Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Strictly speaking, hysterectomy means removal of the uterus. Not the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Just the uterus. When the ovaries and tubes also are removed in the course of surgery, the procedure is properly described as a hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy.
TYPES OF HYSTERECTOMY
There are three different ways in which hysterectomy may be performed:
- Total Hysterectomy: In this procedure, the cervix is removed along with the uterus.
- Partial Hysterectomy: In partial hysterectomy, the uterus is removed but the cervix and other female reproductive organs remain intact (such as ovaries and fallopian tubes).
- Pan Hysterectomy: In this, the most extensive form of hysterectomy, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus are removed.
THE THREE APPROACHES TO HYSTERECTOMY
1) Abdominal Hysterectomy: Abdominal hysterectomy is the most common surgical approach to hysterectomy, and is done through an incision in the abdomen. The main reason why hysterectomy is such simple surgery is that, internally, all women are built the same way. In every women body the uterus is supported by the same ligaments and served by the same blood supply. Hysterectomy involves detaching the uterus from the ligaments that support it and the blood vessels that supply it.
COMPLICATIONS: If the surgeon does their job carefully and meticulously, few women should suffer complications of hysterectomy. But there are several pitfalls. These include adhesions; injury to the bowel, bladder, or ureter; postoperative bleeding, and wound dehiscence (the parting of the layers of a surgical wound).
2) Vaginal Hysterectomy: About 20 percent of all hysterectomies are vaginal procedures. Instead of opening the abdomen, the surgeon approaches the uterus through the vagina, detaches it, and pulls it out. Vaginal hysterectomy usually is reserved for women with uterine prolapse-a uterus that has lost its muscular supports and began to sag.
COMPLICATIONS: Although vaginal hysterectomies are generally regarded as less dangerous than abdominal hysterectomies, they present their own set of risks and complications, including fever and infection, bladder injury, and adhesions.
3) Laparoscopic-assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy: This new approach to hysterectomy involves the use of a viewing device called a laparoscope. The illustration shows how the laparoscope is inserted via a tiny abdominal incision near the belly button. Other surgical instruments are inserted through similarly small incisions. The big advantage of laparoscopic surgery of any type is that a small incision means a shorter hospital stay - only one or two days - less pain, and more rapid recuperation.
Because laparoscopic surgery involves so much less physical strain than conventional surgery, it has become very popular. Unfortunately, however, not all surgeons are as proficient as they should be before attempting the procedure. Some are operating on patients with no more training than merely having watched a film on laparoscopic surgery. This is a scary situation.
COMPLICATIONS: While laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy is so new that we have no meaningful statistics on the rate of complications, there is no reason to believe that the complications would be any different from those that occur with other types of hysterectomy. The greatest threat is posed by inexperienced physicians who attempt the procedure without adequate training. The concern is that the availability of the procedure will lead to an increased number of unnecessary or unjustified hysterectomies. Can it be too long before we start to hear that women are being urged to have hysterectomies during their lunch hour?
A hysterectomy is done for many different reasons. A common reason is fibroid tumors; benign growths of the uterus that can cause problems. Over 30 percent of the hysterectomies performed in the United States are done to remove fibroids. Other conditions for which hysterectomy is performed include endometriosis (20 percent) and prolapse of the uterus (16 to 18 percent).
Many women who have hysterectomies experience significant problems as a result of their surgical removal of their reproductive organs. The most obvious of these occurs when the ovaries are removed together with the uterus; menopause begins abruptly, with its attendant difficulties and discomforts, because the body is suddenly deprived of estrogen. This hormonal loss in turn can lead to a greatly increased risk of bone mass loss, which often precedes osteoporosis, and to an increased likelihood of heart disease, as well as depression, urinary tract problems, joint pain, headaches, dizziness, insomnia, and fatigue.
Even women who retain their ovaries often experience a drastic reduction in estrogen production, and menopause comes earlier - sometimes years earlier - than it would have naturally. This is believed to be because the supply of blood to the ovaries is disrupted and decreased by removal of the uterus. Over half of women who have ovary-sparing "partial" hysterectomies experience early menopause.
Another problem common among women who have undergone hysterectomy is diminished sexual interest and desire after surgery. Research indicates that one-third of all women who have hysterectomies find their sexual desire and enjoyment greatly diminished. Removal of the ovaries may result in loss of sexuality because they secrete about half of the woman's supply of androgens, hormones that are responsible for sex drive in both men and women. However, diminished sexuality may occur whether or not the ovaries are removed. In Finland, studies have shown that the removal of the cervix in hysterectomy also results in diminished capacity for orgasm. Hormone replacement therapy can alleviate this problem.
Not all problems that can follow hysterectomy are directly hormone-related. Some women experience depression because the knowledge that once the uterus is gone, it is too late to change one's mind about having children. Also, no surgical procedure is entirely 100 percent safe, foolproof, or guaranteed. There is a 50 percent chance of at least one minor postoperative complication (usually from bleeding, or wound trouble). It is estimated that 1 woman in 1,000 who has a hysterectomy will die as a result of complications, and 10 percent of the women who have surgery will require a blood transfusion, an unsettling prospect in this age of AIDS and other blood-borne pathogens. If there is a possibility that you may require surgery, you should talk with your health care provider about donating your own blood for use during the operation.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
The symptoms that lead women to consider hysterectomy are varied but include the following:
- A constant heavy, bloated feeling.
- Urinary tract problems or incontinence.
- Unusually long and heavy menstrual periods with excessive bleeding.
- Painful menstrual periods.
- Unusual swelling in the abdominal region (due to fibroid tumors).
- Infertility problems (due to fibroid tumors or endometriosis).
- Intolerance to the drug therapy usually prescribed for endometriosis.
- Uterine, bladder, rectum, and/or vaginal vault prolapse.
- Uterine, cervical, ovarian cancer.
- Ovarian cysts.
Symptoms after hysterectomy are varied and extensive. This link has an extensive list of hysterectomy-related problems and symptoms:
HersFoundation: Hysterectomy - Adverse Effects Data
IS A HYSTERECTOMY REALLY NECESSARY?
Many people question why over 650,000 hysterectomies are performed in the United States each year. Very few of these operations are performed because of a life-threatening situation, and it is likely that many of them are actually unnecessary. Per capita, half as many hysterectomies are performed in Great Britain as in the United States, and American women show no health benefits for their higher incidence of surgery. Outside the United States, very few hysterectomies are performed for what health care providers often term "quality of life" reasons. Hysterectomy effectively and permanently causes sterility, and this may be a motive (conscious or subconscious) for some women and/or their health care providers. Financial motives cannot be overlooked entirely, either. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services statistics show that far few hysterectomies are performed under managed care plans, in which health care providers receive a set fee for their services each year, than when surgeons are compensated directly for each operation performed.
HersFoundation: Hysterectomy Facts
Healing the Pelvic Floor: Saving the Whole Woman
Hysterectomy Awareness: Misinformed Consent
Hysterectomy - Treatment & Information
Women over 40 who have hysterectomies performed often have their ovaries removed as well, supposedly as a precaution against the later development of ovarian cancer. However, many health care professionals question the logic of doing this; ovarian cancer is relatively rare.
Estrogen replacement therapy is often recommended following a hysterectomy. For some women, it is, unfortunately, unavoidable, because of severe post-hysterectomy symptoms. Not all women can tolerate estrogen replacement. Many health care providers believe that synthetic estrogens are potentially dangerous because they are strongly linked to breast cancer and cardiovascular disease. See Menopause-Related Problems for more information about Hormone Replacement Therapy. Natural estrogens, on the other hand, are safe and effective. Natural estrogen promoters include:
- Black Cohosh.
- Dong Quai.
- Primrose (Evening Primrose) Oil.
- Red Clover.
- Wild Yam.
Here are helpful links about herbs and dosages for menopause, menopausal symptoms, and hormone replacement therapy alternatives and holistic practitioners:
Herbal Medicine: Most Useful Herbs for Menopause, Menopause Symptoms, HRT
The American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP)
Menopause Online: Helpful Herbal Remedies
Susun Weed's: Herbal Solutions For Hormone Use During Menopause
A hysterectomy usually requires four or five days in the hospital followed by approximately 6 weeks at-home recuperation. Recovery can be more painful if the surgeon makes a vertical incision as opposed to a horizontal one. In addition, the scar that results from a vertical incision acts as a lifelong reminder of the surgery (a horizontal incision can be hidden below the pubic hairline).
Evidence is mounting that there is a higher incidence of cardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's disease among women who have undergone hysterectomies.
Some health care providers advocate performing hysterectomies on women with fibroid tumors because they say that the fibroids block access to the ovaries during pelvic exams, which might delay a possible diagnosis of ovarian cancer. This position is no longer valid, however, because technology allows the use of ultrasound technology to examine the ovaries for any abnormality. If fibroid tumors need to be removed, a myomectomy should be considered and opted for if at all possible. See Uterine Fibroids for more information.
There are instances in which hysterectomy proves advantageous. Some women manage to avoid the major hormonal changes that are so common after surgery, and in addition to no longer being bothered with monthly menses, they may feel liberated because they no longer need to fear becoming pregnant and have more fulfilling sex lives as a result. However, these women may be considered in the minority.
While over half of the women who have their ovaries left in place still experience drastic estrogen loss, this is not always permanent. A vitamin and mineral supplement regimen can reduce the risk of severe estrogen deprivation. Remember the natural estrogen promoters.
If you do require hormone replacement therapy to control symptoms after a hysterectomy, take the lowest dose possible. Ask your health care provider for a combined hormone containing estrogen and progesterone to help reduce the risk of cancer.
If you are pondering a hysterectomy, give the matter close and careful consideration. Seek wise counsel and second (and even third) opinions before making your decision. Check into alternative treatments. Remember, once the operation has been performed, it is impossible to restore the uterus if you find the symptoms unacceptable or unbearable. The results of a hysterectomy are irreversible.
Dr. Betty Kamen, an expert in women's health problems, says that progesterone, not estrogen, should be the hormone of choice for replacement therapy. See her website at www.bettykamen.com and Power Surge Interview With Betty Kamen for more indepth information about her research on hormone replacement therapy.
MoonDragon's Menopause Related Problems
MoonDragon's ObGyn Procedures: Hysterectomy, Abdominal (Salpingo-Oophorectomy)
MoonDragon's ObGyn Procedures: Hysterectomy, Vaginal With Bladder/Rectal Repair
MoonDragon's ObGyn Procedures: Hysterectomy, Vaginal With Removal of Tubes & Ovaries/ Bladder/ Rectal Repair
MoonDragon's Preparing For & Recovering From Surgery
Adopt a hypoglycemic diet; eat plenty of foods that are high in fiber, such as vegetables, whole grains, and high-fiber fruits, plus fish, skinless white turkey or chicken breast, soy products, and low-fat yogurt, kefir, and cottage cheese for protein. Eat starchy foods in moderation only. Do not consume any refined sugar, white flour, alcohol, processed foods, saturated fats, or foods containing artificial colors, preservatives, or other additives. Eat 6 to 8 small meals spaced regularly throughout the day, rather than 2 or 3 larger meals. See Hypoglycemia for more information and Hypoglycemic Diet for additional suggestions.
Avoid caffeine, colas, dairy products (except for low-fat soured products), processed foods, red meat, and sugar.
Use vitamin E to help prevent incisional scarring and relieve itching and discomfort in the area surrounding the stitches. Open a vitamin E capsule and apply the oil along the incision (but not on the stitches themselves).
Herbs that act as natural estrogen promoters include Anise, Dong Quai, Fennel, Fenugreek, Licorice, Red Clover, Sage, Suma, and Wild Yam. Caution: Do not use sage if you have any kind of seizure disorder.
The following herbs may alleviate symptoms of ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids:
- Black Cohosh..
- Black Haw.
- Blue Cohosh.
- Dandelion Root.
- Lady's Mantle (Yarrow).
- Milk Thistle.
- Pau D'Arco.
St. John's Wort is helpful for depression.
HERBAL & ALTERNATIVE THERAPY LINKS
Power Surge Interview With Betty Kamen on Hysterectomy & Hormone Replacement Therapy
Menopause Online: Treatments
Holistic Online: HRT, Natural Alternatives
Susun Weed's: Herbal Solutions For Hormone Use During Menopause
The Use of Chinese Herbs & Other Natural Modalities as Alternatives to HRT
Susun Weed's: The Yoga of Menopause - Alternatives to Hormone Therapy
BOOKS - RECOMMENDED READING
Hormone Replacement Therapy - Yes or No
-- By Betty Kamen
New Menopausal Years: The Wise Woman Way Alternative Approaches for Women 30-90
-- By Susun Weed
Wise Woman Herbal: Healing Wise
-- By Susun Weed
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
The following nutrients are can help to counteract the unpleasant side effects of hysterectomy. The dosages given are for adults.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments Very Important Boron 3 mg daily. Do not exceed this amount. Aids in calcium absorption and prevention of bone loss that can occur after hysterectomy.
Boron Ionic Mineral Supplement, Fully Absorbable, 20 +/- ppm, 16 fl. oz.,
OsteoBoron Bone & Joint Health, With 400 mg Green Food Concentrates, NOW Foods, 90 VCaps,
Ionic Boron, Single Mineral, Trace Minerals, 6 mg, 2 fl. oz.,
Boron Chelate, Nature's Way, 3 mg, 100 Caps
Calcium 2,000 mg daily, at bedtime. Lack of estrogen hinders calcium uptake. Needed for the central nervous system. Works with magnesium.
Calcium Ionic Mineral Supplement, Fully Absorbable, 700 +/- ppm, 16 fl. oz.,
Liquid Calcium W/ConcenTrace, Orange Vanilla, Trace Minerals, 1000 mg, 32 fl. oz.,
Cal-Mag Pre-Chelated Calcium & Magnesium, Vital Earth, 240 Gelcaps
Magnesium 1,000 mg daily, at bedtime. Important in carbohydrate (sugar) metabolism and enhances calcium absorption.
Magnesium Ionic Mineral Supplement, Fully Absorbable, 350 +/- ppm, 16 fl. oz.,
Just An Ounce Calcium & Magnesium Liquid, Almond Flavor, 16 fl. oz.,
Calcium & Magnesium Mineral Complex, 100% Natural, Nature's Way, 500 mg / 250 mg, 250 Caps
Essential Fatty Acids
(Primrose Oil is a good source.)
1,000 mg 3 times daily. Helps the body manufacture estrogen.
Barlean's Primrose Oil, With Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA), 1300 mg, 120 SoftGels
Potassium 99 mg daily. Needed if hot flashes occur to replace electrolytes lost through perspiration.
Potassium Ionic Mineral Supplement, Fully Absorbable, 340 +/- ppm, 16 fl. oz.,
Potassium Chelate, 100% Natural, Nature's Way, 99 mg, 100 Caps,
Potassium Chloride Powder, NOW Foods, Vegetarian, 8 oz.
Raw Thymus Glandular As directed on label. Potentiates immune function.
Thymus Organic Glandular, Hypoallergenic, Allergy Research Group / Nutricology, 500 mg, 75 Caps
Vitamin B Complex 100 mg of each B vitamin twice daily, with meals (amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary). B vitamins work best when taken together. Needed for the nervous system and to reduce stress. Use a high-stress formula. Injections (under a health care provider's supervision) may be necessary.
Ultimate B (Vitamin B Complex), Nature's Secret, 60 Tabs,
Vitamin B-100 Complex, w/ Coenzyme B-2, Nature's Way, 631 mg, 100 Caps
Vitamin C With Bioflavonoids 3,000-6,000 mg daily and up, in divided doses. An anti-stress vitamin also needed for tissue repair.
Vitamin C Liquid w/ Rose Hips & Bioflavonoids, Kosher, Natural Citrus Flavor, Dynamic Health, 1000 mg, 16 fl. oz.,
Ester C With Bioflavonoids, Nature's Way, 1000 mg, 90 Tabs,
Vitamin C 1000 With Bioflavonoids, Nature's Way, 100% Natural, 1000 mg, 250 VCaps,
The Right C, Nature's Way, 1000 mg, 120 Tabs
Vitamin E 200 IU daily or 400 IU every other day. Increase to 1,200 IU daily. For hot flashes, find the dosage that eases symptoms and stay at that level. Important in estrogen production. Use d-alpha-tocopherol form. Caution: Do not take this supplement for 2 weeks prior to surgery.
Ester E Natural Vitamin E, California Natural, 400 IU, 60 Softgels,
Vitamin E, 400 IU, 100% Natural, NOW Foods, 100 Gels,
Vitamin E-1000, NOW Foods, 1000 IU, 100 Gels,
Vitamin E, d-alpha-tocopherol, 400 IU, 100 Softgels
500 mg each daily, on an empty stomach. Take with water or juice. Do not take with milk. Take with 50 mg vitamin B-6 and 100 mg vitamin C for better absorption. Essential amino acids important in recovery after surgery. Both are needed to avoid an imbalance in amino acids. See Amino Acids for more information.
L-Arginine, Pharmaceutical Grade, Vegetarian, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 120 Tabs,
AAKG Powder (L-Arginine Alpha Keto Glutarate), NOW Foods, 100% Pure, Vegetarian, 3000 mg, 7 oz.,
L-Lysine, Highest Potency, Pharmaceutical Grade, NOW Foods, 1000 mg, 100 Tabs,
L-Lysine HCl Powder, Vegetarian, NOW Foods, 552 mg, 1 lb.,
L-Lysine, NOW Foods, 500 mg, 100 Tabs
Micellized Vitamin A
50,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. Important in immune function and to promote tissue repair. Use emulsion form for easier assimilation and greater safety at higher doses.
Vitamin A, 10,000 IU, 100% Natural, Nature's Way, 100 Softgels,
Carotenoid Complex (Betatene)
25,000 IU daily.
As directed on label.
An antioxidant and precursor of vitamin A. Needed by all cells for repair and rebuilding. Enhances natural killer cell activity.
Beta Carotene (Natural Dunaliella Salina), Nature's Way, 100% Natural, 25,000 IU, 100 Softgels,
Multi-Carotene Antioxidant, Nature's Way, 60 Softgels
50 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Important in all enzyme systems and tissue repair. Boosts the immune system. Use zinc gluconate lozenges or zinc methionate (OptiZinc) for best absorption.
Zinc Ionic Mineral Supplement, Fully Absorbable, 100 +/- ppm, 16 fl. oz.,
Colloidal Silver & Zinc Lozenges, Silva Solution, 90 Lozenges,
Zinc Lozenges W/ Echinacea & Vitamin C, Nature's Way, 23 mg, 60 Lozenges,
Zinc (Chelated), 100% Natural, Nature's Way, 30 mg, 100 Caps,
Helpful Melatonin As directed on label. A powerful antioxidant that also aids sleep. This hormone stimulates the immune system and is important in the production of estrogen, testosterone, and possibly, other hormones.
Melatonin Supplement, Time Released, NOW Foods, 1 mg, 100 Tabs
As directed on label. Aids in glandular function.
Immuno-Gland Plex, Organic Glandular (Hypoallergenic), Allergy Research Group/Nutricology, 60 Caps,
Multi-Vitamin & Multi-Mineral Complex As directed on label. Restores the essential vitamins and minerals to balance. All nutrients are needed in balance for healing and tissue repair.
Super Multi-Vitamin & Multi-Mineral, Pure Vital Earth, 32 fl. oz. (98% Bio-Available for Absorption), Damage Control Master Formula, High Potency, Multi-Vitamin & Mineral, 60 Packets (30 Day Supply)
HYSTERECTOMY SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products for women who are considering or have gone through hysterectomy surgery.
ProgestaCare, Life-Flo, Natural Progesterone Cream For Women, 4 oz.
ProgestaCare Natural Progesterone Cream helps women reduce the severity of PMS symptoms lessen the effects of menopause and counter-balance the effects of estrogen dominance, Infertility, Migraines, Fibrocystic Breast, Skin Care, and Acne. For women, who suffer from hysterectomy symptoms, menstrual conditions, female health conditions, hormone deficiencies, menopause hot flashes, osteoporosis or thinning bones, & PMS. Reduces breast cancer risk, hair loss, fat gain from estrogen dominance, menopause acne, migraine headaches, and much more ProgestaCare Natural Progesterone Cream is the #1 selling natural progesterone cream trusted by millions of women world wide. This superior formula represents the purest ingredients you can buy with all its benefits, purity and quality, ProgestaCare Natural Progesterone Cream is recommended by health care providers and women more than any other natural progesterone cream.
Shatavari Herb, Vegetarian, Banyan Botanicals, 500 mg, 90 Tabs
Shatavari is a rejuvenating herb that cools the body and strengthens and nourishes the tissues. It may be taken by both women and men to remove excess vata and pitta from the system and to support the proper function of the reproductive organs. Traditionally used to stimulate the production of female hormones, Shatavari may be translated as "100 spouses," implying its ability to increase fertility and vitality. It encourages the production of milk in lactating mothers, and is also useful during menopause and for women who have had hysterectomies. Shatavari serves to build immunity, improve the intellect, stimulate digestion, and enhance strength and energy. It helps remove toxins from the blood and supports the proper function of the liver. Shatavari also acts to soothe, protect and nurture inflamed membranes of the lungs, stomach, kidneys and reproductive organs.
U-O-Clear (Ovarian Cyst & Fibroid Support), 500 mg, 60 Caps
U-O-Clear is a 100% natural herbal formula well proven in China to be effective to relieve the symptoms caused by clots or abnormal growth of Uterus or Ovary tissues. U-O-Clear relieves most symptoms of cysts/fibroids/endo with no known side effects. It works on the principle to supplement the body's cleaning function for the clots and sputum-fluids of female organs, especially for uterus and ovary, so that the growth of bad tissues could be stopped or reversed. Of course, U-O-Clear works best when little symptoms have been felt. If the tumors become too big, and symptoms remain after 2 bottles of U-O-Clear, you may need an operation or other medications, then take U-O-Clear also help to prevent symptoms happen again. Usually after taking U-O-Clear for only a few days, the symptoms are much relieved or gone, and then you could stop taking U-O-Clear, or only take it when any slight symptom comes back again, or use it as a nutritional supplement to ensure healthy organs.
Very Private Intimate Moisture, FDA-Safety Tested, 2 fl. oz.
Very Private Intimate Moisture is physician tested and approved. Formulated according to FDA protocols. PH balanced, hypo-allergenic, free of chemical colors, fragrance, plant additives and hormones. Relieves vaginal dryness instantly, protects tissue & enhances intimacy. The first daily intimate moisturizer created specifically to counteract dryness in the intimate area. The intimate area actually needs daily moisture protection more than any other area of the body. It is more susceptible to irritation, chafing, discomfort, even pain or swelling of the tissue, which can interfere with a woman's intimate life. Very Private also helps ease the beginning of intimacy and gives maximum tissue protection, literally cushioning the vaginal tissue with moisture so sexual activity is completely comfortable and can last as long as desired. Recommended during and after use of vaginal or urinary tract infection treatments, during and after vaginal and/or pelvic surgery and for women suffering from recurrent vaginal irritations. Extremely effective and consumer friendly - feels as natural as a woman's own moisture - no stickiness, no residue and no superfluous ingredients to change the natural vaginal environment.
Women's Bodies, Women's Wisdom, Newly Updated & Revised, By Christiane Northrup, M.D.
Women's Bodies, Women's Wisdom powerfully demonstrates that when women change the basic conditions of their lives that lead to health problems, they create a vibrant health with far fewer medical interventions. Here in this second revised edition is the most up-to-date information available on the entire range of women's health concerns, including: A complete nutrition program for achieving a healthy insulin level, the key to a women's overall health. The most recent information on fertility and getting pregnant after thirty-five. Programs for enhancing sexuality and breast health, including how to decide whether natural hormones are right for you. Clear guidance on the hormone replacement controversy. New ways to avoid hysterectomy, including innovative fibroid treatments. Filled with dramatic case histories, Women's Bodies, Women's Wisdom is contemporary medicine at its best, combining new technologies with natural remedies and the miraculous healing powers within the body itself.
Herbal Remedies: Progesterone Therapy Information
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IF...
Call 9-1-1 or other emergency services immediately if you or a person you know has complications of surgery, such as excessive bleeding, signs of infection, or other serious symptoms associated with the surgery.
Consult with your health care provider about hormonal symptoms that usually occurs as a result of hysterectomy. Research alternative choices to hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms that often occurs after hysterectomy surgery.
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Menopause & Menopause-Related Problems
MoonDragon's Health Therapy Information: Preparing For & Recovering From Surgery
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Hysterectomy - Abdominal
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Hysterectomy - Vaginal with Bladder/Rectal Repair (Vaginal Hysterectomy & Anterior/Posterior Colporrhaphy)
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Hysterectomy - Vaginal with Removal of Tubes & Ovaries & Bladder/Rectal Repair (Vaginal Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy & Colporrhaphy)
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Menopause - Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Breast Cancer
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Cervix Cancer
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MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Ovarian Cysts
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Uterine Cancer
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Uterine Prolapse
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Menopause Links
MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Menopause Index
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HELPFUL PRODUCTS & FURTHER EDUCATION
Prescription for Nutritional Healing: The A-To-Z Guide To Supplements
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Prescription for Nutritional Healing: The A-To-Z Guide To Supplements
-- by Phyllis A. Balch, James F. Balch - 4th Edition
Prescription for Herbal Healing: The A-To-Z Reference To Common Disorders
-- by Phyllis A. Balch
The Complete Guide to Natural Healing
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