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MoonDragon's Women's Health Procedures Information
(Pelvic Floor Exercises)

For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.

  • Kegel Exercise Description
  • Kegel Exercise Instruction - Learning The Technique
  • Kegel Exercise Instruction - Exercise Routine
  • Kegel Aids & Kegel-Related Product Suggestions
  • Suggestions For Keeping Pelvic Floor Strong
  • Notify Your Health Care Provider
  • Kegel-Related Products


  • Kegel exercises (named for the individual who invented them) can strengthen the muscles around the vagina and increase your ability to control and relax these muscles completely. The pelvic floor muscles are special in women because they support the organs in the pelvis (uterus, bladder and bowel). Keeping these muscles strong can help prevent a prolapsed uterus or poor bladder control and may add pleasure to sexual intercourse. Kegels are often encouraged along with counseling and sex therapy, as a helpful treatment for persistent problems with reaching orgasm.

  • Over time, weakness develops in the pelvic floor muscles due to normal wear and tear and childbirth. The bladder, uterus and rectum begin to slip down and get squeezed into the lower regions of the pelvis. Stress incontinence may develop (urine is released during lifting, sneezing or exercising). Performing Kegel exercises can help many women relieve these symptoms.

  • Pregnant women will benefit from Kegel exercises. They may be performed while on your back only through the fourth month of pregnancy, and then should be done only while standing or sitting during subsequent months. After the fourth month, the growing uterus could put excessive weight on major blood vessels. Well-toned pelvic floor muscles may make you feel more comfortable as your due date approaches. You may be less likely to develop urine leakage and hemorrhoids, both common problems near the end of pregnancy and are prone to persist long after you have given birth. Following childbirth, the exercises are helpful and can be started almost immediately.



  • To get the feel of the muscles, alternately start and stop urinating while using the toilet. Practice this tightening and releasing action while sitting, standing, walking, driving and watching TV or even while you are in your car and waiting for a red light to turn green. Another technique to try if you are not sure you are exercising the right muscles is to insert a finger into the vagina during a kegel. You should feel your vagina tighten and your pelvic floor move upward. Then relax your muscles and feel your pelvic floor move down to the starting position. As your muscles become stronger, and you become more experienced with the exercises, this movement will be more pronounced.

  • Using a finger to feel pelvic floor contractions Pelvic floor muscles

    Note: Caution - Do not make a habit of starting and stopping your urine stream. Doing Kegel exercises with a full bladder or while emptying your bladder can actually weaken the muscles. It can also lead to incomplete emptying of the bladder, which increases your risk of a urinary tract infection.

  • Kegel exercises can be performed while on the floor, sitting or standing. On the floor, lie on your back with knees bent and about 12 inches apart with feet flat on the floor (do not lie on your back after the fourth month of pregnancy... sit or stand instead). Arms should be resting at your sides.

  • Firmly tense your pelvic floor muscles. Try to tighten the muscles a small amount at a time, "like an elevator going up to the tenth floor." Then, release very slowly, one "floor" at a time. Try it at frequent intervals for 5 seconds at a time, four or five times in a row. Work up to keeping the muscles contracted for 10 seconds at a time, relaxing for 10 seconds between contractions.

  • Be careful not to contract or squeeze other muscles (abdomen, thighs, buttocks) when you do Kegel exercises. If you are on your back on the floor keep your knees apart as you squeeze, and focus on tightening only the pelvic floor muscles. Also, try not to hold your breath. Just relax, breathe freely and focus on tightening the muscles around your vagina and rectum.


  • Do these exercises every morning, afternoon, and evening (3 times a day). Try to maintain a daily schedule. They can be done before or after meals, while in the shower or at the sink brushing teeth.

  • Start with 5 times each and gradually work up to 10 and then 20 to 30 each time.

  • You can vary your technique. Try doing sets of mini-kegels. Count quickly to 10 or 20, contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles each time you say a number. Or slow it down, gradually contracting your pelvic floor muscles, one time.

  • In addition to the daily routine, try to think about the pelvic muscle when you are lifting something heavy, sneezing, coughing or laughing. Do the pelvic muscle contraction whenever you anticipate extra pressure on your pelvis. Practice is required, but eventually it will become a habit.



  • Weighted vaginal cones can be used to help strengthen the pelvic muscle. The cones come in a set of 5 that vary in weight. The tapered end of the cone is inserted into the vagina and the pelvic muscle is contracted to try and hold it in, so that it does not slip out of the vagina. As the muscles get stronger, you progress to a heavier cone.


  • A perineometer (or Kegelometer) is a device that is placed in the vagina and has a numbered gauge that will show the strength of the muscle contraction.


    If you have trouble doing Kegel exercises, biofeedback training may help. In a biofeedback session, a nurse, therapist or technician will either insert a monitoring probe into your vagina or place adhesive electrodes on the skin outside your vagina or rectal area. When you contract your pelvic floor muscles, you will see a measurement on a monitor that lets you know whether you have successfully contracted the right muscles. You will also be able to see how long you hold the contraction.

    Another technique uses electrical stimulation to help you feel the muscles contract. The procedure is painless, although you'll experience a buzzing feeling as a small electrical current is applied to your pelvic floor muscles, making them contract. Once you feel this sensation a few times, you will probably be able to duplicate the exercise on your own. Because simpler methods work for most women, this technique is rarely used.


    If you do your Kegel exercises faithfully, you can expect to see some results, such as less frequent urine leakage, within about eight to 12 weeks. Your improvement may be dramatic - or, at the very least, you may keep your problems from worsening. As with other forms of physical activity, you need to make Kegel exercises a lifelong practice to get lifelong benefits.

  • A self-help audiotape is available that teaches pelvic floor exercises (there is a cost for the tape). Contact:
      Help for Incontinent People (HIP)
      (800) BLADDER

      or write to:
      P.O. Box 8310
      Spartanburg, SC 29305.

  • Training on Kegel exercises may also be provided by the health care provider, midwife or physical therapist.
  • Computer assisted biofeedback technique is available in some medical offices. It measures the strength of muscle contractions and determines if the correct muscles are being used.


  • Kegel-related products are available through


  • If you are overweight, try to lose the excess pounds. Pelvic floor problems are more likely to occur in overweight women.
  • Do not smoke. There appears to be a predisposition to pelvic weakness among smokers.
  • Always lift heavy objects with care, or get help with lifting if needed. Always lift using your legs, not your back to prevent back strain and injury.
  • Keep aerobic exercises low impact. It is not known for sure if high impact aerobics affect the pelvic floor, but the trauma of repetitive jolting may lead to damage of the pelvic nerves and muscles.
  • Avoid constipation. Straining may cause damage to pelvic muscles or nerves.
  • Eat a high Fiber diet and drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily.

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Fiber Enhanced Diet
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Constipation


  • You want additional information about Kegel exercise.
  • If you have concerns or problems with incontinence.

  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Incontinence, Stress
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Incontinence, Urge



  • Fiber Supplement Products

  • Kegel-Related Products



    Note: These devices are not inexpensive. Talk to your health care provider or midwife about their possible usefulness in your situation.

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