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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

FISH OIL INFORMATION
Cod Liver Oil, Salmon Fish Oil, Shark Liver Oil
Omega-3 EFAs, Fatty Acids EPA & DHA Supplements


For Informational Use Only
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Fish Oil Description
  • Fish Oil Uses, Health Benefits, & Scientific Evidence
  • Fish OIl Dosage Information
  • Fish Oil Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Fish Oil Supplements & Products




  • fish oil


    FISH OIL DESCRIPTION

    OMEGA-3 ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS

    FISH OIL

    Fish Oil is a wonderful source of omega 3 essential fatty acids. It contains high amounts of two key omega-3 essential fatty acids, EPA and DHA. Salmon, mackerel, menhaden, herring, and sardines are the best sources of Fish Oil because they provide more omega-3 factors than other fish.

    Essential fatty acids improve skin and hair cells, lower blood pressure, help prevent arthritis, lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and reduce the risk of blood clot formation.

    SALMON FISH OIL

    When compared to other fish, salmon have one of the highest concentrations of Omega-3 essential fats that can promote your healthy heart, help give you an energy level boost, support your immune system, support your brain and nervous system, and help promote healthy birthing in women. Make sure your supplement is 100-percent pure salmon oil.

    Salmon is often recommended as a good food source of Omega-3 fatty acids. However, the salmon you buy at your local supermarket is most often farm raised. That means the fish are fed mainly a diet of fish flakes made from corn, cereal grains, and other additives. Studies show that the feed used to "raise" salmon can contain elevated levels of contaminants. In fact, one study concluded that a low contaminant brand of salmon feed could not be found. This unnatural diet can cause a potential lowering of the salmon's omega-3 levels. Due to their unnatural diet and captivity experience, farm-raised salmon's omega-3 levels potentially fall. Salmon raised in captivity become so changed by the experience, the fish farmers often inject them with an orange-colored dye to make their flesh look like real salmon. And then there is the threat of mercury, PCBs, and other toxins - far worse than you might imagine.

    In 2004, the Los Angeles Times reported a study that "focused on commercially raised salmon in both the Atlantic and Pacific. It found roughly 10 times more PCBs, dioxins, and pesticide residues in farmed salmon than in the wild variety." It is still recommended salmon should be eaten if you can find a wild, unpolluted source. This is a growing difficulty. Every year over 40 tons of mercury is released into the U.S. environment and waterways alone. This is a direct result of burning coal to produce electricity. So, finding sources of unpolluted salmon are becoming scarcer and scarcer. And do not be surprised at the high price you must pay for wild-caught Alaskan salmon. For a fraction of the price of wild salmon, you now can get the omega-3s you need by using Salmon Oil supplements.

    COD LIVER OIL

    Cod Liver Oil comes from fatty fish, such as: salmon, mackerel, raw herring and sardines are high in vitamins A and D, and essential omega 3 oils. For hundreds of years Cod Liver Oil was used in the prevention and treatment of everything from minor infections to the most severe cases of chronic joint pain. By the mid 1800s, Cod Liver Oil was being successfully prescribed in the treatment and prevention of rickets, even though there were no scientific studies to explain its effectiveness.

    Cod liver oil is made by cooking cod livers with steam and then pressing/decanting the cooked livers to extract the oil. By contrast, fish oils are extracted from the cooked whole body tissues of fatty fish during the manufacture of fishmeal. Cod liver oil and fish oil are similar but have a somewhat different composition: fish oil has a much lower content of vitamins A and D compared to liver oils.

    SHARK LIVER OIL

    Shark liver oil is promoted as a complementary or alternative form of treatment for cancer and other diseases. The oil is taken from the liver of cold-water sharks. Shark liver oil is a rich source of alkylglycerols, chemicals that may have anti-cancer properties. Alkylglycerols are also found in human bone marrow and in breast milk. Other chemicals in shark liver oil being studied against cancer are squalamine and squalene.





    fish


    FISH OIL USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    HEALTHY HEART BENEFITS

    FISH OIL

    There have been numerous scientific studies that confirm the important role of Omega 3 essential fatty acids in maintaining healthy blood triglyceride levels, as well as supporting the heart, skin and joints. Supplementing your diet with Fish Oil will lower your blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels which helps reduce heart disease. Some people who have taken Fish Oil for extended periods of time have shown improvement with the pain and swelling associated with arthritis.

    SALMON FISH OIL

    Few single foods can bring as many health contributions to your diet in significant quantities as wild Alaskan salmon. Wild salmon is an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids which are necessary for optimum maternal and infant health.

    Main benefits from wild salmon:
    • Omega 3 fatty acids.
    • High Quality Protein.
    • Essential Amino Acids.
    • Vitamin A.
    • Vitamin D.
    • Vitamin B-6.
    • Vitamin E.
    • Appreciable amounts of calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, and phosphorus.
    All these benefits combine to make wild Alaskan sockeye salmon the natural choice for anyone concerned with their own or their family’s health.

    Omega-3 Fatty Acids:
    • Protect heart health.
    • Reduce risk of sudden death from heart disease.
    • Reduce risk of stroke.
    • Reduce chance of heart disease in Type 2 Diabetes.
    • Essential in infant brain and eye development during pregnancy and infancy.
    • Improve blood lipid patterns.
    • Improve blood vessel function.
    • Improve symptoms of immune and inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, Chrone’s disease and some skin conditions.
    • Reduce the risk of some mental disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and depression.
    The protective role of fish against heart disease and cancer may be attributed to the type of oil found in certain species of coldwater fish, especially Alaska salmon. These fish oils, referred to as "Omega-3", are polyunsaturated. Their chemical structure and metabolic function are quite different from the polyunsaturated oils found in vegetable oils, known as "Omega-6".

    The type of dietary fat (monounsaturated, saturated, or polyunsaturated) we consume alters the production of a group of biological compounds known as eicosanoids(prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes). These eicosanoids have biological influences on blood pressure, blood clotting, inflammation, immune function, and coronary spasms. In the case of Omega-3 oils, a series of eicosanoids are produced, which may result in a decreased risk of heart disease, inflammatory processes, and certain cancers.

    Omega-3 oils also exert additional protective effects against coronary heart disease by:
    • Decreasing blood lipids (cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins or LDL, and triglycerides).
    • Decreasing blood clotting factors in the vascular system.
    • Increasing relaxation in larger arteries and other blood vessels.
    • Decreasing inflammatory processes in blood vessels.
    Additional studies have provided exciting news about the benefits of Omega-3 oils for individuals with arthritis, psoriasis, ulcerative colitis, lupus erythematosus, asthma, and certain cancers. Research studies have consistently shown that Omega-3 fatty acids delay tumor appearance, and decrease the growth, size, and number of tumors.

    A recent study at the University of Washington has confirmed that eating a modest amount of salmon (one salmon meal per week) can reduce the risk of primary cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest claims the lives of 250,000 Americans each year. Fresh, fresh-frozen, or canned Alaska sockeye salmon provides the highest amount of Omega-3 fatty acids of any fish - 2.7 grams per 100 gram portion.

    Other studies, such as the Zupthen Study, a 20-year investigation of a Dutch population, confirmed similar benefits. The risk of coronary heart disease decreased (as much as 2.5 times) with increasing fish consumption. This suggests that moderate amounts (one to two servings per week) of fish are of value in the prevention of coronary heart disease, when compared with no fish intake.

    The type of dietary fat we consume is very important. It has been well documented that saturated fat can increase the risk of heart disease. The amount of saturated fat in both high-oil fish and lean fish is minimal. Fish, and other seafood, also offers lean, high-quality protein, as well as many other important vitamins and minerals.

    Vitamin E:
    • Powerful antioxidant.
    • Lowers the risk of heart disease.
    • Prevents the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins.
    • Reduces the buildup of plaque in coronary arteries.
    Salmon is also a good source of Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants, which also include Vitamin C and Beta Carotene, act at the molecular level to deactivate free radicals. Free radicals can damage basic genetic material, and cell walls and structures, to eventually lead to cancer and heart disease. Vitamin E lowers the risk of heart disease by preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), thus reducing the buildup of plaque in coronary arteries. Other research has found that Vitamin E plays a protective role against cancer and the formation of cataracts, and may possibly boost the immune system in the elderly.

    COD LIVER OIL

    Cod Liver Oil helps the liver, and it strengthens bones. It improves brain function, nervous system, and the production of prostaglandin. Numerous scientific studies have shown that the elongated Omega-3 fatty acids in Cod Liver Oil improves brain function, memory and learning and behavioral disorders, stress response, manic depression, and allergies. It relieves many skin disorders. Cold Liver plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of heart conditions. It acts as a natural blood thinner, and some evidence suggests it reduces cholesterol levels as well. Cod Liver Oil works as a lubricant to alleviate stiffness and pain in the joints, improves bone mineral density, and it slows down damage caused by arthritis. Recent studies show that it can be effective in treating digestive and bowel disorders. Cold Liver Oil improves breast milk and promotes optimal brain development in the fetus, while increasing the levels of Vitamin A for the prevention of infections.

    In 2005 researchers at the University of California reported that Vitamin D might lower the risk of developing different types of cancers, cutting in half the chances of getting breast, ovarian, or colon cancer.

    A study done in 2000, printed by The Elements of Health Newsletter of Arizona, reported that pregnant women using cod liver oil have infants with a lower risk for juvenile type 1 diabetes. Use of cod liver oil during pregnancy associated with lower risk of Type I diabetes in the offspring. This effect was found only in mothers taking cod liver oil, not in mothers taking multivitamin supplements. Cod liver oil taken by nursing mothers improves the fatty acid profile in breast milk to promote optimal brain development and also increases levels of Vitamin A to prevent infections.

    Cod liver oil is also rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is another name for Omega-3 Fatty Acid. The body makes this fatty acid from omega-3 linoleic acid as an important link in the chain of fatty acids that ultimately results in prostaglandin's, which are a group of compounds that are extremely potent mediators of a diverse group called physiological processes. It is very important for the proper function of the brain and nervous system. Those individuals who have consumed large amounts of polyunsaturated oils, especially hydrogenated oils, or who have impaired pancreatic function, such as diabetics, may not be able to produce EPA and will, therefore, lack important prostaglandin's unless they consume oily fish or take a cod liver oil supplement.

    SHARK LIVER OIL

    Shark liver oil is widely used alongside conventional cancer treatment in northern Europe and is sold as a dietary supplement in the United States. Available scientific evidence does not support claims that shark liver oil supplements are effective against cancer in humans. Recent research has focused on certain components of shark liver oil (alkylglycerols, squalamine, and squalene). Early laboratory studies suggest that they may have anti-tumor effects in animals, but their effects in humans are not yet known. Clinical trials are currently under way.

    Shark liver oil is promoted as a dietary supplement used to boost the immune system, fight off infections, heal wounds, and to treat cancer and lessen the side effects of conventional cancer treatment. Alkylglycerols, one of the components found in shark liver oil, are thought to be helpful in several ways. It has been suggested that they fight cancer by killing tumor cells indirectly. Proponents claim they activate the immune system in two ways: by stimulating immune system cells called macrophages, which consume invading germs and damaged cells; and by inhibiting protein kinase C, which is a key regulator of cell growth. Proponents also claim that alkylglycerols reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatment, supposedly because of their ability to protect cell membranes.

    Because of their supposed immune-boosting effects, alkylglycerols are also claimed to help against colds, flu, chronic infections, asthma, psoriasis, arthritis, and AIDS. Since macrophages are also important in wound healing, alkylglycerols are said to have healing effects. These claims have not been studied in controlled clinical trials.

    Other compounds in shark liver oil, such as squalamine and squalene, have also been promoted to have anti-cancer effects. Because some early studies have shown that squalamine can slow the growth of tumor blood vessels, proponents claim it may help to treat cancer, either alone or combined with chemotherapy. It is also being studied for use against macular degeneration, an eye condition that results in loss of vision. Squalene has been promoted as having cell-protecting abilities, which may reduce the side effects of chemotherapy.

    Evidence: These claims are currently being studied. Depending on the commercial preparation, shark liver oil may also be rich in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin A. Shark liver oil has also been used in some moisturizing skin creams and lotions, although several cosmetics companies have recently removed this ingredient because of concern regarding the decline of some shark species.

    Available scientific evidence does not support claims that shark liver oil supplements are effective against cancer in humans. Most of the studies on alkylglycerols and cancer have been done in the laboratory. A few studies showed some benefit in women with cervical cancer who were also undergoing radiation therapy. These studies were published by a single group of Scandinavian researchers in the 1970s and 1980s and have not been confirmed by other research groups. There appears to be very little recent research on the benefits of alkylglycerols in preventing or treating cancer.

    More recently, research has focused on squalamine, a substance found in shark liver oil that stops the growth of tumor blood vessels. Researchers found that squalamine decreased the number of lung metastases—tumors that spread to the lung from a primary cancer elsewhere in the body—found in laboratory animals. Early studies in people with cancer have shown that squalamine can safely be combined with chemotherapy, but whether it helps shrink tumors or prolongs survival is not clear. It is currently being studied with other treatments for lung and prostate cancer.

    Squalene, a substance found in olive oil and some types of shark liver oil, has been studied in the laboratory. One laboratory study found that squalene seemed to protect normal bone marrow cells from the effects of some chemotherapy drugs while still allowing the drugs to affect cancer cells. It is not yet clear whether this protective effect will extend to animals and humans.

    FISH OIL NUTRITION

    The most widely available dietary source of EPA and DHA is cold-water oily fish, such as salmon, herring, mackerel, anchovies, and sardines. Oils from these fish have a profile of around seven times as much Omega-3 oils as Omega-6 oils. Other oily fish, such as tuna, also contain omega-3 in somewhat lesser amounts. Although fish is a dietary source of Omega-3 oils, fish do not synthesize them; they obtain them from the algae (microalgae in particular) or plankton in their diets. For comparison, note the Omega-3 levels in some common non-fish foods.


    GRAMS OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS
    Fish Foods
    Per 3 oz. (85 grams) Serving
    GRAMS OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS
    Non-Fish Foods
    Per 3 oz. (85 grams) Serving
    COMMON NAME
    GRAMS
    NAME
    GRAMS
    Herring, Sardines
    1.3 to 2
    Flaxseeds
    19.55
    Spanish Mackerel, Atlantic, Pacific
    1.1 to 1.7
    Hemp Seeds
    7.4
    Salmon
    1.1 to 1.9
    Walnut
    1.7
    Halibut
    0.60 to 1.12
    Soybean
    1.1
    Tuna
    0.21 to 1.1
    Soybean
    1.1
    Swordfish
    0.97
    Butter
    0.27
    Greenshell Lipped Mussels
    0.95
    Butter
    0.27
    Tilefish
    0.9
    Eggs, Large Regular
    0.109
    Tuna (Canned, Light)
    0.17 to 0.24
    Lean Red Meat
    0.031
    Pollock
    0.45
    Turkey
    0.030
    Cod
    0.15 to 0.24
    Cereals, Rice, Pasta
    0.0
    Catfish
    0.22 to 0.3
    Fruit
    0.0
    Flounder
    0.48
    Milk Regular
    0.0
    Grouper
    0.23
    Regular Bread
    0.0
    Mahi Mahi
    0.13
    Vegetables
    0.0
    Orange Roughy
    0.028
    COMMON NAME FISH
    GRAMS
    Red Snapper
    0.29
    Shark
    0.83
    King Mackerel
    0.36
    Hoki (Blue Grenadier)
    0.41
    Gemfish
    0.40
    Blue Eye Cod
    0.31
    Sydney Rock Oysters
    0.30
    Tuna, Canned
    0.23
    Snapper
    0.22
    Barramundi, Saltwater
    0.10
    Giant Tiger Prawn
    0.10





    FISH OIL DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENTS

    FISH OIL

    It is important to read product label directions before use. The FDA says it is safe to take up to 3,000 mg of omega-3 per day. (This is not the same as 3,000 mg of fish oil. A 1,000 mg pill typically has only 300 mg of omega-3; 10 such pills would equal 3,000 mg of omega-3.) Dyerberg studied healthy Greenland Inuit and found an average intake of 5,700 mg of omega-3 EPA per day. According to the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA) Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies, supplementation of 5 grams of EPA and DHA combined does not pose a safety concern for adults.

    SALMON FISH OIL

    When choosing a Salmon Fish Oil supplement, remember it is the omega-3s that count. When making your purchase, be sure to determine the amount of omega-3s per serving. Many health care providers often recommend 1,000 to 1,200 mg of fish oil because that amount of fish oil contains the total amount of omega-3s the practitioner wants you to consume. 1,000 or 1,200 mg of fish oil does not equal 1,000 or 1,200 mg of omega-3s. A standard 1,000 mg fish oil softgel provides around 300 mg of omega-3s (and even less of the important EPA and DHA), and so in order to meet the 500 mg EPA and DHA recommendation, a minimum of two softgels would be necessary. Make sure to read the "Supplement Facts" label to determine the amount of EPA and DHA in a fish oil supplement. Quality also matters. It is important to purchase fish oil from a reputable manufacturer that follows Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) and takes the necessary steps to purify the oil.

    COD LIVER OIL

    Healthy people who frequently eat fatty fish (several times per week) have no need to supplement with Cod Liver Oil. To treat any of the above conditions it is best to seek the advice of your healthcare provider before using Cod Liver Oil.

    Because the body naturally produces Vitamin D when exposed to sunlight, a common way to benefit from this oil while avoiding a Vitamin D overdose is to take Cod Liver Oil during the late fall through winter. The ideal dosage and timing of consumption depends on your seasonal sun exposure (providing natural Vitamin D production). The only way to be certain of any possible Vitamin D deficiencies or overdosing (from supplements) is to have your levels checked.

    SHARK LIVER OIL

    Shark Liver Oil is available as a dietary supplement in capsule and liquid forms. There are no standardized dosages. Shark liver oil maredted under the name isolutrol has been studied in a clinical trial of acne at a topical concentration of 0.15 grams per 100 ml.





    FISH OIL SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

    SAFETY CONCERNS

    FISH OIL

    People with diabetes should refrain from taking Fish Oil supplements because they have a high fat content; however, it is suggested diabetics consume fish in their meals for the essential fatty acids.

    SALMON FISH OIL

    Mercury Concerns: Women who are pregnant or breast feeding, children under 12, and those who eat a predominately seafood diet need to be aware of their level of mercury consumption. Mercury is a naturally occurring element that is found at some level the world over. Fish that come from heavily polluted fisheries, are slow growing or can attain a substantial weight are all more likely to have a higher mercury level than those fish that have shorter life spans and are harvested from clean fisheries.

    Alaska Seafood comes from some of the cleanest fisheries in the world, and as a result, have lower mercury levels than most wild caught seafood. In fact all species of wild salmon, young halibut and ling cod, Alaska pacific cod, and black rockfish are so low in their mercury content that there are no dietary restrictions on the amounts anyone can eat of these species.

    COD LIVER OIL

    Cod Liver Oil is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses, but for those with heart conditions, or diabetes, it is best to consult your health care provider taking Cod Liver Oil supplements.

    There has been some thought of the presence of contaminates in Cod Liver Oil. Things like heavy metal: mercury, cadmium and lead. The fact of this matter is consumer need not worry when it comes to Cod Liver Oil. This oil in the US must be tested according to protocols of the Association of Analytical Communities (AOAC) and approved free of detectable levels of 32 contaminants before the can be imported into this country. Another fact is mercury is water-soluble so, it may be present in the flesh of fish but it is not present in the oil.

    SHARK LIVER OIL

    Contraindications have not been identified. No interactions are well documented. No information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Few toxic effects ahve been reported. Shark liver oil supplements may have an unpleasant taste and/or odor. There have been reports of shark liver oil-induced pheumonia in humans and pigs.

    Although many people have taken shark liver oil, the issue of potential toxicity at the usual doses has not been well studied. Some mild digestive problems such as nausea, upset stomach, and diarrhea have been reported. Some animal studies have found that shark liver oil and its components may raise blood cholesterol levels. A Japanese study found some shark liver oil supplements to be contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). PCBs can have harmful effects in humans and may increase the risk of some types of cancer. People with seafood allergies may also react to shark liver oil.

    Relying on this type of treatment alone and avoiding or delaying conventional medical care for cancer may have serious health consequences.






    FISH OIL SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

  • Cod Liver Oil Supplement Products
  • Fish Oil Supplement Products

  • Salmon Fish Oil Supplement Products
  • Shark Liver Oil Supplement Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS


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    COD LIVER OIL SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Marine lipids exercise a beneficial effect on many degenerative and autoimmune diseases such as lupus, arthritis, migraines, heart disease and even cancer.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, Lemon Flavor, Spectrum Essentials, 8 fl. oz. (66689)
    Cod liver oil contains the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA. DHA supports memory and nervous system functioning, while EPA supports heart health, reduces inflammation and improves cellular integrity. Cod liver oil has a high ratio of DHA to EPA making it a great choice to boost your omega-3 intake. Spectrum Cod Liver Oil comes from wild-caught Norwegian Arctic cod fished in a sustainable manner from the cold pristine waters of the Norwegian and Barents Seas with a mild pleasant taste.
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, Strawberry Flavor, Child Life Essentials, 8 fl. oz. (61268)
    Purified Cod Liver oil with Vitamin E (d-alpha-tocopherol) with an all-natural strawberry flavor. For many generations among many different cultures, families have given their children Cod Liver Oil. Folklore tells us that this was because families observed how children raised with Cod Liver Oil, grew healthier and smarter. Modern science now confirms this historical wisdom. ChildLife provides the world’s purest Cod Liver Oil available. Every bottle is tested for any contaminants, PCB’s, dioxins, metals, or other toxins, and exceeds all standards for the highest purity.
    HerbsPro: Oceans 3 Beyond Omega 3 Cod Liver Oil, Garden of Life, 8 fl. oz. (82117)
    Oceans 3 Beyond Omega-3 Cod Liver Oil is the only Omega-3 liquid supplement available with OmegaXanthin, a synergistic complex of three health-promoting compounds from the ocean. OmegaXanthin provides all the benefits of a high potency Omega-3 supplement plus two ocean-based antioxidants for an amplified range of benefits unmatched by ordinary Omega-3 formulations.
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Unflavored, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92123)
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Orange Flavor, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92126)
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Peach, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92129)
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Strawberry, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92132)
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Lemon, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92137)
    HerbsPro: Arctic-D Cod Liver Oil, Orange Flavor, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92126)
    HerbsPro: Arctic-D Cod Liver Oil, Lemon Flavor, Nordic Naturals, 8 fl. oz. (92136)
    HerbsPro: Natural Omega-3 Icelandic Cod Liver Oil, Lemon Flavor, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 8.5 fl. oz. (100816)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Plain Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (19516)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Cherry Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (19512)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Mint Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (19515)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Emulsified Mint Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (19513)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Emulsified Orange Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (19514)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Emulsified Lemon Flavor, TwinLab, 12 fl. oz. (73286)
    HerbsPro: Oceans 3 Beyond Omega 3 Cod Liver Oil, Garden of Life, 16 fl. oz. (82122)
    Oceans 3 Beyond Omega-3 Cod Liver Oil is the only Omega-3 liquid supplement available with OmegaXanthin, a synergistic complex of three health-promoting compounds from the ocean. OmegaXanthin provides all the benefits of a high potency Omega-3 supplement plus two ocean-based antioxidants for an amplified range of benefits unmatched by ordinary Omega-3 formulations.
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Orange, Nordic Naturals, 16 fl. oz. (92128)
    HerbsPro: Liquid Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Lemon Flavor, Natures Answer, 16 fl. oz. (83332)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil #5, Sonne Products, 16 fl. oz. (63918)
    This cod liver oil is the crudest form on the market, purposely less refined to retain the unsaturated fatty acids: linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic. A specific Omega-3 fatty acid called EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) found in cold water fish and marine mammals has been found to help protect against heart conditions. The primary mechanism responsible for this is EPA’s nutritional ability to thin blood and discourage excess blood clotting. Additionally, EPA may aid in protecting our bodies by lowering triglycerides while raising HDL’s (high-density lipoproteins), which are beneficial lipoproteins.
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Skin Formula, TwinLab, 60 Softgels (19519)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, Thompson Nutritional Products, 800 mg, 60 Softgels (89651)
    HerbsPro: Natural Omega-3 Icelandic Cod Liver Oil, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 90 Softgels (100817)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Pure Fish Oil, Health From The Sun, 90 Softgels (69638)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil Concentrate, Natures Life, 1000 mg, 90 Softgels (90091)
    HerbsPro: Super Cod Liver Oil, Natural Factors, 1100 mg, 90 Softgels (84219)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Omega-3, Natures Bounty, 100 Caps (97477)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 100 Softgels (19518)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Emulsified, TwinLab, 100 Softgels (19582)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, A Natural Source of Vitamins A & D, Country Life, 100 Softgels (37102)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, Sundown Naturals, 100 Softgels (97541)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Vitamin A & D Supplement, Solgar, 100 Softgels (36328)
    Cod Liver Oil is a natural source of Vitamins A and D as well as Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Vitamins A and D support a healthy immune system and skin, promote healthy eyes and vision, and support bone health. Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA & DHA) are considered health promoting or good fats. The oil used in this formulation has been molecularly distilled to remove contaminants.
    HerbsPro: Arctic Cod Liver Oil, Lemon Flavor, Nordic Naturals, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (92134)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil Concentrate, Natures Life, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (90092)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, EPA-DHA, Nutricology Allergy Research, 180 Softgels (108783)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 250 Softgels (19517)
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, A Natural Source of Vitamins A & D, Country Life, 250 Softgels (37103)
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Vitamin A & D Supplement, Solgar, 250 Softgels (36329)
    Cod Liver Oil is a natural source of Vitamins A and D as well as Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Vitamins A and D support a healthy immune system and skin, promote healthy eyes and vision, and support bone health. Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA & DHA) are considered health promoting or good fats. The oil used in this formulation has been molecularly distilled to remove contaminants.
    HerbsPro: Cod Liver Oil, Now Foods, 650 mg, 250 Softgels (67979)
    Cod Liver Oil is a fish oil supplement rich in certain nutrients such as Vitamins A and D-3. It also contains Omega-3 Fatty Acids, specifically EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid), which have been shown to support overall health. This Cod Liver Oil is tested to be free of potentially harmful levels of contaminants (i.e. mercury, heavy metals, PCB's, dioxins and other contaminants). This double strength Cod Liver Oil contains twice the Vitamin A and D-3 as in our regular strength Cod Liver Oil softgels. From the FDA's website: Supportive but not conclusive research shows that consumption of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 100 Softgels: K
    Nutrionally supports cardiovascular health, general health and wellness. Fish oil contains EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), both omega-3 fatty acids. Cod liver oil contains large amounts of EPA and DHA. These fatty acids keep blood triglycerides, associated with increased risk of heart disease, in check, and may inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis. EPA and DHA keep blood from clotting too quickly, and thus and may help protect against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 100 Softgels: HF
    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 250 Softgels: K
    Fish oil contains EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), both omega-3 fatty acids. Cod liver oil contains large amounts of EPA and DHA. These fatty acids keep blood triglycerides, associated with increased risk of heart disease, in check, and may inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis. EPA and DHA keep blood from clotting too quickly, and thus and may help protect against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    Kalyx: Cod Liver Oil, Strawberry Flavored, Childlife, 8 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, TwinLab, 12 fl oz: HF
    Norwegian Cod Liver Oil supplies the fatty acids EPA and DHA, which support mood and cardiovascular health, as well as healthy joint function. Clinical studies have shown that a diet that has at least 400 mg of Omega-3 fatty acids (300 mg of which are EPA and DHA) nutritionally supports cardiovascular health. Also, a recent study has shown that a diet with 768.6 mg of EPA supports healthy joint function.
    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Cherry Flavored, TwinLab, 12 fl oz: K
    Kalyx: Norwegian Cod Liver Oil, Mint Flavored, TwinLab, 12 fl oz: HF


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Cod Liver Oil Supplement Products



    These are a select group of Cod Liver Oil products. These merchants have many more products available.

  • Nutrition Basics: Fish & Salmon Oil Information



  • SALMON FISH OIL SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil, Natural Factors, 1000 mg, 90 Softgels (84322)
    HerbsPro: Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil, Natural Factors, Enteric Coated, 1000 mg, 90 Softgels (84324)
    HerbsPro: Natural Omega 3 Salmon Oil, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 90 Softgels (100805)
    HerbsPro: Salmon Oil, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 100 Softgels (68688)
    HerbsPro: Salmon Oil, American Health, 1000 mg, 120 Softgels (13665)
    HerbsPro: Salmon Oil, Sundown Naturals, 1000 mg, 120 Softgels (102896)
    HerbsPro: Natural Omega 3 Salmon Oil, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (100806)
    HerbsPro: Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil, Natural Factors, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (84323)
    HerbsPro: Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil, Natural Factors, Enteric Coated, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (84325)
    HerbsPro: Salmon Oil, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 250 Softgels (68689)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Salmon Oil American Health, 1,000 mg, 120 Softgels: K
    Kalyx: Salmon Oil, American Health, 1000 mg, 120 Softgels: HF
    Kalyx: Salmon Oil, Kalyx, 1,000 mg, 6,000 Softgels: GF


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Salmon Fish Oil Supplement Products



  • Nutrition Basics: EFA - Essential Fatty Acids Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Fish Salmon Oil Information



  • SHARK LIVER OIL SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: ImmunoFin Shark Liver Oil, Lane Labs, 250 mg, 120 Caps
    ImmunoFin is a G-E Lipid (Glycerol Ether) supplement made from naturally purified shark liver oil. G-E Lipids are compounds that are naturally produced by your body and are found in concentrated amounts in such places as bone marrow, liver, spleen, or human milk. When your immune system is active, G-E lipids help to fight the battle against colds, flu, and other more serious diseases. ImmunoFin actually works to replenish your body's immune system with G-E lipids, as opposed to other natural products that only claim to give the immune system a boost.
    HerbsPro: AKG Shark Liver Oil, Immune Function Support, Country Life, 500 mg, 30 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Shark Liver Oil Complex, Solgar, 500 mg, 60 Softgels
    Shark Liver Oil contains alkylglycerols that are found naturally in bone marrow, spleen, and human breast milk. Alkylglycerols are involved in white blood cell formation to support immune function.
    HerbsPro: Shark Liver Oil, Immune System Boost, Scandinavian Formulas, 500 mg, 120 Caps
    It is recorded that Shark Liver Oil has been used for centuries in Scandinavian countries, to help the immune system. For the last 40 years, researchers have discovered and studied a group of immuno-chemicals in shark liver oil known as “alkylglycerols” that are found in significant amounts in human breast milk, and in the liver, spleen and bone marrow, all of which are blood-forming organs. The highest concentration of alkylglycerols has been found in the liver of deep-water sharks, which is a reliable source for the natural supplement industry. Alkylglycerol, or AKG for short are a fatty substance belonging to a class of fats called ether lipids, or ether-linked glycerols. Our shark liver oil is processed from the livers of sharks found in the deep waters off the coast of Norway and the northern Atlantic Ocean. The shark liver accounts for up to one-third of the shark’s size and weight, and can yield up to 100 gallons of oil, containing over 20% Alkylglycerols within the oil. Contaminants, pesticides, heavy metals have been removed as well as unwanted fatty substances such as cholesterol, EPA/DHA and excessive amounts of Vitamin A & D and squalene. Each 500 mg gelcap is purified and standardized to provide 100 mg of alkylglycerols.
    HerbsPro: Norwegian Shark Liver Oil, Life Extension, 1000 mg, 30 Softgels
    Research has shed additional light on the multi-faceted benefits of alkylglycerols standardized from shark liver oil. Alkylglycerols act as immune system boosting agents. As a natural bacteria fighter, alkylglycerols are able to support the helper T-cells, which are highly sensitized to the bacteria-infected macrophage, and thus the body is able to regulate the bacteria. As an antifungal, alkylglycerols are bene-ficial because they are known to increase production of certain cytokines. (The daily dose of one 1000-mg Shark Liver Oil softgel, containing 200 mg of alkylglycerol, taken for up to 30 days, has been shown to be a powerful antifungal. This Norwegian Shark Liver Oil is processed from the livers of sharks found in the waters off the coast of Norway. Each softgel is standardized to provide 200 mg of alkylglycerols.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Shark Liver Oil Supplement Products



  • Nutrition Basics: Fish & Salmon Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Shark Cartilage Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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