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MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diets
SODIUM-CONTROLLED DIET
2.0 to 2.5 Grams




PURPOSE


Sodium-controlled diets are used to reduce blood pressure in hypertension and to promote the loss of excess fluids in edema due to cardiovascular or renal disease and in ascites due to hepatic disease. Sodium-controlled diets may also enhance the action of some medications.




DESCRIPTION


2.0 to 2.5 grams Sodium (86 to 109 mEq Na)

This level of sodium is used for low salt, low sodium, salt-free, and no salt diet recommendations. Foods high in sodium content are omitted. One-fourth teaspoon of salt is allowed in the preparation of food or may be used at the table. Since sodium is widely distributed in foods, portions and number of servings are restricted according to the sodium content.







BASIC INFORMATION


Salt substitutes should be approved by the health care provider. Salt-free herbs and spices may be used freely. Carefully reading labels is important as some salt-replacement seasonings contain sodium chloride. "Light" salts which are a mixture of potassium chloride and sodium chloride are also limited on sodium-controlled diets.

Approximately 75 percent of the sodium Americans consume is added to foods during processing. The following list will help you interpret sodium information on food labels:
  • Sodium Free - 5 mg or less of sodium per serving.
  • Very Low Sodium - 35 mg or less of sodium per serving.
  • Low Sodium - 140 mg or less of sodium per serving.
  • Reduced Sodium - 75 percent less sodium than the original version of the product.
  • No Added Salt or Unsalted - No salt is added during processing (but this does not guarantee the food product is naturally low in sodium).





WATER SUPPLY


Water supplies vary in natural sodium content. For the sodium content in your water supply, call your city's Water Department. Water softeners may add large amounts of sodium to the water. The sodium content of softened water ranges between 7 and 220 mg per quart. The company that installed your softener can tell you how much sodium is in your system. Distilled drinking water may be used for cooking and drinking when water supplies contain more than 120 mg sodium per liter and the diet is below 2.5 grams. If you use a quality bottled water for cooking and drinking, find out if sodium has been added and the sodium content of the water before you use it.




RECOMMENDED INTAKE


The estimated average intake of sodium in the American diet ranges from 4 to 5.8 grams per day. The American Heart Association recommends that sodium intake should not exceed 3 grams per day. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute recommends a maximum of 3.3 grams of sodium for healthy adults.




HYPERTENSION (HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE)


Treatment for hypertension is not limited to taking medicines and the control of sodium intake. Lifestyle and dietary treatments also play a role:
  • Cigarette smoking cessation.
  • Weight reduction (if overweight).
  • Excessive alcohol intake reduction.
  • Stress reduction.
  • Increased aerobic exercise.
  • Generous intakes of potassium and calcium.
  • Correction of magnesium deficiency.

While the medical management of high blood pressure has greatly improved, not all clients are benefited by and/or can tolerate anti-hypertensive drugs. Changing lifestyle habits or diet will often result in a reduction in drug requirements and thereby decrease costs and adverse reactions.

Approximately 10 percent of the population has elevated blood pressure that is markedly affected by salt. Scientific debate continues about recommendations for everyone to cut back on the salt. There is still a great deal to be learned about how salt impacts on blood pressure. There is no simple inexpensive test to learn who is salt sensitive. Most experts believe it would be prudent to limit sodium intake. It is especially important for many elderly Americans, and those already afflicted with hypertension. Native Americans, especially those who develop the nephropathy of diabetes mellitus, are also at particular risk of hypertension.

MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)





SODIUM-CONTROLLED DIET FOOD LIST

FOOD GROUP
(& RECOMMENDED SERVING)
FOODS ALLOWED
FOODS TO AVOID
Milk & Dairy Products
(1 to 4 Servings/day)

Any milk - white, low-fat, skim, chocolate and cocoa; yogurt; eggnog, ice cream, sherbet, natural cheese (limit 1 ounce per day). Substitute for 8 ounces milk: 4 ounces evaporated milk, 4 ounces condensed milk, or 1/3 cup dry milk powder.

Buttermilk, malted milk.
Meat & Meat Substitutes
(6 ounces per day)

Fresh or fresh frozen beef, lamb, pork, veal and game; chicken, turkey, Cornish hen or other poultry; any fresh-water or fresh-frozen unbreaded fish and shell fish; low-sodium canned tuna or salmon; low-sodium peanut butter; eggs, dried beans and peas.

Any meat, fish or poultry that is smoked, cured, salted or canned such as bacon, dried beef, corned beef, cold cuts, ham, turkey ham, hot dogs, sausages, sardines, anchovies, pickled herring or pickled meats, pickled eggs.
Breads & Grains
(6 or more servings/day)

Enriched white, wheat, rye and pumpernickel bread; hard rolls, bagels, English muffins, cooked cereal without salt; dry low-sodium cereals; unsalted crackers and bread sticks; corn or flour tortillas; biscuits, muffins, cornbread, pancakes, and waffles all made with low-sodium baking powder; low-sodium or homemade bread crumbs; rice, noodles, barley, spaghetti, macaroni and other pastas; homemade bread stuffing.

Breads and rolls with salted tops; quick breads; instant hot cereals; dry cereals with added salt; crackers with salted tops; pancakes, waffles, muffins, biscuits, and cornbread with salt, baking powder, self-rising flour or instant mixes; regular bread crumbs or cracker crumbs; instant rice and pasta mixes; commercial stuffing; commercial casserole mixes.
Vegetables
(3 or more servings/day)

Fresh, frozen and low-sodium canned vegetables; regular canned, drained vegetables (limit 1/2 cup serving per day); low-sodium vegetable juice; regular vegetable juice (limit 1/2 cup per day); white or sweet potatoes; salt-free potato chips.

Regular canned vegetables (over 1/2 cup per day); vegetable juices; sauerkraut; pickled vegetables and others prepared in brine; potato casserole mixes; potato chips; frozen vegetables in sauce.
Fruits
(3 to 4 or more servings per day)

All fruits and juices.

None except salted prunes (saladitos)
Desserts & Sweets

Any sweets like sugar, honey, jam, jelly, syrup, marmalade, hard candy; limit regular baked products (cake, pie, cookies) to 1 serving per day.

None.
Beverages

Coffee, tea, soft drinks, Postum, alcoholic beverages (with health care provider's approval)

Commercially softened water as beverage or in food preparation.
Miscellaneous

Limit added salt to 1/4 teaspoon per day, may be used in cooking or at the table; limit to 3 teaspoons salted butter or margarine per day; salt-free butter or margarine; vegetable oils, shortening, and mayonnaise; salt-free salad dressings; salt substitute (with health care provider's approval); pepper, herbs and spices; flavorings; vinegar and lemon or lime juice; salt-free seasonings; low-sodium condiments; catsup, chili sauce, mustard, and pickles; fresh-ground horseradish; Tabasco sauce; homemade or salt-free soups; low-sodium baking powder; unsalted snacks; nuts, seeds, pretzels and popcorn.

Added salt in excess of 1/4 teaspoon per day; light-salt; garlic salt; celery salt; onion salt; and seasoned salt; sea salt; rock salt; and kosher salt; seasonings containing salt and sodium compounds; monosodium glutamate (MSG, Accent); regular catsup, chili sauce, mustard, pickles, relishes, olives and horseradish; Kitchen Bouquet, gravy and sauce mixes; barbecue sauce, soy and teriyaki sauce; Worcestershire and steak sauce; salted snack foods; nuts, seeds, pretzels and popcorn; commercially made prepared convenience foods; regular canned or dried soups.




SODIUM-CONTROLLED DIET - Sample Menu

SUGGESTED MEAL PLAN
SUGGESTED FOODS & BEVERAGES

BREAKFAST
Fruit Juice
Cereal
Meat/Meat Substitute
Bread-Margarine
Milk / Beverage

SUGGESTED BREAKFAST
1/2 Grapefruit
1 ounce Cornflakes
1 Egg (optional)
2 slices Whole Wheat Toast w/ 1 teaspoon Margarine*
1 cup 2% Milk* / Coffee or Tea

DINNER - NOON OR EVENING MEAL
Meat/Meat Substitute
Potato/Potato Substitute
Vegetable and/or Salad
Bread-Margarine
Dessert
Beverage

SUGGESTED LUNCH/DINNER
3 ounces Salt-Free Hamburger Patty
Salt-Free Oven Fries
Tomato Slices & 1/4 cup Lettuce
1 cup Salt-Free Vegetable Beef Soup
Hamburger Bun
2 Oatmeal Raisin Cookies
1/2 cup Fresh Fruit
Coffee or Tea

SUPPER - EVENING OR NOON MEAL
Soup or Juice
Meat/Meat Substitute
Potato/Potato Substitute
Vegetable and/or Salad
Bread-Margarine
Dessert
Milk / Beverage

SUGGESTED SUPPER/DINNER
1/2 cup Salt-Free Tomato Juice
3 ounces Salt-Free Herbed Baked Chicken
1/2 cup Salt-Free Brown Rice
1/2 cup Carrot-Raisin Salad / 1 teaspoon Dressing
1 slice Whole Wheat Bread / 1 teaspoon Margarine*
4 ounce Strawberry Frozen Yogurt
1 cup 2% Milk* / Coffee or Tea

SNACK

EVENING SNACK
1/2 cup Apple Juice
2 Squares Graham Cracker
1/2 cup 2% Milk*

* To reduce fat in your diet, omit margarine and use 1% or skim milk.





NUTRIENT ANALYSIS


  • Calories
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Fat
  • Cholesterol
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Niacin
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamin
  • Folate
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Sodium
  • Potassium

  • 2344 Kcal
  • 108 gm
  • 330 gm
  • 70 gm
  • 201 mg
  • 29 gm
  • 1812 IU
  • 248 mg
  • 32 mg
  • 2.6 mg
  • 1.7 mg
  • 239 mcg
  • 1257 mg
  • 1702 mg
  • 14 mg
  • 15 mg
  • 2383 mg
  • 3675 mg




  • NOTE: Bulk herbs and supplements are available through Mountain Rose Herbs and our other merchants listed below.

    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diet Index
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Recipe Index
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index





    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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