MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Radish, Garden Radish
(Raphanus Sativus L. Var. Niger)
"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
BLACK RADISH HERBAL DESCRIPTION
The radish is of the family Brassicaceae and is native to Asia. Today, it is grown and consumjed as a garden vegetable throughout the world.
The radish is an annual or biennial species of garden vegetable. It can vary in size, growing from 4 inches to 70 inches in height. It has a long and round, pungent root. The root also varies in size, shape and color. They can have red, pink, green and even black skin, and white or red fleshy part. Radish leaves are rough, green and lobed, toothed along the margins. Flowers are cross-shaped and four-petaled, again varying in color from white to violet to pink or purple. The parts used are the root. The radish has the useful components Raphanin, glucosilinnates, vitamin C, and volatile oil.
Black Spanish Radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. niger) has been used for centuries both as food and as medicine. When used for culinary purposes, the dull black skin is typically removed, and the white inner flesh is steamed, sauteed, braised, or stir-fried. Black radish can also be eaten raw, in which case it is usually grated or sliced, and added to salads or eaten as a healthy snack. When used for its health benefits, black Spanish radish can also be juiced or ingested in supplemental form. Also the leaves of young Raphanus sativus L. var. niger can be consumed, whether for culinary or health purposes.
The black Spanish radish can be either round or elongated in shape. The round-shaped variety is sometimes called "Noir Gros de Paris", while the elongated variety may be called "Black Spanish Long" or "Black Mooli". Regardless of which variety you go for, you will be in for a nutritional treat. Rich in vitamin C, glucoraphasatin, and a bunch of other health-protecting compounds, this earthy and pungent root vegetable might just be the next healthy food to earn a "superfood" status.
BLACK RADISH USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
Radish is considered to be an antiseptic, antirheumatic, appetite stimulante, diuretic, diaphoretic and rubefacient.
Radish is an excellent source of vitamin C, and a powerful immune booster. It has a long history of medicinal use. For example, Black Radish has been used in folk medicine in cases where bile stimulation is needed, and juice made from the root has been used against stomach disorders. White radish is considered to be very effective in cases of sore throat and indigestion.
The actual radish plant is unknown in a wild state, but is supposed to have come from Southern Asia, and may be descended from the wild Raphanus raphanistrum of the Mediterranean shores, the long roots developing seeds sown in a loose soil, and the turniprooted kinds in a stiff soil. In the days of the Pharaohs, the Radish was extensively cultivated in Egypt, but apparently it did not reach Britain until A.D. 1548. Gerard mentions four varieties as being recognized in 1597. The leaves are rough and partly divided into segments, the outer one being larger and broader than the rest. The flower stem grows to about 3 feet in height, bearing medium-sized flowers that vary in color from white to pale violet, with strongly-marked, dark veins. Structurally, it resembles the turnip, as the swollen, fleshy portion is really a stem which gradually passes downwards into the real root.
Many kinds of radishes are named, the best known being turnip-rooted, both red and white, including the white and black Spanish kinds; oliveshaped, including the white, scarlet, and French breakfast forms; the long, tapering varieties, like Long Red and Lady's Finger. The flesh is white, crisp, and tender, not specially nourishing, but valued as an antiscorbutic because of its quantity of nitrous juice. When too large for eating raw, they can be steamed for half an hour and served like asparagus. They should be well washed, but never peeled except when preparing the juice for medicinal purposes.
BLACK RADISH FOOD FOR A HEALTHY LIVER, GALLBLADDER, & DIGESIVE SYSTEM
In China and Europe, black radish root has been used in folk medicine for hundreds of years as a gallbladder tonic and as a natural remedy for impaired bile function and digestive problems. In India, black radish - or black mooli as it is sometimes called there - is a popular liver tonic. Both the liver and gallbladder are involved in digestion, the former being responsible for the production of bile and the latter storing this bitter fluid and increasing its potency. When fatty food enters your small intestine, the gallbladder releases bile to improve the digestion of fats (and protein). As a result of its longstanding and widespread use as a natural remedy for impaired digestive organs, black Spanish radish has getting a lot of attention from scientists focused on modern medicine and nutritional studies.
In Mexico, juice squeezed from Black Radish root has properties against cholesterol gallstones and for decreasing serum lipid levels. A 2012 study published in the Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology investigated the effects of juice squeezed from black radish root on cholesterol gallstones and serum lipids on mice fed a lithogenic diet (i.e. a diet that promotes formation of gallstones and increases cholesterol and triglycerides levels). After treatment with black radish root juice for 6 days, the mice had significantly fewer cholesterol gallstones, and their cholesterol and triglycerides levels had dropped as well. In addition, there was an increased in HDL cholesterol (the "good cholesterol") levels. According to research, the juice is a non-toxic natural product.
Interestingly, however, people with existing gallstones are often advised to avoid eating radish in large amounts, perhaps because it could cause the gallstones exit the gallbladder and then get stuck inside the common bile duct.
Another study focused on the potential liver-detoxifying properties of an extract derived from the taproot of the black radish plant. The researchers found that the black radish extract effectively induced detoxification enzymes in the tested liver cancer cell line. These anti-cancer effects were largely attributed to 4-methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MIBITC), an isothiocyanate metabolite of glucoraphasatin. This study appeared in the August 2007 edition of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Important Note: If you have gallbladder stones or suffer from severe kidney or liver problems, don't use black radish medicinally (i.e. in large amounts or in the form of concentrated supplements) before consulting a qualified health care professional. Also pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using more than usual food amounts in order to stay on the safe side.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF RADISH LEAVES
In 2009, a team of researchers published a study in the Journal of Functional Foods which showed that not only the root portion of Spanish black radish can induce detoxification enzyme expression in the HepG2 human liver carcinoma cell line, but also the leaves have similar liver-detoxifying effects. In addition, the researchers found that the radish leaves had significantly greated antioxidant potential than the roots (regardless of whether the antioxidant capacity was measured by the FRAP or the ORAC method). So next time you buy a bunch of black radishes with young, intact leaves still attached, don't toss them on the compost pile. Instead, turn them into a delicious side dish by sautéing them on a frying pan.
COMMON COLDS & BLACK RADISH
n terms of flavor, black radish is much stronger and more pungent than its white counterpart. But that hot spiciness is just one reason why black radish makes an ideal food for cold winter days. Anecdotal evidence suggests that pungent foods, such as black Spanish radish, can help prevent and ward off colds and flu by stimulating mucous membranes and clearing congestion.
But the pungent flavor of black Spanish radish may not be the only beneficial property this unsung superfood has when it comes to flu prevention; the vitamin C in black radish may also provide some protection against colds and flu due to its immune-boosting properties.
Despite all the knowledge about the wonderful health benefits of the black Spanish radish, this earthy root vegetable is still relatively difficult to find in regular grocery stores. You may be able to find it in health food oriented grocery stores. Farmers' markets are a good place to start a search for fresh black radishes. When looking for black Spanish radish, keep in mind that it also goes by other names, including Black Spanish Long (the long variety), Noir Gros de Paris (the round variety), Nero Tondo, and black mooli. If you have no luck in finding fresh black radishes in your area, you can always grow your own if you have a garden. Seeds are available on Amazon.com and they will yield delicious round black radishes in about 50 to 55 days after planting. The ideal time for planting this winter radish is in mid to late summer. If you do not have a garden and no luck in finding black radish at the local farmers' market, either - fresh radish is always preferred, Black Radish supplements are available and can help deliver at least some of the benefits of fresh, garden grown black radishes.
1. Ibrahim Guillermo Castro-Torres, Naranjo-Rodriguez E. B, Dominguez-Ortiz M. A., et al (2012). Antilithiasic and Hypolipidaemic Effects of Raphanus sativus L. var. niger on Mice Fed with a Lithogenic Diet. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Volume 2012, Article ID 161205.
2. Paul R. Hanlon, Webber D. M., and Barnes D. M (2007). Aqueous extract from Spanish black radish (Raphanus sativus L. Var. niger) induces detoxification enzymes in the HepG2 human hepatoma cell line. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55(16), p. 6439-46.
3. Paul R. Hanlon, Robbins M. G., Hammon L. D, et al (2009). Aqueous extract from the vegetative portion of Spanish black radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. niger) induces detoxification enzyme expression in HepG2 cells. Journal of Functional Foods, vol. 1 issue 4, p. 356-365.
BLACK RADISH DOSAGE INFORMATION
Radishes are an excellent food remedy for stone, gravel and scorbutic conditions.
The juice has been used in the treatment of cholelithiasis as an aid in preventing the formation of biliary calculi. The expressed juice of white or black Spanish radishes is given in increasing doses of from 1/2 to 2 cupfuls daily. The 2 cupfuls are continued for two or three weeks. then the dose is decreased until 1/2 cupful is taken three times a week for three or four more weeks. The treatment may be repeated by taking 1 cupful at the beginning, then 1/2 daily, and later, 1/2 every second day.
BLACK RADISH SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS INFORMATION
Radish could cause indigestion in some cases.
It should not be used in patients with ulcers, gastritis and thyroid problems. Some herbs could react with certain medication. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your health care provider before consumption of any herb.
BLACK RADISH HERBAL PRODUCTS
QUALITY PRODUCTS & SUPPLEMENTS
BLACK RADISH HERBAL PRODUCTS
Black Radish root is one of the many of the natural herbs that are derived from the roots of plants. Known to scientists as raphanus sativus, the black radish is a member of the turnip family and similar to red radishes that people enjoy on salads. As food, black radish root (which is actually the part that is eaten) is full of antioxidant properties and a rich source of Vitamin C. Also known as Spanish Radish, Raphanus sativus powder, made from dried black radish root, has long been used to promote healthy liver and digestive function. This herb (actually a root) is also commonly used for its antibacterial, diuretic, and laxative properties. Raphanus sativus is among the safest botanicals around – but, as always, we recommend you contact your health care provider or naturopath before beginning any herbal regimen. Bulk herbs such as black radish root are an excellent addition to your herbal apothecary.
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Radish Sprouting Seeds
RICHTERS SEEDS & GARDEN PRODUCTS
Richter Seeds: French Breakfast Radish (Raphanus sativus 'French Breakfast') Seeds
Richter Seeds: Cherrybelle Radish (Raphanus sativus 'Cherrybelle') Seeds
Richter Seeds: Sparkler Radish (Raphanus sativus 'Sparkler') Seeds
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Black Radish Root Powder, 1 lb.
HerbsPro: Black Radish & Parsley, Supports Immune System & Throat Health, Kroeger Herb, 100 Caps (65502)
A powerful pair of herbs used in conjunction with proper nutrition for the grief of those wintertime surprises. Please consult your healthcare practitioner before taking any dietary supplement. Contains Black Radish Root and Parsley Leaves. Take 2 capsules 3 times daily before meals.
TakeHerb: Black Radish Root Powder (Raphanus sativus), Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.
TakeHerb: Black Radish Root & Parsley Leaf, Supports Immune System & Throat Healthy, Kroeger Herbs, 100 Caps
A powerful pair of herbs used in conjunction with proper nutrition for the grief of those wintertime surprises. Supports the immune and throat health. Take 2 capsules 3 times daily before meals.
TakeHerb: Liver Cleanse, Health Plus, 90 Caps
Special ingredients designed to target irritants that affect the liver and production of bile and other digestive enzymes. Contains Artichoke extract, Beet Leaf, Black Radish, Dandelion root, Milk Thistle, B Vitamins, Turmeric extract, Astaxanthin.
TakeHerb: No 6 Pro-Gest Vegetarian Supplement, Sonnes, 120 Tabs
The active ingredient in Pro-Gest is papain, which is derived from the papaya fruit. Papain is a natural proteolytic enzyme that breaks down proteins and supports a healthy digestive process. Other ingredients include papaya seed meal, Russian black radish, and betaine hydrochloride in a base of dried juice from organically grown beets - the same powder used for our Whole Beet Plant Juice Tablets. The betaine hydrochloride acts to supplement the natural hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
Amazon: Full-Spectrum Spanish Black Radish, Swanson Premium, 500 mg, 60 Caps
Amazon: Spanish Black Radish, Standard Process, 90 Tablets
Nutrition Basics: Black Radish Herbal Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
For a full list of available products from Mountain Rose Herbs, click on banner below:
MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.