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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Amino Acids
CITRULLINE


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Citrulline Description
  • Citrulline Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Citrulline Dosage Information
  • Citrulline Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Citrulline Supplement Products




  • CITRULLINE DESCRIPTION

    A NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID

    Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid, meaning it need not be ingested because the body produces it.

    microscopic citrulline


    MOLECULAR DESCRIPTION

    Citrulline exists primarily in the liver, where it is heavily involved in the urea cycle to detoxify and excrete ammonia. This unusual amino acid is formed in the urea cycle by the addition of carbon dioxide and ammonia to ornithine. Next, it is combined with aspartic acid to form arginosuccinic acid, which later is metabolized into the amino acid arginine. Citrulline is not a component of any major proteins or enzymes.





    CITRULLINE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    BENEFITS

    Citrulline promotes energy, stimulates and assists with the immune system. This unusual amino acid is formed in the urea cycle by the addition of carbon dioxide and ammonia to ornithine. It is then combined with Aspartic Acid to form Arginosuccinic Acid, which later is metabolized to form L-Arginine. Citrulline detoxifies the liver from ammonia, which is a waste product of the body from oxidation and damages living cells. Citrulline is found primarily in the liver in high concentrations.

    Citrulline has been shown to speed recover from fatigue. It has also been utilized in the treatment of Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency and other Urea Cycle disorders.

    Citrulline is not a component of any major proteins or enzymes.



    Melon Rind May Hold Potent Cure
    by HerbNet.com Ezine

    26/02/03 - Could a cure to sickle-cell-related deficiencies lie in the rind of the honey-like bounty of Mediterranean summers? Scientists in the US would have us believe so with new research that suggests melon rinds contain citrulline, an amino acid that plays an important role in the human body's urea cycle.

    Citrulline, an amino acid that removes nitrogen from the blood and helps convert it to urine, helps create arginine, another amino acid of which some people are deficient. According to Agnes Rimando, a research chemist at the US Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the recent study of melon rinds could lead to the production of rind-based extract or dietary-supplement products that address arginine- or sickle-cell-related deficiencies. In the urea cycle, citrulline combines with another acid to create arginine. Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid, meaning it need not be ingested because the body produces it. Amino acids - the body's building blocks - are produced when digestion breaks down protein. Disorders in the urea cycle can lead to a lethal buildup of proteins such as ammonia in the bloodstream. Arginine or citrulline are often recommended to address these disorders. Arginine boosts nitric oxide, which relaxes blood vessels and could consequently help treat angina and other cardiovascular problems. Arginine has also been credited with boosting muscle growth, improving wound healing, combating fatigue, stimulating the immune system, curing impotence and fighting cancer. Rimando maintains that the discovery came early during a study - in collaboration with plant physiologist Penelope Perkins-Veazie at a ARS laboratory in Oklahoma - that was aimed at determining the citrulline content of different watermelon varieties.





    CITRULLINE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    RECOMMENDED DOSAGE

    As a dietary supplement, take Citrulline 1-1/4 teaspoon (3 grams) two times daily, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner.

  • Citrulline Supplement Products





  • CITRULLINE SAFETY, CAUTIONS, & INTERACTION INFORMATION

    SAFETY

    Doses higher than 6,000 mg (6 grams) may cause adverse effects.

    Children should not be given supplemental amino acids. Consult your healthcare provider or midwife if pregnant, symptoms of nausea, diarrhea, or dizziness last more than a week, or if new symptoms appear.






    CITRULLINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS


    Products and supplements containing Citrulline and other related products.

  • Citrulline Supplement Products

  • Amino Acid Complex Supplement Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS



    CITRULLINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid that is an important intermediate in the urea cycle, functioning along with Arginine and Ornithine to rid the body of ammonia, a byproduct of protein metabolism. Because Citrulline is a precursor of Arginine, it provides a readily available source material for Arginine production, which in turn, can be used for the production of Nitric Oxide. Citrulline therefore, not only supports detoxification pathways, but also supports NO (Nitric Oxide) production and a healthy cardiovascular system.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, 100% Pure Powder, Now Foods, 4 oz. (71658)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline Powder, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 100 grams (46036)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline Powder, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 3.53 oz. (69220)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Caps (69221)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps (69222)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Detox & Healthy Cardiovasular System, Now Foods, 750 mg, 90 Caps (67961)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Now Foods, 750 mg, 180 Caps (82035)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 30 Tabs (69223)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 60 Tabs (69224)
    HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 120 Tabs (69225)
    HerbsPro: L-Arginine & L-Citrulline Complex, Source Naturals, 120 Tabs (69833)
    HerbsPro: Arginine & Citrulline, Now Foods, 500 mg / 250 mg, 120 Caps (79311)
    Arginine and Citrulline are two amino acids that are integral to protein metabolism and utilization, as well as to the maintenance of muscle tissue. Both are key intermediates in the urea cycle, where they participate in the detoxification of ammonia via the production of urea. Arginine that has not been converted to urea enters general circulation where it is distributed to various tissues and metabolized for other uses such as protein synthesis. Scientific studies have shown that supplementing Citrulline along with Arginine helps maintain nitrogen balance better than supplementation with Arginine alone.
    HerbsPro: L Arginine & L-Citrulline Complex, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 240 Tabs (69835)
    L-Arginine and L-citrulline are two amino acids bundled into a single powerful supplement. L-Arginine is an important factor in muscle metabolism and is a precursor for nitric oxide, which promotes increased circulation by relaxing blood vessels. L-Citrulline helps the body rid itself of ammonia, a by-product of exercise. This clearing enables the body to recover after a workout. If you are pregnant, may become pregnant, or are breastfeeding, have a history of heart disease, hypotension, renal or hepatic failure, or are taking any prescription medications such as nitroglycerine or any drugs for erectile dysfunction, consult your health care professional prior to using this product. Not recommended following acute myocardial infarction. Do not use if either tamper-evident seal is broken or missing. Keep out of the reach of children.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Citrulline Amino Acid Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Citrulline Amino Acid Supplement Information



  • AMINO ACID COMPLEX PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Amino-9 Essentials Powder, Now Foods, 330 Grams
    Complete Free Form blend of all 9 essential amino acids. Dietary supplements helpful in sports. GMP quality assured.
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 grams
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 240 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Caps
    For tissue repair, reduced soreness and accelerated recovery, as well as a wealth of non-training benefits, this blend of 23 pure crystalline 100% pharmaceutical grade free-form amino acids is unmatched.
    HerbsPro: Amino Max 21, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
    A high quality, hypoallergenic amino acid formulation. Amino Max 21 is a scientifically formulated combination of 21 crystalline, free-form amino acids in the natural L-configuration. Because free-form amino acids are readily bioavailable and require no digestion by the body, they can be absorbed efficiently into the bloodstream and accompanying tissues where they are used for cellular regeneration.
    HerbsPro: Essential Amino Acid Complex, Solgar, Free Form, 600 mg, 90 VCaps (36384)
    HerbsPro: Amino Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Max-Amino With Vitamin B-6, Blend of 18 Amino Acids, Country Life, 180 Caps
    An easily absorbed blend of 18 amino acids yielding high biological activity. An ideal formula for athletes, and when protein demands may not be fully satisfied. B-6 aids in the utilization of amino acids. An easily absorbed Amino Acid Supplement.
    HerbsPro: Amino Acid Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 360 Caps
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 16 fl. oz. (19499)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that help relieve muscle breakdown.
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 32 fl. oz. (19498)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that helps to relieve muscle breakdown. The protein in this product is a predigested collagen and whey (lactalbumin) protein and is therefore utilized 100%. Contains all the essential amino acids derived by enzymatically hydrolyzing the animal protein collagen and whey protein (lactalbumin). The amino acids in this product are naturally present in the protein. They are not added or manufactured. 15 grams per ounce. New improved formula. Predigested collagen. Enriched with predigested whey protein, a superior source of high quality amino acids.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Amino Acid Complex Complete Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information






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    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

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