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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics


Buckbean, Marsh Trefoil, Water Shamrock
(Menyanthes Trifoliata)

For Informational Use Only
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  • Bogbean Herbal Description
  • Bogbean Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Bogbean Dosage Information
  • Bogbean Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Bogbean Supplements & Products

  • bogbean plants


    Bogbean (Menyanthes trifoliata) is also known as Bean Trefoil, Bitter Trefoil, Bitterworm, Bitterklee, Brook Bean, Buckbean, Marsh Trefoil, Water Trefoil, Marsh Clover, Bocks, Boonan, Bocksbohne, Scharbocks-Klee, Moonflower, and Water Shamrock.

    bogbean trileaf

    Bogbean occurs naturally in bogs and marshes across Asia, Europe, and North America. Bogbean is a beautiful, hardy, perennial plant with alternate, long-stalked, trefoil leaves (three leaflets) and spikes of pink and white, 5 lobed, fringed petals. The olive green leaflets are about 2-inches long and 1-inch broad and will stick out of the water up to a plant height of 8 to 16 inches. Stem glabrous. Rootstock is horizontal rhizome, long and thick, creeping or floating. Bogbean fruit resembles a small bean. It grows mainly in bogs, wet swamps, ditches, overgrown ponds, lakes and marshes in cold water. Flowering occurs from May to July. Bogbean's flowers only decorate very wet and sunken places. It might even grow in water. The plant floats on the surface with its porous rootstock. If the area dries out or gets covered with bog moss, bogbean gradually stops flowering, although it will grow for a long time with just leaves. If grown in a landscaped pond, Bogbean should be grown in a planting container, as it can be an invasive plant if left to roam planting shelves on its own, which makes individual Bogbean plants extremely suitable for container water gardening. Plant Bogbean in early spring, directly in the pond at a maximum depth of 6-inches, then following in the summer months, Bogbean produces very attractive clusters of small star-shaped delicate flowers.

    Early Native American Indians boiled the root and stems for spitting blood and other internal problems. Colonists used the leaves as a cathartic and a remedy for constipation, fevers, rheumatism, scurvy, scabies, and dropsy. They also used it to treat skin diseases, jaundice, and intestinal worms.

    bogbean flower spike


    Bogbean is a strongly bitter herb that stimulates the appetite and encourages digestion.

    This herb works well as an aid in weight gain. Bogbean is still used today as an effective remedy for achy joints (rheumatism), rheumatoid arthritis, loss of appetite especially when accompanied by weakness, weight loss, and a lack of vitality and an upset stomach. In food manufacturing, bogbean is used as a flavoring.

    Bogbean contains bitter chemicals that can increase the flow of saliva and stomach juices. This might help stimulate the appetite or relieve indigestion.

    bogbean leaves


    Bogbean comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products.

    It works very well when combined with Celery Seed and White Willow. The appropriate dose of bogbean depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions.

    Bogbean is used as a tonic, cathartic, deobstruent and febrifuge. An extract is made from the leaves, which possess strong tonic properties, and which renders great service in rheumatism, scurvy, and skin diseases. It has been recommended as an external application for dissolving glandular swellings. Finely powdered Bogbean (Buckbean) leaves have been employed as a remedy fr ague, being said to effect a cure when other means fail. In large doses, the powder is also a purgative.

    According to healing lore, the juice of the fresh leaves has proved efficacious in dropsical cases, and mixed with whey has been known to cure gout. Bogbean (Buckbean) tea, taken alone or mixed with Wormwood, Centaury or Sage, is said to cure dyspepsia and a torpid liver.

    To use Bogbean as an infusion, take 1 to 2 teaspoons in 1 cup of boiling water or 1 ounce of the dried leaves to 1 pint of boiling water. Drink a wineglassful (1 cup) 3 times a day.
    In using a tincture, take 1 to 4 ml, 3 times per day. Fluid extract preparation, take 10 to 40 drops per dose.

    For other formulations, read and follow product label directions.

    bogbean flower


    Bogbean is generally regarded as safe for most people when taken in the recommended medicinal doses. However, in large quantities, Bogbean can irritate the stomach and intestines and cause diarrhea, pain, nausea, and vomiting.

    Avoid using Bogbean if you have diarrhea, dysentery, and colitis. It could make your condition worse. Bogbean can slow down the clotting process. There is a concern that Bogbean might make bleedin problems worse. Stop using Bogbean at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery as it might increase the risk of bleeding during and after the surgery.

    If you are taking other medications (prescription or over-the-counter), or are allergic to any medicines it is best to consult with your health care provider before using Bogbean as a treatment for your condition. Do not use Bogbean if you are taking medications that slow blood clotting (anticoagulant, antiplatelet drugs). These drugs interacts with Bogbean. Bogbean might slow blood clotting. Taking bogbean along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

    Do not use Bogbean if you are pregnant or nursing. The concern is that Bogbean might cause diarrhea.

    Safety in young children, or those with high blood pressure, heart or blood vessel disease, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.


  • Bogbean Herbal Products


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    Amazon: Buckbean (Bogbean) Leaf Tea, TerraVita, 25 Tea Bags

    Buckbean is native to Europe and North America. Early European physicians used the leaves as a cathartic and a supportive for constipation, fevers, joint pain, scurvy, skin rashes, and dropsy (edema, or an abnormal accumulation of fluid). Buckbean also earned a reputation as a tonic and appetite stimulant. Colonists found the buckbean growing wild in America and used it much as they had in Europe. Some Indian tribes boiled the roots and stems of the plant. For hot brewing tea, bring freshly drawn cold water to a rolling boil. Place one tea bag for each cup into the teapot. Pour the boiling water into the pot, cover and let steep for two to four minutes. Pour into a cup and add milk and natural sweetener to tasted. For iced tea, place 5 tea bags into a teapot or heat resistant pitcher, pour 2 cups freshly boiled water over the tea bags and let steep from 5 minutes. Add enough ice cubes to make one quart of tea. Stir and serve.

    Amazon: Bogbean Leaf (Menyanthes trifoliata) Mother Tincture, Time Laboratories, 4 fl. oz.

    Amazon: Bog Bean Leaf (Menyanthes trifoliata), Cut & Sifted, Wildcrafted, Herbies Herbs, 1 lb.

    Amazon: Buck Bean Leaf (Menyanthes trifoliata), Cut & Sifted, Wildcrafted, Herbies Herbs, 1 lb.

    Amazon: Menyanthes Trifoliata 6C MD Homeopathic Medicine, Boiron Homeopathics, 1 Tube

  • Nutrition Basics: Bogbean Herbal Information

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