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Nutrition Basics


Radish, Garden Radish
(Raphanus Sativus L. Var. Niger)

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  • Black Radish Herbal Description
  • Black Radish Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Black Radish Dosage Information
  • Black Radish Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Black Radish Supplements & Products

  • black radish


    The radish is of the family Brassicaceae and is native to Asia. Today, it is grown and consumed as a garden vegetable throughout the world.

    The radish is an annual or biennial species of garden vegetable. It can vary in size, growing from 4 inches to 70 inches in height. It has a long and round, pungent root. The root also varies in size, shape and color. They can have red, pink, green and even black skin, and white or red fleshy part. Radish leaves are rough, green and lobed, toothed along the margins. Flowers are cross-shaped and four-petaled, again varying in color from white to violet to pink or purple. The parts used are the root. The radish has the useful components Raphanin, glucosilinnates, vitamin C, and volatile oil.

    Black Spanish Radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. niger) has been used for centuries both as food and as medicine. When used for culinary purposes, the dull black skin is typically removed, and the white inner flesh is steamed, sauteed, braised, or stir-fried. Black radish can also be eaten raw, in which case it is usually grated or sliced, and added to salads or eaten as a healthy snack. When used for its health benefits, black Spanish radish can also be juiced or ingested in supplemental form. Also the leaves of young Raphanus sativus L. var. niger can be consumed, whether for culinary or health purposes.

    The black Spanish radish can be either round or elongated in shape. The round-shaped variety is sometimes called "Noir Gros de Paris", while the elongated variety may be called "Black Spanish Long" or "Black Mooli". Regardless of which variety you go for, you will be in for a nutritional treat. Rich in vitamin C, glucoraphasatin, and a bunch of other health-protecting compounds, this earthy and pungent root vegetable might just be the next healthy food to earn a "superfood" status.


    Radish is considered to be an antiseptic, antirheumatic, appetite stimulante, diuretic, diaphoretic and rubefacient.

    Radish is an excellent source of vitamin C, and a powerful immune booster. It has a long history of medicinal use. For example, Black Radish has been used in folk medicine in cases where bile stimulation is needed, and juice made from the root has been used against stomach disorders. White radish is considered to be very effective in cases of sore throat and indigestion.

    The actual radish plant is unknown in a wild state, but is supposed to have come from Southern Asia, and may be descended from the wild Raphanus raphanistrum of the Mediterranean shores, the long roots developing seeds sown in a loose soil, and the turniprooted kinds in a stiff soil. In the days of the Pharaohs, the Radish was extensively cultivated in Egypt, but apparently it did not reach Britain until A.D. 1548. Gerard mentions four varieties as being recognized in 1597. The leaves are rough and partly divided into segments, the outer one being larger and broader than the rest. The flower stem grows to about 3 feet in height, bearing medium-sized flowers that vary in color from white to pale violet, with strongly-marked, dark veins. Structurally, it resembles the turnip, as the swollen, fleshy portion is really a stem which gradually passes downwards into the real root.

    Many kinds of radishes are named, the best known being turnip-rooted, both red and white, including the white and black Spanish kinds; oliveshaped, including the white, scarlet, and French breakfast forms; the long, tapering varieties, like Long Red and Lady's Finger. The flesh is white, crisp, and tender, not specially nourishing, but valued as an antiscorbutic because of its quantity of nitrous juice. When too large for eating raw, they can be steamed for half an hour and served like asparagus. They should be well washed, but never peeled except when preparing the juice for medicinal purposes.


    In China and Europe, black radish root has been used in folk medicine for hundreds of years as a gallbladder tonic and as a natural remedy for impaired bile function and digestive problems. In India, black radish - or black mooli as it is sometimes called there - is a popular liver tonic. Both the liver and gallbladder are involved in digestion, the former being responsible for the production of bile and the latter storing this bitter fluid and increasing its potency. When fatty food enters your small intestine, the gallbladder releases bile to improve the digestion of fats (and protein). As a result of its longstanding and widespread use as a natural remedy for impaired digestive organs, black Spanish radish has getting a lot of attention from scientists focused on modern medicine and nutritional studies.

    In Mexico, juice squeezed from Black Radish root has properties against cholesterol gallstones and for decreasing serum lipid levels. A 2012 study published in the Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology investigated the effects of juice squeezed from black radish root on cholesterol gallstones and serum lipids on mice fed a lithogenic diet (i.e. a diet that promotes formation of gallstones and increases cholesterol and triglycerides levels). After treatment with black radish root juice for 6 days, the mice had significantly fewer cholesterol gallstones, and their cholesterol and triglycerides levels had dropped as well. In addition, there was an increased in HDL cholesterol (the "good cholesterol") levels. According to research, the juice is a non-toxic natural product.

    Interestingly, however, people with existing gallstones are often advised to avoid eating radish in large amounts, perhaps because it could cause the gallstones exit the gallbladder and then get stuck inside the common bile duct.

    Another study focused on the potential liver-detoxifying properties of an extract derived from the taproot of the black radish plant. The researchers found that the black radish extract effectively induced detoxification enzymes in the tested liver cancer cell line. These anti-cancer effects were largely attributed to 4-methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MIBITC), an isothiocyanate metabolite of glucoraphasatin. This study appeared in the August 2007 edition of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

    Important Note: If you have gallbladder stones or suffer from severe kidney or liver problems, don't use black radish medicinally (i.e. in large amounts or in the form of concentrated supplements) before consulting a qualified health care professional. Also pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using more than usual food amounts in order to stay on the safe side.


    In 2009, a team of researchers published a study in the Journal of Functional Foods which showed that not only the root portion of Spanish black radish can induce detoxification enzyme expression in the HepG2 human liver carcinoma cell line, but also the leaves have similar liver-detoxifying effects. In addition, the researchers found that the radish leaves had significantly greated antioxidant potential than the roots (regardless of whether the antioxidant capacity was measured by the FRAP or the ORAC method). So next time you buy a bunch of black radishes with young, intact leaves still attached, don't toss them on the compost pile. Instead, turn them into a delicious side dish by sautéing them on a frying pan.


    n terms of flavor, black radish is much stronger and more pungent than its white counterpart. But that hot spiciness is just one reason why black radish makes an ideal food for cold winter days. Anecdotal evidence suggests that pungent foods, such as black Spanish radish, can help prevent and ward off colds and flu by stimulating mucous membranes and clearing congestion.

    But the pungent flavor of black Spanish radish may not be the only beneficial property this unsung superfood has when it comes to flu prevention; the vitamin C in black radish may also provide some protection against colds and flu due to its immune-boosting properties.

    Despite all the knowledge about the wonderful health benefits of the black Spanish radish, this earthy root vegetable is still relatively difficult to find in regular grocery stores. You may be able to find it in health food oriented grocery stores. Farmers' markets are a good place to start a search for fresh black radishes. When looking for black Spanish radish, keep in mind that it also goes by other names, including Black Spanish Long (the long variety), Noir Gros de Paris (the round variety), Nero Tondo, and black mooli. If you have no luck in finding fresh black radishes in your area, you can always grow your own if you have a garden. Seeds are available on and they will yield delicious round black radishes in about 50 to 55 days after planting. The ideal time for planting this winter radish is in mid to late summer. If you do not have a garden and no luck in finding black radish at the local farmers' market, either - fresh radish is always preferred, Black Radish supplements are available and can help deliver at least some of the benefits of fresh, garden grown black radishes.


    1. Ibrahim Guillermo Castro-Torres, Naranjo-Rodriguez E. B, Dominguez-Ortiz M. A., et al (2012). Antilithiasic and Hypolipidaemic Effects of Raphanus sativus L. var. niger on Mice Fed with a Lithogenic Diet. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Volume 2012, Article ID 161205.
    2. Paul R. Hanlon, Webber D. M., and Barnes D. M (2007). Aqueous extract from Spanish black radish (Raphanus sativus L. Var. niger) induces detoxification enzymes in the HepG2 human hepatoma cell line. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55(16), p. 6439-46.
    3. Paul R. Hanlon, Robbins M. G., Hammon L. D, et al (2009). Aqueous extract from the vegetative portion of Spanish black radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. niger) induces detoxification enzyme expression in HepG2 cells. Journal of Functional Foods, vol. 1 issue 4, p. 356-365.


    Radishes are an excellent food remedy for stone, gravel and scorbutic conditions.

    Radish juice has been used in the treatment of cholelithiasis as an aid in preventing the formation of biliary calculi. The expressed juice of white or black Spanish radishes is given in increasing doses of from 1/2 to 2 cupfuls daily. The 2 cupfuls are continued for two or three weeks. then the dose is decreased until 1/2 cupful is taken three times a week for three or four more weeks. The treatment may be repeated by taking 1 cupful at the beginning, then 1/2 daily, and later, 1/2 every second day.


    Radish could cause indigestion in some cases.

    It should not be used in patients with ulcers, gastritis and thyroid problems. Some herbs could react with certain medication. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your health care provider before consumption of any herb.


  • Black Radish Herbal Products


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    Black Radish root is one of the many of the natural herbs that are derived from the roots of plants. Known to scientists as raphanus sativus, the black radish is a member of the turnip family and similar to red radishes that people enjoy on salads. As food, black radish root (which is actually the part that is eaten) is full of antioxidant properties and a rich source of Vitamin C. Also known as Spanish Radish, Raphanus sativus powder, made from dried black radish root, has long been used to promote healthy liver and digestive function. This herb (actually a root) is also commonly used for its antibacterial, diuretic, and laxative properties. Raphanus sativus is among the safest botanicals around – but, as always, we recommend you contact your health care provider or naturopath before beginning any herbal regimen. Bulk herbs such as black radish root are an excellent addition to your herbal apothecary.


    Richter Seeds: French Breakfast Radish (Raphanus sativus 'French Breakfast') Seeds
    Richter Seeds: Cherrybelle Radish (Raphanus sativus 'Cherrybelle') Seeds
    Richter Seeds: Sparkler Radish (Raphanus sativus 'Sparkler') Seeds


    Starwest Botanicals: Black Radish Root Powder, 1 lb.


    HerbsPro: Black Radish & Parsley, Supports Immune System & Throat Health, Kroeger Herb, 100 Caps (65502)
    A powerful pair of herbs used in conjunction with proper nutrition for the grief of those wintertime surprises. Please consult your healthcare practitioner before taking any dietary supplement. Contains Black Radish Root and Parsley Leaves. Take 2 capsules 3 times daily before meals.
    HerbsPro: Black Radish & Parsley, Solarlay, 100 Caps (123331)
    HerbsPro: Black Radish Root, Solaray, 100 VCaps (Pack of 6) (140931)


    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 2 fl oz: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 4 fl oz: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 8 fl oz: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 16 fl oz: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 32 fl oz: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root (Raphanus sativus var. niger) Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 1 Gallon: GL
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 1 Kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 5 Kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 10 Kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 50 Kg (110 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 100 Kg (220 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root Powder, Kalyx Bulk Products, 200 Kg (440 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 1 Kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 5 Kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 10 Kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 50 Kg (110 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 100 Kg (220 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Black Radish Root 4:1 Powdered Extract, Kalyx Bulk Products, 200 Kg (440 lbs): EB


    Amazon: Black Radish Herbal Products
    Amazon: Black Radish Herbal Health Supplement Products
    Amazon: Black Radish Garden Seeds & Plants Products

    Amazon: Spanish Black Radish, Full Spectrum, Swanson Premium, 500 mg, 60 Caps

    This relative of phytonutrient-rich broccoli and kale provides powerful, whole-body antioxidant protection and has a long history of use by herbalists. Traditional Asian and European applications use black radish root for liver cleansing, appetite stimulant, gallbladder tonic and digestive support. In traditional Chinese practice, the root supports breathing and pulmonary health. It is been a longtime favorite of herbalists as a wellness companion in the winter due to the plant's naturally occurring vitamin C. Black radish is a cruciferous vegetable with powerful antioxidant phytochemicals, all of which you will get in our full-spectrum root.

    Amazon: Black Radish Root 4:1 Extract, Extra Strength, TerraVita, 450 mg, 100 Caps

    Helps the respiratory system, activates liver cells, aids digestion and much more. Take 1 capsule, 3 times daily, with meals. The TerraVita Premium Collection uses only the finest, purest and most potent plant extracts from around the world. - The TerraVita Premium Collection is hallmarked by the highest possible standards of purity, potency, stability and freshness. Our highest possible standards are certified. Black Radish Root creates a tonic effect on the respiratory system, activates the liver cells, maintains a healthy gallbladder, aids digestion, facilitates a diuretic effect, is cleansing, is antibacterial, and is an excellent coadjutant for a hepatic colic by stimulating the secretion of bile. Black Radish Root is rich in vitamin C which makes it an interesting ally during winter months to help fight coughs, infections and free radicals.

    Amazon: Black Radish, Organic, BioAtlantic, 400 mg, 200 Tabs

    The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times. Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world, being mostly eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable. They have numerous varieties, varying in size, flavor, color, and length of time they take to mature. Radishes owe their sharp flavor to the various chemical compounds produced by the plants, including glucosinolate, myrosinase, and isothiocyanate. They are sometimes grown as companion plants and suffer from few pests and diseases. They germinate quickly and grow rapidly, smaller varieties being ready for consumption within a month, while larger daikon varieties take several months. Another use of radish is as cover or catch crop in winter[ or as a forage crop. Some radishes are grown for their seeds; daikon, for instance, may be grown for oil production. Others are used for sprouting and both roots and leaves are sometimes served cooked or cold.

    Amazon: Black Radish Root Powder, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb.

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