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MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information

For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.

  • Home Pregnancy Tests Description
  • Types of Tests
  • Pregnancy Test Comparisons
  • Pregnancy Test Instructions
  • Using Tests Wisely
  • Negative Test Results
  • Positive Test Results
  • Notify Your Midwife or Health Care Provider
  • Pregnancy Test Ordering Information
  • Pregnancy Test Products


    Home pregnancy tests detect the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is present in the urine and blood (serum) of a pregnant woman. These tests are simple to use and almost 100 percent effective if done correctly. HCG is produced by the placenta in increasing amounts 10 days after fertilization. An absence of a menstrual period in a sexually active female is usually the first reason a pregnancy test is utilized. Other signs of pregnancy that occur include:

  • Morning sickness (nausea, vomiting, food and smell intolerance).
  • Frequent urination.
  • Tender, swollen breasts.
  • Darkening of the area (areola) around the nipples.
  • Food cravings.
  • Blue and pink lines under the skin on the breasts and later on the abdomen.


    There are a variety of home pregnancy tests that are available without the need of a prescription. Some tests detect pregnancy as early as the first day of the missed period. They all use a urine (sometimes a serum) sample for the basis of the test and results are available in 1 to 30 minutes. These have been the two types I have used in the past.

    EPT Home Pregnancy Test
    Uses urine and the results are available in 3 minutes.

    QuickVue hCG-Combo Pregnancy Tests
    Uses urine (results available in 3 minutes) & serum (results available in 5 minutes with greater sensitivity).


    (The lower the mIUs, the better)

    Affordable Pregnancy Tests

    20 mIUs hCG

    Confirm 1-Step

    25 mIUs hCG

    One Step Be Sure

    25 mIUs hCG


    40 mIUs hCG

    Clearblue Easy

    50 mIUs hCG

    Generic: Rite-Aid, Target

    50 mIUs hCG


    100 mIUs hCG

    Equate (Wal-Mart)

    100 mIUs hCG

    First Response

    100 mIUs hCG


    100 mIUs hCG


    100 mIUs hCG

    Store Brand: Walgreens

    100 mIUs hCG

    PREGNANCY TEST INSTRUCTIONS (For Affordable Pregnancy Tests)

    Pregnancy Test Instructions



    One Step HCG Urine Pregnancy Tests are used for qualitative (visual) determination of hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) in urine specimens for early detection of pregnancy. The tests are available in 3 different formats:
      1. STRIP
      2. CASSETTE
      3. MIDSTREAM

    The format applications range from professional to domestic usage.


    STEP 1

    Bring the test pouch to room temperature (18 to 30°C). To begin testing, open the sealed pouch by tearing along the notch. Remove the test from the pouch.



    Immerse the strip into the urine with the arrow end pointing towards the urine. Do not immerse past the "Max" line. Take the strip out after 3 seconds and lay the strip flat on a clean, dry, non-absorbent surface (e.g., mouth of the urine container).


    Draw the urine sample into the provided pipette, and dispense 0.2ml (about 4 drops) into the round dropping well of the cassette.


    Hold the round end of cover with one hand. Use the other hand to pull out the test device and expose the absorbent window.

    Point the absorbent tip downward; place the absorbent tip in urine stream for at least 10 seconds to be thoroughly wet. Otherwise, you can collect your urine into a clean cup and dip half of the absorbent pad into the urine for at least 10 seconds. Re-cap the device and place it on the clean, flat surface.

    STEP 3

    Wait for colored bands to appear. Depending on the concentration of hCG in the test specimen, positive results may be observed in as short as 40 seconds. However, to confirm negative results, the complete reaction time (5 minutes) is required. Do not read results after 10 minutes.


    Negative - Not Pregnant: Only one color band appears in the control region. No visible band on the test region is present since hCG concentration is not present in urine or too low for detection.

    Positive - Pregnant: Distinct color bands appear on the control and test regions. The presence of both test and control lines indicate possible pregnancy. Color intensity of the test band may vary according to the concentration of hCG in urine. The higher the hCG concentration - the darker the intensity of the test line, hence higher the likelihood of pregnancy.

    Invalid - Uncertain Results: No visible bands in the control and test regions. Make sure to follow the above specified instructions for optimum results.


    1. For single in vitro diagnostic use only - use test only once for urine screening.
    2. Do not use test kit beyond expiry date.
    3. Keep away from moisture, direct sunlight, and children.


  • Check the expiration date. If the date is past, do not buy the product.
  • Follow package directions about storing the test at home.
  • Learn about the limitations of the test. Remember - no test is 100% accurate.
  • Read the insert to learn how to use the test. Review the instructions so each step is fully understood.
  • Do not guess if something is unclear. Consult a pharmacist, a midwife or other health care provider or call an "800" number if one is listed in the instructions.
  • Note any special precautions before using the test.
  • Follow instructions exactly. Do not skip a step.
  • Note what to do if results are positive, negative or unclear.
  • Keep a record of the test results, the date and the brand name of the test to advise your midwife or health care provider if necessary.
  • Discard used materials as directed.


  • If a pregnancy test is negative and the woman is still not menstruating, she should wait the number of days suggested in the instructions and test again - making sure all instructions are followed correctly. If the second test is negative and there is still no menstrual period, she should consult a midwife or health care provider.

  • A false negative can occur with a home pregnancy test. The result indicates there is not pregnancy when in fact there is. Pregnant women do not always produce the hCG hormone at the same rate, so a woman could still be pregnant, but not yet producing enough of the hormone to obtain a positive test result. Also, the levels of the hormone needed to trigger the positive results vary from test to test. One of the problems of a false-negative result is that a woman might continue certain practices, such as smoking, excessive drinking or using some medications that are potentially harmful to the baby's health.


  • A positive result of a home pregnancy test does not replace the need to schedule an appointment with a midwife or health care provider. Confirmation of the pregnancy is determined with a physical examination that is combined with a complete prenatal checkup.


  • If you or a family member has:
    • A positive result from a home pregnancy test.

    • A negative result from a first or second home pregnancy test and a menstrual period that is a week or more overdue.


    MoonDragon's Conception Information: Conception Kit Ovulation Test Instructions
    MoonDragon's Conception Information: Conception Kit Pregnancy Test Instructions
    MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information - Taking Home Pregnancy Test After Sexual Intercourse
    MoonDragon's Lab Information & Tests - Home Pregnancy Test Sensitivity
    MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy Information & Survival Tips
    MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information Index
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Pregnancy Information Index
    MoonDragon's Pediatric Information Index
    MoonDragon's Parenting Information Index
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