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Nutrition Basics


(Arctium Lappa)

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  • Burdock Herbal Description
  • Burdock Uses & Scientific Evidence
  • Burdock Dosage Information
  • Burdock Safety & Precautions Information
  • Burdock Supplements & Products

  • burdock

    Burdock is also known as Arctium lappa, gobo, poor man's potatoes, Arctium, Arctium minus, Arctium tomentosum, Bardana, Bardana-minor, Bardanae Radix, Bardane, Beggar's Buttons, Burr Seed, Clotbur, Cocklebur, Cockle Buttons, Edible Burdock, Fox's Clote, Great Bur, Great Burdocks, Happy Major, Hardock, Harebur, Lappa, Love Leaves, Orelha-de-gigante, Personata, Philanthropium, Thorny Burr.

    Burdock is native to Europe and Northern Asia and is now widespread throughout the United States as well. It is considered by many in North America and Europe as a common weed, where it grows wild as a weed. In Japan and parts of Europe, it is cultivated as a vegetable. A member of the daisy family, burdock is a stout and sturdy biennial plant reaching 3 to 4 feet and up to 6 feet (2 meters) in height, with 18 inch (50 cm) wide leaves forming a rosetta at ground level. Burdock has wavy, heart shaped leaves that are green on the top and whitish on the bottom. In midsummer, between the months of June and October, the plant blossoms into a dense array of globular purple flowers with sticky bracts that cling to passing animals and people. The burrs that stick to clothing or animal fur were in fact the inspiration behind the invention of Velcro fasteners, when the inventor found them sticking to his dog after an afternoon walk and he realized that objects could be fastened together in the same fashion. The deep roots, which are used medicinally, are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. The plant grows on roadsides and waste places and around field boundries throughout Britain, Europe and North America. It is cultivated in Japan as food (gobo) and is consumed as an everyday vegetable, similar to carrot.

    The plant has become available in all parts of the world and has been used for centuries to treat a host of ailments. Its name is a combination of French and English, "bur" coming from the French bourre and "dock" coming from the Old English reference to large leaves. This herb has funnel shaped crimson blossoms and grows to about five or six feet tall. Burdock is a food and medicinal herb. In Japan it is called gobo and is used as a food that provides deep strengthening to the immune system. It has been traditionally used as a "blood purifier" to clear the bloodstream of toxins, as a diuretic (helping rid the body of excess water by increasing urine output), and as a topical remedy for skin problems such as eczema, acne, and psoriasis. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, burdock is often used with other herbs for sore throat and colds.

    Burdock consists primarily of carbohydrates, volatile oils, plant sterols, tannins, and fatty oils. It has up to 50 percent unulin, polyacetylenes, volatile acids (acetic, proprionic, butyric, isovaleric), non-hydroxyl acids (lauric, myristic, stearic, palmitic), polyphenolic acids, and tannins. Researchers are not sure which active ingredients in burdock root are responsible for its healing properties, but the herb may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial effects. In fact, recent studies show that burdock contains phenolic acids, quercetin and luteolin - all powerful antioxidants.

    Ancient Chinese and Indian herbalists used Burdock to treat respiratory infections, abscesses, and joint pain. During the Middle Ages, European physicians used it to treat cancerous tumors, skin conditions, venereal disease, and bladder and kidney problems. The root of Burdock resembles the root of the poisonous plant belladonna. The root of Burdock is the primary source of most herbal preparations. The root becomes very soft with chewing and tastes sweet. The root grows straight down just like a carrot.

    The Burdock plant is placed in history very well. In the early 40's George de Mestral a Swiss inventor was taking his dog for a walk. He became curious about the seeds of the Burdock plant that had attached themselves to his clothes and the dog's fur. Under a microscope he looked closely at the hook and loop system that the seeds use to attach themselves on passing animals and people. He released that the same approach could be used to join other things together. The result was Velcro.

    Burdock herb was even known by Shakespeare who mentioned it in three of his plays, "As You Like It", "King Lear" and "Troilus and Cressida." Extracts of Burdock root are found in a variety of herbal preparations, as well as homeopathic remedies.

    In Japan and some parts of Europe, Burdock is eaten as vegetable. Burdockcontains inulin, a natural dietary fiber, and has also been used traditionally to improve digestion. In fact, recent studies confirm that Burdock has prebiotic properties that could improve health. Despite the fact that Burdock has been used for centuries to treat a variety of conditions, very few scientific studies have examined Burdock's effects.


    You can use either the Burdock root or the leaves when using this herb in magik. Burning the leaves can cleanse a room of negative energy. Use small, dried pieces of the root in charm bags for protection. Though Burdock is associated with Venus, it is not often used in love magik. Add to protection incenses and use in such spells. Gather Burdock roots in the waning Moon dry and then cut them into small pieces. String these on red thread like beads and wear from protection against evil and negativity. The leaves of the Burdock when laid to the soles of the feet help to cure gout. Culpepper stated that this herb, "is under Venus and you may draw the womb which way you please, either upwards by applying it to the crown of the head or downwards by applying it to the soles of the feet stay in its place, apply it to the navel "


    Lou Z, Wang H, Li J, Chen S, Zhu S, Ma C, Wang Z.
    SourceState Key Lab. of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan Univ., Wuxi 214122, P.R. China.


    The antioxidant activities of each burdock leaves fraction were first investigated alone and in combination with tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). The burdock leaves extract was fractioned with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water, named as PF, EF, BF, and WF, respectively. The EF exhibited the highest antioxidant activity. Although TBHQ exhibited higher lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity than EF, the reducing power, superoxide anion scavenging capability, DPPH radical and hydroxyl radicals scavenging ability of EF were higher than those of synthetic antioxidant (TBHQ). Moreover, a synergistic antioxidant effect between EF and TBHQ was first demonstrated by isobolographic analysis, indicating that EF dramatically enhances the antioxidant efficiency of TBHQ. For all the fractions, the antioxidant capacity had a significant correlation with total phenolic content. The phenolic compounds of the fractions were then identified, namely chlorogenic acid, o-hydrobenzoic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, and rutin. The results indicate that the EF could be used as sources of nature antioxidant in food industry, and allows a decrease of about 4 folds in the amounts of the synthetic compounds used.


    Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
    1998, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 455-461


    The antioxidant activity and free-radical and active oxygen-scavenging activity of burdock extracts were investigated. Of the solvents used for extraction, water yielded the greatest amount of extract that exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity. Water extracts of burdock (WEB) and hot water extracts of burdock (HWEB) exhibited comparable and marked activity on inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation, indicating that heat treatment did not alter the antioxidant activity of WEB. WEB and HWEB produced significantly lower (P Less Than 0.05) malondialdehyde (MDA) in both linoleic acid and liposome model systems than did the control. Moreover, mixtures of tocopherol (Toc), WEB, and HWEB exhibited a remarkable synergistic antioxidant effect in a liposome system; WEB and HWEB thus potentiated the action of Toc. Furthermore, WEB and HWEB displayed a marked inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation of rat liver homogenate in vitro. WEB and HWEB exhibited an 80 percent scavenging effect on alpha,alpha-diphenyl-beta-picrylhydrazyl radical and marked reducing power, indicating that WEB and HWEB act as primary antioxidants. Both extracts at a dose of 1.0 mg exhibited a 60.4 to 65.0 percent scavenging effect on superoxide and an 80.5 percent scavenging effect on hydrogen peroxide. They also showed a marked scavenging effect on the hydroxyl radical. These results revealed that WEB and HWEB are also active as oxygen scavengers and as secondary antioxidants. Based on these results, termination of free-radical reactions and quenching of reactive oxygen species in burdock extracts are suggested to be, in part, responsible for the antioxidant activity of burdock extracts.


    Today Burdock is widely recommended for treating dry, scaly skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema, and has been used to treat acne. Burdock works well as a blood purifier and has diuretic, diaphoretic, laxative, and mild anti-microbial properties.

    In laboratory tests, the Burdock root showed this anti-microbial property. Burdock is one of the main herbs in Essiac tea for fighting cancer. Burdock extract is also showing promise in treating the HIV virus. Burdock purifies the blood and restores liver and gallbladder function and works well as a remedy for gout, rheumatism, and arthritis. It is used to eliminate kidney stones and gallstones, gravel, and it works in treating cystitis and water retention. It has also been used in cases of toxic shock syndrome. This herb also stimulates the immune system and relieves gout symptoms. The leaves are bitter and help stimulate digestion and relieve flatulence. Burdock helps reduce a fever accompanied by infections, but works best when taken at the onset of symptoms. The seeds are used to treat sore throat, tonsillitis, colds, and coughs. Burdock has been used to lower blood pressure in diabetics, though there is no scientific evidence to support those claims. The root stimulates the uterus serving to help regulate periods and provide strength before and after childbirth.


    Burdock Root is used as a food and medicine in cultures all over the world.

    It is traditionally used for skin disorders associated with adolescence. Burdock combines well with Red Clover, Yellow Dock, and Dandelion. It is used for Acne; Athlete's Foot; Blood; Bursitis; Calcium Deposits; Disinfectant; Eczema; Gangrene; Gout; Itching; Osteoporosis; Poison Ivy/Oak; Psoriasis; Rheumatism; Skin Disorders; Skin Irritations; & Swelling.

    Burdock comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. The parts used are the washed and dried powdered root and also the fruits and leaves. A standard dose of Burdock is 1 to 2 grams of powdered dry root 3 times per day. For other formulations, read and follow product label directions. Burdock works well when combined with Yellow Dock, Red Clover, and Cleavers.

    Burdock products consist of fresh or dried roots. Burdock supplements can be purchased as dried root powder, decoctions (liquid made by boiling down the herb in water), tinctures (a solution of the herb in alcohol, or water and alcohol), or fluid extracts. It is best taken as a tea in a decoction form, but may also be taken as a capsule or extract. In Asia it is used as an ingredient in soups, stews, and stir fries, while sometimes eaten raw. Native Americans were known to use the whole plant as food, boiling the root in maple syrup (which made it like candy) so that it could be stored for longer periods of time. A mildly bitter herb, it stimlates the release of gastric juices and aids digestion.


    There are no known scientific reports on the pediatric use of Burdock, so it should only be given to children under the supervision of a health care practitioner.


  • Capsules: 1 to 2 grams (1,000 to 2,000 mg) 3 times per day.
  • Dried Root: Steep 2 to 6 grams in 150 mL (2/3 of a cup) boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes and then strain and drink 3 times a day.
  • For Poultice: Make infusion (per above directions). Soak a cloth in the liquid and, once cooled, wrap the cloth around affected skin area or wound. This is known as a poultice or wrap. Do not use on open wounds.
  • Tincture (1:5): Take 30 to 60 drops, once daily. Typically, burdock is combined in tincture form with other herbs. The tincture may also be applied to a cloth and wrapped around affected skin area or wound.
  • Fluid Extract (1:1): Take 30 to 60 drops, 2 times a day.
  • Tea: Steep 2 to 6 grams in 500 mL water (about 2 cups), 3 times per day.
  • Topical Preparations: Burdock preparations are also used for skin problems (such as eczema) and wounds.


    Burdock is believed to be safe, however, it does interfere with iron absorption when taken interally. The use of herbs is a time honored approach to strengthening the body and treating disease. Herbs, however, can trigger side effects and can interact with other herbs, supplements, or medications. For these reasons, you should take herbs with care, under the supervision of a health care provider. Safety in young children or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.

    Pregnant or nursing women should avoid burdock as it may cause damage to the fetus. Due to this herb's uterine actions, it is best to avoid taking Burdock while pregnant.

    If you are sensitive to daises, chrysanthemums, or ragweed, you may also experience an allergic reaction to burdock.

    People who are dehydrated should not take Burdock because the herb's diuretic effects may make dehydration worse.

    It is best to avoid taking large amounts of Burdock as a supplement because there are so few studies on the herb's safety. However, Burdock eaten as a food is considered safe.

    Because the roots of Burdock closely resemble those of Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade (Atropa belladonna), there is a risk that Burdock preparations may be contaminated with these potentially dangerous herbs. It is important to ensure that the Burdock root product you are using as not been mixed with belladonna root as atropine poisoning can result from the belladonna. Be sure to buy products from established companies with good reputations. Do not gather Burdock in the wild.


    There are no known scientific reports of interactions between burdock and conventional medications. However, you should talk to your health care provider before taking Burdock if you take any of the following:
    • Diuretics (Water Pills): Burdock could make the effect of these drugs stronger, causing you to become dehydrated.
    • Diabetes Medications: Burdock might lower blood sugar, resulting in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
    • Blood Thinning Medications: Burdock might slow blood clotting and, when taken with blood thinning medications, may increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.


  • Burdock Herbal Products
  • Cleavers Herbal Products
  • Dandelion Herbal Products

  • Red Clover Herbal Products
  • Yellow Dock Herbal Products



    Burdock Root is used as a food and medicine in cultures all over the world. Native Americans were known to use the whole plant as food, boiling the root in maple syrup (which made it like candy) so that it could be stored for longer periods of time. Noted 17th century herbalist Nicholas Culpepper said that it was good for 'old ulcers and sores', as well a treatment for someone bitten by a rabid dog. In China it is used as an aphrodisiac and for impotence. There is considerable evidence in the scientific literature that burdock root tea is a powerful anti-inflammatory remedy. Its numerous antioxidants protect the liver from toxic chemicals, allowing it to process the body's naturally occurring steroids which are helpful in achieving hormonal balance. A mildly bitter herb, it stimulates the release of gastric juices and aids digestion. This combination of qualities explains its traditional use in treating acne, eczema, endometriosis, psoriasis, and uterine fibroids. The tea can also be used as a wash to treat skin infections, eczema, and psoriasis. It is traditionally used for skin disorders associated with adolescence.

    Burdock root is used as an infusion, decoction, extract, tincture and ointment. For skin problems, the decoction is used both internally and externally. Burdock is also used as a skin ointment. The presence of high amounts of inulin and mucilage may explain Burdock's soothing effects on the skin and gastrointestinal tract. It has been particularly praised in treating psoriasis, its use being long-continued to produce good results. Bitter constituents in the root may also explain the traditional use of burdock to improve appetite and digestion. The herb seems to act by encouraging bile secretion, an hepatoprotective action that helps the body process water-insoluble fats. Burdock has been shown to reduce liver damage in animal studies. It also contains polyacetylenes that have been shown to have anti-microbial activity. Burdock root and fruit also have the ability to mildly lower blood sugar (hypoglycemic effect). The root is principally employed, but the leaves and seeds are equally valuable. An infusion of the leaves is useful to impart strength and tone to the stomach, for some forms of long-standing indigestion. Burdock is one of the best blood purifiers, it can reduce swelling around joints and helps rid calcification deposits. It cleans kidney function to help clear the blood of harmful acids. it contains inulin, a form of starch, which is the source of most of its curative powers, it is a substance that is important in the metabolism of carbohydrates. Burdock also aids the pituitary gland in releasing an ample supply of protein to help adjust hormone balance in the body. Sometimes it is said that poorly nourished pituitary gland is responsible for overweight. Burdock contains a lot of vitamin C and iron, protein. carbohydrate vitamin A, P, E, PABA, silicon, copper, iodine, zinc and B, complex.


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    Starwest Botanicals: Burdock Root, Cut & Sifted, Organic, 1 lb.
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    HerbsPro: Burdock Root Extract, Alcohol Free, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz. (17107)
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    Kalyx: Burdock Root, Cut & Sifted, Certified Organic, (Arctium lappa; Niu Bang Zi), Frontier, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Burdock Root Powder, Certified Organic (Arctium lappa; Niu Bang Zi), Frontier, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Burdock Root Liquid Alcohol Extract, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Burdock Root Extract (Arctium lappa), Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
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