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  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Description
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Health Benefits
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Uses & Scientific Evidence
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Dietary Sources
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Dosage Information
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Supplement Products

  • vitamin B-2


    While peering through a microscope in 1879, scientists detected a yellow-green fluorescent pigment in a sample of milk. More than 50 years passed before the compound was isolated and identified as riboflavin. Also called Vitamin B-2, this water-soluble member of the B-complex family of vitamins aids and plays a crucial role in converting (metabolizing) protein, fats, and carbohydrates into the energy that the body demands to grow and develop properly. Riboflavin, along with iron, is necessary for red blood cell formation that carry oxygen throughout the body. Riboflavin is vital to maintaining a proper metabolism, and also helps shore up the immune system by reinforcing antibody reserves and production, cell respiration, and growth. In addition, the body uses extra Riboflavin to keep tissue in good repair and speed healing of wounds, burns and other injuries. It alleviates eye fatigue and is important in the prevention and treatment of cataracts. Together with Vitamin A, it maintains and improves the mucous membranes in the digestive tract.

    Riboflavin also facilitates the use of oxygen by tissues of the skin, nails, and hair; eliminates dandruff; and helps the absorption of iron and vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine). Consumption of adequate amounts of riboflavin is important during pregnancy, because of a lack of this vitamin can damage a developing fetus even though the woman shows no signs of deficiency. Riboflavin is needed for the metabolism of the amino acid tryptophan, which is converted into niacin in the body. Along with such B vitamins as Vitamin B-6 and Niacin (which it helps the body convert into active forms), Riboflavin protects the nervous system. It may therefore have a role to play in treating nervous system conditions such as numbness and tingling, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and even anxiety, stress, and fatigue. Carpal tunnel syndrome may benefit from a treatment program that includes Riboflavin and Vitamin B-6.

    Deficiency symptoms include cracks and sores at the corners of the mouth, eye disorders, inflammation of the mouth and tongue, and skin lesions, a group of symptoms collectively referred to as ariboflavinosis. Other possible deficiency symptoms include, dermatitis, dizziness, hair loss, insomnia, light sensitivity, poor digestion, retarded growth, and slowed mental response.


    Vitamin B-2 is a well-absorbed water soluble vitamin, which has a key role to play in maintaining overall human health. The human body needs a daily dosage of it since it cannot be stored in the body. It plays a major role in energy production and represents an essential nutrient in your diet. Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B-2, plays a significant role in the production of energy. It helps in the conversion of carbohydrates to sugar, which fuels the bodyís many functions. Riboflavin also plays an active part in the electron transport chain that produces cellular energy. Furthermore, it helps in the processing of amino acids and fats. It can also serve as an antioxidant, which slows the pace of aging.

  • Helps in Energy Production: Riboflavin plays a major role in the production of energy by assisting in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.
  • Helps in RBC Production: Vitamin B-2 is essential for the formation of fresh red blood cells and antibodies in humans, which increases circulation and oxygenation to various organ systems of the body.
  • Regulates Growth & Reproduction: Riboflavin is very important for ensuring proper growth and development of the reproductive organs, and the growth of body tissues such as the skin, connective tissue, eyes, mucous membranes, nervous system and the immune system. In addition, it also ensures healthy skin, nails and hair growth.
  • Regulates Thyroid Activity: Vitamin B-2 can regulate thyroid activity.
  • Prevents Disease Conditions: Vitamin B-2 can help to prevent many common conditions like migraine headaches, cataracts, acne, dermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and eczema.
  • Prevents Acne: Riboflavin helps to improve the mucus secretion of the skin and might clean up the skin pustules that are so common with acne.
  • Protects the Nervous System: Vitamin B-2 can help in treating various nervous system conditions such as numbness, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, anxiety and epilepsy, among others. It is thought that riboflavin, when used along with vitamin B-6, is effective for treating the painful symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
  • Essential for Normal Growth: Riboflavin is associated with the formulation of proteins, making it essential for normal growth of the body.
  • Ensures Healthy Eyes: Vitamin B-2 plays a major role in ensuring healthy corneas and perfect vision.
  • Helps to Slow HIV/AIDS: Studies have shown that riboflavin can slow down the progression of the AIDS virus.
  • Helps Repair Tissues: Riboflavin plays an important role in the repair of tissues, the healing of wounds and other injuries that can take a long time to fully recover.
  • Boosts Mineral Absorption: It helps in the absorption of minerals such as iron, folic acid and other Vitamins such as B-1, B-3 and B-6.
  • Protects the Digestive Tract: It plays a major role in maintaining and protecting the mucous membranes in the digestive system.
  • Healthy Fetal Development: Although there is no concrete proof to substantiate the claims that Vitamin B-2 is essential for the healthy progression of pregnancy, it is regarded as an essential ingredient of a future motherís diet, along with Vitamin A.
  • Increases Immunity: Riboflavin also helps to enhance natural immunity by strengthening the antibody reserves and by reinforcing the defense system against infections.

  • Remember to have a well balanced diet to ensure the supply of riboflavin, which needs to be replenished daily.

    vitamin B-2 structure


    Factors that increase the need for Riboflavin include the use of oral contraceptives and strenuous exercise. This B vitamin is easily destroyed by light, antibiotics, and alcohol.

  • Prevent or Slow the Development of Cataracts. Substances in Riboflavin appear to enhance antioxidant activity, thus limiting the damage that oxygen free radicals can cause to cells. In this way, Riboflavin helps protect the eye's lens and may prevent the development of cataracts, a progressive clouding of the lens that dulls sight. Ophthalmologists recommend Riboflavin for people of all ages, but most particularly for people with a family history of cataracts, and for older people, who are particularly prone to this vision-robbing condition. For cataract prevention take 25 mg once a day.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Cataracts

  • Combat Migraines. When taken in high doses, Riboflavin has been shown to reduce the severity and the frequency of migraines. Experts speculate this is because migraine sufferers seem to have uncharacteristically low energy reserves in their brains, and Riboflavin appears to boost these energy supplies. Its effectiveness in this regard was demonstrated in a recent European study of 55 adults who normally suffer from two to eight migraines a month. After taking a daily dose of 400 mg of Riboflavin for three months, the group experienced an average of 37% fewer migraines. (The severity and duration of the headaches that did occur were not affected, however.) Although prescription migraine drugs produce similar results, Riboflavin has many fewer side effects and is much less expensive (just 60 cents or less for a 400 mg dose). For migraine prevention take 400 mg every morning. Riboflavin supplements appear to work best for preventing - rather than treating - migraines.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Migraine

  • Treat Rosacea-related Skin Blemishes. Because Riboflavin deficiencies have been recorded in people with this chronic skin condition, taking a Riboflavin supplement may help. Specifically, riboflavin's ability to improve the skin's secretion of mucus may aid in clearing up skin pustules associated with rosacea. In addition, some rosacea sufferers have notably high numbers of tiny skin mites residing in hair follicles, most likely a by-product of an immune-system weakness. Riboflavin, along with other B vitamins, may help to counter these mites as well. For rosacea take 50 mg once a day.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Rosacea

    vitamin B-2 foods


    Vitamin B-2 can be found in various food sources, though usually in negligible quantities. The most important sources of Riboflavin are dairy products, brewers yeast, dry-roasted soybeans, edamame, and liver. Some of its other sources include oysters, lean meats, mushrooms, broccoli, avocados and salmons. Fortunately, vitamin B-2 is not lost during cooking, unlike many other vitamins. However, it is destroyed by strong light and baking soda.

    High levels of Vitamin B-2 are found in cheese, yogurt, egg yolks, oily fish (including mackerel, eel and herring), shellfish, legumes (dried peas), meat, milk, poultry, spinach, wild rice, whole grains (millet), sunflower seeds, and beans. Other sources include asparagus, avocados, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, currants, dulse, kelp, dark leafy greens such as dandelion greens and spinach, mushrooms, molasses, nuts, and watercress. cabbage, carrots, apples, figs and berries have comparitively low level of vitamin B-2.

    Herbs that contain Vitamin B-2 include Alfalfa, Bladderwrack, Burdock Root, Catnip, Cayenne, Chamomile, Chickweed, Eyebright, Fennel Seed, Fenugreek, Ginseng, Hops, Horsetail, Mullein, Nettle, Oat Straw, Parsley, Peppermint, Raspberry Leaf, Red Clover, Rose Hips, Sage, Yellow Dock.

    vitamin B-2 supplements



  • Tablet.
  • Capsule.

  • The RDA for Riboflavin - the amount designed to maintain general health - is 1.3 mg for men and 1.1 mg for women. Specific disorders usually require higher doses.

    Special Tip: In addition to being available as a single supplement, Riboflavin is commonly contained in multivitamins and vitamin B-complex products. If you take one-a-day multivitamin, you are probably getting the RDA for riboflavin. And if you take a high-potency multivitamin, you may be getting 30 mg or more of riboflavin.

    Vitamin B-Complex supplements usually contain either 50 or 100 mg of Riboflavin (Vitamin B-2) as well as other B vitamins such as Niacin (Vitamin B-3), Thiamin (Vitamin B-1), Vitamin B-6 and Vitamin B-12, and Folic Acid (Vitamin B-9).



    25 mg a day


    400 mg every morning


    If You Get Too Little: The elderly and alcoholics are often deficient in this and other B vitamins. The classic symptoms of too little Riboflavin are cracking of the lips and at the corners of the mouth; increased sensitivity to light; and burning, tearing, and itching of the eyes. The skin around the nose, eyebrows and earlobes may begin to flake. Skin inflammation may also appear in the groin area. A low red blood cell count (anemia), which usually causes fatigue, is another sign.

    Vitamin B-2 deficiency can hamper the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, as these elements would require Vitamin B-2 for its complete metabolism. Some of the deficiency symptoms of vitamin B-2 include bloodshot eyes, high sensitivity to light, a burning sensation of the eyes, parched lips, inflammation in the mouth, and a sore tongue. Some of the other common symptoms include dull or oily hair, premature wrinkles, and split nails. Riboflavin deficiency could result in the improper functioning of adrenal glands, which in turn would result in various conditions such as anemia, chronic fatigue syndrome and cataract development. Riboflavin deficiency is thought to be a major cause for the fatal condition of preeclampsia in pregnant women. Riboflavin deficiency mainly manifests as skin lesions, especially over the tongue and around the corners of the mouth. If left untreated, it can lead to a swollen tongue, seborrheic dermatitis, and even impaired nerve function. Dandruff, low blood count, chapping of the lips and corners of the mouth, dizziness, hair loss, loss of sleep, poor digestion and slowed mental responses are some of the other symptoms of Vitamin B-2 deficiency.


    If You Get Too Much: There appears to be no danger in consuming too much Riboflavin, a water-based vitamin. The body simply excretes excess amounts in the urine. In fact, high doses may turn urine bright yellow. Do not be alarmed. This is a harmless side effect.



  • If you use oral contraceptives, antibiotics or psychiatric drugs, check with your health care provider before taking riboflavin. Dosage requirements of the vitamin may need to be adjusted.

  • Avoid taking riboflavin with alcohol, which can interfere with the digestive tract's ability to absorb the vitamin.

  • There are no other known drug or nutrient interactions associated with riboflavin.

  • vitamin B-2 supplements


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  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Products
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    Coenzyme Precursor Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is a precursor to coenzymes involved in the growth and repair of skin and tissues lining the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the synthesis of amino acids. B2 is necessary for the formation of pigments essential to vision. Free Of Artificial ingredients, preservatives, yeast, milk, lactose, wheat, sugar or soy.
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    Amazon: Vitamin B-2 Supplement Products
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  • Nutrition Basics: Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) Supplement Information

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