MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
American Beech, European Beech
(Fagus Grandifolia / Fagus Sylvatica)
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BEECH HERBAL DESCRIPTION
A DECIDUOUS TREE WITH ASTRINGENT PROPERTIES
Beech, also known as Fagus grandifolia, Fagus sylvatica, American Beech, European Beech, Bog, Buk, Boke, Buche, Buke, Faggi, Fagos, Faya, Haya, hetre, Red Beech, and White Beech.
Beech is a deciduous tree that grows to 100 feet or taller. The bark of beech is smooth and light gray to blue-gray. For hundreds of years, the Native American Indians used the bark of this tree for the treatment of various skin problems such as poison ivy. Early settlers used Beech sap as an ingredient in a syrup compounded for tuberculosis. During World War II, the Germans tried unsuccessfully to use Beech leaves as a substitute for tobacco. Beech leaves and bark have astringent and antiseptic properties. The tar or sap has antiseptic and expectorant properties. Today, Beech nuts are used as a coffee substitute, and the wood is used in flooring, furniture, crates, and tool handles.
BEECH USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
In folk medicine Beech has been used in an ointment for burns, sores, skin ulcers, poison ivy, and various skin diseases. Internally, it is used to treat bladder, kidney, liver problems, and chronic bronchitis. A tea made from the leaves works for fevers, dysentery, and diabetes. Oil from the nut is used as a treatment for intestinal worms.
European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) is an ornamental tree indigenous to England (found on chalky and sandy soil), but found throughout Europe, and is now grown world wide. Fagus is from the Greek meaning "to eat" in reference to the nuts. The wood was once used to fashion panels for carriages, carpenters' planes, stonemason mallets, wooden bowls, granary shovels, boot lasts, sabots, chair-making, and for making charcoal and gunpowder. It was also used for parquet flooring, wood pavement, and bentwood furniture. In England the nuts were used chiefly as park deer food.
The wood is the main source of creosote (distilled from the wood tar) used for medicinal purposes. This is NOT to be confused with creosote prepared from wood tar and used to preserve wood. The wood is hard, close-grained, and firm, being heavy in proportion to bulk, and was used to make carpenters' tools, brushes and other small articles. Beechwood with a curly or wavy grain was preferred for making chopping bowls. However, the wood has been used chiefly as fuel.
PROPAGATION: By seed sown in autumn; by budding in late summer.
NEEDS: An ornamental which requires well-draining soil in sun or part shade. Young trees should be planted with amendments of well rotted compost or manure and watered frequently. It can be used for hedging (space 18 to 24-inches apart); remove top quater of hedges after planting, then again in first summer; in following summers, trim to shape. Specimen trees require no pruning. Susceptible to bracket fungi, canker, root rot, scale, aphids, and weevils. Foliage susceptible to damage by late frosts.
HARVEST: Wood is cut and distilled for tar and creosote from which guaiacol is extracted. The seeds are collected when ripe, then peeled and pressed for oil, leaving a poisonous residue.
PART USED: Creosote from wood, oil from seeds.
SOLVENT: Water. The beech tar is completely soluable in 95-percent acetic acid.
CULTIVATED VARIETIES: F.s. 'Dawyck', F.s. Heterophylla, F.s. purpurea
F. sylvatica var. purpurea aka Copper Beech. The leaves were once used like those of the Red-leaved Hazel for extraction of anthocyan pigment.
MEDICINAL USES: Antiseptic, stimulant, expectorant, tonic. Has burning taste and penetrating odor. The tar was once considered a stimulant and antiseptic and was used internally as an expectorant for chronic bronchitis, or else applied externally for various skin diseases; affects stomach, kidney, and bladder. Has been used for ulcers and the inflammation of dysentary. It was also used for diabetes. As a tonic it was used to tone the entire system and improve appetite. Has been used internally for chronic bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infections. The creosote has been used externally for skin diseases. The leaves were applied to swellings and blisters; they were also chewed for chapped lips and gum pain. Bruised leaves were once applied directly to burns; they were also made into a decoction to treat scalds and frostbite. The nuts were once eaten to ease the pain of kidney stones. Called 'Buk' in Russia (pronounced 'book'), the creosote distilled from the tar has been used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The odor is strong, so is combined with other more pleasant herbs.
EUROPEAN BEECH DOSAGE: 60 to 120 grains. Also: 1 teaspoon crushed leaves, or 1/4 teaspoon granulated bark, to 1 cup boiling water; steep 10 to 15 minutes; taken 3 to 4 cups daily.
OINTMENT: Can be made into an ointment by simmering in coconut oil.
HOMEOPATHIC: Used for epilepsy, headache, hydrophobia, vertigo.
BACH FLOWER REMEDIES: In this system Beech flowers are said to cultivate tolerance, and acceptance and understanding of differences between people.
VETERINARY: Nuts should not be eaten by horses. An infusion of the leaves has been used for ailments of the liver and kidneys, also diabetes, jaundice, and failing appetite; it is said to soften 'hard' wounds. Animal Dose - 1 handful of buds, leaves or shaved bark, two times daily. For external use, an infusion of the buds and leaves is used.
CULINARY: Oil has been used in salads and cooking. In the past, the nuts were eaten in times of famine and roasted as a coffee substitute, but contain several toxins that make them unsafe in quantity. When hunting and agriculture failed, the Potawatomi ate the nuts after roasting, then pounding into flour. They collected the nuts by following the tracks of the deer mouse in the snow to their cache in a hollow tree or log; from 4 to 8 quarts could be gathered quickly in this manner. They were eaten raw or stored for winter use. The Iroquois, Menominee, and Ojibway also used the nuts in this manner as well as the swelling buds. In Maine the swelling buds were used for food. Canadian settlers collected the nuts in the fall, then dried them and used them instead of walnuts or hazel nuts. The Iroquois added the nuts to corn soup. Indians of Maine ate the buds.
OTHER: The nuts were once an important food for pigs. Because of this, laws allowed for the rights of parmage which allowed farmers the right to pasture in the forest. Nuts are a source of food for wildlife as well as swine. Native Americans sucked the sap from the trees when no water was available. The ashes of the wood were once used in glass making. The rainwater which collected in the hollows of the tree was once believed to cure the 'naughty scurf', tetters, and scabs of men and domestic animals if used as a wash. The ashes were used for potash. The Menomini used beech for building, fencing and fuel. Early Canadian settlers in southern Ontario, used the dried leaves as a filling for mattresses; they were said to provide a 'springy comfort' that straw lacked.
American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) is a handsome ornamental tree native to North America in rich woods from Canada to Florida and Texas and with smooth, silvery gray bark (darker on mature trees) and blue-green leaves which are silky when young, but silky only the undersides when mature and with the upper leaf being leathery in texture. The buds are long and thin on slender, slightly zigzag twigs. The flowers appear, after the leaves unfold, in bell-like clusters on long drooping stalks. The fruit is a prickly husk opening to 4 parts containing 2 three-sided triangular nuts with sharp points; fruits are rarely produced until the tree has reached 50 years of age; when fallen, the nuts are called 'beechmast'.
PART USED: Bark, leaves.
MEDICINAL USES: Considered tonic, astringent, antiseptic. Leaves and bark were used for stomach troubles, ulcers, liver, kidneys, bladder, diabetes, and to stimulate appetite. Leaves said to be soothing to nerves and stomach and have been applied to swellings, sores and wounds. Native Americans steeped a handful of fresh bark in a cupful or two of water and used the tea for rashes, especially poison ivy; they also used it to bathe sores, swellings, wounds, and burns. The bark was also used with oil or butter for scalds, burns and frostbite. The Menomini used the inner bark of the trunk and root in compound medicinals; it was never used alone. The Rappahannock steeped a handful of the bark from the north side of the tree in one pint of water to which a little salt was added and applied three times daily to poison ivy rash. The Malacite of Canada used the leaves for cankers.
AMERICAN BEECH DOSE: Infusion: 1 heaping teaspoon beech leaves to 1 cup boiling water; steeped 1/2 hour; taken 3 to 4 cups daily, 1 cup before each meal and before retiring (has been used for diabetes. Also used to wash sores, especially old sores.
BEECH DOSAGE INFORMATION
Beech comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. For best results, read and follow product label directions. Beech is available as a flower essence preparation.
FLOWER ESSENCES - HISTORY & USES
Agrimony for people who put a brave face on their troubles. Aspen for people who are anxious or afraid but don't know why. Beech for people who are intolerant and critical of others. Centaury for people who allow others to impose on them. Cerato for people who doubt their own judgment. Cherry Plum for uncontrolled, irrational thoughts and the fear of doing something awful. Chestnut Bud for people who repeat mistakes and do not learn from experience. Chicory for over-possessive, selfish people who cling to their loved ones. Clematis for day-dreamers. Crab Apple for those who dislike something about the way they look and as a general cleanser. Elm for responsible, capable people who in a crisis doubt their ability to cope. Gentian for people disheartened when something goes wrong. Gorse for people who have lost hope, often without cause. Heather for talkative types who are obsessed with their own problems. Holly for negative feelings of hatred, envy, jealousy and suspicion. Honeysuckle for people who live in the past. Hornbeam for mental tiredness at the thought of a coming task. Impatiens for impatience and irritation at other people's slowness. Larch for fear of failure and lack of confidence. Mimulus for people who are afraid of something real that they can name. Mustard for gloom and depression with no known cause. Oak for strong, indefatigable people who can over-extend themselves by trying too hard. Olive for people physically drained by exertion or illness. Pine for those who blame themselves when things go wrong. Red Chestnut for excessive worry about the welfare of loved ones. Rock Rose for extreme fright and terror. Rock Water for people whose self-discipline and high standards are carried to excess. Scleranthus for people who find it hard to choose between possible courses of action. Star of Bethlehem for sudden frights and shock. Sweet Chestnut for utter despair and anguish. Vervain for enthusiastic people who are always on the go. Vine for domineering people. Walnut to help protect against outside influences and the effects of change. Water Violet for private, reserved people who can appear proud and arrogant. White Chestnut for persistent worrying thoughts. Wild Oat for people unable to find a direction for their lives. Wild Rose for people who resign themselves without complaint or effort to everything life throws at them. Willow for people who are full of self-pity, resentment and bitterness.
Dr. Edward Bach, MB, BS, MRCS, LRCP, DPH, was a well-known bacteriologist, pathologist and homeopath whose career took him from University College Hospital to the London Homoeopathic Hospital and a successful Harley Street practice. His orthodox researches culminated in a series of oral vaccines that are still known as the seven Bach nosodes, but even though this work received great acclaim Bach himself was not satisfied. He wanted to replace the vaccines with plant material which he felt would be more effective. To this end he began experimenting in 1928 with medicines made from flowers.
Bach had always been more interested in the people suffering disease than in the diseases themselves - a fact that made him unusual at that time. But his work with the flower remedies convinced him that true health could only be maintained by treating the individual personality instead of concentrating exclusively on the diseases of the body. He found that by selecting flower remedies according to the personality and emotional states of individuals he was able to resolve these imbalances, and that well-balanced people got better physically because their bodies were quite literally free to heal themselves. He believed that attitude of mind plays a vital role in maintaining health and recovering from illness.
He identified 38 basic negative states of mind and created a plant or flower based remedy for each one. Each remedy aids a specific emotion. You can take them individually or mix them together to match the way you feel. Recent research into the links between emotions and the immune system supports the view that emotional and physical health are linked. More and ore medical experts now agree that a healthy mind really does ensure a healthy body. Bach Flower Essences can help you take control of the way you feel and get more out of life.
After leaving London in 1930, Dr Bach explored the countryside in search of the essences for several years. In 1934 he decided to settle down and create a center for his work, and chose Mount Vernon, a small cottage in Sotwell, Oxfordshire. He spent the last years of his life at Mount Vernon and it was here that he completed his research. Nowadays, Mount Vernon is better known as The Bach Center, and the present custodians continue to prepare the mother tinctures (first process in making the essences), often using the same locations that Dr Bach identified in the 1930's. Only the Bach signature guarantees that you receive the original Bach Flower Essences, prepared as they have been since Dr. Bach's time with tinctures made exclusively by the Bach Center at Mount Vernon.
By the time he died in 1936 Dr. Bach had discovered the 38 remedies that were needed to treat every possible emotional state, with each individual remedy being aimed at a particular emotion or characteristic. Sometimes people find it strange that only 38 can deal with everything, but these 38 "primary" remedies can be used in combination with each other. When using the Bach Flower Remedies it is essential to ignore as far as possible any physical symptoms or disease. This can be a hard to do, but the physical side of disease can of course be treated using any other appropriate system of healing, whether orthodox or complementary.
The Bach Flower Remedies themselves are selected according to the personality of the person being treated. For example, a kind gentle person who found it hard to say 'no' to other people would be given Centaury, while someone who always tries to laugh things off even when he is undergoing torture inside would need Agrimony. In addition, the current mental state is taken into account so that someone who was worrying all the time would need White Chestnut while someone who was feeling a bit despondent after a setback would be given Gentian. The effect of the remedies is to transform negative thoughts and behaviour into positive ones. They do not of course alter the personality or bring instant nirvana or bring back your past lives - instead they bring you gently back to yourself so that you can go on.
Bach Flower Remedies Information Hydrosols & Flower Waters Information
BEECH SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS INFORMATION
There are no known safety issues or interactions associated with Beech when used externally. For internal use, it is best to consult with your physician before using Beech for the treatment of your condition.
BEECH HERBAL & RELATED PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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BEECH HERBAL PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: Beech Flower Essence, Bach Flower Essences, 20 ml
Beech Flower Essence is helpful for those who are critical and intolerant of others, unable and unwilling to make allowances. These people are convinced that they are right and everyone else is wrong. Perfectionists to the extreme. Beech Positive qualities are tolerance, acceptance of others' differences and imperfections, seeing the good within each person and situation. Patterns of Imbalance include criticalness, judgmental attitudes, intolerance; perfectionist expectations of others; oversensitivity to one's social and physical environment. Dilute two drops of Beech in a glass of water and sip at intervals. Replenish as neccessaryFor multiple use, add two drops of Beech to a 30-ml mixing bottle (you may combine up to seven essences in this bottle), top up with mineral water and take four drops at least four times a day. If neccessary, the Bach Flower essences can be dropped neat onto the tongue, or rubbed onto the lips, behind the ears, or on the temples and wrists. You can take Bach Flower essences as often as you want. If you are in a mood or a bit of a crisis, you only may need one dose, but if you have been feeling the same way for some time you can take them as long as you need to.
Amazon: Beech Flower Essences Supplement Products
Amazon: European Beech Buds, Boiron Homeopathics, 2 fl oz
European Beech (Fagus Sylvatica), an herbal supplement, is available in a 2 ounce dropper bottle (60 ml) by Boiron Homeopathics.
Amazon: Beech Flower Essence Healing Herbs, Organic, Flower Essence, 1 fl oz
Beech Fagus sylvatica (red) Positive qualities: Tolerance, acceptance of others' differences and imperfections, seeing the good within each person and situation; ability to offer praise to others Patterns of imbalance: Criticalness, judgmental attitudes, intolerance; perfectionist expectations of others; hyper-reactive to one's social and physical environment due to underlying sensitivity.
Amazon: Beech Original Flower Essence Supplement, Bach Flower Essences, 20 ml (0.7 fl oz)
Amazon: Beech Original Flower Essence Supplement, Bach Flower Essences, 20 ml (0.7 fl oz)
Beech was a homeopathic remedy described by Dr. Bach as the remedy for people who feel the need to see more good and beauty in all that surrounds them.
Amazon: Feel Bach, Beech Flower (Fagus Sylvatica), Bach Remedies, 20 ml (0.7 fl oz)
Beech was described by Dr. Bach as the remedy for people who feel the need to see more good and beauty in all that surrounds them. Active ingredient is 5X dilution of Fagus sylvatica HPUS in 27% Alcohol. Use 2 drops in water and sip at intervals or add to a 30 ml mixing bottle containing water. Take 4 drops a minimum of 4 times a day.
Nutrition Basics: Beech Herbal Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
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