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A NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID
Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid, meaning it need not be ingested because the body produces it.
Citrulline exists primarily in the liver, where it is heavily involved in the urea cycle to detoxify and excrete ammonia. This unusual amino acid is formed in the urea cycle by the addition of carbon dioxide and ammonia to ornithine. Next, it is combined with aspartic acid to form arginosuccinic acid, which later is metabolized into the amino acid arginine. Citrulline is not a component of any major proteins or enzymes.
CITRULLINE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE
Citrulline promotes energy, stimulates and assists with the immune system. This unusual amino acid is formed in the urea cycle by the addition of carbon dioxide and ammonia to ornithine. It is then combined with Aspartic Acid to form Arginosuccinic Acid, which later is metabolized to form L-Arginine. Citrulline detoxifies the liver from ammonia, which is a waste product of the body from oxidation and damages living cells. Citrulline is found primarily in the liver in high concentrations.
Citrulline has been shown to speed recover from fatigue. It has also been utilized in the treatment of Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency and other Urea Cycle disorders.
Citrulline is not a component of any major proteins or enzymes.
Melon Rind May Hold Potent Cure
by HerbNet.com Ezine 26/02/03
Could a cure to sickle-cell-related deficiencies lie in the rind of the honey-like bounty of Mediterranean summers? Scientists in the US would have us believe so with new research that suggests melon rinds contain citrulline, an amino acid that plays an important role in the human body's urea cycle.
Citrulline, an amino acid that removes nitrogen from the blood and helps convert it to urine, helps create arginine, another amino acid of which some people are deficient. According to Agnes Rimando, a research chemist at the US Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the recent study of melon rinds could lead to the production of rind-based extract or dietary-supplement products that address arginine- or sickle-cell-related deficiencies. In the urea cycle, citrulline combines with another acid to create arginine. Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid, meaning it need not be ingested because the body produces it. Amino acids - the body's building blocks - are produced when digestion breaks down protein. Disorders in the urea cycle can lead to a lethal buildup of proteins such as ammonia in the bloodstream. Arginine or citrulline are often recommended to address these disorders. Arginine boosts nitric oxide, which relaxes blood vessels and could consequently help treat angina and other cardiovascular problems. Arginine has also been credited with boosting muscle growth, improving wound healing, combating fatigue, stimulating the immune system, curing impotence and fighting cancer. Rimando maintains that the discovery came early during a study - in collaboration with plant physiologist Penelope Perkins-Veazie at a ARS laboratory in Oklahoma - that was aimed at determining the citrulline content of different watermelon varieties.
CITRULLINE DOSAGE INFORMATION
As a dietary supplement, take Citrulline 1-1/4 teaspoon (3 grams) two times daily, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner.
Citrulline Supplement Products
CITRULLINE SAFETY, CAUTIONS, & INTERACTION INFORMATION
Doses higher than 6,000 mg (6 grams) may cause adverse effects.
Children should not be given supplemental amino acids. Consult your healthcare provider or midwife if pregnant, symptoms of nausea, diarrhea, or dizziness last more than a week, or if new symptoms appear.
CITRULLINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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CITRULLINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid that is an important intermediate in the urea cycle, functioning along with Arginine and Ornithine to rid the body of ammonia, a byproduct of protein metabolism. Because Citrulline is a precursor of Arginine, it provides a readily available source material for Arginine production, which in turn, can be used for the production of Nitric Oxide. Citrulline therefore, not only supports detoxification pathways, but also supports NO (Nitric Oxide) production and a healthy cardiovascular system.
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, 100% Pure Powder, Now Foods, 4 oz. (71658)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline Powder, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 100 grams (46036)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline Powder, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 3.53 oz. (69220)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Caps (69221)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps (69222)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Detox & Healthy Cardiovasular System, Now Foods, 750 mg, 90 Caps (67961)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Now Foods, 750 mg, 180 Caps (82035)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 30 Tabs (69223)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 60 Tabs (69224)
HerbsPro: L-Citrulline, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 120 Tabs (69225)
HerbsPro: L-Arginine & L-Citrulline Complex, Source Naturals, 120 Tabs (69833)
HerbsPro: Arginine & Citrulline, Now Foods, 500 mg / 250 mg, 120 Caps (79311)
Arginine and Citrulline are two amino acids that are integral to protein metabolism and utilization, as well as to the maintenance of muscle tissue. Both are key intermediates in the urea cycle, where they participate in the detoxification of ammonia via the production of urea. Arginine that has not been converted to urea enters general circulation where it is distributed to various tissues and metabolized for other uses such as protein synthesis. Scientific studies have shown that supplementing Citrulline along with Arginine helps maintain nitrogen balance better than supplementation with Arginine alone.
HerbsPro: L Arginine & L-Citrulline Complex, Source Naturals, 1000 mg, 240 Tabs (69835)
L-Arginine and L-citrulline are two amino acids bundled into a single powerful supplement. L-Arginine is an important factor in muscle metabolism and is a precursor for nitric oxide, which promotes increased circulation by relaxing blood vessels. L-Citrulline helps the body rid itself of ammonia, a by-product of exercise. This clearing enables the body to recover after a workout. If you are pregnant, may become pregnant, or are breastfeeding, have a history of heart disease, hypotension, renal or hepatic failure, or are taking any prescription medications such as nitroglycerine or any drugs for erectile dysfunction, consult your health care professional prior to using this product. Not recommended following acute myocardial infarction. Do not use if either tamper-evident seal is broken or missing. Keep out of the reach of children.
Amazon: Citrulline Amino Acid Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Citrulline Amino Acid Supplement Information
AMINO ACID COMPLEX PRODUCTS
HerbsPro: Amino-9 Essentials Powder, Now Foods, 330 Grams
Complete Free Form blend of all 9 essential amino acids. Dietary supplements helpful in sports. GMP quality assured.
HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals
HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 grams
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 240 Caps
HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Caps
For tissue repair, reduced soreness and accelerated recovery, as well as a wealth of non-training benefits, this blend of 23 pure crystalline 100% pharmaceutical grade free-form amino acids is unmatched.
HerbsPro: Amino Max 21, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
A high quality, hypoallergenic amino acid formulation. Amino Max 21 is a scientifically formulated combination of 21 crystalline, free-form amino acids in the natural L-configuration. Because free-form amino acids are readily bioavailable and require no digestion by the body, they can be absorbed efficiently into the bloodstream and accompanying tissues where they are used for cellular regeneration.
HerbsPro: Essential Amino Acid Complex, Solgar, Free Form, 600 mg, 90 VCaps (36384)
HerbsPro: Amino Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 120 Caps
HerbsPro: Max-Amino With Vitamin B-6, Blend of 18 Amino Acids, Country Life, 180 Caps
An easily absorbed blend of 18 amino acids yielding high biological activity. An ideal formula for athletes, and when protein demands may not be fully satisfied. B-6 aids in the utilization of amino acids. An easily absorbed Amino Acid Supplement.
HerbsPro: Amino Acid Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 360 Caps
HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 16 fl. oz. (19499)
Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that help relieve muscle breakdown.
HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 32 fl. oz. (19498)
Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that helps to relieve muscle breakdown. The protein in this product is a predigested collagen and whey (lactalbumin) protein and is therefore utilized 100%. Contains all the essential amino acids derived by enzymatically hydrolyzing the animal protein collagen and whey protein (lactalbumin). The amino acids in this product are naturally present in the protein. They are not added or manufactured. 15 grams per ounce. New improved formula. Predigested collagen. Enriched with predigested whey protein, a superior source of high quality amino acids.
Amazon: Amino Acid Complex Complete Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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