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MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diets
CHOLESTEROL- & FAT-RESTRICTED DIET




PURPOSE


The low fat / low cholesterol diets are designed to reduce serum lipids for the treatment and prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). It is believed, and recent studies support the idea, that lowering the levels of cholesterol in the blood will prevent the formation of fatty plaques found in the thickening of the artery walls, known as atherosclerosis.

MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Atherosclerosis & Arteriosclerosis
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac & Circulation Disorders
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac Nutrition
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiac Problems
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiovascular Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Circulatory System
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Heart Attack
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: High Cholesterol





DESCRIPTION


Foods high in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol are controlled. Total cholesterol intake is restricted. Limited amounts of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are used as replacements for saturated fats. Calories need to be adjusted to achieve or maintain desired body weight. Lean meat, fish, skinless poultry, non- or lowfat dairy products are included. Fatty meat, organ meats, egg yolks and cheese are limited. Foods high in complex carbohydrates and fiber such as fruits, vegetables, whole grain products and legumes are emphasized.






BASIC INFORMATION


The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Guidelines indicate that a serum total cholesterol should be measured in all adults over the age of 20 at least once every 5 years. Levels below 200 mg/dL are classified as "desirable blood cholesterol", those 200 to 239 mg/dL as "borderline high cholesterol" and those 240 mg/dL as "high blood cholesterol."

Dietary treatments is the primary treatments for elevated serum cholesterol. The goals of therapy are to reduce serum cholesterol to less than 200 mg/dL and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) to less than 130 mg/dL for people with other heart disease risk factors and to 160 mg/dL for clients with no other risk factors. Another goal of therapy is to maintain a nutritionally adequate eating pattern.


DIET THERAPY OF BLOOD CHOLESTEROL

NUTRIENT
RECOMMENDED INTAKE
Total Fat
Less than 30% of Total Calories
Saturated Fat
Less than 10% of Total Calories
Polyunsaturated Fat
Up to 10% of Total Calories
Monounsaturated Fat
10 to 15% of Total Calories
Carbohydrates
50 to 60% of Total Calories
Protein
10 to 20% of Total Calories
Cholesterol
Less than 300 mg
Total Calories
To achieve and maintain desirable weight


Cholesterol is found only in animal products. Saturated fats are often solid at room temperature and are usually found in animal products, such as meats, poultry, butter, cheese and ice cream. Plant sources of saturated fats include palm oil, palm kernel oil and coconut oil. Monounsaturated fats are found in products, such as olive oil, peanuts, flaxseed oil and canola (rapeseed) oil. Polyunsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature and are found in safflower, sunflower, corn, soybean and cottonseed oils.

Along with cholesterol testing, all adults should be evaluated for other CHD risk factors such as hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus and obesity.

MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Smoking
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Diabetes
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Obesity





FOOD LISTS

FOOD GROUP
FOODS ALLOWED
FOODS TO AVOID
Milk & Dairy
(Limit to 2 to 4 servings a day)

Skim (nonfat) or 1 percent fat milk (liquid, powdered, evaporated), nonfat or low-fat yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese (2 percent fat or less), low-fat cheese (labeled 6 grams of fat or less per ounce); non-fat sour cream; non-fat cream cheese.

Whole milk (4 percent fat) (liquid, evaporated, condensed), 2 percent milk, cream, half and half, imitation milk products, most non-dairy creamers, whipped toppings, whole milk yogurt, regular cottage cheese (4 percent fat), natural cheeses made from whole milk (cheddar, Swiss, blue, Camembert, etc.), cream cheese, goat's milk cheese, sour cream, low-fat cream cheese, low-fat sour cream. NOTE: If 2 percent milk is used, decrease added fat by 1 teaspoon for each cup of milk.
Meats & Meat Substitutes
(Limit to 5 ounces a day from animal products; limit to 4 egg yolks a week)

Dried beans, split peas, lentils, pinto beans cooked without salt, poultry without the skin, fish, tuna packed in water, lean beef (extra lean ground beef, eye of round, sirloin, round tip, round, top round, tenderloin, top loin), lean pork (fresh not cured, tenderloin, leg, shoulder), lamb (arm, leg, loin, rib), shrimp or lobster (limit 3 ounces per week), luncheon meats (1 gram fat or less per ounce), egg whites (2 egg whites equals 1 whole egg), low cholesterol egg substitutes.

Fried meats or meat substitutes, fatty cuts of beef, pork, lamb, goose, duck, liver, kidney, brains, or other organ meats, hot dogs, sausage, bacon, regular luncheon meats, peanut butter, egg yolks.
Breads & Grains
(6 to 11 servings a day)

Whole-grain breads (oatmeal, whole wheat, rye, bran, multigrain, etc.), rice, pasta, homemade baked goods low in fat, low fat crackers (ricecakes, popcorn cakes, Rye Krisp, melba toast, pretzels, breadsticks), hot or cold cereals (with 1 to 2 grams of fat or less per serving).

High fat baked goods (pies, cakes, doughnuts, croissants, pastries, muffins, biscuits), high fat crackers, egg noodles, granola type cereals, cereals with more than 2 grams of fat per serving, pasta and rice prepared with cream, butter, or cheese sauces.
Vegetables
(3 to 5 servings per day or more.)

Any fresh, frozen, canned, dried.

Vegetables prepared in butter, cream or other sauces, fried vegetables.
Fruits
(4 servings per day or more)

Any fresh, frozen, dried, canned.

Coconuts, avocados, and olives except as allowed under Miscellaneous Foods.
Desserts & Sweets
(Limit to control calories)

Sugar, jelly, jam, honey, molasses, low-fat frozen desserts (sherbet, sorbet, ices, nonfat frozen yogurt, popsicles), angel food cake, low fat cakes and cookies (vanilla wafers, graham crackers, ginger snaps), baking cocoa, low-fat candy (jelly beans, hard candy).

Ice cream, high fat cakes, pies and cookies (most commercially made), chocolate.
Beverages

Juices, tea, coffee, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated drinks, most alcoholic beverages.

Milkshakes, ice cream floats, eggnog, alcoholic beverages containing milk, cream or coconut, commercially softened water as beverage or in food preparation.
Miscellaneous Foods

Limit fat based on total number of calories consumed. Generally no more than 6 to 8 servings per day of added fat such as margarine and salad dressing should be eaten; overweight, sedentary or elderly individuals may need less. Limit (1 teaspoon per serving), Unsaturated vegetable oils (corn, olive, canola, safflower, sesame, soybean, sunflower), margarine or shortening made from unsaturated vegetable oils, mayonnaise and salad dressings made from unsaturated oils (1 tablespoon), diet margarine (2 teaspoons), avocado (1/8 medium or 2 tablespoons); salt-free seeds and nuts (1 tablespoon seeds, 6 almonds, 20 small peanuts); salt free peanut butter.

No Limit: Vegetable oil sprays, fat-free salad dressings, fat-free sour cream, herbs, spices, pepper, salt substitute with health care provider's approval, mustard, vinegar, lemon and lime juice, cream sauces made with allowed ingredients.

Butter, coconut oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, lard, bacon fat, salad dressings made with egg yolk, fried snack foods (potato chips, cheese curls, tortilla chips), olives, avocados, regular cream sauces, salt, garlic salt, celery salt, onion salt, seasoned salt.




CHOLESTEROL- & FAT-RESTRICTED DIET - Sample Menu

SUGGESTED MEAL PLAN
SUGGESTED FOODS & BEVERAGES

BREAKFAST
Fruit Juice
Cereal
Meat / Meat Substitute
Bread-Margarine
Milk
Beverage

SUGGESTED BREAKFAST
Grapefruit Half
Bran Flakes
Low Cholesterol Egg Substitute
2 slices Whole Wheat Toast
1 cup 1% Milk*
Coffee

DINNER - NOON OR EVENING MEAL
Meat / Meat Substitute
Potato / Potato Substitute
Vegetable and / or Salad
Bread - Margarine
Dessert
Beverage

SUGGESTED LUNCH/DINNER
3 ounces Fat-free Chicken Breast
Fat-free Sweet Potato
Fat-free Green Beans
Whole Wheat Bread, Margarine*
Strawberries
Iced Tea

SUPPER - EVENING OR NOON MEAL
Soup or Juice
Meat / Meat Substitute
Potato / Potato Substitute
Vegetable and / or Salad
Bread-Margarine
Dessert
Milk
Beverage

SUGGESTED SUPPER/DINNER
1/2 cup Vegetable Juice
3 ounces Fat-free Meatballs in Tomato Sauce
Spaghetti
Fat-free Broccoli
Garlic Bread, 1 teaspoon Margarine*
Fruit Sorbet
1 cup 1% Milk*
Coffee or Tea

* To reduce the fat in your diet, omit margarine, use non-fat salad dressing.





NUTRIENT ANALYSIS


  • Calories
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Fat
  • Cholesterol
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Niacin
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamin
  • Folate
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Sodium
  • Potassium

  • 1781 Kcal
  • 97 gm
  • 255 gm
  • 62 gm
  • 132 mg
  • 42 gm
  • 2885 IU
  • 248 mg
  • 39 mg
  • 2.8 mg
  • 2.5 mg
  • 589 mcg
  • 888 mg
  • 2111 mg
  • 20 mg
  • 23 mg
  • 2803 mg
  • 4579 mg




  • NOTE: Bulk herbs and supplements are available through Mountain Rose Herbs and our other merchants listed below.

    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Diet Index
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Recipe Index
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index






    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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