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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics


(Ulmus Rubra / Ulmus Fulva)

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  • Slippery Elm Herbal Description
  • Slippery Elm Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Slippery Elm Dosage Information
  • Slippery Elm Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Slippery Elm Herbal Products

  • slippery elm leaves


    Slippery Elm is also known as Ulmus rubra and Ulmus fulva. Common names include Red Elm, Mouse Elm, Indian Elm. The branches are very rough with long, unequally toothed leaves, rough with hairs on both sides. The leaf buds are covered with a dense yellow wool. The flowers are stalkless. The inner bark has important medicinal value and is the only part used. It is collectred in the spring from the bole and larger branches and dried. The bark is sold in flat pieces 2 to 3 feet long and several inches wide, but only about 1/8 to 1/16 inch in thickness. It is very tough and flexible, of a fine fibrous texture, finely striated longitudinally on both surfaces. The outer surface appears reddish yellow, with patches of reddish brown, which are part of the outer bark adhering to the inner bark (bast).

    slippery elm tree

    It has a fenugreek-like odor and a very mucilaginous, insipid taste. The strips can be bent double without breaking: if broken, the rough fracture is mealy, strongly but finely fibrous. The clean transverse section shows numerous medullary rays and altemate bands of bast parenchyma, thus giving it a chequered appearance. A section moistened and left for a few minutes, and again examined, shows large swollen mucilage cells. The inner bark of the Slippery Elm tree is collected from trees which are at least 10 years old and is mainly powdered for therapeutic use.

    slippery elm bark powder

    The powdered bark should be greyish or fawn-colored. If dark or reddish, good results will not be obtained. The powdered bark has often been adulterated with damaged flour and other starchy substances. The powdered bark is sold in two forms - a coarse powder for use as a poultice and a fine powder used for making mucilaginous drink. When moistened, it forms a flexible and spongy tissue and can easily be molded into pessaries, teats or suppositories.

    The inner bark of Slippery Elm is a Native American favorite and is found growing in Canada and parts of the United States including the Appalachian Mountains. Slippery Elm was easily adopted by European colonists for the treatment of sore throats, coughs, dryness of the lungs, wounds, skin inflammations, and irritations of the digestive tract. This herb was also made into a porridge and given to weaned infants to soothe their stomachs. Civil War heroes credited Slippery Elm with healing war wounds.

    The principle constituent of the bark is the mucilage contained in large cells in the bast. It is very similar to that found in flaxseed (linseed). The mucilage does not dissolve but only swells in water and is so abundant that 10 grains of powdered bark will make a thick jelly with an ounce of water.


    Soothing Slippery Elm was traditionally powdered and one of its main uses for Native Americans was as a poultice for boils, ulcers and for wounds in general. Other common uses included being used for colds or fevers and to soothe an irritated digestive system – one of its main purposes today.

    Today Slippery Elm is used as a cough lozenge and is widely available in pharmacies. This herb is also used for its bowel soothing properties to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), gastritis, heartburn, and hemorrhoids. It is also helpful in other inflammatory bowel conditions such as diverticuliltis and diverticulosis. Slippery Elm is such a specific remedy for helping these conditions that it is a sad thing that conventional medical practitioners do not make more use of it. It will often soothe the pain associated with these ailments within a couple of hours. This is not a case of the Slippery Elm hiding the pain, but by soothing the inflammation, the pain (a signal from the body that something is not right) simple goes away since there is no neeed for it once the inflammation is treated. However, the cause of the inflammation must still be managed, but the use of Slippery Elm as an herbal tool helps to deal with the symptoms of bowel disorders while the cause is being investigated.

    The 'slippery' part of Slippery Elm refers to the texture of the herb. This is because of the large mucilage content of Slippery Elm, which is also responsible for its wonderful healing and soothing action. This is termed a demulcent or an emollient agent, which means it is a soothing substance. It not only soothes and heals all that it comes into contact with, but is highly nutritious. Slippery Elm is a wholesome food for the weak and convalescent, from infants to the elderly.


  • Poultice: Slippery Elm makes a wonderfully soothing and healing poultice, applied locally to the problem, for drawing out toxins, especially those associated with boils, spots or abscesses and can assist the removal of splinters. Applied to wounds, burns and inflammation of any kind, Slippery Elm is soothing and helps heal, and reduce swelling and pain. Herbal poultices, generally made from the bruised, fresh leaves of special herbs, are frequently mixed with Slippery Elm and boiling water sufficient to give the mass consistency.

  • To use as a poultice, mix Slippery Elm Powder with hot water to form the required consistency, spread smoothly upon soft cotton cloth and apply over the parts affected. It is unfailing in cases of suppurations, abscesses, wounds of all kinds, congestion, eruptions, swollen glands, etc. In simple inflammation, it may be applied directly over the part affected; to abscesses and old wounds, it should be placed between cloths. If applied to parts of the body where there is hair, the face of the poultice should be smeared with Olive Oil before applying.

    In old gangrenous wounds, an excellent antiseptic poultice is prepared by mixing with warm water or an infusion of Wormwood, equal parts of Slippery Elm powder and very fine Charcoal and applying immediately over the part.

    A very valuable poultice in cases where it is desirable to hasten suppuration or arrest the tendency to gangrene is made by mixing the Slippery Elm powder with Brewer's Yeast and New Milk (Colostrum).

    Compound Bran poultice is made by mixing with hot Vinegar equal quantities of Wheat Bran with Slippery Elm powder. This is an excellent poultice for severe rheumatic and gouty affections, particularly of the joints, synovitis etc.


  • Inflammation of Bowel: Because of the mucilage content of Slippery Elm, it can be just as valuable internally as externally. Slippery elm Bark can be used to help soothe many different types of digestive complaints:
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    • Colitis & diverticulitis
    • Inflammation of the gut or colic
    • Acid indigestion or acid reflux
    • Stomach & intestinal ulcers
    • Diarrhea, especially if Slippery Elm is mixed with a Banana and powdered Marshmallow.

  • Nourishing Food: As a nutritive (a nourishing herb). Slippery Elm powder is a great food for debilitated states, and as a baby food. Slippery Elm Food is generally made by mixing a teaspoonful of the powder into a thin and perfectly smooth paste with cold water and then pouring on a pint of boiling water, steadily stirring meanwhile. It can, if desired, be flavored with Cinnamon, Nutmeg or Lemon rind.

  • Urinary Inflammation: Slippery Elm can also be useful for urinary infections such as cystitis.

  • Pulmonary: Traditionally, Slippery Elm bark is also reported to ease chest, lung and bronchial conditions.


    Use cough lozenges as needed. For digestive disorders, make a porridge of Slippery Elm with a bit of honey, and eat as desired. For inflammatory bowel conditions, slippery elm is made into a thin type of porridge or gruel drink, like a glutinous tea. This is the benefit of slippery elm – its glutinous nature helps it adhere to the inside stomach and intestine walls, and do its job of nourishing and soothing.

  • Mucilage: A preparation made by mixing 6 grams of bruised Slippery Elm bark in 100 ml water and heated in a closed container in a water bath for one hour and then strained.

  • Capsules: A standard dosage of capsulized Slippery Elmpowder is 500 to 1000 mg 3 times daily. A recommended dosage 325 mg, one to eight capsules 3 times daily.

  • Powder Tea Drink: Slippery Elm Powder can be used to make a drink. Avoid any Slippery Elm powder with any additives, such as sugar. It needs no additives for use. Mix 1 teaspoon powdered herb with a little water to a paste. Slowly add half a pint or so of boiling water, stirring or whisking all the time. Drink 2 to 3 cups daily. If taken at night, it will help induce sleep.

  • Cough Compound: Cut obliquely one or more ounces of Slippery Elmbark into pieces about the thickness of a matchstick. Add a pinch of Cayenne with a slice of Lemon, infusing the whole in a pint of boiling water and letting it stand for 25 minutes. Sweeten with honey, if desired. Take frequently in small doses to treat cough, about a pint daily is recommended.

  • Typhoid Fever: Prepare Slippery Elm as for a cough to strengthen, heal and cleanse. Drink as much as desired until thirst has abated. If a person is not thirsty, a dose of 2 large tablespoonfuls every hour for an adult has been recommended.

  • Bronchitis: Prepare with 1 teaspoon Flaxseed, 1 ounce Slippery Elm Bark, 1 ounce Boneset (Thoroughwort) , 1 stick Licorice, and 1 quart of water. Simmer slowly for 20 minutes. Strain and add 1 pint of Apple Cider Vinegar and 1/2 pint raw sugar. When cold, bottle. Take one tablespoonful two or three times daily.

  • Pleurisy: Pleurisy is the inflammation of the lining around the lungs. Take 2 ounces each of Pleurisy Root, Marshmallow Root, Licorice, and Slippery ElmSlippery Elm bark. Boil in 3 pints of water down to 3/4 pint (12 fluid ounces or 1.5 cups). Dosage is 1/2 teaspoon every half hour, to be taken warm.

  • Heart Remedy: As a heart remedy, a pint of Slippery Elm taken alternately with Bubleweed compound,

  • Diarrhea: An injection for diarrhea may be made with 3/4 teaspoon powdered Slippery Elm Bark, 2.25 teaspoons powdered Bayberry, 3/4 teaspoon powdered Skullcap. Pour on 1/2 pint of boiling water, infuse for half an hour, strain, add a teapoon of Myrrh Tincture and use lukewarm.

  • Constipation: As an enema, use 1.5 teaspoons Slippery Elm Bark mixed well with 1 teaspoon sugar, then 1/2 pint of warm milk and water and and ounce of Olive Oil are gently stirred in.

  • Worms: To treat worms (Ascarides), use 1/3 teaspoon Aloes Powder, 3/4 teaspoon sea salt, 1/3 teaspoon Slippery Elm Fine Powder. When well mixed, add 1/2 pint warm water and sweeten with molasses, stirring well.

  • Tapeworm: To expel tapeworm, 2 ounces Slippery Elm Mucilage is mixed with 3/4 teaspoon Male Fern Oil (Dryopteris filix-mas syn. Aspidium filix-mas). Over the centuries people have been making use of oil taken out from the tuber or rhizome of the herb to cure problems arising owing to tapeworms and also liver flukes or barbs. The rhizome or the tuber of the male fern is normally dug out of the ground in autumn. It is cleaned, dried and then stored for later use. Researches have discovered that compounds like filicin and filmarone present in the oil extracted from the male fern rhizome are harmful for the worms. Studies have also established that the oleo-resin (a mixture of a resin and an essential oil, either obtained naturally from plants or produced synthetically) in the oil render the worms incapable of movement and thus restrain the maggots or larvae from sticking themselves to the intestine walls. And when the root of the male fern is consumed without any oily purgative (a substance for purging bowels), it can be recommended for flushing out parasites from the body. Here is a word of caution. It must always be borne in mind that excessive dosage of the male fern is highly noxious and one should never use the herb without consulting qualified health practitioners. If taken in high doses, medicines prepared from the male fern may prove to be fatal too.
  • Toothache: A pinch of Slippery Elm Powder put in a hollow tooth stops the ache and delays decay, if used as soon as there is any sign of decay.

  • Follow the label instructions of a Slippery Elm product being used.


    Slippery Elm Powder is often combined with other digestive herbs, such as Aniseed, Peppermint or Cardamom. You may also come across many products formulated for the bowel or kidneys and urinary tract which contain slippery elm and other herbs.

    Slippery Elm Powder is great by itself for colitis and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). It can also be combined with other herbs including Wild Yam, Bayberry and Agrimony to make an excellent combination herbal formula for colitis or IBS. This is great if taken along with slippery elm tea.

    Another valuable herb to combine with Slippery Elm is Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum), which tends to stop bleeding. Cayenne is very, very helpful to counteract any intestinal bleeding. You can take cayenne pepper in water – but it is rather hot, so most people prefer to take capsules. Take 3 capsules a day of Cayenne Capsules for a few weeks or longer if desired. It works very well alongside slippery elm. Be sure to make sure the bleeding has no other more serious causes.


    Slippery Elm taken in the recommended doses is generally a very safe herb, with occasional allergic reactions. The risks of using it is almost zero. However, it is important to treat the cause of the problem or the symptoms will continue recurring.

    Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.


  • Slippery Elm Herbal Products




    Mountain Rose Herbs: Slippery Elm Bark, Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Slippery Elm Bark Capsules, Certified Organic, 425 mg, 100 Caps
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Slippery Elm Extract, Certified Organic, Single Herbal Extracts & Tinctures


    Starwest Botanicals: Slippery Elm Bark, Cotton Cut, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Slippery Elm Bark Capsules, Organic, 440 mg, 100 Caps
    Starwest Botanicals: Slippery Elm Bark Capsules, Organic, 440 mg, 500 Caps


    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb. (71373)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Unflavored, Planetary Herbals, 24 Lozenges (80163)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Tangerine, Planetary Herbals, 24 Lozenges (81141)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Thayers, 42 Lozenges (19240)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Thayers, 42 Lozenges (19246)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Maple, Thayers, 42 Lozenges (104742)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Unflavored, Planetary Herbals, 100 Lozenges (80164)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Tangerine, Planetary Herbals, 100 Lozenges (81142)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Sugar Free Cherry, Thayers, 100 Lozenges (19242)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Thayers, Cherry Flavor, 150 Lozenges (19241)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Thayers, Plain Original Flavor, 150 Lozenges (19245)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Thayers, Tangerine Flavor With Rose Hips, 150 Lozenges (19247)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Planetary Herbals, Unflavored, 200 Lozenges (80165)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Planetary Herbals, Tangerine Flavor, 200 Lozenges (81143)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Lozenges, Planetary Herbals, Strawberry Flavor, 200 Lozenges (81146)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Inner Bark Extract, Gaia Herbs, 1 fl. oz. (91018)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Extract, Eclectic Institute Inc, 1 fl. oz. (32121)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Extract, Eclectic Institute Inc, 2 fl. oz. (76286)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark, Natures Answer, 90 Caps (35334)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Single Herb, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 100 VCaps (39723)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark, Natures Herbs, 340 mg, 100 Caps (17643)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark, Natures Way, 370 mg, 100 Caps (18089)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark, Now Foods, 400 mg, 100 Caps (68730)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Now Foods, 2 oz. (17328)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Heritage Products, 4 oz. (81949)
    HerbsPro: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Now Foods, 4 oz. (68731)


    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark Extract (Ulmus fulva), Starwest Botanicals, 1 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Inner Bark Extract, Natures Answer, 2 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Extract (Ulmus fulva), Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Extract (Ulmus fulva), Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Extract (Ulmus fulva), Health & Herbs, 32 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges, Cherry Flavor, 42 Lozenges (Case of 10): HF
    Kalyx: Cherry Flavored Slippery Elm Throat Lozenges, Thayers, 100 count: K
    Kalyx: Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges, Cherry Flavor, 150 mg, 100 Lozenges: HF
    Naturally tangy and sweet, Slippery Elm Cherry Lozenges are a delightful balm for irritated throats and hoarse voices. Still The Throat’s Best Friend. Nicer Than Ever To The Teeth. Thayers Sugar-Free Slippery Elm Lozenges are a naturally sweet alternative that provides the same healing effects for the throat and mouth. Sugar-Free. Sweet! Soothes and heals. Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges have been providing relief to singers, speakers, salespeople and other vocalizers since 1847. Made from the inner bark of the Slippery Elm tree (ulmus fulva), these dependable demulcents soothe the tissues of the mouth and throat and restore the voice without the dulling effects of menthol. Try them and you will soon be singing their praises. Trusted by tenors, teachers, tour guides and other types who trill, talk and testify, Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges speed relief to the throat and mouth. They are also free of preservatives, gluten, lactose and sodium, making them the all-vegetable remedy of choice for vegan vocalists. Dissolve one in your mouth before you sing, talk or use your voice; take another one afterward to soothe the membranes and heal any oral abrasions.
    Kalyx: Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges, Tangerine Flavor, 150 mg, 150 Lozenges: HF
    Rose Hips and Vitamin C, Natural Tangerine Flavor, Nature's Tangerine Demulcent For temporary relief of minor discomfort and protection of irritated areas in sore mouth and sore throat. Free Of Sodium, preservative, gluten, lactose, and menthol. Not tested on animals.
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Throat Lozenges, Tangerine Flavor with Rosehips, Thayers, 150 mg, 150 count: K
    Slippery Elm Bark, (150 mg), Rose Hips (20 mg), Vitamin C (15 mg) Ascorbic Acid, natural tangerine flavor in a soothing base of a natural plant derived sweetener derived from corn, with vegetable stearate as a binder. Sodium-Free, Preservative Free, Wheat-Free, Menthol-Free, Gluten-Free. Not tested on animals.
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Throat Lozenges, Original Flavor, Thayers, 150 mg, 150 count: K
    Soothes, heals, and coats to protect the tissues of the throat and mouth. The original formula was first created in 1847 for Opera Singers. These gentle all natural oral demulcents are for temporary relief of minor discomfort and protection of irritated areas in sore mouths and throats. Most cough drops use menthol to dull throat pain. Singers do not like menthol since it causes the temporary loss of control of their vocal chords. The Slippery Elm tree (ulmus fulva) grows in the eastern part of the United States and Canada. The part of the tree that is used for medicinal purposes is the inner bark. The inner bark is ground into a powder and then combined with a crystalline substance to form a throat lozenge. It is recognized by the U.S. Pharmacopeia and the F.D.A. as an effective treatment to soothe inflamed mucous membranes in the mouth and throat. Slippery Elm lozenges is a soothing nutritive demulcent which is perfectly suited for sensitive or inflamed mucous membrane linings in the digestive system.
    Kalyx: Thayers Slippery Elm Lozenges, Original Flavor, Sugar Free, 150 mg, 100 Count: HF
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark, Natures Answer, 350 mg, 90 VCaps: HF
    Promotes Gastrointestinal Health Single Herb Supplement Slippery Elm bark (Ulmus rubra), high in mucilage, has been used traditionally as a demulcent to soothe mucous membranes, especially in the gastrointestinal tract. Recommended daily dose 3 Capsules (1050 mg).
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 440 mg, 500 VCaps: C
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark (Ulmus fulva; Ulmus rubra), Cut & Sifted, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 4 oz: C
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark, Cut & Sifted, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Starwest Botanicals, Wildcrafted, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): EB


    Amazon: Slippery Elm Herbal Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Slippery Elm Herbal Information

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