animated goddess mdbs banner animated goddess


MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

COBALT
Mineral Supplements


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Cobalt Description & Overview
  • Cobalt Health Benefits, Uses & Scientific Evidence
  • Cobalt Dietary Sources
  • Cobalt Dosage Information
  • Cobalt Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Cobalt Supplement Products




  • Cobalt


    COBALT DESCRIPTION

    OVERVIEW

    Cobalt is also known as cobalamin, cyanocobalamin, and hydroxyocobalamin.

    Cobalt, in elemental form, is a hard gray metal. Cobalt is part of the Vitamin B-12 molecule as cobalamin, and there is little evidence of other roles of Cobalt in human nutrition. The Cobalt atom in B-12 is surrounded and attached to a methyl group, a deoxyadenosyl group and a hydroxyl group or a cyano group. Cobalt is present in the body only a component of Vitamin B-12, with a well-recognized essential function for producing red blood cells (erthropoiesis) and maintaining the nervous system. Cobalt serves some of the same purposes as Manganese and Zinc. It can replace Manganese in the activation of several enzymes (biochemical reaction activators) and it can replace zinc in some biochemical reactions. Cobalt also participates in the biotin-dependent Krebs-cycle, the process that the body uses to break down sugars into energy.
    The human requirement for Cobalt is not the ionic form of the metal, but for a preformed metallovitamin that cannot be synthesized from dietary metal. Therefore it is the Vitamin B-12 content of foods in the diet that is of importance in human nutrition.





    COBALT HEALTH BENEFITS, USES & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    HEALTH BENEFITS

    The body seems to benefit from only a small amount of cobalt.

    Research indicates that cobalt helps maintain the myelin sheath, promotes glucose transport from the blood into body cells, and supports the assimilation of Iron and the building of red blood cells. Cobalt is an important agent of Vitamin B-12; it increases the body's ability to absorb it. Cobalt stimulates many enzymes of the body and maintains the performance of other body cells. Because of its low absorption rate and high excretion rate, Cobalt toxicity is not common, but an excess can lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland. Cobalt is stored in red blood cells with smaller amounts in the kidney, liver, pancreas and spleen.
    • The functions and activity of cobalt are essential the same as Vitamin B-12. Therefore, cobalt plays a role in erythropoiesis.
    • Cobalt, in the form of CoC12, assists in regulating certain phosphoprotein phosphatases, such as casein and phosvitin phosphatases.
    • Along with Manganese (Mn) and Nickel (Ni), cobalt can substitute for Zinc (Zn) in the metalloenzymes, angiotensin-converting enzyme, carboxypeptidase, and carbonic anhydrase.

    MEDICALLY VALID USES

    Cobalt, as a component of Vitamin B-12, prevents pernicious anemia. Vitamin B-12 is also essential for maintaining the nervous system.

    There are currently no beneficial claims based upon Cobalt as a single element.

    Vitamin B-12 Deficiency & Hyperhomocysteinemia: It has been suggested that Vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia impact the metabolism of some trace elements, particularly cobalt and nickel. A study found that Vitamin B12-deficient pigs fed an oral supplement of Cobalt (1 mg/kg), had 47-percent lower serum homocysteine concentrations than B-12-deficient pigs fed a lower dose of cobalt (0.13 mg/kg). However, B-12 status of both groups was not affected. Nickel supplementation also improved B-12 status in the liver and serum, and decreased the concentration of serum homocysteine. The results suggested that Cobalt and Nickel influenced response of the pig to Vitamin B-12 deficiency. In addition, the accumulation of homocysteine in the serum, a symptom of B-12 deficiency, can be attenuated by Cobalt and Nickel even though the mode of action of these elements seems to differ.

    RELATED HEALTH LINKS

    MoonDragon's Womens Health: Pernicious Anemia Information
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamin B-12 Supplement Information





    COBALT DIETARY SOURCES

    FOOD SOURCES

    Dietary sources of cobalt are the same as Vitamin B-12, such as foods of animal origin or fermented foods where the bacteria produce the vitamin. Organ meats are the best source of Vitamin B-12 (liver, kidney, heart, and pancreas), followed by clams, oysters, extra-lean beef, seafood, eggs, milk and yogurt, chicken, cheese, and miso (a fermented soybean product).

    COBALT DEFICIENCY

    A deficiency in cobalt is ultimately a deficiency in Vitamin B-12. Increased consumption of Vitamin B-12 via food and/or supplements would alleviate any deficiency symptoms. Since the primary sources of Vitamin B-12 in the diet are animal products, vegetarians have a high risk of developing B-12 deficiency. Therefore, it is recommended to use a supplement in order to prevent the Vitamin B-12 deficiency.

    Other conditions that may be associated with an increased risk for Cobalt deficiency include:





    COBALT DOSAGE INFORMATION

    No safe Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) or Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intake has been set or established for cobalt.

    Trace amounts of cobalt are present in most foods. Foods high in vitamin B-12 are the only source of cobalt actively used by the body. When present in nutritional supplements, Cobalt is usually measured in micrograms (mcg or µg). The average adult intake of cobalt is 5 to 8 mcg per day. Cobalt supplements are best taken in the form of vitamin B-12.

    A Cobalt deficiency is ultimately also a vitamin B-12 deficiency. Anemia, specifically pernicious anemia, is one of the obvious symptoms of a cobalt deficiency. Numbness, fatigue, tingling in the extremities, and decreased nerve function occur in long-standing pernicious

    No health hazards or side effects are known, however caution should be used with pregnancy or nursing. Information on the relationship between substances and disease is provided for general information, in order to convey a balanced review of the scientific literature. In many cases the relationship between a substance and a disease is tentative and additional research is needed to confirm such a relationship.





    COBALT SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTION INFORMATION

    HIGH DOSAGE TOXICITY & SUPPLEMENT CAUTIONS

    In the past, Cobalt was recommended for treating anemia, nephritis and infection in addition to the usual hemopoietic agents. Reports of goiter, myxedema and congestive heart failure have been found in five patients. Industrial exposure to high amounts of cobalt and consumption of beer contaminated with excessive amounts of cobalt produce cardiomyopathy with a high mortality risk.

  • Cobalt is toxic to the heart muscle and can result in toxic cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) after excessive exposure.
  • Polycythemia, an increase in red blood cells, may be a symptom of cobalt excess. Untreated polycythemia can result in congestive heart failure.
  • Excessive intake of cobalt may produce a goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) and reduce the activity of the thyroid.
  • Cobalt may cause hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar).
  • Since cobalt is a key component of vitamin B-12, individuals with Leber's syndrome, a rare eye condition, should not take any nutritional supplements containing vitamin B-12 without first consulting their health care provider. Vitamin B-12 in the form of cyanocobalamin could contribute to vision loss in those with this syndrome.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult a health care provider before taking any mineral supplements.


  • There are no known significant food or drug interactions associated with cobalt.





    COBALT SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

  • Cobalt Supplement Products

  • Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS


    FTC Advertising & Affilate Disclosure: This website has an affiliate relationship with certain merchants selling products and we recieve commissions from those sales to help support this website. Any products listed here are not listed by any rating system. We do not rate any product or post any feedback about products listed here. We leave this to the individual merchants to provide. We do not provide product prices or shopping carts since you do not order these products directly from us, but from the merchant providing the products. We only provide the link to that merchant webpage with all related product information and pricing. The products are listed here by merchant, product use, quantity size or volume, and for nutritional supplements - dosage per unit. All product descriptions are provided by the merchant or manufacturer and are not our descriptive review of the product. We do not endorse any specific product or attest to its effectiveness to treat any health condition or support nutritional requirements for any individual.


    COBALT SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Cobalt Supplement Products



  • Nutrition Basics: Cobalt Supplement Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |






    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







  • For a full list of available products from Mountain Rose Herbs, click on banner below:






    Starwest Botanicals




    HerbsPro Supplement Store


    HerbsPro




    Up to 70% Off Bath & Beauty - evitamins


    eVitamins








    Kalyx.com Herbs, Foods, Supplements, Bath & Body


    Chinese Herbs Direct


    Ayurvedic Herbs Direct


    Pet Herbs Direct


    TakeHerb.com


    Wild Divine - Stress relief training software and meditation.


    Aleva Health - Hosiery, Orthopedics, Wound Care, Support, Diabetic Socks


    ShareASale Merchant-Affiliate Program








    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




    Top