MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Blue Green Algae
Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae, Arthrospira Platensis, Spirulina Platensis
For Informational Use Only
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
A BLUE GREEN MICROALGAE
Spirulina is a blue-green algae (a biomass of cyanobacteria) microalgae that can be consumed by humans and other animals. Arthrospira species are free-floating filamentous cyanobacteria characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in an open left-hand helix.
There are two species, Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. Species of the genus Arthrospira have been isolated from alkaline brackish and saline waters in tropical and subtropical regions. Among the various species included in the genus Arthrospira, A. platensis is the most widely distributed and is mainly found in Africa but also in Asia and South America. Arthrospira maxima is believed to be found in California and Mexico and confined to Central America. They occur naturally in tropical and subtropical lakes with high pH and high concentrations of carbonate and bicarbonate. Most cultivated spirulina is produced in open channel raceway ponds, with paddle-wheels used to agitate the water. The largest commercial producers of spirulina are located in the United States, Thailand, India, Taiwan, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Burma (Myanmar), Greece, and Chile.
Spirulina thrives at a pH around 8.5 and above, which will get more alkaline, and a temperature around 30°C (86°F). They are able to make their own food, and do not need a living energy or organic carbon source. In addition, Spirulina has to have an ensemble of nutrients to thrive in a home aquarium or pond. A simple nutrient feed for growing it is:
These components can all be found in aquarium or in the agricultural division, all commonly occurring compounds except for the iron sulphate.
- Baking Soda: 16 grams / liter (61 grams / US gallon)
- Potassium Nitrate: 2 grams / liter (7.6 grams / US gallon)
- Sea Salt: 1 gram / liter (3.8 grams / US gallon)
- Potassium Phosphate: 0.1 gram / liter (0.38 gram / US gallon)
- Iron Sulphate: 0.0378 gram / liter (0.143 gram / US gallon)
Arthrospira is cultivated worldwide and used as a dietary supplement as well as a whole food. It is available in tablet, flake and powder form. Spirulina is also known as Arthrospira Platensis, Spirulina Platensis, Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae in commercially prepared Spirulina supplements. It is also used as a feed supplement in the aquaculture, aquarium and poultry industries.
Spirulina produces twenty times as much protein as soybeans growing on an equal-sized area of land. Dried spirulina contains about 60-percent (51 to 71-percent) protein. It is a complete protein containing all essential amino acids, with slightly lower amounts of Methionine, Cysteine, and Lysine compared to certain animal-derived products. From a nutritional point of view, Spirulina is comparable with other protein sources, however it is more expensive gram-for-gram and may have adverse interactions when taken with certain prescribed medications.
Spirulina contains high concentrations of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), linoleic and arachidonic acids, vitamin B12, iron, protein, essential amino acids, the nucleic acids RNA and DNA, chlorophyll, and phycocyanin, a blue pigment that is found only in blue green algae. Provided in its typical supplement form as a dried powder having 5-percent water, a 100 gram amount of Spirulina supplies 290 calories and is a source of numerous nutrients, particularly B-vitamins (thiamin and riboflavin) and dietary minerals, such as iron and manganese. Spirulina's lipid content is 8-percent by weight providing gamma-linolenic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and arachidonic acid.
Nutrition Value per 100 grams (3.5 oz.)
(Source: USDA National Nutrient Data Base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA Energy 290 Calories (1,213 kJ) - Carbohydrates 23.9 g - Protein 57.47 g - Total Fat 7.72 g - Cholesterol 0 mg - Dietary Fiber 3.6 g - Water 4.68 g - Vitamins Vitamin A 29 µg 4% Beta Carotene 342 µg 3% Lutein Zeaxanthin 0 µg - Thiamin (B-1) 2.38 mg 207% Riboflavin (B-2) 3.67 mg 306% Niacin (B-3) 12.82 mg 85% Pantothenic Acid (B-5) 3.48 mg 70% Pyridoxine (B-6) 0.364 mg 28% Folate (B-9) 94 µg 24% Vitamin B-12 0 µg 0% Choline 66 mg 12% Vitamin C 10.1 mg 12% Vitamin D 0 IU 0% Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) 5 mg 33% Vitamin K 25.5 µg 24% Electrolytes Sodium 1048 mg 70% Potassium 1363 mg 29% Minerals Calcium 120 mg 12% Iron 28.5 mg 219% Magnesium 195 mg 55% Manganese 1.9 mg 90% Phosphorus 118 mg 17% Zinc 2 mg 21%
VITAMIN B-12 CONTROVERSY
Spirulina does not contain Vitamin B-12 naturally, and spirulina supplements are not considered a reliable source of Vitamin B-12, as they contain predominantly pseudovitamin B-12, which is biologically inactive in humans. Companies that grow and market Spirulina have claimed it to be a significant source of Vitamin B-12 on the basis of alternative, unpublished assays, although their claims are not accepted by independent scientific organizations. The American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada in their position paper on vegetarian diets state that spirulina cannot be counted on as a reliable source of active Vitamin B-12. The medical literature similarly advises that spirulina is unsuitable as a source of B-12.
SPIRULINA USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
A NATURAL FOOD SOURCE
Spirulina is an underwater plant. This algae grows in ponds and lakes located in Mexico, Hawaii, and Africa and many other exotic places around the world. Spirulina was used as a food source for the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans until the 16th century. The harvest from Lake Texcoco and subsequent sale as cakes were described by one of Cortes soldiers. The Aztecs called it "tecuitlatl". Spirulina was found in abundance at Lake Texcoco by French researchers in the 1960s, but no reference to its use was made by the Aztecs as a daily food source after the 16th century, probably due to the draining of the surrounding lakes for agricultural and urban development. The topic of the Tecuitlatl, which was earlier discovered in 1520, was not mentioned again until 1940, the French phycologist Pierre Dangeard mentioned about a cake called "dihe", consumed by Kanembu tribe, African Lake Chad, Kanem (Chad, Africa). Dangeard studied the "dihe" samples and found that it is like a puree of spring form blue algae. Spirulina has also been traditionally harvested in Chad. It is dried into dihe, which are used to make broths for meals, and also sold in markets. The spirulina is harvested from small lakes and ponds around Lake Chad.
During 1964 and 1965, the botanist Jean Leonard, during his Belgian Trans-Saharan Expedition, confirmed that dihe is made up of Spirulina and thus chemical analysis was started on Spirulina. During that time, Leonard received a request from Sosa-Texcoco Ltd, Mexico to study a bloom of algae in their sodium hydroxide production facility. As a result, the first systematic and detailed study of the growth requirements and physiology of Spirulina was performed. This study, which was a part of Ph.D. thesis by Zarrouk (1966) was the basis for establishing the first large-scale production plant of Spirulina. Spirulina, in 1967 was established as a "wonderful food source" by the International Association of Applied Microbiology. The first large-scale spirulina production plant, run by Sosa Texcoco, was established there in the early 1970s.
In 1974, the World Health Organization described spirulina as "an interesting food for multiple reasons, rich in iron and protein, and is able to be administered to children without any risk," considering it "a very suitable food." The United Nations established the Intergovernmental Institution for the use of Micro-algae Spirulina Against Malnutrition in 2003. In the late 1980s and early 90s, both NASA and the European Space Agency proposed spirulina as one of the primary foods to be cultivated during long-term space missions.
Spirulina has been labeled a "super food" because of its many healthful properties. It is really high in chlorophyll nutrition, especially vitamins and protein. It is consumed by many vegetarians who do not eat meat or fish. Spirulina is digested naturally and helps protect the immune system, reduce cholesterol, and aid in the absorption of minerals. It has been used in the treatment of diabetes, glaucoma, liver pathologies, cancer, increasing neurotransmitter formation, and it acts as an appetite suppressant. For those with hypoglycemia, a Spirulina supplement can help regulate blood sugar levels in between meals. Some studies have also shown that it eliminates candida and also improves HIV and AIDs. This blue green colored algae plant is popular for its taste and the nutrition it has to offer.
Spirulina offers many benefits, helping us to live a better, healthier lifestyle.
Protein: Spirulina has 50 to 70-percent protein. It is one of the foods that is very rich in proteins. Vitamin B-1: Known as Thiamin, this vitamin helps in digestion of fats and protein and improves nerve function. In 100 grams of Spirulina, ther is approximately 3.5 mg of Vitamin B-1. Calcium: Spirulina is said to have approximately 26 times more Calcium than milk. In every 100 grams of Spirulina, there is 1000 mg of Calcium. Iron: Spirulina is high in iron and hence considered very good for vegetarians. Beta Carotene: Beta Carotene is a precursor for Vitamin A with high antioxidant, free-radical fighting properties.
Spirulina is very rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants not only neutralize the free radicals in the body to keep cells healthy, prevent other diseases and aging, but also have properties which help prevent cancer.
CANCER RISK REDUCTION
Studies have shown that risks of cancer increases because of free radicals in our body. Free radicals are atoms with unpaired electrons. These can be very dangerous to our bodies as free radicals can damage vital molecules. Antioxidants reduce the risk of cancer by neutralizing these free radicals. Spirulina increases the production of antibodies and infection fighting proteins.
BLOOD SUGAR BALANCE
Spirulina can be used by those with type 2 diabetes as it may lead to an impressive reduction in blood sugar levels. Consult your health practitioner as it would not be suitable for all patients. Studies have shown that in some cases, Spirulina has performed better than many drugs.
MUSCLE ENDURANCE & STRENGTH INCREASE
Spirulina will improve muscle endurance and speed up muscle recovery. Muscle damage, like fatigue, can be caused because of oxidation. Hence many athletes prefer to consume foods rich in antioxidants so that their muscles can recover faster. In some cases, Spirulina has also increased muscle strength and endurance.
Spirulina helps to prevent atherosclerosis and reduce cholesterol. Cholesterol can be very dangerous and can cause heart problems. Spirulina reduces the fat deposits in the blood and reduces the cholesterol. A study showed that it also reduced serum triglycerides and the total cholesterol also reduced.
Spirulina prevents atherosclerosis and thus reduces the risk of strokes and block the damage done by strokes. It is a useful food to keep the heart healthy and with regular consumption, Spirulina almost reverses the damage caused by a poor diet.
SINUS PROBLEM REDUCTION
Spirulina helps reduce allergic rhinitis, commonly known as sinusitis. Spirulina reduces inflammation in the sinus and reduces pain caused by sinus swelling. Spirulina is also useful for treating nasal itching, nasal discharge, sneezing and congestion.
WEIGHT LOSS HELP
Spirulina is really high in proteins and helps in weight loss. Proteins help maintain lean muscles and burn fat. Spirulina also increases the metabolism of the body and helps burn fats faster. Spirulina can also prevent hunger. This can be beneficial to overweight people who should consume Spirulina either in the morning or at midday.
CHELATOR REMOVING HARMFUL METALS
Spirulina reduces toxicity by detecting heavy metals in the body, especially metals like arsenic. Arsenic poisoning is common in many countries like Bangladesh and India. Heavy metals are common in the polluted soil and water of areas of industry, consumed by local residents in their drinking water, in the foods grown in the soil, and animals bred for meat. A study showed that when a portion of Spirulina (250 mg) with Zinc (2 mg) was given to people (in India) after exposure to arsenic via drinking water, the arsenic levels in their bodies were reduced almost by half, as compared to those who were treated with a placebo. A water filter was installed and then after two weeks the people were divided into Spirulina group and placebo group for 14 weeks. The urinary arsenic levels doubled for the Spirulina group after 4 weeks and the hair arsenic levels dropped just over 47-percent, indicating the arsenic was being flushed from the body.
Examine.com: Scientific Review on Usage, Dosage & Side Effects of Spirulina
SPIRULINA DOSAGE INFORMATION
Spirulina can be taken in capsule or tablet form. There are many commercial brands of Spirulina in tablets and powders. Powdered dried herb can be mixed in water or added to smoothies or juices, or added to your other favorite recipes. For best results, read and follow product label directions.
Since Spirulina's growing environment can affect its nutritional quality and taste, it is worth doing a little research into where a particular brand sources its product. That could be as simple as looking up information on a brand's website. A significant portion of the world's Spirulina production comes out of China or India, some of which is exported to the United States, but it tends to have a lower nutritional profile and potential heavy metal and bacterial contamination. If you are unsure where your spirulina is coming from, locate a customer service number and ask.
Store open bottles or bags of spirulina powder and tablets in the refrigerator. Spirulina does not have any oils that could potentially go rancid over time, but the amount of oxygen-sensitive nutrients will diminish the longer it sits after opening. Consume it within a few months of opening.
The dose of spirulina used in studies examining its effects vary greatly. In general, 1 to 8 grams per day of spirulina has been shown to have some effect. The specific doses depend on the condition its being used for:
Spirulina is about 20-percent C-phycocyanin by weight, and about 1-percent phycocyanobilin by weight. The dosage range of 200 mg/kg C-phycocyanin (1 g/kg Spirulina) in rats is approximately:
- Cholesterol: Doses in the range of 1 to 8 grams per day may be useful.
- Muscle Performance: Doses of 2 to 7.5 grams per day have been used.
- Blood Glucose Control: Doses of 2 grams per day have very mild effects.
- Blood Pressure Control: Doses of 3.5 to 4.5 grams per day may be useful.
- Fatty Liver: Effects have been seen at doses of 4.5 grams per day.
Further research is needed to determine whether spirulina should be taken once a day, or in smaller doses, multiple times per day. It is not recommended to exceed the highest dose mentioned above, as no clear benefits have been noted beyond that level.
- 10.9 grams for a 150 pound person.
- 14.5 grams for a 200 pound person.
- 18.2 grams for a 250 pound person.
SPIRULINA SAFETY, CAUTIONS, & INTERACTIONS
There are no known safety issues or interactions associated with Spiruina when taken in the recommended doses. If you have any doubts regarding the consumption of Spirulina, consult your health practitioner. Those who suffer from PKU must consult their health practitioner before trying it.
Spirulina is a form of cyanobacterium, some of which are known to produce toxins such as microcystins, BMAA, and others. Some spirulina supplements have been found to be contaminated with microcystins, albeit at levels below the limit set by the Oregon Health Department. Microcystins can cause gastrointestinal disturbances and, in the long term, liver damage. The effects of chronic exposure to even very low levels of microcystins are of concern, because of the potential risk of toxicity to several organ systems and possibly cancer. These toxic compounds are not produced by spirulina itself, but may occur as a result of contamination of spirulina batches with other toxin-producing blue-green algae.
Because Spirulina is considered a dietary supplement in the U.S., no active, industry-wide regulation of its production occurs and no enforced safety standards exist for its production or purity. The U.S. National Institutes of Health describes spirulina supplements as "possibly safe", provided they are free of microcystin contamination, but "likely unsafe" (especially for children) if contaminated. Given the lack of regulatory standards in the U.S., some public-health researchers have raised the concern that consumers cannot be certain that spirulina and other blue-green algae supplements are free of contamination.
Heavy-metal contamination of spirulina supplements has also raised concern. The Chinese State Food and Drug Administration reported that lead, mercury, and arsenic contamination was widespread in spirulina supplements marketed in China. One study reported the presence of lead up to 5.1 ppm in a sample from a commercial supplement.
Like all protein-rich foods, spirulina contains Phenylalanine (2.6 to 4.1 g/100 g), an essential amino acid which should be avoided by people who have phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic disorder that prevents the body from metabolizing phenylalanine, which then builds up in the brain, causing damage. Spirulina contaminated with microcystins has various potential toxicity, especially to children, including liver damage, shock and death.
ANIMALS & AQUACULTURE
Various studies on spirulina as an alternative feed for animal and aquaculture were done. Spirulina can be fed up to 10-percent for poultry and less than 4-percent for Quail. Increase in the Spirulina content up to 40g/kg for 16 days in 21-day-old broiler male chicks, resulted in yellow and red coloration of flesh and this may be due to the accumulation of the yellow pigment, zeaxanthin. Pigs, rabbits and lambs can receive up to 10-percent of the feed and increase in the Spirulina content in cattle resulted in increase in milk yield and weight. Spirulina as an alternative feedstock and immune booster for big mouth buffalo, milk fish, cultured striped jack, carp, red sea bream, tilapia, catfish, yellow tail, zebrafish, shrimps and abalone was established and up to 2-percent Spirulina per day in aquaculture feed can be safely recommended.
Toxicological studies of the effects of Spirulina consumption on humans and animals, including feeding as much as 800 mg/kg (2.2 lbs), and replacing up to 60-percent of protein intake with Spirulina, have shown no toxic effects. Fertility, teratogenicity, peri- and postnatal, and multigenerational studies on animals also have found no adverse effects from Spirulina consumption.
SPIRULINA SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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SPIRULINA SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Spirulina (Blue Green Algae) is rich in chlorophyll, beta carotene, vitamins (including Vitamin B-12), minerals, amino acids, DNA, RNA, and enzymes. Spirulina contains phytonutriets that appear to boost the immune system and stabilizes blood sugar levels. Spirulina contains as much protein as soy. The high concentration of amino acids has made spirulina a popular nutritional supplement for those who are unable to obtain sufficient calories and protein through diet alone, particularly athletes who burn calories at a high rate. In addition to amino acids, spirulina is also a rich source of numerous other nutrients, including many essential vitamins and minerals. Research into the medical benefits of spirulina is ongoing, but there is no doubt about its nutritional benefits. Among other things, it contains as much iron as equivalent weights of beef.
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Spirulina Powder (Arthrospira Platensis), Certified Organic Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
Mountain Rose Herbs: Spirulina Capsules (Arthrospira Platensis), Certified Organic, 450 mg, 100 Caps
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (US), 4 oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (Chinese), 4 oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (Chinese), Organic, 4 oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (India), Organic, 4 oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (India), Organic, 1 lb.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (Chinese), 1 lb.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (Chinese), Organic, 1 lb.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Powder (United States), 1 lb.
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Capsules, 470 mg, 100 VCaps
Starwest Botanicals: Spirulina Capsules, 470 mg, 500 VCaps
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Earthrise Natural, 90 Grams (15065)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Thompson Nutritional Products, Unflavored, 3.5 oz (3 Grams) (89639)
HerbsPro; Spirulina, Organic, Source Naturals, 4 oz. (113.4 Grams) (77364)
HerbsPro; Spirulina Powder, Hawaiian, Now Foods, 4 oz. (68752)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina Powder, Nutrex, 5 oz. (18252)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Earthrise Natural, 6.3 oz. (15064)
HerbsPro; Spirulina, Organic, Source Naturals, 8 oz. (226.8 Grams) (77365)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Earthrise Natural, 16 oz. (66416)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina Powder, Nutrex, 16 oz. (18249)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Organic, Now Foods, 1 lb. Cannister (68561)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb. (71360)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Powder, Now Foods, 4 lbs. (68750)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina Powder, Nutrex, 5 lbs. (69756)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Organically Grown, Nature's Life, 500 mg, 50 Tabs (90157)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Gold Plus, Earthwise, 90 Tabs (73471)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Dr. Christophers Formula, 100 VCaps (39724)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Natures Way, 100 Caps (18094)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Now Foods, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (68747)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Earthrise, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (15054)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (6637)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina, Nutrex, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (18251)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Organically Grown, Nature's Life, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (90161)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Now Foods, 500 mg, 120 VCaps (68746)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Pacifica, Pure Hawaiian, Nutrex, 500 mg, 150 Tabs (94900)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Organic, Now Foods, 500 mg, 180 Tabs (71676)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina Pacifica, Nutrex, 180 Tabs (81974)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Gold Plus, Earthrise, 180 Tabs (87929)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Earthrise, 500 mg, 180 Tabs (15056)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Gaia Herbs, 500 mg, 180 Tabs (92578)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 200 Tabs (6638)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Now Foods, 500 mg, 200 Tabs (68748)
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Spirulina, Nutrex, 500 mg, 200 Tabs (18250)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Organically Grown, Natures Life, 500 mg, 250 Tabs (90162)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Earthrise, 500 mg, 360 Tabs (15055)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Pacifica, Nutrex, Pure Hawaiian, 500 mg, 300 Tabs (94901)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Pacifica, Nutrex, 500 mg, 400 Tabs (18254)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Tabs (6639)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Now Foods, 500 mg, 500 Tabs (68749)
HerbsPro: Spirulina Hawaiian, Life Time Nutritional Specialties, 600 mg 90 Caps (89665)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Earthrise, Natural, 600 mg, 150 Caps (66936)
HerbsPro: Spirulina, Earthrise, Natural, 600 mg, 300 VCaps (66937)
HerbsPro; Spirulina, Solgar, 750 mg, 100 Tabs (36766)
HerbsPro; Spirulina, Solgar, 750 mg, 250 Tabs (36767)
Kalyx: Spirulina Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Non-Alcoholic Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Non-Alcoholic Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 16 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 16 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Non-Alcoholic Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 16 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina Extract (Blue Green Algae, Spirulina Platensis), Health & Herbs, 32 fl. oz.: HH
Kalyx: Spirulina, Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 470 mg, 100 VCaps: C
Kalyx: Spirulina, Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 470 mg, 500 VCaps: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Hawaiian, Thompson, 500 mg, 100 Tabs: K
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 4 oz.: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Frontier Brand, 1/2 lb: K
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Frontier Brand, 1 lb: K
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder (Spirulina Platensis), Certified Organic, Frontier Brand, 1 lb: K
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 1 Kg (2.2 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 5 Kg (11 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 10 Kg (22 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 25 lbs: C
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Certified Organic, Kalyx Bulk Products, 50 lbs (22.73 Kg): CO
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Certified Organic, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): CS
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Certified Organic, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GS
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Certified Organic, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GV
Kalyx: Spirulina Canada, Certified Organic, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
Kalyx: Spirulina China, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
Kalyx: Spirulina USA Wildcrafted Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 50 Kg (110 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 100 Kg (220 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 200 Kg (440 lbs): EB
Kalyx: Spirulina-Ginseng Energy Balls, Betty Lous, 1.4 oz (Case of 12): GR
These delicious gluten free snacks are flavored with spirulina and ginseng, providing the energy you need to keep going between meals.
Kalyx: Carob Spirulina, Chunks of Energy, 10 lbs: GR
These chunks of energy are a delicious way to snack healthy and stay energized throughout the day. Made from wholesom and tasty ingredients that include sunflower seeds, honey, carob powder, sesame seeds, rice cereal, peanuts, apricots, pumpkin seeds, cashews, vanilla, and spirulina. These energy chunks are salt and dairy free.
Amazon: Spirulina (Blue Green Algae) Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Spirulina Herbal Information Nutrition Basics: Protein Supplement Information Nutrition Basics Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.