VITAMIN A: Enhances immunity, prevents eye problems and skin disorders. Important in bone and teeth formation. Protects against colds and infection. Slows aging process.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, borage leaves, burdock root, cayenne, chickweed, eyebright, fennel seed, hops, horsetail, kelp, lemongrass, mullein, nettle, oat straw, paprika, parsley, peppermint, plantain, raspberry leaves, red clover, rose hips, sage, uva ursi, violet leaves, watercress, yellow dock.
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|Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine / Thiamin)
VITAMIN B-1 (Thiamine): Promotes growth, improves mental attitude, aids digestion, helps strengthen nervous system and prevent stress. It is evident from the neurological disorders caused by thiamine deficiency that this vitamin plays a vital role in nerve function. It is unclear, however, just what that role is. Thiamine is found in both the nerves and brain.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, bladder wrack, burdock root, catnip, cayenne, chamomile, chickweed, eyebright, fennel seed, fenugreek, hops, nettle, oat straw, parsley, peppermint, raspberry leaves, red clover, rose hips, sage, yarrow, and yellow dock.
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|Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)
VITAMIN B-2 (Riboflavin): Aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to produce vital energy for the body. Needed for red blood cell formation, aids growth and reproduction, promotes hair, skin and nail growth. Helps support healthy vision and skin. Important in the prevention and treatment of cataracts. Riboflavin helps support our DNA: Recent research shows that riboflavin can support our genetic code, keeping the very material that makes up our bodies and minds healthy and functioning properly.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, bladder wrack, burdock root, catnip, cayenne, chamomile, chickweed, eyebright, fennel seed, fenugreek, ginseng, hops, horsetail, mullein, nettle, oat straw, parsley, peppermint, raspberry leaves, red clover, rose hips, sage, yellow dock.
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|Vitamin B-3 (Niacin)
|Niacin: 100 mg|
Niacinamide: 100 mg
VITAMIN B-3 (Niacin & Niacinamide): Essential for proper circulation and healthy skin. Increases energy, aids digestion, helps prevent migraines. Improves cerebral circulation.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, burdock root, catnip, cayenne, chamomile, chickweed, eyebright, fennel seed, hops, licorice, mullein, nettle, oat straw, parsley, peppermint, raspberry leaf, red clover, rose hips, slippery elm, yellow dock.
Caution: Do not take niacin supplements if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure. Niacin is also known as nicotinic acid. Niacin is an essential nutrient, positioned at the core of NAD/NADH and NADP/NADPH, which are major redox-active "electron storage" compounds. One or both of these "redox pairs" is involved in every major biochemical pathway. They participate in the trafficking of electrons as "reducing equivalents", the electron packets that facilitate metabolism. Niacin is involved in the production of energy, detoxification and the normal regulation of blood sugar and cholesterol. As a dietary supplement, 1 capsule two or three times daily with meals, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner. Niacin can cause skin flushing and tingling (the "niacin flush"). Do not take large amounts of niacin (greater than 1.5 grams [1500 mg] per day) without first consulting a healthcare practitioner.
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|Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)
VITAMIN B-5 (Panothenic Acid): Enhances stamina, prevents anemia, helps wounds heal, fights infection, strengthens immune system. Pantothenic Acid is a factor in the B Complex vitamin group. Pantothenic Acid functions as a part of a key coenzyme that is necessary for the release of energy in cells and helps support a healthy nervous system.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, burdock root, nettle, yellow dock.
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|Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)
VITAMIN B-6 (Pyridoxine): Needed to produce hydrochloric acid. Aids in absorption of fats, and protein. Mildly diuretic, helps prevent kidney stones. Helpful in treating allergies, arthritis, and asthma. Needed for normal brain function and to correct deficiencies. May help lift depression and is essential for healthy nervous system. B Vitamins must be replenished daily.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, catnip, oat straw.
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VITAMIN B-12 (Cyanocobalamin): Helps prevent anemia. Protects nervous system, improves concentration, aids digestion. Also known as Cobalamin, Cyanacobalamin, Hydroxycobalamin, Denosylcobalamin, Methylcobalamin.
HERBAL SOURCES: Alfalfa, bladderwrack, hops.
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||Potencies vary in complex formulas.|
Amounts of individual B-Vitamins will vary in a complex formula, depending upon the manufacturer. Obviously, some will be more complete and/or have higher dosages than others. Try to compare products to find the one that works best for your specific health and nutritional requirements. Try to obtain supplements obtained from natural food sources and not simply a list of chemicals. If needed, supplement your complex with additional individual vitamin supplements to achieve your dietary requirements. In cases of severe vitamin deficiency, B-vitamins may be administered individually or in a blended formula by injection under the supervision of your health care provider. It is recommended to have blood tests done periodically to check your vitamin and mineral levels and whether or not you simply need to adjust your diet or use a maintenance formula or if you need to use a therapeutic formula. B-vitamins need to be included in your diet daily through food you eat or supplements you take. If your diet is lacking or you have problems with nutrient absorption, higher therapeutic levels may be required.
Information: Nutrition Basics: Vitamin B Complex Information
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BIOTIN: Biotin is found in Brewer's yeast, cooked egg yolks, meat, milk, poultry, saltwater fish, soybeans, and whole grains. Biotin is one of the families of B-vitamins, Biotin plays and important part in energy metabolism and the production of various enzymes. Biotin, also known as vitamin H; aids in the utilization of other B-complex vitamins. Named after the Greek root word “bios” which signifies life. Biotin also called coenzyme R, was first isolated and described in 1936. The bacteria that live in the lower part of our intestines, called the colon, produce biotin. It also helps in cell growth, fatty acid production, and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Biotin helps keep sweat glands, nerve tissue, and bone marrow healthy. An adequate amount of Biotin is needed for healthy hair and skin. Taking this vitamin supplement can prevent hair loss in men. Nail and hair health depend on a healthy intake of Biotin. A Swiss study revealed that adequate Biotin intake can increase nail thickness by 25 percent after just 6 months of supplementation in those that were previously deficient. Biotin also helps relieve muscle pain, alleviate depression, and reduces the effects of dermatitis. Besides assisting all B-vitamins in the breakdown of the foods we eat into a useable energy source for our bodies, Biotin is also important for other aspects of a healthy body. New research is slowly revealing a link between high doses of Biotin and improved insulin response in diabetics, helping blood sugar levels to become normal. Biotin also plays an important role in pregnancy; it helps in the development of the fetus. Biotin breaks down more rapidly during pregnancy than at any other time, meaning that it is used up quickly and may be required in higher than normal quantities to sustain pregnancy health.
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Choline is a common source of lecithin that is helpful for Parkinsons disease, high cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, baldness, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, eczema, alcoholism, muscular dystrophy, hypertension and disease of the nervous system.
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Folate / Folic Acid (Vitamin B-9) is a member of the B-Complex family. It is found in abundance in leafy green vegetables. Folic acid participates in a coenzyme reaction that synthesizes DNA needed for cell growth and new cell formation, and helps convert vitamin B-12 to one of its coenzyme forms. Helps promote healthy DNA function, Maintains already normal homocysteine levels, which is important for heart health, Promotes healthier skin, Helps maintain a healthy GI tract, Is part of a healthy immune system, Maintains healthy endothelial function, Improves mild memory loss associated with aging, Optimal levels of folate are necessary for healthy cell division and protein synthesis and are especially important for the maintenance of a healthy GI tract. The systemic need for folate increases in certain states in which increased cell multiplication is needed. Chronic use of medications such as aspirin in therapeutic doses and antacids can interfere with the metabolism of folate. Cyanocobalamin is a synthetic and inexpensive form of vitamin B12 that is converted in the body to its bioactive forms, methylcobalamin and cobamamide. Like beta-carotene, some evidence suggests that folate (also known as vitamin B-9) deficiencies may contribute to the development of cancerous or precancerous lesions in the cervix. Researchers also theorize that folate consumed in the diet may improve the cellular changes seen in cervical dysplasia by lowering homocysteine (a substance believed to contribute to the severity of cervical dysplasia) levels. The benefit of using dietary folate to prevent or treat cervical dysplasia has not been sufficiently proven.
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|Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA)
PABA (para aminobenzoic acid) is a water soluble, non-essential member of the B-Vitamin family, although it is not itself a vitamin. It is a nutrient considered to be a Vitamin B factor and it is involved in many important prcesses in the body. It is an intrinsic component of the folic acid molecule, and plays a role as a precursor for folic acid production. Folic acid is important in the development of new cells and cell division and the healthy development and structure of red blood cells.
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|Vitamin C (With Mineral Ascorbates)
Information: Nutrition Basics: Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Information
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Bioflavonoids are not true vitamins in the strictest sense, sometimes being referred to as vitamin P, and may be found in herbal plants, fruits, nuts and bark; and because they cannot be manufactured by the body, they must be supplied through the diet. The letter ''P'' represents permeability factor, and it was given to this group of nutrients because they improve capillary strength and permeability. Citrus Bioflavonoids are a class of flavonoids that includes Rutin, Hesperidin, Quercitin, Eriodictyl and Citron, and they are essential for the absorption of vitamin C, which should be taken simultaneously, so they may act synergistically for maximum benefit. Citrus fruits are well known for providing ample amounts of vitamin C, but they also provide Citrus Bioflavonoids, which are located in the white material just beneath the peel of citrus fruits and may be found in grapefruits, lemons, tangerines, limes and oranges. Other sources of bioflavonoids include apricots, nuts, peppers, buckwheat, blackberries, black currants cherries, grapes, plums, prunes and rose hips. In addition, several herbs also provide bioflavonoids, including Chervil, Elderberry, Hawthorne Berry, Horsetail and Shepherd's Purse.
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Hesperidin is a naturally occurring flavonoid which can be found in citrus rinds. Citrus bioflavonoids possess antioxidant properties have been shown to positively impact normal capillary integrity.
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Rutin is a bioflavonoid, and it provides essential support molecules for vitamin C absorption (and should, in fact, be taken at the same time to gain maximum benefit). Rutin supplementation prevents the breakdown of vitamin C in the body before it is metabolized and intensifies its beneficial immune-enhancing effects in the body. With regard to eye health, the bioflavonoid, Rutin, is said to improve capillary integrity and believed to help lower ocular pressure when used in conjunction with conventional drugs. (Bilberry extract is particularly rich in Rutin and can be beneficial in cases of diabetic retinopathy.) Rutin may be very helpful in combating cataracts, macular degeneration (the most common cause of blindness) and free radical damage to the retina. The antioxidant activity that fights free radical damage appears to play a role in the prevention of cataracts and other forms of visual impairment. Because Rutin improves capillary integrity (it works synergistically with vitamin C in this regard) by protecting and preserving the structure (permeability) and strength of those capillaries, this action is said to be of great help for capillary fragility (easy bruising and bleeding) and venous insufficiency (varicose veins and spider veins). Because Rutin strengthens capillaries, it may be helpful in reducing the symptoms of hemophilia. The bioflavonoid, Rutin, is thought to lessen symptoms associated with prolonged bleeding and help in cases of bleeding gums and hemorrhage.
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Vitamin D is necessary for proper immune function, aids in Calcium uptake and is necessary for healthy bones and teeth and is also needed for adequate blood levels of insulin. People in northern latitudes or those who do not drink adequate milk, at risk of osteoporosis, have dark skin, live in a cloudy environment, or get out in the sun very much will require more vitamin D-3 supplementation than people who live closer to the equator or sunbathe frequently. Vitamin D is made in our bodies when sunlight converts a chemical in the skin into a usable form of the vitamin. Due to the perils of too much sunlight, concerns have been raised about a decrease in Vitamin D levels particularly in at-risk groups. A deficiency of vitamin D may not only have an impact on bone health, but also immune function, mood and birth weight. Alongside calcium, vitamin D is considered one of the big 3required nutrients together with folic acid and omega 3-fatty acids. Vitamin D deficiency is more common in strict vegetarians (who avoid vitamin D-fortified dairy foods), dark-skinned people, alcoholics, and people suffering intestinal malabsorption disorders such as celiac disease, reduced liver or kidney function.
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(Also available from natural sources such as alfalfa, green leafy vegetables.)
Humans get most of their vitamin K from green vegetables in the form of vitamin K-1. The problem is that K-1 is tightly bound to plant fiber and only a small fraction absorbs into the bloodstream. Vitamin K-2 (menaquinones) is found in meat, eggs, and dairy products and is also made by bacteria in the human gut, which provides a certain amount of the human vitamin K requirement. Human studies show that vitamin K-2 is up to ten times more bioavailable than K-1. Vitamin K-2 remains biologically active in the body far longer than K-1. For instance, K-1 is rapidly cleared by the liver within eight hours, whereas measurable levels of K-2 (MK-7) have been detected 72 hours after ingestion.Vitamin K-1 is the form found in plants and vegetables and should be part of most peoples daily supplement regimen. Even more important is inclusion of the MK-4 and MK-7 forms of vitamin K-2. Based on data substantiating the long-acting effects of MK-7, it is now possible to ingest fewer total micrograms of vitamin K but achieve far higher sustained blood levels of this critical nutrient.
Information: Nutrition Basics: Vitamin K Information
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|Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)
(Primrose, Flaxseed, Salmon, & Fish Oils are good sources.)
|As directed on label.|
Information: Nutrition Basics: Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) Information
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