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MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information
GESTATIONAL DIABETES GLOSSARY




GLOSSARY

Carbohydrates: A type of food, usually from plants versus animals. Carbohydrates include simple carbohydrates (sugar, fruit) and complex carbohydrates (vegetables, starches). One of three nutrients that supply calories to the body. (See fat and protein.)

Diabetes Mellitus: A disorder that prevents the body from converting digested food into the energy needed for daily activities.

Fat: One of three nutrients that supply calories to the body. Included are vegetable oil, lard, margarine, butter, shortening, mayonnaise, and salad dressing. (See carbohydrates and protein.)

Gestational Diabetes: A form of diabetes which begins during pregnancy and usually disappears following delivery.

Glucose Tolerance Test: A blood test used to make the diagnosis of diabetes, including gestational diabetes. After drinking a liquid containing 100 grams of glucose, blood is drawn every hour for 3 hours. Two or more abnormally elevated blood sugar levels indicate gestational diabetes.

Health Care Providers: Health care professionals who specialize in the management of certain conditions. In the case of gestational diabetes, a registered dietician, a qualified nutritionist, a diabetes educator, and a neonatologist.

Hormone: A chemical substance produced within the body which has "regulatory" effect on the activity of a certain tissue in the body. E, cortisol, and human placenta lactogen are hormones produced by the placenta which cause changes in the mother's body to prepare her for the pregnancy and birth. These hormones also have a contra-insulin effect.

Hypoglycemia: A condition where the blood sugar is lower than normal. This is a dangerous condition and should be avoided or treated rapidly.

Insulin: A hormone manufactured by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose leave the blood and enter the muscles and other tissues of the body.

Insulin-Resistance: A partial blocking of the effect of insulin. This interference can be caused by hormones produced by the placenta or by excessive weight gain.

Ketone: A break down product of fat that accumulates in the blood as a result of inadequate insulin or inadequate calorie intake.

Legumes: Beans, peas and lentils which supply fiber and nutrients and are high in vegetable protein.

Macrosomia: A term meaning "large body." This refers to a baby that is considered larger than normal. This condition occurs when the mother's blood sugar levels have been higher than normal during the pregnancy. This is a preventable complication of gestational diabetes.

Nutrients: Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. These are provided by food and are necessary for growth and the maintenance of life.

Pancreas: A long gland that lies behind the stomach. The pancreas manufactures insulin and digestive enzymes.

Placenta: A special tissue that joins the mother and fetus. It provides hormones necessary for a successful pregnancy, and supplies the fetus with water and nutrients (food) from the mother's blood.

Protein: A substance found in many parts of the body that helps the body to resist disease. Protein often, but not always, comes from animal products. high protein foods include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, hard cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt and milk. Non-animal sources of protein are nuts and seeds, peanut butter, legumes, whole gains and tofu. One of three nutrients that supply calories to the body. (See carbohydrates and fat.)

Recommended Dietary Allowance: Recommendations for daily intake of specific nutrients for groups of healthy individuals. There is a specific recommendation for pregnant and for lactating women. These recommendations are set by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Science.

Self (At Home) Blood Glucose Monitoring: A process by which blood sugars can be determined at home by pricking the finger, putting a drop of blood on a chemically treated test strip, and comparing the color changes to a chart.

Trimester: A period of 3 months. Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters. The first trimester is 0 to 13 weeks gestation. The second trimester is 14 to 26 weeks gestation. The third trimester is 27 weeks gestation until birth.


A Practical Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service National Institutes of Health
National Institute of Child Health
and Human Development
NIH Publication No. 93-2788
Reprinted February 1993






MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Gestational Diabetes Index





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MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information & Survival Tips






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Allspice Leaf Oil
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Black Pepper Oil
Chamomile (German) Oil
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Calamus Oil
Camphor (White) Oil
Caraway Oil
Cardamom Oil
Carrot Seed Oil
Catnip Oil
Cedarwood Oil
Chamomile Oil
Cinnamon Oil
Citronella Oil
Clary-Sage Oil
Clove Oil
Coriander Oil
Cypress Oil
Dill Oil
Eucalyptus Oil
Fennel Oil
Fir Needle Oil
Frankincense Oil
Geranium Oil
German Chamomile Oil
Ginger Oil
Grapefruit Oil
Helichrysum Oil
Hyssop Oil
Iris-Root Oil
Jasmine Oil
Juniper Oil
Labdanum Oil
Lavender Oil
Lemon-Balm Oil
Lemongrass Oil
Lemon Oil
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Longleaf-Pine Oil
Mandarin Oil
Marjoram Oil
Mimosa Oil
Myrrh Oil
Myrtle Oil
Neroli Oil
Niaouli Oil
Nutmeg Oil
Orange Oil
Oregano Oil
Palmarosa Oil
Patchouli Oil
Peppermint Oil
Peru-Balsam Oil
Petitgrain Oil
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Pine-Swiss Oil
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Tangerine Oil
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Violet Oil
White-Camphor Oil
Yarrow Oil
Ylang-Ylang Oil
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Herbal Cleansers
Using Essential Oils


AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


Almond, Sweet Oil
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Argan Oil
Arnica Oil
Avocado Oil
Baobab Oil
Black Cumin Oil
Black Currant Oil
Black Seed Oil
Borage Seed Oil
Calendula Oil
Camelina Oil
Castor Oil
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Flaxseed Oil
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Hazelnut Oil
Hemp Seed Oil
Jojoba Oil
Kukui Nut Oil
Macadamia Nut Oil
Meadowfoam Seed Oil
Mullein Oil
Neem Oil
Olive Oil
Palm Oil
Plantain Oil
Plum Kernel Oil
Poke Root Oil
Pomegranate Seed Oil
Pumpkin Seed Oil
Rosehip Seed Oil
Safflower Oil
Sea Buckthorn Oil
Sesame Seed Oil
Shea Nut Oil
Soybean Oil
St. Johns Wort Oil
Sunflower Oil
Tamanu Oil
Vitamin E Oil
Wheat Germ Oil





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  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

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