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BREAST CARE DESCRIPTION
BREAST CANCER SCREENING GUIDELINES - AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY 2015
These Guidelines for Breast Cancer Screening (2015) recommendations represent guidance from the American Cancer Society (ACS) for women at average risk of breast cancer: women without a personal history of breast cancer, a suspected or confirmed genetic mutation known to increase risk of breast cancer (eg, BRCA), or a history of previous radiotherapy to the chest at a young age. The ACS recommends that all women should become familiar with the potential benefits, limitations, and harms associated with breast cancer screening.
1. Women with an average risk of breast cancer should undergo regular screening mammography starting at age 45 years. (Strong Recommendation)
1a. Women aged 45 to 54 years should be screened annually. (Qualified Recommendation)
1b. Women 55 years and older should transition to biennial screening or have the opportunity to continue screening annually. (Qualified Recommendation)
1c. Women should have the opportunity to begin annual screening between the ages of 40 and 44 years. (Qualified Recommendation)
2. Women should continue screening mammography as long as their overall health is good and they have a life expectancy of 10 years or longer. (Qualified Recommendation)
3. The ACS does not recommend clinical breast examination for breast cancer screening among average-risk women at any age. (Qualified Recommendation)
A strong recommendation conveys the consensus that the benefits of adherence to that intervention outweigh the undesirable effects that may result from screening. Qualified recommendations indicate there is clear evidence of benefit of screening but less certainty about the balance of benefits and harms, or about patientsí values and preferences, which could lead to different decisions about screening.
THE NEW GUIDELINES DEBATE
The recommendations suggested by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) have called breast cancer screening guidelines into question and have sparked debate and disagreement among breast health experts. The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American College of Radiology (ACR) and the World Health Organization (WHO) strongly disagree with the suggested new guidelines. The ACS stands behind its recommendation that women who are at average risk for breast cancer should have yearly mammography beginning at age 40. The ACR considers the new guidelines a reversal of progress.
A spokeswoman for the USPSTF said that the suggested guidelines are part of the task force's standard review of all preventive health topics that occurs every five years, and they are the result of a careful analysis of benefits and risks. For instance, early detection and reduced breast cancer deaths were compared with false-positive results, which can cause anxiety and require more testing. While the debate rages on among experts, here's what you need to know about breast cancer screenings:
- Mammograms: Mammograms are is the only screening proven to decrease mortality. Mammograms are an important tool for detecting breast cancer at an early stage when the treatment outcomes are most favorable for the patient. But the benefits and limitations of mammography vary based on factors like age and breast density. These will be different in high-risk patients. Women should talk with their health care providers about their personal risk factors before making a decision about when to start getting mammograms or how often they should get them.
- Breast Self Exams: While the USPSTF does not recommend breast self-exams, the ACS says they are an option for women ages 20 and older as a means of familiarizing themselves with their breasts so that they can notice changes more easily. Talking with your health care provider about the benefits and limitations can help you decide if you should start performing these self-exams.
- Clinical Breast Exams: The ACS recommends clinical breast exams at least every three years for all women in their 20s and 30s, and annually for women ages 40 and older. The USPSTF, however, believes there is not enough evidence to assess their value for women ages 40 and older. The new recommendations do not address clinical breast exams for women younger than age 40. Women should talk with their health care providers about their personal risk factors and make a decision about whether they should have a clinical breast exam.
BREAST CARE TIPS DURING PREGNANCY
Pregnancy is one of the most special moments of a woman's life. As mammals, we are blessed with mammary glands or breasts to feed our offspring after they come into this world. During pregnancy our body undergoes a lot of physical and hormonal changes. The fat and milk glands start developing, which increases the size of the breast. Proper breast care during pregnancy should be a mother's top priority. This will not make her face any problems in breastfeeding after childbirth. However, practicing a few breast care tips during pregnancy, will reduce chances of improper breast size or risk of not being able to feed the baby after its birth and even, breast cancer.
1. During the first-trimester, increase in breast size is very rapid. Take care to wear a rightly sized bra, so that you do not develop stretch marks. Since this will continue to happen until you stop feeding the child, keep changing the bra accordingly.
2. Avoid wearing under-wired bras, as they might hamper the functioning of the milk glands. Similarly, wearing a very tight bra, may press down the nipple and block the milk ducts.
3. Overtime, as there is a regular increase in breast size, it tends to change color and nipple too tend to darken. Sometimes the nipple might become too rough and might develop cracks. Lightly massage your nipples with Coconut Oil to bring down this problem. If it persists visit a health care provider, otherwise you will not be able to feed your baby later.
4. One prenatal pregnancy problem that you might experience is colostrum discharge during the last trimester. This is normal. If this happens, change the bra whenever necessary. If the nipple area remains too wet, it might lead to infection or cracks.
5. Some women have inverted nipples. These women can gently pull out the nipples, so that the nipples are in a correct position by the time the child is born. This is one important breast care tip that has to be followed during pregnancy.
Being ignorant about breast care during pregnancy might make breast-feeding a very painful process. This might lead you to stop breast-feeding your baby and resort to other methods like bottle-feeding. Take care and follow the above pregnancy and breast care tips for an enjoyable motherhood.
BREAST CARE WHILE BREASTFEEDING
Your breasts will go through normal changes while you are breastfeeding. Sometimes breast and nipple problems can develop while you are breastfeeding. Learn about changes that are normal and those that may be a problem. Breast care can help you prevent and manage problems so you and your baby can enjoy the benefits of breastfeeding.
For the first few days after your baby is born, your body makes a small amount of breast milk (colostrum). Within about 2 to 5 days, your body will begin making mature milk. It may take up to 10 days or longer for mature milk to come in. When your mature milk comes in, your breasts will become full and firm. They may feel tender.
Breastfeeding your baby will decrease the full feeling in your breasts. You may feel a tingly sensation during feedings as milk is released from your breasts. This is called the milk let-down reflex. After 7 or more days, the fullness may feel like it has decreased. Your nipples should look the same as they did before you started breastfeeding. Breasts that feel full before and empty after breastfeeding are signs that breastfeeding is going well.
Nipple soreness may occur when you begin to breastfeed your baby. You may have nipple soreness if your baby does not latch on to your breast correctly. Correct positioning and latch-on may decrease or stop the pain in your nipples. Work with your caregiver to help your baby latch on correctly. It may also be helpful to place warm, wet compresses on your nipples to help decrease pain.
Plugged milk ducts may cause painful breast lumps. Plugged ducts may be caused by not emptying your breasts completely during feedings. When your baby pauses during breastfeeding, massage and gently squeeze your breast. Gentle massage may unplug a blocked milk duct. Pump out any milk left in your breasts after your baby is done breastfeeding. Avoid wearing tight tops, tight bras, or under-wire bras, because they may put pressure on your breasts.
Engorgement may occur as your milk comes in soon after you begin breastfeeding. Engorgement may cause your breasts to become swollen and painful. Your breasts may also become engorged if you miss a feeding or you do not breastfeed on demand. The best way to decrease engorgement symptoms is to empty your breasts by feeding your baby often. Engorgement can make it hard for your baby to latch on to your breast. If this happens, express a small amount of milk and then have your baby latch on. Cold compresses, gel packs, or ice packs on your breasts can help decrease pain and swelling. Ask your caregiver how often and how long you should use cold, or ice packs.
A breast infection called mastitis can develop if you have plugged milk ducts or engorgement. Mastitis causes your breasts to become red, swollen, and painful. You may also have flu-like symptoms, such as chills and a fever. Place heat on your breasts to help decrease the pain. You may want to place a moist, warm cloth on the painful breast or both of your breasts. Ask your caregiver how often to do this. Your caregiver may suggest that you take an NSAID, such as ibuprofen, to decrease pain and swelling. Your caregiver may also order antibiotics to treat mastitis. Ask your caregiver about feeding your baby when you have a breast infection.
PROBLEM PREVENTION & MANAGEMENT
Proper positioning. Learn how to position your baby and latch him on correctly. To latch your baby correctly to your breast, make sure that his mouth covers most of your areola (dark area around your nipple). He should not be attached only to the nipple. Your baby is latched on well if you feel comfortable and do not feel pain. A correct latch helps him get enough milk and can help to prevent sore nipples and other breast problems. There are several breastfeeding positions that you can try. Find the position that works best for you and your baby. Ask your caregiver for more information about how to hold and breastfeed your baby.
Prevent biting. Your baby may get teeth at about 3 to 4 months of age. To help prevent biting, break his suction once he is finished breastfeeding or if he has fallen asleep. To break his suction, slip a finger into the side of his mouth. If your baby bites you, respond with surprise or unhappiness. Offer praise when he does not bite you.
Breastfeed your baby regularly. Feed your baby 8 to 12 times a day. You may need to wake your baby at night to feed him. It is okay to feed from one or both breasts at each feeding. Your baby should breastfeed from both breasts equally over the course of a day. If your baby only feeds from one side during a feeding, offer your other breast to him first for the next feeding.
Schedule and keep follow-up visits. Talk to your baby's caregiver or your caregiver during follow-up visits if you have breast problems. Caregivers may suggest that you, or you and your partner, attend classes on breastfeeding. You also may want to join a breastfeeding support group. Caregivers may suggest that you see a lactation consultant. This is a caregiver who can help you with breastfeeding.
CONTACT YOUR CAREGIVER IF:
- You have a fever and chills.
- You have body aches and you feel like you do not have any energy.
- One or both of your breasts is red, swollen or hard, painful, and feels warm or hot.
- You have breast engorgement that does not get better within 24 hours.
- You see or feel a lump in your breast that hurts when you touch it.
- You have nipple pain during breastfeeding or between feedings.
- Your nipples are red, dry, cracked, or bleeding, or they have scabs on them.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn as much as you can about breastfeeding. Ask your caregivers questions about breast care. Work with them to decide what care is best for you and your baby.
BREAST CARE PRODUCTS
QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS
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Amazon: Breastfeeding Breast Care, Supplements & Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Information
BREAST & NIPPLE CARE PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: Mababa Baby Nipple Cream, Life-Flo, 1.67 oz. (86333)
Maternal Care Nursing Balm, Aleva Naturals, 1.7 oz.
Healthy Skincare Naturally. Helps Soothe and Protect Sore, Dry and Chapped Nipples Associated with Breast-Feeding*. Lanolin Free. Start to apply during the last trimester of pregnancy to soothe dryness and prepare for a healthy breast-feeding experience. Continue applying between feedings.
HerbsPro: Natural Nipple Butter, Earth Mama Angel Baby, 2 oz. (78174)
Earth Mama Angel Baby's Natural Nipple Butter is a rich, organic nipple cream, made with naturally healing organic calendula, cocoa butter, shea butter and mango butter. It is clinically tested and safe for both nursing mamas and babies - no need to wash it off before nursing - and it is hospital recommended! We all know that breastfeeding is a wonder of nature, and the best way to nourish your new little one. But sore nipples are no petty predicament. Sore and cracked nipples can diminish some of the joy of nursing, so keeping them nourished, protected and moisturized helps you as you nourish your angel baby, naturally. Lanolin-free, toxin-free, cruelty-free, and certified vegan.
Kalyx: Breastfeeding Natural Nipple Butter, Earth Mama Angel Baby, 2 fl oz: K
Amazon: Nipple Care Breast Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Information
BREAST PUMP BREASTFEEDING PRODUCTS
Amazon: Breast Pump Breastfeeding Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Information
MAMMARY CARE FORMULA PRODUCTS
CHINESE HERBS DIRECT PRODUCTS
Chinese Herbs Direct: Mammary Care, Balanceuticals, TCM Formula, 100% Natural, 60 Caps
This time-honored formula is used in Chinese medicine to promote blood circulation and remove stasis, inhibit inflammation, and maintain healthy internal secretion and consistency of the breasts.
Chinese Herbs Direct: Mammary & Uterus Care Tea, Health King TCM Formula, 20 Tea Bags
Mammary & Uterus Care Herb Tea is made of wild asparagi radix, vaccariae semen, pyrrosia, biota tops and blue citrus peel. It provides asparagine, saponin, flavonoid, b-sitosterol, vitamin B1, 5-methoxy methyl furfural, diplotene, thujone, juniperic acid and sabinic acid. Chinese medicine uses it to nourish the Yin, maintain normal breast structure and consistency, remove stagnancy and heat, and to maintain healthy mammary and uterus functions.
HerbsPro: Breast Care, Woodland Publishing, 28 Page Booklet (90193)
HerbsPro: Mammary Care, Balanceuticals, 60 Caps (74659)
This time-honored formula is used in Chinese medicine to promote blood circulation and remove stasis, inhibit inflammation, and maintain healthy internal secretion and consistency of the breasts. As a dietary supplement, take 3 to 5 capsules 3 times daily. Not for use by pregnant woman. Store in a cool and dry place out of the reach of children.
HerbsPro: Mammary & Uterus Care Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags (51182)
Mammary & Uterus Care Herb Tea is made of wild asparagi radix, vaccariae semen, pyrrosia, biota tops and blue citrus peel. They provide asparagine, saponin, flavonoid, b-sitosterol, vitamin B1, 5-methoxy methyl furfural, diplotene, thujone, juniperic acid, sabinic acid, etc. Chinese medicine uses them to nourish the Yin, maintain normal breast structure and consistency, remove stagnancy and heat, and to maintain healthy mammary and uterus functions.
Amazon: Mammary Care Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Supplements Information
MOTHER'S MILK HERBAL PRODUCTS
Traditional Medicine's Mother's Milk Tea promotes healthy lactation by combining herbs used in traditional Greco-European herbalism prepared as tea infusions to activate and promote lactation in nursing mothers. Mother's Milk Tea is based on a synergistic combination of seeds traditionally used as galactagogues (agents that increase the flow of milk), including fennel seed, anise seed and fenugreek seed. Their actions are enhanced by herbs traditionally used to stimulate the appetite and increase the flow of bile into the intestine, blessed thistle herb and coriander seed. Soothing demulcent support is provided by althea root and fenugreek seed. Mother's Milk Tea is a balanced and good tasting herbal blend formulated to enhance the nursing experience. Mother's Milk Proprietary Blend contains sweet fennel seed, anise seed, coriander seed, spearmint leaf, lemongrass leaf, lemon verbena leaf, althea root, blessed thistle herb, fenugreek seed.
HerbsPro: Mothers Milk Formula, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 100 Caps (88690)
HerbsPro: Mother's Milk Tea, Organic, Traditional Medicinals Teas, 16 Tea Bags (19366)
Organic Mother's Milk promotes healthy lactation* and is traditionally used to increase breast milk production. This traditional combination of anise, fennel, and caraway has been in continuous use for centuries by European women. Organic Mother's Milk is recommended by lactation counselors and medical herbalists. Organic Mother's Milk has a pleasantly aromatic balance of sweet, spicy and slightly bitter tastes. Certified by the California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF).
Kalyx: Mother's Milk Tea, Traditional Medicinals, 16 Tea Bags: K
Amazon: Mothers Milk Herbal Products
NO MORE MILK HERBAL TEA PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: No More Milk Tea, Earth Mama Angel Baby, 16 Tea Bags (79835)
No More Milk Herbal Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Supplements Products
NURSING PADS BREAST CARE PRODUCTS
Nursing pads ensure hygiene and clothing protection for nursing mothers. Choose a pad that is cool and comfortable, absorbent, chlorine free made of natural and sustainable materials. Change breast pads frequently and always keep your nipples clean. Wash hands before contact with nipples. Follow instructions of your midwife or health care provider for more breastfeeding information.
Amazon: Nursing (Breastfeeding) Breast Pads, Breast Care Products
Nutrition Basics: Breast Care Supplement Products
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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