animated goddess mdbs banner animated goddess

MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics


American Spikenard, Wild Sarsaparilla, Indian Root
Fleabane, Pigeon Weed

(Nardostachys Grandiflora, Nardostachys Jatamans, Aralia Racemosai)

  • Spikenard Herbal Description
  • Spikenard Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Spikenard Dosage Information
  • Spikenard Safety & Interaction Information
  • Spikenard Essential Oil & Herbal Products

  • spikenard plant - N. jatamansi


    Spikenard Root (Nardostachys grandiflora or Nardostachys jatamansi) is also known as Aralia racemosa, American Spikenard, Fleabane, Manroot, Wild Sarsaparilla, Indian Root, Life-of-Man, Old Man's Root, Petty Morel, Pigeon Weed, and Spignet.

    Spikenard is found in high mountainous altitudes of about 9,000 to 16,500 feet. The much-branched stem grows from 3 to 6 feet high. Very large leaves, consisting of thin oval heart-shaped, double saw-toothed leaflets. Small pink-greenish bell-shaped flowers in many clusters - blooming later than Aralia medicaulis (for which it is often substituted), July to August. Has roundish red-brown berries going dark purple. Root-stock (rhizomes) are thick and large, spicy and aromatic and can be crushed and distilled into an intensely aromatic amber-colored essential oil, which is very thick in consistency. Fracture of cortex short, of the wood also short and fibrous. The Spikenard odor is aromatic, its taste is mucilaginous, pungent and slightly acrid. Transverse section of root shows thick bark, several zones containing oil. The plant grows freely in the author's garden.

    Spikenard is related to Ginseng and Wild Sarsaparilla. Spikenard root belongs to the Valerian family, the same family as the Ginseng root and is prized for many of the same reasons. Native to the Eastern United States as well as the Himalaya mountains of northern India and China, Nepal and Japan, Spikenard is a fragrant plant with a pungent root. The root has long been used medicinally by Native American tribes. All of these roots were used by Native Americans as flavoring in teas and root beer as well as for medicinal purposes. The Cherokees drank Spikenard tea for backache. The Shawnees used it to treat gas pains, coughs, asthma, and chest pains. Many different tribes gave the tea to women in labor to make childbirth less painful and faster. In colonial times, both men and women used Spikenard for conditions called humors in the blood, and they used the oil from the seeds for earache and deafness. In the 19th century, medical practitioners used the root to treat gout, rheumatism, syphilis, and other diseases in which it was needed to cleanse or purify the blood.

    Known since ancient times, Spikenard is named in the Old Testament as one of the ingredients in the incense burned in the holy temple of Jerusalem. The powdered root is cited in some Islamic traditions as the forbidden fruit Adam ate in the garden of Eden against God's wishes. In medieval European cuisine, Spikenard was used to season foods, especially as a part of the spice blend used in Hypocras, a sweetened and spiced wine drink. From the 17th century it was one of the ingredients for a strong beer called Stingo. It has a complex spicy, earthy aroma which is said to repel fleas, thus giving it the name fleabane, among others, but it has also been used as a poultice to treat broken bones and deep bruising. It has also been used to treat rheumatism, syphilis, coughs and cold symptoms, and shortness of breath. In the Appalachians, Spikenard root tea is a traditional treatment for backache. It has a mild, pleasant licorice like flavor, and has been often used as a substitute for Sarsaparilla.

    spikenard plant - N. grandiflora


    Spikenard, a member of the ginseng family, has often been used as a substitute for sarsaparilla, and is used in many of the same ways. It was a common flavoring in Ancient Rome foods and occurs frequently in the recipes of Apicius, though it tends to be used sparingly.

    Spikenard is known to be an alterative, have antimicrobial action and may act as an expectorant in upper respiratory coughs caused by asthmatic conditions. Like ginseng, Spikenard can help the body adapt to stressful situations.

    Spikenard induces sweating and is stimulating and detoxifying so it is useful in treating coughs, respiratory infections, asthma, rheumatism, and tuberculosis. The tea is used as a remedy for backaches. The root is alterative, diaphoretic, diuretic, pectoral, and stimulant. A decoction made from the roots and bark is used by women with menstrual problems or prolapsed uteruses. A poultice or salve made from Spikenard can be used topically for eczema, cuts, swellings, burns, and wounds.

    Spikenard root constituents are volatile oil, resin, tannins, diterpene acids. It has stimulant and diaphoretic properties and is used as an alterative for syphilitic, cutaneous and rheumatic cases, and used in same manner and dosage as genuine Sarsaparilla. It is also used for pulmonary affections, and enters into the compound syrup of Spikenard.


    Spikenard oil is used as a perfume, and incense, a sedative and as a herbal medicine to fight insomnia, birth difficulties and other minor ailments. The scent of Spikenard attracts cats, a strange phenomenon in itself.

    Today, oil of spikenard is not used as widely as that of its many valerian relatives. Spikenard is still used in many Tibetan healing incenses. It is used in the herbal medicine of India, Tibet and the rest of China as a nerve tonic and sedative for sleep disorders - property it shares with the closely related Valerian or Valeriana officinalis. Spikenard is known as a healing oil and is grown in India and China. The essential oil is obtained through steam distillation and it is a base note with an earthy/musty scent.

    The essential oil is grounding, calming, and anti-fungal. The oil was known in ancient times and was part of the Ayurvedic herbal tradtion of India. It was obtained as a luxury in ancient egypt, the Near East and in Rome it was the main incredient in the perfume nardinum and used as an incense used in temples.

    Physically, Spikenard essential oil is used as a diuretic; it is allegedly useful for rashes and skin allergies. It is claimed to be anti-fungal and is said to have a balancing effect on the menstrual cycle. Emotionally, this oil is reserved for deep-seated grief or old pain. It is used in palliative care to help ease the transition from life to death. Its oil is also used for preparing medicines for cholera, epilepsy, heart diseases, etc.


  • Botanical Name: Nardastachus jatamansi
  • Common Method Of Extraction: Steam Distilled
  • Parts Used: Root
  • Note Classification: Base
  • Aroma: Heavy, Sweet-Woody, Spicy-Animal Odor, Somewhat similar to Valerian Oil
  • Largest Producing Countries: Nepal and USA

  • TRADITIONAL USE: Mostly used in the fragrance industry. It is also known for its healing properties of the skin.

    PROPERTIES: Antibiotic, antifungal, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, deodorant, fungicidal, laxative, sedative, tonic.

    BENEFITS: Allergies, anxiety, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, mature skin, menstrual problems, migraine, nervous indigestion, rashes, stress, tension. In perfumery it is used as a fixative. it may also be used as a substitute for Valerian.

    BLENDS WELL WITH: Cistus, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Myrrh, Neroli, Oakmoss, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Pine Needle, Rose, Vetiver essential oils.

    OF INTEREST: Spikenard has many biblical references. It is one of the eleven herbs burned in the holy temple. It is also mentioned in the Song of Solomon.

    SAFETY DATA: Generally considered safe.

    The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.


    Typical preparations include decoction of the root as a tea and it is seldom found in extracts and capsules.

    Fluid extract, 1/32 to 1/8 fl. oz. Infusion of 1/2 ounce to a pint of water in wineglassful (2 fluid ounces) doses.

    Spikenard comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. In treating any of the internal conditions listed above, it is advised you do so under the supervision of your health care practitioner. Use Spikenard essential oil as per product instructions.


    Spikenard is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses.

    Safety in young children, nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known. Not recommended while pregnant.


  • Spikenard Essential Oil Products

  • Spikenard Herbal Products


    spikenard essential oil

    Spikenard - Sweet Surrender

    Latin name: Nardastachus jatamansi. Family name: Valerianaceae. Spikenard oil is distilled from the roots and is imported from India. It has a heavy, sweet-woodsy aroma. Spikenard is herb used by Mary Magdalene to anoint Christ's feet before the last supper. Some traditional uses: to relieve migraines, stress and tension, for rejuvenation of mature skin, to calm and promote restful sleep, for wounds, to inspire devotion. Avoid use during pregnancy. Emotional profile: for inner conflict, emotional / spirit / physical imbalances, restlessness. Blends with: lavender, patchouli, pine, and vetiver.



    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Essential Oil (Nardostachus jatamansi), Certified Organic, Organic Essential Oils


    HerbsPro: Spikenard Essential Oil, Organic, Simplers Botanicals, 5 ml


    Amazon: Spikenard Essential Oil Products

  • Aromatherapy: Spikenard Essential Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Spikenard Herbal Information



    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Root (Aralia racemosa), Wild Harvested, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Essential Oil (Nardostachus jatamansi), Certified Organic, Organic Essential Oils


    HerbsPro: Spikenard Essential Oil, Organic, Simplers Botanicals, 5 ml
    HerbsPro: Hayfever Homeopathic Remedy, Allergy & Sinus Support, Longevity, 100 Tabs
    Homeopathic medicine for allergic rhinitis. Symptoms include itchy, watery eyes, runny, itchy nose, congestion, and sneezing. Symptoms are most common in spring and fall (when ragweed is particularly troublesome), but some people have it all year. Ingredients include homeopathic potencies of Ambrosia Artemisiaefolia (ragweed) 6X, Aralia Racemosa (spikenard) 6X, Euphrasia Officinalis (eyebright) 6X, Pulsatilla Nigricans (wind flower) 6X, 12X, 30X, Sanguinaria Canadensis (blood root) 6X, Solidago Virgaurea (golden rod) 6X, Allium Cepa (red onion) 8X, Arsenicum Iodatum (arsenious iodide) 8X, Kali Iodatum (potassium iodide) 8X, Sabadilla (cevadilla) 8X, Inactive: Lactose.


    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys Jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 1 lb: B
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia recemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 25 kg (55 lbs): B
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 50 kg (110 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia recemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 100 kg (220 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 100 kg (220 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 200 kg (440 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys Jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 100 VCaps: B
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia racemosa), Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 32 fl oz: HH


    Amazon: Spikenard Essential Oil Products

  • Aromatherapy: Spikenard Essential Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Spikenard Herbal Information

  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    Health & Wellness Index


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index

  • For a full list of available products from Mountain Rose Herbs, click on banner below:

    Starwest Botanicals

    HerbsPro Supplement Store


    Up to 70% Off Bath & Beauty - evitamins


    HCBL 10% OFF Promotion Code

 Herbs, Foods, Supplements, Bath & Body

    Chinese Herbs Direct

    Ayurvedic Herbs Direct

    Pet Herbs Direct

    Wild Divine - Stress relief training software and meditation.

    Aleva Health - Hosiery, Orthopedics, Wound Care, Support, Diabetic Socks

    ShareASale Merchant-Affiliate Program


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.