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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
CELERY
Cerery Seed, Celery Seed Essential Oil

(Apium graveolens)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Celery & Celery Seed Herbal Description
  • Celery Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Celery Dosage Information
  • Celery Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Celery Supplements & Products




  • celery plant


    CELERY & CELERY SEED HERBAL DESCRIPTION

    Celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce) is also known as Apium graveolens, Marsh Parsley, Smallage, Wild Celery, Aches des Marais, Ajamoda, Apii Frutus, Celery Fruit, Celery Seed, Smallage, Selleriefruchte, and Selleriesamen.

    Celery is found in Europe, from England and Lapland to southern Russia; in western Asia as Far East as India; in Africa and South America. It still grows wild, as well as being cultivated, in parts of North America, Mexico, and Argentina. It is said by some, that celery is native to Britain, despite its being known in Egypt and China for thousands of years before it reached Europe.

    The common celery of today is a cultivated descendant of the wild celery, which was highly valued by ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Chinese both as food flavoring and as a medicine. Records show its cultivation for at least 3,000 years, notably in the times of Pharaohs in Egypt, as well as China in the 5th century BC. It was associated with funerals and bad luck, and woven garlands of wild celery were often found in Egyptian tombs. The Greeks and Romans called it "smallage" and harvested it in the wild for its medicinal properties. The Romans used it more for cooking. The Romans wore a wreath of celery around their heads to ease a hangover. The celery used in herbal medicine is a close relative of the celery you can buy in the market. When it was finally grown and harvested in the Middle Ages it was found to be a wonderful vegetable to add to the dinner table.

    Celery is a plant variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable. The plants are raised from seed, sown either in a hot bed or in the open garden according to the season of the year, and, after one or two thinnings and transplantings, they are, on attaining a height of 15 to 20 cm, planted out in deep trenches for convenience of blanching, which is effected by earthing up to exclude light from the stems. The plant grows to 1 meter (3.3 feet) tall. The leaves are pinnate to bipinnate leaves with rhombic leaflets 3 to 6 cm long and 2 to 4 cm broad. The flowers are creamy-white, 2 to 3 mm in diameter, and are produced in dense compound umbels. The seeds are broad ovoid to globose, 1.5 to 2 mm long and wide. In the past, celery was grown as a vegetable for winter and early spring; it was perceived as a cleansing tonic, welcomed to counter the salt-sickness of a winter diet. By the 19th century, the season for celery had been extended, to last from the beginning of September to late in April.\

    The fruit or "seed" is grayish green to brown with a, slightly bitter, spicy taste. It was not until the 19th century that the seeds were used as a spice in recipes and pickling. Too much celery seed can overpower a dish, a little brings out flavors in other foods. Celery seed is used in pickles, casseroles, and in the drink; Bloody Mary.

    celery cross section


    CULTIVATION, HARVESTING & STORAGE

    In North America, commercial production of celery is dominated by the varieties called Pascal celery. Gardeners can grow a range of cultivars, many of which differ little from the wild species, mainly in having stouter leaf stems. They are ranged under two classes, white and red. The stalks grow in tight, straight, parallel bunches, and are typically marketed fresh that way, without roots and just a little green leaf remaining. In Europe the dominant variety of celery most commonly available in trade is Celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum) grown for its hypocotyl forming a large bulb (commonly but incorrectly called celery root). The leaves are used as seasoning, and the stalks find only marginal use.

    The wild form of celery (smallage) has a furrowed stalk with wedge-shaped leaves, the whole plant having a coarse, earthy taste, and a distinctive smell. The stalks are not usually eaten (except in soups or stews in French cuisine), but the leaves may be used in salads, and its seeds are those sold as a spice. With cultivation and blanching, the stalks lose their acidic qualities and assume the mild, sweetish, aromatic taste particular to celery as a salad plant.

    Harvesting occurs when the average size of celery in a field is marketable; due to extremely uniform crop growth, fields are harvested only once. The petioles and leaves are removed and harvested; celery is packed by size and quality (determined by colour, shape, straightness and thickness of petiole, stalk and midrib length and absence of disease, cracks, splits, insect damage and rot). Under optimal conditions, celery can be stored for up to seven weeks between 32 to 36°F. Inner stalks may continue growing if kept at temperatures above 32°F. Freshly cut petioles of celery are prone to decay, which can be prevented or reduced through the use of sharp blades during processing, gentle handling, and proper sanitation.

    In the past, restaurants used to store celery in a container of water with powdered vegetable preservative, but it was found that the sulfites in the preservative caused allergic reactions in some people. In 1986, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned the use of sulfites on fruits and vegetables intended to be eaten raw.





    celery seed


    CELERY USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Celery is used around the world as a vegetable for the crisp petiole (leaf stalk). The leaves are strongly flavored and are used less often, either as a flavoring in soups and stews or as a dried herb. Celery, onions, and bell peppers are the "holy trinity" of Louisiana Creole and Cajun cuisine. Celery, onions, and carrots make up the French mirepoix, often used as a base for sauces and soups. Celery is a staple in many soups, such as chicken noodle soup.

    In temperate countries, celery is also grown for its seeds. Actually very small fruit, these "seeds" yield a valuable volatile oil used in the perfume and pharmaceutical industries. They also contain an organic compound called apiol. Celery seeds can be used as flavoring or spice, either as whole seeds or ground and mixed with salt, as celery salt. Celery salt can also be made from an extract of the roots, or using dried leaves. Celery salt is used as a seasoning, in cocktails (notably to enhance the flavor of Bloody Mary cocktails), on the Chicago-style hot dog, and in Old Bay Seasoning.

    celery stalk


    MEDICINAL USES

    The Celery plant has an ancient reputation for treating muscle spasms, high blood pressure, arthritis, gout, sleeplessness, depression and anxiety. It was also used as a liver tonic. In traditional folk medicine it has been used in treating flatulence and indigestion.

    The use of celery seed in pills for relieving pain was described by Aulus Cornelius Celsus around AD 30. Celery seeds contain a compound, 3-n-butylphthalide, that has been demonstrated to lower blood pressure in rats. Celery seed has diuretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, sedative, anti-inflammatory and aphrodisiac properties. The whole plant is used, including the roots, seeds and oil.

    Today's scientific studies have shown Celery seed to be effective in treating muscle spasms, high blood pressure, arthritis, gout, sleeplessness, depression and anxiety. There are many chemicals in Celery seed that block inflammation and relieve pain, and the calcium in Celery helps relax muscle cramps, calm tense nerves, and lower blood pressure. The compound limonene in the seeds acts as a mild tranquilizer. Additionally, it used for strengthening muscles in the uterus which helps increase menstrual flow. Celery seed is also useful in treating asthma, bronchitis, and rheumatism. The diuretic and mildly antiseptic actions of the seeds are useful in treating cystitis. The leaves and dried seeds also make good seasoning and the inner ribs are consumed raw and are good for the heart. In China the juice is taken to reduce hypertension.

    celery seed essential oil


    Research in Germany and China during the 1970s and 1980s has shown that the essential oil has a calming effect on the central nervous system. A series of scientific studies conducted in the 1980's and 1990's found that celery seeds essential oil contains compounds that are mildly tranquillizing and help in relieving arthritic pain. Some recent research suggests that celery seed contains other compounds that stop the carcinogenic (having a cancer causing action) effect of environmental toxins in the liver. Other research suggests that essential oils in the seeds may be mildly bactericidal against the following:
    • Campylobacter jejuni - a bacteria that typically infects the bowels.
    • Escherichia coli - a bacteria that typically infects the colon .
    • Listeria - a group of parasitic bacteria.
    • Salmonella - group of bacteria that can cause typhoid fever, food poisoning, and gastroenteritis and fever from contaminated food products.

    Celery is used in weight-loss diets, where it provides low-calorie dietary fiber bulk. Celery is often incorrectly thought to be a "negative-calorie food," the digestion of which burns more calories than the body can obtain. In fact, eating celery provides positive net calories, with digestion only consuming a small proportion of the calories taken in.

    CELERY NUTRITIONAL ANALYSIS
    Apium graveolens , Raw

    Nutrition Value Per 100 Grams (3.5 Ounces)
    (Source: USDA National Nutrient Data Base)
    Principle
    Nutrient Value
    Percentage of RDA
         Energy      12 Kcal (50 kJ)      
         Carbohydrates      2.97 g      
         Protein      0.69 g      
         Total Fat      0.17 g      
         Sugars      1.4 g      
         Dietary Fiber      1.83 g      
         Water      95 g      
    Vitamins
    Nutrient Value
    Percentage of RDA
         Vitamin A Equivalent      22 µg      3%
         Folates (B-9)      36 µg      9%
         Vitamin B-6      0.074 mg      6%
         Niacin (B-3)      0.32 mg      2%
         Riboflavin (B-2)      0.057 mg      5%
         Thiamin (B-1)      0.021 mg      2%
         Vitamin C      3.1 mg      4%
         Vitamin E      0.27 mg      2%
         Vitamin K      29.3 µg      28%
         Choline      9.8 mg      2%
    Electrolytes
    Nutrient Value
    Percentage of RDA
         Sodium      80 mg      5%
         Potassium      260 mg      6%
    Minerals
    Nutrient Value
    Percentage of RDA
         Calcium      40 mg      4%
         Iron      0.2 mg      2%
         Magnesium      11 mg      3%
         Phosphorus      24 mg      3%
         Zinc      0.13 mg      1%

    Note: The energy value given in the USDA data page is 16 kcal, but this counts 4 calories per gram of dietary fiber. The value calculated without this, which is more correct, is 11.61.

    UNITS
    µg = Micrograms
    mg = Milligrams
    IU = International Units

    Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
    Source: USDA Nutrient Database





    CELERY DOSAGE INFORMATION

    Celery is a vegetable used as a food and used as an ingredient in worldwide cuisines. There are no dosage recommendations available for Celery.

    Celery seed comes in various forms and can be an ingredient in many products. For best results, read and follow product label directions.

    Constituents: Essential oil, with limonene and selinene as the main components, also pinene, cymene, caryophyllene, pinene, santalol, and dihydrocarvone, as well as antioxidant apigenin and isoquerticin. Polyacetylenes can be found in Apiaceae vegetables like celery, and their extracts show cytotoxic activities. Apiin and apigenin can be extracted from celery and parsley.

    Parts Used: The fruits or "seeds," whole or powdered.

    Typical Preparations: Can be used to make teas, but more often used in cooking. Seldom used in extract or capsule form.





    CELERY & CELERY SEED SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS INFORMATION

    Celery and Celery seed is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses and used as food.

    Do not use seeds intended for cultivation as they are often treated with fungicides.

    If you use diuretics, it is recommended that you do not use celery seed. Celery Seed essential oil contains irritant compounds therefore, if you have genitourinary inflammation it is best to avoid using this herb.

    Celery Seed oil and large doses of seeds should be avoided during pregnancy, as they can act as a uterine stimulant. Large consumption of celery seed should be avoided while pregnant or nursing. Do not use for medicinal purposes if you are pregnant or have a kidney disorder. Safety in young children is not known. Celery seed can be toxic when high doses are taken.

    The herb does not cause sensitivity to sunlight by itself, but it can cause increased risk of sunburn in people who take prescription ACE inhibitors to control high blood pressure. Bergapten in the seeds can increase photosensitivity, so the use of essential oil externally in bright sunshine should be avoided. Seeds intended for cultivation are not suitable for eating as they are often treated with fungicides.

    ALLERGIES

    Some individuals may get contact dermatitis or allergies from handling or ingesting Celery. Celery is among a small group of foods (headed by peanuts) that appear to provoke the most severe allergic reactions; for people with celery allergy, exposure can cause potentially fatal anaphylactic shock. The allergen does not appear to be destroyed at cooking temperatures. Celery root, commonly eaten as celeriac, or put into drinks, is known to contain more allergen than the stalk.

    Seeds contain the highest levels of allergen content. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis may be exacerbated. An allergic reaction also may be triggered by eating foods that have been processed with machines that have previously processed celery, making avoiding such foods difficult. In contrast with peanut allergy being most prevalent in the US, celery allergy is most prevalent in Central Europe. In the European Union, foods that contain or may contain celery, even in trace amounts, must be clearly marked as such.





    CELERY HERBAL & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Celery Herbal Products

  • Celergy Seed Herbal Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS



    CELERY HERBAL PRODUCTS

    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Celery Stalk & Leaf Flakes, Frontier, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Celery Leaf Flakes, Certified Organic, For Soups & Sauces, Frontier, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Celery Flakes (Apium graveolens), Dutch Valley, 2 lbs: GR
    Celery flakes are the dehydrated leaves and stalks of the common celery plant. These flakes are great for use in soups, stews and sauces. Each case consists of two pounds.
    Kalyx: Celery Flakes (Apium graveolens), Dutch Valley, 10 lbs: GR
    Celery flakes are the dehydrated leaves and stalks of the common celery plant. These flakes are great for use in soups, stews and sauces. Each case consists of ten pounds.
    Kalyx: Celery Juice Powder (Apium graveolens), Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs.): EB
    Kalyx: Celery Powder (Apium graveolens), Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs.): EB
    Kalyx: Celery Cross Cut, Kalyx, 50 lbs: CO


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Celery Grocery & Gourmet Food Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Herbal Grocery & Gourmet Food Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Herbal Supplement Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Natures Kiss, 0.34 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Celery, Fresh Produce, Large Fruit Vegetable, Neighborhood Corner Store, Per Bundle (1)
    Amazon: Dried Celery, Crosscut, Mother Earth Products, 1 Full Quart
    Amazon: Dried Celery Stalks, Cross Cut, Homemade My Way, 2 lbs.
    Amazon: TSM Celery Juice Powder, 1.25 oz.
    Each packet (1.25 oz.) can be used for 25 lbs. of ground meat. 1.25 oz. equals approximately 8 teaspoons.
    Amazon: Celery Juice Powder, NutriCargo, 1.1 lb (500 g)
    Celery Juice Powder, NutriCargo, 2.2 lbs (1 kg)
    Amazon: Celery Powder, Nutricargo, 2.2 lbs (1 kg)
    Amazon: Celery Bitters, Fee Brothers, 5 oz.
    Amazon: Celery Root Juice, Vegan, Biotta, 16.9 fl. oz.



  • Nutrition Basics: Celery Seed Herbal Information



  • CELERY SEED HERBAL PRODUCTS

    Celery Seed (Apium graveolens) are suggested in the therapy of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, and urinary disorders and may also be helpful for dropsy, overweight, flatulence, lack of appetite, kidney problems, promoting menstruation, bronchitis, nervousness, and restoring sexual potency impaired by illness.

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Celery Seed (Apium graveolens), Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Celery Seed Powder (Apium graveolens), Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Cultivated Without Chemicals, Organic Essential Oils
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Celery Salt, Certified Organic, Epicurian Organic Salts & Salt Blends


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed Powder, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed Powder, Organic, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed Pouch, Organic, 2 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed Jar, Organic, 1.76 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Celery Seed Powder Jar, Organic, 2.18 oz.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Celery COG FDP, Eclectic Institute Inc, 90 Grams (90788)
    HerbsPro: Celery Circulation, Now Foods, 60 VCaps (82077)
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed Extract, Natural Factors, 75 mg, 60 Caps (84439)
    Celery Seed Extract contains 85% 3-n-butylphthalide, or 3nB for short - a beneficial compound unique to celery and that provides support for healthy blood pressure already within normal range. One capsule provides the same level of 3nB as 4-6 ribs of celery.
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed Power, Standardized, Natures Herbs, 60 Caps (17422)
    Certified Potency Celery Seed-Power is the highest quality, most potent and most effective form of Celery Seed Extract available. Utilizing a 6:1 standardized extract, Celery Seed-Power constituents including volatile oil, which contains terpenes, especially limonene (60-70%) and selinene (5-10%) and approximately 15% of phtalides, principally 3-n-butyl phtalide and its 4.5-dihydro derivative sedanenolide. It is these latter compounds wghich give Celery Seed its distinctive smell. Certified Potency Celery Seed Extract - 900 mg (standardized for 2.2% volatile oils) and Celery Seed - 100 mg, per 2 capsule recommended dosage.
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed, Natures Herbs, 100 Caps (17421)
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed Extract, Natural Factors, 120 VCaps (114824)
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed Extract, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz. (17117)
    HerbsPro: Celery Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (2334)
    HerbsPro: Celery Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (31300)
    HerbsPro: Celery Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz. (32233)


    TAKEHERB PRODUCTS

    TakeHerb: Celery Seed (Apium graveolens), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.
    TakeHerb: Celery Seed Powder (Apium graveolens), Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Celery Seed Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Extract, Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Whole, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Powder, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Powder (Apium graveolens), Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs.): RF
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Powder 4:1 Extract (Apium graveolens), Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs.): RF
    Kalyx: Celery Seed Powder 4:1 Extract (Apium graveolens), Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs.): EB
    Kalyx: Celery Salt (Ground Celery Seed & Sea Salt), Frontier Spices, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Celery Salt Granules, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Celery Salt Granules, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Celery Salt, Spice Co, 5 lbs: GR
    Celery salt is a mixture of fine-grained salt and ground celery seed. This salt tastes great sprinkled on pork roasts, beef roasts, vegetables, potato salad and even in tomato or vegetable juices. Each case consists of five pounds.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Celery Grocery & Gourmet Food Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Herbal Grocery & Gourmet Food Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Herbal Supplement Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil Products
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Natures Kiss, 0.34 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Therapeutic Grade, NuKira, 10 ml
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Young Liveing, 15 ml
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Natures Kiss, 1 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Celery Seed Pure Essential Oil, BioSource Naturals, 1 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Celery Seed Essential Oil, Health & Beauty, 1 fl. oz.


  • Nutrition Basics: Celery & Celery Seed Herbal Information






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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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