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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Nutrition Basics

Amino Acids
CARNITINE

L-Carnitine & Acetyl-L-Carnitine


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Carnitine Description
  • Carnitine Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Carnitine Dosage Information
  • Carnitine Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Carnitine & Acetyl-L-Carnitine Supplement Products




  • CARNITINE DESCRIPTION

    A VITAMIN-B RELATIVE

    Carnitine is not an amino acid in the strictest sense (it is actually a substance related to the B vitamins and often called vitamin BT). However, because it has a chemical structure similar to that of amino acids, it is usually considered together with them. It is available as D-Carnitine, L-Carnitine, DL-Carnitine as well as Acetyl-L-Carnitine, but with L-Carnitine being the most popular type. L-Carnitine is synthesized from the essential amino acids Lysine and Methionine, but enough Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine) and Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine) must be available.

    Unlike true amino acids, Carnitine is not used for protein synthesis or as a neurotransmitter. Its main function in the body is to help transport long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, which are burned within the cells to provide energy, as well as for the removal of short-chain organic acids from the mitochondria, which frees the intra-mitochondrial coenzymes. This is a major source of energy supply within the cell, as well as for the muscles. Carnitine thus increases the use of fat as an energy source. This prevents fatty buildup, especially in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscles.

    Carnitine reduces the health risks posed by poor fat metabolism associated with diabetes; inhibits alcohol-induced fatty liver; and lessens the risk of heart disorders. Studies have shown that damage to the heart from cardiac surgery can be reduced by treatment with Carnitine.

    Carnitine has the ability to lower blood triglyceride levels, aid in weight loss, and improve muscle strength in people with neuromuscular disorders. Conversely, it is believed that Carnitine deficiency may be a contributor to certain types of muscular dystrophy, and it has been shown that these disorders lead to losses of Carnitine in the urine. People with such conditions need greater than normal amounts of Carnitine. Carnitine also enhances the effectiveness of the antioxidant Vitamins E and Vitamin C.

    Carnitine is an amino acid produced endogenously in the kidneys and liver and is derived from meat and dairy products. Carnitine has been found to have health benefits associated primarily with heart health and plays an important role in the protection against heart disease. An additional health benefit of Carnitine is that it increases fat metabolism; therefore, it can help reduce the chances of becoming obese. Carnitine is a nutrient responsible for the transport of long chain fatty acids into the energy producing centers of the cells (known as mitochondria). In other words, Carnitine helps the body convert fatty acids into energy, which is used primarily for muscular activities throughout the body. Many athletes and body builders use Carnitine supplements because they believe it increases stamina and develops muscle mass.

    microscopic carnitine


    MOLECULAR DESCRIPTION

    The major biochemical function of Carnitine is to act as a trans-membrane carrier of fatty acids to the interior of mitochondria. Carnitine is not used in the biosynthesis of proteins or enzymes and has an unusual structure compared to the classical amino acids. It is synthesized naturally from the amino acids Lysine and Methionine, but good external sources of Carnitine are milk products and meats.






    CARNITINE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    Research studies have shown that people who supplement with Carnitine while engaging in an exercise regimen are less likely to have muscle soreness; however, there is no evidence that supports the belief that Carnitine helps build muscle or improve athletic performance. In other clinical trials, Carnitine has been given to people with chronic lung disease to research how the body responds to exercise, and in these double-blind reports, they found positive changes in lung function and metabolism during exercise. Carnitine supplements have also been used to treat angina, chronic heart failure, heart attack, anemia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and diabetes.

  • Some studies indicate that Carnitine may improve endurance in those weakened by disease, and boost an immune response in people who are HIV-infected.

  • A form of Carnitine that is produced naturally in the brain - Acetyl-L-Carnitine, or ALC - is currently being studied in supplement form as a possible treatment for memory loss associated with aging and Alzheimer's disease.

  • Studies are conflicting regarding the effectiveness of Carnitine for enhancing athletic performance by improving energy and fat metabolism. A positive effect appears most pronounced for endurance-related events, such as cycling and long distance running.

  • Some people have dietary deficiencies of Carnitine or cannot properly absorb this nutrient from foods that they eat. Carnitine deficiencies may be caused by genetic disorders, liver or kidney problems, high-fat diets, certain medications and low dietary levels of the amino acids Lysine and Methionine (substances needed to make Carnitine). Carnitine deficiencies may cause symptoms such as fatigue, chest pain, muscle pain, weakness, low blood pressure, and/or confusion. Carnitine supplements are particularly valuable for people with conditions that can interfere with its absorption, including various liver and kidney problems, metabolic stress, long-term alcohol use, and in some cases, a high-fat diet. So check with your healthcare provider if you have any concerns. A simple urine test can determine if you have a Carnitine deficiency.

  • CARNITINE RESEARCH

    Carnitine may have functions in cellular metabolism such as plasma membrane fatty acid remodeling, gene regulation and modulation of cytokine concentrations in experimental sepsis and cancer cachexia.

    Esters of Carnitine (Acetyl- and Propionyl-Carnitine) may have pharmacological value, by virtue of their antioxidant properties and/or ability to deliver readily oxidizable carbon units to mitochondria, in chronic disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and ischemia-induced myocardial dysfunction in angina pectoris.

    The long-term administration of Acetyl-L-Carnitine to aged rats restores a synaptic pattern comparable to that of young rats. With the exception of the tocopherols all the antioxidants had lower concentrations in the Substantia nigra, which showed the most severe neuronal depletion with age. Acetyl-L-Carnitine is being investigated as a determinant of neuronal longevity.

    Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR), is regarded with interest because of its capacity to counteract several physiological and pathological modifications typical of brain aging processes. In particular, it has been demonstrated that ALCAR can counteract the age-dependent reduction of several receptors in the central nervous system of rodents, such as the NMDA receptor system, the Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) receptors, those of glucocorticoids, neurotransmitters and others, thereby enhancing the efficiency of synaptic transmission, which is considerably slowed down by aging and appears to reverse age-associated deficits in cellular function, in part by increasing cellular ATP production.

    RELATED LINKS

  • Ketogenic Diet & Carnitine
  • L-Carnitine For Treatment of Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) Fatigue





  • CARNITINE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    SUPPLEMENT FORMS

    Supplemental Carnitine is available as tablets, capsules, powder, and injectables and in different forms, including D-carnitine, L-carnitine, DL-carnitine, and acetyl-L-carnitine. L-carnitine is the preferred form. Amino acid supplements prefaced by the letter L, such as L-carnitine, are more similar to the amino acids in the body than those that start with the letter D, with the exception of DL Phenylalanine, which treats chronic pain. Most people do not need to supplement their diet with Carnitine; however, for therapeutic use, the standard dosage is 1 to 3 grams per day. When digested as a pill, Carnitine is not able to cross the blood brain barrier as well as its activated form Acetyl-L-Carnitine, which has a significantly more noticeable effect on the mind than Carnitine.

    CARNITINE FOOD SOURCES

    Carnitine can also be obtained from food, primarily red meats and other foods of animal origin, such as fish, chicken and milk, which are also high in carnitine. L-Carnitine is a compound naturally occurring in all foods but significant amounts are only found in dark meats (due to high concentration of mitochondria), for example: lamb (190 mg / 4 oz), beef (143 mg / 4 oz), poultry (13 mg / 4 oz), and fish (3 to 10 mg / 4 oz). Less Carnitine is available in tempeh (fermented soybeans), wheat, and avocados. Vegetables and grains contain very little of this nutrient. Carnitine supplementation may be needed especially for vegetarian diets or when dark meats are consumed in small amounts because neither preformed carnitine nor its precursor amino acids are ingested in adequate amounts to support optimal health. Vitamin B-12 is an important cofactor in many metabolic pathways, including endogenous carnitine synthesis. Diets low in animal meat are very deficient in Vitamin B-12, as well as carnitine.

    CARNITINE DEFICIENCY

  • Since Carnitine can be manufactured in the body, supplementation of Carnitine is not essential in healthy bodies. If you do take Carnitine supplements for longer than a month, you should add Mixed Amino Acids in with your supplemental program.

  • Carnitine deficiencies are rare, even in strict vegetarians, because the body produces it so easily, though rare genetic diseases, diabetes, and cirrhosis, can cause a Carnitine deficiency. In some heart conditions oxygen deprivation can occur, which could lead to a deficiency in Carnitine as well.

  • Without enough Carnitine to move fatty acids to the right place, your body will eventually wear down, and you may feel drained and tired. The heart in particular is highly dependent on Carnitine, and taking it in supplement form is currently being explored as an option for speeding recovery after a heart attack as well as for treating angina (chest pain), arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats), and congestive heart failure.

  • Carnitine can be manufactured by the body if sufficient amounts of Iron, Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine), and the amino acids Lysine and Methionine are available. The synthesis of Carnitine also depends on the presence of adequate levels of Vitamin C. Inadequate intake of any of these nutrients can result in a Carnitine deficiency.

  • Many cases of Carnitine deficiency have been identified as partly genetic in origin, resulting from an inherited defect in Carnitine synthesis. Possible symptoms of deficiency include confusion, heart pain, muscle weakness, and obesity.

  • Men normally require more Carnitine than women because of heavier body mass. L-Carnitine is a vitamin-like molecule that serves numerous functions in the body. Its main function is to stimulate the breakdown of fats. L-Carnitine is an alpha-hydroxy acid that is primarily located in the muscle. Carnitine is the critical player for the transport of fatty acids into mitochondria. Mitochondria are the powerhouses that produce energy in the cell that the body needs to function properly. The energy is produced when fats are burned in the mitochondria. Since mitochondria need oxygen to burn fat, it follows that supplementation with Carnitine ensures adequate supply of oxygen to the muscle. The supply of oxygen becomes extremely important when one exercises. Intense exercise for longer periods of time on a regular basis results in the loss of carnitine. Therefore, Carnitine must be replaced in order for the muscle to remain toned and healthy.

  • Vegetarians are more likely than non-vegetarians to be deficient in Carnitine because it is not found in vegetable protein. Moreover, neither Methionine nor Lysine, two of the key constituents from which the body makes Carnitine, are obtainable from vegetable sources in sufficient amounts. To ensure adequate production of Carnitine, vegetarians should take supplements or should eat grains, such as cornmeal, that have been fortified with Lysine.

  • Most infant formulas that do not contain Carnitine and could be supplemented with Carnitine to the levels found in human milk, 11.3 mg/L (70 mmol/L). If possible, breastfeeding your baby should be your first choice, not supplementing your infant's formula. Breast milk is always superior to any commercially made infant formula. You should consult with your healthcare provider or midwife, your baby's pediatrician, or a lactation specialist regarding this matter.

  • SPECIFIC DISORDERS
    • Alzheimer's Disease: 500 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day.
    • Angina: 500 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day on an empty stomach.
    • Arrhythmia: 500 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day.
    • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: 500-1,000 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day.
    • Congestive Heart Failure: 1,000 mg (2 capsules) L-Carnitine 2 or 3 times a day on an empty stomach.
    • Fibromyalgia: 100 mg L-Carnitine twice a day.
    • Heart Disease Prevention: 500 mg L-Carnitine twice a day.
    • Infertility, Male: 2,000 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day.
    • Memory Loss/Impairment: 500 mg L-Carnitine twice a day with meals.
    • Weight Loss: 500 mg L-Carnitine 3 times a day.

  • Carnitine Supplement Products





  • CARNITINE SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTION INFORMATION

    When taking Valproic acid, it is more likely to cause toxicity if the patient under treatment has a Carnitine deficiency. The drug may cause decreased Carnitine levels. Supplements of Carnitine may increase the effects of the anticoagulant medication Warfarin.

    Higher than commonly recommended doses of Carnitine (3,000 mg) can apparently promote an unusual body odor (fish odor syndrome) and/or may cause diarrhea.






    CARNITINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS


    Products and supplements containing Carnitine, Acetyl-L-Carnitine and other related products.

  • Carnitine & Acetyl-L-Carnitine Products

  • Amino Acid Complex Supplement Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS



    CARNITINE & ACETYL L-CARNITINE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Carnitine Complex, Solgar, 60 Tabs (100197)
    HerbsPro: Optimized Carnitine With GlycoCarn, Life Extension, 60 VCaps (91875)
    Optimized Carnitine with GlycoCarn combines three advanced forms of carnitine in one single formula to help you optimize energy output: Acetyl-L-carnitine crosses the blood-brain barrier to combat oxidative stress and promote energy production in brain and central nervous system tissues. It also supports the release and synthesis of acetylcholine, enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors. Acetyl-L-carnitine arginate (ArginoCarn) is a patented form of carnitine. Cell studies suggest that it promotes the growth of neurites that facilitate communication among nerve cells in the brain. GlycoCarn is a patented form of carnitine called glycine propionyl-L-carnitine that is molecularly bonded to glycine, one of the precursor amino acids to carnitine biosynthesis. This form offers such benefits as enhanced fatty acid metabolism, antioxidant activity and increased nitric oxide production. In addition, GlycoCarn promotes optimal blood flow and combats muscle fatigue by increasing energy and sparing glycogen stores. These optimized forms of carnitine help transport fatty acids right to the heart of your energy-producing mitochondria. And that boost in cellular function can help you produce cellular energy faster, for a quicker recovery after exercise and less muscle fatigue during exercise. It may also benefit your brain, heart, and central nervous system right along with your muscles.
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 250 mg, 30 VCaps (100395)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Solgar, 250 mg, 30 VCaps (36539)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 250 mg, 60 VCaps (100396)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Solgar, 250 mg, 60 VCaps (36540)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Solgar, 250 mg, 90 VCaps (36541)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 250 mg, 100 Caps (1112)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 250 mg, 250 Caps (13111)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 500 mg, 30 VCaps (100397)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Solgar, 500 mg, 30 Tabs (36608)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 30 Caps (13750)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine With B-6, Country Life, 500 mg, 30 Caps (37246)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 50 Caps (3123)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine With B-6, Country Life, 500 mg, 60 Caps (37247)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Now Foods, 500 mg, 60 Caps (67899)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Now Foods, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (67900)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Caps
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 500 mg, 60 VCaps (100398)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Solgar, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (36609)
    HerbsPro: Mega L-Carnitine, TwinLab, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (19759)
    HerbsPro: Vitaline L-Carnitine, Enzymatic Therapy, 500 mg, 60 Caps (12678)
    HerbsPro: Mega L-Carnitine, TwinLab, 500 mg, 90 Tabs (19758)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 100 Caps (91318)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, BlueBonnet Nutrition, 500 mg, 100 Liquid-Caps (100954)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 100 Liquid-Caps (84886)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps (104561)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 180 Caps (66549)
    HerbsPro: Best Carnitine Energy, Doctors Best, 667 mg, 90 Tabs (104080)
    HerbsPro: Best L-Carnitine Fumarate, Doctors Best, 855 mg, 60 VCaps (69124)
    HerbsPro: Best L-Carnitine Fumarate, Doctors Best, 855 mg, 180 VCaps (77507)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine, Now Foods, 1000 mg, 100 Tabs (67904)
    HerbsPro: Mega L-Carnitine, TwinLab, 500 mg, 12 fl. oz. (19760)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, Tropical Punch, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 16 fl. oz. (67906)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, Citrus, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 16 fl. oz. (67903)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, Jarrow Formulas, 1000 mg, 16 fl. oz. (13112)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, BlueBonnet Nutrition, Orange Flavor, 1100 mg, 8 fl. oz. (100403)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, BlueBonnet Nutrition, Raspberry Flavor, 1100 mg, 8 fl. oz. (100399)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, BlueBonnet Nutrition, Vanilla Flavor, 1100 mg, 8 fl. oz. (100401)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, Solgar, 1500 mg, 16 fl. oz. (100284)
    HerbsPro: L-Carnitine Liquid, Citrus, Triple Strength, NOW Foods, 3000 mg, 16 fl. oz. (71652)
    L-Carnitine Liquid provides all of the extensive benefits of Carnitine in a highly absorbable liquid form. L-Carnitine Liquid is a non-essential amino acid that helps to maintain overall good health by facilitating the transfer of fatty acid groups into the mitochondrial membrane for cellular energy production. It naturally occurs in red meat and other animal-source foods, but we recommend supplementation to obtain optimal levels of this excellent amino acid.
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 30 Tabs (7207)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Solgar, 250 mg, 30 VCaps (36170)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 250 mg, 60 Caps (45998)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 60 Tabs (7205)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 90 Tabs (7206)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Life Extension, 500 mg, 100 Caps (91803)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 120 Tabs (7204)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 30 Tabs (7208)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 60 Caps (45816)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (7209)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 500 mg, 100 Caps (45999)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 120 Caps (78988)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Tabs (7210)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, TwinLab, 500 mg, 120 Caps (66044)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 240 Caps (78989)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Solgar, 1000 mg, 30 Tabs (100196)
    HerbsPro: ALA Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 100 Caps (69186)
    HerbsPro: ACLA Acetyl-L-Carnitine Arginate, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 100 Caps (66040)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine-Arginate, Life Extension 100 Caps (91854)
    A major cause of aging is a reduction in the energy-producing components of the cell, resulting in reduced cellular metabolic activity, and the accumulation of cellular debris.L-carnitine helps maintain cellular energy metabolism by assisting in the transport of fat through the cell membrane and into the mitochondria within the cell, where fats are oxidized to produce the cellular energy ATP. Acetyl-L-carnitine arginateis a patented form of carnitine. Cell culture studies show that it can stimulate the growth of neurites, nerves found in the brain. The acetylated form of L-carnitine (acetyl-L-carnitine) facilitates the release and synthesis of acetylcholine by donating its acetyl group to the production of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter.Acetyl-L-carnitine also enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors. With the discovery of acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, the benefits of acetyl-L-carnitine can now be greatly augmented.
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 30 Tabs (62788)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 60 Tabs (62789)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 120 Tabs (62790)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 180 Tabs (89066)


    LIFE EXTENSION PRODUCTS

    LEF: L-Carnitine, Life Extension, 500 mg, 30 VCaps
    Mitochondria, the powerhouses found within human cells, produce the energy that vital tissues need to keep us vibrant, healthy, and young.35 Normal levels of carnitine support optimum functioning of mitochondria. The problem is that over time, those normal levels of carnitine diminish in all of our tissues, reducing cellular energy production and metabolic activity, a major cause of aging. The answer is carnitine supplementation, because carnitine helps: Maintain cellular metabolic activity by assisting in the intracellular transport of fatty acids from the cell fluid into the mitochondria where fats are oxidized to generate cellular energy. Prevent excess accumulation of cellular debris. Support a healthy concentration of nitric oxide, which helps endothelial cells relax and maintain blood flow, supporting proper blood pressure. Maintain healthy body fat composition, which in turn supports insulin sensitivity and healthy blood sugar levels already within normal range. Support brain cells’ natural defenses against age-related memory and cognitive decline.
    LEF: Optimized Carnitine with Glycocarn, Life Extension, 700 mg, 60 VCaps
    Lower cellular energy production is an inevitable part of aging. Carnitine, an amino acid derivative, is found in nearly all cells of the body, promoting the burning of fatty acids for fuel in the mitochondria. Cellular energy production declines as we age. So Life Extension has developed state-of-the-art products that provide optimized, third generation forms of carnitine that help transport fatty acids right to the heart of your energy-producing mitochondria and produce cellular energy faster. This boost in cellular function can help provide a quicker recovery after exercise and less muscle fatigue during exercise. It may also benefit your brain, heart and central nervous system right along with your muscles. Optimized Carnitine with GlycoCarn® combines these three advanced forms of carnitine in one single formula to help you optimize your energy output:
  • Acetyl-L-Carnitine crosses the blood-brain barrier to combat oxidative stress and promote energy production in brain and central nervous system tissues. It also supports the release and synthesis of acetylcholine, and enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors. Acetyl L-Carnitine HCl: 400 mg per Capsule.
  • ArginoCarn® is a patented form of acetyl-L-carnitine arginate dihydrochloride that is molecularly bonded to the amino acid arginine and known as the AminoCarnitine® generation. Cell studies suggest that it can promote the growth of neurites that facilitate communication among nerve cells in the brain. Acetyl L-Carnitine Arginate Di-HCl: 150 mg per Capsule.
  • Glycine Propionyl-L-Carnitine Hydrochloride (GlycoCarn®) is a patented form of AminoCarnitine® that is molecularly bonded to the amino acid glycine, one of the precursor amino acids to carnitine biosynthesis. This form offers such wide benefits as enhanced fatty acid metabolism, antioxidant activity and increased nitric oxide production. Recent research also shows support for those that participate in sports activities. Glycine Propionyl L-Carnitine HCl: 150 mg per Capsule.
  • LEF: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Life Extension, 500 mg, 100 VCaps
    LEF: Acetyl-L-Carnitine Arginate, Life Extension, 620 mg, 100 VCaps
    A major cause of aging is a reduction in the energy-producing components of the cell, resulting in reduced cellular metabolic activity, and the accumulation of cellular debris. L-carnitine helps maintain cellular energy metabolism by assisting in the transport of fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria within the cell, where fats are oxidized to produce the cellular energy (adenosine triphosphate or ATP). The acetylated form of L-carnitine (Acetyl-L-carnitine) facilitates the release and synthesis of acetylcholine by donating its acetyl group to the production of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter. Acetyl-L-carnitine also enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors (300 mg per Capsule). ArginoCarn® is a patented form of acetyl-L-carnitine dihydrochloride that is molecularly bonded to the amino acid arginine and known as the AminoCarnitine® generation. Cell studies suggest that it can stimulate the outgrowth of neurites (320 mg per Capsule). Acetyl-L-carnitine is as effective as L-carnitine in carrying fatty acids across the membrane into the cell where they are burned as energy, but also promotes optimal brain health. With the discovery of acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, the benefits of acetyl-L-carnitine can now be greatly augmented.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 250 mg, 40 Tabs: N
    Kalyx: Carnipure L-Carnitine, Bricker Labs, 250 mg, 50 Tabs: HF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 250 mg, 60 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 250 mg, 90 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Thompson Nutritional, 500 mg, 30 Caps: K
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Natrol, 500 mg, 30 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Fat Burner, Natrol, 500 mg 30 capsules: K
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Natures Way, 500 mg, 60 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Mega L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 60 Tabs: HF
    Kalyx: Mega L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 90 Tabs: HF
    Kalyx: Carnipure L-Carnitine, Bricker Labs, 500 mg, 100 Tabs: HF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 500 mg, 250 Tabs: N
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine HCL, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Base USP 30, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Fumarate, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine L-Tartrate, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Plus Green Coffee Extract, Top Secret Nutrition, 800 mg, 60 VCaps: HF
    Synergistic fat burning blend supports body fat reduction. Inhibits fatty acid synthase. Stimulates lipolysis. Promotes fat metabolism. Boosts energy. Gluten Free. Green Coffee Extract L-Carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid which plays a vital role in the metabolism of fat. It functions as a transporter of fatty acids into the mitochondria, the metabolic furnace of the cell. It has been established that an adequate supply of L-carnitine is necessary for the maintenance of good health and energy. L-carnitine transports long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane to be metabolized. L-carnitine aids in the release of stored body fat, called triglycerides, into the bloodstream for energy. Green Coffee Extract (GCA) - GCA is extracted form coffee beans that have not yet been roasted. There are two key compounds in unroasted coffee beans: caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. The chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid in GCA have been clinically studied to have several beneficial effects on weight loss. Studies suggest that GCA is an effective nutraceutical in reducing weight in adults for the following reasons: Inhibition of fatty acid synthase, increased fat oxidation and increased metabolism.
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Plus Raspberry Ketones, Top Secret Nutrition, 60 Liquid Caps: HF
    Top Secret Nutrition L-Carnitine Plus Raspberry Ketones is a unique fat burning formula that provides metabolic energy transports fatty acids to muscle tissue. Helps support body fat reduction. Helps stimulate fat oxidation. Improves thermogenesis. Metabolic enhancer. It is a naturally occurring amino acid which plays a vital role to the metabolism of fat. It functions as a transporter of fatty acids into the mitochondria, the metabolic furnace of the cell. It has been established that an adequate supply of L-carnitine is necessary for the maintenance of good health and energy. L-carnitine is necessary for the maintenance of good health and energy. L-carnitine transports long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane to be metabolized. L-carnitine aids in the release of stored body fat, called triglycerides, into the bloodstream for energy. Raspberry Ketones (Razberi-k) is a ketone unique to the raspberry. Raspberries contain many bioactive constituents beneficial for health. One particular constituent, 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl) butan-2-one appears to have the potential to support body fat reduction by increasing norepinephrine-induced lipolysis. Research advocates that enhancing lipolysis may augment glycerol release, increasing the translocation of hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) in fat cells, and increasing brown adlipose tissue, known to increase thermogenesis and oxidation of body fat.
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Plus African Mango, Top Secret Nutrition, 60 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: L Carnitine plus Garcinia Cambogia Extract, Top Secret Nutrition, 60 VCaps: HF
    Top Secret Nutrition L-Carnitine Plus Garcinia Camogia Extract is a two-pronged approach in the battle for fat reduction and weight loss management. Aiding in the promotion of beta-oxidation (fat burning) in the body. Attacking one of the pathways to fatty acid synthesis in the body helping to prevent fat accumulation and storage. L-Carnitine is a naturally occuring amino acid which plays a vital role in the metabolism of fat. It functions as a transporter of fatty acids into the mitochondria, the metabolic furnace of the cell. It has been established that an adequate supply of L-carnitine is necesary for the maintenance of good health and energy. L-carnitine transports long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial membrane to be metabolized. L-carnitine also aids in the release of stored body fat, called triglycerides, into the bloodstream for energy. One additional benefit of L-Carnitine is that recent research indicates that L-Carnitine is anti-catabolic and thus can help protect lean muscle during dieting. Promote positive mood. Helps reduce body fat, burn belly fat and control appetite.
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Raspberry Ketones and Green Coffee Bean, Natures Answer, 16 fl oz: HF
    High-quality natural products for vital, healthy lifestyles since 1972. FDA Registered, Pharmaceutically licensed, cGMP facility. Nature's Answer L-Carnitine and Raspberry Ketones combines the purest form of L-Carnitine- Carnipure, with Raspberry Ketones, a naturally derived compound that produces the scent of raspberries. Together they support healthy weight maintenence by promoting fat metabolism. The formula is further enhanced with 'fat fighters' Green Coffee Bean (50% Chlorogenic Acid) and Green Tea. Quik-Sorb is an exclusive blend of herbs known to enhance delivery of nutrients to the body.
    Kalyx: L-Carnitine Plus Raspberry Ketones Liquid, Top Secret Nutrition, 16 oz: HF
    Provides metabolic energy transports fatty acids to muscle tissue. Helps support body fat reduction. Helps stimulate fat oxidation. Improves thermogenesis.
    Kalyx: Wild Berry L-Carnitine Fuel 1100 Liquid, Twinlab, 1100 mg, 16 fl oz: HF
    Powerful 1100 mg L-Carnitine per serving. Two servings daily help support fat burning and energy when used as part of a healthy diet and exercise program. Zero fat and zero sugars. Helps boost endurance. Clinically tested ingredients with no artificial colors, flavors or sweeteners. L-Carnitine is an amino acid suggested to promote fat-burning, athletic performance, energy and stamina. Twinlab L-Carnitine Fuel 1100 is in a convenient liquid designed to deliver the power of this amino acid quickly and deliciously.
    Kalyx: Raspberry Carnipure L-Carnitine Liquid, Bricker Labs, 3000 mg, 16 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Lemon LIme Liquid L-Carnitine with CoQ-10 plus L-Arginine, Dynamic Health, 16 fl oz: HF
    Dynamic Health Lemon LIme Liquid L-Carnitine with CoQ-10 plus L-Arginine is a cardiovasular formula to promote heart health and energy. It is a unique formulation of L-Carnitine, CoQ-10 and L-Arginine that provides a blend of antioxidant and amino acids which are essential in human nutrition to promote heart health and fat metabolism. Free of corn, milk, soy, sugar, wheat, and yeast.
    Kalyx: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 250 mg, 60 VCaps: N
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 30 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Natures Way, 500 mg, 60 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 90 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 500 mg, 100 Caps: N
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twin Lab, 500 mg, 120 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl-L-Carnitine HCL, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Acetyl-L-Carnitine Amino Acid Supplement Products
    Amazon: Carnitine Amino Acids Supplement Products

    Note: These merchants have many more L-Carnitine and Acetyl-L-Carnitine products than are listed on this page. Although we have tried to list a varied selection of products to choose from, if you are looking for a specific brand in a specific dosage and you do not see it listed here, do a product search on the merchant's website by clicking on one of the links and using their search boxes.

  • Nutrition Basics: Carnitine & Acetyl-L-Carnitine Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information



  • ACETYL-L-CARNITINE PRODUCTS

    Acetyl-L-Carnitine is absorbed into the bloodstream more efficiently than L-Carnitine, passes more easily through cell membranes, and is utilized more efficiently in the mitochondria of the cell. L-Carnitine Liquid provides all of the extensive benefits of Carnitine in a highly absorbable liquid form. Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALC) is a stabilized form of the amino acid metabolite L-Carnitine and is utilized in the same manner in the body and it is the train that fats ride when it's time for them to go and be burned up for energy.

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 30 Tabs (7207)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Solgar, 250 mg, 30 VCaps (36170)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 250 mg, 60 Caps (45998)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 60 Tabs (7205)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 90 Tabs (7206)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Life Extension, 500 mg, 100 Caps (91803)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 250 mg, 120 Tabs (7204)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 30 Tabs (7208)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 60 Caps (45816)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Tabs (7209)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology / Allergy Research Group, 500 mg, 100 Caps (45999)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 120 Caps (78988)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Tabs (7210)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, TwinLab, 500 mg, 120 Caps (66044)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Country Life, 500 mg, 240 Caps (78989)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Solgar, 1000 mg, 30 Tabs (100196)
    HerbsPro: ALA Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Jarrow Formulas, 100 Caps (69186)
    HerbsPro: ACLA Acetyl-L-Carnitine Arginate, Jarrow Formulas, 500 mg, 100 Caps (66040)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine-Arginate, Life Extension 100 Caps (91854)
    A major cause of aging is a reduction in the energy-producing components of the cell, resulting in reduced cellular metabolic activity, and the accumulation of cellular debris.L-carnitine helps maintain cellular energy metabolism by assisting in the transport of fat through the cell membrane and into the mitochondria within the cell, where fats are oxidized to produce the cellular energy ATP. Acetyl-L-carnitine arginateis a patented form of carnitine. Cell culture studies show that it can stimulate the growth of neurites, nerves found in the brain. The acetylated form of L-carnitine (acetyl-L-carnitine) facilitates the release and synthesis of acetylcholine by donating its acetyl group to the production of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter.Acetyl-L-carnitine also enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors. With the discovery of acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, the benefits of acetyl-L-carnitine can now be greatly augmented.
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 30 Tabs (62788)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 60 Tabs (62789)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 120 Tabs (62790)
    HerbsPro: Acetyl-L-Carnitine & Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Source Naturals, 650 mg, 180 Tabs (89066)


    LIFE EXTENSION PRODUCTS

    LEF: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Life Extension, 500 mg, 100 VCaps
    LEF: Acetyl-L-Carnitine Arginate, Life Extension, 620 mg, 100 VCaps
    A major cause of aging is a reduction in the energy-producing components of the cell, resulting in reduced cellular metabolic activity, and the accumulation of cellular debris. L-carnitine helps maintain cellular energy metabolism by assisting in the transport of fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria within the cell, where fats are oxidized to produce the cellular energy (adenosine triphosphate or ATP). The acetylated form of L-carnitine (Acetyl-L-carnitine) facilitates the release and synthesis of acetylcholine by donating its acetyl group to the production of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter. Acetyl-L-carnitine also enhances the release of dopamine from neurons and helps it bind to dopamine receptors (300 mg per Capsule). ArginoCarn® is a patented form of acetyl-L-carnitine dihydrochloride that is molecularly bonded to the amino acid arginine and known as the AminoCarnitine® generation. Cell studies suggest that it can stimulate the outgrowth of neurites (320 mg per Capsule). Acetyl-L-carnitine is as effective as L-carnitine in carrying fatty acids across the membrane into the cell where they are burned as energy, but also promotes optimal brain health. With the discovery of acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, the benefits of acetyl-L-carnitine can now be greatly augmented.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 250 mg, 60 VCaps: N
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 30 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Natures Way, 500 mg, 60 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twinlab, 500 mg, 90 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Nutricology, 500 mg, 100 Caps: N
    Kalyx: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Twin Lab, 500 mg, 120 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Acetyl-L-Carnitine HCL, Kalyx Bulk Products, 25 Kg (55 lbs): GF


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Acetyl-L-Carnitine Amino Acid Supplement Products
    Amazon: Carnitine Amino Acids Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Carnitine & Acetyl-L-Carnitine Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information



  • AMINO ACID COMPLEX PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Amino-9 Essentials Powder, Now Foods, 330 Grams
    Complete Free Form blend of all 9 essential amino acids. Dietary supplements helpful in sports. GMP quality assured.
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance Powder, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 grams
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 240 Caps
    HerbsPro: Amino Balance, Free Form Amino Acid Complex, Anabol Naturals, 500 mg, 500 Caps
    For tissue repair, reduced soreness and accelerated recovery, as well as a wealth of non-training benefits, this blend of 23 pure crystalline 100% pharmaceutical grade free-form amino acids is unmatched.
    HerbsPro: Amino Max 21, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
    A high quality, hypoallergenic amino acid formulation. Amino Max 21 is a scientifically formulated combination of 21 crystalline, free-form amino acids in the natural L-configuration. Because free-form amino acids are readily bioavailable and require no digestion by the body, they can be absorbed efficiently into the bloodstream and accompanying tissues where they are used for cellular regeneration.
    HerbsPro: Essential Amino Acid Complex, Solgar, Free Form, 600 mg, 90 VCaps (36384)
    HerbsPro: Amino Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 120 Caps
    HerbsPro: Max-Amino With Vitamin B-6, Blend of 18 Amino Acids, Country Life, 180 Caps
    An easily absorbed blend of 18 amino acids yielding high biological activity. An ideal formula for athletes, and when protein demands may not be fully satisfied. B-6 aids in the utilization of amino acids. An easily absorbed Amino Acid Supplement.
    HerbsPro: Amino Acid Complete, Balanced Blend Complex, Now Foods, 360 Caps
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 16 fl. oz. (19499)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that help relieve muscle breakdown.
    HerbsPro: Cher-Amino Liquid Protein, TwinLab, 32 fl. oz. (19498)
    Cher Amino Protein is a concentrated and peptide bonded free amino acid supplement contains all essential amino acid derived from natural enzyme hydrolysis of collagen protein and whey protein that helps to relieve muscle breakdown. The protein in this product is a predigested collagen and whey (lactalbumin) protein and is therefore utilized 100%. Contains all the essential amino acids derived by enzymatically hydrolyzing the animal protein collagen and whey protein (lactalbumin). The amino acids in this product are naturally present in the protein. They are not added or manufactured. 15 grams per ounce. New improved formula. Predigested collagen. Enriched with predigested whey protein, a superior source of high quality amino acids.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Amino Acid Complex Complete Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Amino Acid Complex Supplement Information






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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
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    Carrot Seed Oil
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    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
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    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
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    Labdanum Oil
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    Lemon-Balm Oil
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    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
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    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
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  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
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  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
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  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
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  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
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  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
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  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
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  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
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