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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
RED CLOVER

Purple Clover, Meadow Clover
(Trifolium Pratense)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Red Clover Herbal Description
  • Red Clover Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Red Clover Dosage Information
  • Red Clover Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Red Clover Herbal Supplements & Products




  • red clover plants


    RED CLOVER HERBAL DESCRIPTION

    AN HERBAL BLOOD PURIFIER

    Red Clover is also known as Trifolium pratense, Clover, Cow Clover, Meadow Clover, Purple Clover, Trefoil, Wild Clover. Other names associated with Red Clover include Beebread, Clovone, Daidzein, Genistein, Isoflavone, Miel des Pres, Phytoestrogen, Trebol Rojo, Trefle Commun, Trefle des Pres, Trefle Pourpre, Trefle Rouge, Trefle Rougeatre, Trefle Violet.

    Red clover is a perennial plant that grows wild in meadows throughout Europe, Australia, Asia, and northern Africa. It has now been naturalized to grow in North America. The flower head, which ranges from pink to purple or red, at the endo of the branched stems is the part of the plant usually dried and used for therapeutic use in herbal remedies.

    Red clover is a wild plant belonging to the legume family. It has been cultivated since ancient times, primarily to provide a favorite grazing food for Cattle and other animals. Like many other herbs, Red Clover is also a valued herbal remedy that has been used medicinally to treat a number of conditions including whooping cough, respiratory problems, and skin inflammations, such as psoriasis and eczema. Although it has been used for many purposes worldwide, the one condition most consistently associated with red clover is cancer. Chinese physicians and Russian folk healers also used it to treat respiratory problems.

    Health care practitioners believe that red clover "purified" the blood by acting as a diuretic (helping the body get rid of excess fluid) and expectorant (helping clear lungs of mucous), improving circulation, and helping cleanse the liver. In the nineteenth century, red clover became popular among herbalists as an "alternative" or "blood purifier." This medical term, long since defunct, refers to an ancient belief that toxins in the blood are the root cause of many illnesses. Cancer, eczema, and the eruptions of venereal disease were all seen as manifestations of toxic buildup. Red clover was considered one of the best herbs to "purify" the blood. For this reason, it is included in many of the famous treatments for cancer, including Jason Winter's cancer-cure tea.

    Recently, special red clover extracts high in substances called isoflavones have arrived on the market. Modern scientific tests have shown that red clover contains isoflavones, plant-based chemicals that produce estrogen like effects in the body. Isoflavones have shown potential in the treatment of a number of conditions associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, cardiovascular health, and osteoporosis. For this reason they are called phytoestrogens ("phyto" indicates a plant source). The major isoflavones in red clover include genistein and daidzen, also found in soy, as well as formononetin and biochanin. However, as researchers have become aware of the side effects of taking estrogen, there is also some concern about the safety of isoflavones. Plus, evidence that red clover helps reduce any menopausal symptoms -- like hot flashes -- is mixed.





    red clover leaf


    RED CLOVER USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS

    Red clover is a plant. The flower tops are used to make medicine. Red clover can be a tasty and healthy addition to tea and even some meals. However it can cause some clotting and other issues and needs to be used somewhat cautiously as a herbal remedy. Red clover is a source of many nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Red clover is a rich source of isoflavones (chemicals that act like estrogens and are found in many plants).

    Although there is no available clinical evidence at this time that Red Clover can help in preventing or treating those with cancer, its use as a cancer therapy in many parts of the world has prompted scientists to take a closer look at this herb. It is also used to treat menopausal symptoms. This herb works well in treating bronchitis, asthma, and spasmodic coughs. Red Clover is also used to treat acne, eczema, abscesses, psoriasis, insect bites, stings, and other skin diseases. In a compress it works well in treating arthritis pains and gout. As an eyewash, Red Clover herb can be used to treat conjunctivitis. The herb is an ingredient in the Hoxsey formula, Jason Winters' Tea, and Essiac Tea, which are common herbal remedies.

    MENOPAUSE

    Researchers think that isoflavones, like those found in red clover, might help reduce symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes and night sweats, because of their estrogen-like effects. So far studies have not been conclusive. Several studies of a proprietary extract of red clover isoflavones suggest that it may significantly reduce hot flashes in menopausal women. The largest study, however, showed no such effect.

    Some of its extracts (isoflavones) are being tested to determine whether they help symptoms of menopause or reduce the level of bad cholesterol in the blood. So far, results are mixed. Proponents claim that red clover is useful for relieving menopausal symptoms because it contains chemicals that are similar to the hormone estrogen. Scientists have identified phytoestrogens (estrogen-like substances from plants) called isoflavones, mainly biochanin and formononetin, in red clover. These 2 are precursors of the isoflavones daidzein and genistein, which are found in smaller amounts in red clover and also in soy.

    In a small clinical study, researchers concluded that a diet supplemented with red clover sprouts and other plants that contain phytoestrogens may reduce the severity of menopausal symptoms. However, this needs to be confirmed in other studies before red clover can be routinely recommended. Studies of commercial red clover isoflavone supplements for relief of menopausal symptoms have shown conflicting results, although most (including the largest study) found no reduction of hot flashes and no improvement in relevant quality of life measures.

    For menopausal hot flashes, a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done consisting of 30 post-menopausal women, use of red clover isoflavones at a dose of 80 mg daily significantly reduced hot flash symptoms as compared to placebo. Benefits were also seen in a 90-day study of 60 post-menopausal women given placebo or 80 mg of red clover isoflavones. However, a much larger study (252 participants) failed to find benefit with 82 or 57 mg of red clover isoflavones daily.

    Two other studies also failed to find benefit. One, a 28-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study of 51 post-menopausal women, found no reduction in hot flashes among those given 40 mg of red clover isoflavones daily. No benefits were seen in another double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, which involved 37 women given isoflavones from red clover at a dose of either 40 or 160 mg daily.

    OSTEOPOROSIS

    Preliminary evidence suggests that red clover isoflavones may help prevent or treat osteoporosis. As estrogen levels drop during menopause, a woman's risk for developing osteoporosis (significant bone loss) goes up. A few studies suggest that a proprietary extract of red clover isoflavones may slow bone loss and even boost bone mineral density in pre and perimenopausal women. But the evidence is preliminary, and more research is needed.

    CANCER PREVENTION & TREATMENT

    Based on its traditional use for cancer, researchers have begun to study the role of isoflavones from red clover in cancer prevention and treatment. Preliminary evidence suggests these isoflavones may stop cancer cells from growing or kill cancer cells in test tubes. Researchers theorize that red clover may help prevent some forms of cancer, such as prostate and endometrial cancer, because of the herb's estrogen-like effects, it might also contribute to the growth of some cancers, just as estrogen does. Until further research is done, conventional health practitioners cannot recommend red clover to prevent cancer. Women with a history of breast cancer should not take red clover.

    BREAST & ENDOMETRIAL CANCERS

    Other supporters claim that red clover is effective for treating cancers of the breast, ovaries, and lymphatic system, although available scientific evidence does not support this. Most studies suggest that long-term use (10 years or more) of estrogen replacement therapy after menopause may increase the risk of heart disease and breast and endometrial cancers. Scientists are looking for estrogen alternatives that do not increase these risks, and phytoestrogens from red clover have been targeted for research.

    A small and poorly reported double-blind, placebo-controlled study provides weak evidence that red clover isoflavones might be helpful for cyclic mastalgia.

    PROSTATE ENLARGEMENT & CANCER

    Studies looking at the extracts’ effectiveness against prostate enlargement and prostate cancer have begun. One group of Australian researchers gave red clover isoflavonoids to 20 men with prostate cancer before they had prostatectomies (surgery to remove the prostate). The men who had received flavonoids appeared to have more cancer cells that were dying in their surgically removed prostate tissue. This was a very small study, without a placebo group, and it did not compare survival, quality of life, or symptoms. How this might affect treatment is not yet known. Further studies are needed.

    CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH

    Researchers are looking at whether Red Clover will help blood pressure and other heart related disorders. Researchers theorize that red clover might help protect against heart disease, but studies in humans have not found strong evidence. Red clover isoflavones have been associated with an increase in "good" HDL cholesterol in pre and postmenopausal women, but other studies show conflicting results.

    One study found that menopausal women taking red clover supplements had stronger, more flexible arteries (called arterial compliance), which can help prevent heart disease. Red clover may also have blood-thinning properties, which keeps blood clots from forming. It appears to improve blood flow.

    One very small double-blind study found hints that red clover isoflavones might slightly improve blood pressure in post-menopausal women with diabetes.

    Several studies of isoflavone extracts from red clover have since shown mixed results on heart disease risk factors such as cholesterol and triglycerides. For example, in a 2005 study, sixty post-menopausal women taking red clover isoflavones had slightly lower triglyceride levels and fewer menopausal symptoms than those on placebo. No significant difference in LDL, or "bad," cholesterol was noted.

    An Australian study looked at both men and women taking enriched red clover isoflavones. One supplement was enriched with the phytoestrogens formononetin and the other with biochanin. These were compared with placebo for six weeks. The men receiving the biochanin-enriched supplement had somewhat lower levels of LDL cholesterol, but the women did not.

    Although soy and, possibly, soy isoflavones have been found to reduce cholesterol levels, two trials enrolling a total of more than 100 women failed to find red clover isoflavones helpful for this purpose. However, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled comparative study of 80 people (both men and women), a red clover extract modified to be rich in biochanin did reduce LDL ("bad") cholesterol, while one enriched in formononetin did not.

    BLOOD THINNING PROPERTIES

    According to some practitioners, people who take prescription blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin (Coumadin), may be able to reduce their dosage by taking red clover supplements. It may also increase the risk of excessive bleeding in some people. Low levels of anti-coagulant, or blood-thinning, chemicals called coumarins are also present in red clover. These substances have been identified in the plant, however, most of the claims made for the herb have not been verified in humans through randomized clinical trials.

    SKIN HEALTH

    Traditionally, red clover ointments have been applied to the skin to treat psoriasis, eczema, and other rashes. Red clover is sometimes recommended for the treatment of acne, eczema, psoriasis, and other skin diseases. Some believe that red clover preparations can be used to help speed wound healing and ease chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis.

    OTHER BENEFITS

  • A few claim that the herb acts as an antibiotic, an appetite suppressant, and a relaxant.
  • Red clover also has a history of use as a cough remedy for children. Claims are that the herb suppresses coughs, particularly whooping cough. Red clover has been used traditionally as a short-term cough remedy for children. Products containing isolated red clover isoflavones are very different than the whole herb, however, and are not recommended for children. Do not give a child red clover without talking to your pediatrician first.
  • More recently, studies have shown that women using red clover may also experience psychological benefits. In a 6-month, double-blind study, use of red clover isoflavones failed to enhance or harm mental function.





  • red clover blossoms


    RED CLOVER DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENT FORMS

    The appropriate dose of red clover depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. Red Clover comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. Red clover can be ingest in a number of ways. Red clover supplements are available as teas, tablets, capsules, tinctures, or in liquid extract forms. Extracts may be standardized to specific isoflavone contents. Dried red clover can be brewed into a tea. Dried red clover can also be made into a tea and either drunk or used as a wash. It also comes in cream, lotion, or prepared as an ointment for topical application use on the skin and is sometimes used in cosmetics and soaps.

    Practitioners generally use a daily dosage of about 4 grams of dried red clover, or 1.5 to 3.0 milliliters of liquid extract. Due to lack of long-term studies, self-treatment should not exceed 3 to 6 months without the supervision of a health care provider. Dose may vary from person to person. Read and follow products label directions.

    Herbal Tea: you may drink several cups of red clover tea in a few times a week for general purposes. Drink several cups daily for two to ten weeks for a medicinal effect. For a tea, take 1 cup of boiling water and add 1 to 3 teaspoons of dried flowers or flowering tops. Steep in hot wter for 30 minutes. Drink 2 to 3 cups daily.

    Capsules: In capsule form take powdered dry herb 2 to 4 grams a day.

    Tablets: Take 40 to 160 mg daily, or 28 to 85 mg of red clover isoflavones daily.

    Tincture: A 1:5 30% Alcohol, take 60 to 100 drops (2 to 4 ml or 1 to 2 teaspoons), three times daily. May be added to hot water as a tea.

    Fluid Extract: A 1:1 preparation. Take 1 ml to 3 ml, three times daily (5 ml is equal to one teaspoon, so this would be around 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of the liquid. May add to hot water as a tea. The liquid extract can be rubbed directly on skin or applied with a compress. A typical dosage of red clover extract provides 40 to 160 mg of isoflavones daily. In the positive study described above, 80 mg daily were sufficient to reduce menopausal hot flashes.

    Standardized red clover isoflavone extracts: directions on product labels should be carefully followed.

    Topical treatment (such as for psoriasis or eczema): an infusion, liquid extract, or ointment containing 10 to 15-percent flowerheads; apply as needed unless irritation develops. Do not apply to an open wound without a health practitioner's supervision.
    Although some red clover isoflavones are being studied for a variety of conditions, it is important to remember that extracts of red clover isoflavones are very different from the whole herb. In fact, they represent only a small, highly concentrated part of the entire herb.

    For other formulations, read and follow product label directions.





    RED CLOVER SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

    SAFETY CONCERNS

    Red clover is on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list. It is included in many beverage teas and health drinks. However, detailed safety studies have not been performed. Concentrated extracts of Red Clover from the raw herb; however, may possess danger not present in beverage teas.

    On the whole, Red Clover is considered very safe and little effect. Occasional gas msy be noticed from drinking the tea. Red clover seems safe for most people. It can cause rash-like reactions, muscle ache, headache, nausea, and vaginal bleeding (spotting) in some women. Those with abnormally low platelet coounts, those using anticoagulant drugs, and those with clotting defects should avoid red clover preparations. Do not consume red clover before surgery or childbirth as it may impair the ability of the blood to clot. Red clover is believed to promote the growth of uterine fibroids in sheep, but whether this is true for humans is unknown. Do not take red clover if:
    • You are pregnant or breast-feeding.
    • You have a bleeding disorder.
    • You have breast cancer.
    • You have uterine cancer.
    • You have ovarian cancer.
    • You have endometriosis.
    • You have uterine fibroids.
    • You have a condition called protein S deficiency.
    • You are scheduled for surgery in the next two weeks. Red clover might increase the risk of bleeding.

    BLOOD THINNERS

    Based on their constituents, red clover extracts may conceivably interfere with anticoagulant drugs. If you are taking blood-thinning drugs such as Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, Trental, or even aspirin, you should consult first with your health care provider before using Red Clover. Patients with bleeding problems or who are taking anticoagulant medications, including aspirin, may want to avoid Red Clover because of the slight chance it could increase the risk of serious bleeding. In addition, since the amount of the blood-thinning chemical coumarin in red clover varies, it cannot be relied on to produce the same effect even when the same dose is taken.

    HORMONE RELATED HEALTH CONCERNS

    Based on their constituents, Red Clover extracts may conceivably interfere with hormone treatments. If you are taking hormones such as oral contraceptives, you should consult first with your health care provider before using Red Clover. Red clover contains isoflavones which are changed in the body to phytoestrogens that are similar to the hormone estrogen. There is some concern that red clover may stimulate cancers that are fed by estrogen, such as some breast and uterine cancers. Until more is known, it may be best for those with hormonally influenced cancers or uterine fibroids to avoid red clover.

    Women who have had estrogen receptor-positive cancers or who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not use this herb. No reports of toxicity or overdose from red clover were found in the available medical literature, although those who are allergic to clover should avoid it. Relying on this type of treatment alone and avoiding or delaying conventional medical care for cancer may have serious health consequences.

    A study investigating the safety of red clover in women with a family history of breast cancer found no changes in breast density or thickness of the uterine lining over a three-year period, which is somewhat reassuring. 17 However, the study was much too short to determine red clover's long-term effect on cancer risk.

    One double-blind study of post-menopausal women found the use of red clover isoflavones at a dose of 80 mg daily for 90 days resulted in increased levels of testosterone. The potential significance of this is unclear. The same study found that red clover isoflavones reduced the thickness of the uterine lining, a finding that suggests low possibility for endometrial cancer.

    PREGNANCY

    Due to its estrogen-like and blood-thinning constituents, this herb should not be used by pregnant or nursing women, or women who have had breast or uterine cancer.

    OTHER SAFETY CONCERNS

    Safety in young children or those with severe liver or kidney disease has also not been established.

    Additional potential interactions between red clover and other drugs and herbs should be considered. Always tell your health care provider and pharmacist about any herbs you are taking. Fermented Red Clover is not safe to use.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS & ADVERSE REACTIONS

    BIRTH CONTROL PILLS (CONTRACEPTIVE DRUGS

    Red clover may increase the effects of estrogen. A moderate interaction rating, be cautious with this combination. Discuss using Red Clover with your health care provider before using. Some birth control pills contain estrogen. Red clover might have some of the same effects as estrogen. But red clover is not as strong as the estrogen in birth control pills. Taking red clover along with birth control pills might decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills. If you take birth control pills along with red clover, use an additional form of birth control such as a condom. Some birth control pills include ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Triphasil), ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7), and others.

    ESTROGENS

    Red clover may increase the effects of estrogen. A moderate interaction rating, be cautious with this combination. Discuss using Red Clover with your health care provider before using. Large amounts of red clover might have some of the same effects as estrogen. But red clover is not as strong as estrogen pills. Taking red clover along with estrogen pills might decrease the effects of estrogen pills. Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.

    MEDICATIONS CHANGED BY THE LIVER

    Red clover may interfere with the body's ability to process some drugs that are broken down by liver enzymes. A moderate interaction rating, be cautious with this combination. Discuss using Red Clover with your health care provider before using. Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Red clover might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking red clover along with some medications that are broken down by the liver can increase the effects and side effects of some medications. Before taking red clover, talk to your healthcare provider if you take any medications that are changed by the liver.

  • Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) Substrates: Some medications that are changed by the liver include amitriptyline (Elavil), haloperidol (Haldol), ondansetron (Zofran), propranolol (Inderal), theophylline (Theo-Dur, others), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, others), and others.
  • Cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) Substrates: Some medications that are changed by the liver include omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), and pantoprazole (Protonix); diazepam (Valium); carisoprodol (Soma); nelfinavir (Viracept); and others.
  • Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) Substrates): Some medications that are changed by the liver include diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren), ibuprofen (Motrin), meloxicam (Mobic), and piroxicam (Feldene); celecoxib (Celebrex); amitriptyline (Elavil); warfarin (Coumadin); glipizide (Glucotrol); losartan (Cozaar); and others.
  • Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) Substrates: Some medications changed by the liver include lovastatin (Mevacor), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), fexofenadine (Allegra), triazolam (Halcion), and many others.


  • MEDICATIONS THAT SLOW BLOOD CLOTTING (ANTICOAGULANT - ANTIPLATELET DRUGS)

    Moderate interaction rating, be cautious with this combination. Discuss using Red Clover with your health care provider before using. Large amounts of red clover might slow blood clotting. Taking red clover along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

    TAMOXIFEN (NOLVADEX) CANCER TREATMENT DRUGS

    Red Clover may interfere with tamoxifen. Moderate interaction rating, be cautious with this combination. Discuss using Red Clover with your health care provider before using. Some types of cancerS are affected by hormones in the body. Estrogen-sensitive cancers are cancers that are affected by estrogen levels in the body. Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) is used to help treat and prevent these types of cancer. Red clover seems to also affect estrogen levels in the body. By affecting estrogen in the body, red clover might decrease the effectiveness of tamoxifen (Nolvadex). Do not take red clover if you are taking tamoxifen (Nolvadex).

    HERBS & SUPPLEMENTS

    Red Clover may enhance the effects of these herbs and supplements: Ginkgo, Ginger, Garlic, and Vitamin E).

    SUPPORTING RESEARCH

  • Baber R, Bligh PC, Fulcher G, et al. The effect of an Isoflavone dietary supplement (P-081) on serum lipids, forearm bone density & endometrial thickness in post menopausal women [abstract]. Menopause. 1999a;6:326.
  • Baber RJ, Templeman C, Morton T, et al. Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of an isoflavone supplement and menopausal symptoms in women. Climacteric. 1999b;2(2):85-92.
  • Cassady JM, Zennie TM, Young-Heum C, et al. Use of a mammalian cell culture benzo(a)pyrene metabolism assay for the detection of potential anticarcinogens from natural products: Inhibition of metabolism by biochanin A, anisoflavone from Trifolium pratense L. Cancer Res. 1988;48:6257-6261.
  • Chedraui P, San Miguel G, Hidalgo L, Morocho N, Ross S. Effect of Trifolium pratense-derived isoflavones on the lipid profile of postmenopausal women with increased body mass index. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2008 Nov;24(11):620-4.
  • DerMarderosian A, ed. Red Clover. In: Facts and Comparisons The Review of Natural Products. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008
  • Duke JA. CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press, Inc.; 2000:614.
  • Geller SE, Studee L. Soy and red clover for mid-life and aging. Climacteric. 2006 Aug;9(4):245-63.
  • Heck AM, DeWitt BA, Lukes AL. Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2000;57(13):1221-1227.
  • Howes JB, Sullivan D, Lai N. The effects of dietary supplementation with isoflavones from red clover on the lipoprotein profiles of postmenopausal women with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia. Atherosclerosis. 2000;152(1):143-147.
  • Husband A. Red clover isoflavone supplements: safety and pharmacokinetics. Journal of the British Menopause Society. 2001;Supplement S1:4-7.
  • Jeri AR. The effect of isoflavones phytoestrogens in relieving hot flushes in Peruvian postmenopausal women. Paper presented at: 9th International Menopause Society World Congress on the Menopause; October 20, 1999; Yokahama, Japan.
  • Kuhn MA, Winston D. Herbal Therapy and Supplements. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott; 2008:365-369.
  • Lipovac M, Chedraui P, Gruenhut C, et al. The effect of red clover isoflavone supplementation over vasomotor and menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2012; 28(3):203-7.
  • Mannella P, Tosi V, Russo E, et al. Effects of red clover extracts on breast cancer cell migration and invasion. Gynecol endocrinol. 2012; 28(1):29-33.
  • McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, et al. Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press LLC; 1997: 117.
  • Mueller M, Jungbauer A. Red clover extract: a putative source for simultaneous treatment of menopausal disorders and the metabolic syndrome. Menopause. 2008 Nov-Dec;15(6):1120-31.
  • Nachtigall LE. Isoflavones in the management of menopause. Journal of the British Menopause Society. 2001;Supplement S1:8-12.
  • Nestel PJ, Pomeroy S, Kay S, et al. Isoflavones from red clover improve systemic arterial compliance but not plasma lipids in menopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999;84(3):895-898.
  • North American Menopause Society (NAMS). The role of isoflavones in menopausal health: consensus opinion of the North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2000;7(4):215-229.
  • Occhiuto F, Pasquale RD, Guglielmo G, Palumbo DR, Zangla G, Samperi S, Renzo A, Circosta C. Effects of phytoestrogenic isoflavones from red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) on experimental osteoporosis. Phytother Res. 2007 Feb;21(2):130-4.
  • Panay N. Taking an integrated approach: managing women with phytoestrogens. Climacteric. 2011; 14(2):2-7.
  • Powles TJ, Howell A, Evans DG, McCloskey EV, Ashley S, Greenhalgh R, Affen J, Flook LA, Tidy A. Red clover isoflavones are safe and well tolerated in women with a family history of breast cancer. Menopause Int. 2008 Mar;14(1):6-12.
  • Rakel: Integrative Medicine, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier, Inc. 2007.
  • Stephens FO. Phytoestrogens and prostate cancer: possible preventive role. MJA. 1997;167:138-140.
  • Umland EM. Treatment strategies for reducing the burden of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms. J Manag Care Pharm. 2008 Apr;14(3 Suppl):14-9. Review.
  • Woodside JV, Campbell MJ. Isoflavones and breast cancer. Journal of the British Menopause Society. 2001;Supplement S1:17-21.
  • Wuttke W, Rimoldi G, Christoffel J, Seidlova-Wuttke D. Plant extracts for the treatment of menopausal women: Safe? Maturitas. 2006 Nov 1;55 Suppl 1:S92-S100. Epub 2006 Aug 8.
  • Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998;217(3):369-378.





  • RED CLOVER HERBAL PRODUCTS

  • Red Clover Herbal Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS



    RED CLOVER HERBAL PRODUCTS

    There is no evidence that Red Clover can help those with cancer; however, its use as a cancer therapy in many parts of the world has prompted scientists to take a closer look at this herb. It is also used to treat menopausal symptoms. This herb works well in treating bronchitis, asthma, and spasmodic coughs. Red Clover is also used to treat acne, eczema, abscesses, psoriasis, insect bites, stings, and other skin diseases. In a compress it works well in treating arthritis pains and gout. As an eyewash, Red Clover herb can be used to treat conjunctivitis. Red Clover comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. For a tea, take 1 cup of boiling water to 2 to 3 teaspoons of dried flowers. Drink 3 cups a day. In capsule of tablet form take 2 to 4 grams a day. In using a tincture use 2 to 4 ml 3 times a day. For other formulations, read and follow product label directions.

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Red Clover Herb (Trifolium Pratense), Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Red Clover Blossoms, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Red Clover Sprouting Seed, Certified Organic Spouting Seeds
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Red Clover Flowers Extract, Certified Organic, Single Herbal Extracts & Tinctures
    Extracte from whole fresh red clover (trifolium pratense) blossoms 1:2.


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossoms, Whole, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossoms, Cut & Sifted, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossoms, Whole, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossom Powder, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossom Powder, Wildcrafted, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Sprouting Seeds, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Extract, Organic, 1 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Extract, Organic, 4 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossom, Organic, 340 mg, 100 Caps
    Starwest Botanicals: Red Clover Blossom, Organic, 340 mg, 500 Caps
    Starwest Botanicals: Healthy Fasting - Red Clover Blend Tea, Yogi Teas, 16 Tea Bags


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Red Clover Combination, Cut & Sifted, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 16 oz. (104576)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Combination Powder, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 16 oz. (104582)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Now Foods, 450 mg, 100 Caps (68656)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Leaf Extract, Eternal Woman, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 30 Tabs (20966)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Leaf Extract, Eternal Woman, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (20967)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Leaf Extract, Source Naturals, 30 Tabs (3846)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Eclectic Institute Inc, 45 Caps (938)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Eclectic Institute Inc, 50 Caps (32094)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Leaf Extract, Source Naturals, 60 Tabs (3847)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Standardized, Natures Answer, 60 VCaps (35322)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Leaf Extract, Solgar SFP, 60 VCaps (36718)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Cleanser, Planetary Herbals, 72 Tabs (5579)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Tops, Natures Answer, 90 Caps (35321)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Eclectic Institute Inc, 90 Caps (934)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover, Natures Herbs, 100 Caps (17618)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Blossom, Natures Way, 100 Caps (18053)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Combination, Natures Way, 100 Caps (18054)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Enzymes, Jason Winters, 100 Tabs (16196)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Cleanser, Planetary Herbals, 150 Tabs (5578)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (31328)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Eclectic Institute, 1 fl. oz (2552)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Supreme Extract, Gaia Herbs, 1 fl. oz. (91160)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Supreme Extract, Gaia Herbs Hoxsey, 1 fl. oz. (91137)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Organic, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz. (17303)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Alcohol Free, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz. (17302)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Eclectic Institute, 2 fl. oz. (32095)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover SupremeExtract, Gaia Herbs Hoxsey, 2 fl. oz. (91138)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Now Foods, 2 fl. oz. (68657)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz. (32330)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Supreme Extract, Gaia Herbs, 4 fl. oz. (91162)
    HerbsPro: Red Clover Supreme Extract, Gaia Herbs Hoxsey, 4 fl. oz. (91139)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Red Clover Blossoms & Herb, Natures Way, 430 mg, 100 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Red Clover Extract, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl. oz.: C
    Kalyx: Red Clover Blossom Whole (Trifolium pratense), Certified Organic, Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb.: K
    Kalyx: Red Clover Blossom Powder (Trifolium pratense), Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.: C
    Kalyx: Red Clover Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.: HH
    Kalyx: Red Clover Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.: HH


    DELICIOUS RED CLOVER TEA

  • Red Clover Blossoms
  • Lemon
  • Honey
  • Fresh Mint Leaves & Dandelion Leaves


  • Put the fresh or dried blossoms and leaves, with or without the mint and dandelion, into a 2-cup earthenware teapot. Fill teapot with boiling water, cover, and infuse for 5 to 10 minutes over very low heat. Strain into a hot cup, add a twist of lemon and sweeten with honey.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Red Clover Herbal Supplements Products
    Amazon: Red Clover Herbal Grocery & Gourmet Food Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Red Clover Herbal Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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