MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diets
CHOLESTEROL- & FAT-RESTRICTED DIET
The low fat / low cholesterol diets are designed to reduce serum lipids for the treatment and prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). It is believed, and recent studies support the idea, that lowering the levels of cholesterol in the blood will prevent the formation of fatty plaques found in the thickening of the artery walls, known as atherosclerosis.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Atherosclerosis & Arteriosclerosis
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac & Circulation Disorders
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac Nutrition
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac Problems
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiovascular Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Circulatory System
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Heart Attack
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: High Cholesterol
Foods high in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol are controlled. Total cholesterol intake is restricted. Limited amounts of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are used as replacements for saturated fats. Calories need to be adjusted to achieve or maintain desired body weight. Lean meat, fish, skinless poultry, non- or lowfat dairy products are included. Fatty meat, organ meats, egg yolks and cheese are limited. Foods high in complex carbohydrates and fiber such as fruits, vegetables, whole grain products and legumes are emphasized.
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Guidelines indicate that a serum total cholesterol should be measured in all adults over the age of 20 at least once every 5 years. Levels below 200 mg/dL are classified as "desirable blood cholesterol", those 200 to 239 mg/dL as "borderline high cholesterol" and those 240 mg/dL as "high blood cholesterol."
Dietary treatments is the primary treatments for elevated serum cholesterol. The goals of therapy are to reduce serum cholesterol to less than 200 mg/dL and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) to less than 130 mg/dL for people with other heart disease risk factors and to 160 mg/dL for clients with no other risk factors. Another goal of therapy is to maintain a nutritionally adequate eating pattern.
DIET THERAPY OF BLOOD CHOLESTEROL
NUTRIENT RECOMMENDED INTAKE Total Fat Less than 30% of Total Calories Saturated Fat Less than 10% of Total Calories Polyunsaturated Fat Up to 10% of Total Calories Monounsaturated Fat 10 to 15% of Total Calories Carbohydrates 50 to 60% of Total Calories Protein 10 to 20% of Total Calories Cholesterol Less than 300 mg Total Calories To achieve and maintain desirable weight
Cholesterol is found only in animal products. Saturated fats are often solid at room temperature and are usually found in animal products, such as meats, poultry, butter, cheese and ice cream. Plant sources of saturated fats include palm oil, palm kernel oil and coconut oil. Monounsaturated fats are found in products, such as olive oil, peanuts, flaxseed oil and canola (rapeseed) oil. Polyunsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature and are found in safflower, sunflower, corn, soybean and cottonseed oils.
Along with cholesterol testing, all adults should be evaluated for other CHD risk factors such as hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus and obesity.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Smoking
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Diabetes
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Obesity
FOOD GROUP FOODS ALLOWED FOODS TO AVOID Milk & Dairy
(Limit to 2 to 4 servings a day)
Skim (nonfat) or 1 percent fat milk (liquid, powdered, evaporated), nonfat or low-fat yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese (2 percent fat or less), low-fat cheese (labeled 6 grams of fat or less per ounce); non-fat sour cream; non-fat cream cheese.
Whole milk (4 percent fat) (liquid, evaporated, condensed), 2 percent milk, cream, half and half, imitation milk products, most non-dairy creamers, whipped toppings, whole milk yogurt, regular cottage cheese (4 percent fat), natural cheeses made from whole milk (cheddar, Swiss, blue, Camembert, etc.), cream cheese, goat's milk cheese, sour cream, low-fat cream cheese, low-fat sour cream. NOTE: If 2 percent milk is used, decrease added fat by 1 teaspoon for each cup of milk.
Meats & Meat Substitutes
(Limit to 5 ounces a day from animal products; limit to 4 egg yolks a week)
Dried beans, split peas, lentils, pinto beans cooked without salt, poultry without the skin, fish, tuna packed in water, lean beef (extra lean ground beef, eye of round, sirloin, round tip, round, top round, tenderloin, top loin), lean pork (fresh not cured, tenderloin, leg, shoulder), lamb (arm, leg, loin, rib), shrimp or lobster (limit 3 ounces per week), luncheon meats (1 gram fat or less per ounce), egg whites (2 egg whites equals 1 whole egg), low cholesterol egg substitutes.
Fried meats or meat substitutes, fatty cuts of beef, pork, lamb, goose, duck, liver, kidney, brains, or other organ meats, hot dogs, sausage, bacon, regular luncheon meats, peanut butter, egg yolks.
Breads & Grains
(6 to 11 servings a day)
Whole-grain breads (oatmeal, whole wheat, rye, bran, multigrain, etc.), rice, pasta, homemade baked goods low in fat, low fat crackers (ricecakes, popcorn cakes, Rye Krisp, melba toast, pretzels, breadsticks), hot or cold cereals (with 1 to 2 grams of fat or less per serving).
High fat baked goods (pies, cakes, doughnuts, croissants, pastries, muffins, biscuits), high fat crackers, egg noodles, granola type cereals, cereals with more than 2 grams of fat per serving, pasta and rice prepared with cream, butter, or cheese sauces.
(3 to 5 servings per day or more.)
Any fresh, frozen, canned, dried.
Vegetables prepared in butter, cream or other sauces, fried vegetables.
(4 servings per day or more)
Any fresh, frozen, dried, canned.
Coconuts, avocados, and olives except as allowed under Miscellaneous Foods.
Desserts & Sweets
(Limit to control calories)
Sugar, jelly, jam, honey, molasses, low-fat frozen desserts (sherbet, sorbet, ices, nonfat frozen yogurt, popsicles), angel food cake, low fat cakes and cookies (vanilla wafers, graham crackers, ginger snaps), baking cocoa, low-fat candy (jelly beans, hard candy).
Ice cream, high fat cakes, pies and cookies (most commercially made), chocolate.
Juices, tea, coffee, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated drinks, most alcoholic beverages.
Milkshakes, ice cream floats, eggnog, alcoholic beverages containing milk, cream or coconut, commercially softened water as beverage or in food preparation.
Limit fat based on total number of calories consumed. Generally no more than 6 to 8 servings per day of added fat such as margarine and salad dressing should be eaten; overweight, sedentary or elderly individuals may need less. Limit (1 teaspoon per serving), Unsaturated vegetable oils (corn, olive, canola, safflower, sesame, soybean, sunflower), margarine or shortening made from unsaturated vegetable oils, mayonnaise and salad dressings made from unsaturated oils (1 tablespoon), diet margarine (2 teaspoons), avocado (1/8 medium or 2 tablespoons); salt-free seeds and nuts (1 tablespoon seeds, 6 almonds, 20 small peanuts); salt free peanut butter.
No Limit: Vegetable oil sprays, fat-free salad dressings, fat-free sour cream, herbs, spices, pepper, salt substitute with health care provider's approval, mustard, vinegar, lemon and lime juice, cream sauces made with allowed ingredients.
Butter, coconut oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, lard, bacon fat, salad dressings made with egg yolk, fried snack foods (potato chips, cheese curls, tortilla chips), olives, avocados, regular cream sauces, salt, garlic salt, celery salt, onion salt, seasoned salt.
CHOLESTEROL- & FAT-RESTRICTED DIET - Sample Menu
SUGGESTED MEAL PLAN SUGGESTED FOODS & BEVERAGES
Meat / Meat Substitute
Low Cholesterol Egg Substitute
2 slices Whole Wheat Toast
1 cup 1% Milk*
DINNER - NOON OR EVENING MEAL
Meat / Meat Substitute
Potato / Potato Substitute
Vegetable and / or Salad
Bread - Margarine
3 ounces Fat-free Chicken Breast
Fat-free Sweet Potato
Fat-free Green Beans
Whole Wheat Bread, Margarine*
SUPPER - EVENING OR NOON MEAL
Soup or Juice
Meat / Meat Substitute
Potato / Potato Substitute
Vegetable and / or Salad
1/2 cup Vegetable Juice
3 ounces Fat-free Meatballs in Tomato Sauce
Garlic Bread, 1 teaspoon Margarine*
1 cup 1% Milk*
Coffee or Tea
* To reduce the fat in your diet, omit margarine, use non-fat salad dressing.
Calories Protein Carbohydrate Fat Cholesterol Dietary Fiber Vitamin A Vitamin C Niacin Riboflavin Thiamin Folate Calcium Phosphorus Zinc Iron Sodium Potassium
1781 Kcal 97 gm 255 gm 62 gm 132 mg 42 gm 2885 IU 248 mg 39 mg 2.8 mg 2.5 mg 589 mcg 888 mg 2111 mg 20 mg 23 mg 2803 mg 4579 mg
NOTE: Bulk herbs and supplements are available through Mountain Rose Herbs and our other merchants listed below.
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diet Index
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Recipe Index
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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