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MoonDragon's Womens Health Information

(Stress Urinary Incontinence)

For Informational Use Only.
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.

  • Stress Incontinence Description
  • Stress Incontinence Frequent Signs & Symptoms
  • Stress Incontinence Causes
  • Stress Incontinence Risk Factors
  • Stress Incontinence Preventive Measures
  • Stress Incontinence Prognosis - Expected Outcome
  • Stress Incontinence Potential Complications
  • Stress Incontinence Medical Diagnosis
  • Stress Incontinence Conventional Medical Treatment
  • Stress Incontinence Medications
  • Activity Recommendations & Restrictions
  • Diet & Nutrition
  • Notify Your Health Care Provider
  • Incontinence Supplement Products


    Stress incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine that accompanies any action that suddenly increases the pressure in the abdomen. It can affect both sexes (males rarely) and all ages. It is the most common type of incontinence in older women. Urinary incontinence is not a condition in itself, but rather a symptom of a problem with the lower urinary tract. The body stores urine (water and wastes removed from the kidneys) in the bladder, a balloon-like organ. The bladder connects to the urethra, the tube through which urine leaves the body. During urination, muscles in the wall of the bladder contract, forcing urine out of the bladder and into the urethra. At the same time, sphincter muscles surrounding the urethra relax, letting urine pass out of the body. Incontinence will occur if the bladder muscles suddenly contract or muscles surrounding the urethra suddenly relax.

    pelvic floor muscles

    Urge incontinence is a strong, sudden need to urinate, followed by a bladder contraction, which results in leakage.


    URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE: Stress incontinence occurs when coughing, laughing, sneezing, or other movements that put pressure on the bladder result in urine leakage. Pelvic floor muscles support the bladder. If these muscles weaken, the bladder can move downward, pushing slightly out of the bottom of the pelvis. This prevents muscles that ordinarily force the urethra shut from squeezing as tightly as they should. As a result, urine can leak into the urethra during moments of physical stress. Stress incontinence also occurs if the muscles that do the squeezing weaken. Causes of urinary stress incontinence include physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth and menopause. It is the most common form of incontinence in women and is treatable.

    URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE: People who lose urine for no apparent reason while suddenly feeling the need or urge to urinate suffer from urge incontinence. The most common cause of urge incontinence is inappropriate bladder contractions. Medical professionals describe such a bladder as "unstable," "spastic" or "overactive." Some health care providers may call this condition "reflex incontinence" if it results from overactive nerves controlling the bladder. Urge incontinence can mean that the bladder empties during sleep, after drinking a small amount of water or when a sufferer touches water or hears it running (as when washing dishes or hearing someone else taking a shower). Causes of urinary urge incontinence include involuntary actions of bladder muscles that occur because of damage to the nerves of the bladder, nervous system (spinal cord and brain) or the muscles themselves. Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, stroke and injury can harm bladder nerves or muscles. Urge incontinence may be due to prostate problems in men. Difficulty urinating in men may also be due to prostate inflammation. It is often necessary to use a bathroom as frequently as every 2 hours, and bed-wetting is common. With urge incontinence, sometimes a large amount of urine is released. Accidental urination can be triggered by:
    • Sudden change in position or activity.
    • Hearing or touching running water.
    • Drinking a small amount of liquid.
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Urge Incontinence

    FUNCTIONAL INCONTINENCE: This is characterized by an uncontrollable urge to empty the bladder before you can reach the bathroom. It can be caused by stress; changes in environment, such as having to stay in the hospital and not being able to get to the bathroom in time; and mobility restrictions.

    REFLUX INCONTINENCE: Some individuals are not aware when their bladders are full, and this loss of sensation can lead to urine leakage. This is reflex incontinence, and it is most often due to spinal cord injury or other neurological impairment.

    TOTAL INCONTINENCE: Total incontinence is the unpredictable loss of urine at all times. It can be caused by neurological dysfunction, abdominal surgery, spinal cord injury, or anatomical defect.

    Incontinence is most common in people over 50 years of age, but loss of bladder control can occur at any age, especially in pregnant women. It is wrong to assume that loss of bladder control is an inevitable part of getting older. It is also wrong to assume that nothing can be done about this problem.



    Leakage of small amounts of urine during physical movement (coughing, sneezing, exercising).


    Leakage of large amounts of urine at unexpected times, including during sleep.


    Untimely urination because of physical disability, external obstacles, or problems in thinking or communicating that prevent a person from reaching a toilet.


    Unexpected leakage of small amounts of urine because of a full bladder.


    Usually the occurrence of stress and urge incontinence together.


    Leakage that occurs temporarily because of a condition that will pass (infection, medication).


    Stress incontinence is the unintentional loss of urine with lifting, bending, changing positions, standing, sneezing, singing, coughing, laughing, crying or straining to have a bowel movement. Difficulty controlling urination. Any action that adds pressure or stress to a urine-filled bladder.

    The main symptom of urge incontinence is a sudden, uncontrollable need to urinate. Women experience incontinence twice as often as men.


    Stress incontinence can be caused by a change in the relationship of the uterus to the bladder resulting in shortening of the urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside), and loss of normal muscle support for the bladder and floor of the pelvis. These changes occur during pregnancy and after childbirth, particularly repeated childbirth. Obesity is also a factor. It may also occur as a natural consequence of aging.

    Stress incontinence can worsen during the week before the menstrual period in women. At that time, lowered estrogen levels might lead to lower muscular pressure around the urethra, increasing chances of leakage.

    The incidence of stress incontinence increases following menopause due to the substantial loss of estrogen and resulting loss of muscle tone and strength.


  • Pregnancy, especially third trimester when the fetus and the growing uterus is putting extra pressure on the bladder.
  • Repeated vaginal childbirth.
  • Vaginal birth of large children.
  • Adults over 60.
  • Menopausal women.
  • Obesity.
  • Chronic lung disease with a cough.
  • Pelvic floor damage, injury, trauma.
  • Allergies with repeated sneezing, coughing.


  • Eat a normal, well-balanced diet and exercise regularly to build and maintain muscle strength.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages, caffeine, soda pop and simple sugars.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Do not put off emptying the bladder when the urge is evident. Try to empty the bladder every three to four hours.
  • Early initiation of bladder retraining techniques may be useful in reducing the severity of symptoms.


  • Kegel exercises are effective in strengthening or re-train pelvic floor muscles and sphincter muscles, which can reduce or cure stress leakage. Kegel exercises are useful because weak pelvic muscles are often involved in bladder control problems. Daily exercises can strengthen pelvic muscles and improve bladder control. Exercising your muscles just five minutes three times a day can make a big difference. They are easy to do and can be done at any time (such as sitting in your car and waiting for a red light to change to green). Learn and practice Kegel exercises before symptoms of stress incontinence begin.

  • The purpose of kegel exercises is to recognize, control and develop the muscles of the pelvic floor. These are the ones used to strengthen these muscles so you can control or relax them completely:

  • To identify which muscles are involved, alternately start and stop urinating when using the toilet.

  • Practice tightening and releasing these muscles while sitting, standing, walking, driving, watching TV or listening to music. For awhile, you may experience some pelvic pain.

  • Tighten the muscles a small amount at a time, "like an elevator going up to the 10th floor." Then release very slowly, "one floor at a time."

  • Tighten the muscles from front to back, including the anus, as in the previous exercise.

  • Practice exercises every morning, afternoon and evening. Start with 5 times each, and gradually work up to 20 to 30 each time.


  • If the stress incontinence is not severe enough to require surgery, exercise can improve the muscle function. If it is severe, it can often be cured with surgery. Consult with your health care provider to determine your options for your specific situation.


  • Complete loss of urinary control. This requires surgery.
  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Social isolation due to concern about embarrassment.
  • Kidney failure.


  • Urinalysis and other laboratory studies will help determine if a urinary tract infection is causing the symptoms.


  • Treatment, as needed, for any infections or tumors.

  • Weight loss, smoking cessation, cough suppression may be indicated. If you are overweight, adopt a healthy weight-loss diet and exercise program to help you to lose the excess pounds. Obesity is a common factor in incontinence.

  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Obesity
    MoonDragon's Nutrition - Diets: Weight Controlled Diet
    MoonDragon's Nutrition - Diets: Weight Loss Diet

  • Other therapy possibilities include biofeedback, electrical stimulation, or special weights to strengthen pelvic muscles.

  • Practice good genital hygiene.

  • Wear absorbent underpants or incontinence pads if needed.

  • Do not use "feminine hygiene sprays," talcum baby powder, packaged douches, bubble baths, or tampons, sanitary pads, or toilet paper containing fragrance. The chemicals these products contain are potentially irritating.

  • A pessary (support device) made of rubber or other material to fit inside the vagina to support the uterus and lower muscular layer of the bladder is helpful for some.

  • Frequently, it is necessary to have urodynamic testing (studies of the actual urine flow), either in the health care provider's office or at a special clinic, to evaluate the incontinence and confirm it is stress related and not a combination of stress and urge incontinence.

  • Learn and practice Kegel Exercises.

  • Surgery to tighten relaxed or damaged muscles that support the bladder helps some.

  • stress incontinence surgery

    Retropubic suspension is a surgical technique used to improve urinary continence. In the procedure the bladder neck and urethra within the pelvic region are elevated and stitched to the pubic bone.

    stress incontinence vaginal wall

    Anterior vaginal wall repair is a procedure performed to improve urinary continence. The pubocervical fascia is folded and stitched to bring the bladder and urethra into the proper position.


    Surgery is recommended only after other treatment options have proven unsuccessful.

    Alternative Names: Urethral suspension; Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz operation; MMK; Pubo-Vaginal sling; Burch procedure; Trans-Vaginal tape procedure; TVT procedure; Vesicourethral suspension.

    Definition: Surgeries for female stress incontinence help control involuntary leakage of urine by supporting the structure of the urethra and bladder.

    Description: Open bladder and urethral surgeries are usually performed to prevent urine leakage associated with stress incontinence. Stress incontinence is an involuntary leakage of urine that occurs when laughing, coughing, sneezing, or lifting. The condition can be caused by deformity or damage to the urethra, bladder, or pelvic muscles. Multiple births and menopause can cause a loss of muscle tone in the bladder area. The bladder may sag into or outside the vagina. You may feel this during sexual intercourse, or may even see the bladder protruding outside of the vagina.

    Surgery is done to try and return the bladder and urethra to its normal position. There are two common ways of performing stress incontinence surgery: through the abdominal wall or though the vagina.

    Surgery may either require general anesthesia, local anesthesia, or regional (spinal) anesthesia. You may return from surgery with a Foley catheter or a suprapubic catheter in place. The urine may initially appear bloody, but this should gradually go away. How long the Foley or suprapubic catheter stays in place depends on your ability to completely empty your bladder. It may be removed several days after surgery or, in rare cases, it may stay in place for a longer period of time.


    This treatment option uses a cystoscope (tube to view the bladder area) to inject a bulking agent such as collagen into the urethra. Such injections help make the opening of the urethra smaller, which prevents urine loss.

    Indications: Repair of the bladder and urethra may be recommended for treatment of stress incontinence (inability to prevent urine leakage when coughing, sneezing, laughing, jumping, walking, sitting, or standing).

    Risks for these types of surgeries may include:
    • Bladder or urethra injury.
    • Incomplete cure of stress incontinence.
    • Urinary retention.
    • Overactive bladder.
    Risks for any anesthesia are:
    • Reactions to medications.
    • Problems breathing.

    Risks for any surgery are:
    • Bleeding.
    • Infection.

    Expectations after surgery: This surgery can be very helpful for people with stress incontinence.

    Convalescence: The amount of time it takes to recover from surgery depends on the individual. Based on an evaluation of your health status prior to surgery, your health care provider can give you a good estimate of your recovery time.

    Additional Incontinence Information is available from:
      National Association For Continence (NAFC)
      P.O. Box 1019
      Charleston, SC 29402-1019
      Toll Free Phone: 1-800-BLADDER
      Phone: 1-843-377-0900
      Fax: 1-843-377-0905

      The Simon Foundation for Continence
      Post Office Box 815
      Wilmette, Illinois 60091 USA
      Toll Free Phone: 1-800-23-SIMON (237-4666)
      Chicago HQ Office Phone: 847-864-3913
      Chicago HQ Office Fax: 847-864-9758


  • Sympathomimetic (alpha-adrenergic) drug therapy, which helps urethral muscles, may be prescribed. Tolterodine (Detrol), an antispasmodic drug, may be prescribed for some types of incontinence. Muscle relaxers and calcium channel blockers may be tried as well.

  • Local injections of Botulinum toxin (BoTox) are sometimes recommended for men who have bladder control difficulties related to prostate problems.

  • Cantharis is a homeopathic remedy for pain during urination and for frequent urination.

  • Antibiotics may be prescribed if there is a complicating urinary tract infection. If antibiotics are prescribed, be sure to eat active culture yogurt every day or take an Acidophilus supplement every day to restore normal bacterial intestinal flora that is destroyed by antibiotic use while treating the infection.

  • Estrogen therapy may be prescribed.

  • A Kidney Bladder Formula and Cornsilk Blend are herbal formulas that have a diuretic effect and reduce bladder spasms. Take 2 capsules twice daily.


  • No specific activity restrictions. However, if you have problems with stress or urge incontinence, it is wise to keep your bladder as empty as possible with frequent restroom visits and/or either stay near a restroom to help prevent accidents. If you are traveling, stop frequently at rest areas to relieve your bladder. Wearing incontinence pads or other feminine product pads may help with unexpected emergencies (such as lifting, coughing or sneezing) or if you are traveling long distances where you may not have frequent restroom visits. Do not delay emptying the bladder. Make sure that you urinate every two to three waking hours, often referred to as "voiding by the clock."


  • Watch fluid intake when outside of home, traveling, or where a restroom is not conveniently available.
  • Avoid stressful situations where loss of urine may occur such as bending, lifting, rising from a sitting position, etc.
  • People with urge incontinence may find it helpful to avoid activities that irritate the urethra and bladder, such as taking bubble baths or using caustic soaps in the genital area.


    If you have surgery to repair a problem, consult with your health care provider about any specific activity restrictions you may need to know about.


  • Decrease amount of caffeine, carbonated beverages, coffee, chocolate, refined or processed foods, and alcohol. Caffeine is a natural diuretic and alcohol (especially beer) may increase the need for frequent urination. Avoid soda pop and simple sugars. Chemicals in foods, drugs, and impure water have an adverse effect on the bladder.

  • Start a weight loss program if being overweight is a problem.

  • Avoid high volume of fluid intake in situations where access to bathroom facilities may be limited (such as airplane or road trips, shopping).


  • Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids help with the formation of collagen, which is important for those suffering from incontinence.
  • Vitamin A helps the body produce collagen and can also encourage the strength of cartilage.
  • Manganese is needed for healthy bones, cartilage and skin.
  • Amino Acids helps strengthen the bladder muscle.
  • Multi-Vitamin and Multi-Mineral Supplements supplies all necessary nutrients and relieves stress.
  • MSM and SAM-e normalize the bladder lining.
  • Kava Kava is an anti-spasmodic traditionally used by Hawaiians for urinary difficulties. It can help ease bladder contractions and acts as a sedative.
  • Cranberry is an acidic known to benefit the bladder.
  • Saw Palmetto has shown exceptional results for bladder control problems in both males and females.
  • Zinc is effective in improving bladder function.


    The following nutrients are important for healing once appropriate local treatment has been administered. Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.

    Suggested Dosage
    Very Important
    1 quart pure, unsweetened cranberry juice daily. If pure juice is unavailable, cranberry capsules may be substituted. Take capsules with a large glass of water. Acidifies the urine and inhibits bacterial growth.

  • Cranberry Herbal Products
  • Free-Form Amino Acid Complex
    As directed on label. Helps to strengthen bladder muscle. Use a product made from a vegetarian source.

  • Amino Acid Complex Supplement Products
  • Corn Silk (Cornsilk)
    2 capsules daily. Have a diuretic effect and reduce bladder spasms.

  • Cornsilk Herbal Products
  • Important
    1,500 mg daily.

    750 mg daily.
    Reduces bladder irritability and aids in controlling bladder spasms.

    Aids in the stress response and works best when balanced with calcium. Use magnesium chelate form.

  • Calcium Supplement Products
  • Magnesium Supplement Products
  • MultiVitamin & Mineral Complex
    As directed on label. For essential balanced vitamins and minerals. All nutrients are needed in balance for healing and tissue repair. Essential for normal cell division and function. Use a high potency, hypoallergenic form.

  • Multivitamin Supplement Products
  • Mineral Complex Supplement Products
  • Potassium
    99 mg daily. Replaces potassium lost as a result of frequent urination. Aids in balancing sodium and potassium in the body.

  • Potassium Supplement Products
  • Vitamin A
    10,000 IU daily. Antioxidants that enhance immunity and to aid in normalizing bladder muscle function. For essential balanced vitamins and minerals

  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • And
    Beta-Carotene & Carotene Complex
    15,000 IU daily. Antioxidants that enhance immunity and to aid in normalizing bladder muscle function. For essential balanced vitamins and minerals.

  • Beta Carotene Supplement Products
  • Carotene Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B Complex
    50 to 100 mg twice daily, with meals. Amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg Vitamin B-3 (Niacin) in any one day until healing is complete. B vitamins that improved circulation, build red blood cells, and aid liver function. Anti-stress vitamins, especially important for normal brain function. Needed for tissue repair. Necessary for proper digestion. High doses are necessary if antibiotics are used. Sublingual forms are recommended.

  • Vitamin B-Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin C
    Vitamin C: 2,000 to 5,000 mg daily and up in divided doses.

    Bioflavonoids: 1,000 mg daily.
    Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids help with the formation of collagen, which is important for those suffering from incontinence. A powerful antiviral agent. Produces antibacterial effect through acidification of urine. Important in immune function.

  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoid Supplement Products
  • Vitamin E
    200 IU daily or 400 IU every other day. Combats infecting bacteria. Use d-alpha-tocopherol form.

  • Vitamin E Supplement Products
  • Zinc
    80 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Important for improved bladder function and in tissue repair. Also enhances immunity. Use zinc gluconate lozenges or OptiZinc for best absorption.

  • Zinc Supplement Products


  • If you or a family member has symptoms of stress incontinence and are causing you problems.
  • Signs of infection: fever, pain on urination, frequent urination or a general ill feeling.
  • If symptoms do not improve after 3 months of Kegel exercises and medicines.
  • If symptoms become intolerable and you wish to consider surgery.

  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Cystitis (Bladder Infection)
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Urge Incontinence
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Interstitial Cystitis (Bladder Wall Inflammation)
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Disorders: Urethritis (Urethra Inflammation)
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Procedures: Cystoscopy
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Procedures: Kegel Exercises
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Bed Wetting
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Parkinson's Disease
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Prostate Cancer
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Prostatitis


    Information for help with bladder infection and cystitis, a condition that occurs when bacteria (usually E. coli that is normally found in the colon) enters the bladder. Products for urinary tract infection, urinary detox and urinary support.

  • Acidophilus Supplement Products
  • AHCC Supplement Products
  • Alfalfa Herbal Products
  • Almond (Sweet) Herbal Oil
  • Amino Acids Complex Products
  • Angelica Herbal Products
  • Anantmul Herbal Products
  • Apple Cider Vinegar Products
  • Apricot Kernel Herbal Oil Products
  • Avocado Herbal Oil Products
  • Bath Therapy Products
  • Bedwetting Supplies Products
  • Beet Herbal Products
  • Beta Carotene Supplement Products
  • Bio-Chlor-Dox Supplement Products
  • Bifidus Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Birch Herbal Products
  • Buchu Herbal Products
  • Burdock Herbal Products
  • Butchers Broom Herbal Products
  • Calcium Products
  • Calcium-Magnesium Complex Products
  • Calendula Herbal Products
  • Carotene Complex Supplement Products
  • Cayenne Herbal Products
  • Celery Herbal Products
  • Chamomile Essential Oil Products
  • Chlorophyll Herbal Products
  • Colloidal Silver Supplement Products
  • Copper Supplement Products
  • Cornsilk Herbal Products
  • Couchgrass Herbal Products
  • Cranberry Herbal Products
  • Cysteine Amino Acid Products
  • Dandelion Herbal Products
  • Diuretic Supplement Products
  • D-Mannose Supplement Products
  • Echinacea Herbal Products
  • Elecampane Herbal Products
  • Essiac Herbal Products
  • Fluid Retention Supplement Products
  • Garlic & Kyolic Garlic Herbal Products
  • Garlicin Supplement Products
  • Gokshura Herbal Products
  • Goldenrod Herbal Products
  • Goldenseal Herbal Products
  • Grapeseed Herbal Oil Products

  • Gravelroot Herbal Products
  • Honeybush Herbal Products
  • Horsetail Herbal Products
  • Hydrangea Herbal Products
  • Incontinence Pads Products
  • Jojoba Herbal Oil Products
  • Juniper Essential Oil Products
  • Juniper Herbal Products
  • Kava Kava Herbal Products
  • Kidney-Bladder Supplement Products
  • Kidney Supplement Products
  • Licorice Herbal Products
  • Magnesium Supplement Products
  • Manganese Supplement Products
  • Marshmallow Herbal Products
  • Molybdenum Supplement Products
  • MSM Supplement Products
  • Multimineral Supplement Products
  • MultiVitamin Supplement Products
  • Nettle Herbal Products
  • Parsley Herbal Products
  • Peach Detox Herbal Products
  • Peppermint Herbal Products
  • Peppermint Essential Oil Products
  • pH Neutral Bath Soap
  • Potassium Supplement Products
  • Prickley Pear Herbal Products
  • Prostactive Supplement Products
  • Prostate Support Formula Products
  • Rose Hips (Rosehips) Herbal Products
  • SAM-3 Supplement Products
  • Sandalwood Essential Oil Products
  • Saw Palmetto Herbal Products
  • Sesame Herbal Oil Products
  • Shilajit Herbal Products
  • Spearmint Herbal Products
  • Theraclear Antiparasite Formula Products
  • Triphala Herbal Products
  • Unscented Soap Products
  • Uva Ursi Herbal Products
  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Vitamin E Supplement Products
  • Watermelon Herbal Products
  • Whey Supplement Products
  • Wild Carrot Herbal Products
  • Zinc Supplement Products


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    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
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    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
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    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
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    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
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    Palm Oil
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    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index


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