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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Antioxidants
LUTEIN


For Informational Use Only
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Lutein Description
  • Lutein Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Lutein Dosage Information
  • Lutein Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Lutein Antioxidant Supplement Products




  • LUTEIN DESCRIPTION

    AN ANTIOXIDANT CAROTENOID

    Lutein is a fat-soluble, antioxidant carotenoid found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, collard greens, romaine lettuce, leeks and peas. Within the human eye, the macula, which is the central area of the retina, contains high amounts of Lutein. This carotenoid filters and shields harmful blue light from the eyes and protects them against age-related macular degeneration; the leading cause of blindness in people over 65.

    LUTEIN CHEMISTRY

    Lutein is one of the newest antioxidants that received substantial attention in recent years. Lutein is a xanthophyll, which is type of plant pigment found in many green leafy vegetables, and is a member of the family of substances known as carotenoids (Emory University Healthcare 2005). With the discovery of Lutein, as sister antioxidant was also discovered, Zeaxanthin, which has similar stereochemistry and properties. Due to Zeaxanthin's mirroring stereochemistry, chemical properties, and difficulty separating from Lutein, unless otherwise noted it should always be assumed that the two are together.

    The Configuration of Lutein


    To fully understand Lutein, the stereochemistry of this antioxidant is important. The structure of Lutein is characterized by the presence of a hydroxyl group attached to each of the 2 terminal beta-ionone rings in the molecule. This hydroxyl group makes it far more polar than most other antioxidants (Ribaya-Mercado 2004). Additionally, the hydroxyl groups prevent Lutein from being converted into Vitamin A as most antioxidants can be. Therefore, this xanthophyll becomes far more hydrophilic and unstable than other carotenoids found in blood and tissues. This high instability leads to a feverish seeking of all available free radicals, making it potentially the most potent antioxidant currently known (Britton 1995).

    Lutein gained great notoriety when it was discovered that the chemical appeared to play a vital role in the prevention of many age related eye disorders including cataracts and AMD (age-related macular degeneration). Additionally, non-laboratory data states that consumers of high levels of Lutein experience less eye fatigue throughout the day, and unlike most antioxidant research, Lutein's effectiveness in helping to protect our eyes and eyesight has yet to be contested and is universally accepted (National Eye Institute 2004). Thus, it is not uncommon to see many multivitamin supplements that are geared toward the elderly containing Lutein.

    Currently, the two foremost theories are that like other antioxidants, Lutein neutralizes the free radicals within retinal tissue. The other newer, and increasingly more popular theory, is that Lutein acts as a natural UV protector preventing certain UV wavelengths from reaching the eyes (National Eye Institute 2004).





    LUTEIN USES, HEALTH BENEFITS, & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Lutein is an antioxidant carotenoid a pigmented nutrient that is responsible for the yellow colors of fruits and vegetables and is present in the highest quantities in dark, leafy green vegetables. You are born with a certain amount of Lutein in your eye, but your body does not reproduce it.

    LUTEIN & EYE HEALTH

    The macula is the region of the retina responsible for central vision. It is also the area that is most sensitive to blue light, the part of the visible light spectrum that, along with ultraviolet light, can damage your eyes. Lutein helps protect against this damage by filtering blue light before it can damage the macula. If sunglasses are the first line of defense against blue light, lutein is the last.

    cross section of eye


    One medical study suggests that adults with the highest dietary intake of Lutein had a 57 percent decreased risk of macular degeneration compared to those with the lowest intake. Postmenopausal females have a 400 to 500 percent increased risk for macular degeneration. Researchers have found that adults who consume 6 mg of Lutein daily have a significant decrease in their risk of developing macular disease. It is believed that Lutein protects against the development of cataracts as well. Also, there are preliminary studies being done on Lutein's effectiveness as a anticancer nutrient.

    LUTEIN & CANCER

    As antioxidant research advanced these chemicals became progressively more often deemed as the cure all. If there was a human ailment, antioxidants could solve it. These ailments ranged from stroke, heart and vascular failure, gastric disorders, and nerve transmission. Some scientists, and seemingly the entire media, have even gone as far as to believe that antioxidants could slow down the process of ageing, a modern fountain of youth if you will (National Cancer Institute 2003). Therefore, it was only a matter of time before antioxidants were suggested to help prevent cancer. Initial observational and epidemiological studies showed promising results in many different forms of cancer. Most studies showed an inverse relation between the consumption of antioxidants and the instance of cancer. The most commonly seen correlation with cancer formation was with the carotenoids. However, experimental studies involving the major carotenoids, including beta-carotene have only occasionally showed an inverse correlation with cancer. For example, Hennekens et al. (1996) conducted a 12-year beta-carotene lung cancer trial with over 22,000 males. This massive experimental study yielded no statistical difference between the placebo and experimental group, both in the short term and long term. After countless similar results scientists came to two possible conclusions, either supplements cannot properly provide the needed antioxidants, or, the wrong antioxidants are being studied.

    Since Lutein was already proving to be effective in the battle against eye disorders, scientists turned their focus toward this antioxidant. Researcher's proposed three ways that Lutein may be able to prevent cancer formation are: radical neutralization, anti-carcinogenic properties, or an immune system boost. A study conducted by Iannone et al. (1998) was the first to substantially prove that Lutein can neutralize peroxy radicals and help prevent oxidative damage in vitro. In addition, Stahl et al. showed that the combination of Lutein and Lycopene produced the strongest synergistic effect against the existence of radical oxidative damage as compared to any antioxidant by itself or any other antioxidant combination. Thus, the chances of Lutein being able to reduce free radicals in humans is highly probably, but regrettably at this point has yet to be proven in vivo.

    Lutein's second role in cancer prevention is its unique anti-carcinogenic properties. In a couple plant studies conducted by Gonzales de Mejia et al. (1997), Lutein interacted with 1-nitropyrene and aflatoxin B-1, both well-known mutagens. Through Lutein's interaction, a considerable reduction of mutagenic cells was observed. To date, no human model studies have been conducted on this theory for ethical considerations.

    Lutein's final role in cancer prevention is that it boosts our immune system. To accept this theory, it requires the researcher to believe that our bodies constantly present cancerous cells and that our immune system regularly detects and removes these dangerous growths. The idea here is that Lutein improves two areas of the immune system. The first area is an increased activation of mitogens (protein cells that encourage B cell mitosis), cytokines, and antigenic determinates (Park 1999). The second area is an exhibited greater expression of surface molecules on monocytes, resulting in higher antigen detection (Hughes 2000). Although it is still unclear if an immune system boost results in the reduction of cancer, it has been shown that Lutein does boost the immune system (Kim 2000).





    LUTEIN DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENTS

    For adults the recommended dose is 6 mg of Lutein daily.

    Without adequate consumption, the amount of Lutein in the eye may deplete with age. Leading health care practitioners recommend you get at least 6 mg of Lutein per day to help maintain proper eye health. Since your body does not make Lutein, you must constantly replace it through the foods you eat. Dark, leafy green vegetables like spinach or kale are especially good sources. But you would have to eat over 2 bowls of raw spinach every day to get the recommended daily dose of 6 mg of Lutein. Taking a multivitamin may help, but many multivitamins contain only a fraction of the recommended 6 mg of Lutein. In fact, the leading multivitamin contains just 0.25 mg of Lutein - a mere 4 percent of the recommended amount.

    food sources of lutein


    Humans cannot manufacture carotenoids; therefore, Lutein must be obtained through the diet. Lutein is found largely in plant foods, especially dark-green leafy vegetables. The highest vegetable concentrations can be found in kale, spinach, turnip greens and collards. Other greens are moderate Lutein providers, and these include mustard greens, green peas, summer squash, and broccoli. Citrus fruits have also been found to be good sources of Lutein as compared to most non-leafy foods. Surprisingly, the potentially best source of Lutein, and also the least recognized, is egg yolks. This is due to two reasons: egg yolks have a high concentration of Lutein, and also due to the composition of the lipid matrix of a yolk, the Lutein is extremely bioavailable (Ribaya-Mercado 2004).

    Of course, the easiest way to obtain Lutein would be through supplements. However, since supplement research has been inconsistent in their results, all major government bodies of health do not advise the supplemental use of Lutein. Currently they do advocate its consumption through natural sources. Additionally, increasing research is suggesting that Lutein's effects are muted without zeaxanthin, which few supplements contain.





    LUTEIN SAFETY, CAUTIONS & ADVERSE REACTIONS

    There are no known safety issues associated with Lutein when taken in the recommended doses.




    LUTEIN ANTIOXIDANT SUPPLEMENT & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Combination Antioxidant Complex Products
  • Lutein Supplement Products

  • Zeaxanthin Supplement Products



  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS


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    COMBINATION ANTIOXIDANT COMPLEX FORMULA PRODUCTS

    Antioxidants aids in uptake of nutrients with meals and supplements. Generally associated with improving heart health, antioxidants serve a number of roles, including as immune booster. Antioxidants provide a benefit by neutralizing excessive numbers of free radicals. In small amounts, free radicals can be beneficial, supporting healthy immune function. In large numbers, free radicals can disrupt the genetic code of cells, causing the body to misidentify the cells, possibly leading to abnormal cell growth and other diseases. Excessive free radicals can interfere with calcium levels and contribute to accelerated aging.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Antioxidants, Natural Defense Against Oxidative Stress, 2nd Ed. Woodland Publishing, 32 Page Booklet
    HerbsPro: Renewal Antioxidants, Source Naturals, 30 Tabs (70024)
    HerbsPro: Vitamin Code Raw Antioxidants, Garden of Life, 30 Caps (82109)
    Garden of Life's Raw Antioxidants is a comprehensive, whole-food, multi-nutrient formula made with Raw Food-Created Nutrients for targeted delivery of vitamin A complex, vitamin C, vitamin E complex and selenium along with a Raw antioxidant blend containing Raw glutathione and Raw Superoxide Dismutase. Individually cultivated with their unique Code Factors intact, the Raw Food-Created Nutrients in Vitamin Code formulas enable natural recognition of nutrients by your body, just as nature intended. Code Factors are the known and yet to be discovered synergistic compounds found in food and are necessary for proper nutrient delivery. Providing these Code Factors infuses the essential elements of whole-foods that the body thrives upon. Supporting heart, skin, eye, prostate and breast health, Vitamin Code Raw Antioxidants also provides memory, concentration and immune system support.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidants, Pioneer Nutritionals, 60 Tabs (94022)
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant, Now Foods, 60 Caps (67717)
    HerbsPro: Super Antioxidants, Now Foods, 60 VCaps (68779)
    HerbsPro: Super Antioxidant Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 60 VCaps (100526)
    Super Antioxidant Formula Vcaps is specially formulated with a full range of potent antioxidants, including GliSODin (10 mg) the first vegetarian form of SOD from cantaloupe melon, CoQ10 (30 mg) in the form of ubiquinone, Pycnogenol (50 mg), red wine polyphenols (50 mg) and N-acetyl-cysteine (250 mg) in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Heart Antioxidant Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 60 VCaps (100530)
    Heart Antioxidant Formula VCaps are a special blend of potent antioxidants and nutrients that include: 100% natural beta-carotene (5,000 IU), vitamin C (500 mg), natural vitamin E (200 IU), yeast-free selenium (100 mcg), CoQ10 (30 mg) in the form of ubiquinone, folic acid (400 mcg), vitamins B-6 (25 mg) and B-12 (500 mcg), lycopene (30 mg) and L-carnitine (100 mg) in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Advanced Antioxidant Formula, Solgar, 60 VCaps (36181)
    Antioxidants play a major role in helping to protect the body from destructive, cell-damaging free radicals. Environmental pollution may also play a role in producing harmful free radicals. This formulation provides a full and broad spectrum of ingredients that promote antioxidant activity and provide antioxidant protection to the cells of the body.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Free Radical Formula, Solgar, 60 VCaps (45779)
    HerbsPro: Ultimate Antioxidant, Reserveage, 60 Caps (83258)
    Resveratrol: Studies have proven that the active polyphenols found in the skin, seeds and stems of grapes, are the same element found in red wine which increases cellular productivity and longevity. Activating the 'longevity gene', SIRT1, can lead to a longer and healthier life. With Reserveage, you can enjoy all the health benefits of red wine without the adverse effects of alcohol.
    HerbsPro: Eye Antioxidant With Zeaxanthin Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 60 VCaps (100528)
    Eye Antioxidant Formula Vcaps, now with Zeaxanthin, are specially formulated with a high potency combination of all the important amino acid, vitamin, mineral and herbal antioxidants in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Tocotrienol Antioxidant Complex With Vitamin E, Source Naturals, 60 Softgels (6682)
    Naturally occurring vitamin E from rice bran oil contains both tocopherols and tocotrienols. Tocotrienols are vitamin E-reiated compounds tound to nave antioxidant properties. This antioxidant formula highlights gamma, the most potent tocotrienol. Studies indicate that the effect of combining tocotrienols with tocopnerols enhances vitamin Es antioxidant properties.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Supreme, Natures Answer, 60 VCaps (35173)
    Antioxidant Supreme combines essential vitamins with key herbs well-known for their high level of free radical scavenging activity. In particular, the OPC's (Oligomeric proanthocyanidins) found in pine bark and grape seed extracts provide an advanced level of antioxidant support. Standardized extracts are guaranteed to contain a specific quantity of a known marker compound and are laboratory tested to insure consistent potency. Nature's Answer capsules feature standardized extracts enhanced (Holistically Balanced) with the highest quality of organic, responsibly wildcrafted or cultivated herbs, which maintain the naturally-occurring constituents found in the plant; Manufactured to cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practices) standards; Free of synthetic ingredients. Unconditionally Guaranteed.
    HerbsPro: Ultimate Antioxidant Formula, Natrol, 60 Caps (16876)
    This is the ultimate blend of antioxidants, including vitamins, herbs & flavonoids, all of which fight free-radical scavengers and support overall health.
    HerbsPro: Formula 93 Super Strength Antioxidant, Jason Winters, 60 Caps (16192)
    The worlds best antioxidant neutralizing harmful free radicals. Beta Carotene (Lemon Grass) Beta-carotene is partially converted into Vitamin A in the body. It is an anti-oxidant that can he found in dark green vegetables and some deep yellow and orange vegetables and fruits. It has shown protective effects against cancer, including lung, stomach, colon, and cervical cancer. Unlike preformed Vitamin A, a high intake of beta-carotene does not lead to toxic side effects. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Vitamin C is another anti-oxidant involved in so many vital biochemical processes and is so important in daily living, a water soluble vitamin that is essential in maintaining connective tissues and the integrity of the cell walls. It is necessary in the synthesis of collagen, assisting in wound healing and stimulating system. Vitamin E (D Alpha Tocopherol) Known as an anti-oxidant and believed to reduce the risk of heart disease and other degenerative orders such as cataracts and immune-function disorders. It is also known to maintain healthy hair and skin. Green Tea Green Tea has many benefits to the human body. For detailed information click here. Red Clover (Trifolium Pretence) Is a relaxant and expectorant making it useful for treating coughs, bronchitis and whooping cough. It is also good for treating conditions eczema/asthma syndrome. It is high in iron content. It contains B complex, vitamins C, F, and P. It is also a valued herb for its high mineral content. It contains some selenium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, sodium, and tin. Rich in magnesium, calcium and copper. Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Sage is beneficial for mental exhaustion and strengthening the ability to concentrate. It is used for excessive mucus discharges, nasal catarrh and indurated sores and excessive secretions of saliva. It contains Vitamins A and C, vitamin B complex. It has a calcium. potassium, phosphorus, and sodium. Garlic (Allium Sativum) Garlic contains volatile oil, vitamin A, B and C, fats and amino acids. It is a stimulant for the immune system and an antibiotic. Used for coughs, cold, aids in digestion, for high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Superfood, Futurebiotics, 90 Caps
    HerbsPro: Doctor's Choice Antioxidant, Enzmatic Therapy, 90 Caps (12781)
    Doctor's Choice Antioxidant combines high concentrations of 15 antioxidant nutrients, making it one of the most comprehensive antioxidant formulas available. Beta-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium, zinc, and manganese all have strong antioxidant powers. And riboflavin helps regenerate antioxidants after they have made free radicals ineffective.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Superfood, High ORAC, Mangosteen Fruit Complex, Futurebiotics, 90 Caps (67612)
    Research has shown the potent natural antioxidants found in Futurebiotics Antioxidant Superfood help reduce free radicals and their damaging effects. A daily intake of 3,000 to 5,000 ORAC units, the standard for antioxidant value, is believed to significantly impact antioxidant activity. Special flavonoid compounds are provided by Xanthosteen, from the peel of Mangosteen fruit. Mangosteen contains the highest concentration of xanthones found in any fruit or plant known. Xanthones, from Mangosteen, are a powerful class of antioxidants that provide a high ORAC value and high antioxidant protection. Antioxidant Superfood includes other powerful fruit phytochemicals, such as phenolic compounds and anthocyanidins that provide natural antioxidant activity. BerryVin contains various berry extracts, which provide antioxidant protection, while BioVin is a full-spectrum grape extract providing important nutrients from all parts of the grape, including resveratrol and proanthocyanins.
    HerbsPro: Ester-C Advanced Antioxidant Formula, American Health, 90 VCaps (81201)
    Ester-C Advanced Antioxidant Formula delivers the active immune system support of patented, non-acidic Ester-C Vitamin C with a concentrated complex of powerful food-based antioxidants in a once daily dose. This proprietary combination provides 3800 ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) units, which helps fight free radical damage and the premature aging of metabolic cells.
    HerbsPro: NAC Enhanced Antioxidant Formula, Nutricology Allergy Research Group, 90 Tabs (79184)
    Enhanced antioxidant formula containing amino acids, nucleic acid, and lipoic acid that acts as a powerful antioxidant and supports glutathione production. Developed by Martin Pall, Ph.D. and NutriCology®. NAC Enhanced is part of an antioxidant supplementation protocol.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Formula, Natures Way, 100 Caps (17712)
    This Formula combines the optimum potency of key ingredients with a blend of supportive herbs to restore and maintain the body's natural state of balance. It is a synergistic combination of powerful antioxidants that is known to protect the body against free radical and oxidative damage.
    HerbsPro: Anti-Alcohol Antioxidants With HepatoProtection Complex, Life Extension, 100 Caps (94400)
    Consuming alcoholic beverages results in the generation of free radicals. People who drink a lot of alcohol often suffer because of massive free radical-induced cellular damage. Alcohol-induced free radical assault can wreak short-term havoc throughout the body, and these same damaging free radicals are associated with accelerated aging. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been associated with acute ethanol-induced liver damage. A study published in the journal Artery confirmed a specific toxic metabolite of alcohol (acetaldehyde) and identified an antidote (N-acetyl-L-cysteine): All known pathways of ethanol metabolism result in the production of acetaldehyde, a highly reactive compound. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an analogue of the dietary amino acid cysteine, binds acetaldehyde, thus preventing its damaging effect on physiological proteins. NAC is a glutathione precursor and direct antioxidant. Pretreatment with or co-administration of NAC helps to inhibit acute ethanol-induced liver damage via counteracting ethanol-induced oxidative stress. NAC also attenuates the progression of the abnormal retention of lipids within liver cells by decreasing development of oxidative stress and subsequent increases in TNF-alpha.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Factors, Solgar, 100 Tabs (36203)
    Antioxidant Factors is one of Solgar's premium-quality antioxidants. A blend of antioxidant amino acids, vitamins and minerals.
    HerbsPro: Eye Antioxidant With Zeaxanthin Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 120 VCaps (100529)
    Eye Antioxidant Formula Vcaps, now with Zeaxanthin, are specially formulated with a high potency combination of all the important amino acid, vitamin, mineral and herbal antioxidants in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Heart Antioxidant Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 120 VCaps (100531)
    Heart Antioxidant Formula VCaps are a special blend of potent antioxidants and nutrients that include: 100% natural beta-carotene (5,000 IU), vitamin C (500 mg), natural vitamin E (200 IU), yeast-free selenium (100 mcg), CoQ10 (30 mg) in the form of ubiquinone, folic acid (400 mcg), vitamins B-6 (25 mg) and B-12 (500 mcg), lycopene (30 mg) and L-carnitine (100 mg) in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Advanced Antioxidant Formula, Solgar, 120 VCaps (36179)
    Antioxidants play a major role in helping to protect the body from destructive, cell-damaging free radicals. Environmental pollution may also play a role in producing harmful free radicals. This formulation provides a full and broad spectrum of ingredients that promote antioxidant activity and provide antioxidant protection to the cells of the body.
    HerbsPro: Antioxidants, Pioneer Nutritionals, 120 Tabs (94143)
    A sophisticated, broad-spectrum free radical defense formula. Features 400 IU natural vitamin E plus standardized herbs, green foods, vitamins, minerals & amino acid antioxidants. Antioxidants are compounds that help to stabilize free radicals and counteract their damaging effects. The body makes its own enzyme antioxidants, notably superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase. Antioxidant supplements either supply ingredients needed to manufacture these antioxidant enzymes, or work to quench free radicals directly.
    HerbsPro: Ultimate Antioxidant, Dr. Venessa's Formulas, 120 Tabs (72364)
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    HerbsPro: Super 10 Antioxidant, Country Life, 120 Tabs (37454)
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    HerbsPro: MVM-A Antioxidant Protocol, Nutricology Allergy Research Group, 180 Caps (79183)
    Multiple vitamin and mineral formula with additional nutrients featuring acetyl-L-carnitine for antioxidant support. Developed by Martin Pall, Ph.D. and NutriCology. MVM-A is part of an antioxidant supplementation protocol.
    HerbsPro: A.G.E. Antioxidant Formula 105, Wakunaga Kyolic, 200 Caps (20051)
    HerbsPro: Kyo Red Antioxidant Superfruit Blend, ORAC 5000 With Fiber, Wakunaga Kyolic, 5.3 oz. (85935)
    HerbsPro: EBA Organic Antioxidant Superfood Canister, SGN Nutrition, 7.1 oz. (78745)
    HerbsPro: Fruit Antioxidant Formula Powder, All-One Nutri-Tech, 450 Grams (36020)
    The All-One high profile powder of potent vitamins, minerals and amino acids is complemented by a power packed blend of tart cherries, wild blueberries, cranberries, apples, and grapeseed extract. This fruit formula delivers a natural food source of potent phytochemicals including the flavonoids anthocyadins, tannins and quercetin, along with the traditional essential antioxidants A, C and E. All-One Antioxidant Fruit Formula supplies you with 2 grams of pure fruit to create the most potent single serving antioxidant supplement available.
    HerbsPro: Fruit Antioxidant Formula Powder, All-One Nutri-Tech, 66 Day Supply, 2.2 lbs. (69717)
    The All-One high profile powder of potent vitamins, minerals and amino acids is complemented by a power packed blend of tart cherries, wild blueberries, cranberries, apples, and grapeseed extract. This fruit formula delivers a natural food source of potent phytochemicals including the flavonoids anthocyadins, tannins and quercetin, along with the traditional essential antioxidants A, C and E. All-One Antioxidant Fruit Formula supplies you with 2 grams of pure fruit to create the most potent single serving antioxidant supplement available.
    HerbsPro: Maqui Superfruit Antioxidant Juice, Now Foods, 32 fl. oz. (82079)
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    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Supplement Green Tea, Celestial Seasonings, 40 Tea Bags (Case of 6) (78956)
    HerbsPro: Antioxidant Facial Mist, Life Extension, 2 fl. oz. (94414)
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    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Antioxidant Complex Supplement Products
    Amazon: Acai Berry Supplement Products
    Amazon: Acai Berry Grocery & Gourmet Food Products
    Amazon: Super Antioxidant Grocery & Gourmet Food Products

    This is select group of antioxidant products available from these merchants. For more products, click on one of the above links and do a merchant site search for a particular product.

  • Nutrition Basics: Antioxidant Combination Formula Information



  • LUTEIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Lutein is a potent antioxidant carotenoid, found in abundance in fruits and green leafy vegetables. Lutein is one of the dominant pigments in the macula, the central area of the retina. The retina is the portion of the eye where light is perceived. Lutein protects the retina from macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in older adults. Lutein is one of the most recent discoveries in this field. In our diets, it is found most abundantly in dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, collards and kale. Like beta-carotene, lutein is a powerful antioxidant which studies show can contribute to the protection of cells. But the most promising application of lutein may be its beneficial influence on the eyes, particularly in regard to macular degeneration.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Lutein Lycopene Carotene Complex, Solgar, 5 mg, 30 VCaps (36590)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin With Lutein, Source Naturals, 4 mg / 6 mg, 30 Caps (70087)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Sundown Naturals, 6 mg, 30 Tabs (101477)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Thompson Nutritional Products, 6 mg, 30 Caps (89658)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Antioxidant Carotenoid, Source Naturals, 6 mg, 45 Caps (7068)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Bounty, 6 mg, 50 Caps (98280)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin With Lutein, Source Naturals, 4 mg / 6 mg, 60 Caps (70088)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Antioxidant Carotenoid, Source Naturals, 6 mg, 90 Caps (7069)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, TwinLab, 6 mg, 100 Caps (19695)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, FoodScience of Vermont, 10 mg, 60 Caps (66255)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Now Foods, 10 mg, 60 Softgels (68426)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Esters, Now Foods, 10 mg, 120 Softgels (68425)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Carotenoid Complex, Solgar, 15 mg, 30 VCaps (36589)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Thompson Nutritional Products, 18 mg, 30 Caps (35642)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, TwinLab, 20 mg, 30 Caps (19694)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Sundown Naturals, 20 mg, 30 Caps (101931)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Antioxidant Carotenoid, Source Naturals, 20 mg, 30 Caps (7066)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natural Factors, 20 mg, 30 Softgels (84220)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Jarrow Formulas, 20 mg, 30 Softgels (13180)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Bounty, 20 mg, 30 Softgels (103915)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 20 mg, 30 Softgels (100742)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Life, 20 mg, 30 Softgels (89563)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Antioxidant Carotenoid, Source Naturals, 20 mg, 60 Caps (7067)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Solgar, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (100227)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Country Life, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (37282)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natural Factors, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (84221)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Life, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (90583)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Way, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (70331)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Nutricology-Allergy Research, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (46042)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (100743)
    HerbsPro: Floraglo Lutein, Olympian Labs, 20 mg, 60 Caps (74373)
    HerbsPro: Floraglo Lutein With Zeaxanthin, Doctors Best, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (77522)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Jarrow Formulas, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (13181)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Esters, Now Foods, 20 mg, 90 VCaps (79255)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natures Life, 20 mg, 100 Softgels (90584)
    HerbsPro: Best Lutein, Doctors Best, 20 mg, 120 VCaps (90747)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Natural Factors, 20 mg, 120 Softgels (84222)
    HerbsPro: Lutein, Solgar, 40 mg, 30 Softgels (100228)
    HerbsPro: Lutein I Care, Natures Life, 30 Caps (90577)
    HerbsPro: Lutein I Care, Natures Life, 60 Caps (90578)
    HerbsPro: Lutein Sorb, Jarrow Formulas, 60 Caps (84896)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin Plus Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 30 Softgels (100740)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin Plus Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 60 Softgels (100741)
    HerbsPro: Eye Factors With Lutein, Natural Factors, 90 Caps (84449)
    HerbsPro: Vita Plus Silver Edge With Lutein, 120 Tabs (73926)
    HerbsPro: Lutein & Zeaxanthin Formula, Icaps, 120 Tabs (98977)
    HerbsPro: ABC Plus Senior With Lutein & Lycopene, Natures Bounty, 100 Tabs (97367)
    HerbsPro: Ocuvite Lutein Eye Vitamin & Mineral, Bausch & Lomb, 36 Caps (97298)
    HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 50 Softgels (96374)
    HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 120 Softgels (97062)
    HerbsPro: Bilberry Gingko Eyebright Complex Plus Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps (36226)
    HerbsPro: Super Zeaxanthin With Lutein Meso-Zeaxanthin Plus Astaxanthin & C3G, Life Extension, 60 Softgels (92015)
    HerbsPro: Black Currant With Lutein, Jarrow Formulas, 60 VCaps (76313)
    HerbsPro: Vision Mate With Lutein SX Fraction, Maitake Mushroom Wisdom, 120 Tabs (93637)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Lutein Complex Supplement Products
    Amazon: Lutein Supplement Products
    Amazon: Zeaxanthin Supplement Products
    Amazon: Lycopene Supplement Products


    These merchants have many more products available containing Lutein as an ingredient. If you are looking for a specific product, click on one of the product links above and do a search on the merchant's webpages.

  • Nutrition Basics: Lutein Antioxidant Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Lutein Supplement Information



  • ZEAXANTHIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin Plus Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 30 Softgels (100740)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin With Lutein, Source Naturals, 4 mg / 6 mg, 30 Caps (70087)
    Zeaxanthin and Lutein, two powerful antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables, selectively concentrate in the retina of the eye to form the macular pigment. Maintaining healthy macular pigment levels may provide retinal protection against oxidative stress caused by normal UV exposure on the aging eye.
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin Plus Lutein, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 60 Softgels (100741)
    HerbsPro: Super Zeaxanthin With Lutein, Meso-Zeaxanthin Plus Astaxanthin & C3G, Life Extension, 60 Softgels (92015)
    HerbsPro: Zeaxanthin With Lutein, Source Naturals, 4 mg / 6 mg, 60 Caps (70088)
    Zeaxanthin and Lutein, two powerful antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables, selectively concentrate in the retina of the eye to form the macular pigment. Maintaining healthy macular pigment levels may provide retinal protection against oxidative stress caused by normal UV exposure on the aging eye.
    HerbsPro: FloraGLO Lutein With Zeaxanthin, Doctors Best, 20 mg, 60 Softgels (77522)
    FloraGLO Lutein is a source of purified free lutein, identical to that found in green leafy vegetables. FloraGLO Lutein is extracted from marigold flowers, the most abundant source of lutein in nature. This patented process (US patents 5,382,714 and 5,648,564) ensures a standardized, potent and pure end product every time. Much of the published research on lutein has used FloraGLO Lutein, which has created an extensive body of literature supporting the efficacy and safety of this product in human and animal models. Additionally, in vitro studies have pointed to multiple mechanisms by which FloraGLO lutein confers benefit to eye, skin and general health. FloraGLO has also been used in more clinical trials than any other source of lutein, ensuring that the benefits found in these trials can be attributed specifically to FloraGLO Lutein.
    HerbsPro: Eye Antioxidant With Zeaxanthin Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 60 VCaps (100528)
    Eye Antioxidant Formula Vcaps, now with Zeaxanthin, are specially formulated with a high potency combination of all the important amino acid, vitamin, mineral and herbal antioxidants in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Eye Antioxidant With Zeaxanthin Formula, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 120 VCaps (100529)
    Eye Antioxidant Formula Vcaps, now with Zeaxanthin, are specially formulated with a high potency combination of all the important amino acid, vitamin, mineral and herbal antioxidants in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: I-Caps Lutein & Zeaxanthin Formula, ICaps, 120 Tabs (98977)
    This vitamin and mineral supplement formula is a safe and effective ocular dietary supplement. It is the only major ocular antioxidant supplement that has a delayed release formula which allows the ingredients to dissolve gradually, thereby contributing to greater absorption by the body. This specialized, comprehensive formula of carotenoids, antioxidants are minerals important to vision. Lutein and zeaxanthin are natural carotenoids that have been shown through structural and clinical studies to be concentrated in the macular segment of the retina. Studies suggest a relationship between these two carotenoids and the maintenance of a normal healthy macula and clarity of the lens of the eye. Zinc is an important mineral found in high concentrations in healthy eyes. Zinc acetate has been proven to be the form of zinc with greatest absorption by the body. Lactose free. Easy to swallow tablet.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Lutein Complex Supplement Products
    Amazon: Lutein Supplement Products
    Amazon: Zeaxanthin Supplement Products
    Amazon: Lycopene Supplement Products


  • Nutrition Basics: Zeaxanthin Antioxidant Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
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    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
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    Cedarwood Oil
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    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
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    Labdanum Oil
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    Marjoram Oil
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    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
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    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
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    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
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    Vanilla Oil
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    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
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    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
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    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
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    Macadamia Nut Oil
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    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
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  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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