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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Herbs
ACONITE
Monkshood, Wolf's Bane

(Aconitum Napellus)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Aconite (Monkshood) Description
  • Aconite (Monkshood) Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Aconite (Monkshood) Dosage Information
  • Aconite Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Aconite Supplements & Products




  • Aconite - Monkshood Flower


    ACONITE DESCRIPTION

    A FLYING OINTMENT HERB USED TO KILL WOLVES

    Aconite is also known as "the queen of poisons", Aconitum napellus, Aconitum, Monkshood, Cuckoo's Cap, Friar's Cap, Soldier's Cap, Blue Rocket, Jacob's Chariot, Auld Wife's Huid, Wolf's Bane, Leopard's Bane, Women's Bane and Devil's Helmet. There are many names for Aconite, different people had different names for this herb.

    Aconite is a genus of over 250 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Ranunculaceae. These herbaceous perennial plants are chiefly native to the mountainous parts of the northern hemisphere, growing in the moisture-retentive but well-draining soils of mountain meadows. The name comes from the Greeks name meaning "without struggle". It is believed that the word Aconitum came from the word akone, meaning "rocky" which is the type of area where this plant grows, but according to Greek mythology, Aconite became a poisonous herb when foam dropped from the mouth of Cereberus, the gatekeeper of hell, while he dragged Hercules up from the nether regions. Aconite is also said to be an ingredient of "flying ointments" used by witches to imitate the sensation of flying. Alkaloids in this plant are analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Toxins extracted from the plant were used to kill wolves in older times, hence the name wolf's bane.

    Aconitum delphinifolium - Alaskan Monkshood


    ACONITE HISTORY

    Throughout history, Aconite has been used to treat pain arthritis, inflammation, fever, skin diseases, and neuralgias. In the Anglo-Saxon vocabularies it is called Thung, which seems to have been a general name for any very poisonous plant. It was then called Aconite (the English form of its Greek and Latin name), later Wolf's Bane, the direct translation of the Greek Lycotonum, derived from the idea that arrows tipped with the juice, or baits anointed with it, would kill wolves - the species mentioned by Dioscorides seems to have been Aconitum Lyotonum. In the Middle Ages it became Monkshood and Helmet-flower, from the curious shape of the upper sepal overtopping the rest of the flower. This was the ordinary name in Shakespeare's day.

    The traditional Chinese use Aconite as medicine, it was known as "Fu-Tzu". It is considered an effective stimulanty for the spleen and kidneys. Aconite is a favorite treatment for malaise, general weakness, poor circulation, cancer, and heart disease. Chinese medical practitioners will combine Aconite with other herbs before final preparation as a tea or infusions in order to neutralize its toxic effects.

    Aconitum variegatum


    CULTIVATION

    Many species of Aconitum are cultivated in gardens, having either blue or yellow flowers. They thrive in garden soils, and will grow in the shade of trees. They are easily propagated by divisions of the root or by seeds; care should be taken not to leave pieces of the root where livestock might be poisoned. The hybrid cultivar A. X cammarum 'Bicolor' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

    This plant is a hardy perennial, with a fleshy, spindle-shaped root, light colored, kind of pale when young, but as it grows it acquires a dark brown skin. The tall, erect stem is about 3 feet high with glossy dark green leaves, deeply divided in a palmate manner, lobed with 5 to 7 segments. Each segment again is 3-lobed with coarse sharp teeth. The leaves of Aconitum species lack stiples and have a spiral (alternate) arrangement. The lower leaves have long petioles.

    Aconitum vulparia, showing nectaries in dissected flower


    It is crowned by racemes of large blue, purple, white, yellow or pink zygomorhic flowers straight up in clusters with numerous stamens. The shape of the flower is very special, it especially attracts the Bumble Bee. To be specific the sepals (green parts of the flower forming a seperate part of the group) are purple, the bees are specially attracted to purple. The sepals are also fancy shaped. Hence, the different names. The flowers are distinguishable by having one of the five petaloid sepals (the posterior one), called the galea, in the form of a cylindrical helmet or a monkshood There are 2 to 10 petals, in the form of nectaries. The two upper petals are large. They are placed under the hood of the calyx and are supported on long stalks. They have a hollow spur at their apex, containing the nectar. The other petals are small and scale like or non-forming. The 3 to 5 carpels are partially fused at the base.

    The fruit is an aggregate of follicles, a follical being a dry many-seeded structure.

    The main habitat for this plant is the lower mountains of the North portion of the Eastern Hemisphere. From the Himalayas through Europe to Great Britain. Aconite is now found wild in a few parts of England, mainly in the western counties and also in South Wales, but can hardly be considered truly indigenous. It was very early introduced into England, being mentioned in all the English vocabularies of plants from the tenth century downwards, and in early English medical recipes.

    Bombus consobrinus - The Bumble Bee


    This plant is used as a food plant by some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth, Engrailed Moth, Mouse Moth, Wormwood Pug Moth, and Yellow-tail Moth. It is also the primary food source for Bombus consobrinus (Bumble Bee).

    Lepidoptera Moth Species food plant





    Aconitum napellus


    ACONITE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    HOMEOPATHIC ACONITE

    The value of Aconite as a medicine has been more noticed and more fully realized in modern times to the point it ranks as one of our most useful drugs. Aconite is quick acting and is safely used as a homeopathic remedy for physical or psychological stress, and panic attacks accompanied by palpitations. Aconite is also used in ointment and sometimes given as hypodermic injection. Preparations of Aconite are employed for outward application locally to the skin to diminish the pain of neuralgia, lumbago and rheumatism. The official tincture taken internally diminishes the rate and force of the pulse in the early stages of fevers and slight inflammations, such as feverish colds, laryngitis, fist stages of pneumonia. Also, it relieves the pain of pleurisy and aneurysm. In cardiac failure or to prevent same it has veen used with success, in acute tonsillitis children have been well treated. It has also been used to reduce tension headache, and problems that arise from a severe shock or scare to the system, exposure to dry, cold winds, or intensely hot weather. Aconite is used at the beginning of an infection such as with colds and coughs. Other uses have been to regulate heartbeat, reduce nervous tension and to give temporary relief in Parkinson's disease. Aconite has also been shown to help with urinary problems such as bladder infections and painful urination, anxiety at start of urination, urine scanty and hot red urine.

    The root of this plant is extremely poisonous. Even a mere teaspoonful of it can cause paralysis of the cardiac muscle or respiratory functions. This plant is so poisonous it can cause terminal harm to a human body. For this reason the German Commission E does not recommend its use. When handled properly and taken in the right dose it is a marvelous and wonderful herb.

    CHINESE HERBOLOGY & AYURVEDIC MEDICINE

    Aconite, a plant as used in Chinese herbology (crude medicine), has long been used in the traditional medicine of Asia (India, China). In Ayurveda, the herb is used to increase pitta (fire, bile) dosha and to enhance penetration in small doses. However more frequently the herb is detoxified according to the samskaras process and studies show that it no longer possesses active toxicity. It is used in traditional Chinese medicine as a treatment for Yang deficiency, "coldness", and general debilitation. The herb is considered hot and toxic. It is prepared in extremely small doses. More frequently ginger processed aconite, of lower toxicity, "fu zi" is used. Aconite is one ingredient of Tribhuvankirti, an Ayurvedic preparation for treating a "cold in the head" and fever.] Aconite was mixed with patrinia and coix, in a famous treatment for appendicitis described in a formula from the Jingui Yaolue (ca. 220 A.D.) Aconite was also described in Greek and Roman medicine by Theophrastus, Dioscorides, and Pliny the Elder, who most likely prescribed the Alpine species Aconitum lycoctonum.

    Activated Aconite is used as an herb in Chinese traditional medicine, including in a formula to treat Arthritis. It exhibits especially potent analgesic properties, according to a recent study conducted by researchers with the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Their research reveals that one of the active ingredients in aconite - Bulleyaconitine A, or BLA - strongly reduces sodium channel currents to block overactive pain signals for prolonged periods of time. In China, BLA has been approved for the treatment of chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis.

    WESTERN MEDICINE

    The herb was cultivated widely in Europe, probably reaching England before the tenth century, where it was farmed with some difficulty, but came to be widely valued as an anodyne, diuretic, and diaphoretic. In the nineteenth century much aconite was imported from China, Japan, Fiji, and Tonga, with a number of species used to manufacture alkaloids of varying potency but generally similar effect, most often used externally and rarely internally. Effects of different preparations were standardized by testing on guinea pigs.

    In Western medicine preparations of Aconite were used until just after the middle of the 20th century, but it is no longer employed as it has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs and treatments. The 1911 British Pharmaceutical Codex regarded the medical uses and toxicity of aconite root or leaves to be virtually identical to that of purified aconitine. Aconite first stimulates and later paralyses/numbs the nerves to the sensations of pain, touch, and temperature if applied to the skin or to a mucous membrane; the initial tingling therefore gives place to a long-continued anaesthetic action. Great caution was required, as abraded skin could absorb a dangerous dose of the drug, and merely tasting some of the concentrated preparations available could be fatal. The local anesthesia of peripheral nerves can be attributed to at least eleven alkaloids with varying potency and stability.

    Internal uses were also pursued, to slow the pulse, as a sedative in pericarditis and heart palpitations, and well diluted as a mild diaphoretic, or to reduce feverishness in treatment of colds, pneumonia, quinsy, laryngitis, croup, and asthma due to exposure. Taken internally, aconite acts very notably on the circulation, the respiration, and the nervous system. The pulse is slowed, the number of beats per minute being actually reduced, under considerable doses, to forty, or even thirty, per minute. The blood-pressure synchronously falls, and the heart is arrested in diastole. Immediately before arrest, the heart may beat much faster than normal, though with extreme irregularity, and in animals the auricles may be observed occasionally to miss a beat, as in poisoning by veratrine and colchicum. The action of aconitine on the circulation is due to an initial stimulation of the cardio-inhibitory center in the medulla oblongata (at the root of the vagus nerves), and later to a directly toxic influence on the nerve-ganglia and muscular fibers of the heart itself. The fall in blood-pressure is not due to any direct influence on the vessels. The respiration becomes slower owing to a paralytic action on the respiratory center and, in warm-blooded animals, death is due to this action, the respiration being arrested before the action of the heart. Aconite further depresses the activity of all nerve-terminals, the sensory being affected before the motor. In small doses, it therefore tends to relieve pain, if this is present. The activity of the spinal cord is similarly depressed. The pupil is at first contracted, and afterwards dilated. The cerebrum is totally unaffected by aconite, consciousness and the intelligence remaining normal to the last. The antipyretic action which considerable doses of aconite display is not specific but is the result of its influence on the circulation and respiration and of its slight diaphoretic action.


    Harry Potter in Snapes Potions Class


    ACONITE, MAGICAL PROPERTIES & POTIONS

    "For your information, Potter, asphodel and wormwood make a sleeping potion so powerful it is known as the Draught of Living Death. A bezoar is a stone taken from the stomach of a goat and it will save you from most poisons. As for monkshood and wolfsbane, they are the same plant, which also goes by the name of aconite."
    - Severus Snape during Harry Potter's first Potions class in 1991.


    Aconite (also known as monkshood or wolfsbane) is a plant with magical proprieties. Once widespread, this plant is now only found in wild places. Its flowers are useful in potion-making, but its leaves are very toxic. The root of Aconite can be used as a potion ingredient. Aconite is most commonly known as an ingredient of Wolfsbane Potion. The Wolfsbane Potion is an innovative and complex potion that relieves, but does not cure, the symptoms of lycanthropy. The main ingredient is wolfsbane (also referred to as aconite or monkshood). As such, this Potion is very dangerous when incorrectly concocted, since Aconite is a very poisonous substance. The way one must imbibe it is very unique among potions, in that a gobletful of wolfsbane potion must be taken for each day of a week preceding the full moon. It is extremely difficult to make, as even Slughorn claimed that Damocles could not have invented it without immense effort on his part. The completed potion exudes a faint blue smoke. According to Remus Lupin, it has a "disgusting" taste, and adding sugar to remedy this is not possible as that substance will render it ineffective.

    Magical Potion Effects: The potion does not cure lycanthropy but eases the symptoms, allowing one to hold on to their mental faculties after transformation (which would otherwise not be possible). However, it can have disastrous side-effects if the recipe is tampered with, as Lupin told Harry in 1996. It Is said that on the full-moon werewolves take this, they still transform, but at least in Remus Lupin's case they still act human. They usually stay somewhere safe and sleep through the transformation.

    Magical Potion History: Wolfsbane Potion was invented by Damocles in the recent past, sometime after the mid-1970s. Severus Snape brewed this potion for Remus Lupin during Lupin's year as Defence Against the Dark Arts professor at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

    Behind The Scenes:

  • There are over 250 species of Aconitum, the most common of which are known as aconite, monkshood, or wolfsbane.
  • Aconitum species are highly toxic, although they were used in medicine as a pain-reliever, diuretic, heart sedative, and to induce sweating.
  • In medieval Europe, aconite was often used as poison in animal bait or on arrows used when hunting wolves, hence the herb also became known as wolfsbane.
  • Aconite, a member of the buttercup family, was believed to be an important ingredient in witches' flying ointments.


  • ACONITE TOXICOLOGY

    Marked symptoms may appear almost immediately, usually not later than one hour, and with large doses death is almost instantaneous. Death usually occurs within 2 to 6 hours in fatal poisoning (20 to 40 mL of tincture may prove fatal). The initial signs are gastrointestinal including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. There is followed by a sensation of burning, tingling, and numbness in the mouth and face, and of burning in the abdomen. In severe poisonings pronounced motor weakness occurs and cutaneous sensations of tingling and numbness spread to the limbs. Cardiovascular features include hypotension, sinus bradycardia, and ventricular arrhythmias. Other features may include sweating, dizziness, difficulty in breathing, headache, and confusion. The main causes of death are ventricular arrhythmias and asystole, paralysis of the heart or of the respiratory center. The only post-mortem signs are those of asphyxia.

    Treatment of poisoning is mainly supportive. All patients require close monitoring of blood pressure and cardiac rhythm. Gastrointestinal decontamination with activated charcoal can be used if given within 1 hour of ingestion. The major physiological antidote is atropine, which is used to treat bradycardia. Other drugs used for ventricular arrhythmia include lidocaine, amiodarone, bretylium, flecainide, procainamide, and mexiletine. Cardiopulmonary bypass is used if symptoms are refractory to treatment with these drugs. Successful use of charcoal hemoperfusion has been claimed in patients with severe aconite poisoning.

    Poisoning may also occur following picking the leaves without wearing gloves; the aconitine toxin is absorbed easily through the skin. In this event, there will be no gastrointestinal effects. Tingling will start at the point of absorption and extend up the arm to the shoulder, after which the heart will start to be affected. The tingling will be followed by unpleasant numbness. Treatment is similar to poisoning caused by oral ingestion.

    Aconitine is a potent neurotoxin that opens tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium channels. It increases influx of sodium through these channels and delays repolarization, thus increasing excitability and promoting ventricular dysrhythmias. Pretreatment with barakol 10 mg/kg IV reduces the incidence of aconitine-induced ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia, as well as mortality. Five µg/kg IV of tetrodotoxin has the same effect. The protective effects of barakol are probably due to the prevention of intracellular sodium ion accumulation. Activation of the vagus nerve by aconitine results in bradycardia.

    POISONOUS ENCOUNTERS

  • Canadian actor Andre Noble died during a camping trip on July 30, 2004 after the accidental consumption of aconite from monkshood.
  • In January 2009, the British 'Curry Killer' Lakhvir Singh, killed her lover Lakhvinder Cheema with a curry dish laced with Indian Aconite. On 11 February 2010 she was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 23 years for the murder.
  • The roots of Aconitum ferox supply the Nepalese poison called bikh, bish, or nabee. It contains large quantities of the alkaloid pseudaconitine, which is a deadly poison. Aconitum palmatum yields another of the bikh poisons. The root of Aconitum luridum, of the Himalaya, is said to be as poisonous as that of A. ferox or A. napellus.
  • Several species of Aconitum have been used as arrow poisons. The Minaro in Ladakh use A. napellus on their arrows to hunt ibex, while the Ainu in Japan used a species of Aconitum to hunt bear. The Chinese also used Aconitum poisons both for hunting and for warfare.


  • ACONITE DETOXIFICATION

    Both Chinese medicine and Ayurveda have methods of processing aconite to reduce its toxicity. In Chinese medicine, the traditional pao zhi or preparation of Aconite is to steam it with ginger in a fairly elaborate procedure. Due to the variable levels of toxicity in any given sample of the dried herb, there are still issues with using it. Most, but not all cases, of aconite toxicity in Taiwan were due to the consumption of unprocessed aconite.

    According to an article by the Indian scientists Thorat and Dahanukar, "Crude aconite is an extremely lethal substance. However, the science of Ayurveda looks upon aconite as a therapeutic entity. Crude aconite is always processed i.e. it undergoes 'samskaras' before being utilized in the Ayurvedic formulations. This study was undertaken in mice, to ascertain whether 'processed' aconite is less toxic as compared to the crude or unprocessed one. It was seen that crude aconite was significantly toxic to mice (100 percent mortality at a dose of 2.6 mg/mouse) whereas the fully processed aconite was absolutely non-toxic (no mortality at a dose even 8 times as high as that of crude aconite). Further, all the steps in the processing were essential for complete detoxification."



    Sichuan Aconite - Fu Zi


    TCM PREPARED ACONITE ROOT (FU ZI)
    Radix Aconiti Praeparata
    Sichuan Aconite Root (Aconitum carmichaeli debx)
    Wild Aconite Root (Aconitum rusnezoffii Reichb)

    Properties: The herb is pungent in flaour, hot in nature, and toxic. It acts on the heart, spleen kidney channels. Being extremely pungent, the herb is good at supplementing fire and Yang, dispersing yin-cold, helping heart-yang, warming spleen-yang and kidney-yang, dispersing cold alleviating pain, and recuperating depleted Yang to rescue patients from collapse. Therefore, it is used to treat cold syndrome in the upper, the lower, the interior and the exterior.

    Effects: Supplementing fire and Yang, dispersing cold, alleviating pain, and recuperating depleted Yang to rescue patients from collapse.

    Indications:
    1. To treat deficiency of Yang-Qi and excessive Yin-cold in the interior with symptoms of cold limbs, profuse sweating and indistinct pulse, i. e Yang depletion, the herb is often used in combination with dried ginger and liquorice for strengthening the effects of recuperating depleted Yang to rescue patients from collapse, such as Sini Decoction.
    2. The herb is often used in combination with Chinese cassia bark, prepared rehmannia root, dogwood fruit and other herbs for supplementing fire and Yang, warming and replenishing essence and blood, to treat cold pain in the waist and knee, aversion to cold, cold limbs, frequent micturition, impotence, sterility and other syndromes caused by deficiency of kidney-yang and decline of the fire from the gate life; with dangshen, white atractylodes rhizome and dried ginger for warming and replenishing the spleen and kidney, dispersing cold and arresting diarrhea, such as Fuzi Lizhong Pill, to treat Yang-deficiency of the spleen and kidney, cold pain in the stomach and abdomen, loose stool, cold body and limbs; and with atractylodes rhizome, poria and other herbs for warming Yang, inducing diuresis and alleviating edema, to treat deficiency of kidney-yang, impaired water metabolism, edema and dysuria.
    3. The herb can be used in combination with cinnamom twig, white atractylodes rhizome, clematis root and other herbs for dispersing cold and alleviating pain, to treat arthralgia due to wind-cold or excessive cold; and with cinnamom twig, chuanxiong, Chinese angelica root and other herbs for warming the channels, dispersing cold, regulating menstruation and alleviating pain, to treat cold menses, stagnation of blood, dysmenorrhea and amenorrhea.

    Dosage & Administration: 3 to 15 grams. When prepared for a decoction, the herb should be boiled for 30 to 60 minutes in order to reduce its toxicity, before other drugs are added.

    Precautions: Contraindicated in pregnancy. In properties, the herb is opposite to pinellia tuber, mongolian snakegourd fruit, fritillary bulb, ampelopsis and hyacinth bletilla, and rhinoceros horm.

    Appendix: Aconite Root

    Aconite root is divided into Sichuan aconite root and wild aconite root. Sichuan aconite root is the axial root of the perennial herbaceous plant Aconium carmichaeli debx. of family Ranunculaceae; and wild aconite root is the tuber of Aconitum rusnezoffii Reichb. Similar to prepared aconite root in nature, flavour, channel tropism and effects, aconite root is particularly good at expelling wind, removing dampness, dispersing cold and alleviating pain. However, in toxicity, aconite root is stronger than prepared aconite root, and wild aconite root is stronger than prepared aconite root, and wild aconite root is stronger than Sichuan aconite root.

    The dosage is 3 to 9 grams for Sichuan aconite root and 1.5 to 4.5 grams for wild aconite root orally taken. When prepared for a decoction aconite root should be boiled for 30 to 60 minutes in order to reduce its toxicity before other drugs are added. Its precautions are the same as those of prepared aconite root.





    ACONITE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    HOMEOPATHIC DOSAGES

    HYLAND'S 6X DOSAGE: Adults dissolve 4 tablets under tongue 4 times a day, children 2 tablets as above, in acute cases take 4 tablets every hour until relieved, or as directed by a licensed practitioner. Discontinue when perspiration sets in.

    HYLAND'S 30X DOSAGE: Adults dissolve 4 tablets under tongue 4 times a day, children 2 tablets as above. In acute cases take 4 tablets every hour until relieved, or as directed by a licensed practitioner

    HYLAND'S 30C DOSAGE: Dissolve 3 to 6 pellets under tongue 3 to 4 times a day, repeat as required or as directed by a licensed practitioner. Children half adult dose. To be used according to label indications, standard homeopathic indications, or as directed by a licensed practitioner.

    BOIRON 6C, 30C, 200CK, 1M DOSAGE: For (adults/children): Dissolve 5 pellets in the mouth 3 times a day until symptoms are relieved or as directed by a health care practitioner

    BOERICKE & TAFEL DOSAGE INFORMATION: Sublingual medication. Place under tongue; let dissolve. Take when mouth is in natural condition, 1/2 hour before or after eating, brushing teeth, or drinking anything but water. Unless directed otherwise by health care provider:

    Adults: 3X to 12X & 6C to 12C: 10 pellets or 3 tablets every hour. As symptoms improve, decrease to every 4 hours, then twice daily. When symptoms disappear, stop medication.

    200, 1M: 10 pellets once a week.

    LM: 10 pellets dissolved in water, twice a day. When symptoms disappear, stop medication.

    For advice on high potencies, consult a knowledgeable practitioner. Child 2 to 12 (check warnings on other side of insert): Half adult dose. Child under 2: Only on advice & supervision of a practitioner. Warnings: Do not self-diagnose. Homeopathic medicines are often prescribed professionally for conditions other than those listed on the insert. In such cases, follow your health care provider's advice. Homeopathic medicines are safe and remarkably free from side effects. Your condition, however, may require special care, so please observe the following: If symptoms do not improve within 7 days, consult a practitioner. If cough persists for more than 1 week, tends to recur, or is accompanied by high fever, rash or persistent headache, consult a practitioner. Do not take this product to persistent or chronic cough such as occurs with smoking, asthma, or emphysema, or if cough is accompanied by excessive phlegm (mucus) unless directed by a practitioner. If fever persists for more than 3 days, gets worse, or if new symptoms occur, or if redness or swelling is present, consult a practitioner. As with any drug, if you are pregnant or nursing a baby, seek the advice of a health professional before using this product. Keep out of the reach of children.

    HERBAL INFORMATION

    Aconite stems and flowers are most commonly used in formulations and are ingredients in many products. An example of dosage for Children with Tonsillitis by a dose of 1 to 2 minims for child 5 to 10 years old has worked extremely well. Proper dilution of this herb can be safe for the treatment of your condition; however, due to the toxicity of this plant, it is advised that Aconite be used only under the supervision of a health care practitioner familiar with botanical medicine or by a qualified homeopathic practitioner.



    ACONITE HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE (Homeopathic Laboratories)

    Homeopathic Name: Aconitum Nap./ Aconitum Napellus (Aconite, Monkshood)
    Key Attributes: Colds, Fever.
    Formula: Aconitum Napellus Colds and fevers, sudden onset. A state of fear, anxiety; anguish of mind and body. Physical and mental restlessness, fright, is the most characteristic manifestation of Aconite. Acute, sudden, and violent invasion, with fever, call for it. Does not want to be touched. Sudden and great sinking of strength. Complaints and tension caused by exposure to dry, cold weather, draught of cold air, checked perspiration, also complaints from very hot weather, especially gastro-intestinal disturbances, etc. Aconite is a first remedy in inflammation, inflammatory fevers. Serous membranes and muscular tissues affected markedly. Burning in internal parts; tingling, coldness, and numbness. Influenza. Tension of arteries; emotional and physical mental tension explain many symptoms. When prescribing Aconite remember Aconite causes only functional disturbance, no evidence that it can produce tissue change - its action is brief and shows no periodicity. Its sphere is in the beginning of an acute disease and not to be continued after pathological change comes. In Hyperaemia, congestion not after exudation has set in. Influenza (Influenzin).

    SPECIFIC SIGNS & SYMPTOMS INDICATING HOMEPATHIC ACONITE USE
    • Mind: Great fear, anxiety and worry accompany every ailment, however trivial. Delirium is characterized by unhappiness, worry, fear, raving, rarely unconsciousness. Forebodings and fears, fears death but believes that he will soon die; predicts the day. Fears the future, a crowd, crossing the street. Restlessness, tossing about. Tendency to start. Imagination acute, clairvoyance. Pains are intolerable; they drive him crazy. Music is unbearable; makes her sad. (Ambra.) Thinks his thoughts come from the stomach - that parts of his body are abnormally thick. Feels as if what had just been done was a dream.

    • Head: Fullness; heavy, pulsating, hot, bursting, burning, undulating sensation. Intercranial pressure. (Hedera Helix.) Burning headache, as if brain were moved by boiling water (Indigo.). Vertigo; worse on rising (Nux-vomica, Opium) and shaking head. Sensation on vertex as if hair were pulled or stood on end. Nocturnal furious delirium.

    • Eyes: Red, inflamed. Feel dry and hot, as if sand in them. Lids swollen, hard and red. Aversion to light. Profuse watering after exposure to dry, cold winds, reflection from snow, after extraction of cinders and other foreign bodies.

    • Ears: Very sensitive to noises; music is unbearable. External ear hot, red, painful, swollen. Earache. (Chamomile) Sensation as of drop of water in left ear.

    • Nose: Smell acutely sensitive. Pain at root of nose. Coryza, much sneezing; throbbing in nostrils. Hemorrhage of bright red blood. Mucous membrane dry, nose stopped up; dry or with but scanty watery coryza.

    • Face: Red, hot, flushed, swollen. One cheek red, the other pale (Cham., Ip.). On rising the red face becomes deathly pale, or he becomes dizzy. Tingling in cheeks and numbness. Neuralgia, especially on left side, with restlessness, tingling, and numbness. Pain in jaws.

    • Mouth: Numb, dry, and tingling. Tongue swollen; Tip tingles. Teeth sensitive to cold. Constantly moves lower jaw as if chewing. Gums hot and inflamed. Tongue coated white. (Ant-c.)

    • Throat: Red, dry, constricted, numb, prickling, burning, stinging. Tonsils swollen and dry.

    • Stomach: Vomiting, with fear, heat, profuse sweat and increased urination. Thirst for cold water. Bitter taste of everything except water. Intense thirst. Drinks, vomits, and declares he will die. Vomiting, bilious, mucous and bloody, greenish. Pressure in stomach with dyspnea. Hematemesis. Burning from stomach to oesophagus.

    • Abdomen: Hot, tense, tympanitic. sensitive to touch. Colic, no position relieves. Abdominal symptoms better after warm soup. Burning in umbilical region.

    • Rectum: Pain with nightly itching and stitching in anus. Frequent, small stool with tenesmus; Green, like chopped herbs. White with red urine. Choleraic discharges with collapse, and restlessness. Bleeding hemorrhoids. (Ham) Watery diarrhoea in children. They cry and complain much, are sleepless and restless.

    • Urine: Scanty, red, hot, painful. Tenesmus and burning at neck of bladder. Burning in urethra. Urine suppressed, bloody. Anxiety always on beginning to urinate. Retention, with screaming, with screaming and restlessness, and handling of genitals. Renal region sensitive. Profuse urination, with profuse perspiration and diarrhea.

    • Male: Crawling and stinging in glans. Bruised pain in testicles, swollen, hard. Frequent erections and emissions. Painful erections.

    • Female: Vagina dry, hot, sensitive. Menses too profuse, with nosebleed, too protracted, late. Frenzy on appearance of menses. Suppressed from fright, cold, in plethoric subjects. Ovaries congested and painful. Sharp shooting pains in womb. After-pains, with fear and restlessness.

    • Respiratory: Constant pressure in left chest; oppressed breathing on least motion. Hoarse, dry, croupy cough; loud, labored breathing. Child grasps at throat every time he coughs. Very sensitive to inspired air. Shortness of breath. Larynx sensitive. Stitches through chest. Cough, dry, short, hacking; worse at night and after midnight. Hot feeling in lungs. Blood comes up with hawking. Tingling in chest after cough.

    • Heart: Tachycardia. Affections of the heart with pain in left shoulder. Stitching pain in chest. Palpation, with anxiety, fainting, and tingling in fingers. Pulse full, hard; tense and bounding; sometimes intermits. Temporal and carotid arteries felt when sitting.

    • Back: Numb, stiff, painful. Crawling and tingling, as if bruised. Stiffness in nape of neck. Bruised pain between scapulae.

    • Extremities: Numbness and tingling; shooting pains; icy coldness and insensibility of hands and feet. Arms feel lame, bruised, heavy, numb. Pain down left arm (Cact. Crotal., Kalmia, Tab.) Hot hands and cold feet. Rheumatic inflammation of joints; worse at night; red shining swelling, very sensitive. Hip-joint and thigh feel lame, especially after lying down. Knees unsteady; disposition of foot to turn. (Aesc.) Weak and lax ligaments of all joints. Painless cracking of all joints. Bright red hypothenar eminences on both hands. Sensation as if drops of water trickled down the thigh.

    • Sleep: Nightmares. Nightly ravings. Anxious dreams. Sleeplessness, with restless and tossing about (Use thirtieth potency.) Starts up in sleep. Long dreams, with anxiety in chest. Insomnia of the aged.

    • Skin: Red, hot, swollen, dry, burning. Purpura miliaris. Rash like measles. Gooseflesh. Formication and numbness. Chilliness and formication down back. Pruritus relieved by stimulants.

    • Fever: Cold stage most marked. Cold sweat and icy coldness of face. Coldness and heat alternate. Evening chilliness soon after going to bed. Cold waves pass through him. Thirst and restlessness always present. Chilly if uncovered or touched. Dry heat, red face. Most valuable febrifuge with mental anguish, restlessness, etc. Sweat drenching, on parts lain on; relieving all symptoms.

    • Aggravation: Worse in warm room, in evening and night; worse lying on affected side, from music, from tobacco-smoke, dry, cold winds.

    • Amelioration: Better in open air.

    • Relationship: Vinegar in large doses is antidotal to poisonous effects. Acids, wine and coffee, lemonade, and acid fruits modify its action. Not indicated in malarial and low fevers or hectic and pyemic conditions, and in inflammations when they localize themselves. Sulphur often follows it. Compare Cham and Coffea intense pain and sleeplessness. Agrostis acts like Acon. in fever and inflammations, also Spiranthes.

    Complementary: Coffea; Sulph. Sulphur may be considered a chronic Aconite. Often completes a cure begun with Aconite.
    Compare: Bell.; Cham.; Coffea; Ferr-p.
    • Aconitine: (Heavy feeling as of lead; pains in supraorbital nerve; ice-cold sensations creep up; hydrophobia symptoms. Tinnitus aurium 3X.) Tingling sensation.
    • Aconitum Lycoctonum (Great Yellow Wolfsbane: (Swelling of glands; Hodgkin's disease. Diarrhoea after eating pork. Itching of nose, eyes, anus and vulva. Skin of nose cracked; taste of blood.)
    • Aconitum Cammarum: (Headache with vertigo and tinnitus. Cataleptic symptoms. Formication of tongue, lips and face.)
    • Aconitum Ferox (Indian Aconite): Rather more violent in its actions than A. napellus. It is more diuretic and less anti-pyretic. It has proved valuable in cardia dyspnea, neuralgia, and acute gout. Dyspnea. Must sit up. Rapid respiration. Anxiety, with suffocation from feeling of paralysis in respiratory muscles. Cheyne-Stokes breathing. Quebracho (cardiac dyspnea). (Achyranthes. A Mexican drug - very similar to Aconite in fevers, but of larger range, being also adapted to typhoidal states and intermittents. Muscular rheumatism. A great diaphoretic. Use 6X.) Eranthis hymnalis - (Winter Aconite - acts on solar plexus and works upwards causing dyspnea. Pain in occiput and neck.)

    Dose: Sixth potency for sensory affections; first to third for congestive conditions. Must be repeated frequently in acute diseases. Acon. is a rapid worker. In Neuralgias tincture of the root often preferable, one drop doses (poisonous), or again, the 30th potency according to susceptibility of patient. Use for a state of fear, anxiety; anguish of mind and body. Physical and mental restlessness, fright, is the most characteristic manifestation of Aconite. Acute, sudden, and violent invasion, with fever, call for it. Does not want to be touched. Sudden and great sinking of strength. Complaints and tension caused by exposure to dry, cold weather, draught of cold air, checked perspiration, also complaints from very hot weather, especially gastro-intestinal disturbances, etc.

    Our knowledge of this alkaloid is chiefly derived from cases of poisoning and over-dosing. The numbness, tingling, prickling and heat of the Aconite provings are produced by the alkaloid, but with increased intensity. On local application, first there is sensation of warmth, then of burning with sharp pains and itching, finally numbness and anaesthesia.

    The symptoms often proceed from below upwards: "A tingling, prickling sensation, running up leg to spine and head, and tingling of fingers." "Ice-cold sensation creeps up from his feet." Fear of death, anguish, intense chilliness, feeling of sickness, constricting burning sensation, extending from mouth to stomach. Twitchings and spasms over whole body, especially in face. All symptoms are better by vomiting.

    The symptoms of Aconite set in with great rapidity, and develop with extreme intensity. If recovery occurs it is rapid and complete. There is relaxation of the limbs and every exertion worse the symptoms. Worse By mental exertion, by agitation. Worse By touch. Erect Position causes nausea.

    Information obtained from: www.homeopathiclaboratories.com/resources/acon.htm
    Products available from: www.homeopathiclaboratories.com/products/details.html?productid=ACON and www.homeopathiclaboratories.com/products/moredetails.html?productid=ACON





    Acontium flower


    ACONITE SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS

    SAFETY CONCERNS

    The root of Aconite is highly poisonous and can cause death. Do not use on open wounds. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known. Also, Aconite should be avoided by anyone taking medication for high blood pressure or drugs that increasse the risk of heartbeat irregularities.





    ACONITE SUPPLEMENTS & RELATED PRODUCTS

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    ACONITE / ACONITUM HOMEOPATHIC PRODUCTS

    Aconite (Aconitum Napellus) homeopathic is used for the Initial stages of fevers and inflammations brought about by exposure to dry cold weather, with anxiety, restlessness and thirst. Aconitum Napellus (Aconite, monkshood) is a homeopathic remedy for initial stages of fever and inflammation brought about by exposure to dry cold, with anxiety, restlessness and thirst. Adults dissolve 4 tablets under tongue 4 times a day, children 2 tablets as above, in acute cases take 4 tablets every hour until relieved, or as directed by a licensed practitioner. Discontinue when perspiration sets in.

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    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 2 fl. oz.: GL
    Kalyx: Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 4 fl. oz.: GL
    Kalyx: Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 8 fl. oz.: GL
    Kalyx: Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 16 fl. oz.: GL
    Kalyx: Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root Fluid Extract, Golden Lotus, 32 fl. oz.: GL
    Kalyx: Aconitum spp.; Radix Praeparata, Cao Wu, Zhi (Prepared Aconite Root), Cut & Sifted, NuHerb, 1 lb: TC
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    Kalyx: Aconitum carmichaelii; Radix Praeparata, Chuan Wu, Zhi (Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root), Cut & Sifted, NuHerb, 1 lb: TC
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    Kalyx: Aconitum carmichaeli; Radix, Herbal Times Chuan Wu (Zhi) (Prepared Sichuan Aconite Root) 5:1 Single Herb Extract Powder, NuHerbs, 100 Grams: TC
    Kalyx: Aconitum kusnezoffii; Radix, Herbal Times Cao Wu (Zhi) (Prepared Aconite Root) 5:1 Single Herb Extract Powder, NuHerbs, 100 Grams: TC
    Kalyx: Aconite, Ginseng, & Ginger Combination (Fu Zi Li Zhong Tang) Granules, Sun Ten, 100 Grams (3.5 oz): V (Special Order)
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    Kalyx: Aconite, Ginseng, & Ginger Combination (Fu Zi Li Zhong Tang), Sun Ten, 500 mg, 100 Caps: V (Special Order)
    Kalyx: G.L. & Aconite Combination with Ginseng (Si Ni Jia Ren Shen Tang), Sun Ten, 500 mg, 100 Caps: V (Special Order)
    Kalyx: Myrrh & Aconite Formula (Xiao Hou Lou Dan), Sun Ten, 500 mg, 100 Capsules: V (Special Order)
    Kalyx: Golden Book Teapills (Eight Flavored Rehmannia Pills with Aconite & Cinnamon, Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan), Plum Flower, 200 Pills: V (Special Order)
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