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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Vitamins
VITAMIN B-3

(Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinic Acid)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Vitamin B-3 Description
  • Vitamin B-3 Health Benefits
  • Vitamin B-3 Uses & Scientific Evidence
  • Vitamin B-3 Dietary Sources
  • Vitamin B-3 Dosage Information
  • Vitamin B-3 Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products




  • vitamin B-3 Niacin


    VITAMIN B-3 DESCRIPTION

    Vitamin B-3 (Niacin) is needed for proper circulation and healthy skin. Vitamin B-3 is a vasodilator which widens the blood vessels which maintains many aspects of the human body. This vitamin comes from nicotinic acid or niacinamide; however, Vitamin B-3 from niacinamide does not have all the components that nicotinic acid has; namely the components that produced lower blood cholesterol levels. Most of the other beneficial components are the same in niacinamide and nicotinic acid.

    Vitamin B-3 aids in the functioning of the nervous system; in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins; and in the production of hydrochloric acid for the digestive system. It is involved in the normal secretion of bile and stomach fluids, and in the synthesis of sex hormones. Vitamin B-3 helps in the maintenance of cardiovascular disease, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and cancer prevention. Niacin, in a supplemental form, is a natural cholesterol-lowering agent that often rivals prescription drugs in mild to moderate cases and it improves circulation. It is helpful for schizophrenia and other mental illnesses or disorders, and is also a memory-enhancer. It may also help to prevent or treat a number of other disorders, from arthritis and depression to diabetes.

    Three forms of niacin supplements - each with a specific therapeutic role - are commercially available: nicotinic acid (also called nicotinate), niacinamide and inositol hexaniacinate, a compound of niacin and inositol (another B-family vitamin).

    Vitamin B-3 supplements may be absorbed in your body at a different rate depending on various factors. It is important to read product label instructions before using. Normally, the body manages to absorb enough niacin from foods to carry out basic functions, working on the cellular level to keep the digestive system, skin and nerves healthy. This vitamin is also critical to releasing energy from carbohydrates and helping to control blood-sugar levels. Interestingly, the body also synthesizes niacin from tryptophan, an amino acid found in eggs, milk and poultry.

    Pellegra is a disease caused by niacin deficiency. Other symptoms of niacin deficiency include canker sores, dementia, depression, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigue, halitosis, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, limb pains, loss of appetite, low blood sugar, muscular weakness, skin eruptions, and inflammation.





    VITAMIN B-3 HEALTH BENEFITS

    Vitamin B-3, also known as niacin, has been used in the treatment of numerous diseases. It is available in several different forms, some are safer than others. This can make supplementation a confusing issue. Taking niacin supplements in high doses can be dangerous to your health. Other forms of vitamin B-3, such as niacinamide or nicotinic acid, are safer to use at higher doses with fewer side effects.

    Vitamin B-3 works with other B-complex vitamins to metabolize food and provide energy for the body. Niacin was first discovered by researchers looking for a link between diet andn the disease pellegra. It was determined that pellegra was common among people with a corn-based diet and they were able to treat the disease with nicotinic acid, a form of niacin. Niacin is very effective at correcting high cholesterol and preventing or reversin heart disease. It can be used to treat insulin-dependent diabetes. It might also be effective in treating arthritis and migraine headaches.

    corn ears


    BRIEF HISTORY OF PELLEGRA & VITAMIN B-3

    In the early part of the 18th century, a disease characterized by red, rough skin began to appear in Europe. Almost 200 years later, the disease was still a scourge - at least for people in the southern United States. The disease, called pellegra, was almost epidemic in the South by the early parts of the 1900s. It was so common that many believed it was an infectious disease spread from person to person. Others thought that flies or eating spoiled corn could cause it. Outbreaks of the malady were often more severe in the spring months when flies hatched. Few people believed that pellegra was a simple dietary deficiency, even though corn-based diets apparently made people susceptible to the disease.

    The first symptoms of pellegra are weakness, loss of appetite, and some digestive disturbances. As the deficiency disease progresses, the skin becomes rough and red in areas exposed to sunlight, heat, or irritation. Later, open sores, diarrhea, dementia, and delirium develop. An finally, death results if the condition is left untreated.

    One person who did notice the dietary link was Dr. Joseph Goldberger. He proved the link between diet and disease by experimenting with the diets of children in a Mississippi orphanage who suffered from pellegra and 11 volunteers from a Mississippi prison farm. In both groups, when Goldberger added lean meat, milk, eggs or yeast, their symptoms vanished. This was in 1915, yet many health care practitioners remained skeptical until 1937 when Conrad Elvehjem and his coworkers at the University of Wisconsin cured dogs with symptoms similar to pellegra by giving them nicotinic acid - a form of niacin. Soon health practitioners were using nicotinic acid to cure pellegra in humans.

    This disease, now rarely seen in the United States, is still common in parts of the world where corn is the major cereal grain. Corn is low in tryptophan, and the niacin it contains is difficult to absorb. In Latin American countries, they combine cornmeal with the mineral lime when making tortilla. The alkalinity of the lime frees the niacin so that it can be absorbed.

    BENEFITS OF VITAMIN B-3

    Like other B vitamins, such mas thiamin and riboflavin, niacin acts as a coenzyme, assisting other substance in the conversion of protein, carbohydrates, and fat into energy. Niacin has a wide range of therapeutic uses. It has been used to treat high cholesterol, insulin dependent diabetes, arthritis and even migraines. Vitamin B-3 is available in three forms: nicotinic acid (also called nicotinate) and niacinamide (also called nicotinamide). Both are found in food, supplements and inositol hexaniacinate, a form available only in supplements. Nicotinic acid and inositol hexaniacinate are both useful in reducing blood cholesterol levels. Niacinamide is helpful for some people with insulin-dependent diabetes and perhaps for arthritis sufferers.

    Large doses of nicotinic acid - 100 mg to 1,000 mg (1 g) daily - are effective in lowering blood levels of triglycerides and the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, while increasing blood levels of the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. This makes niacin an important tool in preventing or reversing heart disease. Niacin raises HDL cholesterol levels significantly more thant the commonly used drug lovastatin. Although lovastatin lowers LDL cholesterol levels more than niacin does, the niacin also lowers blood levels of another lipid factor called Lp(a). Researchers believe that elevated Lp(a) levels are an additional risk for cardiovascular disease.

    When oat bran is added to the niacin regime, most people get even more impressive results. Kidney transplant patients, who often have high cholesterol levels, also see dramatic benefits from taking niacin. But niacin (as nicotinic acid) in doses higher than 500 mg daily can cause severe side effects, including liver damage, diabetes, gastritis, and an elevation in blood levels of uric acid (which can cause gout). So researchers and nutrition experts developed inositol hexaniacinate. Inositol hexaniacinate acts like niacin to lower cholesterol but without the severe side effects. People are able to supplement daily with doses up to 3000 mg (3 g) without risk of liver or stomach inflammation, nor does the supplement increase the risk of diabetes or gout.

    Insulin-dependent diabetes usually starts before the age of 20. Experts currently believe that diabetes can sometimes be caused as a result of an autoimmune response. The body attacks the insulin-making cells of its own pancreas, destroying them and robbing the body of insulin production. Sometimes prednisone is used to suppress the immune system and stop or slow down this process. Prednisone is a steroid drug and has many unwanted side effects, including elevating blood glucose levels. Researchers report that niacin, in the niacinamide form, may be even more effective than prednisone and much safer. Niacin blocks certain immune factors from destroying the crucial insulin-releasing cells. It also improves insulin production and sensitivity.

    Numerous clinical studies show great promise for niacinamide. When given early during the onset of diabetes, it seems to help restore the insulin-producing cells. Patients go longer without needing insulin, use less insulin when it is needed, and have better blood glucose control. Other studies combined niacinamide with various immunosuppressive drugs, but results were not as good as with niacin alone. Since niacin can interfere with glucose tolerance, people with diabetes should not self-medicate. Work with a nutritionally-trained medical practitioner or dietician to be on the safe side.

    Niacinamide may also help arthritis patients, particularly those with osteoarthritis, the most common form of this disease. Hundreds of patients report improvement after taking large doses - up to 200 mg daily.

    Some headache specialists prescribe vitamin B-3 in daily doses of 150 mg to help treat migraines, in the hopes that the dilating effects of niacin will help stabilize the overdilating-constricting cycle of cerebral blood vessels.

    In the past, it was thought that vitamin B-3 might be beneficial for schizophrenia. Treatment results were so inconsistent, however, that niacin therapy is no longer attempted except in therapeutic trials while patients are in the hospital or other long-term care facility.





    vitamin B-3 Niacin structure


    VITAMIN B-3 USES & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Although few people in the industrialized world are actually deficient in niacin, many may benefit from additional amounts in supplement form to help treat assorted complaints. Keep in mind that each of the three forms of niacin affects the body differently. Niacinamide has notable anti-inflammatory properties, for example, while nicotinic acid and inositol hexaniacinate affect blood lipid levels and circulation.

  • Control Cholesterol. Unlike most prescription cholesterol-lowering medications, which simply lower levels of LDL ("bad") cholesterol and triglycerides, niacin also raises levels of HDL ("good") cholesterol. As a result, this vitamin may prove more potent than conventional medicines in ultimately reducing the risk for a heart attack (and death from a heart attack). In a recent study of people with high cholesterol, niacin not only reduced LDL and triglycerides by 17 and 18 percent, respectively, but it also increased HDL by 16 percent. Although both nicotinic acid and inositol hexaniacinate have cholesterol-benefiting actions, inositol hexaniacinate is the preferred form - it does not cause skin flushing and poses much less risk of liver damage with long-term use.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: High Cholesterol

  • Combat Raynaud's Disease & Other Circulatory Problems. Niacin improves circulation by relaxing arteries and veins, and disorders characterized by circulation difficulties may benefit as a result. In those suffering from Raynaud's disease, for example, niacin's ability to improve blood flow to the extremities may counter the numbness and pain in the hands and feet that occurs when blood vessels overreact to cold temperatures. The calf-cramping and other painful symptoms of intermittent claudication, another circulation disorder, may lessen under the vessel-relaxing influence of niacin as well. The inositol hexaniacinate form of niacin works best for circulation-related discomforts.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Raynaud's Disease & Raynaud's Phenomenon
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Circulatory Problems

  • Fight Depression. Based on niacin's well-recognized role in promoting the sound functioning of nerve cells, some experts recommend the vitamin for relieving depression as well as for soothing feelings of anxiety and panic. Most B-vitamin complexes contain sufficient amounts of niacin for this purpose; as an added plus, the complexes also offer the mood-enhancing benefits of other B vitamins.

  • MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Depression
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Anxiety Disorder
    MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Panic Attacks

  • Ease Symptoms of Osteo & Rheumatoid Arthritis. The anti-inflammatory properties associated with niacinamide may help in calming joint inflammation, a frequent cause of rheumatoid arthritis pain. In a double-blind, 12-week study, osteoarthritis sufferers who received niacinamide supplements reported less inflammation and greater joint flexibility than other participants who were given a placebo. The niacinamide group also required less conventional anti-inflammatory medication to relieve their customary pain and swelling.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Osteo-Arthritis
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Slow Progression of Type 1 Diabetes. High doses of niacinamide, if given at the first signs of the disease, appear to help prevent complications of insulin-dependent diabetes and may even help reverse its development. This complementary supplement treatment should only be undertaken with careful medical supervision.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Diabetes

  • Treat Tinnitus. The persistent ringing, humming and buzzing in the ears associated with this condition has been linked to poor blood circulation. By widening blood vessels in the brain, inositol hexaniacinate may help to relieve these and other tinnitus symptoms.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Hearing Loss (Tinnitus)





    Vitamin B-3 Niacin Foods


    VITAMIN B-3 DIETARY SOURCES

    The vitamin B-3 we get from food includes preformed niacin and the amino acid tryptophan, which can be converted to niacin in the body. Food composition tables, however, list only preformed niacin. Niacin equivalent is the term used to refer to either 1 mg of niacin or to 60 mg of tryptophan (it takes 60 mg of tryptophan to make 1 mg of niacin). Niacin and niacinamide are found in beef liver, brewer's yeast, broccoli, carrots, cheese, corn flour, dandelion greens, dates, eggs, fish, milk, peanuts, pork, potatoes, tomatoes, wheat germ, and whole wheat products.

    Most proteins contain tryptophan. In the average protein-rich American diet, tryptophan provides about 60 percent of the niacin you need. If a diet is adequate in protein, then it will surely supply enough niacin equivalents from both sources to meet daily needs. The best sources of niacin are foods with a high protein content, such as meat, eggs, and peanuts. Other good sources of vitamin B-3 equivalents, such as milk, actually provide more tryptophan than niacin. Mushrooms and Greens are good vegetable sources. Vitamin B-3 is also added to enriched breads and cereals to replace that lost during processing.

    DIETARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VITAMIN B-3

    The RDA takes into account both preformed niacin and that available from tryptophan. Together they account for the recommendation of 6.6 mg of niacin for each 1,000 calories eaten. For women, this should total no less than 14 mg and for men 16 mg (niacin equivalents). Pregnant and lactating women require slightly more. Human milk contains about 7 niacin equivalents per 1,000 calories, which is enough for infants. Use this chart to find foods that are rich in niacin:

    Food
    Quantity
    Niacin (mg)
     Peanut halves, roasted, salted  1 cup  20.6
     Product 19 cereal  1 ounce  20
     Tuna, canned, water drained  3.5 ounces  12.2
     Chicken, white meat, no skin  3.5 ounces  9.5
     Beef liver  3 ounces  9.1
     Turkey, all meat, no skin  3.5 ounces  7.3
     Lamb chops, cooked  3.5 ounces  6.1
     Beef round, bottom, broiled  4 ounces  5.3
     Cheerios cereal  1 ounce  5
     Ground beef  3 ounces  5


    Herbs that contain niacin include Alfalfa, Burdock Root, Catnip, Cayenne, Chamomile, Chickweed, Eyebright, Fennel Seed, Hops, Licorice, Mullein, Nettle, Oat Straw, Parsley, Peppermint, Raspberry Leaf, Red Clover, Rose Hips, Slippery Elm, and Yellow Dock.





    DOSES & RECOMMENDED INTAKE

    Special Tip: Most multi-vitamins and B-complex supplements provide the RDA for niacin. Dosages adequate for treating specific ailments are typically found in individual niacin supplements, however. In general, niacin in the form of inositol hexaniacinate and niacinamide tends to cause fewer side effects than nicotinic acid.

    The RDA for niacin is 14 mg for women and 16 mg for men. Specific disorders usually require higher doses. Usual supplement dosage of niacin is 50 to 100 mg 3 times daily, in divided doses. Taking vitamin B-3 for various conditions is a tricky business and should not be undertaken without the supervision of a health care professional. Used in large doses, such as those required to affect blood cholesterol levels, niacin is no longer working as a vitamin but as a drug, and significant side effects can occur.

    Doses of 75 mg or more cause blood-vessel dilation, which can result in tingling, itching, and flushing of the face, neck, and chest - a condition called niacin flush. It is uncomfortable but not dangerous. Starting with 50 to 75 mg three times per day and slowly increasing the amount can help minimize this problem. Also, many people find that by taking an 83 mg aspirin with the niacin, the flushing is greatly reduced. Aim to reach the full dose desired by six weeks; always take it with meals to avoid gastric irritation and nausea.

  • Inositol hexaniacinate has very few side effects. People's blood cholesterol levels go down, HDL cholesterol levels go up, and there are no flushing symptoms or liver problems. Again, seek professional supervision and remember to start slowly. Take about 500 mg three times per day for two to three weeks, then increase to 1,000 mg three times per day. Take it with meals for best results. Continue for two months if your goal is to lower cholesterol. Stop at this point if cholesterol levels have not improved.

  • Doses used for children who were starting to develop insulin-dependent diabetes ranged from 100 to 200 mg per day. Adult doses are based on weight: approximately 11.5 mg per pound of body weight.

  • For treating Raynaud's disease, intermittent claudication or tinnitus: Take 500 mg of inositol hexaniacinate three times a day.

  • For anxiety or depression: A vitamin B-complex supplement will typically provide the amount of niacin (50 mg a day) necessary for treating these conditions.

  • For arthritis: Take 1,000 mg of niacinamide three times a day.
  • Note: Niacin has also been found to be useful for a number of other disorders. For information on these additional ailments, see the Dosage Recommendations Chart for Niacin.

    SUPPLEMENT FORMS

  • Tablet.
  • Capsule.


  • VITAMIN B-3 / NIACIN DEFICIENCY: If You Get Too Little: A deficiency in niacin can result in pellagra, a skin disorder characterized by small patches of dry, scaly irritated skin in sunlight-exposed areas. Other symptoms include loss of appetite and strength, and digestive complaints. Severe cases can involve headache, memory loss and depression. Pellagra is now quite rare in the industrialized world.

    VITAMIN B-3 / NIACIN OVERDOSE & TOXICITY: If You Get Too Much: It is nearly impossible to get too much niacin from foods. This is not the case with supplements, however. Keep in mind that megadoses can cause serious side effects, such as abdominal cramping, nausea, and vomiting; light-headedness; ulcers; and skin rashes, flushing or itching. Liver damage is also a risk with long-term use of niacinamide and nicotinic acid. Inositol hexaniacinate in doses higher than 2,000 mg a day may have a blood-thinning effect.

    Warning: People who have any type of liver disease, high levels of liver enzymes in their lab reports, gout, or peptic ulcers should not take niacin. When taking any type of vitamin B-3 supplement discussed here, it is important to check liver function periodically. If you take more than 500 mg of niacin, or 3,000 mg or inositol hexaniacinate or niacinamide per day, your health care practitioner should check your liver enzymes levels at least every three months.

    Niacin is necessary to provide energy for the body and to ward off pellagra, and it is being used to treat ailments from diabetes to arthritis to migraines. However, too much vitamin B-3 is not a good thing. Do not overdo it with your vitamin B-3 intake, and this essential B-complex vitamin will help keep your body working properly.


    AILMENTS
    DOSAGE

    Diabetes

    500 mg inositol hexaniacinate 3 times a day

    Raynaud's Disease

    500 mg 3 times a day

    Tinnitus

    500 mg inositol hexaniacinate 3 times a day

    High Cholesterol

    500 mg 3 times a day





    VITAMIN B-3 SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

  • Check with your health care provider before taking niacin if you suffer from diabetes, low blood pressure, glaucoma, gout, liver disease, ulcers or a bleeding disorder. Niacin supplements may aggravate these conditions. A flush, usually harmless, may occur after the ingestion of niacin supplements; a red rash appears on the skin and a tingling sensation may be experienced as well. Niacinamide is often used instead of niacin to avoid flushing and niacinamide is safer at higher therapeutic doses than niacin.

  • People who are pregnant or who suffer from diabetes, glaucoma, gout, liver disease, or peptic ulcers should use niacin supplements with caution. Amounts over 500 mg daily may cause liver damage if take for prolonged periods. If you have certain health issues, consult with your health care practitioner before using niacin supplements. Niacinamide may be a preferred form for certain individuals with higher dosage requirements.

  • Have your health care provider schedule blood tests every three months to check liver function if you take any form of niacin in amounts of 1,000 mg or more daily. Take niacin supplements with meals or a glass of milk to prevent stomach discomfort. Niacin acts like a drug when taken in high doses (1.5 to 6 grams a day). If you are contemplating using niacin in this dosage range, consult your health care provider for supervision.

  • Stick to recommended doses; excessive amounts can cause serious health problems. Do not take timed-release niacin, an over-the-counter cholesterol drug designed specifically not to cause nicotinic acid-related skin flushing. Research indicates it may cause liver damage.

  • NIACIN SUPPLEMENTS & MEDICATION INTERACTIONS

    Use caution when taking large, therapeutic doses of niacin - in any form - if you are already on one of the cholesterol-lowering prescription drugs known as statins. Muscle pain and inflammation, and even kidney failure, are a risk if you mix niacin with any of the statins. Stop taking the drug and call your health care provider immediately if any of the above symptoms occur.

  • Atorvastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.

  • Cerivastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.

  • Fluvastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.

  • Lovastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.

  • Pravastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.

  • Simvastatin: If taken together, may cause myositis, which is characterized by muscle pain and inflammation. In severe cases, kidney failure may occur. Consult your health care provider if any muscle pain develops.






  • VITAMIN B-3 (NIACIN / NIACINAMIDE) & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Brewers Yeast
  • Vitamin B-3 (Niacin / Niacinamide) Products

  • Vitamin B Complex Products



  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS


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    VITAMIN B-3 (NIACIN & NIACINAMIDE) SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Vitamin B-3 Improves cerebral circulation and blood flow to the surface of the skin. Important in proper functioning of the nervous system. A vasodilator that protects the heart and body cells. Niacin can be toxic at high doses. Niacin is an essential nutrient, positioned at the core of NAD/NADH and NADP/NADPH, which are major redox-active "electron storage" compounds. One or both of these "redox pairs" is involved in every major biochemical pathway. They participate in the trafficking of electrons as "reducing equivalents", the electron packets that facilitate metabolism. Niacin is involved in the production of energy, detoxification and the normal regulation of blood sugar and cholesterol. As a dietary supplement, 1 capsule two or three times daily with meals, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner. Niacin can cause skin flushing and tingling (the "niacin flush"). Do not take large amounts of niacin (greater than 1.5 grams [1500 mg] per day) without first consulting a healthcare practitioner. Caution: Do not take niacin if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure. Niacin is also known as nicotinic acid. Niacinamide is a non-flushing form of Vitamin B-3 and can be safer to take when higher doses are recommended. Caution: Do not substitute Niacin for Niacinamide. Do not take niacin supplements if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure. Niacin is also known as nicotinic acid.

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    HerbsPro: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Solgar, 500 mg, 250 VCaps (36648)
    HerbsPro: Niacinamide, Solgar, 550 mg, 100 VCap (36651)
    HerbsPro: Niacinamide, Solgar, 550 mg, 100 Tabs (36650)
    HerbsPro: HexaNiacin, Enzymatic Therapy, 590 mg, 60 Caps
    Inositol Hexaniacinate is a dietary supplement that aids in cholesterol metabolism. Flush-free, vegetarian for heart health.
    HerbsPro: Polygel Controlled Release Niacin, Slo-Niacin, 750 mg, 100 Tabs (99408)
    HerbsPro: No Flush Niacin, Life Extension, 800 mg, 100 Caps (91794)
    HerbsPro: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), TwinLab, 1000 mg, 100 Caps (19798)
    HerbsPro: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Life Extension, 1000 mg, 100 Caps (91742)
    HerbsPro: Niacinamide, Natures Life, 1000 mg, 100 Tabs (89773)
    HerbsPro: Niacinamide, Timed Release, Source Naturals 1500 mg, 50 Tabs (3960)
    HerbsPro: Flush Free Niacin, Natures Bounty, 50 Caps (98272)
    HerbsPro: No Flush Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Nutricology Allergy Research Group, 75 Caps (46048)
    HerbsPro: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Nutricology Allergy Research Group, 90 Caps (46047)
    HerbsPro: Real Niacin (Extended Release), Doctors Best, 120 Tabs (86527)


    LIFE EXTENSION PRODUCTS

    LEF: Vitamin B-3 Niacin, Life Extension, 500 mg, 100 Caps
    Niacin is the only B vitamin that can be synthesized in the liver from the amino acid tryptophan. On average, 1 mg of niacin can be synthesized from the ingestion of 60 mg of tryptophan. In its coenzyme forms, niacin is crucial to energy transfer reactions, particularly the metabolism of glucose, fat, and alcohol. Niacinís beneficial effects on blood lipids is well-documented.
    LEF: No Flush Niacin, Life Extension, 800 mg, 100 Caps
    No-Flush Niacin contains a special form of niacin, inositol hexanicotinate, consisting of six molecules of niacin chemically linked to an inositol molecule. It is hydrolyzed in the body to free niacin and inositol, which is a very slow process. Its unique properties allow for true niacin activity without the characteristic niacin flush that is unacceptable to many people.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Niacin, Natures Way, 100 mg, 100 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Nutricology, 90 Caps: N
    Kalyx: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Nutricology, 250 mg, 90 Caps: N
    Kalyx: No-Flush Niacin, Nutricology, 430 mg, 75 VCaps: N
    Provides inositol hexanicotinate, a compound of nicotinic acid (niacin) with inositol. Taken orally, the niacin releases slowly, thereby minimizing the likelihood of "niacin flush". Though chemically linked to inositol, the niacin in this formulation is highly bio-available. As a dietary supplement, 1 capsule two or three times daily with meals, or as directed by a health practitioner. Do not take large amounts of Niacin (greater than 1.5 grams per day) without first consulting with a practitioner. This nutrient is of the highest quality and purity obtainable, is free of all common allergens (antigens), and does not contain preservatives, diluents, or artificial additives.
    Kalyx: No Flush Niacin, Thompson Nutritional, 500 mg, 30 Caps: K
    Kalyx: Niacin B-3, Twinlab, 500 mg, 100 Caps: HF
    Niacin, also known as vitamin B-3, is commonly found in fish and grains. It is important for energy production, and also helps keep the nervous system, digestive system, skin, hair and eyes healthy. Niacin assists in the conversion of food to energy. As a water-soluble vitamin, Niacin is not stored in the body and therefore requires continuous supplementation.
    Kalyx: Niacin TR (Time Release), No Flush, Natrol, 500 mg, 100 Tablets: HF
    A vital component in the human diet, Niacin is essential for good health. That's why Natrol developed a Niacin Time Release formula that allows your body to maximize the benefits of this powerful B-3 vitamin. Flushing is an effect often associated with Niacin, but Niacin Time Release from Natrol provides Zero Flush to help your body maintain proper metabolic function and energy production at the cellular level. Free Of Yeast, wheat, corn, milk, egg, soy, glutens, artificial colors and flavors, added sugar, starch and preservatives.
    Kalyx: No Flush Niacin, Twinlab, 640 mg, 50 Capsules: HF
    No Flush Niacin dietary supplement with a blend of Niacin (as inositol hexanicotinate) (640 mg) and Inositol (as inositol hexanicotinate) (160 mg).
    Twinlab Niacin B-3 Caps - 1000 mg - 100 Capsules: HF Kalyx: Niacin (Vitamin B-3), TwinLab, 1000 mg, 100 Caps
    Niacin, also known as vitamin B-3, is commonly found in fish and grains. It is important for energy production, and also helps keep the nervous system, digestive system, skin, hair and eyes healthy. Niacin assists in the conversion of food to energy. As a water-soluble vitamin, Niacin is not stored in the body and therefore requires continuous supplementation.
    Kalyx: Vitamin B-3 (Niacin) (Nicotinic Acid), Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): GF


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Inositol Hexaniacinate (Flush-Free Niacin) Supplement Products
    Amazon: Flush Free Niacin Supplement Products
    Amazon: Niacin Supplement Products
    Amazon: Niacinamide Supplement Products
    Amazon: Nicotinic Acid Supplement Products
    Amazon: Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Vitamin B-3 (Niacin / Nicotinic Acid / Niacinamide) Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |






    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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