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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Amino Acids
PROTEIN


For Informational Use Only
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Protein Description
  • Protein Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Protein Dosage Information
  • Protein Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Protein Supplement Products




  • PROTEIN DESCRIPTION

    AMINO ACID MOLECULAR CHAINS

    Proteins are large biological molecules consisting of one or more chains of amino acids. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within living organisms, including catalyzing metabolic reactions, replicating DNA, responding to stimuli, and transporting molecules from one location to another. Proteins differ from one another primarily in their sequence of amino acids, which is dictated by the nucleotide sequence of their genes, and which usually results in folding of the protein int a specific three-dimensional structure that determines its activity.

    A polypeptide is a single linear polymer chain of amino acids bonded together by peptide bonds between the carboxyl and amino groups of adjacent amino acid residues. The sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by the sequence of a gene, which is encoded in the genetic code. In general, the genetic code specifies 20 standard amino acids; however, in certain organisms the genetic code can include selenocysteine and - in certain archaea - pyrrolysine. Shortly after or even during synthesis, the residues in a protein are often chemically modified by posttranslational modification, which alters the physical and chemical properties, folding, stability, activity, and ultimately, the function of the proteins. Sometimes proteins have non-peptide groups attached, which can be called prosthetic groups or cofactors. Proteins can also work together to achieve a particular function, and they often associate to form stable protein complexes.

    Like other biological macromolecules such as polysaccharides and nucleic acids, proteins are essential parts of organisms and participate in virtually every process within cells. Many proteins are enzymes that catalyze biochemical reactions and are vital to metabolism. Proteins also have structural or mechanical functions, such as actin and myosin in muscle and the proteins in the cytoskeleton, which form a system of scaffolding that maintains cell shape. Other proteins are important in cell signaling, immune responses, cell adhesion, and the cell cycle. Proteins are also necessary in animals' diets, since animals cannot synthesize all the amino acids they need and must obtain essential amino acids from food. Through the process of digestion, animals break down ingested protein into free amino acids that are then used in metabolism.

    Proteins may be purified from other cellular components using a variety of techniques such as ultracentrifugation, precipitation, electrophoresis, and chromatography; the advent of genetic engineering has made possible a number of methods to facilitate purification. Methods commonly used to study protein structure and function include immunohistochemistry, site-directed mutagenesis, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry.

    PROTEINS - ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS

    Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body. Protein is vital for growth and development. It is also needed for the manufacture of hormones, antibodies, enzymes, and tissues, and provides the body with energy. When the body consumes protein, the Protein breaks down into amino acids, which are called "the building blocks" of all Proteins. Proteins can serve as a fuel source for the body. As fuel, proteins contain 4 kcal per gram, just like carbohydrates and unlike lipids, which contain 9 kcal per gram.

    Proteins are polymer chains made of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. In nutrition, proteins are broken down in the stomach during digestion by enzymes known as proteases into smaller polypeptides to provide amino acids for the body, including the essential amino acids that cannot be biosynthesized by the body itself.

    Amino acids can be divided into three categories: essential amino acids, non-essential amino acids and conditional amino acids. Essential amino acids cannot be made by the body, and must be supplied by food. Non-essential amino acids are made by the body from essential amino acids or in the normal breakdown of proteins. Conditional amino acids are usually not essential, except in times of illness, stress or for someone challenged with a lifelong medical condition.

    Essential amino acids are leucine, isoleucine, valine, lysine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, phenylalanine, and histidine.

    Non-essential amino acids include alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid. Conditional amino acids include arginine, cysteine, glutamine, proline, serine, and tyrosine.

    Amino acids are found in animal source such as meats, milk, fish and eggs, as well as in plant sources such as whole grains, pulses, legumes, soy, fruits, nuts and seeds. Vegetarians and vegans can get enough essential amino acids by eating a variety of plant proteins. In a vegan or vegetarian diet, It is important to combine the right plant proteins to prevent deficiency in one or more of the essential amino acids required by the body.

  • Nutritional Guide: Vegetarian Food Guide (Client Handout)
  • Nutritional Guide: Protein Values of Common Foods


  • PROTEIN FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY

    Protein is a nutrient needed by the human body for growth and maintenance. Aside from water, proteins are the most abundant kind of molecules in the body. Protein can be found in all cells of the body and is the major structural component of all cells in the body, espeically muscle. This also includes body organs, hair and skin. Proteins also are utilized in membranes, such as glycoproteins. When broken down into amino acids, they are used as precursors to nucleic acid, co-enzymes, hormones, immune response, cellular repair and molecules essential for life. Finally, protein is needed to form blood cells.

    PROTEIN FUNCTION IN EXERCISE

    Proteins are one of the key nutrients for success in terms of sports. Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, are used for building tissue, including muscle, as well as repairing damaged tissues. Proteins usually only provide a small source of fuel for the exercising muscles, being used as fuel typically only when carbohydrates and lipid resources are low.

    almonds english walnuts


    PROTEIN FOOD SOURCES

    There are two different types of Proteins, complete and incomplete. Complete Proteins contain high amounts of all of the essential amino acids and are found in meat, fish, poultry, cheese, eggs, and milk. Incomplete Proteins contain some of the essential amino acids and are found in grains, legumes, and leafy green vegetables. Most Americans eat too much Protein, due to the large amount of meat and dairy products in the daily diet. Whey Protein supplements are often taken by athletes and those needing added protein in their diets. Whey is a natural byproduct of cheese-making. It is the liquid left when the solids in milk are pressed into a solid form. When Whey is filtered and purifed, it becomes Whey protein, and when the water is removed, it produces a powder that is quite high in protein, but free of fat and lactose. Other protein supplement sources include casein, egg, Rice and Soy.

    A wide range of foods are a source of protein. The best combination of protein sources depends on the region of the world, access, cost, amino acid types and nutrition balance, as well as acquired tastes. Some foods are high in certain amino acids, but their digestibility and the anti-nutritional factors present in these foods make them of limited value in human nutrition. Therefore, one must consider digestibility and secondary nutrition profile such as calories, cholesterol, vitamins and essential mineral density of the protein source. On a worldwide basis, plant protein foods contribute over 60-percent of the per capita supply of protein, on average. In North America, animal-derived foods contribute about 70-percent of protein sources.

    Meat, eggs and fish are sources of complete protein. Milk and milk-derived foods are also good sources of protein.

    free-range eggs cheeses & dairy fish & meats


    Whole grains and cereals are another source of proteins. However, these tend to be limiting in the amino acid Lysine or Threonine, which are available in other vegetarian sources and meats. Examples of food staples and cereal sources of protein, each with a concentration greater than 7-percent, are (in no particular order) buckwheat, oats, rye, millet, maize (corn), rice, wheat, spaghetti, bulgar, sorghum, amaranth, and quinoa.

    sesame seeds walnuts


    almonds sunflower seeds


    Vegetarian sources of proteins include legumes, nuts, seeds and fruits. Legumes, some of which are called pulses in certain parts of the world, have higher concentrations of amino acids and are more complete sources of protein than whole grains and cereals. Examples of vegetarian foods with protein concentrations greater than 7-percent include soybeans, lentils, kidney beans, white beans, mung beans, chickpeas, cowpeas, lima beans, pigeon peas, lupines, wing beans, almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, pecans, walnuts, cotton seeds, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, and sunflower seeds. of protein. Food staples that are poor sources of protein include roots and tubers such as yams, cassava and sweet potato. Plantains, another major staple, are also a poor source of essential amino acids. Fruits, while rich in other essential nutrients, are another poor source of amino acids per 100 gram consumed. The protein content in roots, tubers and fruits is between 0 and 2 percent. Food staples with low protein content must be complemented with foods with complete, quality protein content for a healthy life, particularly in children for proper development.

    black eyed peas kidney beans mung beans


    lentils chickpeas


    A good source of protein is often a combination of various foods, because different foods are rich in different amino acids. A good source of dietary protein meets two requirements:
    • The requirement for the nutritionally indispensable amino acids (histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine) under all conditions and for conditionally indispensable amino acids (cystine, tyrosine, taurine, glycine, arginine, glutamine, proline) under specific physiological and pathological conditions.

    • The requirement for nonspecific nitrogen for the synthesis of the nutritionally dispensable amino acids (aspartic acid, asparagine, glutamic acid, alanine, serine) and other physiologically important nitrogen-containing compounds such as nucleic acids, creatine, and porphyrins.

    Healthy people eating a balanced diet rarely need protein supplements. Except for a few amino acids, most are readily available in human diet. The limiting amino acids are lysine, threonine, tryptophan and sulfur-containing amino acids.


    The table below presents the most important food groups as protein sources, from a worldwide perspective. It also lists their respective performance as source of the commonly limiting amino acids, in milligrams of limiting amino acid per gram of total protein in the food source. The green highlighted cells represent the protein source with highest density of respective amino acid, while the yellow highlighted cells represent the protein source with lowest density of respective amino acid. The table reiterates the need for a balanced mix of foods to ensure adequate amino acid source.
    FOOD SOURCE
    LYSINE
    THREONINE
    TRYPTOPHAN
    SULFUR CONTAINING AMINO ACIDS
       Legumes
    64
    38
    12
    25
       Cereals & Whole Grains
    31
    32
    12
    37
       Nuts & Seeds
    45
    36
    17
    46
       Fruits
    45
    29
    11
    27
       Animal
    85
    44
    12
    38


    Protein powders, such as casein, whey, egg, rice and soy, are processed and manufactured sources of protein. These protein powders may provide an additional source of protein for bodybuilders. The type of protein is important in terms of its influence on protein metabolic response and possibly on the muscle's exercise performance. The different physical and/or chemical properties within the various types of protein may affect the rate of protein digestion. As a result, the amino acid availability and the accumulation of tissue protein is altered because of the various protein metabolic responses.

    protein powder


    PROTEIN QUALITY

    Different proteins have different levels of biological availability (BA) to the human body. Many methods have been introduced to measure protein utilization and retention rates in humans. They include biological value, net protein utilization, and PDCAAS (Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acids Score) which was developed by the FDA as an improvement over the Protein efficiency ratio (PER) method. These methods examine which proteins are most efficiently used by the body. The PDCAAS rating is a fairly recent evaluation method; it was adopted by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations / World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) in 1993 as "the preferred best" method to determine protein quality. These organizations have suggested that other methods for evaluating the quality of protein are inferior.

    PROTEIN DIGESTION

    Most proteins are decomposed to single amino acids in digestion.

    Digestion typically begins in the stomach when pepsinogen is converted to pepsin by the action of hydrochloric acid, and continued by trypsin and chymotrypsin in the intestine. Before the absorption in the small intestine, most proteins are already reduced to single amino acid or peptides of several amino acids. Most of peptides longer than four amino acids are not absorbed. Absorption into the intestinal absorptive cells is not the end. There most of peptides are broken into single amino acids.

    Absorption of the amino acids and their derivatives into which dietary protein is degraded is done by the gastrointestinal tract. The absorption rates of individual amino acids are highly dependent on the protein source; for example, the digestibilities of many amino acids in humans, the difference between soy and milk proteins and between individual milk proteins, beta-lactoglobulin and casein. For milk proteins, about 50 percent of the ingested protein is absorbed between the stomach and the jejunum and 90 percent is absorbed by the time the digested food reaches the ileum. Biological value (BV) is a measure of the proportion of absorbed protein from a food which becomes incorporated into the proteins of the organism's body.

    The Newborn: Newborns of mammals are exceptional in protein digestion and assimilation in that they can absorb intact proteins at the small intestine. This enables passive immunity from milk.





    PROTEIN USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Adding Protein supplements in your diet is important if you do not eat meats and dairy at all, or if you eat only small amounts to ensure the body’s growth and healthy functioning. Taking a Whey Protein supplement helps build lean body mass by increasing the body’s production of muscle protein. Not only is it great for athletes and body builders, but for those suffering with a muscle-wasting disease such as AIDS and cancer. Whey Protein also appears to inhibit the production of cancer cells. It protects against free radical damage and boosts immune function.




    PROTEIN DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENTAL FORMS

    For those who need to take Protein supplements in their daily diet, it can be found in numerous forms and varieties. It is important to read and follow product label directions.

    DIETARY REQUIREMENTS

    Considerable debate has taken place regarding issues surrounding protein intake requirements. The amount of protein required in a person's diet is determined in large part by overall energy intake, the body's need for nitrogen and essential amino acids, body weight and composition, rate of growth in the individual, physical activity level, individual's energy and carbohydrate intake, as well as the presence of illness or injury. Physical activity and exertion as well as enhanced muscular mass increase the need for protein. Requirements are also greater during childhood for growth and development, during pregnancy or when breast-feeding in order to nourish a baby, or when the body needs to recover from malnutrition or trauma or after an operation.

    If enough energy is not taken in through diet, as in the process of starvation, the body will use protein from the muscle mass to meet its energy needs, leading to muscle wasting over time. If the individual does not consume adequate protein in nutrition, then muscle will also waste as more vital cellular processes (e.g. respiration enzymes, blood cells) recycle muscle protein for their own requirements.

    According to US & Canadian Dietary Reference Intake guidelines, women aged 19 to 70 need to consume 46 grams of protein per day, while men aged 19 to 70 need to consume 56 grams of protein per day to avoid a deficiency. The American and Canadian guidelines recommend a daily protein dietary allowance, measured as intake per kilogram body weight, is 0.8 g/kg. However, this recommendation is based on structural requirements, but disregards use of protein for energy metabolism. This requirement is for a normal sedentary person. Several studies have concluded that active people and athletes may require elevated protein intake (compared to 0.8 g/kg) due to increase in muscle mass and sweat losses, as well as need for body repair and energy source. Suggested amounts vary between 1.6 g/kg and 1.8 g/kg, while a proposed maximum daily protein intake would be approximately 25-percent of energy requirements i.e. approximately 2 to 2.5 g/kg. However, many questions still remain to be resolved.

    AEROBIC EXERCISE PROTEIN NEEDS

    Endurance athletes differ from strength-building athletes in that endurance athletes do not build muscle mass from training. Research suggests that individuals performing endurance activity require more protein intake than sedentary individuals so that muscles broken down during endurance workouts can be repaired. Although the protein requirement for athletes still remains controversial, research does show that endurance athletes can benefit from increasing protein intake because the type of exercise endurance athletes participate in still alters the protein metabolism pathway. The overall protein requirement increases because of amino acid oxidation in endurance-trained athletes. Endurance athletes who exercise over a long period (2 to 5 hours per training session) use protein as a source of 5 to 10-percent of their total energy expended. Therefore, a slight increase in protein intake may be beneficial to endurance athletes by replacing the protein lost in energy expenditure and protein lost in repairing muscles. Some scientists suggest that endurance athletes may increase daily protein intake to a maximum of 1.2 to 1.4 g per kg body weight.

    ANAEROBIC EXERCISE PROTEIN NEEDS

    Research also indicates that individuals performing strength-training activity require more protein than sedentary individuals. Strength-training athletes may increase their daily protein intake to a maximum of 1.4 to 1.8 g per kg body weight to enhance muscle protein synthesis, or to make up for the loss of amino acid oxidation during exercise. Many athletes maintain a high-protein diet as part of their training, and so protein deficiency is less likely among this group than among non-athletes. In fact, some athletes who specialize in anaerobic sports (e.g. weightlifting) assume a very high level of protein intake is necessary, and may over-consume. Research indicates that many athletes consume more protein than they need even without the use of protein supplements.

    PROTEIN CONCENTRATION TESTING IN FOODS

    The classic assays for protein concentration in food are the Kjeldahl method and the Dumas method. These tests determine the total nitrogen in a sample. The only major component of most food which contains nitrogen is protein (fat, carbohydrate and dietary fibre do not contain nitrogen). If the amount of nitrogen is multiplied by a factor depending on the kinds of protein expected in the food the total protein can be determined. This value is known as the "crude protein" content. On food labels the protein is given by the nitrogen multiplied by 6.25, because the average nitrogen content of proteins is about 16 percent. The Kjeldahl test is typically used because it is the method the AOAC International has adopted and is therefore used by many food standards agencies around the world, though the Dumas method is also approved by some standards organizations.

    Accidental contamination and intentional adulteration of protein meals with non-protein nitrogen sources that inflate crude protein content measurements have been known to occur in the food industry for decades. To ensure food quality, purchasers of protein meals routinely conduct quality control tests designed to detect the most common non-protein nitrogen contaminants, such as urea and ammonium nitrate.

    In at least one segment of the food industry, the dairy industry, some countries (at least the U.S., Australia, France and Hungary), have adopted "true protein" measurement, as opposed to crude protein measurement, as the standard for payment and testing: "True protein is a measure of only the proteins in milk, whereas crude protein is a measure of all sources of nitrogen and includes nonprotein nitrogen, such as urea, which has no food value to humans. Current milk-testing equipment measures peptide bonds, a direct measure of true protein." Measuring peptide bonds in grains has also been put into practice in several countries including Canada, the UK, Australia, Russia and Argentina where near-infrared reflectance (NIR) technology, a type of infrared spectroscopy is used. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recommends that only amino acid analysis be used to determine protein in, inter alia, foods used as the sole source of nourishment, such as infant formula, but also provides: "When data on amino acids analyses are not available, determination of protein based on total N content by Kjeldahl (AOAC, 2000) or similar method... is considered acceptable."

    The limitations of the Kjeldahl method were at the heart of the Chinese protein export contamination in 2007 and the 2008 Chinese milk scandal in which the industrial chemical melamine was added to the milk or glutens to increase the measured "protein".





    PROTEIN SAFETY, CAUTIONS, & INTERACTIONS

    There are no safety issues or interactions associated with Protein supplements when taken in the recommended doses.

    FOOD ALLERGIES

    Specific proteins found in certain food items are often the cause of allergies and allergic reactions. This is because the structure of each form of protein is slightly different; some may trigger a response from the immune system while others remain harmless. Many people are allergic to casein, the protein in milk; gluten, the protein in wheat and other grains; the particular proteins found in peanuts, nuts, or those in shellfish or other seafoods. Food allergies should not be confused with food intolerance.

    protein deficiency

    Protein deficiency is also known as protein-energy malnutrition. A child in Africa suffering from kwashiorkor - one of the three protein energy malnutrition ailments afflicting over 10 million children in developing countries.


    PROTEIN DEFICIENCY

    Protein deficiency and malnutrition can lead to variety of ailments including mental retardation and kwashiorkor. Symptoms of kwashiorkor include apathy, diarrhea, inactivity, failure to grow, flaky skin, fatty liver, and edema of the belly and legs. This edema is explained by the action of lipoxygenase on arachidonic acid to form leukotrienes and the normal functioning of proteins in fluid balance and lipoprotein transport.

    Although protein energy malnutrition is more common in low-income countries, children from higher-income countries are also affected, including children from large urban areas in low socioeconomic neighborhoods. This may also occur in children with chronic diseases, and children who are institutionalized or hospitalized for a different diagnosis. Risk factors include a primary diagnosis of mental retardation, cystic fibrosis, malignancy, cardiovascular disease, end stage renal disease, oncologic disease, genetic disease, neurological disease, multiple diagnoses, or prolonged hospitalization. In these conditions, the challenging nutritional management may get overlooked and underestimated, resulting in an impairment of the chances for recovery and the worsening of the situation.

    EXCESS CONSUMPTION - ADVERSE REACTIONS

    When a high dietary protein intake is consumed, there is an increase in urea excretion, which suggests that amino acid oxidation is increased. High levels of protein intake increase the activity of branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase. As a result, oxidation is facilitated, and the amino group of the amino acid is excreted to the liver. This process suggests that excess protein consumption results in protein oxidation and that the protein is excreted. The body is unable to store excess protein. Protein is digested into amino acids, which enter the bloodstream. Excess amino acids are converted to other usable molecules by the liver in a process called deamination. Deamination converts nitrogen from the amino acid into ammonia, which is converted by the liver into urea in the urea cycle. Excretion of urea is performed by the kidneys. These organs can normally cope with any extra workload, but, if kidney disease occurs, a decrease in protein will often be prescribed. When there is excess protein intake, amino acids can be converted to glucose or ketones, in addition to being oxidized for fuel. When food protein intake is periodically high or low, the body tries to keep protein levels at an equilibrium by using the "labile protein reserve", which serves as a short-term protein store to be used for emergencies or daily variations in protein intake. However, that reserve is not utilized as longer-term storage for future needs.

    Many researchers have also found that excessive intake of protein increases calcium excretion in urine. It has been thought that this occurs to maintain the pH imbalance from the oxidation of sulfur amino acids. Also, it is inconclusive whether bone resorption contributes to bone loss and osteoporosis. However, it is also found that a regular intake of calcium would be able to stabilize this loss.

    Another issue arising from over-consumption of protein is a higher risk of kidney stone formation from calcium in the renal circulatory system. It has been found that high animal protein intake in healthy individuals increases the probability of forming kidney stones by 250 percent.

    An epidemiological study from 2006 has found no relationship between total protein intake and blood pressure; it did, however, find an inverse relationship between vegetable protein intake and blood pressure.





    PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    AMINO ACIDS

  • Amino Acid Complex Supplement Products
  • BCAA Amino Acid Complex Products
  • RNA-DNA Supplement Products
  • TriAmino Complex Supplement Products

  • PROTEINS

  • Rice Protein Supplement Products
  • Soy Protein Supplement Products
  • Spirutein Protein Supplement Products
  • Whey Protein Supplement Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS


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    AMINO ACID COMPLEX PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Amino-9 Essentials Powder, Now Foods, 330 Grams
    Complete Free Form blend of all 9 essential amino acids. Dietary supplements helpful in sports. GMP quality assured.
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 grams
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 240 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Caps
    For tissue repair, reduced soreness and accelerated recovery, as well as a wealth of non-training benefits, this blend of 23 pure crystalline 100% pharmaceutical grade free-form amino acids is unmatched.
    HerbsPro: Amino Max 21, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
    A high quality, hypoallergenic amino acid formulation. Amino Max 21 is a scientifically formulated combination of 21 crystalline, free-form amino acids in the natural L-configuration. Because free-form amino acids are readily bioavailable and require no digestion by the body, they can be absorbed efficiently into the bloodstream and accompanying tissues where they are used for cellular regeneration.
    HerbsPro: Essential Amino Acid Complex, Solgar, Free Form, 600 mg, 90 VCaps (36384)
    HerbsPro: Amino Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Max-Amino With Vitamin B-6, Blend of 18 Amino Acids, Country Life, 180 Caps
    An easily absorbed blend of 18 amino acids yielding high biological activity. An ideal formula for athletes, and when protein demands may not be fully satisfied. B-6 aids in the utilization of amino acids. An easily absorbed Amino Acid Supplement.
    HerbsPro: Amino Acid Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 360 Caps
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 16 fl. oz. (19499)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that help relieve muscle breakdown.
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 32 fl. oz. (19498)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that helps to relieve muscle breakdown. The protein in this product is a predigested collagen and whey (lactalbumin) protein and is therefore utilized 100%. Contains all the essential amino acids derived by enzymatically hydrolyzing the animal protein collagen and whey protein (lactalbumin). The amino acids in this product are naturally present in the protein. They are not added or manufactured. 15 grams per ounce. New improved formula. Predigested collagen. Enriched with predigested whey protein, a superior source of high quality amino acids.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Amino Acid Complex Complete Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information



  • BRANCHED CHAIN AMINO ACID (BCAA) COMPLEX PRODUCTS

    Studies on people with alcoholic cirrhosis have shown a benefit to consuming L-valine, L-leucine, and L-isoleucine, which are abundant in muscles. These 3 essential branched-chain amino acids enhance protein synthesis in liver cells, help restore liver function, and prevent chronic encephalopathy. These amino acids are three of the eight essential amino acids that the human body must receive in food. They cannot be synthesized in the liver. As a dietary supplement, take 4 capsules 1 to 2 times daily, on an empty stomach especially before and after exercise or follow package labels for usage.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Source Naturals, 60 Caps (76053)
    Source Naturals BCAA provides support to your body's muscular systems with a vigorous blend of branched-chain amino acids and supporting B vitamins. Research has shown that during exercise, branched-chain amino acids are metabolized directly in the skeletal muscle - a process that provides robust musculoskeletal fortification when your body needs it the most, during workouts or athletic competition. Formula consists of L-Leucine, L-Isolucine, L-Valine and L-Glutamine amino acids. Combined with vitamin B-6 and B-12 for optimized protein synthesis, BCAA may also increase energy and reduce occasional fatigue in support of your active lifestyle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Hi-Test Muscle Octane, Anabol Naturals, 60 Caps (13748)
    Hi-Test Muscle Octane is a scientifically formulated and balanced blend of branched chain free form amino acids: L-Leucine, L-Valine, and L-Isoleucine. Branched chain amino acids are metabolized in muscle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids, Pharmaceutical Grade, Now Foods, 60 Caps
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Life Extension, 90 Caps (91771)
    The branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) L-valine, L-leucine, and L-isoleucine enhance protein synthesis in liver cells and muscle cells. Because they can be oxidized in the cells mitochondria, the branched chain amino acids may also provide energy and may serve as fuel sources for skeletal muscles during periods of metabolic stress. As a result, BCAAs have been used with success to support liver function. A study in 2008 also showed BCAAs supplementation improved insulin resistance and beta cell function as well as energy metabolism and glucose tolerance in certain people.They are also used by athletes. A current mouse study showed restoring hippocampal BCAA concentrations to normal had the effect of reinstating normal brain function by helping the synapses to function efficiently.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) Keto 3:1, Olympian Labs, 90 Tabs (89824)
    Amino acid blend maximizes muscle performance, recovery and strength. This unique formula supports optimum muscle health, performance and results from exercise by combin- ing three Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and Alpha Ketoglutarte (AKG), a compound important in the synthesis of the amino acid Glutamine.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Solgar, 100 VCaps (36213)
    BCAA Plus supplies the three essential branched chain amino acids L-Leucine, L-Isoleucine and L-Valine in their pure, crystalline free forms. Long chains of molecularly bonded individual amino acids form protein. The body must first break these molecular (peptide) bonds for amino acid absorption to take place.BCAA free form amino acids are already in their simplest form (no peptide bonds) and can be readily absorbed into the bloodstream.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids, Pharmaceutical Grade, Now Foods, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Source Naturals, 120 Caps (76054)
    Source Naturals BCAA provides support to your body's muscular systems with a vigorous blend of branched-chain amino acids and supporting B vitamins. Research has shown that during exercise, branched-chain amino acids are metabolized directly in the skeletal muscle - a process that provides robust musculoskeletal fortification when your body needs it the most, during workouts or athletic competition. Formula consists of L-Leucine, L-Isolucine, L-Valine and L-Glutamine amino acids. Combined with vitamin B-6 and B-12 for optimized protein synthesis, BCAA may also increase energy and reduce occasional fatigue in support of your active lifestyle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), BlueBonnet Nutrition, 120 VCaps (100953)
    BCAAs Vcaps provides free-form, pharmaceutical-grade, anabolic amino acids (L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-valine) from Ajinomoto, the world-class quality leader in the production and purity of amino acids. These vegetarian-sourced BCAAs are provided in the scientifically supported 4:1:1 ratio for peak muscle performance, health and repair. Available in easy-to-swallow vegetable capsules for maximum assimilation and absorption.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Hi-Test Muscle Octane, Anabol Naturals, 120 Caps (13747)
    Hi-Test Muscle Octane is a scientifically formulated and balanced blend of branched chain free form amino acids: L-Leucine, L-Valine, and L-Isoleucine. Branched chain amino acids are metabolized in muscle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) With Glutamine, Jarrow Formulas, 600 mg, 120 Caps (91322)
    BCAA Complex contains the ideal 2:1:1 ratio of the free form, crystalline branched chain amino acids L-Leucine, L-Isoleucine and L-Valine combined with the conditionally essential amino acid L-Glutamine. BCAAs exert an anticatabolic effect by reducing the breakdown of protein, thereby protecting muscle tissue. Glutamine is a preferred source of fuel for the intestinal cells and is in high demand by skeletal muscles following physical exertion. Vitamin B-6 enhances amino acid metabolism.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Natural Sport, 2500 mg, 120 Caps (90383)
    BCAA 2500 by Natural Sport. Under the conditions of stress, injury or exercise the body uses BCAA to maintain Nitrogen Balance, it has essential amino acids that are absorbed by skeletal muscle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA)-2500 XP, Supplement Training Systems, 2500 mg, 120 VCaps (94030)
    BCAA 2500 XP is a blend of the branched chain amino acids L-Leucine L-Isoleicine and L-Valine. Under conditions of stress injury or exercise the body uses BCAA's to maintain nitrogen balance. BCAA's are essential amino acids that are mainly absorbed by skeletal muscle where they help support protein synthesis.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) Plus, Prolab Nutrition, 180 Caps (87258)
    Prolab BCAA Plus provides the essential amino acids L-Leucine, L-Valine and L-Isoleucine. These three protein-sparing amino acids are known as branched chain. It is a well known fact that amino acids are responsible for protein synthesis, hence the nickname building blocks. Studies show BCAAs are important for muscle growth and recuperation. Muscle production depends on an increase in protein synthesis. BCAAs are important in your quest for muscle growth and recuperation. Your body cannot manufacture its own BCAAs they must be supplied through your diet.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) Strength Fuel, TwinLab, 180 Tabs (70224)
    Research shows that branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) increase lean muscle mass and strength. BCAA Fuel has been formulated with the specific ratio of these essential amino acids to enhance absorption and muscle tissue recovery. The essential amino acids in BCAA Fuel (L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-valine) cannot be made by the body and are quickly oxidized during exercise. Supplementing with these BCAAs can play a key role in muscle growth and recuperation. Additionally, BCAAs help increase Nitrogen retention and protein synthesis necessary to build muscle while preventing tissue breakdown.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Performance Nutrition, Champion Nutrition, 200 Caps (77247)
    Prolab BCAA Plus provides the essential amino acids L-Leucine, L-Valine and L-Isoleucine. These three protein-sparing amino acids are known as branched chain. It is a well known fact that amino acids are responsible for protein synthesis, hence the nickname building blocks. Studies show BCAAs are important for muscle growth and recuperation. Muscle production depends on an increase in protein synthesis. BCAAs are important in your quest for muscle growth and recuperation. Your body cannot manufacture its own BCAAs they must be supplied through your diet.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Source Naturals, 240 Caps (76055)
    Source Naturals BCAA provides support to your body's muscular systems with a vigorous blend of branched-chain amino acids and supporting B vitamins. Research has shown that during exercise, branched-chain amino acids are metabolized directly in the skeletal muscle - a process that provides robust musculoskeletal fortification when your body needs it the most, during workouts or athletic competition. Formula consists of L-Leucine, L-Isolucine, L-Valine and L-Glutamine amino acids. Combined with vitamin B-6 and B-12 for optimized protein synthesis, BCAA may also increase energy and reduce occasional fatigue in support of your active lifestyle.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Pharmaceutical Grade, Free Form, Now Foods, 240 Caps (76359)
    Now Foods Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA's) dietary supplement - are 3 essential amino acids which are abundant in muscles. The branched chain amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine are three of the eight essential amino acids that the human body must receive in food. These amino acids cannot be synthesized in the liver.
    HerbsPro: Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA), Hi-Test Muscle Octane, Anabol Naturals, 240 Caps (13749)
    Hi-Test Muscle Octane is a scientifically formulated and balanced blend of branched chain free form amino acids: L-Leucine, L-Valine, and L-Isoleucine. Branched chain amino acids are metabolized in muscle.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information



  • RNA & DNA SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Phytonutrient, Vegan, are responsible for building proteins and protein synthesis in the body.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA, Country Life, 100 mg / 10 mg, 100 Tabs (37426)
    Vegetarian/Kosher An ideal 10 to 1 ratio of these vital nucleic acids RNA and DNA. ! RNA -100 mg / DNA - 10 mg in a Base of Brewer's Yeast
    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA, Solgar, 100 mg / 100 mg, 100 Tabs (36721)
    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA Yeast, Natures Life, 324 mg / 32.4 mg, 50 Tabs (89816)
    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA Yeast, Natures Life, 324 mg / 32.4 mg, 100 Tabs (89817)
    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA Yeast, Natures Life, 324 mg / 32.4 mg, 250 Tabs (89818)
    Nature''s Life RNA-DNA tablets are made with high-quality nutritional yeast. As a source of RNA-DNA and protein, yeast helps build healthy cells throughout the body.
    HerbsPro: RNA-DNA Moisture Creme, Natures Life, 2.25 oz. (89886)
    RNA/DNA Moisture Crme by Nature's Life this will enrich your skin, moisturizes and gives smooth touch to your skin.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: RNA-DNA Supplement Information



  • TRI-AMINO COMPLEX SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Tri-Amino, an amino acid supplement, is a comprehensive product that combines three essential amino acids, L-Arginine, L-Ornithine, and L-Lysine into one easy-to-take formula. Arginine and Ornithine are amino acids that are components of the urea cycle. Urea is the major end product of protein metabolism. Ammonia, the product of amino acid breakdown, is toxic and must be removed from the body. The urea cycle or the ornithine cycle describes the conversion reactions of ammonia into urea. Since these reactions occur in the liver, the urea is then transported to the kidneys where it is excreted. Lysine is an essential amino acid that is known for its role in the maintenance of nitrogen balance. Together these amino acids are critical for protein metabolism. This supplement should be avoided by persons with glaucoma or herpes simplex unless otherwise prescribed by a health care provider. Do not use if you have had a myocardial infarction or have established coronary artery disease.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Tri-Amino, Now Foods, 60 Caps (68824)
    HerbsPro: Tri-Amino, Now Foods, 120 Caps (68823)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information


  • PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTS



    RICE PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Rice Protein Powder 70%, Jarrow Formulas, 1 lb. (459 Grams) (69213)
    HerbsPro: Rice Protein Powder, Organic, Growing Naturals, Chocolate, 16.8 oz. (95659)
    HerbsPro: Brown Rice Protein, Mixed Berry Flavor, Jarrow Formulas, 1.1 lbs. (92566)
    HerbsPro: Brown Rice Protein, Chocolate Flavor, Jarrow Formulas, 1.2 lbs. (92567)
    HerbsPro: Alive Rice & Pea Protein Ultra Shake, Vanilla, Natures Way, 1.3 lbs. (70332)
    HerbsPro: Rice Protein, MLO Products Genisoy, 24 oz. (16388)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: Protein Supplement Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Rice Herbal Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information



  • SOY PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Textured Soy Protein Granules, Certified Organic, Now Foods, 8 oz. (108406)
    HerbsPro: Textured Soy Protein Granules, 1/4-inches, Now Foods, 8 oz. (86019)
    HerbsPro: Textured Soy Protein Nuggets, Certified Organic, Now Foods, 10 oz. (108407)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Powder, Naturade, 14.8 oz. (16888)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Isolate Powder, Non GMO, Now Foods, 1 lb. (68740)
    HerbsPro: Super Green Soy Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 1 lb. (89882)
    HerbsPro: Healthy Soy Protein Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 1 lb. (89955)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Concentrate Powder, Life Extension, 16 oz. (91775)
    HerbsPro: Soy Milk Powder (Instant), Now Foods, 20 oz. (85989)
    HerbsPro: Iso-Soy Protein-Isoflavone Concentrated Powder, Vanilla Bean, Solgar, 20 oz. (36522)
    HerbsPro: Iso-Soy Protein-Isoflavone Concentrated Powder, Chocolate Caramel, Solgar, 20 oz. (36521)
    HerbsPro: 100% Soy Protein, Naturade, 29.6 oz. (16887)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Isoate, Non-GMO, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (68738)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Powder, Chocolate, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (82052)
    HerbsPro: Soy Protein Powder, Vanilla, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (82051)
    HerbsPro: Healthy Soy Protein Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 2 lbs. (90141)
    HerbsPro: Super Green Soy Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 2 lbs. (89857)
    HerbsPro: Iso-Soy Protein-Isoflavone Concentrated Powder, Vanilla Bean, Solgar, 40 oz. (36523)
    HerbsPro: Healthy Soy Protein Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 3 Pack (90539)
    HerbsPro: Super Blue Soy Powder, Natures Life, Blue Berry, 3 Pack (90132)
    HerbsPro: Super Red Soy Powder, Natures Life, Berry, 3 Pack (89780)
    HerbsPro: Super Green Soy Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 3 lbs. (90061)
    HerbsPro: Super Green Soy Powder, Natures Life, Vanilla, 25 lbs. (89859)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: Protein Supplement Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Soy Bean Herbal Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Supplement Information



  • SPIRUTEIN PROTEIN PRODUCTS

    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Spirutein Protein Supplement Products
    Amazon: Spirutein High Protein Energy Meal Supplment Products



  • Nutrition Basics: Protein Supplement Information



  • WHEY PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Whey Powder, Sweet Organic, 4 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Whey Powder, Sweet, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Whey Powder, Sweet, Organic, 1 lb.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Whey To Go Protein Powder, Natural Vanilla Flavor, Solgar, 12 oz. (45790)
    HerbsPro: Designer Whey Protein, Strawberry, 12.7 oz. (73518)
    HerbsPro: Whey To Go Protein Powder, Natural Chocolate Flavor, Solgar, 16 oz. (36909)
    HerbsPro: Whey To Go Protein Powder, Natural Strawberry Flavor, Solgar, 16 oz. (100289)
    HerbsPro: Whey To Go Protein Powder, Natural Vanilla Flavor, Solgar, 32 oz. (45791)
    HerbsPro: Whey To Go Protein Powder, Natural Chocolate Flavor, Solgar, 41 oz. (36912)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Now Foods, 500 mg (1 lb.) (68879)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein With Glutamine, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 1 lb. (68888)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Fuel, Cookies & Cream, TwinLab, 1 lb. (84638)
    HerbsPro: 100% Berries & Whey Protein Powder, Biochem, 1.39 lbs. (79057)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Powder, Vanilla, Biochem, 1.71 lbs. (79046)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Chocolate Flavor, Now Foods, 1.8 lbs. (67944)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Strawberry Flavor, Now Foods, 1.8 lbs. (68881)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 1.8 lbs. (68882)
    HerbsPro: Whey Gold, 100% Whey, Extreme Chocolate Flavor, Optimum Nutrition, 2.0 lbs. (77954)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Pro-Amino, Vanilla, Healthy'N Fit, 2 lbs. (65038)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Chocolate Flavor, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (68877)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Strawberry Flavor, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (68884)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Economy, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (68887)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein With Glutamine, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 2 lbs. (68889)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Fuel, Chocolate Surge Flavor, TwinLab, 2 lbs. (67160)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Fuel, Vanilla Slam Flavor, TwinLab, 2 lbs. (67161)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Fuel, Strawberry Flavor, TwinLab, 2 lbs. (76087)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Natural, Pure Nutrition, 2 lbs. (73123)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Vanilla, Pure Nutrition, 2 lbs. (73124)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Peanut Butter, SDC Nutrition About Time, 2 lbs. (93204)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Banana, SDC Nutrition About Time, 2 lbs. (93206)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Cafe Mocha, BNRG, 2 lbs. (81731)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Vanilla Creme, BNRG, 2 lbs. (81734)
    HerbsPro: Designer Whey Protein, Strawberry, 2.1 lbs. (73396)
    HerbsPro: Pure Whey Protein, Variety Pack Vanilla, Champion Nutrition, 2.2 lbs. (14767)
    HerbsPro: Designer Whey Protein, Strawberry, 4 lbs. (73401)
    HerbsPro: Pure Whey Protein, Vanilla, Champion Nutrition, 5 lbs. (34938)
    HerbsPro: Pure Whey Protein, Chocolate, Champion Nutrition, 5 lbs. (36053)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Pro-Amino, Chocolate, Healthy'N Fit, 5 lbs. (65041)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Chocolate Flavor, Now Foods, 5 lbs. (67943)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 5 lbs. (68883)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Pure, Now Foods, 5 lbs. (68880)
    HerbsPro: 100% Whey Protein Fuel, Cookies & Cream Flavor, TwinLab, 5 lbs. (84760)
    HerbsPro: Whey Gold, 100% Whey, Chocolate Flavor, Optimum Nutrition, 5.15 lbs. (77932)
    HerbsPro: Whey Gold, 100% Whey, Cookies N Cream Flavor, Optimum Nutrition, 5.15 lbs. (77939)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Chocolate Economy, Now Foods, 6 lbs. (68878)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Now Foods, 6 lbs. (68886)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Chocolate Flavor, Now Foods, 10 lbs. (69022)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Chocolate Flavor, Now Foods, 10 lbs. (69023)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein Isolate, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 10 lbs. (69024)
    HerbsPro: Whey Protein, Vanilla Flavor, Now Foods, 10 lbs. (69027)


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

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  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Protein Supplement Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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