MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information
For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
Preconception Overview Diet & Nutrition Considerations Smoking Cessation Alcohol Use Drugs of Abuse Exercise & Fitness Emotional Health Genetic Counseling Exposure To Toxic Materials Medications Contraception Method Concerns Age-Related Concerns Chronic Medical Health Conditions Immunizations Reproductive Knowledge & Education Previous Medical History Financial Considerations Education For Pregnancy & Childbirth Notify Your Healthcare Provider or Midwife Recommended Products
The health of both partners before conception is vital to the development of a healthy baby. The man's sperm and the woman's ovum are the foundation for giving the baby the best start in life. As soon as you decide to have a child you and your partner should assess your lifestyle to determine if any changes are necessary and schedule a visit to your midwife or health care provider for pre-pregnancy planning, counseling and a physical exam.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Birth Concerns Index
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Things To Avoid During Pregnancy
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Getting Ready For A Baby
DIET & NUTRITION CONSIDERATIONS
Both partners should eat a well-balanced dietnormal weight before conceiving. If underweight, a diet to increase weight is appropriate, but keep it healthy. If overweight, try to lose the excess pounds. Do not crash diet or follow fad diets as this can cause serious nutritional deficiencies and related health problems. Follow a sensible and healthy, Weight Loss - Reduced Calorie Diet. Strenuous dieting can start off a pregnancy with a nutritional deficit. For men, better nutrition helps assure healthy sperm. For more information about pregnancy and nutrition see MoonDragon's Nutrition Index.
Folic Acid (folate) is a B vitamin shown to help a baby's neural tube (the part of a developing baby that becomes the brain and spinal cord) to develop properly. Folate is needed both before and during the first few weeks of pregnancy to help reduce the risk of the baby having a birth defect of the brain or spinal cord. Women should include adequate Folic Acid intake by eating food high in folic acid such as spinach, broccoli, and kale. Folic Acid supplements with a minimum dosage of 400 mcg are often recommended for all women of childbearing age to prevent certain birth defects. For women with nutritional deficiencies, higher doses may be recommended.
Antioxidants such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Beta Carotene protect healthy cells from the ravaging effects of free radicals as well as promoting healthy cell development. Iron, if needed, should be provided in a non-constipating form (such as iron bisglycinate), thus eliminating a common problem with many prenatal products.
To be safe, a woman who takes vitamins or supplements in high doses should discontinue their use or cut back on dosages. Some nutrients, in high therapeutic dosages, can have adverse effects on a pregnancy. Check with your midwife about obtaining natural "whole food" Multivitamin & Multimineral supplements, if they are needed, to include in your diet. Do not use over-the-counter drugstore quality supplements, if at all possible. These are usually inferior to natural supplements and artificially manufactured using chemical substitutes for "real food". Research natural food resources and stores in your regional area, or online and buy from reputable sources only (we recommend our merchants with reliable supplement brands). It is not uncommon for your midwife to suggest that you may want to take a Natural Prenatal Supplement along with some herbal suggestions to be used in the form of teas or such that are rich in many of the nutrients that you will need to make a strong healthy baby.
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is an omega-3 fatty acid shown to be essential for normal brain development in the fetus and growing infant. It is the predominant omega-3 fatty acid present in human breast milk. DHA is an essential Omega-3 fatty acid and must be obtained from dietary sources or a high-quality supplement. Pregnancy and lactation can place high demands on your body and deplete your DHA reserves. DHA contributes to mental and cardiovascular health in both mother and baby. DHA is especially important in the last trimester of pregnancy and the first few months of an infantís life when the childís brain undergoes rapid growth. Omega-3 DHA supplementation continues to provide DHA to your baby after birth by increasing the available DHA in breastmilk. You may consider take a quality Prenatal DHA-Omega 3 supplement before conception, during pregnancy and while breastfeeding as part of your nutritional optimization plan.
Red Raspberry Leaf is an herb known to mothers and midwives over the world as a help in easing morning sickness. It acts as an all-around women's uterine toner and reduces pain during labor and after birth. It may also assist in the production of breast milk. Raspberry is safe and effective for use before and during pregnancy and throughout breast feeding. Ginger, Meadowsweet and Chamomile are soothing herbs helpful in easing morning sickness, alleviating nausea, and calming an upset stomach.
MoonDragon's Nutritional Guidelines Index
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information - Diet Index
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Diet
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Weight Gain
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Depression
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Toxemia of Pregnancy
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Medical Management
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Hyperemesis Gravidarum
RECOMMENDED NUTRITIONAL PRODUCTS
Beta Carotene Supplement Products Chamomile Herbal Products Folic Acid Supplement Products Ginger Herbal Products Iron Supplement Products Meadowsweet Herbal Products Multimineral Supplement Products Multivitamin Supplement Products Prenatal Multinutrient Supplement Products DHA-Omega 3 Supplement Products Red Raspberry Herbal Products Vitamin C Supplement Products Vitamin E Supplement Products
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVING FERTILITY
Unless otherwise specified, the following nutritional supplements in this section are recommended for either or both adult partners trying to improve their fertility to concieve a child.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments Selenium 200 to 400 mcg daily. Deficiency leads to reduced sperm count and has been linked to sterility in men and infertility in women. Caution: Do not take supplemental selenium if you are pregnant or have heart, kidney, or liver disease. Vitamin C With Bioflavonoids 2,000 to 6,000 mg daily, in divided doses. Important in sperm production. Keeps the sperm from clumping, and makes them more motile. Vitamin E Start with 200 IU daily or 400 IU every other day and increase gradually to 400 to 1,000 IU daily. Needed for balanced hormone production. Has been known as the "sex vitamin" that carries oxygen to the sex organs. Use d-alpha-tocopherol form. Zinc 80 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Important for the functioning of the reproductive organs. Use zinc gluconate lozenges or OptiZinc for best results. Dimethylglycine (DMG) As directed on label. Increases oxygen supply in the blood to all tissues. Use a sublingual form. Raw Liver Extract As directed on label. Injections, if needed, as prescribed by a health care provider, twice weekly. Found to be beneficial in promoting function of the sex organs. A good source of iron. Consider injections (under a health care provider's supervision). Octacosanol
As directed on label.
As directed on label.
The heart of wheat germ. Aids in hormone production. Essential Fatty Acids As directed on label. Essential for normal glandular function and activity, especially for the reproductive system. Kyolic EPA As directed on label. Essential for normal glandular function and activity, especially for the reproductive system. L-Arginine
As directed on label. Increases sperm count and plays a role in sperm motility. Sulfur-containing amino acids that are effective free radical destroyers and chelating agents that protect glandular and hormonal function. See Amino Acids for more information. Plus
500 mg daily, on an empty stomach. Take with water or juice. Do not take with milk. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. Alleviates stress and aids in stabilizing moods. See Amino Acids for more information. Caution: Do not take this supplement if you are taking an MAO inhibitor drug. Plus
As directed on label.
1,000 mg daily.
Acetylcholine increases sexual pleasure. Phosphatidylcholine, a primary component of lecithin, is converted in the brain into the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Phosphatidyl choline improves the transmissionof message from the brain to the genitals. Manganese As directed on label. Take separately from calcium. Maintains sex hormone production. Proteolytic Enzymes As directed on label. Take between meals. Powerful free radical scavengers. To aid in proper breakdown of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates for better absorption of nutrients. Raw Orchic Glandular As directed on label. For Men. Glandular extracts from the male reproductive organs that promote their function. See Glandular Therapy for more information. Raw Ovarian Glandular As directed on label. For women. Supports ovarian function. See Glandular Therapy for more information. 7-Keto DHEA As directed on label. Improves libido. Vitamin A 15,000 IU daily. Do not exceed 10,000 IU daily after conception and during pregnancy. Needed for tissue repair and proper immune function. Important in reproductive gland function. Plus
As directed on label. Powerful antioxidants, free radical scavengers, and immune enhancers. Vitamin A precursors. Vitamin B-Complex 50 mg of each B vitamin daily (amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary). Important in reproductive gland function. Plus
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B-5)
As directed on label. Maintains sex hormone production. Helpful for stress. Plus Extra
50 mg 3 times daily. Required for the synthesis of RNA and DNA, which govern cellular reproduction. And
50 mg daily. Plays a role in restoring fertility in some women. And
Folic Acid (Vitamin B-9)
400 mcg daily. Protects the egg, sperm, and genetic material. Vitamin B-12 2,000 mcg twice daily. Maintains fertility. Use a lozenge or sublingual form.
A balanced diet is important. Do not consume animal fats, fried foods, sugar, or junk foods. Do eat pumpkin seeds, bee pollen, or royal jelly. Caution: Do not use bee pollen if you have allergies to pollens. Bee pollen may cause an allergic reaction in some people. Start with a small amount, and discontinue use if a rash, wheezing, discomfort, or other symptom occurs.
Astragalus Extract has been reported to stimulate sperm motility. Caution: Do not use this herb in the presence of a fever.
Damiana, Ginseng, Sarsaparilla, Saw Palmetto, and Yohimbe enhance sexual function in men. Caution: Do not use ginseng if you have high blood pressure.
Damiana, Dong Quai, False Unicorn Root, Ginseng, Gotu Kola, Licorice Root, and Wild Yam Root are good for women. Caution: Do not use Ginseng or Licorice if you have high blood pressure.
Green Oat (Avena Sativa) Extract (also known as Oat Straw) is an excellent aid if the reason for infertility is the man's ability to maintain an erection.
Yin-Yang-Huo (Horny Goat Weed) is a Chinese herb known as a male aphrodisiac and may increase sperm count and semen density.
Heavy use of Echinacea, Ginkgo Biloba, and St. John's Wort may cause infertility in men, and should be avoided.
RECOMMENDED HERBAL PRODUCTS
Astragalus Herbal Products Bee Pollen Supplement Products Damiana Herbal Products Dong Quai Herbal Products False Unicorn Herbal Products Ginseng Herbal Products Gotu Kola Herbal Products Horny Goat Weed Herbal Products Licorice Herbal Products Oats & Oatstraw Herbal Products Pumpkin Seeds Herbal Products Royal Jelly Bee Supplement Products Sarsaparilla Herbal Products Saw Palmetto Herbal Products Wild Yam Herbal Products Yohimbe Herbal Products
Both partners need to stop smoking. In addition to a variety of health risks, it can lead to decreased fertility in both men and women and is hazardous to the pregnancy. A smoke-free home will provide a more healthy environment for any child.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Smoking
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Smoking
Men and women should discontinue alcohol use when trying to conceive. In women, it can contribute to miscarriage, a low-birth-weight baby and fetal alcohol syndrome. In men, heavy alcohol consumption may cause sexual problems that make them infertile and possibly damage sperm, as well as reduce their number.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Alcohol
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Alcoholism
DRUGS OF ABUSE
Men and women need to discontinue any illicit drugs (this includes prescription medication that may be non-essential and/or abused). Drugs of abuse can be dangerous in a pregnancy, including the risk of miscarriage, prematurity, and birth defects or death of a fetus. In addition, their use may inhibit conception. For men, drugs of abuse may cause sexual problems and fertility problems such as low sperm count or damaged sperm. Prescription and non-prescription drugs should be discontinued unless they are essential for your health and then only after consultation with your health care provider or midwife. Be sure to let your health care provider know that you are trying to conceive. This way he/she can help you find alternative medications or therapies for your health care issues. See Medications below.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Drugs
EXERCISE & FITNESS
A regular exercise routine is important to both men and women. It leads to improved health, less stress, helps take off excess weight and improves the quality of life. It helps a women prepare for the physical requirements of pregnancy and delivery of a child. Walking at least 30 minutes daily and swimming are both low impact exercises that most people are able to do to keep fit.
Long-term, heavy-duty exercise, often seen with women athletes, can interfere with fertility. A woman needs to have a certain amount of body fat to enable conception. Women athletes often find their periods stop during training and the loss of body fat. Body fat is nature's way of making sure the woman has energy reserves for the physical stresses of pregnancy. If you are a woman athlete, you may need to back off strenous training if you desire to concieve and maintain a pregnancy.
Couples need to assess their emotional health, both as individuals and as a couple. Are both partners emotionally ready for a pregnancy? Are there unresolved psychological problems for either partner such as stress, depression or anxiety. These problems may create difficulties with conceiving and be heightened during the pregnancy when both a woman and a man go through various mood swings.
Drugs prescribed for certain emotional and mental health issues may be contraindicated for use during pregnancy. Discuss your conception and pregnancy plans with your health care provider or midwife so medications can be adjusted, changed or eliminated during this time.
Couples should have an emotionally healthy partnership before trying to conceive. Pregnancy, childbirth and childrearing bring on a whole new set of stresses to both partners and if the relationship is already encountering problems, having a child is not the solution. Raising children requires major sacrifices of time and finances, requiring emotional maturity, selflessness, commitment, patience, love and mutual support between parents. Becoming a parent is not for those who are self-centered, insecure, selfish, domineering and controlling or emotionally stunted (or challenged) and especially not for those who are abusive and violent. Domestic abuse and violence often increases in frequency and intensity during a pregnancy, resulting in harm to the mother and infant or possible death of one or both. Any domestic violence situations need to be resolved. Seek counseling for unresolved conflicts or if there is an abusive relationship. If you are in an abusive relationship, get out before you concieve and start bringing children into the unhealthy and damaging situation.
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Domestic Violence
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Work
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Mood Tips
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Bulimia Eating Disorder
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Anorexia Eating Disorder
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Depression
MoonDragon's Womens Information: Stress
If either partner has any genetic disorder or a family history of a genetic disorder or related child with a birth defect, genetic counseling is recommended to determine the risk of occurrence. Medical tests may be conducted for one or both partners. Other reasons for genetic counseling including habitual abortion (3 or more miscarriages) or previous stillbirth, certain ethnic backgrounds, maternal age over 35, or a previous child with a birth defect.
MoonDragon's Pediatric Information: Down Syndrome
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Birth Defects
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Spina Bifida
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Miscarriage
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Miscarriage, Habitual
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Rh Isoimmunity
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Rhogam Questions
EXPOSURE TO TOXIC MATERIALS
If either partner works with toxic materials or if you live or work in a polluted atmosphere, there may be possible hazards to a pregnancy. Some chemicals, usually in large doses, may possibly be harmful to the ova, to the sperm, or to a developing fetus. Discuss any of these concerns with your midwife or health care provider.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Teratogens
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Chemical Poisoning
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Environmental Toxicity
When possible, both partners should avoid all medications while trying to conceive. There are medications that are linked to birth defects and others that carry unknown risks. If the medication is taken for a chronic condition, talk to your midwife or health care provider about its safety during pregnancy, and what are the treatment options if there are any risks. Potentially harmful drugs should be discontinued at least a month (in some cases, 3 to 6 months) before you try to conceive. Remember that here are no drugs that can be taken during pregnancy that is guaranteed to be absolutely safe (this includes labor drugs). Alternative therapies may be suggested (such as homeopathy, reiki, herbal therapies, naturopathy, acupuncture, etc.) that may be much safer, but still effective.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Medications
CONTRACEPTION METHOD CONCERNS
Your present birth control methods should be evaluated before you are ready to conceive. Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) should be discontinued several months before conception so as to allow at least two regular menstrual cycles to occur. An intrauterine device (IUD) needs to be removed. To be extra safe, the use of spermicides alone or with a condom or diaphragm should be discontinued 1 to 2 months before you want to become pregnant (spermicide risk to a subsequent pregnancy is unclear). As a temporary form of conception, use condoms without a spermicide. See MoonDragon's Contraception Index for more information about your specific birth control method.
Some artificial lubricants can prevent the sperm from reaching the cervix. Saliva may also have a detrimental affect on spermatozoa. Use a lubricant, such as PreSeed, specially formulated to safeguard sperm and assist in conception.
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Anovulation
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Contraception Index
Most women over the age of 35 do experience successful pregnancies. Pregnancy-related complications increase gradually with age, but they are still relatively low. A woman may have more difficulty in conceiving because of decreased fertility. She is also slightly more prone to problems during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes and miscarriage. In addition, the risk of chromosome abnormalities, such as having a child with Down syndrome, is increased. In addition to chromosomal abnormalities, advanced age has been associated with several adverse pregnancy outcomes. Maternal age under 15 years carries some additional risks also.
Questions remain unanswered if advanced paternal age can be linked to any birth defects. There may be some small connection, but medical studies have not demonstrated any specific problems and it is not known at what age a problem might begin. Following conception, if there is concern about the effects of the father's age on the fetus, ask about prenatal tests to determine if they are warranted.
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Birth Defects
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Genetic Screening Procedures
CHRONIC MEDICAL HEALTH CONDITIONS
If you have any chronic medical health condition (e.g., asthma, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, seizure disorder, thyroid disorder), talk to your midwife or health care provider about planning for a pregnancy. Find out how the condition will affect the pregnancy, how the pregnancy will affect the condition, and if any medications you take might affect the pregnancy. The medical condition needs to be under control before you conceive and you must continue good self-care throughout a pregnancy.
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Female Infertility
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Male Infertility
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Hepatitis
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: HIV & AIDS
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Gestational Diabetes Index
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Pregnancy & Diabetes
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Diabetes Overview
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Hypoglycemia
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Asthma
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Asthma
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Seizures
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Epilepsy
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Obesity
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Cardiovascular Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Hyperthyroid Disorder
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Hypothyroid Disorder
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Information: Hypertension
For the mother-to-be, preconception is a good time to consider checking your immune status and possibly bringing any immunizations up to date. Research the pros and cons and your options before obtaining vaccinations. Be a informed consumer.
A tetanus booster is recommended if you have not had one in the past 10 years.
A rubella infection (German measles) during a pregnancy can cause birth defects. If you are unsure about your immunity, ask your midwife or health care provider about a blood test to verify it. If you feel you need to obtain an vaccination, it is recommended to wait 3 months after receiving one before trying to conceive to prevent birth defects to the developing fetus.
You should have immunity against regular measles, either by prior immunization or by having had measles. If unsure, discuss the options with your midwife or health care provider.
If you are at high risk for hepatitis B (usually of a medical work environment where contaminated blood specimens are a potential hazard), immunization may be suggested.
Influenza vaccine may be recommended prior to conception in high-risk women who might become pregnant during flu season.
Varicella vaccine (for chickenpox) is now available and may be considered in women who have not had chickenpox (90 percent of women are immune to chickenpox, even those who do not recall ever having the disorder).
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Vaccination Information
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Rubella Information
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Teratogens Information
Partners who want to conceive need to know the basics of the normal menstrual cycle, the timing of ovulation and the timing of intercourse to accomplish fertilization. Everyone should learn about their bodies and have a basic knowledge level on how babies are made, pregnancy and birth. If there are preconception classes available in your area, consider taking them. If you need prenatal classes, you might want to consider these as well. Parenting classes are good for all new parents without experience taking care of babies and small children. If you are unsure about what is happening to your body physically and need some instruction, discuss it with your midwife or health care provider.
MoonDragon's Conception Information
The Conception Kit™ - Contents & Use
MoonDragon's Womens Contraception Health: Fertility Basics To Achieve or Avoid Pregnancy
MoonDragon's Womens Contraception Health: Menstrual Cycle Information
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Artificial Insemination
PREVIOUS MEDICAL HISTORY
At a pre-pregnancy midwife visit, a medical history for both partners will be discussed. It is useful for the midwife to know about previous disorders including infectious diseases and sexually transmitted diseases in order to determine any possible risks to future pregnancies. The possibility of current or future exposure to infectious disorders is important to know; also any behaviors in either partner that are considered high risk, such as intravenous drug use. Nutrition and dietary habits are usually reviewed and discussed. A nutritional analysis may be done to see where you and your partner need to make changes.
Many women feel it is important to know that they are fertile to allow them the opportunity of planning their life. If you decide that you would like to have a child, you and your partner should have a complete physical by your health care provider. Tell your health care provider that you are trying to get pregnant and ask for any advice that may help you to achieve your goal.
You should have blood work drawn to be tested for viral hepatitis, HIV, and other communicable diseases. You need to have your immunity checked for measles and have your blood type tested, including the Rh factor.
Visit your dentist and make sure all your dental care is up to date. Having dental problems during pregnancy can make things difficult for you and some dentists do not work on pregnant moms.
Because there are so many causes of infertility, in most cases the opinion of a qualified health care provider is needed.
Sperm factors account for approximately 40 percent of all cases of infertility. Some causes of sperm inadequacy (exposure to heat, recent illness, endocrine disorders) may be temporary or reversible, but others are not. Except for artificial insemination, orthodox drug therapy is ineffective in such cases.
Varicoceles are treatable with surgery, and fertility can sometimes be restored.
Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet has enabled some previously sterile men to become fathers. A gluten-free diet has also enabled women who were previously unable to conceive to become pregnant. See Celiac Disease and Gluten-Restricted Diet for more information.
Marijuana and cocaine lower sperm count in men. Avoid these drugs completely.
A deficiency of selenium can lead to sterility in men and infertility in women. See Nutritional Supplements on this page for more information.
The transdermal use of natural progesterone cream may benefit infertile women.
Caffeine consumption may prevent some women from becoming pregnant.
Researchers at Britain's Medical Research Council and Edinburgh University scientists have found a new clue to male infertility: gene defects that interfere with proper sperm production. Located on the Y chromosome, these genes are involved in producing a protein that contributes to fertility. Infertility results when a mutation disrupts its normal functioning. More research may lead to new infertility treatments including gene therapy.
Recent advances in the treatment of infertility have focused on making existing techniques more comfortable, as well as expanding treatments to include people who would not have been candidates in the past. One new development is the use of donor eggs to impregnate women who cannot conceive on their own, whether because of damage to the ovaries, age, or some other factor. This is a controversial procedure, and it is being done in select clinics in the United States. It is also extremely expensive.
The ulcer medications cimetidine (Tagamet) and ranitidine (Zantac) may decrease sperm count and even produce impotence.
If a woman has developed antibodies to her partner's sperm, it may help to have him use a condom for at least 30 days. The sperm antibodies should then decrease, and intercourse without the use of a condom during the time of ovulation may lead to conception.
Conception is more likely if the woman is on the bottom position during intercourse.
Sperm count reaches its highest level after two or three days of abstinence from any sexual activity, but sperm that remains in the body for longer than a month is less effective at fertilizing an egg.
A woman who suffers from pre-menstrual symptoms such as bloating and breast tenderness is probably ovulating, so if she is having difficulty becoming pregnant, the cause probably lies elsewhere.
Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA) stimulates the pituitary gland and sometimes restores fertility to some women who cannot conceive.
More women are waiting to bear children in later reproductive years. However, a woman's fertility begins to decrease when she reaches her thirties.
Procedures known as transcervial balloon tuboplasty (TBT) and selective fallopian tube canalization have roughly 90 percent success rates in removing obstructions of the fallopian tubes. TBT is similar to the artery-clearing technique called angioplasty. A tiny balloon is inserted into the tube by means of a catheter; when the catheter reaches the blockage, the balloon is inflated to stretch and clear the blocked section of the tube. The procedure may be performed in about 15 minutes under either a local or general anesthesia. Because this procedure is relatively non-invasive (no incision required), the risks involved are few. However, there is a chance that a tube may become blocked again. This happens in approximately 20 percent of the women who undergo this procedure. Fallopian tube canalization produces similar results to those of TBT.
Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) may be tried if all other methods have been attempted. These techniques include the following:
- Gamete Intrafallopian Tube Transfer (GIFT). In this technique, eggs and sperm are mixed and put into the fallopian tube immediately, without waiting to see if fertilization has taken place.
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). In this procedure, which may be used if the man has a low sperm count or too many abnormal sperm, the woman is injected with health sperm extracted from the testes.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Here a woman's eggs are fertilized outside the womb and inserted into the uterus. This is usually done if the fallopian tubes are blocked.
- Zygote Intrafallopian Tube Transfer (ZIFT). Eggs and sperm are combined, and if an egg is fertilized, it is inserted in the fallopian tube.
A University of Michigan study indicated that intense exercise may result in a drop in the production of hormones involved in potency, fertility, and sex drive.
A study conducted at the University of Washington in Seattle found that stress may contribute to infertility. Researchers found that women with hormonal problems also reported less emotional support (close friends or family). The results suggest that stress resulting from a lack of emotional support may affect the hormones involved in fertility.
Your health care provider must get your consent before performing diagnostic tests to determine the cause of infertility. There may be risks involved any time you penetrate the body using a tube, needle, or viewing instrument, or expose the body to the radiation, drugs, anesthetics, and dye materials used in certain imaging techniques. The risks of any given procedure vary depending on your age and health status, and the skill of the practitioner. Be thoroughly informed about any test or procedure before you consent to having it performed on you.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Pregnancy & Dental Care
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: HIV & AIDS
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Hepatitis
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Rh Isoimmunity
MoonDragon's Lab Test Information: Blood Typing & Incompatibilities
MoonDragon's Health Information: Female Infertility
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Male Infertility
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Anovulation
Be sure you and your partner discuss the financial responsibilities involved (not only the expenses for a pregnancy and birth, but the costs involved with rearing a child). Review any health insurance you have to verify coverage for childbirth, especially important if planning a homebirth with a midwife. Many insurances do not cover out-of-hospital births, which includes birth center and homebirths. Ideally, you should try to have the financial resources available to pay the expected expenses for prenatal care and delivery if not covered by insurance.
If both partners work now, will the mother return to work following the birth, and if not what is the financial impact on the family income and lifestyle? If both parents plan to work after the child is born, consider the cost of daycare (unless a family member will provide it). Both partners need to check with their workplace about maternity leave and whether or not they qualify for this program.
EDUCATION FOR PREGNANCY & CHILDBIRTH
To help prepare you and your partner for the parents-to-be experience, read one or more reference books about pregnancy, childbirth, childbirth options, and care of a newborn before you plan to conceive. There are a variety of excellent books available on these subjects. Check with your midwife about loan-out books she may recommend and have available to her birthing clients or check with your local library, bookstores or borrow books from family or friends who have gone through a pregnancy. The information in the books will provide you with an overall perspective of the experience, lessen your confusion, give you reassurance and answer many of your questions.
MoonDragon's Library: Recommended Books & Educational Materials
Childbirth preparation classes are available in many communities or may be taught by your midwife in addition to her midwifery care. These are a valuable source of information for expectant parents, particularly for learning ways to cope with labor and birth. Classes also give you an opportunity to meet other couples with whom you may discuss anxieties and concerns. Classes may be conducted by the hospital, community organizations or by individual instructors. Not all classes are alike. Research them before attending. If you are planning a homebirth, you may be very dissatisfied with a hospital class which teaches about drug medications, cesareans and normal hospital interventions. It is better to attend classes geared toward your chosen method of birthing.
NOTIFY YOUR MIDWIFE OR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
If you or your family member has questions or concerns about preparing for pregnancy. If you need to make a medical appointment for you and your partner for a physical examination.
FERTILITY & RELATED SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products for male, female and couple infertility, the inability for a couple to achieve conception after one year of unprotected intercourse. Supplements are also included for impotence, also known as erectile dysfunction (ED). Products listed below are for male and female sexual dysfunction and increased libido (sexual drive).
Alive Multivitamin Supplement Products Amino Acid Complex Products Arginine Supplement Products Ashwagandha Herbal Products Astragalus Herbal Products Bee Pollen Supplement Products Beta Carotene Products Bioflavonoid Supplement Products Carotene Complex Products Chamomile Herbal Products Choline Supplement Products Chromium Supplement Products Conception Products Cysteine Supplement Products Damiana Herbal Products Dandelion Herbal Products 7 Keto DHEA Supplement Products Dong Quai Herbal Products DMG Supplement Products EFA (Essental Fatty Acids) Products Egyptian Blue Lotus Herbal Products Enzyme Complex Products False Unicorn Herbal Products Female Infertility Books Fish & Salmon Oil Products Folic Acid Supplement Products Gerovital Supplements Products GH3 Supplement Products Ginger Herbal Products Ginkgo Biloba Herbal Products Ginseng Herbal Products Ginseng-Panax Herbal Products Ginseng-Eleuthero Herbal Products Gotu Kola Herbal Products Horny Goat Weed herbal Products Infertility Products Iron Supplement Products Kyolic EPA Products Lecithin Supplement Products Licorice Herbal Products Liver Glandular Products Lobelia Herbal Products Maca Herbal Products Male Infertility Books Manganese Herbal Products
Meadowsweet Herbal Products Methionine Supplement Products Molybdenum Supplement Products Motherwort Herbal Products Muira Puama Herbal Products Multimineral Supplement Products Multivitamin Supplement Products Oat & Oatstraw Herbal Products Octacosanol Supplement Products Orchic Glandular Products Ovarian Glandular Products PABA Supplement Products Passionflower Herbal Products Phosphatidyl Choline Products Prenatal Vitamin Products Prenatal Omega-3 DHA Products PreSeed Products Progesterone Products Pumpkin Herbal Products Red Raspberry Herbal Products Rhodiola Herbal Products Royal Jelly Supplement Products SAM-e Products Sarsaparilla Herbal Products Saw Palmetto Herbal Products Selenium Supplement Products Sexual Libido Products Shilajit Herbal Products Squawvine Herbal Products Stomach Peace TCM Products Tongkat Ali Herbal Products Tribulus Herbal Products Tyrosine Supplement Products Vitamin A Supplements Products Vitamin B-5 Supplement Products Vitamin B-6 Supplement Products Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products Vitamin B-Complex Products Vitamin C Supplement Products Vitamin E Supplement Products Wheat Germ Herbal Products Wheat Germ Oil Herbal Products Wild Yam Herbal Products Yohimbe Herbal Products Zinc Products
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
Amazon: Conception Products
Amazon: Fertility Products
FEMALE INFERTILITY BOOKS
GEROVITAL (GH-3, GH-7, GH-9) SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Gerovital Aids in proper brain function, promotes alertness and increased energy. Do not use this product if you are allergic to sulfites. GH-3 is the world-famous anti-aging formula discovered by the Romanian gerontologist Dr. Ana Aslan, and given to tens of thousands in the form of shots and pills since the mid-1960's at her Spa in Bucharest. One of GH-3's main actions is an anti-depressant effect, felt as a mild euphoria by many. In recent years GH-3 has been found to have a definite cortisol-inhibiting effect, which may help to explain its apparent rejuvenative effects experienced by so many over the past 50 years. GH-3 is known to be a safe and effective supplement. GH-7 and GH-9 are also trusted anti-aging therapy supplements of choice of the rich and famous in over 70 countries.
Amazon: Gerovital H3 Evolution, Anti-Aging Cream Intensive Restructuring With SOD (The Anti-Aging Super Enzyme) 45-Plus+
Genuine Gerovital Cream, bio-mimetic ingredients with high reconstructive powers. Anti-aging cream with highly efficient, innovating formula, specially created for mature skins. With anti-aging super-enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD). The anti-wrinkle system superoxide dismutase, trylagen, GP4G - ensures the pure energy needed by the cells, antioxidant protection and renewal of collagen.
Amazon: Gerovital H3 Evolution, Perfect Anti-Aging Serum With SOD (The Anti-Aging Super-Enzyme) 45-Plus
Nutrition Basics: Gerovital (GH-3, GH-7. GH-9) Supplement Information
INFERTILITY SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Infertility herbal support extracts and combination blends are organic herb supplements that has been developed to help increase female fertility.
HerbsPro: Infertility Natural Treatments, Woodland Publishing, 32 Page Booklet (90172)
HerbsPro: Infertility Overcoming Naturally, Woodland Publishing, 141 Page Booklet (90716)
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
Herbal blend of false unicorn root and lobelia herb in structured water and grain alcohol.
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Non-Alcoholic, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Non-Alcoholic, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Health & Herbs,16 fl oz: HH
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Non-Alcoholic, Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
Kalyx: Infertility Support Extract, Health & Herbs, 32 fl oz: HH
Amazon: Infertility Products
Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements Information
MALE INFERTILITY BOOKS & PRODUCTS
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
MOONDRAGON'S MERCHANT VENDORS & PRODUCTS
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