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ACACIA GUM ARABIC HERBAL DESCRIPTION
COMMON & BOTANICAL NAMES
Acacia is also known as Gum Arabic, Acacia senegal, and Acacia catechu.
Acacia senegal (acacia gum or true gum arabic)
Acacia nilotica (Indian gum arabic)
Acacia seyhal (talha)
Acacia arabica bark (Babul Chall)
Acacia nilotica is also known as Al-sant, babul, Egyptian thorn, prickly acacia, Sant tree, scented thorn, thorn mimosa. Not to be confused with Arabic gum, Cassia gum, or Yemen gum.Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, chaar gund, char goond, or meska, is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree; Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal.
ACACIA PLANT DESCRIPTION
The Acacia trees of the Darfur region of Sudan are harvested for resins variously known as gum arabic, Indian gum arabic, or talha. Although acacia trees are found throughout the 'gum belt' of sub-Saharan Africa, Chad, Eritrea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan, the plant is most abundant in Sudan and the most abundant harvest of Acacia gum is produced in the Sudan.
The Acacia is a plant in the family Mimosacaea, related to the mimosas of the southern United States and a close cousin of the legumes. It would not be inaccurate to think of the acacia as a tree-sized, woody, spiny bean. The acacia tree (Acacia Senegal) is a thorny, scraggly tree that grows to heights of about 15 feet. It grows most prolifically in regions of Africa, in particlular in the Republic of Sudan. The plant only produces acacia gum under adverse conditions, such as poor soil, drought, or heat, and damaged trees produce more gum. During times of drought, the bark of the tree splits, exuding a sap that dries in small droplets or "tears". In the past, these hardened sap tears served as the major source of acacia gum, but today commercial acacia gum is derived by tapping trees periodically and collecting the resin semi-mechanically. At least three grades of acacia gum are available commercially and their quality is distinguished by the color and character in the collected tears. There is considerable variation in the gum quality depending on whether it is obtained by natural flow secondary to extreme drought, obtained by tapping or induced by the boring of beetles at sites of branch injury. Gums derived from Combretum are readily available at low prices in East and West Africa and are often offered for sale as "gum arabic".
In the Southwestern United States a potentially toxic plant (a species of Acacia) known locally as una de gato (cat's claw) is frequently confused with the medicinal plant una de gato from the Peruvian Amazon (Uncaria tomentosa). It is not the rainforest herb, and it is not a source of acacia gum, although it is sometimes sold in hierberas as either or both.
Ancient Hebrews considered Acacia to be the Shittah tree of the Bible which supplied the sacred wood. The Ark of the Covenant and the sacred Tabernacle were made from Acacia wood. As a spiritual icon it is also one of the most powerful "symbols" in Freemasonry representing the eternal soul and purity of the soul. The ancient Egyptians used the gum of the tree on loose teeth because its thick mucilaginous (thick and sticky) properties supported the tooth while the astringent qualities tightened up the gum tissue surrounding the loose tooth. The Egyptians also used the material as a glue and as a pain reliever base. The gum of the Acacia tree was applied to open wounds as an antiseptic. The Aztecs used it as a food and dye, and ate the seedpods as an aphrodisiac.
While gum arabic is now produced mostly throughout the African Sahel, it is still harvested and used in the Middle East. For example, Arab populations use the natural gum to make a chilled, sweetened, and flavored gelato-like dessert. Gum arabic is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and has E number E414. Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosity control in inks and in textile industries, although less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles.
ACACIA PLANT PARTS USED
Gum Arabic, also known as Gum Acacia, is a natural gum made of the hardened sap taken from two species of the Acacia tree, Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. The gum is harvested commercially from wild trees throughout the Sahel from Senegal and Sudan to Somalia, although it has been historically cultivated in Arabia and West Asia.
ACACIA CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS-COMPONENTS
Chemically, Acacia gum is a complex combination of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. On the molecular level, this arabino-galactan-protein complex is a beautiful amalgamation of complex branches, trapping water in its 'folds' for the use of the plant. It was historically the source of the sugars arabinose and ribose, both of which were first discovered and isolated from it, and are named after it.
Acacia-Gum Arabic (also known as acacia gum, Senegal gum, Kordofan gum and other names) is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree (specifically Acacia senegal). Its name aside the source of this gum is Africa, primarily Sudan. The name Arabic, may have come from the fact the it was often purchased from Arab traders. Traces of this gum have been found archelogial sites in Egypt that have been dated around 3400 b.c.e. Aside from its use in inks, gum arabic is used in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is these stabilizing and binding properties that make the gum useful for ink making as well. Other uses for gum Arabic include pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, wine filtering, shoe polish, and even the lickable adhesive on postage stamps. 60 to 70 percent of the world production of gum Arabic is used in the food industry and in human and animal medicine.
While Acacia gum has been harvested in Arabia, Egypt, and West Asia since antiquity, sub-Saharan acacia gum has a long history as a prized export. The gum exported came from the band of acacia trees which once covered much of the Sahel region: the southern littoral of the Sahara Desert running from the Atlantic to the Red Sea. Today, the main populations of gum-producing Acacia species are harvested in Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. Acacia senegal is tapped for gum by cutting holes in the bark, from which a product called kordofan or Senegal gum is exuded. Seyal gum, from Acacia seyal, the species more prevalent in East Africa, is collected from naturally occurring extrusions on the bark. Traditionally harvested by seminomadic desert pastoralists in the course of their transhumance cycle, acacia gum remains a main export of several African nations, including Mauritania, Niger, Chad, and Sudan. The hardened extrusions are collected in the middle of the rainy season (harvesting usually begins in July), and exported at the start of the dry season (November). Total world gum arabic exports are today (2008) estimated at 60,000 tonnes, having recovered from 1987-1989 and 2003-2005 crises caused by the destruction of trees by the desert locust. Sudan, Chad, and Nigeria, which in 2007 together produced 95 percent of world exports, have been in discussions to create a producers' cartel.
SenegambiaIn 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on Arguin Island (off the coast of modern Mauritania), which acquired acacia gum and slaves for Portugal. With the merger of the Portuguese and Spanish crowns in 1580, the Spaniards became the dominant influence along the coast. In 1638, however, they were replaced by the Dutch, who were the first to begin exploiting the acacia gum trade. Produced by the acacia trees of Trarza and Brakna, and used in textile pattern printing, this acacia gum was considered superior to that previously obtained in Arabia. By 1678, the French had driven out the Dutch and established a permanent settlement at Saint Louis at the mouth of the Senegal River, where the French Company of the Senegal River had been trading for more than fifty years.
Moorish tribes meet to trade gum arabic at Bakel on the Senegal river, 1890. For much of the 19th century, gum arabic was the major export from French and British trading colonies in modern Senegal and Mauritania. France in particular first came into conflict with inland African states over the supply of the commodity, providing an early spur for the conquest of French West Africa. As the Atlantic slave trade weakened in the early 19th century, The Emirate of Trarza and its neighbors, in what is today southern Mauritania, collected taxes on trade, especially gum arabic, which the French were purchasing in ever-increasing quantities for its use in industrial fabric production. West Africa had become the sole supplier of world acacia gum by the 18th century, and its export at the French colony of Saint-Louis doubled in the decade of 1830 alone. Taxes, and a threat to bypass Saint-Louis by sending gum to the British traders at Portendick, eventually brought the Emirate of Trarza into direct conflict with the French. In the 1820s, the French launched the Franco-Trarzan War of 1825. The new emir, Muhammad al Habib, had signed an agreement with the Waalo Kingdom, directly to the south of the river. In return for an end to raids in Waalo territory, the Emir took the heiress of Waalo as a bride. The prospect that Trarza might inherit control of both banks of the Senegal struck at the security of French traders, and the French responded by sending a large expeditionary force that crushed Muhammad's army. The war incited the French to expand to the north of the Senegal River for the first time, heralding French direct involvement in the interior of West Africa. Gum Arabic continued to be exported in large quantities from the Sahel areas of French West Africa (modern Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger) and French Equatorial Africa (modern Chad) until these nations gained their independence in 1959 to 1961.
Although from the 1950s to the early 1990s, Sudan accounted for roughly 80 percent of gum arabic production, today, that figure is under 50 percent. Hundreds of thousands of poor Sudanese are dependent on gum arabic for their livelihoods. It is, however, still the world's largest single producer, and the production of gum arabic is heavily controlled by the Sudanese government. The connection between Sudan and Osama bin Laden brought the otherwise innocuous gum to public consciousness in 2001, as an urban legend arose that bin Laden owned a significant fraction of the gum arabic production in Sudan, and therefore one should boycott products using it. This story took on somewhat significant proportions, mostly due to an article in The Daily Telegraph a few days after the September 11 attacks, which echoed this claim. Eventually, the State Department issued a release stating that while Osama bin Laden had once had considerable holdings in Sudanese gum arabic production, he divested himself of these when he was expelled from Sudan in 1996.
In a press conference held at the Washington Press Club on 30 May 2007, John Ukec Lueth Ukec, Sudan's ambassador to the United States, threatened to stop exportation of gum arabic from his country if sanctions were imposed. The sanctions proposed by the United States were a political response from the United States to the alleged connection between the government of Sudan and the Janjaweed militia group. Ukec made his speech surrounded by Coca-Cola products, although other sodas use acacia gum as an emulsifier, as well. Ukec was quoted at the Washington press conference, "I want you to know that the gum arabic which runs all the soft drinks all over the world, including the United States, mainly 80 percent is imported from my country," which he said after raising a bottle of Coca-Cola. According to the Washington Post, a reporter then asked if Sudan was threatening to "stop the export of gum arabic and bring down the Western world." To which Ukec replied, "I can stop that gum arabic and all of us will have lost this," and gestured to the Coke bottle.
ACACIA MARKET INFORMATION
There are two main types of Acacia used as hydrocolloids: Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal. Senegal grade is an emulsifier, much used in beverage emulsions. Seyal grade is used in confectionery, coatings and as a soluble dietary fiber. Sudan is one of the major sources of gum arabic. Prices at the end of 2012: Senegal $6.00 to 6.50/kg and Seyal $3.00-3.50/kg.
ACACIA USES & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
A VARIETY OF USES
Today Gum Acacia is used to provide a soothing coating over inflammations in the respiratory, alimentary, and urinary tracts. It is also helpful for coughs, sore throat, and catarrh, eyewash, diarrhea, and dysentery. Acacia is sometimes used for typhoid fever as well. Acacia is highly soluble, with low viscosity and a high soluble dietary fiber content, and therefore, used in meal replacement products, nutritional beverages, and weight-loss products. Acacia gum has been used in food as a stabilizer and in pharmaceuticals as a demulcent. It is used topically for healing wounds and has been shown to inhibit the growth of periodontal bacteria and the early deposition of plaque.
Gum arabic, a complex mixture of polysaccharides and glycoproteins, is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and has E number E414. Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosity control in inks and in textile industries, although less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles. While gum arabic is now produced mostly throughout the African Sahel, it is still harvested and used in the Middle East. For example, Arab populations use the natural gum to make a chilled, sweetened, and flavored gelato-like dessert.
Acacia gum is used in a variety of products ranging from ink to ice cream. In herbal medicine, the gum is used to bind pills and lozenges and to stabilize emulsions. It is also used to produce a medium for applying essential oils, balsams, resins, camphor, and musk. Acacia gum forms strings when combined with cherry extract.
MEDICINAL & FOOD USES
The Gum Acacia tree plant is astringent, demulcent, nutritive, expectorant, and also an aphrodisiac. It is traditionally used, as a strong decoction, in the treatment of gonorrhea with dropsy, cough, diarrhea, as a gargle for spongy gums, apthous stomatitis, cancer, and sore throat, or as a douche or enema in gonorrhea, cystitis, vaginitis, leucorrhea, piles, and anal prolapse. It is helpful in managing conditions involving hemmorrhagic ulcers and wounds, dysentery, diabetes mellitus, conjuctivitis, fever, burns, bleeding, catarrh, sexual debility, and genito-urinary complaints. King's American Dispensatory, a guide to herbal medications for American physicians during the era when herbal medications were the preferred method of treatment (published in 1898), recommended acacia gum for treating any condition that could benefit from a soothing coating. It exerts a soothing influence upon irritated or inflamed mucous tissues by shielding them from the influence of deleterious agents, atmospheric air, etc. On this account it has been used for the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery to remove tenesmus and painful stools, in catarrh, coughs, hoarseness, and for the treatment of gonorrhea and urinary-tract problems (ardor urinate). Up until the 1940's, health care practitioners frequently used acacia gums in water or sugar syrup to treat sore throat, laryngitis, diarrhea, and urinary tract infections. Pastes of acacia gum in water were used as an herbal bandage for scalds and burns.
Gum Acacia is highly nutritious. During the time of the gum harvest, the Moors of the desert are said to live almost entirely on it, and it has been proved that 6 ounces is sufficient to support an adult for twenty-four hours. It is related that the Bushman Hottentots have been known in times of scarcity to support themselves on it for days together. In many cases of disease, it is considered that a solution of Gum Arabic may for a time constitute the exclusive drink and food of the patient. It may be given almost ad libitum in powder, lozenge, or solution, alone or combined with syrups, decoctions, etc.
In acute diseases, where it becomes necessary to use the lightest and most readily digested food, there is no article, probably, equal to gum arabic. It may be used for this purpose by dissolving half an ounce of the powdered gum in 5 ounces of water, and sweetening with loaf-sugar, of which a tablespoonful may be given every 2 or 3 hours; in low stages of fever, in typhoid fever, and wherever a mild stimulant is required, 1 ounce of a saturated solution of camphor in sulphuric ether may be added to the above, and administered in the same way; it is diuretic, promotes the action of the absorbents, and does not materially increase arterial action. Equal parts of pulverized alum and gum arabic form a good preparation to check hemorrhages from small cuts, wounds, etc. Externally, the application of its solution to burns and scalds has proved serviceable, repeating it until a complete coating is secured. It is likewise much used for compounding pills, lozenges, mixtures, and emulsions; also for administering insoluble substances in water, as oils, resins, balsams, camphor, musk, etc.
According to the Eclectic Materia Medica, 1922 (Felter), Acacia is largely employed in the preparation of pills and in the emulsification of oils and resins. It is demulcent and probably slightly nutritive. In the form of a solution or mucilage it is an agreeable lenitive for irritated and inflamed membranes, and for this purpose is frequently used in medicinal preparations for coughs, colds, hoarseness, pharyngitis, gastric irritation and inflammation, diarrhea, dysentery, ardor urinae, etc. It also forms a good mucilage in which to suspend heavy and insoluble powders. When the stomach is irritable in low fevers and in pulmonary tuberculosis, a half ounce of acacia may be dissolved in 5 fluidounces of water, sweetened with sugar, and given in tablespoonful doses occasionally to relieve the sense of hunger when but little food can be taken. Mucilage of acacia is soothing to burns and scalds of the mouth and alimentary canal, and may be used as a demulcent after poisoning by irritant and corrosive poisons. Acacia may be given freely and at pleasure, in the form of powder, troches, mucilage, or syrup, as desired.
Gum arabic's mixture of polysaccharides and glycoproteins gives it the properties of a glue and binder which is edible by humans. Other substances have replaced it in situations where their toxicity is not an issue, as the proportions of the various chemicals in gum arabic vary widely and make it unpredictable. Still, it remains an important ingredient in soft drink syrups, "hard" gummy candies such as gumdrops, marshmallows, M&M's chocolate candies, and edible glitter, a very popular, modern cake-decorating staple. For artists, it is the traditional binder used in watercolor paint, in photography for gum printing, and it is used as a binder in pyrotechnic compositions. It has been investigated for use in intestinal dialysis. Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics also use the gum as a binder, emulsifying agent and a suspending or viscosity increasing agent. Gum arabic has been used in the past as a wine fining agent.
Acacia is an important ingredient in shoe polish, and can be used in making homemade incense cones. It is also used as a lickable adhesive, for example on postage stamps and cigarette papers. Lithographic printers employ it to keep the non-image areas of the plate receptive to water. This treatment also helps to stop oxidation of aluminium printing plates in the interval between processing of the plate and its use on a printing press.
PAINTING & ART
Powdered gum Acacia for artists, one part gum arabic is dissolved in four parts distilled water to make a liquid suitable for adding to pigments. A selection of gouaches containing gum arabic. Gum Acacia is used as a binder for watercolor painting because it dissolves easily in water. Pigment of any color is suspended within the acacia gum in varying amounts, resulting in watercolor paint. Water acts as a vehicle or a diluent to thin the watercolor paint and helps to transfer the paint to a surface such as paper. When all moisture evaporates, the acacia gum binds the pigment to the paper surface. After the water evaporates, the acacia gum in the paint film increases luminosity and helps prevent the colors from lightening. Gum arabic allows more precise control over washes, because it prevents them from flowing or bleeding beyond the brush stroke. In addition, acacia gum slows evaporation of water, giving slightly longer working time.
Gum Arabic is the binder of choice for ink for three reasons. First it keeps all the ingredients evenly suspended in the ink mixture. This is because the gum is a superb emulsifier, coating the other particles in the ink, changing their surface chemistry helping them disperse through the liquid. This also helps to bind the coloring agent to the paper after the water dries out. Secondly the gum increases the viscosity of the ink which allows it to flow evenly from the quill and keeps it from bleeding to surrounding areas of the parchment. Finally the gum increases the brilliancy and gloss of the ink. An additional benefit is that the gum Arabic serves as a buffer preventing ferro-galllic acids in the ink from corroding the parchment, a problem often found in old documents. Gum arabic is mentioned in the Kesses Hasofer (chapter 3) as an ingredient in dyo (ink for use in Stam) and continues to be used in Stam even today.
The historical photography process of gum bichromate photography uses gum Acacia mixed with ammonium or potassium dichromate and pigment to create a colored photographic emulsion that becomes relatively insoluble in water upon exposure to ultraviolet light. In the final print, the acacia gum permanently binds the pigments onto the paper.
Gum Acacia is also used to protect and etch an image in lithographic processes. Ink tends to fill into white space on photosensitive aluminum plates if they do not receive a layer of gum. In lithography, the gum etch is used to etch the most subtle gray tones. Phosphoric acid is added in varying concentrations to the acacia gum to etch the darker tones up to dark blacks. Multiple layers of gum are used after the etching process to build up a protective barrier that ensures the ink does not fill into the whitespace of the image being printed. It is also possible to print from black and white photocopies using a 50-percent Gum arabic solution. This is carefully sponged onto the photocopy, and oil-based ink of any color is rollered over the photocopy. The ink can be removed fairly easily from the white areas by carefully wiping with a damp sponge and the "paper plate" used to print using an etching press.
Gum Acacia is also used as a water-soluble binder in fireworks composition.
Effect on surface tension in liquidsAcacia gum reduces the surface tension of liquids, which leads to increased fizzing in carbonated beverages. This can be exploited in what is known as a Diet Coke and Mentos eruption.
Information obtained in part from Wikipedia.com
ACACIA GUM ARABIC DOSAGE INFORMATION
Acacia is used in a variety of products ranging from ink to ice cream. In herbal medicine, the gum is used to bind pills and lozenges and to stabilize emulsions. It is also used to produce a medium for applying essential oils, balsams, resins, camphor, and musk. Acacia gum forms strings when combined with cherry extract.
Gum Acacia is usually dissolved in water to make a mucilage in which a standard dose is from 1 to 4 teaspoons; however, there are syrup formulations that mix 1 part mucilage with 3 parts of a syrup. The standard dose of Acacia syrup is from 1 to 4 teaspoons. Gum Arabic, or Acacia can be found in numerous products and formulations.
Acacia Bark (Acacia arabica), also known as Wattle Bark or Babul Chall (Ayurvedic medicine), is obtained from the chief of the Australian Wattles, the Black Wattle, and is collected from wild or cultivated trees, seven years old or more, and must be allowed to mature for a year before being used medicinally. Acacia Bark contains from 24 to 42 percent of tannin (gallic acid). Acacia Bark's powerful astringency causes this herb to be extensively employed in the tanning industry. Medicinally, Acacia Bark is employed as a substitute for Oak Bark. Acacia Bark has special use in diarrhea, mainly in the form of a decoction, the British Pharmacopoeia preparation being 6 parts in 100 administered in doses of 1/2 to 2 fluid ounces. The decoction also is used as an astringent gargle, lotion, or injection. According to Ayurveda, Babul Chall (acacia arabica bark) is a powerful astringent and a decoction of the bark is largely used as a gargle and mouth wash in cancerous conditions. A liquid extract is prepared from the bark, administered in India for its astringent properties in doses of 1/2 to 1 fluid, but the use of both gum and bark for industrial purposes is much larger than their use in medicine. The bark, under the name of Babul, is used for tanning, and also for dyeing various shades of brown.
Gum arabic is the sap of the Acacia senegal tree, and some other African species of Acacia, occurring as an exudate from the trunks and branches. It is normally collected by hand when dried, when it resembles a hard, amber-like resin normally referred to as 'tears'. Gum arabic powder is widely used in the food industry, as an emulsifier, thickener, flavor encapsulator and thickening agent. Grieve's classic 'A Modern Herbal': Gum Acacia is a demulcent and serves by the viscidity of its solution to cover and sheathe inflamed surfaces. It is usually administered in the form of a mucilage - Mucilago Acaciae, British Pharmacopoeia and United States Pharmacopoeia made from small pieces of Gum Acacia dissolved in water and strained (1 in 8.75). Dose: in syrup, 1 to 4 drachms of the gum. Mucilage of Acacia is a nearly transparent, colorless or scarcely yellowish, viscid liquid, having a faint, rather agreeable odor and an insipid taste. It is employed as a soothing agent in inflammatory conditions of the respiratory, digestive and urinary tract, and is useful in diarrhea and dysentery. It exerts a soothing influence upon all the surfaces with which it comes in contact. It may be diluted and flavored to suit the taste. In low stages of typhoid fever, this mucilage, sweetened, is greatly recommended. The ordinary dose of the mucilage is from 1 to 4 fluid drachms.
In dispensing, Mucilage of Acacia is used for suspending insoluble powders in mixtures, for emulsifying oils and other liquids which are not miscible with water, and as an ingredient of many cough tinctures. The British Pharmacopoeia directs it to be used as an excipient in the preparation of troches. Compound Mucilage of Acacia - Pill-coating Acacia - is made from Gum Acacia, 1 in 10, with tragacanth, chloroform and water, and is used for moistening pills previous to coating.
Gum Acacia is an ingredient of the official Pilula Ferri, Pulvis Amygdalae compositus, Pulvis Tragacanthae compositus, all the official Trochisci, and various syrups, pastes and pastilles or jujubes. Acacia Mixture, Mistura Acaciae of the British Pharmacopoeia Codex, is made from Gum Acacia (6 in 100) with syrup and diluted orange-flower water, employed as a demulcent in cough syrups and linctures. Dose: 1 to 4 fluid drachms. Syrup of Acacia, British Pharmacopoeia Codex, used chiefly as a demulcent in cough mixtures, is freshly prepared as required, from 1 part of Gum Acacia Mucilage and 3 of syrup, the dose, 1 to 4 fluid drachms.
The United States Pharmacopoeia Syrup of Acacia, though regarded as a useful demulcent, is chiefly employed as an agent for suspending powders in mixtures.
The French Pharmacopoeia has a Syrup of Acacia and a potion gommeuse made from powdered Acacia, syrup and orange-flower water.
As a dry excipient, powdered Acacia is employed, mixed in small proportion with powdered Marshmallow root, or powdered Licorice root. A variation of this is a mixture of Acacia, 50 parts; Licorice root, 34 parts; Sugar, 16 parts, all in fine powder. Another compound Acacia Powder used sparingly as an absorbent pill excipient, is made of equal parts of Gum Acacia and Tragacanth.
MUCILAGE OF GUM ARABIC
To 4 ounces of finely pulverized Gum Arabic add, very gradually, a pint of boiling water, and rub the whole until perfectly blended. Dose, ad libitum. When gum arabic is adulterated with cherry gum, it is not easy to form a good mucilage; the cerasin of the cherry gum will cause it to be ropy.
ACACIA GUM ARABIC SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS
Acacia is generally regarded as safe when taken in the recommended doses. It is considered safe for internal use as a food and for external use without limitation, although allergies are possible for people exposed to windborne pollen (in Africa, India, or Saudi Arabia). Allergic reactions to the gum and powdered forms of acacia have been reported and include respiratory problems and skin lesions. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.
ACACIA GUM ARABIC SUPPLEMENTS & RELATED PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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ACACIA GUM ARABIC HERBAL PRODUCTS
Acacia is a natural, pure, certified organic, soluble dietary fiber produced from the gum of the Acacia tree (also known as gum arabic). Acacia is a natural plant water-soluble fiber that has been harvested for millennia in Africa; its recorded dietary use dates back to the Egyptian pharaohs. Scientific studies have shown that as part of the diet, soluble fiber can help to encourage intestinal regularity. Acacia Powder is also known to be an excellent prebiotic, as it supports healthy gut flora. Because it actually slows fermentation and decreases gas and bloating, Acacia Powder is well tolerated. Acacia Fiber Powder can be used daily and contains no GI irritants or stimulants. Pure soluble fiber supplements are helpful not just for IBS, but also for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's and Ulcerative Colitis, plus diverticulosis and diverticulitis. Acacia is simply an organic, prebiotic soluble fiber supplement with absolutely nothing else added, and it normalizes bowel function naturally in the same manner as soluble fiber foods. Add Acacia to cup, then add liquid or add Acacia to moist foods. 1 level teaspoon equals 2 grams soluble fiber. One pound has 180 teaspoon doses. Start with a low dose and gradually increase. Take 1 to 3 times a day.
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Acacia (Gum Arabic) Powder (Acacia sp.), Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Gum Arabic Powder (Acacia Senegal), Organic, 1 lb.
HerbsPro: Acacia Fiber Powder, Certified Organic, Now Foods, 12 oz.
HerbsPro: Fiber-3, Certified Organic, Now Foods, 16 oz.
An excellent source of fiber containing a blend of organic Acacia, organic golden Flax meal, and organic Inulin (FOS). A vegetarian-vegan product from NowFoods. Psyllium free, high in omega-3 for intestinal health.
Kalyx: Gum Arabic Powder (Acacia senegal), Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb: K
Kalyx: Gum Arabic Powder (Acacia senegal), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: K
Kalyx: Babul Chall Bark Powder (Acacia arabica), Vadik Herbs, 100 VCaps: B
Amazon: Acacia Herbal Products
Amazon: Gum Arabic Herbal Products
Amazon: Acacia Arabica Herbal Products
Amazon: Acacia Senegal Herbal Products
Amazon: Heather's Tummy Fiber Pouch, For IBS< Organic Acacia Senegal, 16 oz. Pouch
Organic Acacia Senegal pouch for Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Amazon: Heather's Tummy Fiber IBS Kit, Organic Acacia Senegal Can, Pouch, & Travel Stick Packs
Organic Acacia Senegal Kit for Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Amazon: Heather's Tummy Fiber Acacia Senegal Bulk Kit, 1 lb package, 3 Pouches
Organic Acacia Senegal for Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Nutrition Basics: Acacia Gum Arabic Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.