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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
CELANDINE
Greater Celandine
Common Celandine, Garden Celandine

(Chelidonium Majus)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Celandine Herbal Description
  • Celandine Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Celandine Dosage Information
  • Celandine Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Celandine Supplements & Products




  • greater celandine plant


    CELANDINE HERBAL DESCRIPTION

    Celandine (Chelidonium majus) is also known as Common Celandine, Chelidonium majus F., Tetter Wort , Eye Herb, Garden Celandine, Swallow Wort, Felon Wort, Wart Weed, Bai Qu Cai, Chelidonii, Chelidonii Herba, Greater Celandine, Schollkraut, Tetterwort, and Verruguera.

    The word celandine is a corruption of the Greek word Chelidon, which translates as "a swallow". This refers to the tradition of Chelidonium, which says that the herb blooms when the swallows arrive, and fades when they depart.

    greater celandine flower


    Celandine is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant in the poppy family, widespread in damp, rich soil in the North-Eastern U.S. This plant grows nearly always in the neighborhood of human habitations, along fences, old walls, roads, and hedges, as well as in waste places, in Europe. It is indigenous to Europe, but is naturalized in the United States. It grows to about 1.5 to 3 feet high and has many branching stems. The finger-thick, fleshy, cylindrical rootstock is red-brown on the outside, orange-yellow inside, and the entire plant contains a bitter, milky, bright orange-yellow juice that turns red when exposed to air. The hollow stem is slender, round, smooth, slightly hairy, and swollen at the joints and breaks very easily. The blue-green, divided leaves are alternate, pinnate, with oval and irregularly lobed. The bright yellow flowers have four leaves (petals) and are 1/2 to 3/4 inch across, and grow from April to September. The flowers drop very quickly when picked. They are arranged at the ends of the stems in loose umbels. They yield a pod-like fruit containing blackish seeds. It has an odd and unpleasant odor and a bitter and pungent taste.

    greater celandine juice (sap)


    For centuries, Celandine has been used as a medicinal herb. This plant is the true Celandine, having nothing in common with the Lesser Celandine except the color of the flowers. It was a drug plant in the Middle Ages and Pliny, the Roman scholar, mentions its healing power, and 14th century accounts state that Celandine was taken in a liquid form for use as a blood tonic. Drinking the liquid was also thought to sharpen sight and other senses, promote wound healing, and treat jaundice. This plant has mild analgesic, sedative, anti-tumor, antibiotic, diuretic, and immune boosting effects.





    greater celandine roots


    CELANDINE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Scientific studies have shown Celandine to be effective in stimulating the appetite and in treating liver and gallbladder problems, though it has also been used for other ailments such as stomach spasms, cramps, intestinal polyps, gout, and water retention. This herb is sometimes used in treating chest pain (angina), asthma, and hardening of the arteries. Though there is no scientific evidence to support its effectiveness, the root of this plant has been chewed for relief from a toothache, and the powder from the root applied to the gum to ease tooth extraction. Celandine is used topically for treating skin rashes, scabies, and warts. Even though this plant is said to inhibit the growth of cancers, combat infections, boost the immune system, reduce blood pressure, and ease muscle tension, it must be studied further before a determination of its effectiveness in treating these conditions is known.

    greater celandine pods


    CELANDINE MAGICKAL RITUAL USE & LORE

    Celandine is an herb of joy and tranquility. It is said that anyone who carries a sprig of Celandine will be protected. Helps the wearer escape unfair imprisonment and entrapment. It is also said that the joy and tranquility will cure depression. In medieval times it was stated that Celandine could be used to be victorious over ones enemies.

    Albertus Magnus wrote, "that this formulation required the heart of a mole. Our gardens contain a beautiful Celandine and are overrun with moles; despite their bothersome tunnels and mounds of dirt, moles are children of the Goddess as much as we are."

    When burned as incense, Celandine is said to be protective and confusing to ones enemies, and reputed to keep away both witches and the police.





    CELANDINE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    Celandine comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. Celandine is a very popular medicine in Russia, where it is said to have proved effective in cases of cancer. It is still used in Suffolk as a fomentation for toothache.

    Celandine is an alternative, diuretic, and purgative. Constituents include Berberine (the same chemical found in Goldenseal and Oregon Grape Root), Sanguinarine (also found in blood root), the alkaloids chelidonine and Chelerythrin, the latter narcotic and poisonous, also the two nearly allied alkaloids, Homochelidonine A, and Homochelidonine B, Protopine, Coptisine, Stylopine, and a body named Chelidoxanthin, a neutral bitter principle. The root has a much greater content of these chemicals than the above-ground parts of the plant.

    Medicinal parts of the plant used include the above-ground whole herbal parts of the plant, dried, cut and/or powdered. It is collected in the wild, from May to July, when in flower and dried. Likewise, the fresh juice. Typical preparations include teas, but more often used as an extract or capsules.

    Celandine is used in treating jaundice, eczema, scrofulous diseases, etc. The infusion 1 ounce of the dried herb to a pint of boiling water being taken in a wineglassful doses. For use as a tea, use 1 tablespoon (15 grams) of crushed herb per quart of water. Steep for 15 minutes. Drink 3 cups per day between meals. The infusion is a cordial and greatly promotes perspiration. The addition of a few aniseeds in making a decoction of the herb in wine has been held to increase its efficacy in removing obstructions of the liver and gall.

    The standard dose of Celandine is between 12 and 30 mg (2 to 4 grams of extract). A fluid extract is prepared with a dose being 1/2 to 1 drachm. Tincture is 8 to 10 drops made from the whole herb, or of the fresh juice, given as a dose 3 times a day in sweetened water. This is considered excellent for overcoming torpid conditions of the liver. It is given in the treatment of the worst forms of scurby with benefit.

    The orange-colored, acrid juice is commonly used fresh to treat warts, ringworm and corns, but should not be allowed to come into contact with any other part of the skin. In milk, it is employed as an eye-lotion, to remove the white opaque spots on the cornea. Mixed with sulphur it was formerly used to cure the itch.

    An ointment made from the roots and lard or vegetable shortening boiled together, also the leaves and flowers, have been used for treating piles (hemorrhoids). For other formulations, read and follow product label directions.





    CELANDINE SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS INFORMATION

    Celandine is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses. There are no known interactions associated with this herb.

    The raw fresh juice of the plant can produce poisoning by congesting the lungs and liver and by narcotic action on the nervous system. If using the raw fresh juice of this herb, please consult with your health care provider before use. Not recommended for use while pregnant

    GREATER CELANDINE HEPATIC TOXICITY

    Greater celandine is a botanical extract derived from a plant of the Poppy family that is typically used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and dyspepsia. Celandine has been linked to several instances of clinically apparent liver injury.

    Background: Greater celandine (Chelidonium majus) is a plant of the Poppy family (Papaveraceae) which grows wild in Asia and Europe and has been introduced widely in the United States. Leaf extracts may contain up to 20 alkaloids, including benzophenanthridines, protoberberines and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. For centuries, celandine has been used to treat gastrointestinal complaints, dyspepsia and gallbladder disease. The chemical compound responsible for the antispasmotic activity of celandine is unknown. Celandine also acts as a mild sedative and it has been used to treat asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough. In recent years, celandine extracts have been used largely as therapy for dyspepsia and gallbladder disease, but it has also been claimed to be beneficial for skin conditions, asthma and bronchitis and as a weight loss agent. No human studies have been done that substantiate the benefits of celandine in these conditions or to define its safety, tolerability and adverse effects.

    Hepatotoxicity: Over a dozen publications, largely from Europe, have described clinically apparent acute liver injury attributable to greater celandine (Chelidonium majus). Liver injury typically arises after 1 to 6 months, with jaundice and moderate to marked elevations in serum aminotransferase levels. The pattern of injury is usually hepatocellular and the clinical presentation and liver histology resemble acute viral hepatitis. Immunoallergic features are uncommon, but autoantibodies may be present in low to moderate levels in many cases. The clinical syndrome, however, rarely resembles autoimmune hepatitis and usually resolves rapidly once the botanical is discontinued and without need of corticosteroid therapy.

    Mechanism of Injury: Greater celandine extracts have many components, but none of them has been shown to be specifically hepatotoxic. The rare cases of liver injury due to celandine have had idiosyncratic features.

    Outcome and Management: Hepatotoxicity from celandine is rare; some cases have been severe, but fatal cases and acute liver failure leading to liver transplantation has not been described. Recurrence with reexposure has been documented in several cases and rechallenge should be avoided.


    REFERENCES

  • Zimmerman HJ. Unconventional drugs. Miscellaneous drugs and diagnostic chemicals. In, Zimmerman, HJ. Hepatotoxicity: the adverse effects of drugs and other chemicals on the liver. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott,1999: pp. 731-4. (Expert review of hepatotoxicity published in 1999; hepatotoxicity of herbals is discussed but not greater celandine specifically).
  • Seeff L, Stickel F, Navarro VJ. Hepatotoxicity of herbals and dietary supplements. In, Kaplowitz N, DeLeve LD, eds. Drug-induced liver disease. 3rd ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2013, pp. 631-58. (Review of hepatotoxicity of herbal and dietary supplements [HDS] mentions that greater celandine has been used in Europe to treat dyspepsia and gallstones and that multiple cases of acute hepatitis including a case series of 10 instances attributable to celandine have been published).
  • Celandine. In, PDR for Herbal Medicines. 4th ed. Montvale, New Jersey: Thomson Healthcare Inc. 2007: pp. 180-1. (Compilation of short monographs on herbal medications and dietary supplements).
  • Pinto García V, Vicente PR, Barez A, Soto I, Candas MA, Coma A. [Hemolytic anemia induced by Chelidonium majus. Clinical case]. Sangre(Barc) 1990; 35: 401-3. Spanish. PubMed Citation (72 year old woman developed hemolytic anemia and renal dysfunction with hepatic involvement after taking greater celandine [bilirubin 1.7 mg/dL, ALT 538 U/L], resolving rapidly upon stopping).
  • De Smet PA, Van den Eertwegh AJ, Lesterhuis W, Stricker BH. Hepatotoxicity associated with herbal tablets. BMJ 1996; 313: 92. PubMed Citation (69 year old woman developed jaundice six weeks after starting herbal tablets “Venencapsan” prepared locally from horsechestnut leaf, milfoil, celandine, sweet clover, milk thistle and dandelion root, recurring on reexposure [bilirubin 1.6 and 4.7 mg/dL, ALT 244 and 1004 U/L, Alk P 229 and 250 U/L] and resolving rapidly on stopping).
  • Strahl S, Ehret V, Dahm HH, Maier KP. [Necrotizing hepatitis after taking herbal remedies]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1998; 123: 1410-4. German. PubMed Citation (42 year old woman developed repeated bouts of jaundice 6 months and then 6 weeks after staring celandine [bilirubin 3.6 and 4.4 mg/dL, ALT 427 and 389 U/L, GGT 87 U/L, Alk P 221 U/L], resolving within 2 months of stopping each time).
  • Greving I, Meister V, Monnerjahn C, Mueller KM. Chelidonium majus: a rare reason for severe hepatotoxic reaction. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1998; 7: S66-S9. PubMed Citation (Two cases: a 28 year old woman developed jaundice and itching 5 months after starting greater celandine [bilirubin 16.4 mg/dL, ALT 432 U/L], resolving in 2 months; 35 year old woman developed jaundice and abdominal pain 4 months after starting celandine [bilirubin 16.1 mg/dL, ALT 654 U/L], resolving within a few months of stopping).
  • Benninger J, Schneider HT, Schuppan D, Kirchner T, Hahn EG. Acute hepatitis induced by greater celandine (Chelidonium majus). Gastroenterology 1999; 117: 1234-7. PubMed Citation (Report of 10 cases of hepatitis attributed to greater celandine; all women, ages 37 to 67 years, taking celandine for digestive disorders or eczema for 1 to 9 months, presented with symptoms [bilirubin normal in 5 and 4.5-21.7 mg/dL in the rest, ALT 123-1338 U/L, Alk P 65-451 U/L], resolving within 2-6 months in all; one patient had recurrence on restarting celandine).
  • Chitturi S, Farrell GC. Drug-induced cholestasis. Semin Gastrointest Dis 2001; 12: 113-24. PubMed Citation (Review of hepatotoxicity manifested by prominent cholestatic features; discusses greater celandine, although usual presentation is with an acute hepatitis-like syndrome).
  • Stickel F, Seitz HK, Hahn EG, Schuppan D. [Liver toxicity of drugs of plant origin]. Z Gastroenterol 2001; 39: 225-32, 234-7. German. PubMed Citation (Review of hepatotoxicity of botanicals including pyrrolizidine alkaloids, germander, greater celandine, chaparral, Chinese herbs and pennyroyal).
  • De Smet PA. Safety concerns about kava not unique. Lancet 2002: 1336. PubMed Citation (Letter indicating that greater celandine like kava has been linked to several cases of severe liver injury and a warning label was added in Germany).
  • Crijns AP, de Smet PA, van den Heuvel M, Schot BW, Haagsma EB. [Acute hepatitis after use of a herbal preparation with greater celandine(Chelidonium majus)]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2002; 146: 124-8. Dutch. PubMed Citation (42 year old woman developed fever and abdominal pain 2 weeks after starting greater celandine, followed by fatigue and jaundice at 5 weeks [bilirubin 8.1 rising to 11.7 mg/dL, ALT 2900 U/L, Alk P 265 U/L], worsening for a few weeks and then resolving 2 months after stopping: Case 1).
  • Van Noordwijk J. ["Dosis solum facit venenum" also for herbal products]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2002; 146: 100-2. Dutch. PubMed Citation (Editorial in response to Crijns [2002] “Search first for a poison, or for a plant product”; plant products are not necessarily safer than prescription medications).
  • Stedman C. Herbal hepatotoxicity. Semin Liver Dis 2002; 22: 195-206. PubMed Citation (Review and description of patterns of liver injury due to herbal medications, including discussion of potential risk factors, and herb-drug interactions; greater celandine has been implicated in 10 cases of acute hepatitis with onset within 3 months in most and resolution in all, generally within 2 to 6 months of stopping).
  • Stickel F, Pöschl G, Seitz HK, Waldherr R, Hahn EG, Schuppan D. Acute hepatitis induced by Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus). Scand J Gastroenterol 2003; 38: 565-8. PubMed Citation (2 cases: 39 year old woman developed jaundice 4 weeks after starting celandine [bilirubin 7.1 rising to 13.5 mg/dL, ALT 912 U/L, Alk P 116 U/L], with recurrence on restarting and resolution in 7 weeks on stopping; 69 year old man developed jaundice 6 weeks after starting celandine [bilirubin 9.1 mg/dL, ALT 881 U/L, Alk P 312 U/L], with resolution on stopping).
  • Schiano TD. Hepatotoxicity and complementary and alternative medicines. Clin Liver Dis 2003; 7: 453-73. PubMed Citation (Comprehensive review of herbal associated hepatotoxicity, including common patterns of presentation and a specific discussion of greater celandine).
  • Pittler MH, Ernest E. Systematic review: hepatotoxic events associated with herbal medicinal products. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2003; 18: 451-71. PubMed Citation (Systematic review of published cases of hepatotoxicity due to herbal medications listing 52 case reports or case series, most common agents being greater celandine [3], chaparral [3], germander [8], Jin Bu Huan [3], kava [1], Ma Huang [3], pennyroyal oil [1], skullcap [2], Chinese herbs [9], valerian [1]).
  • Estes JD, Stolpman D, Olyaei A, Corless CL, Ham JM, Schwartz JM, Orloff SL. High prevalence of potentially hepatotoxic herbal supplement use in patients with fulminant hepatic failure. Arch Surg 2003; 138: 852-8. PubMed Citation (Among 20 patients undergoing liver transplantation for acute liver failure during 2001-2, 10 were potentially caused by herbals: none were attributed to celandine).
  • Pak E, Esrason KT, Wu VH. Hepatotoxicity of herbal remedies: an emerging dilemma. Prog Transplant 2004; 15: 91-6. PubMed Citation (Review of hepatotoxicity of herbal medications stressing the recent rise in numbers of cases, with literature review of cases due to greater celandine).
  • Russo MW, Galanko JA, Shrestha R, Fried MW, Watkins P. Liver transplantation for acute liver failure from drug-induced liver injury in the United States. Liver Transpl 2004; 10: 1018-23. PubMed Citation (Among ~50,000 liver transplants reported to UNOS between 1990 and 2002, 270 [0.5%] were done for drug induced acute liver failure, including 7 [5%] for herbal medications, but celandine not mentioned as a cause).
  • Rifai K, Flemming P, Manns MP, Trautwein C. [Severe drug hepatitis caused by Chelidonium]. Internist(Berl) 2006; 47: 749-51. German. PubMed Citation (58 year old man developed jaundice and pruritus 3 weeks after starting greater celandine [bilirubin 9.6 mg/dL, ALT 903 U/L], resolving within 4 weeks of stopping).
  • Seeff LB. Herbal hepatotoxicity. Clin Liver Dis 2007; 11: 577-96. PubMed Citation (Review of herbal induced hepatotoxicity, with a review of the 13 cases of acute liver injury attributed to greater celandine in the literature).
  • Hardeman E, Van Overbeke L, Ilegems S, Ferrante M. Acute hepatitis induced by greater celandine(Chelidonium majus). Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2008; 71: 281-2. PubMed Citation (58 year old woman developed jaundice 3 weeks after starting greater celandine [bilirubin 19.9 rising to 27 mg/dL, ALT 1566 U/L, Alk P 316 U/L], resolving rapidly upon stopping; enlarged lymph nodes in porta hepatis and ascites; biopsy showing reactive change, resolving with stopping celandine).
  • Conti E, De Checchi G, Mencarelli R, Pinato S, Rovere P. Lycopodium similiaplex-induced acute hepatitis: a case report. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008; 20: 469-71. PubMed Citation (46 year old woman developed nausea and fatigue 8 weeks after starting L similiaplex solution [L serratum and Chelidonium majus] for insomnia [bilirubin 3.2 mg/dL, ALT 2364 U/L, Alk P 255 U/L], with resolution in 2 months of stopping).
  • García-Cortés M, Borraz Y, Lucena MI, Peláez G, Salmerón J, Diago M, Martínez-Sierra MC, et al. [Liver injury induced by “natural remedies”: an analysis of cases submitted to the Spanish Liver Toxicity Registry]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2008; 100: 688-95. Spanish. PubMed Citation (Among 521 cases of drug induced liver injury submitted to Spanish registry, 13 [2%] were due to herbals, but none were attributed to greater celandine).
  • Chalasani N, Fontana RJ, Bonkovsky HL, Watkins PB, Davern T, Serrano J, Yang H, Rochon J; Drug Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN). Causes, clinical features, and outcomes from a prospective study of drug-induced liver injury in the United States. Gastroenterology 2008; 135: 1924-34. PubMed Citation (Among 300 cases of drug induced liver disease in the US collected between 2004 and 2008, 9% of cases were attributed to herbal medications, but none were attributed to greater celandine).
  • Tarantino G, Pezzullo MG, Dario di Minno MN, Milone F, Pezzullo LS, Milone M, Capone D. Drug-induced liver injury due to "natural products" used for weight loss: a case report. World J Gastroenterol 2009; 15: 2414-7. PubMed Citation (22 year old woman developed jaundice, pruritus, fever and abdominal pain [bilirubin 7.5 g/dL, ALT 1686 U/L, Alk P 1229 U/L, eosinophils 7%], responding only partially to cholecystectomy and extraction of stones from the common bile duct, whereupon she was found to have been taking greater celandine and Lycopodium serratum).
  • Moro PA, Cassetti F, Giugliano G, Falce MT, Mazzanti G, Menniti-Ippolito F, Raschetti R, Santuccio C. Hepatitis from Greater celandine(Chelidonium majus L.): review of literature and report of a new case. J Ethnopharmacol 2009; 124: 328-32. PubMed Citation (Case report and review of 16 cases in the literature; 65 year old man developed jaundice one month after starting daily ingestion of tea made from greater celandine extract [Chelidonium majus] [bilirubin 6.4 mg/dL, ALT 4765 U/L], with resolution within 2 months of stopping).
  • Navarro VJ. Herbal and dietary supplement hepatotoxicity. Semin Liver Dis 2009; 29: 373-82. PubMed Citation (Overview of the regulatory environment, clinical patterns, and future directions in research with HDS; greater celandine is not discussed).
  • Teschke R, Glass X, Schulze J. Herbal hepatotoxicity by Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus): causality assessment of 22 spontaneous reports. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2011; 61: 282-91. PubMed Citation (Analysis of 22 cases of liver injury attributed to greater celandine reported to the German Registry using RUCAM found only 8 to be probable: 3 men and 5 women, ages 32 to 66 years, with onset after 28 to 42 [mean = 36] days [bilirubin elevated in 7, ALT 420-2928 U/L, Alk P 256-408 U/L], all recovered).
  • Teschke R, Frenzel C, Glass X, Schulze J, Eickhoff A. Greater Celandine hepatotoxicity: a clinical review. Ann Hepatol 2012;11:838-48. PubMed Citation (Analysis of clinical features of 16 cases of hepatotoxicity attributed to greater celandine from the European literature; 6 men and 10 women, ages 32 to 69 years, onset after 3 weeks to 4.5 months, usually with a hepatocellular pattern of injury and resolving with stopping in all).
  • Teschke R, Glass X, Schulze J, Eickhoff A. Suspected Greater Celandine hepatotoxicity: liver-specific causality evaluation of published case reports from Europe. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2012; 24: 270-80. PubMed Citation (Among 21 published case reports of liver injury attributed to celandine, only 8 were scored as probable by the RUCAM system: 3 men and 5 women, ages 37 to 68 years, onset in 3-12 weeks [ALT 152-4765 U/L, Alk P 221-516 U/L], resolving in 1 to 5 months of stopping).
  • Teschke R, Wolff A, Frenzel C, Schulze J, Eickhoff A. Herbal hepatotoxicity: a tabular compilation of reported cases. Liver Int 2012; 32: 1543-56. PubMed Citation (A systematic compilation of all publications on the hepatotoxicity of specific herbals identified 185 publications on 60 different herbs, herbal drugs and supplements including 15 publications on greater celandine).
  • Bunchorntavakul C, Reddy KR. Review article: herbal and dietary supplement hepatotoxicity. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2013; 37: 3-17. PubMed Citation (Systematic review of literature on HDS associated liver injury discusses the clinically apparent hepatotoxicity attributed to greater celandine, reported largely from Europe).
  • Teschke R, Schulze J, Schwarzenboeck A, Eickhoff A, Frenzel C. Herbal hepatotoxicity: suspected cases assessed for alternative causes. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013; 25: 1093-8. PubMed Citation. (Review of the literature of case series of suspected HDS related liver injury found evidence of other explanations for the liver injury in 19 of 23 publications involving 278 of 573 patients [49%] including 28 of 66 cases [42%] attributed to greater celandine, and that these other diagnoses weakened the causality assessment in most instances).
  • Teschke R, Genthner A, Wolff A, Frenzel C, Schulze J, Eickhoff A. Herbal hepatotoxicity: Analysis of cases with initially reported positive re-exposure tests. Dig Liver Dis 2014; 46: 264-9. PubMed Citation. (Reanalysis of 34 published cases of liver injury due to herbal medications in which there was a reported positive rechallenge, finding only 21 [62%] fulfilled the criteria of a positive rechallenge using RUCAM, the others having inconsistent [18%] or incomplete data [21%]; among 3 cases attributed to greater celandine, 1 rechallenge was considered negative and 1 uninterpretable).





  • CELANDINE HERBAL & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Celandine Herbal Products

  • Chelidonium Homeopathic Products


  • QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS



    CELANDINE HERBAL PRODUCTS

    The aerial parts and roots of greater celandine are used in herbalism. The above-ground parts are gathered during the flowering season and dried at high temperatures. The root is harvested in autumn between August and October and dried. The fresh rhizome is also used. Celandine has a hot and bitter taste. The latex has a narcotic fragrance. Preparations are made from alcoholic and hot aqueous extractions (tea). The related plant bloodroot has similar chemical composition and uses as greater celandine. As far back as Pliny the Elder and Dioscorides (1st century CE) this herb has been recognized as a useful detoxifying agent. The root has been chewed to relieve toothache. It was formerly used by gypsies as a foot refresher; modern herbalists use its purgative properties. Juliette de Bairacli Levy, the Jewish-English herbalist, recommended greater celandine for the eyes, diluted with milk, and the latex to be used for getting rid of warts. Chelidonium was a favorite herb of the French herbalist Maurice Messegue. Helidonium majus has traditionally been used for treatment of various inflammatory diseases including atopic dermatitis. It is also traditionally used in the treatment of gallstones and dyspepsia.

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    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

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    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
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    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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