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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Disorders

THROMBOPHLEBITIS




For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Thrombophlibitis Description
  • Types of Thrombophlibitis
  • Frequent Signs & Symptoms of Thrombophlebitis
  • Causes of Thrombophlebitis
  • Varicose Veins Risk Factors
  • Complications
  • Prevention
  • Diagnosis
  • Conventional Treatment of Varicose Veins
  • Medications For Thromboplebitis
  • Follow Up Care
  • Prognosis
  • Information About Medical Treatments
  • Considerations
  • Diet & Nutrition Recommendations
  • Herbal Therapy Recommendations
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Notify Your Health Care Provider
  • Varicose Veins & Hemorrhoid Products




  • THROMBOPHLIBITIS DESCRIPTION

    Phlebitis means inflammation of a vein. If inflammation is associated with the formation of a thrombus (a blood clot) in the vein, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. This problem usually occurs in the extremities, particularly the legs. On rare occasions, thrombophlebitis (often shortened to "phlebitis") can affect veins in your arms or neck.

    The affected vein may be near the surface of your skin, causing superficial thrombophlebitis, or deep within a muscle, causing deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A clot in a deep vein increases your risk of serious health problems, including a dislodged clot (embolism) traveling to your lungs and blocking a pulmonary artery (pulmonary embolism). Thrombophlebitis can be caused by prolonged inactivity, such as from sitting for a long time in an airplane or automobile or from lengthy bed rest after surgery.

    You can use self-care methods to ease pain and reduce your risk of clots. Various treatments, including medications and surgery, also are available for thrombophlebitis.





    thrombophlebitis types


    TYPES OF THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    Thrombophlebitis can be either superficial or deep.

    SUPERFICIAL THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    It is considered superficial if it affects a subcutaneous vein, one of the veins near the skin's surface. In superficial thrombophlebitis, the affected vein can be felt (it feels harder than normal), and may be seen as a reddish line under the skin, with localized swelling, pain and tenderness to the touch. If there is widespread vein involvement, the lymphatic vessels (thin-walled vessels carrying fluid from the tissues to the bloodstream) may become inflamed. Superficial thrombophlebitis is a relatively common disorders. A superficial clot may be brought by trauma, infection, standing for long periods of time, lack of exercise, and intravenous drug use. Pregnancy, varicose veins, obesity and smoking increase the risk of superficial vein thrombophlebitis. Thrombophlebitis may also be associated with environmental sensitivities or allergies. Diagnosis of the condition is usually based on physical findings and/or a medical history indicating an increased risk.

    DEEP VEIN THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    Deep thrombophlebitis (known as deep vein thrombophlebitis, or DVT) affects the deeper, larger intermuscular or intramuscular veins farther below the skin's surface. DVT is a much more serious condition than superficial thrombophlebitis because the veins affected are larger and located deep within the musculature of the leg. These are the veins responsible for the transport of 90-percent of the blood that flows back to the heart from the legs.





    thrombophlebitis swelling in the leg


    FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    Symptoms of thrombophlebitis may include:
    • Warmth, tenderness and pain in the affected area over the vein.
    • Skin redness (not always present) and swelling (inflammation) in the part of the body affected.

    superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg


    SUPERFICIAL THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    The symptoms include the above plus:
    • Red hard and tender cord just under the surface of the skin.

    deep vein thrombophlebitis


    DEEP VEIN THROMBOPHLEBITIS (DVT)

    When a deep vein in the leg is affected, your leg may become:
    • Painful and tender, most noticeably when you stand or walk.
    • Swelling of the limb.
    • Fever and chills may sometimes, but not often accompany other symptoms.
    • Bluish discoloration of the skin of the affected limb (DVT).

    The pain is typically felt as a deep soreness that is worse when standing or walking and that gets better with rest, especially with the leg elevated. The veins directly under the skin may become dilated and more visible.

    Inflammation situated in a vein in the pelvis is called pelvic vein thrombophlebitis.

    However, many people with deep vein thrombophlebitis have no symptoms.





    formation of a blood clot around a valve in a vein


    CAUSES OF THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    The reason or reasons for the formation of clots in veins are often unknown. Blood clots can be caused by many different things - namely anything that causes your blood not to circulate properly.

    In most cases, clots are probably the result of minor injury to the inside lining of a blood vessel. If the vessel receives a microscopic tear, for instance, this initiates clotting - a normal part of the body's repair processes. Platelets clump together to protect the injured area, and a series of biochemical events is initiated that results in the transformation of fibrinogen, a circulating blood protein, into strands of insoluble fibrin, which are deposited to form a net that traps blood cells, plasma, and yet more platelets. The result is a blood clot.

    Other possible causes of deep thrombus formation include:
    • Abnormal clotting tendencies.
    • Poor circulation.
    • Certain types of cancer.
    • Behcet's syndrome, a condition affecting the small blood vessels that predispose and individual to the formation of clots.

    Factors that increase the risk of DVT include:
    • Recent childbirth.
    • Surgery.
    • Trauma.
    • The use of birth control pills.
    • Major illness resulting in prolonged bed rest (some studies indicate that up to 35 percent of hospital patients develop DVT).





    thrombophlebitis inflammation


    THROMBOPHLEBITIS RISK FACTORS

    Any long period of immobility - whether from being bedridden or sitting during extended periods of travel - is a risk factor for DVT. DVT has been dubbed the "economy class syndrome" due to its association with long-distance air travel, but it can just as often affect people who frequently take trips on buses or trains or in cars. Unusual and tragic cases, such as the death of 39 year-old NBC reporter David Bloom, caused by his riding for days in a cramped military vehicle while covering the Iraq war, occasionally bring DVT to the attention of the public. In fact, any situation that creates restricted blood flow, including:
    • Inactivity for long periods of time, such as sitting in a car or on an airplane.

    • Being confined to bed for a prolonged time, such as after surgery, after a heart attack or after an injury, such as breaking your leg.

    • Certain types of cancers, such as pancreatic cancer, that may cause an increase in procoagulants, These are substances necessary for blood clotting (coagulation) in your blood.

    • Having had a stroke that caused your arms or legs to be paralyzed.

    • Having a pacemaker or having a thin, flexible tube (catheter) in a central vein, for treatment of a medical condition, which may irritate the blood vessel wall and decrease blood flow.

    • Obesity or being overweight.

    • Inherited clotting disorder or having a family history of a blood-clotting disorder or a tendency to form blood clots easily.

    • Pregnancy or just having given birth, which may mean you have increased pressure in the veins of your pelvis and legs.

    • The use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, which may make your blood more likely to clot.

    • Being a smoker. Nicotine is a vaso-constrictor, restricting normal bloodflow.

    • Having varicose veins.

    • Damage to the veins due to injury or orthopedic surgery.
    Or anything else, can lead to DVT.

    The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk of thrombophlebitis. If you have one or more risk factors, be sure to discuss prevention strategies with your health care provider before long periods of inactivity, such as a long flight, a long car ride or after an elective surgery.





    THROMBOPHLEBITIS COMPLICATIONS

    If thrombophlebitis is in a vein just under your skin (superficial vein), complications are rare. However, if the clot occurs in a deep vein you may develop a serious medical condition known as deep vein thrombosis. If that happens, the risk of serious complications is greater. Complications may include:
    • Pulmonary Embolism. If part of a deep vein clot becomes dislodged (embolism), it may travel to your lungs, where it can block an artery and cause a potentially life-threatening situation.

    • Heart Attack or Stroke. If you have certain types of congenital heart defects that have caused a hole in your heart - such as a patent foramen ovale (PFO), an atrial septal defect or a ventricular septal defect - a clot traveling through your bloodstream can enter your coronary arteries or brain and cause a heart attack or stroke.

    BLOOD FLOW RESTRICTION

    The primary risk associated with DVT is a sharp restriction in blood blow through the veins that can result in chronic venous insufficiency, a condition characterized by swelling, increased pigmentation, dermatitis, and ulceration of the affected leg.

    DVT can become life-threatening if a blood clot breaks off from the venous lining and travels through the bloodstream to the heart, lung, or brain, where it may lodge in a blood vessel and cut of circulation to those vital organs.

    HEART EMBOLISM

  • If a blood clot blocks the supply of blood to the heart, the result is a heart attack.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Heart Attack

    BRAIN EMBOLISM

  • If a blood clot blocks the supply of blood to the brain, a stroke may occur.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Stroke

    pulmonary embolism


    PULMONARY EMBOLISM

  • If blood flow to the lung is blocked, the result is a pulmonary embolism, a less well known but equally serious scenario.

  • Chest pain can be a symptoms of both heart attack and pulmonary embolism.


  • Other common symptoms of pulmonary embolism, besides chest pain are:
    • Unexplained shortness of breath.
    • Coughing up of blood.

    If you have any symptoms of pulmonary embolism, you need emergency medical help at once.

    However, despite its potential seriousness, DVT can be completely without symptoms. Indeed nearly half of all people who have it have no symptoms at all. Nine out of ten cases of pulmonary embolism are caused by blood clots that form in the legs and travel to the lungs. More than 600,000 people in the United States have a pulmonary embolism each year, and more than 10-percent die from it. Most who die do so within 30 to 60 minutes after symptoms start. Pulmonary embolism occurs equally in men and women, but the risk of having pulmonary embolism doubles for each 10 years after age 60.

    dilated vein and valve damage


    VALVE DAMAGE & THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    A potential complication of DVT is postphlebitic syndrome, a permanent condition caused by valves in the leg veins that no longer work properly. For people with this syndrome, clotting takes a long time to clear up, and the result is sometimes an inflammatory reaction that can scar the veins, particularly the valves. These valves act as check valves, allowing the blood to flow only one way (back to the heart). If the valves are defective or become damaged, blood can flow backwards, which allows it to pool in the legs to cause pain, swelling, and sometimes, skin ulceration and varicose veins.

    Deep vein thrombosis also may damage valves in the veins in your legs. Veins have valves to prevent blood from flowing back as it is gradually pushed uphill toward your heart. When the valves in the veins of your legs do not work properly, several problems can occur:
    • Varicose Veins. The pooling of blood in your veins can cause them to balloon, resulting in varicose veins.
    • Swelling. In some cases, the pooling may become so bad that your leg swells (edema).
    • Skin Discoloration. With chronic swelling and increased pressure on your skin, discoloration called stasis pigmentation may occur. In some cases, skin ulcers may develop. If you suspect a skin ulcer is forming, call your health care provider.
    • Blocked Vein. Deep vein thrombosis can cause a permanent blocking of blood flow in the vein.





    THROMBOPHLEBITIS PREVENTION

    Blood clots can occur for a number of reasons. One concern many people have is that blood clots can be caused by sitting for hours at a time, as when you are traveling by car or airplane. While sitting for long periods can promote a blood clot that can lead to thrombophlebitis, this occurs relatively rarely. By taking proper precautions, such as periodically stretching your legs or getting up to walk around, you can decrease your risk of developing thrombophlebitis.

    PREVENTION TIPS

  • To prevent thrombophlebitis, quit smoking if you are a smoker because smoking increases your risk of a blood clot.

  • Sitting during a long flight or car ride can cause swollen ankles and calves. The inactivity also increases your risk of thrombophlebitis in the veins of your legs.
    • To help prevent a blood clot from forming, take a walk. If you are flying, walk around the airplane cabin once an hour or so. If you are driving, stop every hour and walk around.

    • If you must stay seated, move your legs regularly. Flex your ankles, or carefully press your feet against the floor or foot rest in front of you at least 10 times each hour.

    On flights or car rides lasting more than four hours, take additional precautions to reduce your risk of deep vein thrombosis:
    • Avoid wearing tight clothing around your waist.
    • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
    • Stretch your calves by walking at least once an hour.

    If you are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis, talk to your health care provider before your flight. He or she may recommend:
    • Wear compression stockings.

    • A mild blood-thinning medication given before departure. Aspirin therapy is generally not recommended and could thin your blood too much if you are also taking warfarin (Coumadin). However, if you are taking aspirin for other reasons, you should continue taking it.

  • If you are hooked up to intravenous lines (IV) either at home or at the hospital, routine changing of IV lines helps to prevent phlebitis related to IV lines.





  • THROMBOPHLEBITIS DIAGNOSIS

    Before your health care provider appointment, you can begin some self-care measures.
    • You can use a warm washcloth as a compress on the affected area, and elevate your leg to help with any discomfort.

    • If you decide to take any pain-relieving medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), be sure to tell your health care provider. These medications can interact with other blood clot-dissolving medications your health care provider prescribes.

    PREPARING FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT

    You do not need to make any special preparations for an appointment with your health care provider to diagnose thrombophlebitis. Because appointments can be brief, and because there is often a lot of information to cover, it is a good idea to be prepared for your appointment. Here is some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from your visit to your health care provider.

  • Write down any symptoms you are experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to thrombophlebitis.

  • Write down key personal information, especially if you have a family history of blood-clotting disorders.

  • Make a list of all medications, as well as any vitamins or supplements, including herbal supplements or home remedies, that you are taking.

  • Take a family member or friend along, if possible. Sometimes it can be difficult to soak up all the information provided to you during an appointment. Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot.

  • Be prepared to discuss if you have been seated for long periods of time recently, such as traveling by car or plane. Also, if you are planning to travel and are concerned about your thrombophlebitis risk, tell your health care provider about your travel plans.

  • Write down questions to ask your health care provider. Your time with your health care provider is limited, so preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time together. List your questions from most important to least important in case time runs out. For thrombophlebitis, some basic questions to ask your health care provider include:
    • What is likely causing my symptoms or condition?
    • What are other possible causes for my symptoms or condition?
    • What kinds of tests will I need?
    • What is the best course of action?
    • What is an appropriate level of physical activity for me now that I have been diagnosed with thrombophlebitis?
    • What about once my clot is gone?
    • What are the alternatives to the primary approach that you are suggesting?
    • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
    • Are there any restrictions that I need to follow?
    • Should I see a specialist?
    • What will that cost, and will my insurance cover seeing a specialist? (You may need to ask your insurance provider directly for information about coverage.)
    • Is there a generic alternative to the medicine you are prescribing me?
    • Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can take home with me?
    • What Web sites do you recommend visiting?

    In addition to the questions that you have prepared to ask your health care provider, do not hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time that you do not understand something.

    MEDICAL HISTORY

    Your health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to spend more time on. Your health care provider may ask:
    • When did you first begin experiencing symptoms?
    • Have you been inactive lately, such as sitting or lying down for long periods?
    • Have your symptoms been continuous, or occasional?
    • How severe are your symptoms?
    • What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms?
    • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?
    • Do you have a family history of health problems related to blood clots?

    PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

    To diagnose thrombophlebitis, your health care provider will ask you about the discomfort you have had and then look for any affected veins near the surface of your skin.

    DIAGNOSTIC TESTS & PROCEDURES

    To determine whether you have superficial thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis, your health care provider may choose one of these tests:

    DOPPLER ULTRASOUND

    Ultrasound is performed by using a wand-like device (transducer) that is moved over the affected area of your leg sends sound waves into your leg. As the sound waves travel through your leg tissue and reflect back, a computer transforms the waves into a moving image on a video screen. A clot may be visible in the image.

    CT OR MRI SCANS

    Both computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide visual images of your veins and may show if a clot is present.

    VENOGRAPHY

    A dye (contrast agent) is injected into a large vein in your foot or ankle. An X-ray procedure creates an image of the veins in your legs and feet, to look for clots. This test is used less frequently today because less invasive studies can usually confirm the diagnosis.

    BLOOD TESTS

    Blood coagulation studies.

    Almost all people who develop acute thrombosis have an elevated blood level of a clot-dissolving substance called D dimer. However, D dimer is elevated in other conditions, too. So, although a test for D dimer is very sensitive, it is not very conclusive. Currently, it is most useful for ruling out deep vein thrombosis or for identifying people at risk of developing thrombophlebitis repeatedly.





    CONVENTIONAL TREATMENT OF THROMBOPHLEBITIS

    If thrombophlebitis occurs in a superficial vein, your health care provider may recommend self-care steps that include applying heat to the painful area, elevating the affected leg and using an over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The condition usually does not require hospitalization and improves within a week or two.

    Your health care provider may also recommend these treatments for thrombophlebitis, including deep vein thrombosis:

    MEDICATIONS

    Medications used in the treatment of thrombophlebitis include:

    ANTICOAGULANTS

    If you have deep vein thrombosis, injection of a blood-thinning (anticoagulant) medication, such as heparin, will prevent clots from enlarging. After the heparin treatment, taking the anticoagulant warfarin (Coumadin) for several months continues to prevent clots from enlarging. If your health care provider prescribes warfarin, follow the directions for taking the medication carefully. Warfarin is a powerful medication that can cause dangerous side effects if not taken properly.

    THROMBOLYTICS

    Thrombolysis is the breakdown (lysis) of blood clots by pharmacological means. It is colloquially referred to as "clot busting" for this reason. It works by stimulating fibrinolysis by plasmin through infusion of analogs of tissue plasminogen activator, the protein that normally activates plasmin.

    Thrombolysis requires the use of thrombolytic drugs, which are either derived from Streptomyces spp. or (more recently) the effect of recombinant technology, where human activators of plasminogen (e.g. tissue plasminogen activator, tPA) are manufactured by bacteria. Some commonly used thrombolytics are:
    • Streptokinase.
    • Urokinase.
    • Alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator or rtPA).
    • Reteplase.
    • Tenecteplase.

    Formation of blood clots lies at the basis of a number of serious diseases, such as myocardial infarction (heart attack), stroke (ischemic stroke), massive pulmonary embolism, acute limb ischemia. By breaking down the clot, the disease process can be arrested, or the complications reduced. While other anticoagulants (such as heparin) decrease the "growth" of a clot, thrombolytic agents actively reduce the size of the clot.

    All thrombolytic agents work by activating the enzyme plasminogen, which clears the cross-linked fibrin mesh (the backbone of a clot). This makes the clot soluble and subject to further proteolysis by other enzymes, and restores blood flow over occluded blood vessels. Apart from streptokinase, all thrombolytic drugs are administered together with heparin (unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin), usually for 24 to 48 hours. Thrombolysis is usually intravenous. It may also be used during an angiogram (intra-arterial thrombolysis), e.g. when patients present with stroke beyond three hours. In some settings, emergency medical technicians may administer thrombolysis for heart attacks in pre-hospital settings.

    Thrombolytics are contraindicated in bleeding disorders, active bleeding and when there has been recent surgery. Diabetic retinopathy is a relative contraindication, as is untreated high blood pressure. Warfarin treatment increases risk of bleeding and is a relative contraindication. Streptokinase is contraindicated in patients who have been previously treated with streptokinase, as there is a risk of anaphylaxis (life-threatening allergic reaction) due to the production of antibodies against the enzyme.

    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

    Analgesics (pain medications), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen may be given to reduce pain and inflammation.

    ANTIBIOTICS

    Antibiotics may be prescribed if infection is present.

    SUPPORT STOCKINGS

    Support Stockings help prevent recurrent swelling and reduce the chances of complications of deep vein thrombosis. Your health care provider may recommend prescription-strength support hose.

    FILTER IMPLANTATION

    In some instances, especially if you cannot take blood thinners, a filter may be inserted into the main vein in your abdomen (vena cava) to prevent clots that break loose in leg veins from lodging in your lungs. Typically, the filter remains implanted permanently. This procedure usually does not require you to stay in the hospital.

    VARICOSE VEIN STRIPPING

    Varicose vein stripping is a procedure in which your health care provider can surgically remove varicose veins that cause pain or recurrent thrombophlebitis in a procedure called varicose vein stripping. This procedure, typically done on an outpatient basis, involves removing a long vein through small incisions. Usually, you are able to resume normal activities in two weeks or less. Removing the vein will not affect circulation in your leg because veins deeper in the leg take care of the increased volumes of blood. This procedure is also commonly done for cosmetic reasons.

    CLOT REMOVAL OR BYPASS SURGERY

    Sometimes, surgery is necessary to remove a clot blocking a vein in your pelvis or abdomen. To treat a persistently blocked vein, your health care provider may recommend surgery to bypass the vein, or a non-surgical procedure called angioplasty to open up the vein. Once angioplasty has opened up the vein, your health care provider inserts a small wire mesh tube (stent) to keep the vein open.

    PROGNOSIS

    Thrombophlebitis and other forms of phlebitis usually respond to prompt medical treatment.





    SELF CARE RECOMMENDATIONS - LIFESTYLE & HOME REMEDIES

    In addition to medical treatments, there are some self-care measures you can take to help improve thrombophlebitis.

    If you have superficial thrombophlebitis:
    • Use a warm washcloth to apply heat to the involved area several times daily.
    • Elevate your leg.
    • Use a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or naproxen (Aleve, others), if recommended by your health care provider.

    If you have deep vein thrombosis:
    • Take prescription anticoagulant medications as directed to prevent complications.
    • Elevate your leg if it is swollen.
    • Wear your prescription support stockings daily.





    CONSIDERATIONS

  • To make a definitive diagnosis of DVT, a health care provider must rule out a number of other disorders, including cellulitis and occlusive arterial disease. One test commonly used to diagnose DVT is duplex ultrasound. In this procedure, a handheld ultrasonic device is passed over the affected area, and a picture of the blood flow is displayed on a computer screen. A less common test is venography, in which dye is injected into a vein to make blood flow visible on an x-ray. Duplex ultrasound, chest x-ray, and other tests can be used to diagnose pulmonary embolism, as required.

  • Treatment of thrombophlebitis primarily consists of using anticoagulant (blood thinning) medications. Blood thinners such as heparin and warfarin (Coumadin) do not dissolve clots that have already formed, but can prevent the formation of new clots. Aspirin also can be an effective anticoagulant for treating DVT. The usual recommended dosage is one 80 mg baby aspirin daily. More invasive treatments, such as the use of filters that can be inserted into the veins, and use of potent "clot buster" drugs, which can dissolve large clots quickly, are available for difficult or life-threatening situations.

  • DVT is a potentially serious problem, and hospitalization may be recommended. An anticoagulant such as heparin or warfarin (Coumadin) is usually given, both intravenously and orally. Surgery may be needed to tie off the affected vein to prevent the clot from traveling to the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary embolism. Recovery time varies, depending on the severity of the disease. Caution: Do not combine vitamin E and prescription blood thinning drugs.

  • Behcet's syndrome is a chronic multi-system disease distinguished by thrombophlebitis, plus arthritis, iritis, uveitis, and ulceration of the mouth and genitalia. This disease is found worldwide, but is most common in young men of eastern Mediterranean and eastern Asian descent.

  • RELATED DISORDER LINKS

    For more information about blood clotting related disorders, see:

    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Stroke
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Heart Attack
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Varicose Veins
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hemophilia
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Circulation Disorders
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Leg Ulcers





    THROMBOPHLEBITIS LIFESTYLE RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, raw nuts and seeds, soybean products, and whole grains.

  • Reduce your consumption of red meat. Better yet, eliminate it from your diet.

  • Do not consume any dairy products, fried or salty foods, or processed or partially hydrogenated vegetable oils.

  • Get regular moderate exercise. Walking, swimming, and other exercise improve circulation and prevent sluggishness in the veins, lessening the tendency to form clots.

  • Take alternating hot and cold sitz baths, or apply alternating hot and cold compresses using the herbs recommended below on this page.

  • MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Sitz Bath

  • Consult with your pharmacist about special elastic support stockings (anti-embolism stockings) to improve circulation. Some stockings are available from Amazon.com, these are only a selection. For more options, use the Amazon.com search box found further down on this page.





  • Elevate your legs above heart level for a minimum of 20 minutes at least once every day to alleviate symptoms. To improve the circulation in your legs, take several short breaks daily to elevate your legs above the level of your heart to get the maximum effect for 30 minutes each time. For example, lie down with your legs resting on three or four pillows. Elevate your legs as much as possible. If you can take half-hour breaks during the day to rest, do it. Elevate your feet in front of you while sitting down to read or watch television.

  • lifting your legs above your head


  • Lie on a padded slant board with your feet higher than your head for 15 minutes a day. This is particularly helpful if you stand on your feet a lot.

  • MannaHarvest: Slant Boards

  • Avoid doing heavy lifting and putting any unnecessary pressure on your legs.

  • Avoid alcohol, which can cause the veins in your legs to dilate.

  • If you smoke, stop. Smoking constricts blood vessels, resulting in poor circulation and weakened blood flow. This is particularly important if you are taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy.

  • MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Contraception Index: Information & Choices
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Menopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
    MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Smoking Cessation & Weight Gain
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Smoking Dependency

  • Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing that cuts off circulation, such as knee socks with tight bands and girdles.

  • If you experience a swollen, painful vein that does not get better within 2 weeks, talk to a health care professional.

  • If symptoms of pulmonary embolism develop, sit down at once and call for emergency help (if someone is with you, have that person make the call). Getting to an emergency room quickly is your best decision.

  • If you are confined to a bed, move your legs as much as possible to counteract pooling of blood in the veins.

  • MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Bed Rest Exercise

  • Clean your legs daily to remove germs that can cause infection.

  • Avoid using products that can dry your skin. Contact your health care provider if you notice any redness or swelling in the legs - these may be signs of infection.

  • If you develop leg ulcers, keep the ulcers clean and germ-free to prevent infection. Follow your health care provider's recommendations concerning proper care for your ulcers, and be forewarned that leg ulcers may take 3 months to a year to heal.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Leg Ulcers

  • Avoid wearing socks with tight elastic at the top, which constricts the veins. Choose stockings with wide bands at the top which reduce constriction of blood vessels or choose stockings specially made for people at risk for thrombophlebitis and embolism problems (see above support stockings).

  • When traveling, take the following preventive measures:
    • Do not sit inactive for an entire trip or flight. Get up, move around, stretch. Some airplanes are large enough to allow walking up one aisle and down the another. Some airlines, such as Qantas, offer leaflets suggesting leg exercises that passengers can do in their seats. If you are traveling by car, stop, get out, walk around and stretch every couple of hours.

    • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Dehydration causes the blood vessels to narrow and blood to thicken, increasing the risk of DVT.

    • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Dehydration

    • Avoid consuming alcohol and coffee, particularly on a long trip. Both contribute to dehydration.

    • Avoid sitting with your legs crossed for long periods of time.

  • In daily life, avoid standing for long periods of time. If you are sitting for long periods of time at work or at home, such as working on a computer, take periodic breaks and get up and move around. Avoid chairs that cut off circulation on the back of the legs while sitting.





  • HERBAL THERAPY RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Aloe Vera gel is a cooling and soothing topical treatment for varicose veins.

  • Bilberry supports the health of connective tissue, including that of the veins.

  • Butcher's Broom, Ginkgo Biloba, Gotu Kola and Hawthorn Berries improve circulation in the legs.

  • Cayenne (Capsaicin) helps to relieve pain and inflammation, and also expand blood vessels, reducing stress on the capillaries. It is available in capsule and cream forms.

  • Dandelion alleviates tissue swelling by reducing water retention.

  • Horse Chestnut makes a good treatment for the discomfort of varicose veins. Horse chestnut seed extract may be an effective treatment for chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), a condition associated with varicose veins in which leg veins have problems returning blood to the heart. The herb may help improve swelling and discomfort caused by varicose veins. Mix 1/2 teaspoon of horse chestnut powder with 2 cups of water, and moisten a sterile gauze cloth with the mixture. Rub the cloth gently over the affected area. This is soothing to inflamed veins. Witch Hazel can be used in the same way to reduce discomfort.

  • Horse Chestnut Cream is used as aa topical formula containing Horse Chestnut, Butcher's Broom, Witch Hazel, White Oak, and Myrrh. It can be used to reduce the appearance of varicose veins.

  • A Varicose Veins Wellness Oil should be massaged from the ankle up your legs for best results. Use daily and to see a difference in your veins. Shake before each use. Massage into skin 2 to 3 times per day where varicose veins have appeared. It can be added to a lotion for easier use. The oil contains Unrefined Grapeseed Oil and an essential oil blend of Cypress Essential Oil, Lemon Essential Oil, and Geranium Essential Oil.

  • Herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine that are helpful in alleviating symptoms include: Magnolia Flower (Magnolia Liliflora Flos/M. Denudata, also known as xho yi hua/xin yi hua), Scutellaria (Scutellaria Baicalensis, or huang qin; also known as Baikal Skullcap), Trichosanth (Trichosanthes Kirilowii), and Wild Angelica (Angelica Dahurica, or bai zhi). Note: I was unable to find any herbal resource under the Chinese herbal name Xho yi hua - only xin yi hua.

  • Bathing your legs or other affected area in White Oak bark herb tea 3 times a day helps to stimulate blood flow. Simmer (but do not boil) a strong tea and use the tea to make compresses. Apply the compresses to affected areas.

  • Other varicose vein products from Amazon.com are listed below. MoonDragon.org has no opinions as to the effectiveness of these products, but they are included here as a courtesy to our visitors. Keep in mind, not every product will work for every person. You may have to find one that works well for you. For more products, use the Amazon.com search box further down on this page.



  • HERBS FOR CIRCULATION PROBLEMS

  • Alfalfa, Pau D'Arco, Red Raspberry Leaf, Rosemary and Yarrow are antioxidant herbs that improve blood oxygenation.

  • Butcher's Broom improves circulation.

  • Cayenne (Capsicum) thins the blood, eases blood pressure, and improves circulation. It can be combined with Ginger, Plantain, and Witch Hazel in a poultice and applied directly to the affected area.

  • MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Applying A Poultice

  • Ginger, Skullcap, and Valerian root dilate the blood vessels and aid circulation.

  • Ginkgo Biloba improves circulation and brain function, and is a powerful antioxidant.

  • Goldenseal can be used to treat leg ulcers. Either make a Goldenseal tea (using water that has been sterilized by boiling prior to making the tea) or use alcohol-free Goldenseal extract. Use a piece of sterile gauze pad with a dropperful of extract or soaked in the tea and place it over the affected area.

  • Hawthorn dilates the blood vessels, lower cholesterol levels, and protects the heart.

  • hawthorn

    HAWTHORN


    Hawthorn is an effective herb for both high and low blood pressure because its powerful antioxidants protect blood vessels from damage while improving oxygen and blood delivery to the heart and the vessels. Simmer 1 to 2 tablespoons of hawthorn berries in 6 cups of water for 10 minutes. Add 3 tablespoons of hawthorn flowers and leaves; steep 10 minutes more. Strain. Drink 3 cups daily.


  • Olive Leaf extract aids in preventing infection.





  • NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

    Unless otherwise specified, the dosages recommended in this section are for adults. For a child between the ages of 12 and 17 years, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount.

    NUTRIENTS
    Supplement
    Suggested Dosage
    Comments

    Very Important
    Coenzyme Q-10
    100 mg daily. Improves tissue oxygenation. Increases circulation, and enhances immunity.

  • Coenzyme Q-10 Supplement Products
  • Coenzyme A
    As directed on label. Works with Coenzyme Q-10 to support the immune system's detoxification of many dangerous substances.

  • Coenzyme A Supplement Products
  • Dimethylglycine (DMG)
    50 mg 3 times daily. Improves oxygen utilization in the tissue.

  • DMG Supplement Products
  • Essential Fatty Acids
    As directed on label. Reduces pain and helps to keep blood vessels soft and pliable.

  • EFA Supplement Products
  • L-Glutathione
    As directed on label. Protects the heart, veins, and arteries from oxidant damage.

  • Glutathione Supplement Products
  • Pycnogenol
    Or
    Grapeseed Extract
    As directed on label. Stimulates blood circulation, boosts immunity, neutralizes free radicals, and strengthens connective tissue, including that of the cardiovascular system.

  • Pycnogenol Supplement Products
  • Grapeseed Herbal Products
  • Vitamin C
    Or
    Bioflavonoids
    3,000 to 6,000 mg daily. Aids circulation by reducing blood clotting tendencies.

  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoid Complex
    100 mg daily. To promote healing and prevent bruising.

  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Rutin
    50 mg 3 times daily. A potent non-citrus bioflavonoid that helps maintain the strength of blood vessels.

  • Rutin Supplement Products

  • Important
    Garlic (Kyolic)
    2 tablets 3 times daily, with meals. Enhances immune function.

  • Garlic Herbal Products
  • Vitamin E
    Start with 200 to 400 IU daily and increase slowly to 1,000 IU daily. If you have a clotting disorder or high blood pressure, start with 100 IU and increase slowly to 400 IU daily. Consult your health care provider if you are taking anticoagulant medication. Improves circulation and aids in preventing heavy feeling in the legs. Use d-alpha-tocopherol form. Emulsion form is recommended for easier assimilation and greater safety at higher doses.

  • Vitamin E Supplement Products

  • Helpful
    Colon Cleanse
    As directed on label. Take separately from other supplements and medications. Keeping the colon clean and working properly is important.

  • Colon Cleanse Supplement Products
  • Brewers Yeast
    As directed on label. Contains needed protein and B vitamins.

  • Brewers Yeast Supplement Products
  • Lecithin
    Granules: 1 Tablespoon 3 times daily.

    Capsules: 1,200 mg 3 times daily, before meals.
    Fat emulsifier that aids circulation.

  • Lecithin Supplement Products
  • Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM)
    As directed on label. Relieves pain and inflammation.

  • MSM Supplement Products
  • Multivitamin
    And
    Multimineral Complex
    As directed on label. All nutrients are needed in balance for healing and tissue repair.

  • Multivitamin Supplement Products
  • Multimineral Supplement Products
  • Vitamin A
    10,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. To enhance immunity, protect the cells, and slow the ageing process.

  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • Beta Carotene
    & Carotene Complex
    As directed on label. An antioxidant and precursor of vitamin A. Needed by all cells for repair and rebuilding.

  • Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-Complex
    50 to 100 mg of each major B vitamin 3 times daily, with meals (amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary). B vitamins are needed to help in digestion of foods. Speeds healing time and aids all bodily functions. B vitamins work best when taken together. Sublingual forms are best for all the B vitamins.

  • Vitamin B-Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-6
    (Pyridoxine)
    50 mg daily. B vitamins are needed to help in digestion of foods. Speeds healing time and aids all bodily funtions. Deficiency has been linked to heart disease. Extremely important for formation of red blood cells and neurotransmitters.

  • Vitamin B-6 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-12
    300 to 1,000 mcg twice daily. B vitamins are needed to help in digestion of foods. Speeds healing time and aids all bodily functions. To prevent anemia. Use a lozenge or sublingual form.

  • Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin D-3
    1,000 IU daily, at bedtime. Vitamin D combined with Calcium & Magnesium helps to relieve leg cramps.

  • Vitamin D Supplement Products
  • Calcium
    1,500 mg daily, at bedtime. Vitamin D combined with Calcium & Magnesium helps to relieve leg cramps.

  • Calcium Supplement Products
  • Magnesium
    750 mg daily, at bedtime. Vitamin D combined with Calcium & Magnesium helps to relieve leg cramps. A natural blood thinner that reduces abnormal cloting. Vital for a healthy heart. Connected to over 300 enzyme actions controlling glucose, proteins, and fats. Works with calcium.

  • Magnesium Supplement Products
  • Zinc
    80 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Aids in healing and boosts immune function. Needed to maintain proper concentration of vitamin E in the body. Use Zinc Gluconate lozenges or OptiZinc for best absorption..

  • Zinc Supplement Products
  • Copper
    3 mg daily. Needed to balance with zinc. A deficiency may be linked to some heart problems.

  • Zinc Supplement Products





  • NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER

    Self-care, such as exercise, elevating your legs or wearing compression stockings, can help you ease the pain of varicose veins and may prevent them from getting worse. But if you are concerned about how your veins look and feel and self-care measures have not stopped your condition from getting worse, see your health care provider.
    If a person has varicose veins, any of the following warrant a visit to a health care provider:
    • Inflammation, discoloration, or ulceration of the skin or swelling of the calf or leg is more typical of problems related to the deeper veins, especially a blood clot.

    • Unexplained pain or swelling in a leg particularly suggests a blood clot. Varicose veins by themselves do not usually cause a leg to swell.

    • Varicose veins alone are relatively harmless, but every now and then they can cause minor problems.

    • If the skin overlying the vein is thin or irritated, minor trauma from a bump or even shaving can tear the vein and cause bleeding. In this case, elevating the leg and applying pressure for several minutes should be enough to stop the bleeding. If it does not, you may need to visit your hospital emergency department.

    • If, at any time, you feel chest pain or have trouble breathing, this may indicate the presence of a blood clot in the blood vessels of the heart or lungs. You should go to a hospital emergency department immediately.

    • Having varicose veins does not necessarily mean you will eventually have a blood clot or that a blood clot somehow caused them. In rare instances, however, a clot increases pressure in the veins by blocking blood flow. This elevated pressure will cause backward flow of blood through weakened valves, creating varicose veins. For this reason, you should see your health care provider if your leg is swollen or if you experience worsening pain in the leg, or if you should suddenly develop varicose veins and you do not have any of the common risk factors such as pregnancy.





    RELATED LINKS

    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Stroke
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Circulatory Problems
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Heart Attack
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Leg Ulcers
    MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Stress Reduction Links
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Stress
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hypertension
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Diabetes
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Gestational Diabetes Diet
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Hypoglycemic Diet
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cardiovascular Disease
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: High Cholesterol
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Atherosclerosis & Arteriosclerosis
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Diabetes
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Cholesterol & Fat Restricted Diet
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Cholesterol & Sodium Restricted Diet
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Smoking Dependency
    MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Smoking Cessation & Weight Gain
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Alcoholism & Alcohol Abuse
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Alcoholism
    MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Exercise
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information & Guidelines Index
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Obesity
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Thrombophlebitis
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Weight Control Diet
    MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Weight Loss Diet
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Contraception Index: Information & Choices
    MoonDragon's Women's Health Information: Menopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Vaccinations





    VARICOSE VEINS & HEMORRHOID PRODUCTS

  • Blood Circulation Products
  • Circulation Supplement Products

  • Hemorrhoid Relief Products
  • Varicose Veins Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS



    BLOOD CIRCULATION SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Blood Circulator is time-honored formula is used in Chinese medicine to promote micro-circulation, increase blood flow to heart muscles, open and clear arteries, inhibit intestinal adhesion, soothe the liver, remove stasis and maintain healthy blood circulation and regular menses. Other Blood Circulation formulas are included.

    CHINESE HERBS DIRECT PRODUCTS

    Chinese Herbs Direct: Blood Circulator (Jingui Huayu), Balanceuticals, 60 Caps
    Made of medicinal rhubarb, prepared rehmannia root, common peony root, peach seed, bitter apricot seed, licorice root, scute, dun fly, gadfly, leech, June beetle grub, dried lacquer and ground beetle. Chinese medicine uses this time-honored formula to promote micro-circulation, increase blood flow to heart muscles, maintain health of heart and arteries, inhibit intestinal adhesion, soothe the liver, remove stasis and maintain healthy blood circulation and regular menses. Not for use by pregnant women. As a dietary supplement, take 3 to 5 capsules 3 times daily.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Blood Circulation Formula, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 425 mg, 100 VCaps
    A dietary supplement proprietary blend of Cayenne Pepper (40 MHU), Parsley Root, Organic Ginger Root, Wildcrafted Goldenseal Root, Organic Eleuthero Root, & Organic Garlic Bulb. Serving size is 2 capsules (950 mg).
    HerbsPro: Warming Circulation Tonic, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz.
    A liquid herbal supplement that helps support healthy blood circulation. Contains extracts of Ginkgo Biloba leaf, Eleuthero root, Rosemary Leaf, Ginger root, Prickly Ash bark, Cayenne Pepper in certified organic grain alcohol, distilled water and vegetable glycerine. Take 25 to 40 drops in a little water two to four times daily.
    HerbsPro: Blood Circulation Extract, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 2 fl. oz.
    A proprietary blend dietary supplement of Eleuthero Root, Garlic, Ginger Root, Goldenseal Root and Parsley Root in a base of pure vegetable glycerine and distilled water. Alcohol free. Take 5 to 15 drops prior to each meal or as directed by your health care provider.
    HerbsPro: Warming Circulation Tonic, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz.
    A liquid herbal supplement that helps support healthy blood circulation. Contains extracts of Ginkgo Biloba leaf, Eleuthero root, Rosemary Leaf, Ginger root, Prickly Ash bark, Cayenne Pepper in certified organic grain alcohol, distilled water and vegetable glycerine. Take 25 to 40 drops in a little water two to four times daily.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Blood Circulation Formula, Dr. Christophers, 465 mg, 100 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Blood Tonifier & Circulation Herb Tea, Health King Medicinal Teas, 20 Tea Bags: HF
    Improved formula Blood tonic and blood circulator 100 % natural Blood Tonifier and Circulator Herb Tea Blood Tonifier and Circulator Herb Tea is made of wild carthemus, white peony root, woolly grass with a few other precious herbs. They provide carthamin, paeoniflorin, majoroside, asparagine, cylindrin, etc. Chinese medicine uses them to tonify the blood and facilitate blood circulation and defense.


  • Nutrition Basics: Heart-Cardio Supplement Information



  • CIRCULATION SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Circulation Patch-It, 20 Count
    Healthy circulation is the basis for maintaining health and benefits include supporting recovery from injuries, faster recovery times after heavy bouts of exercise or as part of a health maintenance program for those who may be bedridden or wheelchair bound.
    HerbsPro: Circulation Factors, Country Life, 50 Tabs
    A comprehensive herbal supplement to aid circulation.
    HerbsPro: Circulation Support, Dr, Venessa's Formulas, 60 TabsDietary supplement for healthy circulationa and vascular support.
    HerbsPro: Celery Seed Extract Circulation Formula, Now Foods, 60 Vcaps
    Circulatory Support plus Horse Chestnut and Hawthorn extracts.
    HerbsPro: Blood Circulation Formula, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 425 mg, 100 VCaps
    A dietary supplement proprietary blend of Cayenne Pepper (40 MHU), Parsley Root, Organic Ginger Root, Wildcrafted Goldenseal Root, Organic Eleuthero Root, & Organic Garlic Bulb. Serving size is 2 capsules (950 mg).
    HerbsPro: Circulation Plus, Arizona Natural Products, 500 mg, 180 Caps
    Circulation Formula with Allirich Odorless Garlic Powder, Soya Lecithin, Onion, Siberian Ginseng, Cayenne, Hawthorn Berry, and Ginkgo Biloba.
    HerbsPro: Warming Circulation Tonic, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz.
    A liquid herbal supplement that helps support healthy blood circulation. Contains extracts of Ginkgo Biloba leaf, Eleuthero root, Rosemary Leaf, Ginger root, Prickly Ash bark, Cayenne Pepper in certified organic grain alcohol, distilled water and vegetable glycerine. Take 25 to 40 drops in a little water two to four times daily.
    HerbsPro: Blood Circulation Extract, Dr. Christophers Formulas, 2 fl. oz.
    A proprietary blend dietary supplement of Eleuthero Root, Garlic, Ginger Root, Goldenseal Root and Parsley Root in a base of pure vegetable glycerine and distilled water. Alcohol free. Take 5 to 15 drops prior to each meal or as directed by your health care provider.
    HerbsPro: Warming Circulation Tonic, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz.
    A liquid herbal supplement that helps support healthy blood circulation. Contains extracts of Ginkgo Biloba leaf, Eleuthero root, Rosemary Leaf, Ginger root, Prickly Ash bark, Cayenne Pepper in certified organic grain alcohol, distilled water and vegetable glycerine. Take 25 to 40 drops in a little water two to four times daily.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Blood Circulation Formula, Dr. Christophers, 465 mg, 100 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Circulation Supplement, Starwest Botanicals, 500 mg, 100 VCaps: C
    Kalyx: Circulation Supplement, Starwest Botanicals, 500 mg, 500 VCaps: C
    Kalyx: Blood Tonifier & Circulation Herb Tea, Health King Medicinal Teas, 20 Tea Bags: HF
    Improved formula Blood tonic and blood circulator 100 % natural Blood Tonifier and Circulator Herb Tea Blood Tonifier and Circulator Herb Tea is made of wild carthemus, white peony root, woolly grass with a few other precious herbs. They provide carthamin, paeoniflorin, majoroside, asparagine, cylindrin, etc. Chinese medicine uses them to tonify the blood and facilitate blood circulation and defense.
    Kalyx: Circulation Certified Organic Liquid Herbal Extract Formula, Starwest Botanicals, 1 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Circulation Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Circulation Non-Alcoholic Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Circulation Certified Organic Liquid Herbal Extract Formula, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Circulation Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Circulation Non-Alcoholic Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH


  • Nutrition Basics: Heart-Cardio Supplement Information



  • HEMORRHOID RELIEF PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Preparation H With Witch Hazel Hemorroidal Wipes, Flushable, Preparation H, 10 Each (102967)
    HerbsPro: Witch Hazel Oil Controlling Towelettes, Original Formula, Dickinsons, 20 Count (99862)
    HerbsPro: Hazelet Witch Hazel Pads, Dickinson Brands, 60 Count (72146)
    HerbsPro: Witch Hazel Pads, Thayers, 60 Pads (19253)
    HerbsPro: Witch Hazel Pads, Humphreys Homeopathic Remedies, 60 Pads (86799)
    HerbsPro: Witch Hazel Hemorrhoidal Pads, Dickinson Brands, 100 Count (72148)
    HerbsPro: Anesthetic Cream For Hemorrhoids, Tronolane, 1 oz. (97987)
    HerbsPro: Anesthetic Cream For Hemorrhoids, Tronolane, 2 oz. (97988)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoid Relief, Liddell Labs, 1 oz. (108760)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoid Relief, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 oz. (49867)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoid Control OG1, Forces of Nature, 11 ml (93252)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoid Control Extra Strength OG2, Forces of Naturem 11 ml (93253)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoid, Heel Inc, 100 Tabs (71393)
    HerbsPro: Hemorrhoids, Hylands, 100 Tabs (15798)


  • Nutrition Basics: Witch Hazel Herbal Information



  • VARICOSE VEINS RELIEF PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Varicose Veins, Homeopathic Liquid Extract, Liddell Laboratories, 1 oz.
    HerbsPro: Venaforce, 30 Tabs
    Cruelty Free. Minimizes Appearance of Varicose and Spider Veins on the Legs. No Artificial Colorings. No Artificial Ingredients. No Preservatives. Pioneer in Natural Health Since 1923. Swiss GMP Standards.
    HerbsPro: Venaforce Gel, Organic, 3.5 oz.
    Cruelty Free. Minimizes Appearance of Varicose and Spider Veins on the Legs. No Artificial Colorings. No Artificial Ingredients. No Preservatives. Pioneer in Natural Health Since 1923. Swiss GMP Standards.
    HerbsPro: Varicose Veins Lotion, Reviva, 8 oz.
    Apply each morning on the Varicose Veins, massage in lightly. For best results use regularly. Rutin & Citrus Bioflavonoids for all skin types.
    HerbsPro: Witch Hazel Astringent, Organic, Humphreys Homeopathic Remedies, 8 fl. oz.
    Humphrey's Witch Hazel Astringent - Witch hazel leaf has been used for minor injuries of the skin, swelling (inflammation) of the skin and mucous membranes (e.g., lips), hemorrhoids, varicose veins, small bruises, light cuts, insect bites and muscular pains.
    HerbsPro: Extraordinary Beauty Lovely Legs, 30 Caps
    Clinical Strength 95% Diosmin. Healthy Veins and Legs. Natural Antioxidant Formula. Reduces Occasional Swelling in Ankles and Legs . Reduces Visible Signs of Varicose and Spider Veins. Whole Food Dietary Supplement.
    HerbsPro: Futuro Casual Socks Medium, Black 1 Each
    Great For Travel. Cushioned Comfort To Keep You Moving All Day. Soothes Symptoms of Mild Varicose Veins, Swelling and Tired, Aching Legs.
    HerbsPro: Futuro Energizing Ultra Sheer Pantyhose For Women, Brief Cut Lace Panty Mild Plus, Nude, Each
    Step Lively with Style and Energizing Support. Soothes Symptoms of Mild Varicose Veins, Swelling Tried, Aching Legs*. Brief Cut Lace panty.
    HerbsPro: Futuro Revitalizing Dress Socks for Men, 1 Each
    Stay on Your Feet on Top of Your day with Revitalizing Support. Soothes Symptoms of Mild Varicose Veins, Swelling Tried, Aching Legs.
    HerbsPro: Futuro Casual Socks Large, Black, 1 Each
    Great For Travel. Cushioned Comfort To Keep You Moving All Day. Soothes Symptoms of Mild Varicose Veins, Swelling and Tired, Aching Legs.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Non-Alcoholic Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Extract, Health & Herbs, 2 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Non-Alcoholic Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Extract, Health & Herbs, 8 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Non-Alcoholic Extract, Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Extract, Health & Herbs, 16 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Varicose Veins (Internal) Extract, Health & Herbs, 32 fl oz: HH
    Kalyx: Natural Care Ultra Vein-Gard, 60 Caps: HF
    Natural Care Ultra Vein-Gard used for Spider and Varicose Veins fast with noticeable results. Helps relieve symptoms that can be associated with spider veins, bulging, bluish, lumpy varicose veins, aching, sore and swollen feet and legs, burning, stinging, itching and crawling sensations, vein inflammation, Phlebitis (inflammation of veins, usually legs), Ecchymosis (ruptured blood vessels). Vein-Gard capsules contain the highest quality multi-potency homeopathic ingredients. Includes powerful, safe remedies made from natural herbs and minerals. Free Of Synthetic drugs, artificial colors, preservatives, or hydrocarbons.
    Kalyx: Forces of Nature Organic Varicose Vein Control, 33 ml: HF
    Natural Remedy for Varicose Veins. This treatment is indeed revolutionary: The world's first and only varicose vein treatment which is registered to treat and heal varicose veins and is USDA certified organic! Topical treatment delivers rapid results Shrinks and heals varicose veins Penetrates deep into skin tissue Helps balance skin tone For both immediate and long term results This treatment's effectiveness is supported through science, its purity and safety established from its organic certification. This product comes with our one year money back guarantee. This is a proprietary formula developed by Forces of Nature's Naturopathic Doctor and Biologist specializing in plant medicine. This remedy is very powerful and delivers a wide spectrum of action to treat and heal varicose veins. It is designed to provide both immediate and long term results. This is truly a breakthrough in the treatment of varicose veins as it is the only medicine available to treat varicose veins which has been issued the coveted USDA organic certification; it is truly one of a kind. All ingredients and medicines in the product have been verified to be free of pesticides and toxins and indeed certified organic as claimed. Product is to be applied topically to varicose veins and gently rubbed into the skin. A key benefit is that it is two treatments in one. Certified Organic homeopathic medicines noted in the US homeopathic pharmacopeia to remedy venous congestion are blended with Certified Organic botanicals which are extremely soothing and healing. The added botanicals further expand and support the action of the homeopathics. Results are backed by our one-year, money-back guarantee. Homeopathic Hamamelis Virgiana, Aesculus Hippocastanum, and Carduus Marianus have been generously blended into Varicose Vein Control. These are particularly useful to treat venous congestion acute inflammation, and varicose veins. They stimulate the system to ease twisted or enlarged venous tissue thereby reversing the condition. The reduction in venous congestion will also relieve any pain or discomfort suffered from the condition. This product can be used to treat and eliminate recently diagnosed as well as chronic cases of varicose veins.
    Kalyx: Natural Care Vein-Gard Cream, 2.25 oz: HF
    Natural Care Vein-Gard Cream is a Leg Therapy Cream for Fast, Noticeable Results. Helps relieve symptoms that can be associated with spider veins, bulging, bluish, lumpy varicose veins; aching, sore and swollen feet and legs, burning, stinging, itching, and crawling sensations, vein inflammation, Phlebitis (inflammation of veins, usually in legs), Ecchymosis (ruptured blood vessels). Vein-Gard works by strengthening and toning blood vessels, relieving inflammation, and inhibiting vein swelling, enabling them to function properly. You should see noticeable improvement in the appearance of your spider and varicose veins in just a few weeks. The amount of time it takes to see satisfactory results may vary depending on the severity of the condition, your skin's thickness and skin type. You may need to use Vein-Gard for 3 to 6 months for best results, but it should provide remarkable improvement with continued use. Free Of Artificial colors, preservatives, fragrance, or hydrocarbons.
    Kalyx: Venaforce, Soothing Leg Gel, A Vogel, 3.5 fl oz: HF
    A Vogel Venaforce is a soothing Horse Chestnut Leg Gel. Swiss Product. Venaforce Gel, made with fresh Horse Chestnut Seeds (standardized to 2% Aescin), covers and helps improve the appearance of broken capillaries, varicose veins and spider veins. This modern gel is designed to complement Venaforce tablets. Venaforce tablets help maintain the healthy integrity of the veins of the legs, promoting normal circulation, which supports the well being of the legs (so legs feel less tired, less heavy). Venaforce Gel and tablets are the result of years of research. Our fresh herb extraction guarantees the full spectrum of active ingredients. Free Of Artificial ingredients, colorings, and preservatives.
    Kalyx: Varicose Vein Lotion, Reviva, 8 fl. oz.: K
    For All Skin Types. Aids Circulation, Helps Strengthen Veins and Diminish Vein Appearance. Lightly massaging legs daily with their Varicose Veins Lotion not only aids circulation, but can also strengthen vein walls to help prevent problems as well as diminish appearance of existing varicose veins. With vitamin P (rutin and an exclusive blend of citrus bioflavonoids featuring hesperidin), plus horse chestnut, grapeseed extract and more. It is Reviva Lab's solution to this very complex skin problem.
    Kalyx: Reviva Labs Varicose and Deeper Spider Veins Lotion, 8 fl oz: HF
    Reviva Labs Varicose and Deeper Spider Veins Lotion Description: For All Skin Types. Aids Circulation, Helps Strengthen Veins and Diminish Vein Appearance. Lightly massaging legs daily with their Varicose Veins Lotion not only aids circulation, but can also strengthen vein walls to help prevent problems as well as diminish appearance of existing varicose veins. With vitamin P (rutin and an exclusive blend of citrus bioflavonoids featuring hesperidin), plus horse chestnut, grapeseed extract and more. It is Reviva Lab's solution to this very complex skin problem. Free Of Animal ingredients and animal testing.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Varicose Veins Products
    Amazon: Compression Socks Varicose Veins Products
    Amazon: Varicose Veins Creams Products
    Amazon: Varicose Veins Herbal Supplement Products






    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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