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MoonDragon's Women's Health Procedures Information
GUIDE TO TYPES OF MASTECTOMIES


For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Mastectomy Type Overview
  • Extended Radical Mastectomy
  • Halsted Radical Mastectomy
  • Modified Radical Mastectomy
  • Total Simple Mastectomy
  • Partial Segmented Mastectomy
  • Local Wide Excision Mastectomy (Tylectomy / Lumpectomy)
  • Subcutaneous Mastectomy




  • MASTECTOMY TYPE OVERVIEW

    How familiar are you with types of mastectomy? For example, can you differentiate between a simple and a modified radical mastectomy? If your client/patient has had a radical mastectomy, do you know which muscles will be affected?

    The type of mastectomy the health care provider recommends for your client will depend on the tumor's size and location, the extent of invasion of adjacent tissue, and whether the regional lymph nodes are affected. The chart on this page will give you specific information on different mastectomy types.





    EXTENDED RADICAL MASTECTOMY


    extended radical


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Large or invasive tumor.
  • Lymph node involvement.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes the entire breast, major and minor pectoral muscles, axillary and internal mammary lymph nodes (possibly with rib cage excision), and fat.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Client left with hollow area beneath clavicle.
  • Lung may be injured during surgery.
  • Client may develop post-operative complications, such as infection and atelectasis.
  • Client may need as long as 1 year to recover fully; she must exercise regularly to strengthen remaining arm and chest muscles.
  • Client may lose some feeling in affected arm and shoulder from cut nerves.





  • HALSTED RADICAL MASTECTOMY


    Halsted radical


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Large or invasive tumor.
  • Lymph node involvement.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes the entire breast, major and minor pectoral muscles, axillary and internal mammary lymph nodes and fat.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Client may develop lymphedema and shoulder stiffness.
  • Client may develop post-operative complications, such as infection and atelectasis.
  • Client may need as long as 1 year to recover fully; she must exercise regularly to strengthen remaining arm and chest muscles.





  • MODIFIED RADICAL MASTECTOMY


    modified radical


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Large cancerous tumor.
  • Lymph node involvement.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes the entire breast, some fat, and most of axillary nodes; chest muscles remain in place.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Gives client a more cosmetically pleasing appearance than other radical mastectomies.
  • Reduces risk of lymphedema development.
  • Unlike other radical mastectomies, does not severely weaken affected arm.





  • TOTAL OR SIMPLE MASTECTOMY


    total or simple


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Large tumor; without muscle or lymph node involvement.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes the entire breast and some fat tissue but leaves muscle and axillary lymph nodes in place.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Client recovers rapidly and experiences no edema, because her lymph nodes are intact.
  • Leaves smaller scar than radical mastectomies.
  • Causes no loss of muscle power.





  • PARTIAL SEGMENTED MASTECTOMY


    partial or segmented


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Small, self-contained tumor near nipple.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes breast tissue wedge (2 to 3 cm of tissue surrounding tumor), fascia, tumor, and skin.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Although breast is partially saved, it is markedly disfigured. Reconstruction, however, can return the client's breast to acceptable structure.





  • LOCAL WIDE EXCISION MASTECTOMY
    (Tylectomy or Lumpectomy)


    local wide excision


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Very small, self-contained cancerous or precancerous tumor; fibroid tumor that does not respond to conservative treatment.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes tumor and small amount of surrounding breast tissue; leaves muscles, most skin, and lymph nodes in place.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Can be done in a health care provider's office or clinic, in the hospital on an outpatient basis.
  • Client is still capable of breastfeeding.
  • If a tumor is cancerous, procedure is usually combined with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.





  • SUBCUTANEOUS MASTECTOMY


    subcutaneous


    REASON FOR SURGERY

  • Multiple, persistent non-cancerous breast nodules.
  • Family history of breast cancer in patient who has progressive breast nodularity.
  • Nodularity or cystic disease in one breast when cancer has been found in the other.

  • SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Removes internal breast tissue; leaves skin and possibly nipple.

  • CONSIDERATIONS

  • Usually considered only after more conservative therapy has failed.
  • Reconstruction returns breast contour to normal, especially if nipple is saved.





  • MOONDRAGON'S BREAST CANCER LINKS

  • Learning About Breast Cancer
  • Understanding Breast Tumor Staging
  • Familiarizing Yourself With Diagnostic Techniques
  • Understanding Fibrocystic Breast Disease
  • Guide To Types of Mastectomies
  • Patient Preparation For A Mastectomy
  • Mastectomy Care After Surgery
  • Learning About Breast Reconstruction
  • Selecting A Prosthesis
  • Applying An Arm Sleeve and Gauntlet
  • Preventing Complications After A Mastectomy


  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Breast Cancer
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Breast Reconstruction
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Fibrocystic Breast Changes
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Mammography
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Mastectomy
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Partial Mastectomy






    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


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    Angelica Oil
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    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
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    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
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    Poke Root Oil
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    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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