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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

The MicroNutrients

Dietary Supplements

For Informational Use Only
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.

  • Micronutrients
  • Synergy & Deficiency
  • Nutrients & Dosages For Maintaining Good Health


    Like water, carbohydrates, protein, and fats, vitamins and minerals are essential to life. They are therefore considered nutrients, and are often referred to as micronutrients simply because they are needed in relatively small amounts compared with the four basic nutrients.

    Because vitamins and minerals are so necessary for health, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has formulated recommended consumption levels for vitamins called recommended consumption levels for vitamins called recommended daily allowance (RDAs). But as we will see Vitamins, these allowances do not account for the amount needed to maintain maximum health rather than borderline health, only the amount needed to prevent deficiency diseases. Therefore, the average adult who is not suffering from any specific disorder should obtain more than the RDAs of vitamins and minerals from food sources and/or from supplements. The table below - which includes not just vitamin and mineral supplements, but other supplements as well - should be used as a guideline. Although the amounts listed are safe (they will not cause toxicity), they should be varied according to size and weight. People who are active and exercise; those who are under great stress, on restricted diets, or mentally or physically ill; women who take oral contraceptives; those on medications; those who are recovering from surgery; and smokers and those who consume alcoholic beverages; and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding all need higher than normal amounts of nutrients.

    In addition to a proper diet, exercise and a positive attitude are two important elements that are needed to prevent sickness and disease. If your lifestyle includes each of these, you will feel good and have more energy - something we all deserve.



    Data compiled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture indicate that at least 40-percent of the people in this country routinely consume a diet containing only 60-percent of the RDA of each of ten selected nutrients. This means that close to half of the population (and very likely more) suffer from a deficiency of at least one important nutrient. A poll of 37,000 Americans conducted by Food Technology found that:
    Additional research has shown that a vitamin deficiency may not affect the whole body, but only specific cells. For example, those who smoke may suffer from a vitamin C deficiency, but only in the lung area.

    Whenever you seek to correct a vitamin or mineral deficiency, you must recognize that nutrients work synergistically. This means that there is a cooperative action between certain vitamins and minerals, which work as catalysts, promoting the absorption and assimilation of other vitamins and minerals. Correcting a deficiency in one vitamin or mineral requires the addition of others, not simply replacement of one in which you are deficient. This is why taking a single vitamin or mineral may be ineffective, or even dangerous, and why a balanced vitamin and mineral preparation should always be taken in addition to any single supplements. The following table indicates which vitamins and minerals are necessary to correct certain deficiencies.


      Vitamin A

      Choline, Essential Fatty Acids, Zinc, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E

      Vitamin B Complex

      Calcium, Vitamin C, Vitamin E

      Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine)

      Manganese, Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E

      Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)

      Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C

      Vitamin B-3 (Niacin)

      Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin C

      Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)

      Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E

      Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)

      Potassium, Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin C


      Folic Acid, Vitamin B Complex, Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B-5, Vitamin B-12, Vitamin C


      Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin B-12, Folic Acid, Inositol


      Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin C

      Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA)

      Vitamin B Complex, Folic Acid, Vitamin C

      Vitamin C

      Bioflavonoids, Calcium, Magnesium

      Vitamin D

      Calcium, Choline, Essential Fatty Acids, Phosphorus, Vitamin A, Vitamin C

      Vitamin E

      Essential Fatty Acids, Manganese, Selenium, Vitamin A, Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine), Inositol, Vitamin C

      Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs)

      Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E


      Boron, Essential Fatty Acids, Lysine, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin F


      Cobalt, Folic Acid, Iron, Zinc


      Iron, Manganese, Phosphorus


      Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine), Vitamin C, Vitamin D


      Calcium, Iron, Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin E


      Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Sodium, Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)


      Iron, Phosphorus


      Calcium, Potassium, Sulfur, Vitamin D


      Potassium, vitamin B-1 (Thiamine), Pantothenic Acid (vitamin B-5), Biotin


      Calcium, Copper, Phosphorus, Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)


    The nutrients listed below are recommended for good health. Daily dosages are suggested; however, before using any supplements, you should consult with your health care provider or midwife, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding a baby. The dosages given here are for non-pregnant adults and children weighing 100 pounds and over. Appropriate dosages for children vary according to age and weight. A child weighing between 70 and 100 pounds should be given 3/4 the adult dose; a child weighing under 70 pounds (and over the age of 6 years) should be given nutritional formulas designed specifically for young children. For children under the age of 6 years, consult with your pediatrician for more specific guidelines. You should follow the dosage directions on the product label.


  • Carnitine (Acetyl L-Carnitine)
  • Cysteine (Acetyl L-Cysteine; NAC)
  • Lysine

  • Methionine
  • Tyrosine
  • RNA-DNA (Amino Acid Complex)


  • Boron
  • Calcium
  • Chromium
  • Copper
  • Germanium
  • Iodine
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese

  • Molybdenum
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Selenium
  • Silicon
  • Sodium
  • Sulfur
  • Vanadium
  • Zinc


  • Acidophilus
  • Alfalfa
  • Aloe Vera
  • Barley Grass
  • Bee Products
  • Bifidus
  • BioStrath
  • Bovine Cartilage
  • Chlorophyll
  • Citrin
  • Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ10)
  • Corn Germ
  • Desiccated Liver
  • DMG
  • DMSO
  • Energy Increase Supplements
  • Fiber
  • Floradix
  • Garlic (Kyolic Garlic)

  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Ginseng
  • Glucosamine
  • Kelp & Seaweed
  • Kombucha
  • Lecithin
  • Melatonin
  • MSM
  • Mushrooms (Shiitake, Reishi, Maitake & Others)
  • Octacosanol
  • Pectin (Apple; Citrus)
  • Sea Cucumber (Cuke)
  • Sea Mussel
  • Shark Cartilage
  • Spirulina
  • Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)
  • Wheat Germ
  • Wheat Grass
  • Yeast (Brewers; Nutritional)


  • Vitamin A
  • Beta Carotene
  • Vitamin B-1 (Thiamin)
  • Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin
  • Vitamin B-3 (Niacin & Niacinamide)
  • Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)
  • Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)
  • Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamin)
  • Vitamin B-Complex
  • Biotin
  • Choline

  • Folic Acid (Folate; Vitamin B-9)
  • Inositol
  • Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA)
  • Vitamin C
  • Bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
  • Rutin
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Essential Fatty Acids

    1,500 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Calcium Information
  • Products: Calcium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Chromium (GTF)
    150 mcg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Chromium Information
  • Products: Chromium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Copper
    3 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Copper Information
  • Products: Copper Mineral Supplement Products
  • Iodine
    (Kelp is a good herbal source.)
    225 mcg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Iodine Information
  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Kelp Herbal Information
  • Products: Iodine Mineral Supplement Products
  • Products: Kelp Herbal Supplement Products
  • Iron
    18 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Iron Information
  • Products: Iron Mineral Supplement Products
  • Magnesium
    750 to 1,000 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Magnesium Information
  • Products: Magnesium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Manganese
    10 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Manganese Information
  • Products: Manganese Mineral Supplement Products
  • Molybdenum
    30 mcg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Molybdenum Information
  • Products: Molybdenum Mineral Supplement Products
  • Potassium
    99 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Potassium Information
  • Products: Potassium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Selenium
    200 mcg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Selenium Information
  • Products: Selenium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Silicon (Silica)
    (Horsetail is a good herbal source.)
    As directed on label.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Silicon Information
  • Products: Silicon (Silica) Mineral Supplement Products
  • Zinc
    50 mg

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Zinc Information
  • Products: Zinc Mineral Supplement Products
    As directed on label.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Boron Information
  • Products: Boron Mineral Supplement Products
  • Germanium
    As directed on label.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Germanium Information
  • Products: Germanium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Phosphorus
    As directed on label.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Phosphorus Information
  • Products: Phosphorus Mineral Supplement Products
  • Sodium
    As directed on label.

    Pure unrefined Sea Salt contains essential amounts of sodium chloride, and sodium chloride is one of the 12 daily essential minerals. Our bodies cannot live without salt (sodium chloride). Salt in the body makes hydrochloric acid, which is one of the essential digestive fluids. There is not enough natural salt in our foods, so we must supplement our diet, but the salt we eat on our foods is not sufficient, since during the refining process, the sodium chloride evaporates and sodium hydroxate is left. Sodium hydroxate irritates the system and does not satisfy the body's hunger and need for sodium chloride. Natural salt (sodium chloride) dissolves in water and can therefore dissolve in your body. Refined salt does not dissolve in water or your body. When foreign substances, such as refined salt collect in your organs and tissues, it will eventually cause malfunctioning of essential body processes: heart disease, arthritis, hardening of the body tissues and arteries, calcium deposits in the joints, etc. Natural organic salt (saline) will not cause calcification in your body.

    Pure solar dried all natural Sea Salt may be used to enhance food flavor, while achieving various therapeutic health benefits. Solar dried Sea Salt baths are used to help release lactic acid which builds up during physical activity causing muscle ache. Natural Sea Salt may also be used in an evaporator to relieve sinus problems. Pure un-refined sea salt that is dried from the ocean by the sun offers the best health benefits. Sea Salt is generally regarded as organic, and that can be true; however, many Sea Salts have been refined so it is important to read labels before purchasing to ensure you are buying organic salt. There are no known safety issues or interactions associated with Sea Salt when taken in the recommended doses.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Sodium Information
  • Products: Sodium Mineral Supplement Products
  • Sulfur (Sulphur / MSM)
    As directed on label.

    Sulfur / MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) is essential for healthy joints, smooth skin, glossy hair, hard nails and collagen synthesis. It is critical to protein metabolism. Sulfur is found in every cell of the human body. Sulfur is a crucial component of our tissues, hormones, vitamins, enzymes, antibodies and antioxidants. We simply cannot maintain good health without it. Large amounts of sulfur are found in joints, skin, hair, and nails. There is a minimum concentration of sulfur that must be maintained for healthy bodily function and structure. The body uses sulfur to continually create healthy new cells to replace old ones. Sulfur makes cells permeable, ensuring that nutrients are delivered into the cell and that toxins and waste products are removed. Sulfur is a natural detoxifier for lead. By allowing fluids and nutrients to flow freely through the cell wall, sulfur reduces pain and inflammation and promotes healing. Every time the body removes invading toxins from the cell, it also removes the sulfur compound that neutralizes the toxins. This is why sulfur supplementation is so vital to daily nutrition. Sulfur's anti-inflammatory properties and ability to repair scar tissue around damaged areas explains its power to alleviate rheumatoid arthritis. Persons afflicted with osteoarthritis, which involves the deterioration of the cartilage at the ends of the bones, are often found to be deficient in sulfur. Sulfur alleviates the pain associated with osteoarthritis by acting as an anti-inflammatory. Sulfur is also known for its ability to help with digestive disorders, such as heartburn, indigestion, and gastritis. Sulfur is also important for proper metabolism of carbohydrates and adequate uptake of sugar molecules necessary for energy. Sulfur can restore normal blood sugar levels as cells become permeable and helps restore pancreas functions to normal as the cells absorb blood sugar. The body is in a constant state of repair so if we do not get enough of the required nutrients the end product is going to be less than perfect. This is reflected in the aging process. Sulfur functions to inhibit this aging process within cells.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Sulfur Information
  • Information: Nutrition Basics: MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) Information
  • Products: Sulfur (Sulphur) Mineral Supplement Products
  • Products: MSM (Methylsulonylmethane) Supplement Products
  • Vanadium
    As directed on label.

  • Information: Nutrition Basics: Vanadium Information
  • Products: Vanadium Mineral Supplement Products

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Micronutrients Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Micronutrients - Amino Acids
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Micronutrients - Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Micronutrients - Optional Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Micronutrients - Vitamins

  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    Health & Wellness Index


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index

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