MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information
HOW YOUR BABY GROWS
Labor & Delivery
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TO PREPARE FOR AND MANAGE YOUR HOMEBIRTH EXPERIENCE
GETTING READY FOR YOUR BIRTH INDEX:
THE STAGES OF LABOR INDEX:
PREPARING FOR LABOR
Preparing yourself for labor and delivery will help you feel more relaxed and composed once the process actually begins. Be sure to do the following well in advance of your due date:
- Find out if your insurance plan will pay for your midwife and homebirth where you plan to deliver.
- Make arrangements at work for your maternity leave.
- Ask your midwife when you should call her if you think you are in labor.
- Obtain a phone numbers for your emergency back-up plan in the event that a transfer to your nearby hospital may need to be activated.
- Establish who will attend your homebirth, and have those phone numbers ready to be called once labor has been started.
- Map out the quickest route to your home, anticipating any possible delays due to construction, detours, weather conditions, or heavy traffic. Give this map to your midwife well in advance of your due date. Most homebirth midwives will plan at least one home visit sometime during your prenatal care. This will help to prevent her from getting lost on her way to assist you.
- If you have other children or pets, establish a plan for their care while you are in labor and giving birth.
- Decide what birth supplies you might need for you and your baby. Most midwives will give you a list of birth supplies that she will expect you to have prepared for your labor, birth and postpartum care.
- Contact your midwife to see what personal items you will need to prepare for yourself. You will probably want a comfortable gown or robe, toiletries, glasses or contacts lenses, sanitary napkins, nursing supplies, writing utensils, a camera with film and batteries, and important phone numbers. You will also need clothes for yourself and your baby for after the birth.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Writing A Birth Plan
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Birth Kit Supplies
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Childbirth Classes
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Childbirth Class Types
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Doula Care
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Tools For An Easier Natural Birth Experience
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Packing A Labor Bag
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Preparation
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Preparation For A Easy Labor
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: True VS False Labor
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Birth Methods
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: What Is A Midwife?
CALLING YOUR MIDWIFE
When you finally think you are in labor or if your water breaks, call your midwife and let her know what is happening. Keep in mind her traveling time and distance as well as any weather and/or traffic issues when deciding when to call her. Myself, I prefer to be called right away so I can gather my supplies and hit the road. Discuss with your midwife when she wants to be called.
When your midwife arrives at your home, you will be asked questions about the length and strength of your contractions and whether your membranes have ruptured (water has broken). You will be asked to undress and put on a clean, comfortable nightgown, and you will be given an internal exam to determine how far your cervix has dilated. Your temperature, blood pressure, and pulse will be monitored along with your baby's heartbeat, and a urine sample will be taken to test for protein and sugar. You will not shaved or very rarely given an enema. These are considered unnecessary procedures.
THE STAGES OF LABOR
The average labor lasts 19.4 hours for a first pregnancy and may be shorter for subsequent pregnancies. However, each labor is different for each birth, even when it involves that same mother (my shortest labor was my second born at 3 hours and my longest labor for my 4th born was 47 hours, the others averaged around 12 to 14 hours). At home there are no set guidelines for time limitations. Each woman and each labor is viewed as a unique experience and as long as both the mother and the baby are doing well, there are no reasons to be concerned about long labors.
Labor has three basic stages:
STAGE ONE begins with the onset of labor and continues through full cervical dilatation.
STAGE TWO is the delivery of the infant.
STAGE THREE is the delivery of the placenta.
Many midwives also call the immediate postpartum phase Stage 4. This is the time when the baby has been delivered, the placenta is out and both mother and infant are stabilizing and bonding. Breastfeeding is usually initiated during this time, if it has not already been started during the delivery of the placenta. Special attention is made by the midwife to make sure the baby is breathing well and appears well oxygenated and normal. Her attention towards the mother is making sure any bleeding is kept under control and the mother is relaxed and bonding properly with her new infant. Any suturing of tears is done during this time, if needed. The mother is given her postpartum instructions for self-care and the care of her newborn. This phase can last anywhere from an hour to 3 hours or sometimes longer, if needed. The midwife does not leave to return home until both mom and baby are doing well. For more detailed information, see the links below:
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor & Delivery Pictorial
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Initiation (Getting Started)
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Stage 1 (Dilation & Effacement)
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Stage 2 (Pushing)
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Stage 3 (Delivery of the Placenta)
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Labor Stage 4 (Immediate Postpartum)
Most of your pain management comes from within yourself. You do not need dangerous drugs and other medical interventions to give birth. Your brain will produce endorphins, natural pain relievers, which will help you to work with your discomfort and make you feel better (athletes are very familiar with endorphins which are produced during strenuous exercise, excitement, pain and orgasm).
Endorphins are neurotransmitters (endogenous opioid polypeptide compounds) found in the brain (pituitary gland and hypothalamus) that have pain-relieving properties similar to morphine. There are three major types of endorphins: beta endorphins, found primarily in the pituitary gland; and enkephalins and dynorphin, both distributed throughout the nervous system. Endorphins interact with opiate receptor neurons to reduce the intensity of pain: among individuals afflicted with chronic pain disorders, endorphins are often found in high numbers. Many pain killing drugs, such as morphine and codeine, act like endorphins and actually activate opiate receptors. Besides behaving as a pain regulator, endorphins are also thought to be connected to physiological processes including euphoric feelings, appetite modulation, and the release of sex hormones. Prolonged, continuous exercise contributes to an increased production and release of endorphins, resulting in a sense of euphoria that has been popularly labeled runner's high.
However, fear and tension produce pain which produces more fear and more tension, thus more pain.
When you are relaxed and working with your labor, assured and have one-on-one labor support with tools and methods that are available to you, you will find that your labor goes easier, faster and the birth experience becomes emotionally fulfilling for you and your baby. Your baby is born aware, awake, and connecting with you and your partner without the serious side effects that can result in major life threatening complications effecting your baby. Many of these side effect complications are associated with use of labor drugs. You will be taught breathing and focusing methods by your midwife or a homebirth childbirth educator. You also may have the option of hiring a doula for labor support assistance. These methods are the optimal choices for your and your baby's safety and well-being. Not only do they allow you to become a participating member of your birth experience, but they also allow you to make decisions and changes depending upon your comfort needs, both physically and emotionally.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Relaxation Practice
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Laughter & Childbirth
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: The Truth About Labor Pain
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Easy Natural Birth
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Effleurage & Massage
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Guided Imagery & Labor
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Creating A Positive Birth Environment
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Doula Care
STAGE ONE: THE ONSET OF LABOR TO FULL CERVICAL DILATION
Stage One, usually the longest part of labor, can be divided into three phases: an early phase, an active phase, and a transitional phase. "Lightening," which refers to the baby's head dropping and settling into the pelvis, can occur anywhere from a few hours before labor to a few weeks before labor. Blood-tinged mucous, or "show," is often a sign that your cervix is beginning to dilate. The cervix will then thin and soften, dilating to 10 centimeters by the end of the first stage. Your membranes will rupture in the first stage of labor, releasing the amniotic fluid that surrounded the baby in the uterus. If you think your membranes have ruptured, call your midwife immediately.
STAGE ONE - EARLY LABOR (Cervical Dilation From 0 cm to 5 cm)
- The blood-tinged mucous, or "bloody show," that has been blocking the cervix during pregnancy is passed from the vagina. Bloody Show is often a sign that your cervix is beginning to dilate, and can occur as little as one hour before labor begins, or as much as three weeks before labor begins.
- Effacement occurs when the cervix begins to thin and soften as it is pulled up by the contracting uterine muscles. The cervix will dilate to about three centimeters in the early phase. (One centimeter is approximately one fingertip and 10 centimeters is 4 inches.)
- Rupture of the membranes occurs when the amniotic fluid that surrounded the baby in the uterus is released. This may occur before contractions begin, but will probably happen sometime during labor. If you think your membranes have ruptured, you should call your midwife immediately.
- Contractions will be mild to moderately strong, lasting 30 to 45 seconds. They may range from 5 to 20 minutes apart, gradually becoming more frequent toward the end of this stage.
- You may experience nausea, hiccups, leg cramps, backache, shakiness, the urge to push, exhaustion, confusion, anger, and irritability.
- This is the time that you would want to call your midwife and let her know that you are in labor. Once you have notified her, then either you need to get up, be active and get things prepared for her arrival, or go back to bed and get some needed rest and sleep, depending upon what time of the day or night that your labor begins.
STAGE ONE - ACTIVE LABOR (Cervical Dilatation From 5 cm to 8 cm)
Active labor lasts an average of two to three and a half hours, although many experts are noticing longer time periods for active labor. However, this may be due to the drugs given during labor in institutional settings. At home, long labors happen, but usually they are not difficult to work with because of added labor support and birthing assistance. It is not uncommon for normal women to have "plateaus" in dilation efforts during the active phase. Many times this may be due to some unresolved emotional issues that the woman needs to work through, or may be due to how the baby is sitting on the cervix. Extra emotional support, changing positions and activities often corrects this occurrence.
Contractions are generally three to four minutes apart and last 40 to 60 seconds.
The cervix dilates to 8 centimeters.
You may experience increased back and leg pains, more bloody show, anxiety, and exhaustion. It is important to keep well hydrated and given adequate nutrition during labor to keep exhaustion from occurring. Rest is possible between contractions. Extra labor support is helpful.
STAGE ONE - TRANSITIONAL LABOR (Cervical Dilatation From 8 to 10 cm)
Contractions will be very strong, 60 to 90 seconds long, and two to three minutes apart.
The cervix dilates fully to 10 centimeters.
You may feel strong pressure in the lower back and perineum from the baby's head.
Bloody vaginal show will increase, and you may experience leg cramps, nausea, exhaustion, and an overwhelming urge to push.
The midwife will often do a quick dilation check at this point to make sure that you are not trying to push before you are completely dilated. If you attempt to push too soon, the cervix may swell and close up slightly, making labor longer. Injury may occur causing cervical tears, which are difficult to repair. Sometimes, if a woman has labored in the same position for awhile, she may have a slight cervical "lip" that has not finished dilating or effacing out. This is caused by inadequate or unequal pressure from the baby's head on the cervix. Often this "lip" can be eliminated by changing the position of the mother and/or applying slight cervical massage to move it up and over the baby's head, completing dilation and allowing the head to descend through the cervix.
STAGE TWO: FULL CERVICAL DILATION TO DELIVERY OF INFANT
The longest part of your labor is over! Stage Two begins when the cervix is fully dilated at 10 centimeters (about 4 inches). At this point, you will begin pushing.
- Stage Two lasts between 15 minutes and two hours or maybe more. This may be dependent upon whether this is a first time mother or a mother who has had several children, the size of the baby, the individual structure of the pelvis, and the position the mother is in during delivery.
- Contractions will be two to five minutes apart, lasting 60 to 90 seconds.
- You will feel a strong urge to bear down. (Feels like you need to have a really big bowel movement.)
- The baby moves down the birth canal head first (usually).
- Crowning occurs when the baby's head can be seen in the vaginal opening.
- You may feel pressure and stinging in the birth canal as the baby is born.
- The baby's head will usually be delivered face-down (anterior position), and the shoulders will turn to allow the rest of the baby's body to emerge. A baby in a "posterior position" will have the head born "face up".
Once the head has emerged, your midwife will quickly check around the baby's neck for the umbilical cord. If one is present, most times it can be easily pulled loose and over the head or loosened so the body can slide through the coil(s) and out. A large baby may have problems with shoulders getting stuck under the pubic bone. Usually a "corkscrew maneuver" will allow the shoulders to be freed and the rest of the body will slide right out without further problems.
STAGE THREE: DELIVERY OF INFANT TO DELIVERY OF PLACENTA
Stage Three is usually the shortest stage of labor, typically lasting 15 to 20 minutes. However it is not uncommon to have it last longer in a homebirth, since midwives tend to be patient about waiting for the mother's body to release the placenta when it is ready to do so. This waiting period allows the placenta to continue to oxygenate the baby until the baby's breathing is established. You may be prompted to hold your baby to your breast during this phase and begin nursing your baby. The baby's sucking on the mother's nipple will release oxytocic hormones into the mother's blood stream which will help in the contractions of the uterus and expulsion of the placenta. Your contractions will be much less painful and you may feel shaky and hungry.
Your midwife will watch for signs of placenta release which may include a slight gush of blood and lengthening of the cord at the vaginal opening. You may be asked to change positions into a squatting position over a bowl or other container used to catch the placenta. You may experience a few slight crampy contractions or may simply asked to push it out once the signs of placenta separation occurs. There is little discomfort for the mom with the delivery of the placenta.
This stage can be the most hazardous to the mom if separation (partial or full) has occurred and blood is being released. Hemorrhage is always a concern for your midwife at this stage. A missed separation can result in a significant blood loss for the mom. A hidden hemorrhage is when the placenta has released and has blocked the cervical opening with blood being backed up behind it. An obvious hemorrhage is when blood is actually seen flowing from the vaginal opening. Hemorrhage problems tend to be more common in women with anemia, poor nutritional habits, and unhealthy bodies and lifestyles. Nutrition is a very important factor that helps prevent excessive blood loss and to help the mom recover quickly from the birth experience.
If you had an episiotomy or a tear, it will be repaired once the placenta has been delivered.
Following the delivery of your baby, the umbilical cord will be cut, usually after the cord has stopped pulsating, and your uterus will be massaged to keep it firm. You will be given an internal exam, and your baby will be given an APGAR test to assess its health at birth. (APGAR stands for Appearance (color), Pulse (heartbeat), Grimace (reflex), Activity (muscle tone), and Respiration; a healthy baby should have a score of 7 or higher out of a possible 10.) Your baby may be given eye prophylaxis to prevent venereal infection, and the baby will be weighed, examined and possibly footprints and handprints will be taken (more for keepsakes then for identification purposes in a homebirth).
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: The Placenta
HORMONES DRIVING LABOR & BIRTH
Article From: www.childbirthconnection.org
DO WOMEN NEED TO LEARN HOW TO GIVE BIRTH?
Women do not need to learn how to give birth! A woman's body is already organized and finely tuned to do this work. But it is important that a woman and their caregivers understand how to work with - and avoid disrupting - her body's inborn knowledge, drive, and direction for giving birth and caring for her baby. It is fascinating to learn about the amazing capabilities of mothers and babies.
WHAT POWERFUL HORMONES AFFECT THE PROCESS OF LABOR & BIRTH?
It can be especially helpful to know about three of the many hormones involved with reproduction: oxytocin, endorphin, and adrenaline. These hormones play a major role in regulating the process of labor and birth.
Learning about these can help a woman understand what will happen during labor and birth. Women and caregivers can take actions that support or disrupt effective action of these hormones. So, understanding how they work and how they are affected is important for making informed decisions.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF OXYTOCIN DURING LABOR & BIRTH?
Oxytocin is often known as the "hormone of love" because it is involved with lovemaking, fertility, contractions during labor and birth, and the release of milk in breastfeeding. It helps us feel good, and it triggers nurturing feelings and behaviors.
Receptor cells allowing a woman's body to respond to oxytocin increase gradually in pregnancy, and then sharply in labor. Oxytocin is a potent stimulator of contractions, which help to dilate the cervix, move the baby down and out of her body, give birth to her placenta, and limit bleeding at the site of the placenta. During labor and birth, the pressure of the baby against the cervix and then against tissues in the pelvic floor stimulates oxytocin and contractions. So does a suckling newborn.
Low levels of oxytocin during labor and birth can cause problems by:
- Causing contractions to stop or slow, and lengthening labor.
- Resulting in excessive bleeding at the placenta site after birth.
- Leading providers to respond to these problems with interventions.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ENDORPHINS DURING LABOR & BIRTH?
Endorphins are calming and pain-relieving hormones that people produce in response to stress and pain. The level of this natural morphine-like substance may rise toward the end of pregnancy, and then rises steadily and steeply during unmedicated labors. (Most studies have found a sharp drop in endorphin levels with use of epidural or opioid pain medication.) High endorphin levels during labor and birth can produce an altered state of consciousness that helps women flow with the process, even when it is long and arduous. Despite the hard work of labor and birth, a woman with high endorphin levels can feel alert, attentive, and even euphoric as she begins to get to know and care for her baby after birth. Endorphins may play a role in strengthening the mother-infant relationship at this time. A drop in endorphin levels in the days after birth may contribute to the "blues" that many women experience at this time.
Low levels of endorphin can cause problems in labor and birth by:
- Causing labor to be excessively painful and to feel intolerable.
- Leading providers to respond to this problem with interventions.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ADRENALINE DURING LABOR & BIRTH?
Adrenaline is the "fight or flight" hormone that humans produce to help ensure survival. Women who feel threatened during labor (for example by fear or severe pain) may produce high levels of adrenaline. Adrenaline can slow labor or stop it altogether. Earlier in human evolution, this disruption helped birthing women move to a place of greater safety.
Too much adrenaline can cause problems in labor and birth by:
- Causing distress to the unborn baby.
- Causing contractions to stop, slow, or have an erratic pattern, and lengthening labor.
- Creating a sense of panic and increasing pain in the mother.
- Leading providers to respond to this problem with cesareans and other interventions.
WHAT STEPS CAN WOMEN TAKE TO HELP ENSURE THAT THESE HORMONES WORK WELL?
A woman can promote her body's production of oxytocin during labor and birth by:
- Staying calm, comfortable, and confident.
- Avoiding disturbances, such as unwelcome people or noise and uncomfortable procedures.
- Staying upright and using gravity to apply her baby against her cervix and then, as the baby is born, against the tissues of her pelvic floor (these stimulate oxytocin).
- Engaging in nipple or clitoral stimulation activities before birth and giving her baby a chance to suckle shortly after birth (these stimulate oxytocin).
A woman can enhance her body's production of endorphins during labor and birth by:
- Staying calm, comfortable, and confident.
- Avoiding disturbances, such as unwelcome people or noise and uncomfortable procedures.
- Delaying or avoiding epidural or opioids as a pain relief method.
A woman can keep adrenaline down during labor and birth by staying calm, comfortable, and relaxed. The following can help:
- Being informed and prepared.
- Having trust and confidence in her body and her capabilities as a birthing woman.
- Having trust and confidence in her caregivers and birth setting.
- Being in a calm, peaceful, and private environment and avoiding conflict.
- Being with people who help her with comfort measures, good information, positive words, and other support.
- Avoiding intrusive, painful, disruptive procedures.
Childbirth Connection is a national not-for-profit organization founded in 1918 as Maternity Center Association. Their mission is to improve the quality of maternity care through research, education, advocacy and policy. Childbirth Connection promotes safe, effective and satisfying evidence-based maternity care and is a voice for the needs and interests of childbearing families.
WHEN CHILDBIRTH DOES NOT GO AS EXPECTED
Most babies are born without any complications, but knowing what could go wrong can help you prepare. Your midwife will address any concerns or worries you may have about complications. 90 percent of all healthy women can birth their babies without problems of any kind. Another 5 percent may need some medical intervention, which most often can be handled in the home by your midwife. The remaining 5 percent, for whatever reason, may have to have medical assistance through other resources besides your midwife. Midwives today are trained to handle many potential problems. Most midwives are "protectors of normal birth" and are trained to provide preventive care for their clients. Most problems can be prevented with healthy nutrition, healthy lifestyles, and healthy outlooks on life, birth and parenting.
Just as no two pregnancies are the same, no two deliveries will be exactly the same. You may find that nature needs a helping hand during your baby's delivery in one or more of the following forms:
Induction: Induction is usually not tried at home. However, if your midwife believes that continuing your pregnancy will incur more risks than inducing labor, she may artificially rupture your membranes (which midwives do not like to do since it automatically puts them on a time clock for the delivery and the risk of infection goes up as time passes) or give you teas or tinctures of herbal or homeopathic formulas (sometimes combining with other methods) containing oxytocin-like properties. These substances are used to "kick-start" a labor that is ready to go. Oxytocin is a hormone naturally produced by the body during labor to make the uterus contract and push the baby out. Normally, the baby initiates the labor process by sending hormonal messages to the mother's brain to release oxytocin to begin labor.
Some reasons for inducing labor may be an unhealthy uterine environment, preeclampsia (pregnancy-induced hypertension), fetal Rh affliction, postdates pregnancy [past 42 to 43 weeks], diabetes with a risk of a large baby, a chronic illness, or fetal death. Usually for these problems, the possibility of a homebirth would be considered to be too high risk to attempt. The woman would be referred to a medical practitioner which may be able to be of greater assistance under these circumstances.
Keep in mind - induction will not work unless the mother and baby are ready to start labor. The cervix must be "ripe" and "ready" to dilate and open. There needs to be enough hormonal interplay to keep it going and have it make progress. It the woman's body is not ready, home induction and possibly hospital induction will not work. If there is an emergency where the baby needs to be out now, a cesarean delivery is the only option at this point.
Forceps or Vacuum Extraction: some midwives carry or may use a vacuum extraction device for a homebirth, but these are few. Most midwives feel very uncomfortable about using such interventive methods for deliveries. These methods have a host of complications and problems associated with their use and should only be used by a practitioner well trained and skilled using these invasive tools and techniques.
In the hospital, forceps deliveries and vacuum extractions are less common than they used to be, as most health care providers will use the Cesarean delivery method when the baby's head is not emerging from the birth canal. Some physicians still sees a role for forceps, though, as studies show that they pose no more risk to the mother and baby than a Cesarean when carried out properly by someone experienced in using forceps. A local anesthesia is usually given to the mother when forceps are used. A vacuum extractor may be used in place of forceps. The vacuum extractor uses a metal or plastic cup to suction the baby out of the birth canal.
Cesarean Birth: Cesarean sections (C-sections) are the most common major operation performed in the United States; as many as 25 to 60 percent of babies are delivered this way (the percentages tend to be higher in teaching hospitals than in local community hospitals). A woman may need to have a Cesarean delivery if the fetus is under stress; if there are problems with the placenta; if the baby is in an unusual position; if the labor is not progressing; if the baby's head cannot pass through the pelvis; or if the mother has an illness such as high blood pressure or herpes that would put the baby or herself at greater risk. Regardless of hospital percentages, the cesarean rate is much too high in the United States and should be reduced down to the 3 to 5 percent it should be. Most cesareans (for normal labors in healthy moms with healthy babies) seem to occur from the lack of patience on the part of institutional settings and their practitioners, the lack of labor support for mothers, misuse of drugs and technology, and the threat of malpractice lawsuits.
Breech Delivery: Most babies are in the breech position with the buttocks and feet pointed toward the pelvis until about the thirty-second week of pregnancy, when they turn upside down. Some babies, however, are still in this position at the onset of labor. Since the baby's buttocks are not as efficient as the head in dilating the cervix, the first stage of labor may be prolonged. The baby is usually delivered in the breech position until the legs and lower torso have emerged. In a homebirth setting, midwives have learned to be very patient with an expected breech. Dilation must be more than complete and extra care must be taken with the delivery of the head and shoulders.
If it becomes apparent that the homebirth is not progressing normally, you may be transferred to a hospital and prepped for a Cesarean delivery. Some hospitals will electively do Cesareans on breech deliveries when they know the head is high up in the abdomen. Most hospitals will not allow a woman in this situation to labor unless she is in very active labor and the baby is small.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Epidural
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Breech Birth
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Placenta Abruption
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Placenta Previa
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Toxemia (Preeclampsia/Eclampsia)
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Twins & Multiple Births
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Premature Rupture of Membranes
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Spina Bifida
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Birth Defects
Premature Birth: A birth is considered premature if labor begins at 37 weeks of pregnancy or less. A premature birth may occur if the membranes rupture prematurely or if the mother or fetus is having a problem. But rest assured that only 10 percent of pregnancies in the United States result in premature births, and most occur in women who are known to be at risk. Risk factors include smoking, alcohol or drug use, malnutrition, infection, stress, fetal abnormality, and genetic disposition. Other causes for a premature birth is incorrect due date calculations, misinterpretations of ultrasounds, and induction of labors and scheduling of cesarean deliveries before the due date.
Almost all babies will be born when they are ready since they are the ones that initiate labor. We must remember to be patient with them and allow them to decide when they are to be born... not our high-tech gadgets and our calendars.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Premature Labor & Birth
MoonDragon's How Your Baby Grows Index
MoonDragon's Articles Index
MoonDragon Birth Information Index
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information Index
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information & Survival Tips
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HerbsPro: Completia Prenatal, Natures Way, 240 Tabs (34469)
HerbsPro: Prenatal Nutrients, Solgar, 240 Tabs (36704)
HerbsPro: Perfect Prenatal Trimester, New Chapter, 270 Tabs (91397)
HerbsPro: Complete Prenatal System, Rainbow Light, 360 Tabs (18699)
HerbsPro: Early Promise Prenatal Gentle DHA, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 200 mg, 30 Softgels (100474)
HerbsPro: Early Promise Prenatal Gentle DHA, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 200 mg, 60 Softgels (100479)
HerbsPro: Prenatal DHA, Child Life Essentials, 500 mg, 30 Softgels (92591)
HerbsPro: Wholemega Prenatal, New Chapter, 500 mg, 90 Softgels (82357)
HerbsPro: Prenatal DHA, Nordic Naturals, 500 mg, 90 Caps (92068)
HerbsPro: Prenatal DHA, Nordic Naturals, 500 mg, 180 Caps (92071)
HerbsPro: Prenatal DHA, Nordic Naturals, 1000 mg, 60 Caps (92087)
HerbsPro: Prenatal Plus DHA Complete, Buried Treasure Products, 16 fl. oz. (50992)
Kalyx: Prenatal Precious Gems Gummy Multivitamin, Rainbow Light, 30 (3 count) Packets: K
Kalyx: Prenatal Formula Multi, Thompson Nutritional, 60 Tabs: K
Kalyx: Prenatal Gummy Vitamins for Adults, Nutrition Now, 75 count: K
Kalyx: Prenatal One Multivitamin, Rainbow Light, 90 Tabs: K
Kalyx: Prenatal 35-Plus Multivitamin, Rainbow Light, 90 Caps: HF
Kalyx: Vegan Prenatal Multivitamin & Mineral, Deva Vegan Vitamins, 90 Tab: HF
Kalyx: Prenatal Superior Multivitamin, FoodScience Labs, 120 Tabs: K
Kalyx: Prenatal One Multivitamin, Rainbow Light, 150 Tab: HF
Kalyx: Prenatal Multi, Natures Way, 180 Caps: HF
Kalyx: Prenatal Petite Multivitamin & Mineral, Rainbow Light, Food Based, 180 Mini-Tabs: K
Kalyx: Complete Prenatal System, Rainbow Light, 360 Tabs: HF
Kalyx: Complete Prenatal System, Rainbow Light, 360 Tabs: K
Nutrition Basics: Multimineral Supplement Information Nutrition Basics: Multivitamin Supplement Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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