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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Vitamins
BETA CAROTENE

& CAROTENE COMPLEX


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Beta Carotene Description & Overview
  • Beta Carotene Uses, Health Benefits, & Scientific Evidence
  • Beta Carotene Dosage Information
  • Beta Carotene Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Beta Carotene Supplement Products


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    BETA CAROTENE DESCRIPTION

    CAROTENOID ANTIOXIDANTS

    Beta Carotene is derived from the Latin name for carrot and belongs to a family of natural chemicals known as carotenes or carotenoids. Carotenes give yellow and orange fruits and vegetables their rich colors. Beta Carotene is also used as a coloring agent for foods such as margarine. The bright colors found in nature and the molecules that cause them have always fascinated organic chemists. The earliest studies on carotenoids date back to the beginning of the 19th century. Wackenroder first isolated beta-carotene in 1831, and many other carotenoids were discovered and named during the 1800s, although their structures were still unknown. The human body converts Beta-carotene into vitamin A (retinol). It is an antioxidant. Eating foods rich in Beta carotene protects the body from damaging molecules called free radicals (in the body free radicals are high-energy particles that ricochet wildly and damage cells).

    carrots


    Beta carotene is a carotenoid substance naturally found in plants that serves as an accessory to photosynthesis. It is primarily responsible for the pigment in orange colored fruits and vegetables, but also contributes to the pigment in red, yellow, and green colored fruits and vegetables. Though some food sources are rich in beta carotene, including cantaloupe, broccoli, spinach, and palm oil, carrots are the major supplier of this substance in most people’s diets.

    MOLECULAR STRUCTURE

    Chemically, carotenes are polyunsaturated hydrocarbons containing 40 carbon atoms per molecule, variable numbers of hydrogen atoms, and no other elements. Some carotenes are teminated by hydrogen rings, on one or both ends of the molecule. All are colored to the human eye, due to extensive systems of conjugated double bonds. Structurally carotenes are tetraterpenes, meaning that they are synthesized biochemically from four 10-carbon terpene units, which in turn are formed fron eight 5-carbon isoprene units.

    Carotenes are found in plants in two primary forms designated by characters from the Greek alphabet: alpha-carotene and beta carotene. Gamma-, delta-, epsilon-, and zeta-carotene also exist. Since they are hydrocarbons, and therefore contain no oxygen, carotenes are fat-soluble and insoluble in water (in contrast with other carotenoids, the xanthophylls, which contain oxygen and thus are less chemically hydrophobic).

    The two primary isomers of carotene, alpha-carotene and beta-carotene, differs in the position of a double bond (and thus a hydrogen) in the cyclic group at one end. Beta-Carotene is the more common form and can be found in yellow, orange and green leafy fruits and vegetables. as a rule of thumb, the greater intensit of the orange color of the fruit or vegetable, the more Beta-Carotene it contains. Carotene protects plant cells against destructive effects of ultraviolet light. Beta-Carotene is an antioxidant.


    QUICK NOTE ABOUT PROVITAMINS

    Beta carotene is accepted as an essential human nutrient, especially when there is a deficiency of vitamin A. In fact, when a vitamin A deficiency is suspected, blood tests measuring the levels of this substance are often performed as a result. Beta carotene is believed to have antioxidant properties in addition to its provitamin A function.

    Provitamins are the precursors to vitamins. Theay are dietary substances that can be converted via normal metabolic processes into active vitamins. Depending on the provitamin and the vitamin involved, the conversion process takes place in various parts of the body with differing levels of efficiency. Vitamins themselves are organic nutrients essential to human life in small amounts. Eleven of the thirteen vitamins are supplied by food, and two require additional conditions. Vitamin D for example, forms within the body upon the skin's exposure to ultraviolet light. Many vitamins also have provitamins, which help provide humans with necessary vitamins through additional channels.

    Vitamin A can be directly obtained through ingesting foods that contain retinol, the preformed vitamin. These foods include animal and fish products, especially livers, and several dairy products, including whole milk, butter and cheese. Many people receive their daily vitamin A from an important additional source: provitamin A, also known as carotenoids. Carotenoids can be found in many fruits and vegetables, especially those that are red, orange, yellow or green. Not all fruits and vegetables that contain these cartenoid pigments also contain provitamin A, but many of them do, including carrots, spinach, turnip greens and palm oil. Beta-carotene, the provitamin A most important in the diets of most humans, can be found in these vegetables as well as dark yellow squashes, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli and beet greens. Additional, lesser sources of beta-carotene include most fruits, summer squash, zucchini squash, beans, cabbage, corn, peas and many kinds of nuts.

    Beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the human body with a yield of about 40 percent to 50 percent and provides as much as half of most people’s necessary vitamin A. A small amount of fat is needed to stimulate the secretion of digestive juices that induce the absorption of beta-carotene — and dietary vitamin A — into the body. Individuals with intestinal disorders that change or lessen their absorption of dietary fat are less able to absorb vitamin A and beta-carotene.

    Another important provitamin is 7-dehydrocholesterol, also known as provitamin D. As stated above, the formation of vitamin D requires ultraviolet light, which acts on provitamin D to create vitamin D. Individuals who live above latitude 45 degrees north or below latitude 45 degrees south also must ingest dietary vitamin D, which can be found in egg yolk, butter, oily fish and enriched margarine, in order to meet their health needs.

    Provitamin B-5, or panthenol, is the alcohol form of vitamin B-5. When absorbed by the skin, panthenol turns into vitamin B-5. It then can hydrate and heal the skin.


    CAROTENOID COMPLEX OVERVIEW

    A carotenoid complex is a dietary supplement that contains several forms of carotene. Numerous scientific studies have found that carotenoids are beneficial for both health and immune function protection. By combining several of these in one carotenoid complex antioxidant supplement, it is believed that numerous health benefits can be recognized.

    The main carotenoids are:
    A carotenoid complex supplement will typically contain at least alpha carotene, beta carotene, lutein and lycopene. Several also contain the other advanced carotenoid complexes. Carotenoids are responsible for healthy immune function. They also supply vibrant color to the foods in which they naturally occur. For example, beta carotene and alpha carotene are present in high quantities in carrots, yams and pumpkins. They also are responsible for the bright orange color of these popular foods. Lutein and lycopene are present in high amounts in tomatoes and help impart the vibrant red color in this fruit.

    carrot juice


    There are many sources of carotenoids in nature. The above mentioned foods have been found to be beneficial in helping maintain eyesight and strengthen the eye. Egg yolks also contain high levels of lutein and beta carotene and supply the same benefits. Typically, the best way for consumers to easily tell at a glance whether a food contains these carotenoid complexes is to look for any food that has a vibrant color.

    Those who want the benefits of carotenoids but have a hard time eating these foods can get carotenoid complex supplements. These are manufactured to contain more carotenoids and are useful for larger doses. For example, to get the same amount of beta carotene in carotenoid complex caps, a person would have to eat several carrots or servings of pumpkin.

    The scientific studies on carotenoids have been numerous. The findings have convinced the scientific community that there is a definite human benefit to these compounds. In a study published by the International Journal of Cancer in 2009, Dr. Laura I. Migone found that eating two servings of carotenoid-containing vegetables daily reduced the risk of breast cancer by 17 percent. Another study published in the Archives of Ophthalmology in 2006 found that eating foods rich in lutein helped reduce the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The participants in the study were all under the age of 75. No data was available on whether the carotenoids helped reduce macular degeneration that was already present.





    BETA CAROTENE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    BENEFITS

    Some studies have indicated that people who take Beta-Carotene supplements may be at greater risk for heart disease and cancer, making researchers suspect that multiple nutrients found in a healthy balanced diet may be more effective than supplements alone in protecting against cancer and heart disease. Beta-Carotene offers protection from cancer only when other important antioxidants, including Vitamin C and Vitamin E, are present in the diet. Some studies have suggested that Beta-Carotene can be beneficial to people with scleroderma, a connective-tissue disorder, but it is suggested you consume foods rich in Beta carotene to meet your body's needs. Studies also have suggested that taking high doses of Beta-Carotene may decrease sensitivity to the sun. This is helpful for people with skin conditions caused by sunlight exposure, such as the development of hives or eczema upon exposure to the sun.

    ASSOCIATION BETWEEN VITAMIN A, BETA CAROTENE & CANCER

    Some studies have also concluded that it may have a positive impact on the immune system as well as anticarcinogenic effects. Most official nutritional and health organizations, including the National Cancer Society, recommend consuming five servings of fruits and vegetables per day. A sufficient amount of beta carotene would be absorbed by following these guidelines. However, recent research has indicated that this substance may only be beneficial when it is consumed in its naturally occurring state, such as in fruits and vegetables, rather than in supplemental form. Further, it could be harmful for certain individuals to consume beta carotene supplements. Clinical trials have shown that supplements may increase the rate of lung cancer in smokers.
      Surveys suggest an association between diets rich in Beta-Carotene and Vitamin A and a lower risk of many types of cancer. There is evidence that a higher intake of green and yellow vegetables or food sources of beta-carotene and/or vitamin A may decrease the risk of lung cancer. However, a number of studies that tested the role of beta-carotene supplements in cancer prevention did not find it to be protective. In a study of 29,000 men, incidence of lung cancer was greater in the group of smokers who took a daily supplement of beta-carotene. The Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial, a lung cancer chemoprevention trial that provided randomized subjects with supplements of beta-carotene and vitamin A, was stopped after researchers discovered that subjects receiving beta-carotene had a 46 percent higher risk of dying from lung cancer. The IOM states that "beta-carotene supplements are not advisable for the general population," although they also state that this advice "does not pertain to the possible use of supplemental beta-carotene as a provitamin A source for the prevention of vitamin A deficiency in populations with inadequate vitamin A nutriture".

    SUPER GREEN FOODS

    Phytonutrients are the raw material nature provides for your body to cure itself. Derived from living plants, phyto is Greek for plant. Phytonutrients are a combination of naturally occurring phytochemicals, vitamins, minerals, trace elements, and enzymes and are commonly called Super Green Foods or Green Super Foods. Beta carotene is a critical antioxidant that needs to be in your vitamin pill, yet beta carotene is only one of hundreds of carotenes found naturally in foods. When a carotene is fractionated away from the others or created separately in a laboratory, the resulting compound may not work as intended. PhytoNutrients provide the synergistic combination of all of natures raw materials for healing the body - not just isolated and artificially created products. Spirulina, Chlorella, Whole Vegetable Extracts, Whole Fruit Extracts, are nutrient rich, super foods that respectively contain the highest levels of easily digestible vegetable proteins, amino acids, beta carotene, mixed carotenoids, vitamin B-12, iron, trace minerals, the essential fatty acids GLA and linoleic acid, phycocyanin, polysaccharides, chlorophyll and sulfolipids.

    BETA CAROTENE DIETARY SOURCES

    Like most other nutritional substances, beta carotene can be obtained in adequate amounts by eating a well-balanced, healthy diet including fruits and vegetables. However, a health care provider may recommend supplements for certain patients. Indicators of a vitamin A deficiency include vision problems, dry or inflamed eyes, unexplained hair loss or skin rash, and recurring infections. Before considering any nutritional supplements, you should consult your health care provider.

  • Vitamin A Information


  • The following foods are particularly rich in carotenes:


    FOODS RICH IN CAROTENES

  • Apricots
  • Beet Greens
  • Broccoli
  • Cantaloupe Melon
  • Carrots
  • Cassava
  • Chard
  • Cilantro (Coriander)
  • Collard Greens

  • Dandelion Greens
  • Ivy Gourd
  • Kale
  • Mangos
  • Mustard Greens
  • Parsley
  • Persimmon
  • Pumpkin
  • Romaine Lettuce

  • Rose Hips
  • Spinach
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Thyme (Fresh)
  • Turnip Greens
  • Watercress
  • Winter Squash
  • Wolfberries (Goji)


  • Absorption from these foods is enhanced if eaten with fats, as carotenes are fat soluble, and if the food is cooked for a few minutes until the plant cell wall splits and the color is released into any liquid. Six micrograms (µg) of dietary beta-carotene supplies the equivalent of 1 microgram of retinol, or 1 RE (Retinol Equivalent). This is equivalent to 3.33 IU of vitamin A.





    BETA CAROTENE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENT FORMS

    The best sources of Beta-Carotene are yellow, orange, and green leafy fruits and vegetables (such as carrots, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, broccoli, cantaloupe, and winter squash). Generally, the greater the intensity of the color of the fruit or vegetable, the more Beta-Carotene it contains. In taking supplements, it is important to follow the guidance of an appropriate health care professional to ensure the proper dosages can be taken for your symptoms. Beta Carotene supplements come in capsule and gel forms and should be taken with meals containing at least 3 grams of fat to ensure absorption.

    EQUIVALENCIES OF RETINOIDS & CAROTENOIDS (IU)

    As some carotenoids can be converted into vitamin A, attempts have been made to determine how much of them in the diet is equivalent to a particular amount of retinol, so that comparisons can be made of the benefit of different foods. The situation can be confusing because the accepted equivalences have changed. For many years, a system of equivalencies in which an international unit (IU) was equal to 0.3 µg of retinol, 0.6 µg of beta-carotene, or 1.2 µg of other provitamin-A carotenoids was used. Later, a unit called retinol equivalent (RE) was introduced. Prior to 2001, one RE corresponded to 1 µg retinol, 2 µg beta-carotene dissolved in oil (it is only partly dissolved in most supplement pills, due to very poor solubility in any medium), 6 µg beta-carotene in normal food (because it is not absorbed as well as when in oils), and 12 µg of either alpha-carotene, gamma-carotene, or beta-cryptoxanthin in food.

    Newer research has shown that the absorption of provitamin-A carotenoids is only half as much as previously thought. As a result, in 2001 the US Institute of Medicine recommended a new unit, the retinol activity equivalent (RAE). Each µg RAE corresponds to 1 µg retinol, 2 µg of beta-carotene in oil, 12 µg of "dietary" beta-carotene, or 24 µg of the three other dietary provitamin-A carotenoids.

    SUBSTANCE & ITS CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT
    MICROGRAMS OF RETINAL EQUIVALENT
    Per Microgram (µg) of the Substance
  • Retinol
  • 1
  • Beta-Carotene, Dissolved In Oil
  • 1/2
  • Beta-Carotene, Common Dietary
  • 1/12
  • Alpha-Carotene, Common Dietary
  • 1/24
  • Gamma-Carotene, Common Dietary
  • 1/24
  • Beta-Cryptoxanthin, Common Dietary
  • 1/24


    Because the conversion of retinol from provitamin carotenoids by the human body is actively regulated by the amount of retinol available to the body, the conversions apply strictly only for vitamin A-deficient humans. The absorption of provitamins depends greatly on the amount of lipids ingested with the provitamin; lipids increase the uptake of the provitamin.

    The conclusion that can be drawn from the newer research is that fruits and vegetables are not as useful for obtaining vitamin A as was thought; in other words, the IUs that these foods were reported to contain were worth much less than the same number of IUs of fat-dissolved oils and (to some extent) supplements. This is important for vegetarians, as night blindness is prevalent in countries where little meat or vitamin A-fortified foods are available.

    A sample vegan diet for one day that provides sufficient vitamin A has been published by the Food and Nutrition Board (page 120). On the other hand, reference values for retinol or its equivalents, provided by the National Academy of Sciences, have decreased. The RDA (for men) of 1968 was 5000 IU (1500 µg retinol). In 1974, the RDA was set to 1000 RE (1000 µg retinol), whereas now the Dietary Reference Intake is 900 RAE (900 µg or 3000 IU retinol). This is equivalent to 1800 µg of beta-carotene supplement (3000 IU) or 10800 µg of beta-carotene in food (18000 IU).


    VITAMIN A - DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKE
    LIFE STAGE GROUP
    RDA
    Adequate intakes (AI*)
    µg / Day
    UPPER LIMIT
    µg / Day

    INFANTS

    0 to 6 months
    7 to 12 months


    400*
    500*


    600
    600

    CHILDREN

    1 to 3 years
    4 to 8 years


    300
    400


    600
    900

    MALES

    9 to 13 years
    14 to 18 years
    19 to >70 years


    600
    900
    900


    1700
    2800
    3000

    FEMALES

    9 to 13 years
    14 to 18 years
    19 to >70 years


    600
    700
    700


    1700
    2800
    3000

    PREGNANCY

    <19 years
    19 to >50 years


    750
    770


    2800
    3000

    LACTATION

    <19 years
    19 to >50 years


    1200
    1300


    2800
    3000

    (The limit is for synthetic and natural retinol ester forms of vitamin A. Carotene forms from dietary sources are not toxic.

    According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, "RDAs are set to meet the needs of almost all (97 to 98 percent) individuals in a group. For healthy breastfed infants, the AI is the mean intake. The AI for other life stage and gender groups is believed to cover the needs of all individuals in the group, but lack of data prevents being able to specify with confidence the percentage of individuals covered by this intake."





    BETA CAROTENE SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

    SAFETY CONCERNS

    For those who smoke or drink heavily, this supplement should be used with caution due to the possibility of an increase in the risk of heart disease and cancer. Even though Beta Carotene offers protection from sunlight for people with certain skin sensitivities, it does not protect you from sunburn. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.

    Carotenemia or hypercarotenemia is excess carotene, but unlike excess vitamin A, carotene is non-toxic. Although hypercarotenemia is not particularly dangerous, it can lead to an oranging of the skin (carotenodermia), but not the conjunctiva of eyes (thus easily distinguishing it visually from jaundice). It is most commonly associated with consumption of an abundance of carrots, but it also can be a medical sign of more dangerous conditions.





    ALPHA CAROTENE SUPPLEMENTS & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Alpha Carotene Products
  • Beta Carotene Products
  • Beta & Mixed Carotene Products

  • Carotene Complex Products
  • Vitamin A Supplement Products



  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS


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    ALPHA CAROTENE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Single nutrient Alpha Carotene supplements are not available from our merchants. See Carotene Complex Supplements or obtain your dietary Alpha Carotene requirements from your foods.

    alpha-carotene foods


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Alpha Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Alpha Carotene Antioxidant Information



  • BETA CAROTENE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Nutrients that nourish the thymus gland and increases antibody production. All organs with duct systems require these nutrients.

    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Beta Carotene, Starwest Botanicals, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels.
    Starwest Botanicals: Beta Carotene, Starwest Botanicals, 25,000 IU, 500 Softgels.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Tabs (89925)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels (90343)
    HerbsPro: Dry Beta Carotene, Solgar, 10,000 IU, 100 Tabs (36363)
    HerbsPro: Dry Beta Carotene, Solgar, 10,000 IU, 250 Tabs (36364)
    HerbsPro: Natural Beta Carotene, Thompson Nutritional Products, 25,000 IU, 30 Softgels (35664)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Country Life, 25,000 IU, 50 Softgels (37011)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 60 Softgels (36659)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Schiff Bio Foods, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (19042)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (68493)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, FoodScience of Vermont, 25,000 IU, 90 Caps (74898)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (36660)
    HerbsPro: Mixed Carotene Beta Carotene, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (100519)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Country Life, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (37010)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (6110)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene Provitamin A, Natures Bounty, 25,000 IU, 100 Caps (97461)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (67782)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (90001)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Way, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (17733)
    HerbsPro: Active A With Beta Carotene, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 120 Tabs (7218)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene With C & E Plus Selenium, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU, 120 VCaps (10024)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, FoodScience of Vermont, 25,000 IU, 180 Caps (74898)
    HerbsPro: Natural Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels (68492)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels (36658)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (90002)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (67783)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Antioxidant Protection, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (13212)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, Starwest Botanicals, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels: C
    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, FoodScience Labs, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels: K
    Kalyx: Beta Carotene, Starwest Botanicals, 25,000 IU, 500 Softgels: C


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Alpha Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Beta Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Carotene Complex Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex Information



  • BETA CAROTENE & MIXED CAROTENE COMPLEX SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Important antioxidants. Protects the lungs, needed for growth and repair of the body tissues and smooth skin. Powerful antioxidants promote healing. Take 25,000 IU daily.

    STARWEST BOTANICALS

    Starwest Botanicals: Beta Carotene, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels
    Starwest Botanicals: Beta Carotene, 25,000 IU, 500 Softgels


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Tabs (89925)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels (90343)
    HerbsPro: Dry Beta Carotene, Solgar, 10,000 IU, 100 Tabs (36363)
    HerbsPro: Dry Beta Carotene, Solgar, 10,000 IU, 250 Tabs (36364)
    HerbsPro: Natural Beta Carotene, Thompson Nutritional Products, 25,000 IU, 30 Softgels (35664)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 60 Softgels (36659)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Schiff Bio Foods, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (19042)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (68493)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, FoodScience of Vermont, 25,000 IU, 90 Caps (74898)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (36660)
    HerbsPro: Mixed Carotene Beta Carotene, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (100519)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (6110)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene Provitamin A, Natures Bounty, 25,000 IU, 100 Caps (97461)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (67782)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (90001)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Way, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (17733)
    HerbsPro: Active A With Beta Carotene, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 120 Tabs (7218)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene With C & E Plus Selenium, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU, 120 VCaps (10024)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, FoodScience of Vermont, 25,000 IU, 180 Caps (74898)
    HerbsPro: Natural Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels (68492)
    HerbsPro: Oceanic Beta Carotene, Solgar, 25,000 IU, 180 Softgels (36658)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (90002)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (67783)
    HerbsPro: Beta Carotene, Antioxidant Protection, Source Naturals, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (13212)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Lycopene Carotene Complex, Solgar, 30 VCaps (36590)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Carotenoid Complex, Solgar, 30 VCaps (36589)
    HerbsPro: Carotenoid Complex, Country Life, 60 Softgels (37072)
    HerbsPro: Advanced Carotenoid Complex, Solgar, 60 Softgels (36184)
    HerbsPro: CarotenAll Mixed Carotenoid Complex, Jarrow Formulas, 60 Softgels (91324)
    HerbsPro: Mixed Carotene Beta Carotene, BlueBonnet, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (100519)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Alpha Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Beta Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Carotene Complex Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex Information



  • CAROTENE COMPLEX SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Carotene Complex With Lutein, Solgar, 30 VCaps
    HerbsPro: Advanced Carotenoid Complex, Natural, Solgar, 30 Softgels (36183)
    HerbsPro: Carotenoid Complex, Country Life, 30 Softgels (37071)
    HerbsPro: Carotenoid Complex With Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps (36589)
    HerbsPro: Carotenoid Complex, Country Life, 60 Softgels (37072)
    HerbsPro: Advanced Carotenoid Complex, Natural, Solgar, 60 Softgels (36184)
    HerbsPro: Mixed Carotene - Beta Carotene, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU, 90 Softgels (100519)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Alpha Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Beta Carotene & Carotene Supplement Products
    Amazon: Carotene Complex Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex Information



  • VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Important antioxidant that protects the lungs, is needed for growth and repair of body tissues and smooth skin. Usual recommended dosages are 10,000 to 25,000 IU daily.

    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Vitamin A & D, Fish Oils, 5000 IU / 400 IU, 100 Softgels
    Starwest Botanicals: Vitamin A & D, Fish Oils, 5000 IU / 400 IU, 500 Softgels


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Emulsion Liquid, World Organics, 2 oz. (20238)
    HerbsPro: Dry Vitamin A, Solgar, 5000 IU, 100 Tabs (36365)
    HerbsPro: Vitamins A & D Fish Liver Oil, Thompson Nutritional Products, 10,000 IU, 30 Softgels (35722)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Retinyl Palmitate, Thompson Nutritional Products, 10,000 IU, 30 Softgels (35724)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Now Foods, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels (67657)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels (100504)
    HerbsPro: Natural Vitamin A, FoodScience of Vermont, 10,000 IU, 100 Caps (74939)
    HerbsPro: Dry Vitamin A, Country Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Tabs (37518)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Country Life, 10,000 IU, 100 Softgels (37517)
    HerbsPro: Natural Vitamin A, FoodScience of Vermont, 10,000 IU, 100 Caps (74939)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D-3, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 100 Softgels (100505)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D, Source Naturals, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 100 Tabs (3786)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D-3, Solgar, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 100 Softgels (36806)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D-3, Country Life, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 100 Softgels (37516)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D, Now Foods, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 100 Softgels (67653)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Natural Factors, 10,000 IU, 180 Softgels (84223)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Palmitate, Vision Support, Source Naturals, 10,000 IU, 250 Tabs (6743)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D, Source Naturals, 10,000 IU/400 IU, 250 Tabs (3787)
    HerbsPro: Natural Vitamin A, FoodScience of Vermont, 25,000 IU, 100 Caps (74940)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Now Foods, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (67658)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels (90387)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A, Natures Life, 25,000 IU, 250 Softgels (89725)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & D-3, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 25,000 IU/1000 IU, 100 Softgels (100506)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Wrinkle Skin Treatment Oil With Vitamin E, Derma-E, 2 oz. (49640)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Pore Refining Skin Gel, Derma-E, 2 oz. (88033)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Pore Refining Skin Mask, Derma-E, 4 oz. (88032)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Glycolic Skin Facial Scrub, Derma-E, 4 oz. (86221)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Glycolic Skin Cleanser, Derma-E, 6 oz. (86219)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Glycolic Skin Toner, Derma-E, 6 oz. (86220)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A Wrinkle Skin Treatment Gel, 8 oz. Derma-E, 8 oz. (25130)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin A & E Skin Moisturizer, Kiss My Face, 16 oz. (65199)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Vitamin A & D Allergy D, TwinLab, 400 IU, 100 Caps: K


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Vitamin A Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Vitamin A Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Vitamin A Antioxidant Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |






    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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