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MoonDragon's ObGyn Womens Health Information
VAGINITIS, TRICHOMONAL
(Trichomoniasis, Trichomonas vaginalis)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.




BASIC INFORMATION


DESCRIPTION

trichomonal parasite
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is sometimes called Trichomonas infection or trich (pronounced "trick"). Trich should be treated to prevent transmitting this STD to others and to prevent complications if you are pregnant. Trichomoniasis is the most common curable STD in young, sexually active women. An estimated 5 to 8 million new cases occur each year in women and men, with an estimated rate of asymptomatic cases as high as 50 percent. The WHO has estimated that 180 million infections are acquired annually worldwide.

Infection or inflammation of the vagina caused by a single-celled anaerobic protozoan trichomoniasis vaginalis parasite that lives in the lower genitourinary tract. It is very contagious between sexual partners. The disorder involves the vagina, urethra and bladder in women. The vagina is the most common site of infection in women. In men, it affects the prostate gland and urethra. The urethra (urine canal) is the most common site of infection in men.

Trichomonas infection is transmitted by having unprotected sex with an infected partner. The parasite is sexually transmitted through penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva (the genital area outside the vagina) contact with an infected partner. Women can acquire the disease from infected men or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women. Many women and most men do not have any symptoms of trich. If symptoms develop, they usually appear within 1 week of being infected, but can develop from 1 to 6 months after being infected. Trich should be treated to prevent transmitting this STD to others and to prevent complications if you are pregnant.

In rare cases, it may be possible to get trich by coming in contact with an object (such as a wet towel) that a person who has trich has just used. The Trichomonas organism cannot live on objects for long, so trich is not usually spread this way.

Trichomoniasis may be transmitted from a mother to her baby during a vaginal delivery, but this is rare.

There is no cyst in the life cycle, so transmission is via the trophozoite stage only. Most people infected with trichomoniasis are asymptomatic. It is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases in man. 30 to 50 percent of all women in western countries may be infected. In males the infection normally does not lead to any symptoms, while in females this may lead to an increased secretion, characterized by a white discharge from the genital tract and itching. Diagnosis depends on finding trophozoites in secretions of the genital tract from men or women. In cases where the numbers of organisms are very low, the trophozoites can be cultured to increase their numbers.

Trichomonas vaginalis is a facultative anaerobic protozoan parasite that has no mitochondria or peroxisomes. Trichomoniasis is treated with metronidazole (Flagyl). The drug is reduced inside the parasite by the enzyme hydrogenase located in typical organelles called hydrogenosomes. When the drug reacts with traces of oxygen present in the organism it forms oxygen radicals that rapidly kill the parasite. Metronidazole is also used for the treatment of Giardia and Entamoeba infections and for infections by some anaerobic bacteria.

trichomoniasis parasite

A trophozite of Trichomonas vaginalis from culture. The four flagella and single nucleus are visible. The dark median rod is the axostyle which is characteristic of the trichomonads; approximate size = 26 µm.
trichomoniasis parasite trophozoite





FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

About 50 percent of women infected with trichomoniasis and 90 percent of infected men do not have symptoms. If symptoms develop, they usually appear within 1 week of being infected. Symptoms can develop from 1 to 6 months after being infected. The severity of discomfort varies greatly from woman to woman and from time to time in the same woman. Symptoms can be worse during pregnancy or right before or after a menstrual period.

SYMPTOMS IN WOMEN

Symptoms in women include:
  • Large amounts of pale yellow or gray-green, strongly foul-smelling (musty odor), sometimes frothy or foamy vaginal discharge that is most noticeable several days after a menstrual period.


  • Vaginal itching, irritation, and pain.


  • Patchy redness of the genitals, including vaginal lips (labia) and vagina.


  • Frequent, painful urination (dysuria), if urine touches inflamed tissue.


  • Red, inflamed cervix (strawberry cervix).


  • Pain with sexual intercourse even if you use a lubricant such as K-Y Jelly or Astroglide.


  • Discomfort in the lower abdomen. This is not a common symptom of trichomoniasis and may mean another problem is present.


  • Symptoms usually appear in women within 5 to 28 days of exposure.

trichomonal vaginitis
Trichomonal Vaginitis
trichomonal discharge
Trichomonal Discharge


SYMPTOMS IN MEN

Infected men may have no symptoms. However, if they do, symptoms in men include:
  • Abnormal discharge from the penis.


  • Irritation and redness of the tip of the penis and inside the penis (the urethra).


  • Burning feeling with and after urination or ejaculation.

Trichomonas and other sexually transmitted diseases can have similar symptoms.





CAUSES

Infection from a tiny one-cell protozoan parasite, Trichomoniasis vaginalis. The parasite passes from person to person during sexual intercourse. It may live in its host for years without producing symptoms. Then, perhaps from altered resistance, it will suddenly multiply rapidly and cause distressing symptoms. Since it thrives in both the male and female, both sexual partners must receive treatment.

In women, trich organisms usually infect the vagina, urethra, cervix, bladder, and other glands in the genital area, such as Bartholin's and Skene's glands. In men, infections develop in the urethra or under the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis.

PROTEIN FUNCTION

T. vaginalis also has many enzymes that catalyze a number of reactions making the organism relevant to the study of protein function. T. vaginalis lacks mitochondria and other necessary enzymes and cytochromes to conduct oxidative phosphorylation. T. vaginalis obtains nutrients by transport through the cell membrane and by phagocytosis. The organism is able to maintain energy requirements by the use of a small amount of enzymes to provide energy via glycolysis of glucose to glycerol and succinate in the cytoplasm, followed by further conversion of pyruvate and malate to hydrogen and acetate in an organelle called the hydrogenosome.

MORPHOLOGY

The T. vaginalis trophozoite is oval as well as flagellated. Five flagella arise near the cytosome; four of these immediately extend outside the cell together, while the fifth flagellum wraps backwards along the surface of the organism. The functionality of the fifth flagellum is not known. In addition, a conspicuous barb-like axostyle projects opposite the four-flagella bundle; the axostyle may be used for attachment to surfaces and may also cause the tissue damage noted in trichomoniasis infections.

While T. vaginalis does not have a cyst form, organisms can survive for up to 24 hours in urine, semen, or even water samples. Combined with an ability to persist on fomites with a moist surface for 1 to 2 hours, T. vaginalis is among the most durable protozoan trophozites.





RISK INCREASES WITH

trichomonal strawberry cervix
Behaviors that will increase your risk of getting trich include:
  • Not using condoms when having sex with a new partner or a partner who may have been exposed to an STD. It is possible for a partner to transmit the trich organism without having any symptoms of the infection.


  • Having many sex partners, which increases your risk of being exposed to someone who has trich.


  • Teenagers and young adults are at higher risk for getting trich and other STDs because their sex partners often have had other recent partners who may carry an STD. Sexually active women from ages 16 to 35 are most affected by trichomoniasis. It is thought that 1 in 5 women in this age group will become infected at some time.


  • People can get other STDs at the same time they get a Trichomonas infection. If one STD is diagnosed, testing for other STDs should be done so that all infections can be treated at the same time.
    • 30 to 50 percent of women with trich also have gonorrhea.
    • 15 percent of women with trich also have chlamydia.
    • Some STDs, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, are life-threatening. Studies show that Trichomonas infection may increase the risk of HIV transmission by 2 to 4 times. Health professionals around the world are concerned about the increased risk of trichomoniasis and HIV.

  • Women with trich may also be at risk for other vaginal infections. About 20 percent of women with trich also have a yeast infection.





PREVENTIVE MEASURES

  • The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases is to abstain from sexual contact, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.


  • Latex male condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of trichomoniasis.


  • Any genital symptom such as discharge or burning during urination or an unusual sore or rash should be a signal to stop having sex and to consult a health care provider immediately. If you are told you have trichomoniasis (or any other STD) and receive treatment, you should notify all of your recent sex partners so that they can see a health care provider and be treated. Sex partners need treatment even if they have no symptoms. This will reduce the risk that your partners will develop complications from trichomoniasis and will reduce your risk of becoming re-infected. Do not have sex until both you and your sex partners complete your treatment for trichomoniasis and have no symptoms.





  • EXPECTED OUTCOME

  • Usually curable with treatment.





  • POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS

  • Secondary bacterial infections.


  • The genital inflammation caused by trichomoniasis can increase a woman's susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus. Having trichomoniasis also increases the chances that an HIV-infected woman can pass HIV to her sex partners.


  • Pregnant women with trichomoniasis may have babies who are born early (premature) or with low birth weight (less than five pounds).




  • TREATMENT


    GENERAL MEASURES

    trichomonal stained slide


    MEDICAL HISTORY & EXAMINATION

    Your medical history, which will include questions about your sexual history and practices. Diagnostic tests may include laboratory blood studies, examination of vagina and culture of the vaginal discharge. Pap smear and pelvic examination. The parasite is harder to detect in men than in women.

    trichomoniasis labial infection trichomoniasis genital infection


    External Exam showing a labial and genital trichomoniasis infection.


    trichomoniasis cervical infection trichomoniasis cervical infection


    Internal Exam: Note the "Frothy" Discharge seen around the cervix.


    THE PHYSICAL EXAMINATION:
    • For women, this will include a visual exam of the genitals, vagina, or cervix to detect patchy red spots (small red ulcerations) that are caused by trichomoniasis. These sores (ulcerations) can be seen on the vaginal wall, cervix and/or on the inner folds of the labia. Any vaginal discharge will be assessed for color, odor, and texture. A sample of discharge is taken for a wet mount test.


    • For men, this will include a visual exam of the penis and a sample of discharge from the urethra.

    DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

    Tests to identify the trich organism include:
    trichomonal parasite on wet mount microscopic slide
    • The most common test is a wet mount. The microscopic exam using the Wet mount identifies trich 60 to 70 percent of the time.

    Other tests available but less commonly used include:
    • Culture. A culture has greater sensitivity than microscopic examination. It identifies trich over 95 percent of the time but is not often needed because a physical exam and wet mount adequately identify trich.


    • Molecular Assay - DNA probe test, which detects genetic material (DNA) of the Trichomonas organism. This test is rarely needed to identify trich and is usually available only in research studies.

    People can get other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) at the same time they get a Trichomonas infection. If one STD is diagnosed, testing for other STDs should be done so that all infections can be treated at the same time.

    The Trichomonas organism may also be identified on a routine Pap test that is being done as part of a regular gynecologic (pelvic) exam.

    CLINICAL ASPECTS OF TRICH

    Trichomoniasis can occur in females (males rarely exhibit any symptoms of a T. vaginalis infection) if the normal acidity of the vagina is shifted from a healthy, semi-acidic pH (3.8 - 4.2) to a much more basic one (5 - 6) that is conducive to T. vaginalis growth. Some of the symptoms of T. vaginalis include: preterm delivery, low birth weight, and increased mortality as well as predisposing to HIV infection, AIDS, and cervical cancer. T. vaginalis has also been reported in the urinary tract, fallopian tubes, and pelvis and can cause pneumonia, bronchitis, and oral lesions. Other symptoms include inflammation with increasing number of organisms, greenish-yellow frothy vaginal secretions and itching.

    T. vaginalis can be detected by studying discharge or with a pap smear and culturing. With a pap smear, infected individuals would have a transparent "halo" around their superficial cell nucleus. T. vaginalis is diagnosed via a wet mount, in which "corkscrew" motility can be observed. Condoms are effective at preventing infection.

    Metronidazole or tinidazole can treat an infection in progress, and should be prescribed to sexual partners as well.

    CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT

    Trichomoniasis (trich) is treated with an oral medication called metronidazole in a single dose or multiple doses. See Medication below for more information.

    Other treatment recommendations include:
    • Both sexual partners require simultaneous treatment. The symptoms of trichomoniasis in infected men may disappear within a few weeks without treatment. However, an infected man, even a man who has never had symptoms or whose symptoms have stopped, can continue to infect a female partner until he has been treated. Therefore, both partners should be treated at the same time to eliminate the parasite. Persons being treated for trichomoniasis should avoid sex until they and their sex partners complete treatment and have no symptoms.


    • Do not douche unless prescribed for you. Douching should be avoided because it does not help relieve symptoms.


    • Wear cotton underpants or pantyhose with a cotton crotch.


    • Take showers instead of tub baths.


    • If urinating causes burning: Urinate through a tubular device, such as a toilet paper roll or plastic cup with the bottom cut out or pour a cup of warm water over the genital area while you urinate.


    • Do not sit around in wet clothing, especially in a wet bathing suit.


    • Trich is not usually transmitted by contact with objects but it is important to avoid sharing objects (such as a washcloth or wet towel) that another person with trich may have used.


    • It is safe for a woman to use tampons while she has a trich infection, but it may be uncomfortable.


    • There is no home treatment recommended for treating trichomoniasis infection. Surgery is not done to treat trichomoniasis.





    MEDICATION

    Metronidazole (Flagyl) is usually prescribed for you and your sexual partner or partners in pill, tablet or capsule form. Follow directions carefully. Oral (by mouth) metronidazole is taken either as a single dose (2 grams) or as multiple doses (500 mg) 2 times a day for 7 days. The cure rate in treating trich using oral metronidazole is 90 to 95 percent. Metronidazole vaginal suppositories or creams are not recommended because oral metronidazole is much more effective. Vaginal medications cure trichomoniasis in about 50 percent of cases. Vaginal medications are not effective in treating trichomoniasis in areas other than the vagina and cervix. Metronidazole vaginal gel, which is used to treat bacterial vaginosis, is not recommended by the CDC for treatment of trichomoniasis.

    Treatment of sex partners increases the cure rate and reduces the possibility of further transmission or reinfection. Sexual intercourse should be avoided during treatment until symptoms have gone away.

    People who are infected with HIV receive the same treatment for trich as those who are HIV-negative.

    Do not drink alcohol or use vinegar when you take metronidazole. Alcohol or vinegar and metronidazole interact to cause a violent reaction with nausea, vomiting, sweating, weakness and other symptoms.

    TRICHOMIASIS & PREGNANCY

    Trichomoniasis during pregnancy increases the risk of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and premature delivery. Treating the infection does not appear to reduce this risk.

    The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that a single oral dose of 2 grams metronidazole can be taken by a pregnant woman with symptoms of trich at any time in the pregnancy. Vaginal suppositories and creams are not as effective in curing trich, but they will reduce the discomfort and swelling in the genital area.

    FOLLOW-UP & RE-TREATMENT

    No follow-up is needed if symptoms go away. It is possible to get trich again so it is important to take measures to reduce your risk for trich and other STDs.

    If symptoms persist, re-treatment with metronidazole 500 mg twice a day for 7 days is recommended.

    If treatment fails again, metronidazole 2 grams once a day for 3 to 5 days is recommended.

    If treatment fails after this and you have not been reinfected, further testing may be done to determine the cause of your symptoms. It is possible to have a strain of trich that is resistant to the antibiotic metronidazole. High-dose tinidazole has been used for these metronidazole-resistant trich organisms and is as effective as metronidazole in curing trich, though it is not currently available in the United States.

    Having trichomoniasis once does not protect a person from getting it again. Following successful treatment, people can still be susceptible to re-infection.

    OTHER TREATMENT OPTIONS

    Metronidazole vaginal suppositories or creams are not recommended because oral metronidazole is much more effective. Vaginal medications cure trich in about 50 percent of cases. Vaginal medications are not effective in treating trich in areas other than the vagina and cervix.

    Metronidazole vaginal gel, which is used to treat bacterial vaginosis, is not recommended by the CDC for treatment of trich.

    There are many reasons to treat trich. Trich can be treated to:
    • Reduce symptoms.
    • Prevent spreading it to others. Some people can carry the organism but not have symptoms, so it is important to practice safe sex and have sex partners treated.
    • Reduce the risk of pelvic infections, which may lead to the inability to become pregnant (infertility).
    • Reduce the risk of infection after any pelvic surgery.



    Paromomycin May Cure Treatment-Resistant Vaginal Trichomoniasis


    PHILADELPHIA, PA -- May 1, 1998 --

    As reported in this month's issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, a study led by Dr. Paul Nyirjesy, director of Temple University Vaginitis Referral Center, has resulted in a second line of defence for the treatment of vaginal trichomoniasis. This study has confirmed the effectiveness of the antibiotic paromomycin in curing difficult-to-treat cases.

    Vaginal trichomoniasis is a common infection, affecting an estimated three million women annually. Flagyl (metronidazole) has been the only approved treatment in the United States for years. It continues to be very effective in treating more than 95 percent of cases. However, there are these challenging medical situations where women do not respond to the treatment, even at higher doses.

    This study is the largest to date and the only one to find a cure for treatment-resistant vaginal trichomoniasis. Nine patients -- four who were allergic to metronidazole and five whose infections were resistant to it -- took part in the study. The paromomycin cream was applied topically for two weeks. The result: six women were cured with the paromomycin cream alone and a seventh was cured with a combination of the cream and an antibiotic which had previously failed.

    "The major impact of paromomycin cream is that it presents an effective, alternative treatment option for women with hard-to-treat vaginal trichomoniasis," Nyirjesy said.

    http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/345/7/487
    NEJM: Failure of Metronidazole to Prevent Preterm Delivery among Pregnant Women with Asymptomatic Trichomoniasis





    ACTIVITY

  • Avoid overexertion, heat and excessive sweating. Delay sexual relations until you are well. Allow about 10 days for recovery.





  • DIET

  • No special diet instructions except those involving alcohol and vinegar (see medications).


  • In addition to your daily supplements, take the following recommended supplements.


  • TRICHOMONIASIS SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Information, supplements and products for Trichomonas vaginalis, a flagellated protozoan, causes trichomoniasis, an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina in females and the urethra in males.


  • Vitamin C: 1,000 mg daily.


  • VITAMIN C & BIOFLAVONOID PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Powder, Pure, Nutricology, 1000 mg, 120 Grams
    Kalyx: Vitamin C, Pure, Nutricology, 1000 mg, 100 Caps
    Kalyx: HerbaLozenges Orange C, Zand, 125 mg, 15 Per Bag
    Kalyx: Gummy Vitamin C Slices, Rainbow Light, 30 Single Serve Packets
    Kalyx: Fruit Snacks, 100% Vitamin C, Farley's & Sathers Candy Co., 5 lbs.
    Kalyx: Ester- C Powder With Citrus Bioflavonoids, American Health, 8 oz.
    Kalyx: Ester-C Liquid, American Health, 8 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Ester-C Advanced Antioxidant Formula, American Health, 90 Vegetarian Tabs
    Kalyx: Ester-C Chewable Wafers, American Health, 250 mg, 125 Wafers
    HerbsPro: Maxi-C Complex Vitamin C, Country Life, 1000 mg, 180 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Ascorbic Acid Powder (Vitamin C), NOW Foods, 3 lbs.
    TakeHerb: Ascorbate C Powder, TwinLab, 2000 mg, 8 oz.
    TakeHerb: Liquid C With Rose Hips, Good'n Natural, 300 mg, 4 oz.
    TakeHerb: Alive! Organic Vitamin C Powder, Made With Organic Fruit, Nature's Way, 120 grams
    TakeHerb: Vitamin C-500 Complex With Bioflavonoids, Acerola & RoseHips, NOW Foods, 100 Tabs

  • Vitamin E: 400 IU daily.


  • VITAMIN E PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Vitamin E One Grand, Thompson Nutritional, 1000 IU, 30 Softgels
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Vitamin E Oil, Mixed Tocopherols, GMO Free, Kosher Certified, 7500 IU per oz., 2 oz. to 1 gallon
    TakeHerb: Natural Vitamin E Oil, Good'n Natural, 30000 IU, 2.5 oz.
    Kalyx: Vitamin E One Grand, Thompson Nutritional, 1000 IU, 30 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Good'n Natural, 1000 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate, NOW Foods, 600 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Natural Dry Vitamin E, Country Life, 400 IU, 100 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Dry, 100% Natural, TwinLab, 400 IU, 100 Caps
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, D-Alpha Tocopherol, Source Naturals, 400 IU, 250 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Mixed Alpha Tocopherol, Solgar, 400 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Natural With Mixed Tocopherols, Enzymatic Therapy, 400 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, D-Alpha Tocopherol, Source Naturals, 200 IU, 250 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Mixed Tocopherols, Solgar, 200 IU, 250 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Dry Alpha Tocopherol, Solgar, 200 IU, 100 VCaps
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate, Natural, 21st Century, 200 IU, 110 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin E, Mixed Tocopherols, Solgar, 100 IU, 250 Softgels

  • Vitamin A & Beta Carotene: 10,000 IU daily.


  • VITAMIN A PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Vitamin A & D, TwinLab Allergy D, 10,000 IU / 400 IU, 100 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A, Nature's Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A, Nature's Life, 10,000 IU, 250 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A, Nature's LIfe, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A & D-3, BlueBonnet, 25,000 I.U. / 1000 I.U., 100Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A Suppositories, Wise Woman Herbal, 10 Count
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A Suppositories, Wise Woman Herbal, 30 Count
    House of Nutrition: Solaray's Emulsified Dry Vitamin A, 25,000 IU, 60 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Thompson's Nutritional Vitamin A & D Fish Liver Oil, 10,000 IU / 400 IU, 30 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A Palmitate, Carlson Lab, 15,000 IU, 120 Gels
    House of Nutrition: Vitamin A, BlueBonnet, 1000 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin A, NOW Foods, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Vitamin A, Nature's Way, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels


    CAROTENOID COMPLEX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, Thompson Nutritional, 25,000 IU, 30 Softgels
    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, Schiff, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels
    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, FoodScience Laboratories, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels
    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, Thompson Nutritional, 25,000 IU, 30 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Carotenoid Complex, Country Life, 60 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Biochem Phyto-Nutrient Carotenoid Complex, Country Life, 60 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: Carotenoid Complex, Pharmax, 60 Caps
    TakeHerb: Advanced Carotenoid Complex, Solgar, 60 Softgels
    TakeHerb: LycoPom, New Chapter, 60 VCaps
    TakeHerb: NAT Beta Carotene, NOW Foods, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels
    TakeHerb: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels

  • Colloida Silver Supplement: Silver Biotics™ is the only patented colloidal silver on the market. The reason for this is that it has been proven to be so effective that it reaches far beyond any previous silver products. Silver Biotics was approved for patent by the United States Patent Agency. In recent tests conducted by Brigham Young University Microbiology Laboratory, Silver Biotics has been shown to have a greater affect on the immune system than other colloidal silver products. Suggested Use: Adults: Take up to 1 teaspoon up to 3 times daily. Children: 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon daily. Warning: If you are pregnant, nursing or have an allergic reaction to trace minerals or if you have any chronic or re-occurring symptoms or illness, consult a healthcare professional before using this product. This product is non-toxic and non-addictive with no known side effects.


  • COLLOIDAL SILVER - SILVER BIOTICS SUPPLEMENT

    Silver Biotics is a patented Silver Supplement offering immune system support and maintaining a strong immune system. Contains purified water and purified silver 10 ppm. A natural solution for Silver Biotics was tested by researchers and was found to kill every strain of bacteria that it was tested against and that these bacteria, many of which have become resistant to antibiotics, cause many human ailments.

    HerbsPro: Silver Biotics, Ultimate Immune System Support, SilverBiotics / American Biotech Lab, 8 oz.
    HerbsPro: Silver Biotics, Ultimate Immune System Support, SilverBiotics / American Biotech Lab, 16 oz.


    COLLOIDAL SILVER PRODUCTS

    Colloidal Silver is a natural antibiotic. Can be used internally and externally. Silver is a powerful, natural, prophylactic / antibiotic, used for thousands of years. Ancient Greeks lined their eating and drinking vessels with silver, as did many other cultures throughout the world. The presence of Colloidal Silver near a virus, fungus, bacterium or any other single celled pathogen disables its oxygen metabolism enzyme, its chemical lung, so to say. Within a few minutes, the pathogen suffocates and dies, and is cleared out of the body by the immune, lymphatic and elimination systems. Unlike pharmaceutical antibiotics which destroy beneficial enzymes, Colloidal Silver leaves these tissue-cell enzymes intact, as they are radically different from the enzymes of primitive single-celled life. Thus Colloidal Silver is absolutely safe for humans, reptiles, plants and all multi-celled living matter. Colloidal Silver is the result of an electro-magnetic process that pulls microscopic particles from a larger piece of silver into a liquid, such as water. These microscopic particles can more easily penetrate and travel throughout the body. Colloidal Silver works as a catalyst, disabling the enzyme that all one- celled bacteria, fungi and viruses use for their oxygen metabolism. In short, the bad guys suffocate. Unlike with antibiotics, resistant strains have never been known to develop. In fact, antibiotics are only effective against perhaps a dozen forms of bacteria and fungi, but never viruses. Because no known disease causing organism can live in the presence of even minute traces of the chemical element of metallic silver, Colloidal Silver is effective against more than 650 different disease- causing pathogens. In addition it also has veterinary uses, such as for canine parvo virus. You will also find Colloidal Silver very handy in the garden and bathroom since it can be used against bacterial, fungal and viral attacks on plants and humans. Spray diluted Colloidal Silver on plant leaves, and add to soil water. Colloidal Silver gets quickly to the body cells. Keep a spray bottle of it in the bathroom for feet, hands and face. Swishing the solution under the tongue briefly before swallowing ensures fast absorption. In three to four days the silver will have accumulated in the tissues sufficiently for benefits to begin. Since Colloidal Silver is eliminated by the kidneys, lymph system and bowel after three weeks, a regular daily intake is recommended as a protection against dangerous pathogens. In cases of minor burns, an accumulation of Colloidal Silver can hasten healing, reducing scar tissue and infection and topically it will remove pain and speed healing. The lives of millions of people susceptible to chronic low-grade infections can be enhanced by this powerful preventative health measure. Taken orally, the silver solution is absorbed from the mouth into the bloodstream, then transported quickly to the body cells. Swishing the solution under the tongue briefly before swallowing ensures fast absorption. In three to four days the silver will have accumulated in the tissues sufficiently for benefits to begin.

    Kalyx: Colloidal Silver Water, Health & Herbs, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Colloidal Silver, Olympian Labs, Purified Silver & Purified Water, 50 mcg, 8 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Ionic Colloidal Silver, Immune System Support, Peaceful Mountain, 6 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Silva Solution Pro-50 Super Strength Liquid Silver, Trimedica, 8 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Silva Solution Potentized Liquid Silver, Trimedica, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Colloidal Silver, Futurebiotics Advanced, Electroprocessed & Chemical Free, 4 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Silver 100 Ionic Silver Complex, Invision International, 0.5 oz.
    HerbsPro: Silver 100 Dropper, Invision International, 100 PPM, 2 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Colloidal Silver, Amino Acid & Botanical Supply, 1100 PPM, 4 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Ultra Colloidal Silver Liquid, Source Naturals, 10 ppm, 8 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Silver Biotics, Ultimate Immune System Support, American Biotech Labs, 16 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Wellness Colloidal Silver, Source Naturals, 30 ppm, 8 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Colloidal Silver, Quantum Herbal, 15-20 ppm, 8 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Colloidal Silver, A Natural Antibiotic, Health Herbs, 16 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Ultra Colloidal Silver Salve, Topical Form, Source Naturals, 10 ppm, 2 oz.
    TakeHerb: Silva Solution Lozenge, Trimedica, 30 Lozenges
    TakeHerb: Colloidal Silver Soap, Heritage Products, 3.5 oz.


    COLLOIDAL SILVER & OXYGEN PRODUCTS

    Oxygen with Colloidal Silver in offers a detoxifying solution with the great tastes of Mountain Berries, Orange Pineapple or in Plain flavors. Get a blast of liquid oxygen safely and quickly into your bloodstream without the medicinal taste and aftereffects of conventional oxygen cylinders. Combined with the anti-bacterial qualities of colloidal silver, this delicious OxyLife product can provide you instant energy while destroying bacteria, viruses and fungi that you might have been exposed to. Perfect for working out, Oxygen with Colloidal Silver has also been known to help with chronic Candidiasis (yeast infections) and Fibromyalgia. Eliminate toxins in the body and recover up to fifty percent faster from injury, stress and strenuous exercise while keeping the body free of toxins, viruses and harmful bacteria. This revolutionary product from Oxylife can help you breathe better and ahve more energy while working out and going about your daily activities..

    Kalyx: Oxygen & Colloidal Silver With Aloe Vera, Anti-Microbial Immune Booster, Mountain Berry, Oxylife Products, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oxygen & Colloidal Silver, Anti-Microbial Immune System Booster, Plain Flavor, Oxylife Products, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oxygen & Colloidal Silver, Anti-Microbial Immune System Booster, Orange-Pineapple Flavor, Oxylife Products, 16 fl. oz.





    VENEREAL DISEASE SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Supplements and products for venereal diseases (VD) (From Venus, Goddess of love in Roman mythology), sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that are passed on during sexual intercourse or other intimate contact with the sex organs. The two most common types of STDs are gonorrhea and syphilis. However there are many other STDs. They include chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinal, genital herpes, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, genital worts, AIDS., See specific sexually transmitted disease for specific descriptions and treatments.



    ACIDOPHILUS & BIFIDUS PRODUCTS

    Acidophilus is effective in maintaining "good" bacteria in the body during antibiotic use. If taking antibiotics, include unsweetened or naturally sweetened yogurt in diet. Antibiotics will kill all bacteria, good and bad in the digestive tract. The active culure yogurt and acidophilus-bifidus supplements help replace the good bacteria needed for proper digestion.

    Starwest Botanicals: Acidophilus, 5 Billion Per Gram, 1 lb.
    Kalyx: Acidophilus & Bifidus, Lactose Free, Nature's Answer, 100 mg / 100 mg, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Acidophilus, Milk-Free, Schiff, 1 Billion CFU, 100 Caplets
    Kalyx: Acidophilus, Milk-Free, Schiff, 1 Billion CFU, 250 Caplets
    Kalyx: Acidophilus Probiotic, Natrol, 100 mg, 100 Caps
    Kalyx: Acidophilus Probiotic, Natrol, 100 mg, 150 Caps
    Kalyx: Probiotic Acidophilus Liquid Culture, Strawberry, American Health, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Acidophilus Powder, Frontier Natural Bulk Herbs, 5 Billion CFU, 1/2 lb.
    Kalyx: Acidophilus With Bifidus, Banana, American Health, 100 Chewable Wafers
    Kalyx: Acidophilus With Bifidus, Blueberry, American Health, 100 Chewable Wafers
    Kalyx: Acidophilus With Bifidus, Strawberry, American Health, 100 Chewable Wafers
    Kalyx: Acidophilus With Bifidus, Assorted Fruit Flavors, American Health, 120 Chewable Wafers
    Kalyx: BioBeads Probiotic Acidophilus, Natrol, 30 Beads
    Kalyx: BioBeads Probiotic Acidophilus, Natrol, 90 Beads
    HerbsPro: Probiotic Acidophilus With Citrus Pectin, American Health, 4 Billion Organisms, 100 Caps
    HerbsPro: Probiotic Acidophilus With Bifidus, American Health, Chewable Banana (Also Assorted Fruit & Strawberry), 100 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Acidophilus Chewable, American Health, Blueberry, 100 Wafers
    HerbsPro: Probiotic Acidophilus Culture Liquid, American Health, Banana (Blueberry, Strawberry & Plain), 16 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Acidophilus with Pectin, Vegetarian, Country Life, 250 Caps
    HerbsPro: Lactobacillus Acidophilus Powder (or Caps), Freeze-Dried, 10 Billion CFU, Eclectic Institute, 60 Gram
    HerbsPro: Papaya Lactobacillus Acidophilus (Probiotics) Liquid, Dairy Free, 100% Natural Organic, Dynamic Health Labs, 16 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Black Cherry Lactobacillus Acidophilus (Probiotics) Liquid, Dairy Free, Dynamic Health Labs, 16 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Apple Strawberry Lactobacillus Acidophilus (Probiotics) Liquid, Dairy Free, Dynamic Health Labs, 16 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Acidophilus Pearls, Enzymatic Therapy, Active Cultures, 90 Pearls
    HerbsPro: Longest Living Lactobacillus Acidophilus Plus Bifidus Blend, 1 Billion, Futurebiotics, 100 Caps
    HerbsPro: BioBeads Probiotic Acidophilus Complex, Natrol, 90 Beads
    HerbsPro: PB 8 Pro-Biotic Acidophilus, Vegetarian, Nutrition Now, 14 Billion, 120 VCaps
    HerbsPro: The Ultimate Acidophilus, ODonnell Formulas, 350 mg, 60 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Acidophilus & Bifidus, Natural Factors, 10-Billion Double Strength, 180 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Acidophilus, Now Foods, 2 Billion, 250 Caps
    TakeHerb: Stable Acidophilus, 3 Billion, NOW Foods, 180 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Blueberry, American Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Strawberry, American Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Original Flavor, American Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Banana, American Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Apple Strawberry, Dynamic Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Acidophilus Culture Liquid, Black Cherry, Dynamic Health, 16 oz.
    TakeHerb: Kyo-Dophilus, One Per Day, Wakunaga, 30 Caps
    TakeHerb: Kyo-Dophilus Chewable, Wakunaga, 90 Tabs


    ASTRAGALUS SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Astragalus root is considered to have a normalizing effect on the body's functions. Astragalus is an important herb in Chinese medicine and is commonly included in Chinese cuisine.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Astragalus Root, Powder, & Slices, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root, Cut & Sifted, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root, Sliced, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root Powder, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root, Organic, 420 mg, 100 Caps
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root, Organic 420 mg, 500 Caps
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root Extract, Organic, 1 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Astragalus Root Extract, Organic, 4 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Echinacea Immune Support Tea, With Astragalus, Yogi Tea, 16 Tea Bags
    This tea is a superior blend of several species of organic Echinacea Root. This blend is also complimented with Astragalus, Elder Berry, organic Peppermint, organic Lemongrass, organic Cinnamon, organic Fennel, organic Spearmint and organic Rosehips.
    Kalyx: Astragalus Extract, Herbs For Kids, 1 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Astragalus Extract (Astragalus membranaceus), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Astragalus Extract (Astragalus membranaceus), Health & Herbs, 4 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Astragalus Extract (Astragalus membranaceus), Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Astragalus Immunity Herb Tea, Health KIng, 20 Tea Bags
    Kalyx: Astragalus Root Extract, Nature's Answer, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Astragalus Root (Astragalus membranaceus), 420 mg, 100 VCaps
    Kalyx: Astragalus Root (Astragalus membranaceus), 420 mg, 500 VCaps
    Kalyx: Astragalus Root Powder, Certified Organic, Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb.
    HerbsPro: Astragalus Immunity Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags
    HerbsPro: Astragalus, Natures Way, 60 VCap
    HerbsPro: Astragalus Extract, Eclectic Institute, 1 fl. oz
    HerbsPro: Astragalus Extract, Alcohol Free, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Astragalus Extract, Eclectic Institute, 2 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Astragalus Root Extract, Alcohol-Free, Gaia Herb, 4 oz.
    House of Nutrition: Astragalus Root Extract, BlueBonnet, 400 mg, 120 VCaps
    House of Nutrition: Astragalus Root, Nature's Way, 470 mg, 180 VCaps
    TakeHerb: Organic Astragalus, Defense System Support, Oregon's Wild Harvest, 1 oz.
    TakeHerb: Astragalus Extract, Alcohol-Free, Herbs For Kids,, 1 oz.
    TakeHerb: Full Spectrum Astragalus Extract Liquid, Planetary Herbals, 2 oz.
    TakeHerb: Full Spectrum Astragalus Extract, Planetary Herbals, 500 mg, 120 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Astragalus, Nature's Way, Standardized, 3000 mg, 100 Caps


    BUTCHERS BROOM SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Butchers Broom is a laxative and diuretic and it is also used to improve circulation problems, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, arteriosclerosis, and blood clots.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Butchers Broom Root & Powder, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Starwest Botanicals: Butchers Broom Root, Cut & Sifted, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Butchers Broom Root Powder, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Butchers Broom Root Powder, Organic, 1 lb.
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root, 10% Ruscogenins, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root, 10% Ruscogenins, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root, 10% Ruscogenins, 360 VCaps
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root, 10% Ruscogenins, 600 VCaps
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root Powder (Ruscus aculeatus), 1 lb.
    Kalyx: Butchers Broom Root, Cut & Sifted, Certified Organic (Ruscus aculeatus), 1 lb.
    HerbsPro: Butchers Broom Root, Natures Answer, 500 mg, 90 Caps
    HerbsPro: Butchers Broom, Single Herb, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 100 VCaps
    HerbsPro: Butchers Broom, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 100 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Butchers Broom, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 250 Tabs
    House of Nutrition: Butchers Broom Root, Natures Way, 100 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Butchers Broom Extract, Solaray, 100 mg, 60 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Butchers Broom, Now Foods, 500 mg, 100 Caps
    TakeHerb: Butchers Broom Extract, Health Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Butchers Broom Root, Cut & Sifted, Wildcrafted, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Butchers Broom Root, Organic, Cut & Sifted, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Butchers Broom Root Powder, Wildcrafted, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Circu Caps With Butchers Broom Rhizome Extract, Higher Dose, Sanhelios, 900 mg, 48 Caps
    TakeHerb: Trumans Edema Tea With Butchers Broom Extract, Health Herbs, 8 oz.
    TakeHerb: VariCare With Butchers Broom, Horse Chestnut, & Gotu Kola, Enzymatic Therapy, 90 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Herbal Leg Aid, Traditional Leg-Aid Formula, Butchers Broom Herbal Blend, Good'n Natural, 100 Caps


    CATS CLAW PRODUCTS

    Cat's Claw is an exciting discovery from the Peruvian rainforest. Also called Una de Gato, Cat's Claw has been used for hundreds of years by the native Ashanica Indians. Studies conducted since the 1970s at research clinics in Peru, Austria, Germany, England, Hungary and Italy validate the traditional usage of Cat's Claw and indicate that this herb may be beneficial in ameliorating a host of modern day afflictions which have no answers from the orthodox medical arena. It is known to help nutritionally support the body's defenses, circulatory and gastrointestinal systems through its antioxidant and build properties.

    House of Nutrition: Cat's Claw, NOW Foods, 400 mg, 250 Caps
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw, NOW Foods, 500 mg, 100 Caps
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw 5000, NOW Foods, 60 Caps
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw, Planetary Herbals, 750 mg, 90 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw, Solgar, 1000 mg, 90 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw Extract, Planetary Herbals, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw Extract, Planetary Herbals, 4 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw Defense Complex, Source Naturals, 120 Tabs
    TakeHerb: Cat's Claw Complete Complex, Planetary Herbals, 90 Tabs


    CLOVE OIL PRODUCTS

    Clove oil, although primarily used in aromatherapy, can be used externally or internally for various uses. Clove bud oil is distilled from the flower buds and is imported from Indonesia. It has a spicy, fruity, warm and sweet aroma. Some traditional uses: for toothache, colds, flu and fungal infections, as a mosquito repellant, to relieve fatigue and melancholy, as an aphrodisiac. Clove bud oil should not be used on damaged or sensitive skin. Use in moderation.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Clove Essential Oil, Certified Organic, 1/2 to 16 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Clove Bud Essential Oil, 1-2/3 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Clove Bud Essential Oil, Organic, 4 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Clove Bud Essential Oil, Organic, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Bud Essential Oil, Certified Organic. 1/4 oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Bud Essential Oil, 1/3 oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Bud Essential Oil, 1/2 oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Essential Oil, 1 oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Bud Essential Oil, 4 oz.
    Kalyx: Clove Bud Essential Oil, 16 oz.
    HerbsPro: Clove Essential Oil, 100% Pure, Now Foods, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Clove Essential Oil, 100% Pure, Now Foods, 4 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Clove Oil, Now Foods, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Medicated Lip Balm With Clove Oil, Tube, Burts Bees, 0.15 oz. Tube
    TakeHerb: Medicated Lip Balm With Clove Oil, Blister Box, Burts Bees, 0.15 oz. Tube


    CLOVE SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Today in America Clove is used to treat worms, viruses, candida, and various bacterial and protozoan infections, but is most commonly used externally to treat toothache and mouth and throat inflammation and to slow macular degeneration. Cloves are used against parasites, flatulence, and nausea. Eating cloves is considered to be an aphrodisiac. Use as a dietary supplement or put directly on tooth for a toothache.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Clove Whole & Powder, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Starwest Botanicals: Cloves Whole (Syzygium aromaticum), Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Cloves Powder (Syzygium aromaticum), Organic, 1 lb.
    Kalyx: Cloves Whole, 500 grams (1.17 lb.)
    Kalyx: Cloves Granules, 100 grams (3.5 oz.)
    Kalyx: Cloves Powder, 1 lb.
    Kalyx: Cloves Powder, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Cloves Powder, 600 VCaps
    HerbsPro: Clove Extract, Eclectic Institute, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Clove Extract, Eclectic Institute, 2 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Clove Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Clove Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Clove Extract, Herb Pharm, Syzygium aromaticum, 8 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Clove Extract, Antibacterial, Antiseptic, Carminative, Health Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Cloves, Whole Organic, Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Cloves Powder, Organic, Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Bengal Spice Herb Tea, Caffeine Free Blend (Cinnamon, Ginger, Cardamom, & Cloves), Celestial Seasonings, 20 Bags
    TakeHerb: Cloves, Prevents Nausea, Oregon's Wild Harvest, 90 Caps


    GRAPEFRUIT SEED EXTRACT PRODUCTS

    Grapefruit Seed Extract has been found to have a myriad of beneficial uses. It is truly one of the most amazing natural products ever discovered. Grapefruit Seed Extract, according to published sources, is effective against more than 800 bacterial and viral organisms, 100 strains of fungus, and a large number of single-cell and multi-celled parasites. Used topically as an antiseptic wound cleaner and to treat infections of the skin. Internally, the concentrate is useful as a supportive treatment for a wide variety of ailments, including Candida infections, sore throats, intestinal upset, etc. May also be used to purify drinking water when camping or traveling to foreign countries. It may be used as a surface disinfectant in place of commonly used cleaners like bleach or ammonia-based products. Works against viruses, bacteria, funguses, molds, parasites, e-coli, strep, staph, salmonella, and other disease-causing germs.

    Kalyx: Grapefruit Seed Non-Alcoholic Extract, 2 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Grapefruit Seed Non-Alcoholic Extract, 8 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Grapefruit Seed Extract, For Viruses, Bacteria, Fungus, Molds, Parasites, Health Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Grapefruit Seed Standardized Concentrate, Provides Intestinal Health, Natures Way, 60 VCaps
    TakeHerb: Baby Bee Skin Cream With Grapefruit Seed Extract, Soothes & Protects, Burts Bees, 2 oz.


    NEEM LEAF PRODUCTS

    Neem has traditionally been used to purify the blood, cleanse the liver and support the immune system. It is also commonly used for a variety of skin irritations and inflammations, and to support healthy blood glucose levels. The neem tree holds a great deal of promise for India as a wonder plant with many uses. The leaves have anbibacterial and antiviral properties, and are often used in cosmetic and skin treatment preparations. It is an effective insect repellant, and its astringent properties make it an excellent treatment for skin conditions ranging from acne to eczema. It is used to treat ringworm and other parasitic skin infections and promotes healing of wounds. Taken internally as neem leaf tea, there is evidence to support its use to treat malaria, infection, pneumonia, ulcers, gout, diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, and that's just the start of the long list of conditions and disorders that seem to respond to the regular use of neem leaf and its antibacterial and antiviral properties. Precautions - Not to be used while pregnant, and the oil should not be applied to broken or heavily abraded skin.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Neem Leaf & Powder, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Starwest Botanicals: Neem Leaf, Cut & Sifted, Organic Azadirachta indica, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Auromere Vanilla Neem Soap, 2.75 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Auromere Lavender Neem Soap, 2.75 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Auromere Tulsi-Neem Soap, For Dry To Normal Skin, 2.75 oz.
    Kalyx: Neem Leaf, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Neem Leaf, 400 mg, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Neem Leaf, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Neem Leaf, 600 VCaps
    Kalyx: Neem Leaf Extract, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Ayurvedic Neem Balm, Auromere, 2 oz.
    The oil of the neem tree combined with several active ingredients contained in Auromere's Ayurvedic Neem Balm formula have been traditionally used by Ayurvedic specialists to treat a wide variety of problem skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, eczema, septic sores, burns, insect bites, athlete's foot, rashes, bruises, cuts, fungal infections, hemorrhoids, hives, inflammation, joint pain, muscle soreness, warts and skin ulcers.
    HerbsPro: Neem Skin Salve, Neemaura, 1 oz.
    NeemAura Salve utilizes organically grown Neem leaf. Neem is considered to be the miracle herb, with a history of use in the Ayurvedic tradition.
    HerbsPro: Neem Cream With Aloe Vera, Neemaura, 2 oz.
    NeemAura Neem Cream is a highly concentrated face and body cream. The organically grown neem leaf is extracted directly into the aloe vera base, together with other synergistic herbal components such as St. Johnswort, Chamomile, White Willow bark, Grape Seed, Arnica, Horse Chestnut, Thyme, Goldenseal, Barberry and Ivy Leaf extract.
    HerbsPro: Neem Leaf Extract, Regular Strength, Organic, Neemaura, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Neem Extract, Triple Potency, Organic, Neemaura, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Neem Leaf, Organic, Neemaura, 60 VCaps
    HerbsPro: Neem Leaves, Natures Way, 425 mg, 100 Caps
    House of Nutrition: Neem, Certified Organic, Banyan Trading, 500 mg, 90 Tabs
    House of Nutrition: Neem Leaf Powder, Certified Organic, Banyan Trading, 1 lb.
    House of Nutrition: Neem Hand & Body Lotion with Aloe Vera, Neem Aura, 8 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Leaf Powder, Wildcrafted, Neem Tea As Calmative & Immune Strengthener, Bazaar of India, 1/2 lb.
    TakeHerb: Neem Leaf Powder, Wildcrafted, Bazaar of India, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Neem Leaf, Cut & Sifted, Wildcrafted, Bazaar of India, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Neem (Azadirachta indica), Bazaar of India, 100 VCaps
    TakeHerb: Hyaluronic Acid Rejuvenating Hand & Body Lotion, Home Health, 8 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Psorzema, Natural Relief For Scaling, Flaking & Itching, Derma E, 4 oz.
    Derma E's Psorzema Psoriasis and Eczema Cream provides natural relief from symptoms of scaling, flaking, itching, irritated skin associated with Psoriasis and Eczema. This products is made with a safe adn effetive blend of herbal extracts and skin vitamins : Neem, Burdock, Vitamins A & E, and Bearberry, just to mention a few. Contains no coal or pine tars and no steroids. Softens and soothes dry, irritated, scaling skin in a pleasant moisturizing creme.
    TakeHerb: Neem & Turmeric Cleansing Bar, Himalaya, 4.41 oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Plus 5 Shampoo, Auromere, 16 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem & Aloe Vera Shampoo, Auromere, 16 fl. oz.


    NEEM SEED OIL PRODUCTS

    A magnificent oil with numerous benefits for both therapeutic and medicinal use. Among other properties, this certified organic oil is antiseptic, antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal. Used widely in creams, dental products, hair care products, and in gardens for natural pest control. Neem works as an effective insecticide against wool moths, ants, termites, fleas and sand fleas, as well as flying mosquitoes and their larvae. It is considered completely non-toxic to humans, pets and livestock. Can be applied directly to the skin or included within skin care preparations that are designed specifically to treat problematic skin conditions. This oil is exceptionally rich, contains a heavy odor, and may be diluted accordingly.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Neem Seed Oil, Organic Carrier & Vegetable Oils
    Kalyx: Neem Seed Oil, 1 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Neem Skin Salve, 1 oz.
    Kalyx: Neem Skin Tonic, 4 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Neem Seed Topical Oil, Neemaura, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Neem Oil, Now Foods, 1 fl oz.
    House of Nutrition: Neem Oil, Certified Organic, Banyan Trading, 4 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Neem Oil In Sesame Oil Base, Certified Organic, Banyan Trading, 32 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Oil, Banyan Botanicals, 4 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Oil, Banyan Botanicals, 32 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Oil, Banyan Botanicals, 1 gallon
    TakeHerb: Ultra Sensitive Mint Soap, Normal To Oil Skin, NeemAura Naturals, 1 Bar
    TakeHerb: Ultra Sensitive Lavender & Oatmeal Soap, Normal To Dry Skin, NeemAura Naturals, 1 Bar
    TakeHerb: Ultra Sensitive Cornmeal & Honey Soap, Combo Skin, NeemAura Naturals, 1 Bar
    TakeHerb: Ultra Sensitive Refreshing Citrus Soap, All Skin Types, NeemAura, 1 Bar
    TakeHerb: Neem Fine Ayurvedic Soap, Banyan Botanicals, 4.5 oz.
    TakeHerb: Neem Soap, Antibacterial & Antifungal, Bazaar of India, 12 Pack


    OREGANO OIL PRODUCTS

    Oregano is known as one nature's most powerful anti-fungal and anti-viral herbs. Its natural anti-septic properties make it excellent for killing off parasites and maintaining a healthy immune system. Historically, herbalists have recommended oregano to calm nausea and help digestion which made it doubly useful when seasoning foods. Today's research findings indicate that Oregano Oil is also a potent antioxidant, and acts with antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Oregano Essential Oil (Origanum vulgare), Certified Organic, 62 to 68% Carvacrol
    Starwest Botanicals: Oregano Essential Oil, 1/3 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Oregano Essential Oil, Trinity, 1/3 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oregano Essential Oil, Certified Organic, 1/4 oz.
    Kalyx: Oregano Essential Oil, 1/3 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oregano Essential Oil, 4 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oregano Essential Oil, 16 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Oregano Oil, Nutricology, 60 Softgels
    Pure essential oil of oregano derived from Thymus capitatus and other oraganum species, containing 65 percent carvacrol. Recent studies have shown that certain essential oils such as thyme, oregano and clove may possess properties that affect the balance of microbiology within the GI tract.
    Kalyx: Oregano Oil Extract, Thompson Nutritional, 150 mg, 60 Softgels
    For centuries Oregano has been used by folks as a natural protector. Now today Oil of Oregano is making headlines for its ability to fight unfriendly organisms that could invade the lungs and body. Oil of Oregano helps protect your body’s immune system naturally. The essential oil distilled from oregano contains varying amounts of thymol and carvacrol, compounds that can apparently inhibit the growth of fungi, worms, and possibly other organisms. In fact, some sources even recommend rubbing a drop or two of oregano oil into an area that is itching due to athlete's foot, a common condition caused by the Tinea versicolor fungus. Mild stomach-settling and cough-clearing qualities are attributed to oregano oil; they are likely due to the presence of thymol and carvacrol as well. Disease-fighting antioxidants have been identified in oregano, although it's not clear whether they appear in the oil as well as in the leaves and other above-ground parts of the plant. Oregano oil has been used as an antiseptic in hand cleansers and shampoos, and as a remedy for headaches when rubbed into the temples. Some nutritionally oriented doctors enlist oregano oil's antifungal actions to fight Candida overgrowth syndrome, a condition believed to be caused by an imbalance in the body's fungi and bacteria levels.
    Kalyx: Oregano Oil In Flaxseed Oil Base, Natures Way, 50 mg, 60 Caps
    Kalyx: Oregano Oil (Origanum vulgare) In Virgin Olive Oil Base, Thompson Nutritional, 150 mg, 60 Softgels
    Kalyx: Wild Oregano Oil (Origanum vulgare), California Natural, 90 Caps
    Nature's Antiseptic - Not the plant we use on pizza. Bacteria (including candida), parasites and fungi all fall prey to this natural antiseptic. California Natural Wild Oregano Oil contains 60 to 75 percent carvacol, a phenol that dominates the oil, which is the main active ingredient, as well as, over 50 compounds that possess antimicrobial actions. Ingredients: Wild Mediterranean Oregano Leaf (origanum vulgare).
    Kalyx: Wild Oregano Oil, California Natural, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Wild Oregano Oil (Origanum Vulgare), California Natural, 400 mg, 90 Caps
    HerbsPro: Oil Of Oregano, Alcohol Free Extract, Healthy Immune, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Wellness Oil of Oregano, Source Naturals, 0.5 Oz
    HerbsPro: Oil Of Oregano (Oreganol-Super Strength), Immune System Support, North American Herb & Spice, 1 fl. oz.
    This is the triple strength oregano oil P73 a blend of edible species of wild oregano grown on natural mineral rich soils. This growing condition along with our dedication to a chemical and alcohol free extraction is the reason P73 Oreganol oil has a unique chemical profile, which is ideal for human consumption. This same oregano species can be grown elsewhere and not have the same effect of the P73, it is truly one of a kind. The Super Strength oil can be used either internally or topically. Safe for everyday use.
    HerbsPro: Oregano Oil, Olympian Labs, 2 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Oregano Oil, Enteric Coated, Now Foods, 90 Softgels
    House of Nutrition: North American Herb & Spice Extra Strength Oil of Oregano, 1 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Gaia's Oil of Oregano, 120 Caps
    TakeHerb: SkinClenz, North American Herb & Spice, 1 fl. oz.
    Aromatic spices that are completely free of genetically modified organisms. SkinClenz contains grapeseed oil, oregano oil, bay leaf oil, lavender oil, and organic borage oil. SkinClenz can be applied topically on a daily basis and is the ideal natural topical rub. Externally used to cleanse and fortify the skin. Rub topically where needed. Apply to damp skin for best results. For large skin areas, combine 40 drops with a quarter cup of Olive Oil. Internally take 2 to 5 drops daily.
    TakeHerb: Wild Oregano Oil, Use Internally For Joint & Muscle Pain, Infections, Chronic Cough & Asthma, Health Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Oregano Oil, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Oregano Oil, Starwest Botanicals, 16 fl. oz.


    PARASITES & SCABIES PRODUCTS

    The Scabies and Parasites Tincture-Extract can be used for both internal and external use to help rid the body of parasites, scabies, and ringworm.

    Kalyx: Parasites & Scabies Extract, 2 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Parasites & Scabies Extract, 8 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Parasites & Scabies Extract, 16 fl. oz.
    TakeHerb: Parasites & Scabies Extract, Internal & External Use, Health Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    For both internal and external use to help rid the body of parasites, scabies, and ringworm. This can also be used for people and their pets. Use also for eczema, epilepsy, impetigo, parasites, psoriasis, ringworm, shingles, skin disorders, venereal disease, worms, and yeast infection.


    PAU D'ARCO PRODUCTS

    Pau d'arco bark is a rich source of iron, which contributes to the elimination of wastes from the body and the assimilation of nutrients. It is a natural antibiotic and potentiates immune function. It is also a powerful antioxidant and is good for destroying candida in the colon. American herbalists use this herb to enhance liver function and to help lessen the effects of AIDS, allergies, cardiovascular problems, inflammatory bowel syndrome, rheumatism, tumors, and ulcers. The key ingredient in Pau D'Arco is lapachol. In the 1970s, studies of lapachol showed promise in destroying cancer cells; however, its use produced severe side effects such as blood-clotting abnormalities, anemia, and nausea, so further studies were abandoned. While high doses are not recommended for treating cancer, moderate amounts have been found to be very useful as an immune booster while fighting cancer, HIV, AIDS, bronchitis, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Pau D'Arco bark has also been used to treat fungal infections, yeast infections, smoker's cough, warts, and acne. The standard dosage for internal use is with products standardized to contain 2 to 7 percent lapachol, although an effective alternative is a product that contains 3 percent naphthoquinones. If using a tincture or liquid extract formulation as an external treatment, you may need to dilute it with a small amount of water or vegetable oil if skin becomes irritated. If skin irritation continues after dilution, discontinue use. If treating genital warts, dilution is necessary. If using as a tea, it is best to take with food to avoid stomach upset. If stomach upset continues, stop taking the herb altogether. This potent herb may pose health risks when taken internally for more than a week so it is suggested you use only for a week at a time.

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Pau D'Arco, Organic Bulk Herbs
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Tea, Traditional Medicinals, 16 Tea Bags
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco, Thompson Nutritional, 510 mg, 60 Caps
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark Extract 4:1, Herbal Extracts Plus, 600 mg, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark, Starwest Botanicals, 500 mg, 100 Caps
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark, Wildcrafted, Cut & Sifted, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark, Wildcrafted, Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Inner Bark Extract, Nature's Answer, 1 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark Extract, Starwest Botanicals, 1 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Bark Extract, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl. oz.
    Kalyx: Pau D'Arco Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Pau D' Arco Extract, Cherry Flavored Glycoside Compound, Alcohol-Free, Eclectic Institute Inc, 1 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Pau D' Arco Extract, Cherry Flavored Glycoside Compound, Alcohol-Free, Eclectic Institute Inc, 2 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Pau D'Arco Glycerite Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Pau D Arco Herbal Tea, Hobe Labs, 54 Bags
    HerbsPro: Pau D'Arco Brazilian Herbal Tea, Alta Health Products, 24 Bags
    HerbsPro: Pau D'Arco Loose Tea, Wisdom Herbs, 3.5 oz.
    HerbsPro: Pau D'Arco Tea, Wisdom Herbs, 20 Bags
    House of Nutrition: Pau D'Arco Extract (Tabebuia impetiginosa), Herb Pharm, 8 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Pau D'Arco Bark Extract, Gaia Herb, 4 fl. oz.
    House of Nutrition: Pau D'Arco Tea, Ecological Formula, 24 Bags
    TakeHerb: Pau D'Arco, Nature's Way, 1010 mg (1.01 grams), 100 Caps
    TakeHerb: Pau D'Arco, NOW Foods, 500 mg, 250 Caps
    TakeHerb: Pau D'Arco Tea, Caffeine Free, Alvita Teas, 24 Bags
    TakeHerb: Pau D'Arco Herbal Tea, Wisdom Natural Brands, 25 Bags
    TakeHerb: Pau D'Arco Extract, NOW Foods, 2 fl. oz.


    SAMENTO PRODUCTS

    Samento is the most powerful immune-enhancing herb and is beneficial in the treatment of a wide range of immune system related conditions. Samento is beneficial in supporting the treatment of a wide range of immune system related conditions; these include but are not limited to cancer, arthritis, bursitis, rheumatism, allergies, ulcers, systemic candidiasis, all forms of herpes, diabetes, lupus, chronic fatigue syndrome, intestinal disorders and HIV infection. Samento is a medicinal rainforest plant that has been used for many years by native Peruvians. Its properties include Immunomodulation, Antibacterial, Antimutagenic, Diuretic, Depurative, Hypotensive and Vermifuge. If using liquid extract, put 1 to 15 drops in a glass with 4 ounces of pure water and wait one minute before drinking. Start with one drop 2 times per day, slowly increasing up to 15 drops 2 times or as directed by your health care provider per day on an empty stomach. Do not use Samento if you are pregnant or nursing, or if you are an organ transplant recipient.

    TakeHerb: Samento, Nutramedix Health Herbs, Immune Enhancer, 600 mg, 30 Caps
    TakeHerb: Samento Extract, Nutramedix Health Herbs, Immune Enhancer, 1 oz.


    THERACLEAR ANTIPARASITE FORMULA PRODUCTS

    A regular natural detoxification program including TheraClear Anti-Parasite Formula and a colon cleanser to promote proper elimination has been recommended by various naturopaths.

    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination, 360 VCaps
    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination Support, 60 VCaps
    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination Support, 90 VCaps
    Kalyx: Parasite Elimination Support, 360 VCaps
    TakeHerb: TheraClear Anti-Parasite Formula, Theramune Nutritionals, 120 Caps
    TheraClear is formulated with Black Seed herb, Black Walnut Hull, Cloves, Wormwood Extract, Peppermint Leaves, Grapefruit Seed Extract, and base herbs Fennel, Hyssop, Pumpkin Seed Meal, Genetian Root, and Thyme.


    VIDANGA FRUIT PRODUCTS

    Certified Organic Vidanga Fruit Powder (Embelia Ribes) Considered one of the best Ayurvedic herbs for eliminating intestinal worms and other parasites.

    Ayurvedic Herbs Direct: Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Vadik Herbs, 100 VCaps
    Kalyx: Vidanga Leaf Powder (Embelia ribes), 120 VCaps
    Kalyx: Vidanga Leaf Powder (Embelia ribes), 8 oz.
    House of Nutrition: Banyan Trading Co's Vidanga Powder, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Vidanga, Organic, Banyan Botanicals, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Vidanga Herb Powder (Embelia ribes), Wildcrafted, Bazaar of India, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Bazaar of India, 100 VCaps




    NOTIFY YOUR MIDWIFE OR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IF...

  • You or a family member has symptoms of trichomonal vaginitis. Trichomonas infection is transmitted by having unprotected sex with an infected partner. Many women and most men do not have any symptoms of trich. If symptoms develop, they usually appear within 1 week of being infected, but can develop from 1 to 6 months after being infected. Trichomonas should be treated to prevent transmitting this STD to others and to prevent complications if you are pregnant.


  • In rare cases, it may be possible to get trich by coming in contact with an object (such as a wet towel) that a person who has trich has just used. The Trichomonas organism cannot live on objects for long, so trich is not usually spread this way.

    Trichomoniasis may be transmitted from a mother to her baby during a vaginal delivery, but this is rare.

  • Symptoms persist longer than 1 week or worsen, despite treatment.


  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or swelling develops.


  • After treatment, symptoms recur.





  • FOR MORE INFORMATION

    Parasitic Disease Information
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Parasitic Diseases
    Web Address: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/trichomonas

    The CDC Web site provides a fact sheet on Trichomonas infection.

    American Social Health Association
    Web Address: http://www.ashastd.org/stdfaqs/vaginitis.html

    The American Social Health Association provides accurate, medically reliable information about STDs to the public, patients, providers, and policy makers. Its Web site offers resources to answer your questions, find referrals, join HELP groups, and get access to in-depth information about sexually transmitted diseases.

    Planned Parenthood Federation of America
    810 Seventh Avenue
    New York, NY 10019
    Phone: 1-800-669-0156
    Phone: (212) 541-7800
    Fax: (212) 245-1845
    Web Address: http://www.plannedparenthood.org

    This organization provides comprehensive reproductive health care and consumer information about family planning, sexual health, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) STD National Hotline
    1600 Clifton Road, N.E.
    Atlanta, GA 30333
    Phone: 1-800-227-8922
    Web Address: http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/dstd/hotlines.htm

    The hot line is available Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 11 p.m., Eastern standard time. The hot line can provide education and referrals on sexually transmitted diseases.

    The Web address is the home page for Centers for Disease Control; links to information on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be found by searching specific STDs in the health topics.





    MoonDragon's ObGyn Womens Health Information: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)




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    HELPFUL PRODUCTS & FURTHER EDUCATION

  • Prescription for Nutritional Healing: The A-To-Z Guide To Supplements
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    -- by Phyllis A. Balch, James F. Balch - 4th Edition

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    -- by Phyllis A. Balch



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