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GLUTAMIC ACID DESCRIPTION
A NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID
Glutamic Acid is a non-essential amino acid and is synthesized from a number of amino acids including Ornithine and Arginine. The carboxylate anions and salts of Glutamic Acid are known as glutamates. In neuroscience, glutamate is an important neurotransmitter that plays a role in in long-term potentiation and important for learning and memory. Glutamic Acid is an amino acid used by the body to build proteins. It increases the firing of neurons in the central nervous system, and is converted into either glutamine or GABA. The brain can use Glutamic Acidas fuel, and it is important in the metabolism of sugars and fats. Glutamic Acid is found in high-protein foods, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products.
Glutamic Acid is an excitatory neurotransmitter that increases the firing of neurons in the central nervous system. It is a major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and spinal cord and is the precursor of GABA (Gamma-Aminobuytric Acid).
This amino acid is important in the metabolism of sugars and fats, and aids in the transportation of Potassium across the blood-brain barrier. Although it does not pass the blood-brain barrier as readily as Glutamine does, it is found at high levels in the blood and may infiltrate the brain in small amounts. The brain can use Glutamic Acidas fuel. Glutamic Acid can detoxify ammonia by picking up nitrogen atoms, in the process creating another amino acid, Glutamic Acid into Glutamine is the only means by which ammonia in the brain can be detoxified.
Glutamic Acid helps to correct personality disorders and is useful in treating childhood behavioral disorders. It is used in the treatment of neurological conditions, epilepsy, mental retardation, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson's disease, and hypoglycemic coma, a complication of insulin treatment for diabetes. It helps speed the healing of ulcers, gives a "lift" from fatigue, and helps control alcoholism, schizophrenia, and the craving for sugar. It is considered a remedy for hypoglycemic coma (a complication of insulin treatment for diabetes), personality disorders and is useful for treating childhood behavioral disorders.
The fluid produced by the prostate gland also contains amounts of Glutamic Acid, and may play a role in the normal function of the prostate. Glutamic Acid helps in the prevention and reduces the risk of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).
Glutamic Acid is biosynthesized from a number of amino acids including Ornithine and Arginine. When aminated, Glutamic Acid forms the important amino acid Glutamine. Because it has a carboxylic acid moiety on the side chain, Glutamic Acid is one of only two amino acids (the other being Aspartic Acid) that has a net negative charge at physiological pH. This negative charge makes Glutamic Acid a very polar molecule and it is usually found on the outside of proteins and enzymes where it is free to interact with the aqueous intracellular surroundings. On a molar basis, Glutamic Acid is incorporated into proteins at a rate of 6.2 percent compared to the other amino acids.
GLUTAMIC ACID USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
Glutamic Acid may play a role in the normal function of the prostate because large amounts of this amino acid is found in the fluid produced by the prostate gland. Glutamic acid can also protect the heart muscle which is particularly helpful for those with heart disease. Taking a Glutamic Acid supplement is effective in correcting personality disorders and childhood behavioral disorders. It is also used in treating epilepsy, mental retardation, muscular dystrophy, ulcers, and hypoglycemic coma.
Heart Disorders. Glutamic Acid may have protective effects on the heart muscle in people with heart disease. Intravenous injections of Glutamic Acid (as monosodium glutamate) have been shown to increase exercise tolerance and heart function in people with stable angina pectoris.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. The fluid produced by the prostate gland contains significant amounts of Glutamic Acid, and this amino acid may play a role in normal function of the prostate. In one study, symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were improved in a group of 45 men taking 780 mg of Glutamic Acid per day for two weeks and then 390 mg for the next two and a half months in combination with equal amounts of the amino acids, Alanine and Glycine, an effect also reported by other researchers.
GLUTAMIC ACID DOSAGE INFORMATION
GLUTAMIC ACID FOOD SOURCES
Glutamic Acid, being a constituent of protein, is present in every food that contains protein, but it can only be tasted when it is present in an unbound form. Significant amounts of free Glutamic Acid are present in a wide variety of foods, including cheese and soy sauce, and is responsible for umami, one of the five basic tastes of the human sense of taste. Glutamic Acid is often used as a food additive and flavor enhancer in the form of its salt, known as monosodium glutamate (MSG).
Excellent sources of Glutamic Acid include all meats, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products, and kombu. Some protein-rich plant foods also serve as sources. Thirty to thirty-five percent of the protein in wheat is Glutamic Acid. Ninety-five percent of the dietary glutamate is metabolized by intestinal cells in a first pass.
GLUTAMIC ACID DEFICIENCY
None known, but deficiencies of GABA can result in excess activity of certain regions of the brain and seizures or behavioral hyperactivity. Dietary Glutamic Acid does not have a significant effect on GABA in the nervous system. Most food sources of protein supply Glutamic Acid, so only a person deficient in protein would become deficient in Glutamic Acid.
GLUTAMIC ACID SUPPLEMENTS
Healthy people do not need to take Glutamic Acid as a supplement. For those who do need to use this amino acid, appropriate amounts should be determined with the consultation of a health care provider. Amino acid supplements prefaced by the letter L, such as L-glutamic acid, are more similar to the amino acids in the body than those that start with the letter D, with the exception of DL-Phenylalanine, which treats chronic pain.
Adults may ingest 20 to 35 mg per day of this amino acid without any apparent ill effects. In general, Glutamine has been used therapeutically rather than glutamate in the management of certain types of problems such as alcoholism, liver problems, and certain biochemical problems.
Glutamic Acid Supplements & Products Amino Acid Complex Supplements & Products
GLUTAMIC ACID SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTION INFORMATION
Those who are allergic to MSG should avoid taking Glutamic Acid. If you have a neurological disease, consult your health care provider before taking Glutamic Acid supplements. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.
Supplementation with purified Glutamic Acid on an empty stomach of 3 grams (3000 mg) or more has resulted in intestinal disturbances.
Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), the form of Glutamic Acid that is used as a flavor enhancer, has been reported in anecdotal studies to have a number of different adverse effects (including headache, fatigue, and depression). However, controlled trials have failed to confirm that MSG causes these side effects, and the safety of this compound remains controversial. MSG can produce a condition called "Chinese Restaurant Syndrome" which is associated with muscle cramping, abdominal spasms, and gastric distress. Generally, Caucasians are more susceptible to this condition in that they are unable to convert glutamate to glutamine as efficiently as Orientals. Higher levels of Vitamin B-6 intake have been found useful for preventing "Chinese Restaurant Syndrome" due to enhanced conversion of glutamate to glutamine in those who are susceptible to this problem.
TOXICITY & SYMPTOMS OF HIGH INTAKE
High dosages of Glutamic Acid may include symptoms such as headaches and neurological problems. Although no major side effects are reported on supplementation of this nutrient and has generally been considered free of side effects for the vast majority of people who take it. People with kidney or liver disease should not consume high intakes of amino acids without first consulting their healthcare provider.
Glutamic Acid is generally free of side effects for the vast majority of people who take it; however, people with kidney or liver disease should not consume high intakes of amino acids without consulting a health care professional. Because over stimulation of glutamate receptors is thought to be a possible cause of certain neurological diseases (e.g., amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [Lou Gehrig's disease] and epilepsy), people with a neurological disease should consult of a health care provider before supplementing with glutamate. At the time of writing, there were no well-known drug interactions with Glutamic Acid.
GLUTAMIC ACID AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Products and supplements containing Glutamic Acid and other related products.
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
GLUTAMIC ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: L-Glutamic Acid, Free Form, Solgar, 500 mg, 100 Tabs (36554)
Amazon: Glutamic Acid Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Glutamic Acid Supplement Information
AMINO ACID COMPLEX PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: Amino-9 Essentials Powder, Now Foods, 330 Grams
Complete Free Form blend of all 9 essential amino acids. Dietary supplements helpful in sports. GMP quality assured.
HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals
HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 grams
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 240 Caps
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Caps
For tissue repair, reduced soreness and accelerated recovery, as well as a wealth of non-training benefits, this blend of 23 pure crystalline 100% pharmaceutical grade free-form amino acids is unmatched.
HerbsPro: Amino Max 21, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
A high quality, hypoallergenic amino acid formulation. Amino Max 21 is a scientifically formulated combination of 21 crystalline, free-form amino acids in the natural L-configuration. Because free-form amino acids are readily bioavailable and require no digestion by the body, they can be absorbed efficiently into the bloodstream and accompanying tissues where they are used for cellular regeneration.
HerbsPro: Essential Amino Acid Complex, Solgar, Free Form, 600 mg, 90 VCaps (36384)
HerbsPro: Amino Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 120 Caps
HerbsPro: Max-Amino With Vitamin B-6, Blend of 18 Amino Acids, Country Life, 180 Caps
An easily absorbed blend of 18 amino acids yielding high biological activity. An ideal formula for athletes, and when protein demands may not be fully satisfied. B-6 aids in the utilization of amino acids. An easily absorbed Amino Acid Supplement.
HerbsPro: Amino Acid Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 360 Caps
HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 16 fl. oz. (19499)
Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that help relieve muscle breakdown.
HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 32 fl. oz. (19498)
Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that helps to relieve muscle breakdown. The protein in this product is a predigested collagen and whey (lactalbumin) protein and is therefore utilized 100%. Contains all the essential amino acids derived by enzymatically hydrolyzing the animal protein collagen and whey protein (lactalbumin). The amino acids in this product are naturally present in the protein. They are not added or manufactured. 15 grams per ounce. New improved formula. Predigested collagen. Enriched with predigested whey protein, a superior source of high quality amino acids.
Amazon: Amino Acid Complex Complete Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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