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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

CHROMIUM
Mineral Supplements


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Chromium Description & Overview
  • Chromium Health Benefits
  • Chromium Uses & Scientific Evidence
  • Chromium Dietary Sources
  • Chromium Dosage Information
  • Chromium Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Chromium Supplement Products




  • Chromium Element - Image Courtesy of Periodictable.com


    CHROMIUM DESCRIPTION

    OVERVIEW

    Chromium was recognized as a consistent component of plants and animals by 1948. In 1954, chromium was found to enhance the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids from acetate. In 1959, Trivalent (having three bonding sites, such as antigen) Chromium was identified as the active component of the "glucose tolerance factor (GTF)," which may alleviate the impaired glucose tolerance in diets inadequate in chromium. In the 1960s, reports indicated that chromium was involved with blood sugar control.

    Chromium is an essential trace mineral that the body needs to grow properly and remain healthy. After calcium, chromium is the most popular mineral supplement on the American market today. Because it is involved in the metabolism of glucose, chromium (sometimes also called glucose tolerance factor or GTF) is needed for energy. It is also vital in the synthesis of cholesterol, fats, and protein. This essential mineral maintains stable blood sugar levels through proper insulin utilization, and can be helpful both for people with diabetes and those with hypoglycemia. Studies have shown that low plasma chromium levels can be an indication of coronary artery disease. Additional Chromium is needed during pregnancy because the developing fetus increases demand for this mineral. Chromium supplements can help an expectant mother maintain healthy blood sugar levels during pregnancy.


    GTF CHROMIUM


    Chromium is an essential part of the GTF (glucose tolerance factor) molecule. GTF is an important cofactor for insulin in the regulation of blood sugar, which is necessary for proper metabolism.

    GTF Chromium is a trace mineral that plays an important role in regulating blood sugar levels. Each glucose tolerance factor (GTF) molecule, a hormone like compound, requires chromium as its central atom. GTF works with insulin to transport glucose from the blood into the cells. When this function is not working properly, the cells resist insulin and do not properly absorb the glucose needed for energy.

    Evidence suggests that chromium also plays an important role in normal carbohydrate metabolism. It was found that patients receiving long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN) without chromium developed glucose intolerance, weight loss, and peripheral neuropathy. These symptoms were reversed when the patients were given intravenous doses of chromium. Some evidence suggests that chromium may help to improve glucose tolerance and consequently may be useful for individual with diabetes.

    Chromium GTF Molecule


    CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY IN THE DIET

    The average American diet is Chromium deficient. Only 1 in 10 Americans has an adequate amount of Chromium in his or her diet. There are 5 main reasons for this:
      1. The form of chromium in many foods is not easily absorbed (only 0.4 to 2.5 percent of dietary chromium is absorbed).
      2. Not enough foods containing chromium are consumed.
      3. Much of the chromium content is lost during processing.
      4. Many people do not like the foods that are the best sources of chromium.
      5. And high quantities of sugar in the diet cause a loss of chromium.

    Researchers estimate that two out of every three Americans are hypoglycemic, pre-hypoglycemic, or diabetic. The ability to maintain normal blood sugar levels is jeopardized by the lack of chromium in our soil and water supply and by a diet high in refined white sugar, flour, and junk foods. A number of human and animal studies have found that chromium supplements can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control in the face of insulin resistance, elevated glucose levels, impaired glucose tolerance, and diabetes.

    A deficiency of chromium can lead to anxiety, fatigue, glucose intolerance (particularly in people with diabetes), inadequate metabolism of amino acids, and an increased risk of arteriosclerosis. Excessive intake can lead to chromium toxicity, which has been associated with dermatitis, gastrointestinal ulcers, and kidney and liver impairment.

    Supplemental Chromium is best absorbed by the body when it is taken in a form called Chromium Picolinate (chromium chelated with picolinate, a naturally occurring amino acid metabolite). Picolinate enables chromium to readily enter into the body's cells, where the mineral can then help insulin do its job much more effectively.

    Chromium picolinate has been used successfully to control blood cholesterol and blood glucose levels. It also promotes the loss of fat and an increase in lean muscle tissue. Studies show it may increase longevity and help to fight osteoporosis.

    Chromium polynicotinate (chromium bonded to niacin) is an effective form of this mineral as well. It is also sold as chromium chloride.





    CHROMIUM HEALTH BENEFITS, USES & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    HEALTH BENEFITS

    Chromium is necessary for energy and essential in the synthesis of cholesterol, fats, and proteins. It helps maintain stable blood sugar levels. Additional Chromium is needed during pregnancy because a developing fetus demands an increase in this mineral, and it helps regulate the expectant mother’s blood sugar levels. Only 1 in 10 Americans has an adequate amount of Chromium in their diet. The major reasons for this deficiency is that Chromium is not easily absorbed in the body, people are not consuming enough foods that contain Chromium, and the high quantities of sugar in the diet is causing a loss of Chromium from the body.

    Chromium supplementation is used to lower cholesterol and blood glucose levels. This mineral promotes the loss of fat and an increase in lean muscle tissue. Studies have shown it may increase longevity and help fight osteoporosis. Active, athletic people burn more carbohydrates and have higher Chromium requirements than those who are not as active, and as we age Chromium levels decrease in our body which can cause a variety of health concerns. Adding Chromium supplements to the diet can also be helpful for diabetics and those with hypoglycemia.

    Chromium is generally accepted as an essential mineral that enhances insulin action and thus influences carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. In August 2005, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allowed a qualified health claim for chromium picolinate. The FDA's ruling was based on the findings that chromium picolinate helps to increase insulin sensitivity in those at high risk for diabetes. Recent studies indicate that chromium picolinate may be helpful for those who have diabetes.

    Most people do not need extra chromium in the form of nutritional supplements because this mineral is readily accessible in any healthy diet. But there are important exceptions. Although unusual, some Americans develop a chromium deficiency because they only consume highly processed, nutrient- (and chromium-) poor foods. In such cases, chromium supplements, usually as part of a daily multiple vitamin and mineral pill, may be necessary.

    Chromium can be found in the following food sources: Beer, Brewer’s Yeast, Brown Rice, cheese, meat, and whole grains. It is also contained in Dried Beans, Blackstrap Molasses, Calf Liver, Chicken, Corn & Corn Oil, Dairy products, dried (desiccated) Liver, Dulse (edible Red Seaweed), Eggs, Mushrooms, and Potatoes. Catnip, Horsetail, Licorice, Nettle, Oat Straw, Red Clover, Sarsaparilla, Wild Yam and Yarrow herbs contain Chromium as well.

    According to a handful of clinical trials, chromium (picolinate and other forms) appears to have a mild cholesterol-lowering effect. Although more research is needed, it is possible that chromium may be useful in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels, at the same time it is raising HDL ("good") cholesterol levels.

    Active, athletic individuals - people who engage in vigorous aerobic activities and consume higher amounts of carbohydrates than the general population - have higher chromium requirements than non-athletes. Chromium levels start to decrease as we age, starting in our early 40s.

    Some smaller studies have confirmed that added chromium to the diet can reduce total body fat and increase the percentage of muscle.





    CHOMIUM USES & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE - SPECIFIC CONDITIONS CHROMIUM MAY HELP

    DIABETES - HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE

    Control diabetes and symptoms related to high blood sugar. In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas secretes plenty of insulin in an effort to regulate blood sugar levels, but the body's cells do not respond to it. Researchers have found that a molecule called glucose tolerance factor (GTF) is critical for increasing the sensitivity of these cells to insulin. And GTF contains chromium.

    If GTF does indeed increase insulin sensitivity, chromium supplements may have a role to play in normalizing blood sugar levels. Several double-blind clinical trials have borne this out. Some studies have even found that chromium supplements enable certain people with diabetes to decrease their dosage of diabetes medications. Taking the Chromium with Vitamin B-3 (Niacin) may enhance the chromium's effects.

    And although not yet confirmed in clinical trials, Chromium supplements may have a role to play in preventing excessive blood sugar drops in people without diabetes. Symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), including headaches, fatigue, and irritability, may be less likely to occur as a result.

    WEIGHT LOSS

    Promote weight loss in people who are obese. As a result of the FTC ruling, the manufacturer of Chromium Picolinate is only allowed to state that their product can help a moderately obese person improve body composition by increasing muscle mass and reducing fat. Aside from this ruling, research on the ability of chromium picolinate to promote weight loss by burning fat has, indeed, produced mixed results.

    In a 1998 study, 122 healthy adults recruited from health clubs in Texas were given either 400 mcg of chromium picolinate or a placebo daily. At the end of three months, the individuals who took the chromium supplement lost six pounds in the form of body fat - not valuable muscle - while those on the placebo lost only three pounds.

    Other studies, however, have failed to show that chromium supplements are any more effective than a placebo. Perhaps, in combination with a well-balanced diet and regular exercise program, chromium picolinate may give the dieter a slight advantage, but much more research is needed to determine whether the mineral actually aids weight loss. Claiming that chromium taken at bedtime will "burn fat while you sleep" are completely unsubstantiated.

    Note: Chromium has also been found to be useful for a number of other disorders. For information on these additional ailments, see the Dosage Recommendations Chart for Chromium.





    CHROMIUM DIETARY SOURCES

    FOOD SOURCES

    Chromium is found in the following food sources: Beef, Brown Rice, Cheese, Turkey, Fish, Cereals and whole grains. It may also be found in dried Beans, Blackstrap Molasses, Calf Liver, Chicken, Corn & Corn Oil, Dairy products, dried (desiccated) Liver, Dulse, Eggs, Mushrooms, and Potatoes. Other food sources of chromium include spices (Black Pepper, Thyme), as well as Brown Sugar, Coffee, Tea, Beer, Wine, and Meat products. Brewer's Yeast is also a good source of chromium.

    HERBAL SOURCES

    Herbs that contain chromium include Catnip, Horsetail, Licorice, Nettle, Oat Straw, Red Clover, Sarsaparilla, Wild Yam, and Yarrow.





    CHROMIUM DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENTAL FORMS

    Supplemental Chromium can be found in these forms:
    • Tablet.
    • Softgel.
    • Capsule.
    • Liquid.
    • Injection (Chromium Chloride)

  • Special tips: Do not worry about which form of Chromium to buy; the body appears to absorb all forms about the same.

  • The various forms of supplemental Chromium are usually sold in 200 mcg doses. Read the label carefully and you may well find that a number of products billed for weight reduction or cholesterol control include chromium.

  • For General Good Health: Most nutritionally oriented health care providers believe that 50 to 200 mcg a day is sufficient. This amount is easily obtained through a healthy, balanced diet and a daily high-potency multivitamin.

  • For Diabetes Blood Sugar Control: Take 200 mcg 3 times a day.

  • For Overweight, or Obesity: Take 200 mcg Chromium Picolinate 3 times a day. However, it is unlikely that chromium taken alone, without calorie restriction and an exercise program, will do much good for fat loss.

  • Note; Be sure to check out the Dosage Recommendations Chart for Chromium, which lists therapeutic dosages for specific ailments at a glance. Be sure to consult with your health care provider or midwife for specific requirements if you have certain health issues or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

    RECOMMENDED CHROMIUM INTAKE (RDA/RNI)

    Supplemental Chromium is absorbed best by the body when it is taken in a form called Chromium Picolinate, a naturally occurring amino acid metabolite which enables Chromium to enter the body's cells where the mineral can directly help insulin do its job. Chromium requirements vary from person to person so it is important to consult your health care provider to determine the amount you should take.

    There is no Recommended Daily Allowance for chromium. Estimates indicate that 50 to 200 mcg a day is safe and adequate for adults. Most high-quality, basic vitamin / mineral combinations contain enough chromium to prevent a deficiency.

    The daily amount of chromium needed is defined in several different ways.
      FOR UNITED STATES:
      Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are the amount of vitamins and minerals needed to provide for adequate nutrition in most healthy persons. RDAs for a given nutrient may vary depending on a person's age, sex, and physical condition (e.g., pregnancy).

      Daily Values (DVs) are used on food and dietary supplement labels to indicate the percent of the recommended daily amount of each nutrient that a serving provides. DV replaces the previous designation of United States Recommended Daily Allowances (USRDAs).

      FOR CANADA:
      Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNIs) are used to determine the amounts of vitamins, minerals, and protein needed to provide adequate nutrition and lessen the risk of chronic disease.

    Because a lack of chromium is rare, there is no RDA or RNI for it. The amount of chromium needed to meet normal daily recommended intakes will be different for different individuals. Normal daily recommended intakes for chromium are generally defined as follows:


    For oral dosage forms (capsules, tablets and liquid) to prevent deficiency the amount taken by mouth is based on normal daily recommended intakes.
    INFANTS & CHILDREN
    Birth to 3 Years
    10 to 80 micrograms (mcg) a day.
    4 to 6 Years
    30 to 120 mcg a day.
    7 to 10 years of age.
    50 to 200 mcg a day.
    ADOLESCENTS & ADULTS
    Age 11 years & older.
    50 to 200 mcg a day.

    To treat deficiency in adults, teenagers and children, dosage should be determined by a health care provider for each individual based on severity of deficiency


    Missed Dose: If you miss taking chromium supplements for one or more days there is no cause for concern, since it takes some time for your body to become seriously low in chromium. However, if your health care professional has recommended that you take chromium, try to remember to take it as directed every day.

    If You Get Too Little: While a deficiency of chromium may interfere with the body's ability to maintain normal blood sugar levels, it will not actually cause diabetes.

    If You Get Too Much: Although adverse reactions have not been widely documented, particularly when chromium is taken at dosages of 50 to 200 mcg daily, there may be some risk in taking 1,000 mcg or more a day over time. In one case, a woman who took 1,200 mcg or more daily for several months developed kidney failure.

    Side Effects: No side effects or overdoses have been reported for chromium. However, check with your health care provider if you notice any unusual effects while you are taking it.

    Storage: To store this dietary supplement:
    • Keep out of the reach of children.
    • Store away from heat and direct light.
    • Do not store in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink, or in other damp places. Heat or moisture may cause the dietary supplement to break down.
    • Keep the dietary supplement from freezing. Do not refrigerate.
    • Do not keep outdated dietary supplements or those no longer needed. Be sure that any discarded dietary supplement is out of the reach of children.

    CHROMIUM DOSAGE RECOMMENDATION CHART FOR AILMENTS

    AILMENTS
    DOSAGE

    Alcoholism

    200 mcg twice a day.

    Diabetes

    200 mcg 3 times a day.

    Weight Loss

    200 mcg chromium picolinate 3 times a day.


    GUIDELINES FOR USE

  • For optimal absorption, try to combine Chromium with a food rich in vitamin C or with a Vitamin C supplement.

  • Theoretically, Zinc absorption could be impaired by taking excessive amounts of the mineral. This problem can be avoided by ingesting extra zinc, either through diet or supplements.

  • To lessen the chance of stomach irritation, take Chromium in 200 mcg doses either with food or a glass of water.





  • CHROMIUM SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

    CONSIDERATIONS BEFORE USING THIS DIETARY SUPPLEMENT

    If you are taking this dietary supplement without a prescription, carefully read and follow any precautions on the label. For chromium, the following should be considered:

    Allergies - Tell your health care professional if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to chromium. Also tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.

    Pregnancy - It is especially important that you are receiving enough vitamins and minerals when you become pregnant and that you continue to receive the right amount of vitamins and minerals throughout your pregnancy. The healthy growth and development of the fetus depend on a steady supply of nutrients from the mother. However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement during pregnancy may be harmful to the mother and/or fetus and should be avoided. Consult with your midwife or health care provider before taking any herb or supplement during pregnancy.

    Breastfeeding - It is important that you receive the right amounts of vitamins and minerals so that your baby will also get the vitamins and minerals needed to grow properly. However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement while breast-feeding may be harmful to the mother and/or baby and should be avoided. Consult with your midwife or health care provider before taking any supplement while you are breastfeeding your baby.

    Children - Problems in children have not been reported with intake of normal daily recommended amounts.

    Older Adults - Problems in older adults have not been reported with intake of normal daily recommended amounts.

    Medicines or Other Dietary Supplements - Although certain medicines or dietary supplements should not be used together at all, in other cases they may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your health care professional may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your health care professional if you are using any other dietary supplement or any prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medication.

    Other Medical Problems - The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of chromium. Make sure you tell your health care professional if you have any other medical problems, especially if you have type 2 diabetes mellitus. Taking chromium supplements when you have a chromium deficiency may cause a change in the amount of insulin you need.


    IS CHROMIUM PICOLINATE SAFE?


    An Australian study published in Angewandte Chemie International Edition in 2004 warned that trivalent chromium compounds like those used as supplements (chromium picolinate) can be converted into a carcinogenic form by means of oxidation in the body. This flies in the face of a wealth of data in more than 60 other published studies that found such chromium compounds to be safe and non-toxic. At this point, there appears to be no cause for alarm.


    SAFETY & CAUTIONS

  • The safety of long-term and high-dose supplementation with chromium remains to be determined. A deficiency in this mineral can lead to anxiety, fatigue, inadequate metabolism of amino acids, glucose intolerance, and an increased risk of artherosclerosis. Chromium taken in excessive amounts can lead to toxicity which has been associated with dermatitis, gastrointestinal ulcers, and kidney and liver impairment.

  • If you have insulin-dependent diabetes, do not take supplemental chromium (especially chromium picolinate) without first consulting with a qualified health care provider. This supplement can affect insulin requirements by making insulin function more effectively and, in effect, reduce insulin requirements. People with diabetes therefore have to monitor their blood sugar levels very carefully when using chromium. Chromium requirements differ from person to person. Consult with your health care provider to determine the correct amount of this mineral for you.

  • Some people experience lightheadedness or a slight skin rash when taking chromium. If you feel lightheaded, stop taking the supplement and consult your health care provider. If you develop a rash, either try switching brands or discontinue use.

  • In a laboratory study, chromium picolinate caused chromosomal damage in hamster cells, a precursor of cancer. This may have been due to the picolinate and not the chromium, and it remains to be determined whether this type of damage occurs in humans. Still, caution with chromium picolinate is warranted. Other forms of chromium did not cause the same damage.

  • If you suffer from any type of behavioral disorder, consult your health care provider before taking chromium picolinate because compounds similar to picolinic acid have been shown to cause changes in certain brain chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin.

  • Do not take supplemental chromium if you are pregnant or breast-feeding without first consulting with your midwife or health care provider. Safety in young children, nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.

  • GENERAL INTERACTIONS

  • If you have diabetes, check with your health care provider before using chromium supplement because it may alter insulin requirements or the dosage needed for various diabetes medications.

  • Do not take calcium carbonate supplements or antacids at the same time as chromium; they will impair absorption of this trace mineral.

  • There is a risk that the absorption of zinc will be impaired by taking excessive amounts of chromium (more than commonly recommended). This problem can be resolved by taking extra zinc, either through your diet or supplements.

  • CHROMIUM - DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Acarbose: Taking chromium with acarbose may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Acetohexamide: Taking chromium with acetohexamide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider.
  • Chlorpropamide: Taking chromium with chlorpropamide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Glimepiride: Taking chromium with glimepiride may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Glipizide: Taking chromium with glipizide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Insulin (Intermediate-acting, NPH, Lente): Taking chromium with insulin may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Insulin (Long-acting, Ultralente): Taking chromium with insulin may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Insulin (Regular, Rapid-acting, or Semilente): Taking chromium with insulin may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Insulin Glargine (rDNA origin): Taking chromium with insulin may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Metformin: Taking chromium with metformin may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Miglitol: Taking chromium with miglitol may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Pioglitozone Hydrochloride: Taking chromium with pioglitozone may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Repaglinide: Taking chromium with repaglinide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Tolazamide: Taking chromium with tolazamide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Tolbutamide: Taking chromium with tolbutamide may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.
  • Troglitazone: Taking chromium with troglitazone may require a change in the drug's dosage. Consult your health care provider before taking together.






  • CHROMIUM SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

  • Chromium Chelate, Picolinate & Polynicotinate Supplement Products
  • Chromium GTF Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS


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    CHROMIUM / CHROMIUM PICOLINATE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Chromium is a trace mineral essential for the proper metabolism of cholesterol and glucose (blood sugar), as well as insulin production and regulation. Chromium deficiencies have been shown to aggravate and/or contribute to, diabetes, hyper/hypo glycemias, high cholesterol, heart disease, slow metabolism and weight fluctuation. Low intake of chromium is associated with high blood sugar levels, glucose intolerance, and adult onset diabetes, which in many cases is corrected or improved with increased chromium intake. Chromium decreases insulin resistance and reduces the body's level of triglycerides. It also helps to control obesity and can stimulate weight loss. Proper insulin regulation promotes the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that controls the appetite and curbs sugar cravings. Analysis has shown that unrefined sugars and grains are rich in chromium and other essential life supporting minerals. When chromium is removed, (during the refining process into white sugar and flour) the human body does not have the element it needs to effectively deal with these two powerful energy sources. The refining of raw sugars and grains gives them a longer shelf life. It also creates foods which strip the body of chromium and other essential minerals necessary for the proper metabolism of these energy foods. Consequently the body must draw on other stores to process the sugar and flour when consumed. This subsequently leads to mineral deficiencies and an inability to deal with the body's other demands for chromium and other minerals. Chromium Picolinate improves insulin efficiency, which maintains the health of the glands that control aging. Dosage recommendations may range from 200 mcg to 1000 mcg daily, as directed by a health care practitioner.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Chromium, Eidon Ionic Minerals, 2 fl. oz. (112925)
    HerbsPro: Ionic Chromium, Trace Minerals, 2 fl. oz.
    HerbsPro: Advanced Colloidal Chromium Vanadium, Futurebiotics, 4 fl. oz. (36075)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Ionic Solution, Eidon Ionic Minerals, 19 fl. oz. (81069)
    HerbsPro: Chitosan With Chromium, Supports Healthy Cholesterol Levels, Now Foods, 500 mg/100 mcg, 120 Caps (67935)
    HerbsPro: Chitosan With Chromium, Supports Healthy Cholesterol Levels, Now Foods, 500 mg/100 mcg, 240 Caps (67934)
    HerbsPro: Chromium & Vanadium, Natural Factors, 125 mcg (100 mcg / 25 mcg), 90 Caps (84280)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Polynicotinate, Yeast Free, Solgar, 200 mcg, 50 VCaps (100300)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Way, 200 mcg, 60 Caps (17798)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 200 mcg, 60 Tabs (6248)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Thompson Nutritional Products, 200 mcg, 60 Tabs (35561)
    HerbsPro: Cinnamon Plus Chromium, High Potency, Natures Bounty, 2000 mg / 200 mcg, 60 Caps (97490)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Complex With ChromeMate, Nutricology Allergy Research Group, 90 Caps (46011)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Solgar, 200 mcg, 90 VCaps (36321)
    HerbsPro: Albion Chelated Chromium, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 90 VCaps (100634)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Country Life, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (37089)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Chromemate, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (37087)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 100 VCaps (100672)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate Chromax, Olympian Labs, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (74289)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate ChromeMate, Olympian Labs, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (74290)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Bounty, 200 mcg, 100 Tabs (100135)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Life, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (90355)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Now Foods, 200 mg, 100 Caps (67953)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Way, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (17799)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Now Foods, 200 mg, 100 Caps (Twin Bottles) (67954)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Polynicotinate, Yeast Free, Solgar, 200 mcg, 100 VCaps (36324)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Supplement Training Systems, 200 mcg, 120 Tabs (94123)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Solgar, 200 mcg, 120 Tabs (6246)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Solgar, 200 mcg, 180 VCaps (36319)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 200 VCaps (100674)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Country Life, 200 mcg, 200 Caps (37090)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, TwinLab, 200 mcg, 200 Caps (19507)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 200 mg, 240 Tabs (6247)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Life, 200 mcg, 250 Caps (90356)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Now Foods, 200 mg, 250 Caps (67952)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Chelate, Amino Acid Chelate, Source Naturals, 200 mcg, 250 Tabs (6244)
    HerbsPro: Biotin & Chromium, Natures Life, 8000 mcg / 250 mcg, 60 VCaps (89766)
    HerbsPro: Mega Chromium Picolinate, Source Naturals, 300 mcg, 60 Tabs (7093)
    HerbsPro: Mega Chromium Picolinate, Source Naturals, 300 mcg, 120 Tabs (7094)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate Mega, Anabol Naturals, 400 mcg, 90 Caps (13739)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Solgar, 500 mcg, 60 VCaps (36323)
    HerbsPro: Optimized Chromium With Crominex 3+, Life Extension, 500 mcg, 60 VCaps (92025)
    HerbsPro: Ultra Chromium Picolinate, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (6702)
    HerbsPro: Tri-Chromium With Cinnamon, Now Foods, 500 mcg, 90 VCaps (68826)
    HerbsPro: Mega Chromium Picolinate, 12 Hour Timed-Release, NaturalMax, 500 mcg, 100 Caps (89505)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Natures Life, 500 mcg, 100 Caps (90354)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 500 mcg, 100 VCaps (100675)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Ultra, Life Extension, 500 mcg, 100 VCaps (106777)
    HerbsPro: Mega Chromium Picolinate, TwinLab, 500 mcg, 100 Caps (19748)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Picolinate, Solgar, 500 mcg, 120 VCaps (36322)
    HerbsPro: Ultra Chromium Picolinate, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Tabs (6703)
    HerbsPro: Tri-Chromium With Cinnamon, Now Foods, 500 mcg, 180 VCaps (68825)
    HerbsPro: Alphabetic Cinnamon Plus Chromium (Polynicotinate) & Biotin, Enzymatic Therapy, 600 mcg, 60 Caps (89475)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Chromium Picolinate, TwinLab, 200 mcg, 60 Tabs: K
    Kalyx: Chromium Picolinate, TwinLab, 200 mcg, 200 Caps: K


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Chromium Supplement Products
    Amazon: Chromiium Picolinate Supplement Products
    Amazon: Chromium Ionic Supplement Products
    Amazon: Tri-Chromium Supplement Products

  • Chromium Supplement Information



  • GTF CHROMIUM SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    GTF Chromium polynicotinate is the patented ChromeMate polynicotinate form. Chromium polynicotinate meets all the requirements for GTF. It contains no artificial ingredients or preservatives.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium Complex, New Chapter, 200 mcg, 60 Tabs (82292)
    HerbsPro: Chromemate Chromium GTF, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 200 mg, 60 Tabs (6243)
    HerbsPro: Ultra Chromium GTF, Chromium Picolinate/Chromemate Complex, Source Naturals, 200 mcg, 60 Tabs (6700)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, Jarrow Formulas, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (1158)
    HerbsPro: Chromium Bio-Formed GTF, TwinLab, 200 mcg, 100 Tabs (19451)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, Natures Way, 200 mcg, 100 Caps (17927)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, Now Foods, 200 mcg, 100 Tabs (68306)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 100 VCaps (100671)
    HerbsPro: Chromemate Chromium GTF, Yeast Free, Source Naturals, 200 mg, 120 Tabs (6241)
    HerbsPro: Ultra Chromium GTF, Chromium Picolinate/Chromemate Complex, Source Naturals, 200 mcg, 120 Tabs (6701)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 200 mcg, 200 VCaps (100673)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium, Now Foods, 200 mcg, 250 Tabs (68307)
    HerbsPro: GTF Chromium Chelate, Natural Factors, 500 mcg, 90 Tabs (84279)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: GTF Chromium Supplement Products

  • Chromium Supplement Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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