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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
CARNAUBA WAX

(Copernicia Prunifera)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
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  • Carnauba Wax Herbal Description
  • Carnauba Wax Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Carnauba Wax Herbal Supplements & Products




  • carnauba wax


    CARNAUBA WAX HERBAL DESCRIPTION

    Carnauba, also called Brazil wax and Palm wax, is a wax of the leaves of the palm Copernicia prunifera, a plant native to and grown only in the northeastern Brazilian states of Piaui, Ceara, and Rio Grande do Norte. It is also known as the "queen of waxes" and in its pure state, usually comes in the form of hard yellow-brown flakes. It is obtained from the leaves of the Carnauba Palm by collecting and drying them, beating them to loosen the wax, then refining and bleaching the wax.

    WAX COMPOSITION

    Carnauba wax consists of fatty acid esters (80 to 85%), fatty alcohols (10 to 16%), acids (3 to 6%) and hydrocarbons (1 to 3%). It is around 20% esterified fatty diols, 10% methoxylated or hydroxylated cinnamic acid, and 6% hydroxylated fatty acids. Carnauba wax has a very high melting point of 82 to 86°C (180 to 187°F).

    Carnauba wax is sold in several grades, labeled T1, T2 and T4, depending on the purity level. Purification is accomplished by filtration, centrifugation, and bleaching. It is harder than concrete and nearly insoluble in water and ethanol. It is non-toxic and hypoallergenic. The combination of properties leads to many applications, including use in food, cosmetics, automobile and furniture wax, molds for semiconductor devices, and as a coating for dental floss. You use products that contain carnauba wax every day, though you may not have known what the ingredient was or where it came from. It is one of those extremely useful natural chemicals and renewable resources that does not have a synthetic equivalent.





    CARNAUBA WAX USES

    In 2006, Brazil produced 22,409 tons of Carnauba wax, of which 14% was solid wax, and 86% was in powder form. Carnauba wax can produce a glossy finish and as such is used in automobile waxes, shoe polishes, dental floss, food products such as sweets, instrument polishes, and floor and furniture waxes and polishes, especially when mixed with beeswax and with turpentine. Use for paper coatings is the most common application in the United States. It was commonly used in its purest form as a coating on speedboat hulls in the early 1960's to enhance speed and aid in handling in salt water environments. It is also the main ingredient in surfboard wax, combined with coconut oil.

    Because of its hypoallergenic and emollient properties as well as its shine, carnauba wax appears as an ingredient in many cosmetics formulas where it is used to thicken lipstick, eyeliner, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, deodorant, various skin care preparations, sun care preparations, etc. It is also used to make cutler's resin. A mixture of carnauba wax, beeswax, and olive oil is especially effective in removing adhesives.

    It is the finish of choice for most briar tobacco or smoking pipes. It produces a high gloss finish when buffed on to wood. This finish dulls with time rather than flaking off (as is the case with most other finishes used).

    Although too brittle to be used by itself, carnauba wax is often combined with other waxes (principally beeswax) to treat and waterproof many leather products where it provides a high-gloss finish and increases leather's hardness and durability.

    It is also used in the pharmaceutical industry as a tablet-coating agent. Adding the carnuaba wax aids in the swallowing of tablets for patients. A very small amount (less than a hundredth of one percent by weight, i.e., 30 grams for a 300 kg batch) is sprinkled onto a batch of tablets after they have been sprayed and dried. The wax and tablets are then tumbled together for a few minutes before being discharged from the tablet-coating machine.

    In 1890, Charles Tainter patented the use of carnauba wax on phonograph cylinders as a replacement for a mixture of paraffin and beeswax.

    An aerosol mold release is formed by suspending carnauba wax in a solvent. This aerosol version is used extensively in molds for semiconductor devices. Semiconductor manufacturers also use chunks of carnauba wax to break in new epoxy molds or to release the plunger when it sticks. When used as a mold release, carnauba, unlike silicone or PTFE, is suitable for use with liquid epoxy, epoxy molding compounds (EMC), and some other plastic types and generally enhances their properties.

    Carnauba is used in melt/castable explosives to produce an insensitive explosive formula such as Composition B, which is a blend of RDX and TNT.

    CARNAUBA WAX PROFILE

  • Botanical Name: Copernica Cerifera
  • Origin: Brazil
  • Extraction: Hand Milled / Naturally Processed
  • Shelf Life: 3 to 4 Years
  • Notes: Stores well under any condition but extreme heat and light may cause discoloration. Carnauba wax will vary in color from a pale yellow to deep golden. This difference in coloration is the result of the trees age upon harvest, and the batches will naturally vary. The line of Carnauba wax we offer is approved and manufactured by the national Formulary (NF) and is FDA approved for cosmetic and household formulations. It is compatible with most animal, vegetable and mineral waxes and a large variety of natural and synthetic resins. The Carnauba wax offered by Mountain Rose Herbs is certified organic.


  • SPECIFICATIONS
      Color- Light Yellow
      Odor- Flat
      Size- 1/4-inch Standard Flake
      Acid Value- 2.8
      Melting Point- 83°C
      Saponification Value- 84

    INFORMATION

    Carnauba Wax is a vegetable wax obtained from the leaves of a Brazilian palm tree (Copernica Cerifera) known as the "Tree of Life". The name "Tree of Life" comes from the natives in the surrounding area, who have extensively used this product in their daily lives. Carnauba Wax is the hardest natural wax available. Commercially, it is widely used in the cosmetic, body care, food, pharmaceutical, auto, and other industries.

    The Carnauba Palm grows in South America, Ceylon, and equatorial Africa, but the wax is only harvested in Brazil. Irregular rainy seasons in other areas inhibit the trees from producing wax. In Brazil, the Carnauba Palm is prolific, and trees grow to an average of 25 to 35 feet, but may grow up to 50 feet. During the dry and hot months, the leaves exude the wax to conserve moisture and protect the tree against dehydration. The leaves are then removed individually by workers during the months of September to March. A maximum of 20 leaves is removed from each tree to ensure that the tree is not endangered. The leaves are cut, sun-dried, and then thrashed to remove the wax from the leaves.

    Carnauba Wax is a wonderful ingredient to use in natural cosmetics. It is extremely durable, and dries to a glossy finish. Commonly found in lipsticks and lip balms, it may also be used in salves, balms, and in any recipe where beeswax is called for. It is a good alternative to beeswax, and is popular among individuals who choose not to use animal derived products.

    To use Carnauba Wax in your recipe, it must be heated to a higher melting point than beeswax. Carnauba Wax requires a temperature of 180-185 degrees in order to melt. Please note that Carnauba Wax is harder than beeswax, and this must be taken into consideration when incorporating it into your recipes.

    The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.


    MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Herbal Butters & Waxes Index





    CARNAUBA WAX HERBAL & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Carnauba Wax Herbal Products




  • CARNAUBA WAX HERBAL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Carnauba Wax, Certified Organic, Bulk Cosmetic Waxes
    One of the hardest cosmetic waxes found, this wax is taken from the Brazilian palm tree Copernicia prunifera. A very hard, thick wax with a high melting point around 180-185 degrees. It is mainly used in furniture waxes, lipsticks, and cosmetic recipes, which require a formidable barrier agent. Our Carnauba is certified organic, golden in color, and comes in flake form. Choose from 2 different sizes.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Carnauba Wax Herbal Products
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Beall Tools, 5.5-inch x 2-inch x 5/8-inch Wax Bar, 3.2 oz.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Organic, Dr. Adorable, 4 oz.
    Organic Carnauba Wax comes in the form of hard yellow flakes and is widely used in cosmetics as an emulsifier or as a thickening agent for lipstick, eyeliner, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, deodorant, and sun care preparations. Carnauba Wax is the hardest natural wax and has lustrous composition making it the leading choice for ointments, pharmaceuticals (tablet coatings), candles and polishes.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, MakingCosmetics Inc., 4.4 oz. Bag (125 g)
    Natural vegetable wax exuded by the leaves of a palm tree (copernicia cerifera) growing in Brazil, hardest natural wax available, composed of wax esters (85%), free fatty acids, fatty alcohols and resins (15%). Yellow flakes or powder, no or faint odor. Soluble in alcohol, insoluble in water. Melting point 80 to 85°C (176 to 185°F). Carnauba wax is a non-gelling thickener, viscosity and consistency enhancer (provides good texture and stability due to high melting point), emollient and moisturizer, good skin protectant properties. Warm to melt before use, add to fat phase in formulas requiring emulsification. Use for making creams, salves, ointments, protective creams, balms, pomades, lipsticks, mascaras, glosses.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Organic, Dr. Adorable, 8 oz.
    Organic Carnauba Wax comes in the form of hard yellow flakes and is widely used in cosmetics as an emulsifier or as a thickening agent for lipstick, eyeliner, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, deodorant, and sun care preparations. Carnauba Wax is the hardest natural wax and has lustrous composition making it the leading choice for ointments, pharmaceuticals (tablet coatings), candles and polishes.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Pure Original Brazil Polishing Buffing, Carnauba do brasil, 1/2 lb.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Enkaustikos, 16 oz. Resealable Bag
    Carnauba Wax is obtained from the leaves of a palm tree known as Copernica Cerifera. This palm flourishes in the northeastern regions of Brazil reaching an average height of 25 to 35 feet and proliferates along river banks streams and damp lowlands. This tree naturally exudes a wax through its fan-shaped leaves to prevent it''s own dehydration. Tree harvesting where the leaves and sprouts are cut typically takes place during the dry months of September through February in the Brazilian States of Ceara and Piaui. With a maximum cutting of twenty leaves per year from a tree the average yield of wax for each tree is about 2 pounds per cutting. Workers use knives on long poles to trim the leaves from mature trees and then the leaves are sun-dried and mechanically thrashed to remove the wax. The color and quality of the wax is therefore governed by the age of the leaves and care used in processing of this hard brittle lustrous wax. Unlike most Carnauba wax which typically is a very deep yellow colored wax we offer a very light pale yellow wax. This wax is harvested from the smaller younger leaves of the palm tree. Carnauba Wax is added to paint to raise the melting point and can create a harder more durable paint film. Carnauba is the hardest of the natural waxes but it is a very brittle wax so be careful not to add too much to your paint as cracking may occur. Carnauba melts at 187 to 190°F. It is sold in thin easy to melt flakes.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, Organic, Dr. Adorable, 1 lb (16 oz.)
    Organic Carnauba Wax comes in the form of hard yellow flakes and is widely used in cosmetics as an emulsifier or as a thickening agent for lipstick, eyeliner, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, deodorant, and sun care preparations. Carnauba Wax is the hardest natural wax and has lustrous composition making it the leading choice for ointments, pharmaceuticals (tablet coatings), candles and polishes.
    Amazon: Carnauba Wax, MakingCosmetics Inc, 17.6 oz. (500 g)




  • Nutrition Basics: Carnauba Wax Herbal Information






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