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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
SPIKENARD

American Spikenard, Wild Sarsaparilla, Indian Root
Fleabane, Pigeon Weed

(Nardostachys Grandiflora, Nardostachys Jatamans, Aralia Racemosai)





  • Spikenard Herbal Description
  • Spikenard Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Spikenard Dosage Information
  • Spikenard Safety & Interaction Information
  • Spikenard Essential Oil & Herbal Products




  • spikenard plant - N. jatamansi


    SPIKENARD HERBAL DESCRIPTION

    Spikenard Root (Nardostachys grandiflora or Nardostachys jatamansi) is also known as Aralia racemosa, American Spikenard, Fleabane, Manroot, Wild Sarsaparilla, Indian Root, Life-of-Man, Old Man's Root, Petty Morel, Pigeon Weed, and Spignet.

    Spikenard is found in high mountainous altitudes of about 9,000 to 16,500 feet. The much-branched stem grows from 3 to 6 feet high. Very large leaves, consisting of thin oval heart-shaped, double saw-toothed leaflets. Small pink-greenish bell-shaped flowers in many clusters - blooming later than Aralia medicaulis (for which it is often substituted), July to August. Has roundish red-brown berries going dark purple. Root-stock (rhizomes) are thick and large, spicy and aromatic and can be crushed and distilled into an intensely aromatic amber-colored essential oil, which is very thick in consistency. Fracture of cortex short, of the wood also short and fibrous. The Spikenard odor is aromatic, its taste is mucilaginous, pungent and slightly acrid. Transverse section of root shows thick bark, several zones containing oil. The plant grows freely in the author's garden.

    Spikenard is related to Ginseng and Wild Sarsaparilla. Spikenard root belongs to the Valerian family, the same family as the Ginseng root and is prized for many of the same reasons. Native to the Eastern United States as well as the Himalaya mountains of northern India and China, Nepal and Japan, Spikenard is a fragrant plant with a pungent root. The root has long been used medicinally by Native American tribes. All of these roots were used by Native Americans as flavoring in teas and root beer as well as for medicinal purposes. The Cherokees drank Spikenard tea for backache. The Shawnees used it to treat gas pains, coughs, asthma, and chest pains. Many different tribes gave the tea to women in labor to make childbirth less painful and faster. In colonial times, both men and women used Spikenard for conditions called humors in the blood, and they used the oil from the seeds for earache and deafness. In the 19th century, medical practitioners used the root to treat gout, rheumatism, syphilis, and other diseases in which it was needed to cleanse or purify the blood.

    Known since ancient times, Spikenard is named in the Old Testament as one of the ingredients in the incense burned in the holy temple of Jerusalem. The powdered root is cited in some Islamic traditions as the forbidden fruit Adam ate in the garden of Eden against God's wishes. In medieval European cuisine, Spikenard was used to season foods, especially as a part of the spice blend used in Hypocras, a sweetened and spiced wine drink. From the 17th century it was one of the ingredients for a strong beer called Stingo. It has a complex spicy, earthy aroma which is said to repel fleas, thus giving it the name fleabane, among others, but it has also been used as a poultice to treat broken bones and deep bruising. It has also been used to treat rheumatism, syphilis, coughs and cold symptoms, and shortness of breath. In the Appalachians, Spikenard root tea is a traditional treatment for backache. It has a mild, pleasant licorice like flavor, and has been often used as a substitute for Sarsaparilla.





    spikenard plant - N. grandiflora


    SPIKENARD USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Spikenard, a member of the ginseng family, has often been used as a substitute for sarsaparilla, and is used in many of the same ways. It was a common flavoring in Ancient Rome foods and occurs frequently in the recipes of Apicius, though it tends to be used sparingly.

    Spikenard is known to be an alterative, have antimicrobial action and may act as an expectorant in upper respiratory coughs caused by asthmatic conditions. Like ginseng, Spikenard can help the body adapt to stressful situations.

    Spikenard induces sweating and is stimulating and detoxifying so it is useful in treating coughs, respiratory infections, asthma, rheumatism, and tuberculosis. The tea is used as a remedy for backaches. The root is alterative, diaphoretic, diuretic, pectoral, and stimulant. A decoction made from the roots and bark is used by women with menstrual problems or prolapsed uteruses. A poultice or salve made from Spikenard can be used topically for eczema, cuts, swellings, burns, and wounds.

    Spikenard root constituents are volatile oil, resin, tannins, diterpene acids. It has stimulant and diaphoretic properties and is used as an alterative for syphilitic, cutaneous and rheumatic cases, and used in same manner and dosage as genuine Sarsaparilla. It is also used for pulmonary affections, and enters into the compound syrup of Spikenard.

    SPIKENARD ESSENTIAL OIL

    Spikenard oil is used as a perfume, and incense, a sedative and as a herbal medicine to fight insomnia, birth difficulties and other minor ailments. The scent of Spikenard attracts cats, a strange phenomenon in itself.

    Today, oil of spikenard is not used as widely as that of its many valerian relatives. Spikenard is still used in many Tibetan healing incenses. It is used in the herbal medicine of India, Tibet and the rest of China as a nerve tonic and sedative for sleep disorders - property it shares with the closely related Valerian or Valeriana officinalis. Spikenard is known as a healing oil and is grown in India and China. The essential oil is obtained through steam distillation and it is a base note with an earthy/musty scent.

    The essential oil is grounding, calming, and anti-fungal. The oil was known in ancient times and was part of the Ayurvedic herbal tradtion of India. It was obtained as a luxury in ancient egypt, the Near East and in Rome it was the main incredient in the perfume nardinum and used as an incense used in temples.

    Physically, Spikenard essential oil is used as a diuretic; it is allegedly useful for rashes and skin allergies. It is claimed to be anti-fungal and is said to have a balancing effect on the menstrual cycle. Emotionally, this oil is reserved for deep-seated grief or old pain. It is used in palliative care to help ease the transition from life to death. Its oil is also used for preparing medicines for cholera, epilepsy, heart diseases, etc.


    SPIKENARD ESSENTIAL OIL PROFILE

  • Botanical Name: Nardastachus jatamansi
  • Common Method Of Extraction: Steam Distilled
  • Parts Used: Root
  • Note Classification: Base
  • Aroma: Heavy, Sweet-Woody, Spicy-Animal Odor, Somewhat similar to Valerian Oil
  • Largest Producing Countries: Nepal and USA


  • TRADITIONAL USE: Mostly used in the fragrance industry. It is also known for its healing properties of the skin.

    PROPERTIES: Antibiotic, antifungal, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, deodorant, fungicidal, laxative, sedative, tonic.

    BENEFITS: Allergies, anxiety, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, mature skin, menstrual problems, migraine, nervous indigestion, rashes, stress, tension. In perfumery it is used as a fixative. it may also be used as a substitute for Valerian.

    BLENDS WELL WITH: Cistus, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Myrrh, Neroli, Oakmoss, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Pine Needle, Rose, Vetiver essential oils.

    OF INTEREST: Spikenard has many biblical references. It is one of the eleven herbs burned in the holy temple. It is also mentioned in the Song of Solomon.

    SAFETY DATA: Generally considered safe.


    The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.





    SPIKENARD DOSAGE INFORMATION

    Typical preparations include decoction of the root as a tea and it is seldom found in extracts and capsules.

    Fluid extract, 1/32 to 1/8 fl. oz. Infusion of 1/2 ounce to a pint of water in wineglassful (2 fluid ounces) doses.

    Spikenard comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. In treating any of the internal conditions listed above, it is advised you do so under the supervision of your health care practitioner. Use Spikenard essential oil as per product instructions.





    SPIKENARD SAFETY & INTERACTION INFORMATION

    Spikenard is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses.

    Safety in young children, nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known. Not recommended while pregnant.





    SPIKENARD HERBAL & ESSENTIAL OIL PRODUCTS

  • Spikenard Essential Oil Products

  • Spikenard Herbal Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS


    spikenard essential oil



    Spikenard - Sweet Surrender


    Latin name: Nardastachus jatamansi. Family name: Valerianaceae. Spikenard oil is distilled from the roots and is imported from India. It has a heavy, sweet-woodsy aroma. Spikenard is herb used by Mary Magdalene to anoint Christ's feet before the last supper. Some traditional uses: to relieve migraines, stress and tension, for rejuvenation of mature skin, to calm and promote restful sleep, for wounds, to inspire devotion. Avoid use during pregnancy. Emotional profile: for inner conflict, emotional / spirit / physical imbalances, restlessness. Blends with: lavender, patchouli, pine, and vetiver.

    SPIKENARD ESSENTIAL OIL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Essential Oil (Nardostachus jatamansi), Certified Organic, Organic Essential Oils


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Spikenard Essential Oil, Organic, Simplers Botanicals, 5 ml


    AMAZON PRODUCTS PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Spikenard Essential Oil Products



  • Aromatherapy: Spikenard Essential Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Spikenard Herbal Information



  • SPIKENARD HERBAL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Root (Aralia racemosa), Wild Harvested, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Spikenard Essential Oil (Nardostachus jatamansi), Certified Organic, Organic Essential Oils


    HERBPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Spikenard Essential Oil, Organic, Simplers Botanicals, 5 ml
    HerbsPro: Hayfever Homeopathic Remedy, Allergy & Sinus Support, Longevity, 100 Tabs
    Homeopathic medicine for allergic rhinitis. Symptoms include itchy, watery eyes, runny, itchy nose, congestion, and sneezing. Symptoms are most common in spring and fall (when ragweed is particularly troublesome), but some people have it all year. Ingredients include homeopathic potencies of Ambrosia Artemisiaefolia (ragweed) 6X, Aralia Racemosa (spikenard) 6X, Euphrasia Officinalis (eyebright) 6X, Pulsatilla Nigricans (wind flower) 6X, 12X, 30X, Sanguinaria Canadensis (blood root) 6X, Solidago Virgaurea (golden rod) 6X, Allium Cepa (red onion) 8X, Arsenicum Iodatum (arsenious iodide) 8X, Kali Iodatum (potassium iodide) 8X, Sabadilla (cevadilla) 8X, Inactive: Lactose.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys Jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 1 lb: B
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia recemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia racemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 25 kg (55 lbs): B
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 50 kg (110 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard (Aralia recemosa) Root Powder, Kalyx, 100 kg (220 lbs): RF
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 100 kg (220 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder, Kalyx, 200 kg (440 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Spikenard Root Powder (Nardostachys Jatamansi), Vadik Herbs, 100 VCaps: B
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia racemosa), Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: American Spikenard Root Extract (Aralia Racemosa), Health & Herbs, 32 fl oz: HH


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Spikenard Essential Oil Products

  • Aromatherapy: Spikenard Essential Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Spikenard Herbal Information






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