MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diets
2.0 to 2.5 Grams
Sodium-controlled diets are used to reduce blood pressure in hypertension and to promote the loss of excess fluids in edema due to cardiovascular or renal disease and in ascites due to hepatic disease. Sodium-controlled diets may also enhance the action of some medications.
2.0 to 2.5 grams Sodium (86 to 109 mEq Na)
This level of sodium is used for low salt, low sodium, salt-free, and no salt diet recommendations. Foods high in sodium content are omitted. One-fourth teaspoon of salt is allowed in the preparation of food or may be used at the table. Since sodium is widely distributed in foods, portions and number of servings are restricted according to the sodium content.
Salt substitutes should be approved by the health care provider. Salt-free herbs and spices may be used freely. Carefully reading labels is important as some salt-replacement seasonings contain sodium chloride. "Light" salts which are a mixture of potassium chloride and sodium chloride are also limited on sodium-controlled diets.
Approximately 75 percent of the sodium Americans consume is added to foods during processing. The following list will help you interpret sodium information on food labels:
- Sodium Free - 5 mg or less of sodium per serving.
- Very Low Sodium - 35 mg or less of sodium per serving.
- Low Sodium - 140 mg or less of sodium per serving.
- Reduced Sodium - 75 percent less sodium than the original version of the product.
- No Added Salt or Unsalted - No salt is added during processing (but this does not guarantee the food product is naturally low in sodium).
Water supplies vary in natural sodium content. For the sodium content in your water supply, call your city's Water Department. Water softeners may add large amounts of sodium to the water. The sodium content of softened water ranges between 7 and 220 mg per quart. The company that installed your softener can tell you how much sodium is in your system. Distilled drinking water may be used for cooking and drinking when water supplies contain more than 120 mg sodium per liter and the diet is below 2.5 grams. If you use a quality bottled water for cooking and drinking, find out if sodium has been added and the sodium content of the water before you use it.
The estimated average intake of sodium in the American diet ranges from 4 to 5.8 grams per day. The American Heart Association recommends that sodium intake should not exceed 3 grams per day. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute recommends a maximum of 3.3 grams of sodium for healthy adults.
HYPERTENSION (HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE)
Treatment for hypertension is not limited to taking medicines and the control of sodium intake. Lifestyle and dietary treatments also play a role:
- Cigarette smoking cessation.
- Weight reduction (if overweight).
- Excessive alcohol intake reduction.
- Stress reduction.
- Increased aerobic exercise.
- Generous intakes of potassium and calcium.
- Correction of magnesium deficiency.
While the medical management of high blood pressure has greatly improved, not all clients are benefited by and/or can tolerate anti-hypertensive drugs. Changing lifestyle habits or diet will often result in a reduction in drug requirements and thereby decrease costs and adverse reactions.
Approximately 10 percent of the population has elevated blood pressure that is markedly affected by salt. Scientific debate continues about recommendations for everyone to cut back on the salt. There is still a great deal to be learned about how salt impacts on blood pressure. There is no simple inexpensive test to learn who is salt sensitive. Most experts believe it would be prudent to limit sodium intake. It is especially important for many elderly Americans, and those already afflicted with hypertension. Native Americans, especially those who develop the nephropathy of diabetes mellitus, are also at particular risk of hypertension.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
SODIUM-CONTROLLED DIET FOOD LIST
(& RECOMMENDED SERVING)
FOODS ALLOWED FOODS TO AVOID Milk & Dairy Products
(1 to 4 Servings/day)
Any milk - white, low-fat, skim, chocolate and cocoa; yogurt; eggnog, ice cream, sherbet, natural cheese (limit 1 ounce per day). Substitute for 8 ounces milk: 4 ounces evaporated milk, 4 ounces condensed milk, or 1/3 cup dry milk powder.
Buttermilk, malted milk.
Meat & Meat Substitutes
(6 ounces per day)
Fresh or fresh frozen beef, lamb, pork, veal and game; chicken, turkey, Cornish hen or other poultry; any fresh-water or fresh-frozen unbreaded fish and shell fish; low-sodium canned tuna or salmon; low-sodium peanut butter; eggs, dried beans and peas.
Any meat, fish or poultry that is smoked, cured, salted or canned such as bacon, dried beef, corned beef, cold cuts, ham, turkey ham, hot dogs, sausages, sardines, anchovies, pickled herring or pickled meats, pickled eggs.
Breads & Grains
(6 or more servings/day)
Enriched white, wheat, rye and pumpernickel bread; hard rolls, bagels, English muffins, cooked cereal without salt; dry low-sodium cereals; unsalted crackers and bread sticks; corn or flour tortillas; biscuits, muffins, cornbread, pancakes, and waffles all made with low-sodium baking powder; low-sodium or homemade bread crumbs; rice, noodles, barley, spaghetti, macaroni and other pastas; homemade bread stuffing.
Breads and rolls with salted tops; quick breads; instant hot cereals; dry cereals with added salt; crackers with salted tops; pancakes, waffles, muffins, biscuits, and cornbread with salt, baking powder, self-rising flour or instant mixes; regular bread crumbs or cracker crumbs; instant rice and pasta mixes; commercial stuffing; commercial casserole mixes.
(3 or more servings/day)
Fresh, frozen and low-sodium canned vegetables; regular canned, drained vegetables (limit 1/2 cup serving per day); low-sodium vegetable juice; regular vegetable juice (limit 1/2 cup per day); white or sweet potatoes; salt-free potato chips.
Regular canned vegetables (over 1/2 cup per day); vegetable juices; sauerkraut; pickled vegetables and others prepared in brine; potato casserole mixes; potato chips; frozen vegetables in sauce.
(3 to 4 or more servings per day)
All fruits and juices.
None except salted prunes (saladitos)
Desserts & Sweets
Any sweets like sugar, honey, jam, jelly, syrup, marmalade, hard candy; limit regular baked products (cake, pie, cookies) to 1 serving per day.
Coffee, tea, soft drinks, Postum, alcoholic beverages (with health care provider's approval)
Commercially softened water as beverage or in food preparation.
Limit added salt to 1/4 teaspoon per day, may be used in cooking or at the table; limit to 3 teaspoons salted butter or margarine per day; salt-free butter or margarine; vegetable oils, shortening, and mayonnaise; salt-free salad dressings; salt substitute (with health care provider's approval); pepper, herbs and spices; flavorings; vinegar and lemon or lime juice; salt-free seasonings; low-sodium condiments; catsup, chili sauce, mustard, and pickles; fresh-ground horseradish; Tabasco sauce; homemade or salt-free soups; low-sodium baking powder; unsalted snacks; nuts, seeds, pretzels and popcorn.
Added salt in excess of 1/4 teaspoon per day; light-salt; garlic salt; celery salt; onion salt; and seasoned salt; sea salt; rock salt; and kosher salt; seasonings containing salt and sodium compounds; monosodium glutamate (MSG, Accent); regular catsup, chili sauce, mustard, pickles, relishes, olives and horseradish; Kitchen Bouquet, gravy and sauce mixes; barbecue sauce, soy and teriyaki sauce; Worcestershire and steak sauce; salted snack foods; nuts, seeds, pretzels and popcorn; commercially made prepared convenience foods; regular canned or dried soups.
SODIUM-CONTROLLED DIET - Sample Menu
SUGGESTED MEAL PLAN SUGGESTED FOODS & BEVERAGES
Milk / Beverage
1 ounce Cornflakes
1 Egg (optional)
2 slices Whole Wheat Toast w/ 1 teaspoon Margarine*
1 cup 2% Milk* / Coffee or Tea
DINNER - NOON OR EVENING MEAL
Vegetable and/or Salad
3 ounces Salt-Free Hamburger Patty
Salt-Free Oven Fries
Tomato Slices & 1/4 cup Lettuce
1 cup Salt-Free Vegetable Beef Soup
2 Oatmeal Raisin Cookies
1/2 cup Fresh Fruit
Coffee or Tea
SUPPER - EVENING OR NOON MEAL
Soup or Juice
Vegetable and/or Salad
Milk / Beverage
1/2 cup Salt-Free Tomato Juice
3 ounces Salt-Free Herbed Baked Chicken
1/2 cup Salt-Free Brown Rice
1/2 cup Carrot-Raisin Salad / 1 teaspoon Dressing
1 slice Whole Wheat Bread / 1 teaspoon Margarine*
4 ounce Strawberry Frozen Yogurt
1 cup 2% Milk* / Coffee or Tea
1/2 cup Apple Juice
2 Squares Graham Cracker
1/2 cup 2% Milk*
* To reduce fat in your diet, omit margarine and use 1% or skim milk.
Calories Protein Carbohydrate Fat Cholesterol Dietary Fiber Vitamin A Vitamin C Niacin Riboflavin Thiamin Folate Calcium Phosphorus Zinc Iron Sodium Potassium
2344 Kcal 108 gm 330 gm 70 gm 201 mg 29 gm 1812 IU 248 mg 32 mg 2.6 mg 1.7 mg 239 mcg 1257 mg 1702 mg 14 mg 15 mg 2383 mg 3675 mg
NOTE: Bulk herbs and supplements are available through Mountain Rose Herbs and our other merchants listed below.
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diet Index
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Recipe Index
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
For a full list of available products from Mountain Rose Herbs, click on banner below:
MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.