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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Disorders

HEMOPHILIA
Genetic Bleeding-Clotting Disorder


For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Hemophilia Description
  • Hemophilia Frequent Signs & Symptoms
  • Hemophilia Causes
  • Hemophilia Conventional Medical Treatment
  • Herbal Recommendations
  • Diet & Nutritional Recommendations
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Notify Your Health Practitioner
  • Bruising Relief Supplement Products




  • mild hemophilia after injection in buttock


    HEMOPHILIA DESCRIPTION

    Hemophilia is a rare genetic bleeding disorder caused by a shortage of certain clotting factors. Blood clotting factors are needed to help stop bleeding after a cut or injury to prevent spontaneous bleeding. Approximately 20,000 people in the United States suffer from hemophilia.

    In a healthy individual, a minor bump can damage a blood vessel, causing blood to leak into the surrounding tissue, producing a bruise. A process called hemostasis (coagulation) plugs the hole in the damaged vessel and forms a clot that stops the blood loss and limits the size of the bruise.

    In people with hemophilia and related problems, bleeding can take a very different course. The blood does not clot normally because of one or another of the blood proteins (clotting factors) that collaborate to repair damaged vessels and form clots is defective, deficient, or totally absent. The photo above shows a person with mild hemophilia after an injection in the buttocks and the bruising that occurred afterward from uncontrolled bleeding. When the blood does not clot normally, even minor injuries can cause serious bleeding. This can lead to blood loss, injury to internal organs, or permanent damage to muscles or joints.

    The idea that people with hemophilia can bleed to death from a minor cut or injury is a misconception. In fact, external bleeding is seldom a serious problem for hemophiliacs. They may bleed somewhat longer than other people, but minor bleeding episodes can generally be controlled by ordinary first aid measures.

    But injuries can commonly cause bleeding inside the body - bleeding we may neither see nor feel. Unchecked internal bleeding can be serious - even life threatening - for a person with hemophilia. Blood that leaks into the knee joint, a common site of internal bleeding, can cause painful swelling. Repeated bleeding eventually destroys the cartilage that enables the knee to work smoothly and easily. The joint becomes permanently stiff and painful, the result of hemophiliac arthritis. Other joints, such as the ankle, wrist, or elbow, can be similarly affected by internal bleeding. People with hemophilia can also bleed into muscle and other soft tissue. Internal bleeding can ultimately obstruct air passages or damage the brain or other vital organs.

    The hemophilia gene can contain many different errors, leading to different degrees of abnormality. The degree of abnormality in the gene determines how much clotting factor is produced. Hemophilia is classified by its severity. There are three levels of hemophilia, although they can overlap. Hemophilia can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how impaired an individual's production of clotting factors is and what situations bleeding most often occurs. The percentage of clotting factors stays about the same throughout a person's life. All family members who have hemophilia usually will have similar forms.
    • Severe Hemophilia: In severe hemophilia, clotting factor VIII or clotting factor IX activity is less than 1 percent of normal. Injury, surgery, or dental care can present significant problems for such people. Spontaneous bleeding (bleeding with no apparent reason) often happens one or more times a week and can require infusion of clotting factor concentrate as often as several times a week.

    • Moderate Hemophilia: People with moderate hemophilia (clotting factor VIII or clotting factor IX levels between 1 and 5 percent of normal) do not usually experience spontaneous bleeding, but even a minor injury, such as a fall, sprain, or strain, if untreated, can cause prolonged bleeding.

    • Mild Hemophilia: In mild hemophilia, clotting factor VIII or clotting factor IX activity ranges between 5 and 50 percent of normal. Bleeding can be expected from surgery, major dental care, or trauma. These individuals rarely bleed into joints, and their disease usually does not interfere with normal living.
    The National Hemophilia Foundation estimates that nearly 450 babies with hemophilia are born each year in the United States. This is 1 in every 4,400 live male births. The number of female hemophiliacs is not known. Hemophilia is hereditary. It primarily affects males and is passed down through females. This is because it is linked to a defect in one of two genes that are involved in the production of clotting factors. These genes are located on the X chromosome, and while females have two X chromosomes, males have only one. For a female to develop the disease, both of her X chromosomes would have to carry the defective gene (which is unlikely), whereas a male has only a single X chromosome, so one of its clotting factor genes is defective, he will be affected.

    A woman who has one defective gene will not develop hemophilia herself, but is considered a carrier of the condition. All children of (female) carriers have a 50 percent chance of inheriting the defective gene. For sons, this means a 50 percent chance of developing the disease for daughters, it means a 50 percent chance of being carriers, like their mothers. For the children of (male) hemophiliacs, the story is somewhat different. Sons are not affected (unless the mother is a carrier), but daughters always become carriers. For hemophilia to occur in a female, she would have to have both a father with the condition and a mother who is either a hemophiliac or a carrier.

    There are two major types of hemophilia. They are classified according to the particular protein, or clotting factor that is deficient:
    • Hemophilia A is caused by a deficiency of active clotting factor VIII. Approximately 80% of all the people with hemophilia have type A, and most of these cases are severe. It is inherited by male children of mothers who are carriers. Approximately 1 out of every 10,000 male babies is born with hemophilia A.

    • Hemophilia B (Christmas Disease) is caused by a lack of active clotting factor IX. It occurs less commonly; 1 out of every 25,000 to 30,0000 male babies is born with hemophilia B. It too is passed on by carrier mothers to male children.
    It is also possible to have a bleeding disorder due to factor XI deficiency. Unlike hemophilia A and B, this problem can be carried by either the male or female parent, and can be passed on to both male and female offspring.

    Blood tests can help determine whether you have hemophilia. Genetic tests are also available for women who want to know if they are a carrier of the condition.

    Most people with hemophilia can successfully manage their bleeding problems with clotting factor replacement therapy. Clotting factors may be injected:
    • On a regular basis, to prevent bleeding episodes.

    • When needed. On-demand therapy is used before participating in activities with a high risk for injury or once it is suspected that bleeding has begun.
    Untreated or severe forms of hemophilia can cause frequent bleeding that may damage organs and joints.





    HEMOPHILIA FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

    Symptoms of hemophilia are usually first noticed during infancy or childhood. However, some people with milder forms of hemophilia may not develop symptoms until later on.

    The following are signs of hemophilia that may be noticed shortly after birth:
    • Bleeding into the muscle, resulting in a deep bruise after receiving a routine vitamin K shot.
    • Prolonged bleeding after a male child is circumcised.
    Other symptoms of hemophilia include:
    • Bleeding into a joint or muscle that causes pain and swelling.
    • Abnormal bleeding after an injury.
    • Easy bruising.
    • Frequent nosebleeds.
    • Blood in the urine (hematuria).
    The most common bleeding problem a person with severe hemophilia has is bleeding into a joint (hemarthrosis), often without an injury. Bleeding usually occurs in one joint at a time. Bleeding may develop in any joint, but knees, elbows, and ankles are most commonly affected. Sometimes one particular joint, called a target joint, will tend to bleed most often. Signs and symptoms of bleeding into a joint include:
    • Warmth and/or tingling in the joint during the early stages of hemarthrosis. This is called an aura. If bleeding is not treated, mild discomfort can progress to severe pain.

    • Swelling and inflammation in the joint, caused by repeated episodes of bleeding. If episodes continue, it may lead to chronic pain and destruction of the joint.

    • An infant or child's reluctance to move an arm or leg because of bleeding into an affected joint. This is often first noticed when a child begins to walk.
    Another common symptom of hemophilia is bleeding into a muscle (hematoma), which can be mild or severe. Serious bleeding deep in the muscle can cause significant pain and scarring. There are many possible symptoms of bleeding into muscle, including:
    • Bruising.
    • Swelling.
    • Muscle hardening.
    • Tenderness.
    • Pain, especially when large muscle groups are affected.
    Occasionally, bleeding into certain muscles (forearm, groin, or leg) puts enough pressure on arteries and nerves to cause a complication called compartment syndrome. If compartment syndrome is not treated promptly, muscles and nerves can die, seriously damaging muscle, bones, and other tissue. Symptoms of compartment syndrome include:
    • Weakness and paleness in the affected extremity.
    • Swelling and numbness.
    • Severe pain during movement.
    • Inability to move an extremity (paralysis).

    ABOUT COMPARTMENT SYNDROME


    Muscles, nerves, blood vessels, and bones are often grouped together and enclosed by a fibrous tissue (fascia), creating a compartment. This fibrous compartment is rigid and does not expand as its contents swell.

    A compartment syndrome occurs when swelling takes place within a compartment and increases pressure on arteries, veins, and nerves. In addition to causing extreme pain, this slows circulation to the muscles and nerves and may cause permanent damage to these tissues. Swelling may be caused by decreased blood flow, bleeding, fluid buildup, and many other factors.

    A compartment syndrome is a medical emergency. It requires immediate treatment to prevent tissue death and permanent dysfunction.

    (Occasionally, people involved in a greatly increased level of physical activity - such as long-distance runners or new military recruits - may develop chronic compartment syndrome. With chronic compartment syndrome, symptoms are less sudden and less severe and often improve with rest.)


    OTHER CONDITIONS WITH SYMPTOMS SIMILAR TO HEMOPHILIA

    Abnormal or excessive bleeding is the most obvious symptom of hemophilia. Like hemophilia, some other disorders with similar symptoms are deficient in one or more clotting factors (such as clotting factor XI or XII). There are many types of bleeding disorders, although most are very rare.

    Von Willebrand's disease is the most common of the inherited blood disorders. Like hemophilia, von Willebrand's disease can cause repeated bleeding episodes in the muscles and joints, which may result in permanent damage over time. Von Willebrand's disease is a bleeding disorder in which the body's blood system has a missing or malfunctioning von willebrand factor. The von Willebrand factor ordinarily attracts platelets and helps them to stick together to form a blood clot, which is necessary to stop bleeding when you are cut or injured. The von Willebrand factor also protects a related blood-clotting component called factor VIII. For more information about this disorder, see WebMD: Von Willebrand's Disease.

    Unlike the gene abnormality that causes hemophilia, the gene abnormality that causes Von Willebrand's disease is not located on the X chromosome, so the disease affects the same number of females as males.

    A health professional can help determine specifically what type of bleeding disorder you have.





    HEMOPHILIA CAUSES

    Hemophilia A and hemophilia B are caused by a defect in a pair of chromosomes. The genetic defect affects how much clotting factor a person will produce and how the factor will function. The less normal clotting factor a person has, the more severe the hemophilia.
    • Hemophilia A is caused by a defect in the production of clotting factor VIII.
    • Hemophilia B is caused by a defect in the production of clotting factor IX.
    Although hemophilia is a genetic disorder, about one-third of all people with hemophilia have no family history of the condition. In these cases, hemophilia occurs spontaneously when a normal chromosome develops an abnormality (mutates) that affects the gene that codes for clotting factor VIII or IX. A child who inherits this mutation may be born with hemophilia or may be a carrier.

    HEMOPHILIA BLEEDING EXPECTATIONS

    The idea that people with hemophilia can bleed to death from a minor cut or injury is a misconception. In fact, external bleeding is seldom a serious problem. People with hemophilia may bleed somewhat longer than other people but minor bleeding episodes can generally be controlled by ordinary first aid measures. If you have hemophilia, your blood does not clot properly. Once bleeding starts, it takes longer for bleeding to stop than in a person who has blood that clots normally. A bleeding episode often begins with an injury. Minor injuries may not always cause excessive bleeding. More severe injuries, or injuries in the mouth, more often cause excessive bleeding and frequently require emergency care.

    Injuries also commonly cause bleeding inside the body. This is bleeding we may neither see nor feel. Unchecked internal bleeding can be serious - even life threatening - for a person with hemophilia.

    Bleeding into a muscle or joint is a concern for a person with hemophilia because internal bleeding can damage organs or joints. Blood that leaks into the knee joint, a common site of internal bleeding, can cause painful swelling. Repeated bleeding eventually destroys the cartilage that enables the knee to work smoothly and easily. The joint becomes permanently stiff and painful, the result of hemophilic arthritis. Other joints such as the ankle, wrist or elbow can be similarly affected by internal bleeding.

    People with hemophilia can also bleed into the muscle and other soft tissue. Internal bleeding can obstruct air passages or damage to other vital organs. Less commonly, bleeding in the brain can cause serious brain damage and possibly death. For these reasons, a person with hemophilia usually needs urgent treatment with clotting factors.

    Even with treatment, bleeding is sometimes difficult to control. Frequent bleeding episodes or a serious injury can lead to complications and excessive blood loss. Most complications are successfully managed by the injection of clotting factors. People with severe hemophilia require treatment with clotting factors on a regular basis to prevent major bleeding episodes. Other people with less severe forms of hemophilia may only require clotting factor treatment on demand after bleeding starts or before an activity or procedure with a high risk of causing bleeding, such as certain sports or surgery. Complications can result from clotting factor treatment. However, life expectancy in people with hemophilia has doubled from 25 years to approximately 50 years with the use of new clotting factor concentrates.

    COMPLICATIONS

    Hemophilia can cause complications related to excessive and/or frequent blood loss such as:
    • Compartment syndrome, a rare complication that develops when bleeding in the muscle puts pressure on arteries and nerves inside the muscle. This syndrome can cause serious damage to the limb.

    • Bleeding in the digestive system, most often noticed in vomit or stool. Blood in the digestive system may sometimes give a black, tarry, or coffee-grounds appearance to the stool. If enough blood is lost, the person might have symptoms of Anemia such as lightheadedness, weakness, and fatigue.

    • Bleeding inside the head (intracranial hemorrhage). This is very dangerous because it may cause brain damage and death. This type of bleeding is often a result of a head injury.

    • Blood in the urine (hematuria). While this is a common condition for people with hemophilia, it usually is not dangerous when treated appropriately. Blood clots that form in the urethra (the tube through which urine flows out of the body) can cause sharp stomach pain because urine flow out of the bladder is blocked.
    INCREASED RISKS OF HEMOPHILIA

    Hemophilia is an inherited genetic disease. The risk of a child inheriting hemophilia depends on the parents' genetic makeup. sometimes, a child can be born with hemophilia when part of a normal chromosome changes (mutates) in the sperm or the eggs of on or both parents. Medical researchers do not yet know why this mutation occurs in some people.

    HEMOPHILIA PREVENTION

    You cannot prevent hemophilia. However, you can prevent bleeding episodes from occurring or becoming worse. See "Treatment" below for more information.





    HEMOPHILIA CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT

    DIAGNOSIS & TESTS

    Severe hemophilia is usually diagnosed in early childhood or infancy. However, mild forms may not be noticed until adulthood. If a bleeding problem is suspected, the following tests from a single blood sample will help your health care provider diagnose hemophilia, its type, and severity:
    • Prothrombin Time (PT), which measures certain clotting factors other than those related to hemophilia. High PT levels indicate that hemophilia is not the cause of bleeding problems and that another clotting disorder, antibodies to certain clotting factors (inhibitors), or a vitamin K deficiency may be responsible.

    • Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) measures clotting factors VIII or IX that are absent or not working properly in people with hemophilia. If PTT is elevated, you or your child may have hemophilia. However, this test cannot determine which type of hemophilia (A or B) is present.

    • Thromboplastin Generation Test (TGT), which helps determine which clotting factor (VIII or IX) is absent or not working properly. If factor VIII is missing or abnormal, hemophilia A is diagnosed. If factor IX is missing or abnormal, hemophilia B is diagnosed. Factor assay test, which determines the severity of hemophilia by measuring the levels of factor VIII and factor IX.


    • Hemophilia can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how impaired an individual's production of clotting factors is.
      • Mild Hemophilia: Clotting factor VIII or IX level is 5-percent of normal or greater. Mild hemophilia might not be recognized until excessive bleeding develops after a major trauma or surgery. In mild hemophilia, factor activity ranges between 5 and 50-percent of normal. Bleeding can be expected from surgery, major dental care, or trauma. These individuals rarely bleed into joints, and their disease usually does not interfere with normal living.

      • Moderate Hemophilia: Clotting factor VIII or IX level is 1 to 5-percent of normal. Bleeding usually follows a fall, sprain, or strain. People with moderate hemophilia (factor levels between 1 and 5-percent of normal) do not usually experience spontaneous bleeding, but even a minor injury, if untreated, can cause prolonged bleeding.

      • Severe Hemophilia: Clotting factor VIII or IX level is less than 1-percent of normal. Bleeding often happens one or more times a week for no apparent reason. Injury, surgery, or dental care can present significant problems for such people. Spontaneous bleeding can require infusion of clotting factor concentrate as often as several times a week.
    GENETIC SCREENING TESTS

    The National Hemophilia Foundation estimates that nearly 450 American boys with hemophilia are born each year. The number of females with hemophilia is not known. A woman who has one defective gene will not develop hemophilia herself, but is a carrier of the condition. All children of (female) carriers have a 50-percent chance of inheriting the defective gene and becoming a carrier like their mothers. For sons, this means there is a 50-percent chance of developing the disease. For the children of hemophiliacs, the story is somewhat different. Sons are not affected (unless the mother is a carrier), but daughters always become carriers. For hemophilia to occur in a female, she would have to have both a carrier mother and a father with the condition.

    If you know that hemophilia runs in your family and you are planning to have children, you can be tested for the genetic defect that causes hemophilia to determine if you are a carrier. This will allow you to make informed decisions about pregnancy and prenatal care.

    During pregnancy, health care providers can use amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) to test the fetus for the genetic defect that causes hemophilia. If the fetus is found to have hemophilia, you may choose whether you want to complete or terminate the pregnancy. If you decide to continue with the pregnancy, you will need to learn about health issues that affect the fetus before delivery and your child after he or she is born. A genetic counselor can help provide information about these issues.

    A child can also be tested for hemophilia after birth. A sample of blood can be taken from newborn's umbilical cord to test for hemophilia A if one or both parents have the condition. Testing for hemophilia B in newborns is not effective; newborns naturally have lower levels of clotting factor IX. Blood tests for clotting factor IX deficiency should take place after a child is 6 months old.

    CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT - CLOTTING FACTORS REPLACEMENT

    Hemophilia is primarily treated by replacing the absent or abnormal clotting factors to prevent severe blood loss and complications from bleeding. Clotting factors are replaced by injecting (infusing) them into the veins. The severity of the disease determines how clotting factors are replaced.
    • Severe Forms of Hemophilia: Clotting factors may be replaced on a regularly scheduled basis (prophylaxis), to prevent bleeding.

    • Less Severe Forms of Hemophilia: Clotting factors are replaced on demand, when:
      • Bleeding starts, such as after an injury.
      • Bleeding is expected, such as before surgery.
      • When participating in activities that increase the risk for bleeding, such as contact sports.
    Hemophilia patients treated after 1985 usually have a normal life expectancy. Since 1985, blood products (such as clotting factor concentrates used to treat hemophilia) are screened for viral diseases, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

    Medications can also be used to help increase clotting factors when undergoing certain medical or dental procedures. These are effective if you have mild hemophilia, or in combination with clotting factors if you have a more severe form of the disease.

    If you have hemophilia, pay careful attention to lifestyle choices that may put you at risk for bleeding. Taking precautions when exercising or participating in physical activities, maintaining a healthy body weight, and learning to recognize bleeding episodes are some of the important self-care issues that can impact the course of the disease.

    Hemophilia treatment centers are available at most large medical centers and are an excellent resource to help you and your family get the best care for this condition. These centers have hematologists, nurses, social workers, physical therapists, and dentists who specialize in treating people with hemophilia.

    TREATMENT CONCERNS

    People with hemophilia are commonly treated with plasma concentrates prepared from pooled blood plasma. As a result, as many as 2/3 of all Americans with hemophilia became infected with HIV before the virus was identified and a screening test developed. Blood donors are now screened for HIV and clotting factor products are routinely subjected to heat to minimize, if not eliminate, the risk of transmission of the virus, but the chance of contracting HIV understandably remains a source of concern for people with hemophilia. Hepatitis viruses have also been a problem for people using blood products.

    Viruses can be transmitted through donated blood products, although it is very rare. All donated blood is now tested to screen for most viruses, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Blood suspected of being contaminated with these viruses is not used. Current blood-purifying procedures also destroy most viruses that are not detected during screening. Some virus risk still exists because of hepatitis A and parvovirus, which are difficult to detect and destroy because of their molecular structure. As a result, in very rare cases some viruses are transmitted through the clotting factor plasma products from donated blood, which can result in complications. Plasma concentrates produced in a lab (using recombinant DNA technology) do not transmit viruses.

    Clotting factor replacement products are expensive. Regularly scheduled clotting factors to prevent bleeding problems are estimated to cost at least three times as much as on-demand treatment.4 Researchers are seeking different ways to administer clotting factors that may reduce the costs of using replacement factors in this way.

    The less expensive use of clotting factors only when needed (on demand) is not as effective as regularly scheduled infusions of clotting factors in preventing long-term problems.

    Chronic pain from joint damage commonly occurs in people who have hemophilia and have one or more severe bleeding episodes inside a joint every year. Narcotics are the most effective drugs to relieve the acute joint pain associated with hemophilia.

    HEMOPHILIA-RELATED MEDICATIONS

    Medications can be used in specific situations or in combination with clotting factor replacement to treat hemophilia.

  • Desmopressin Acetate is used to treat mild hemophilia A. This medication releases unused clotting factor VIII from the cells that line blood vessels, which greatly increases the percentage of clotting factor VIII that is in the blood. Usually, desmopressin acetate is used in addition to clotting factor replacement. In mild forms of hemophilia, however, it can be used instead of clotting factor replacement.


  • DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE (DDAVP) FOR HEMOPHILIA


    Medical researchers believe that this drug acts by releasing unused clotting factor VIII from cells that line blood vessels. It is indicated for people with mild to moderate hemophilia A before dental and minor surgical procedures. It is also indicated for mild bleeding episodes. Desmopressin acetate is not indicated in certain situations, such as:
    • Severe cases of hemophilia.
    • Children under 1 year of age.
    • Serious injuries.
    In mild to moderate cases of hemophilia, desmopressin acetate can sometimes be effective in controlling bleeding because it increases the percentage of clotting factor VIII in the blood. However, its effectiveness varies with each individual, and the drug's effectiveness is not known until it is tested.

    Possible side effects include:
    • Fluid retention.
    • Mild increase in pulse or blood pressure.
    • Redness of the face and neck (flushing).
    • Headache.
    The medication:
    • Is usually injected, but a nasal spray is available.
    • Treats hemophilia A only.
    • Does not carry infectious diseases.
    • May become ineffective if used too often.
    • Is safe for adults.
    • Is inexpensive compared to clotting factor replacement.


  • Antifibrinolytic Agents prevent chemicals in the blood from breaking down blood clots. This type of medication is used before dental procedures and to treat nosebleeds because it slows bleeding in the mucous membranes. These drugs are usually used in combination with clotting factors.


  • ANTIFIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS FOR HEMOPHILIA


  • Epsilon-aminocaproic acid (Amicar).
  • Tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron).

  • Antifibrinolytic agents prevent the breakdown of blood clots by neutralizing chemicals in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and urinary tract that break down clots. Antifibrinolytic agents are used to treat nosebleeds (epistaxis) and to help prevent bleeding in the mouth before dental surgery. These medications effectively prevent bleeding of the mouth when combined with a preventive dose of clotting factor.

    Possible side effects include:
    • Upset stomach.
    • Headache.
    • Flushing.
    • Abnormally low blood pressure (hypotension).
    Antifibrinolytic medications:
    • Do not carry infectious diseases.
    • Help prevent bleeding in the mouth, nose, or urinary tract only.
    • Can be used instead of clotting factor replacement after dental surgery.
    • Can be taken in pill or liquid form and do not have to be injected (unlike clotting factors).


  • Fibrin Glue helps stop oozing of minor skin wounds in people with hemophilia A. Fibrin glue is often used during dental procedures. People who have a blood-clotting disorder such as von Willebrand's disease or hemophilia may be treated with fibrin glue to help control bleeding. Fibrin glue contains clotting factors to help a wound stop bleeding. It is used for people who lack or have a shortage of clotting factor VIII. It is applied directly on a wound (topically) and is most often used after dental procedures to treat people with bleeding problems. Sometimes, fibrin glue is also used to help stop minor bleeding around a wound or to supplement other treatments.

    These drugs do not replace clotting factors as the major treatment for hemophilia.

    OTHER CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS

    Bleeding problems caused by hemophilia can be prevented and treated with clotting factor replacement. Clotting factors come from blood donors (plasma-derived clotting factors) or are produced in a laboratory (recombinant or DNA-engineered). The amount of factor needed is determined by the severity of hemophilia and/or the location of the bleeding. More clotting factor is needed for surgery or bleeding in the brain than for less serious situations, such as routine dental procedures.

    Clotting Factor Replacement: If you have hemophilia, you must receive clotting factors in order to prevent damage from internal bleeding. There are different types of clotting factor replacement. Depending upon the severity of the disease, you can choose to:
    • Receive regularly scheduled infusions of clotting factor to prevent bleeding.
    • Receive clotting factor only after bleeding starts or before you participate in an activity that will likely cause bleeding (on demand).
    Treatment for people with inhibitors: Approximately 20-percent of the people with hemophilia A develop antibodies to the injected clotting factor. The antibodies are called inhibitors. Inhibitors may make it more difficult to treat bleeding episodes, because the body's natural defense system (immune system) interferes with the function of replacement clotting factors. In these cases, treatment may require specially engineered replacement clotting factors. The following are more likely to develop inhibitors to replacement clotting therapy:
    • People with a severe form of hemophilia.
    • Children.
    • People who have never been treated with clotting factor replacement therapy.
    Clotting Factor Replacement for Hemophilia: Clotting factors are replaced by injecting (infusing) a clotting factor replacement into the veins. Types of clotting factors include:
    • Fresh frozen plasma (FFP).
    • Cryoprecipitate (concentrated frozen plasma).
    • Factor concentrates, which are donated or produced in a lab (using recombinant DNA technology).
    The person with hemophilia should learn how to self-infuse with replacement clotting factors. By the age of 10, most children with hemophilia should be able to infuse themselves.

    Clotting factors are infused before surgeries and activities that may cause bleeding. People with severe hemophilia may need to infuse clotting factors regularly (three times a week) to prevent spontaneous bleeding in joints and muscles. Infusing clotting factors helps blood to clot normally and prevents damage to muscle, joints, and organs. The following describe the different kinds of blood clotting factors.
    • Fresh Frozen Plasma
      • Advantages:
        • It contains all blood factors, so it can be used to treat many varieties of blood disorders. It is used to treat people who have unidentified clotting problems.

        • It is less expensive than donated and recombinant factor concentrates.
        Disadvantages:
        • It requires a large amount of plasma to provide enough clotting factor to prevent bleeding.

        • It must be frozen, so it is not easily kept at home.

        • Although it is rare, viruses can be transmitted through donated blood products, which can result in complications. All donated blood is now tested to carefully screen for most common viruses, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Blood suspected of being contaminated with these viruses is not used. Current blood-purifying technology also allows most viruses that are not detected during screening to be destroyed. However, hepatitis A and parvovirus can still sometimes be transmitted when using fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or a donated factor concentrate. These viruses are difficult to detect and destroy because of their molecular structure.
    • Cryoprecipitate (Concentrated Frozen Plasma)
        Advantages:
        • It is not likely to transmit a disease, because it is from only one donor.

        • It contains all clotting factors, so it can be used to treat many varieties of blood disorders. It is used to treat people who have unidentified clotting problems.

        • It requires less cryoprecipitate than fresh frozen plasma to treat a bleeding episode because cryoprecipitate has been concentrated.

        • It is less expensive than donated and recombinant factor concentrates.
        Disadvantages:
        • Although concentrated, it still requires a relatively large amount of cryoprecipitate compared to factor concentrates and recombinant products to increase clotting factors to a safe level.

        • It must be frozen, so it is not easily kept at home.

        • Although it is rare, viruses can be transmitted through donated blood products, which can result in complications. All donated blood is now tested to carefully screen for most common viruses, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Blood suspected of being contaminated with these viruses is not used. Current blood-purifying technology also allows most viruses that are not detected during screening to be destroyed. However, hepatitis A and parvovirus can still sometimes be transmitted when using fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or a donated factor concentrate. These viruses are difficult to detect and destroy because of their molecular structure.
    • Donated Factor Concentrates
      • Advantages:
        • Factor concentrates are made specifically for one type of hemophilia. Factor VIII concentrates treat hemophilia A. Factor IX concentrates treat hemophilia B.

        • It requires relatively small amounts of factor concentrates to bring clotting factors in the blood to a normal level.

        • These products come in powder form, so they can be kept and used at home. They are mixed with sterile water that comes with the concentrate and then injected.

        • Factor concentrates come in a variety of purities. The purer the concentrate, the more of the specific factor it contains compared to other clotting factors. The purer the product, the better it will work, but the more expensive it will be.

        Disadvantages:
        • Although it is rare, viruses can be transmitted through donated blood products, which can result in complications. All donated blood is now tested to carefully screen for most common viruses, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Blood suspected of being contaminated with these viruses is not used. Current blood-purifying technology also allows most viruses that are not detected during screening to be destroyed. However, hepatitis A and parvovirus can still sometimes be transmitted when using fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or a donated factor concentrate. These viruses are difficult to detect and destroy because of their molecular structure.

        • Factor concentrates are expensive compared to fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitate.
    • Lab-Produced (Recombinant) Factor Concentrates
      • Advantages:
        • The type of recombinant clotting factor produced for hemophilia B does not contain any human or animal products, so there is no risk of contracting a virus.

        • Relatively small amounts of factor concentrates are required to bring clotting factors in the blood up to normal levels.

        • These products come in powder form, so they can be kept and used at home. They are mixed with sterile water that comes with the concentrate and then injected.
        Disadvantages:
        • They are very expensive.

        • Shortages of recombinant concentrates occur more frequently than with other forms of clotting factor.
    After Treatment: The infusion of clotting factor stops bleeding within hours, although the exact amount of time varies. Heavy bleeding takes longer to control than light bleeding. If the proper amount of replacement factors is given, bleeding will stop normally.

    People with hemophilia can use clotting factors to treat bleeding episodes or to prevent bleeding before activities that may cause bleeding. Clotting factors will be used in situations such as:
    • After an injury.
    • Before surgery.
    • Before activities, such as sports, in which the person with hemophilia may get injured.
    • Clotting factors can be injected as a preventive treatment for severe hemophilia. Infusing clotting factor concentrates three times a week can prevent spontaneous bleeding.
    If treated quickly, the blood will clot normally, and bleeding will not damage the muscles and joints.

    Risks: About 20-percent of people with hemophilia A develop inhibitors to clotting factors. When this occurs, the usual forms of clotting factors may not be effective in preventing or stopping bleeding.

    Treatment Concerns:
    • To stop internal bleeding from causing long-term damage to joints, a person with hemophilia must replace clotting factors promptly.

    • There is little risk of getting viruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C from clotting factors that use donated blood products (fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or donated factor concentrates). Donors are carefully screened and donated blood goes through purifying processes that kill viruses. Hepatitis A and parvovirus can still sometimes be transmitted when using clotting factors made from donated blood (fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or a donated factor concentrate). These viruses are difficult to detect and destroy because of their molecular structure.

    • Children are more likely to develop antibodies (inhibitors) to clotting factors than adults.

    • Injecting clotting factors regularly is expensive, but it is effective in preventing joint damage. Because clotting factor must be injected into a vein every few days, it may be difficult to stay on schedule with the injections.
    Treatment For People With Inhibitors: Sometimes a person's body develops antibodies to the injected clotting factor called inhibitors. When this occurs, specially engineered replacement clotting factors may be required. It can be difficult to treat a person with hemophilia who has inhibitors to the clotting factor. Some people produce few inhibitors; others produce many. Managing hemophilia in people who develop inhibitors depends on the amount of inhibitors produced. A person who produces antibodies (inhibitors) that react with clotting factors can be treated with:
    • Factor Bypassing Agents: These clotting factors are used to skip the part of the clotting process that requires either clotting factor VIII or IX. This treatment is unpredictable, and it is hard to determine the correct dose. There is also a slight risk of heart attack or developing blood clots.

    • A regimen that allows the body to get used to the clotting factor so that it will not produce as many or any inhibitors. This is done by giving large amounts of clotting factors daily over an extended period of time (1 to 3 years). During the first part of the treatment, a person will get a factor bypassing agent along with the regular clotting factors to ensure that any injury will heal. Once the body starts getting used to the clotting factor, the bypassing agent is no longer needed. This method is very expensive and prolonged.

    • Suppression of the body's natural defense system. Inhibitors are produced by the body's natural defense system (immune system). The body thinks that the replacement clotting factors do not belong in the body, so it creates antibodies (inhibitors) to get rid of them. Drugs are used to suppress the immune system so it will not create any inhibitors. Combinations with other drugs can make the inhibitors nonfunctional. It is a complicated treatment and requires special equipment.
    In addition to the treatments above, those who produce few inhibitors in reaction to clotting factors can be treated with:
    • Large doses of the clotting factor, which can overwhelm the inhibitors.

    • Factors taken from pig plasma (porcine factors). People with a lot of inhibitors who do not respond to human clotting factors often respond well to porcine factors.

    • A new clotting factor product (NovoSeven) that is produced in a lab. Since it is man-made and does not come from human blood products, there are no risks of getting viral infections when it is injected.

    • People who produce many inhibitors may also be treated by reducing or neutralizing the inhibitors in the body. This is done by pumping blood through a machine that removes or neutralizes the inhibitors (plasmapheresis). This process only works temporarily and is used before a surgery or after a major injury. It is expensive and complicated and takes a long time.
    Gene Replacement Therapy For Hemophilia: Researchers are working on a possible cure for hemophilia. Gene therapy may hold the key to curing hemophilia, but it has yet to be tried in humans. Studies in laboratory and experimental animals seem to show that the technique can work. Ongoing studies using a retrovirus as a "genetic bullet" to replace the hemophiliacs' defective clotting gene show promise for eventually curing this disease. It is hoped that gene replacement therapy will someday allow defective genes to produce clotting factors.

    ***Gene replacement therapy for hemophilia UPDATE: Researchers have succeeded in developing genes that, when given to lab animals, cause the animals' bodies to produce clotting factors for a short time (2 to 3 weeks). These researchers are currently working on a method that enables the human body to produce clotting factors for a longer period of time. Trials of gene therapy in humans are now under way.

    Surgery: There is no surgical treatment for hemophilia. However, the complications of hemophilia, such as compartment syndrome or bleeding around the brain, may require surgery. Blood-clotting factor replacement is needed before, during, and after any surgical procedure, including some dental procedures. A person with mild hemophilia may be given an antifibrinolytic agent or desmopressin acetate before dental procedures. Clotting factors, antifibrinolytic agents, fibrin glue, and possibly desmopressin acetate are usually used in combination to control bleeding in the mouth.

    HELPFUL RESOURCES

    National Hemophilia Foundation (NHF)
    116 W. 32nd Street, 11th Floor
    New York, NY 10001
    Phone: (212) 328-3700
    Phone: 1-800-42-HANDI (1-800-424-2634)
    Fax: (212) 328-3777
    E-mail: HANDI@hemophilia.org
    Web Address: http://www.hemophilia.org

    The National Hemophilia Foundation (NHF) is dedicated to the cures of inherited bleeding disorders and the prevention and treatment of their complications through education, advocacy, and research. The NHF has chapters throughout the country and a communications network that brings health professionals and the public the latest news about bleeding disorders. NHF's Web site provides information on the nature, symptoms, and treatments of many disorders.

    World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH)
    1425 Rene Levesque Boulevard West
    Montreal, Quebec H3G 1T7 Canada
    Phone: (514) 875-7944
    Fax: (514) 875-8916
    E-mail: wfh@wfh.org
    Web Address: http://www.wfh.org

    The World Federation of Hemophilia works to introduce, improve, and maintain care for people with hemophilia and related bleeding disorders around the world. The WFH provides various health care development programs and publications. The Web site provides general information on the disease, as well as research updates. Links to other organizations and further research resources are also listed.

    HEMOPHILIA HOME TREATMENT

    Home treatment for hemophilia includes learning how to recognize when bleeding has started, administering clotting factors, eating well, and exercising regularly. Learning how to care for yourself or a child with hemophilia at home can lead to a better quality of life. There are many steps you can take to improve your health and prevent bleeding episodes.
    • Maintain proper body weight. If you are overweight, the additional stress on joints can trigger bleeding episodes.
    • Exercise with care.
    • Monitor your non-prescription medications.
    • Preventing injuries and accidents around your home is also an important part of managing your hemophilia.
    Exercise For Hemophilia: People with hemophilia can help prevent bleeding episodes by choosing appropriate exercises that keep muscles and joints in good shape. Exercise helps keep muscles flexible and strong and helps control weight, lessening the likelihood of a bleeding episode. Before you or a child is allowed to participate in any sport, the family needs to have learned how to administer clotting factors at home. Injuries can then be treated quickly. The sooner a bleeding episode is treated, the less damage bleeding will do to muscles and joints.

    People with hemophilia need to be careful when participating in certain activities in order to prevent injury and serious bleeding. Stretching and warming up with a few minutes of gentle exercise are important; muscles will be less likely to be pulled or torn and therefore less likely to bleed.

    Sports and activities that are recommended for adults and children with hemophilia include:
    • Swimming.
    • Bicycling.
    • Walking.
    Sports that are possible but carry an increased risk of bleeding include:
    • Baseball.
    • Tennis.
    • Basketball.
    Sports that are not recommended for people with hemophilia include:
    • Football.
    • Hockey.
    • Weight lifting (with heavy weights).
    • Wrestling.
    Monitor Your Non-Prescription Medications: People with hemophilia often take non-prescription medications to relieve pain caused by bleeding into the muscles and joints. Pain is a common problem, and it is necessary to try to control it carefully. Health care providers recommend acetaminophen for pain relief in people with hemophilia. Although acetaminophen does not reduce swelling, it is safer than other medications. Aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as Aleve, Orudis KT, and Actron) can cause bleeding in the stomach or intestines, interfere with blood clotting, and affect the function of the cells that initially plug a wound (platelets). Acetaminophen does not have these side effects.

    Drugs that people with hemophilia should NOT take include the following:
    • Aspirin.
    • Ibuprofen (such as Advil, Motrin IB).
    • Drugs that contain the ingredient salicylate. This ingredient is closely related to aspirin. (Alka-Seltzer, Pepto-Bismol, and many cough medicines have salicylates.)
    • Other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as Aleve, Orudis KT, Actron). These drugs are designed to reduce swelling and reduce pain.
    Preventing Common Injuries In The Home: Preventing injuries and accidents around your home is also an important part of managing your hemophilia.

    You can help prevent falls in the home by:
    • Remove and repair household hazards that can cause falls.
    • Avoid slippery floors. Use non-skid floor wax, and wipe up spills immediately.
    • Avoid poor lighting. Add extra lighting to poorly lighted areas.
    • Avoid cluttered walkways. Rearrange furniture to keep furniture out of walking paths.
    • Avoid throw rugs. Fasten area carpets to the floor with tape or tacks, and do not use throw rugs.
    • Avoid raised doorway thresholds. Level off any raised doorway thresholds to prevent tripping and falls.
    • Use caution when using electrical cords. Rearrange electrical cords to keep electrical cords out of walking paths.
    • Keep furniture or other items that have sharp edges away from normal pathways through your house.
    • Remove coffee tables.
    • Pad the rocks around fireplaces.
    • Take precautions when going outdoors.
    • Walk on the grass when the sidewalks are slippery.
    • If you live in an area that gets snow and ice in the winter, sprinkle salt or cat litter on slippery steps and sidewalks.
    • Check the condition of your shoes on a regular basis.
    • Check the heels and soles of your shoes for wear.
    • Repair or replace worn heels or soles.
    • Wear low-heeled shoes that fit well and give your feet good support.
    • Loose-fitting shoes can cause you to lose you balance and fall. Wear slippers or shoes with non-skid soles.
    Recognizing Bleeding Episodes: In addition, you should know how to recognize bleeding episodes so that if an injury or spontaneous bleeding occurs, you can start treatment immediately.

    Maintain Alertness: Be alert for early warning signs of internal bleeding, including a bubbling or tingling sensation or a feeling of warmth, tightness, or stiffness in the affected area. A blow to the head, headache, confusion, drowsiness, or other evidence of neurological impairment may signal intracranial bleeding.

    If you care for an infant or toddler with hemophilia, be alert for signs of joint or muscle pain caused by internal bleeding. The child may cry for no apparent reason, refuse to use an arm or leg, refuse to walk, or have swelling or excessive bleeding. If you suspect internal bleeding, seek treatment immediately.

    Adults and older children with hemophilia will learn with experience what internal bleeding feels like. During the early stages, a warmth, tightness, or stiffness in the affected area and/or bubbling or tingling sensation, called an aura, is often felt. Bleeding is usually recognized before there is any physical evidence. A blow to the head, headache, confusion, drowsiness, or other evidence of neurological impairment may signal intracranial bleeding. It is important to begin infusion with clotting factors as soon as possible once a bleeding episode has started, before any physical signs develop.

    Home Infusion of Clotting Factors For Hemophilia: Treatment for hemophilia consists of intravenous infusions of the missing clotting factor. This is now usually done at home. You may also be able to infuse blood-clotting factors at home to treat hemophilia. This option should be discussed with your health care provider. How much anti-hemophilic factor an individual needs and when depends on the severity of his disease.

    Adults with hemophilia and parents of children with hemophilia can learn to inject (infuse) replacement clotting factors. Children may also be taught to infuse themselves with clotting factors by age 10. Younger children and those who have developed antibodies (inhibitors) may not be able to infuse themselves.

    Being able to infuse at home will speed treatment and prevent much of the damage bleeding can cause to muscles and joints. Clotting factor comes from donated blood or is produced in a lab (using recombinant DNA technology).

    People with moderate or mild hemophilia may only need to infuse clotting factors on demand after an injury or before participating in an activity that may cause an injury. People with severe hemophilia may also choose to regularly schedule clotting replacement therapy, which is the infusion of clotting factors on a regular basis in order to prevent bleeding episodes from occurring.

    Gene therapy may hold the key to curing hemophilia, although the factor VIII gene is extremely complex, and it may be some time before scientists are able to replace these defective genes in people with hemophilia.

    OTC HELPFUL PRODUCTS: BLOOD STOP PRODUCT INFORMATION

    Indications: BloodSTOP & BloodSTOP IX Hemostatic Gauze can be used on anyone who is bleeding whether they are bleeding because of a minor cut or a major surgery. It is commonly used in a wide variety of settings including home first aid kits, school athletic fields, emergency responders' kits, veterinary offices, surgery rooms, dental offices, ob/gyn offices, and battlefields.

    Ingredients: 100% Natural Fiber Cellulose

    Directions: Clean the wound, then apply BloodSTOP with gentle pressure for a few seconds. Keep BloodSTOP moist with water or petroleum jelly. Additional BloodSTOP may be applied if necessary. Once bleeding stops, remove BloodSTOP by saturating with water and gently wiping BloodSTOP away from the clotted surface.

    BRUISING FIRST AID RECOMMENDATIONS

    The following first aid measures may help decrease pain and swelling and promote healing of bruises caused by injuries. For the first 24 to 48 hours after an injury follow R.I.C.E. Guidelines:
    • REST: If you have sustained a bruise, it is important to stop what you are doing and rest in order to reduce the blood flow to the tissue and keep the bruising and swelling to a minimum.

    • ICE: To minimize bruising, as soon as possible after an injury, apply ice or cold packs to your bruised area for 15 to 30 minutes. This stops the bleeding by constricting the blood vessels. If the bruise is severe, you may wish to further treat the injured area with an ice pack every 2 to 3 waking hours for a 24 to 48 hours, and then switch to 15 minutes of heat 3 times per day. Ice helps to relieve pain and reduce swelling and inflammation. Keep a thin cloth (damp or dry) between your skin and the cold pack. Do not fall asleep with ice on your skin.

    • COMPRESSION: Compression using elastic bandages to compress blood vessels and tissue to reduce bleeding and relieve pain. If there are no broken bones or open wounds, apply a bandage to the affected area. Wrapping the bruised area with an elastic bandage might prevent vessels from leaking as much blood and minimize the severity of swelling. Remove or loosen the wrap if you develop signs that it is too tight, such as numbness, tingling, increased pain, swelling, or cool skin below the wrap.

    • ELEVATION: The injured area should also be elevated above the heart level, if possible to allow blood to flow away from the injured area and minimize the bruise. If your bruise is on an arm or leg, try elevating the bruised area higher than your heart. You can set a hand, foot, arm, or leg on pillows while you apply ice and any time you sit or lie down. This will help to keep swelling to a minimum and may help prevent the bruise from moving down your arm or leg.
    After the first 48 hours, apply a warm washcloth to your bruise for 10 minutes, 3 times a day. This will help blood blow to the area and speed up healing.

    MAKING OR OBTAINING AN ICE PACK

  • You can make an ice pack by filling a plastic bag with ice cubes and then wrapping a damp towel around it. Make a cold compress by soaking a cloth in cold water. Or you can buy ice packs that contain special gels and keep them in the freezer. Do not cover the ice pack with an extra towel, since it will create insulation and reduce the cooling effect.

  • If you have a bruise in an area of the body that requires a moldable ice pack, fill a plastic bag or a rubber surgical glove with a solution of 2 parts water and 1 part rubbing alcohol and put it in the freezer. The bag will be pliable and conform to your body, and it will not "sweat" like most ice packs do. This would be an ideal ice pack for a black eye. Another excellent moldable ice pack for the eye, or any other injured area, is a bag of frozen peas. They conform to any injured area and can be used over and over again. Be sure to set the bag of peas aside for use as an ice pack only; you should not consume the peas after they have been thawed and refrozen. You can take a permanent marker and write "Ice Pack" across the bag to keep it separate from your other bags of frozen vegetables.

  • OTHER HELPFUL SUGGESTIONS

  • Witch Hazel, an astringent herb often used in the treatment of varicose veins, may help heal damaged veins. An ointment made from witch hazel leaves can be applied to the skin to treat bruises and cuts. It may help tighten stretched (distended) veins and restore vessel tone, decrease inflammation, and decrease bleeding. Witch Hazel is recommended for external use only. Do not a take it by mouth (internally). It can cause nausea, vomiting, constipation and, possibly fecal impactions.

  • Rub a sterile cotton ball soaked with distilled Witch Hazel on the injury to stop the swelling.

  • To reduce discoloration and soreness, try applying shredded raw Potato directly to the injury for about an hour.

  • The leaves of the Arnica plant may be used in an ointment and can be applied to the skin to treat bruises. It may improve healing by decreasing swelling, decreasing pain, and speed up blood reabsorption. Arnica is recommended for external use only. Do not put arnica inside your mouth or swallow it. The plant can be poisonous, and if swallowed, it can cause stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, difficulty breathing, cardiac arrest, and death. Stop using arnica if a skin rash develops.

  • Avoid activities that might increase swelling such as taking hot showers, using hot tubs, hot packs, and drinking alcohol. During the first 48 hours, these things may actually increase bruising and swelling. Stop smoking since smoking may delay healing because it interferes with blood supply and collagen metabolism.

  • To reduce the pain, swelling, and discoloration of a black eye, immediately apply cold compresses and an ice pack to the injury. Unfortunately, if the discoloration has set in before the ice bag has been applied, there will be little hope of lightening the bruise.

  • Bruising that is accompanied by swollen and/or bleeding gums can be an indication of a deficiency in Vitamin C, Folic Acid, or Riboflavin (Vitamin B-2).

  • Studies show that people with Vitamin C deficiencies bruise more easily than others, probably because their blood vessels are generally weaker. Increase your vitamin C intake as outlined under Nutrient Supplements. Other studies have shown that Vitamin C can actually reduce the time it takes for the discoloration to fade.

  • If you want to hide a bruise while it is healing, consult a cosmetic counter in a major department store. Since bruises are often blue and red, applying yellow-tinted cover-up makeup may give the bruise a more neutral appearance.

  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Bruising


    Extra Tip - To accelerate the healing process, take at least 5,000 mg of vitamin C at the first sign of a bruise. Studies show that people with vitamin C deficiency bruise more easily because their blood vessels are weaker. Vitamins A and E also help to heal bruises.





    HERBAL RECOMMENDATIONS

    Note: Herbal recommendations are not meant to replace conventional medical treatment for hemophilia or any other bleeding disorder, but only as a blood-clotting support and blood vessel health recommendations.

  • Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a good, rich, natural source of Vitamin K and Chorophyll along with other vitamins, minerals, and protein which supports a healthy colon. Alfalfa can be taken in tablet form, eaten in a natural form, such as alfalfa sprouts, or in liquid form as a concentrated liquid nutritional supplement used to deliver excellent health benefits. Chlorophyll is a unique substance found in all green plants and is sometimes called the blood of plant life. Identified as sodium-copper chlorophyllin, this water soluble extract is derived exclusively from alfalfa through a natural process. Alfalfa is useful to generate energy and endurance; a tonic for the whole body, due to its highly nutritive value. Alfalfa Powder is a supplement which can be blended into vegetable juices or used in baking or in vegetarian dishes. It is 20-percent protein and 15-percent fiber; plus it contains 16 amino acids, 13 trace minerals and 13 vitamins. Alfalfa Powder is a whole food supplement highly valued for its nutrition.

  • Arnica Montana relieves pain, swelling, stiffness, bruising in a pain relieving gel, cream, or lotion containing Arnica Tincture for the relief of the after-effects of falls, blows, bumps, bruises, sprains, sports injuries, over-exercising, overexertion, and more.

  • Nettle herb is wild harvested, gently dried and ground to a usable form and encapsulated. Nettle can also be taken as a herbal tea along with capsules. Nettle herb contains no chemicals, additives or artificial coloring. Nettle is a good source of iron and vitamin K.

  • FOR TREATING BRUISING

  • Crush Plantain leaves and squeeze out the juice. Apply the extract directly to the sting. Within 30 minutes the pain and swelling should be greatly reduced. Make a plantain poultice by crushing and mashing fresh leaves by hand, using a mortar and pestle, food processor or in a blender with just enough water to turn them into a mushy pulp. Apply the mushy leaved directly on the wound area and wrap with gauze. Keep it there for at least 30 minutes, but can be left on longer (overnight), if desired. This is good for all kinds of wounds, bruising, stings, blood blisters and skin sores and irritations. Fresh Comfrey leaves can also be added with Plantain to make a beneficial poultice. Replace old herbal poultice mash with freshly made as needed to help speed healing.

  • Freshly picked Comfrey leaves, smashed into a pulp using a pestle and mortar, and applied to the fresh bruise as a poultice then wrapped with a gauze wrap will help rapid healing. Fresh Plantain leaves (a common garden weed), smashed into a pulp using a pestle and mortar, can also be applied to a fresh bruise as a poultice. Both of these herbs, when used together, have great healing properties, often reducing or preventing bruising from a fresh injury when applied immediately after the injury occurs.


  • COMFREY SALVE

    1/4 cup of Lanolin
    2 tablespoons of Olive Oil
    4 teaspoons of Comfrey Tincture or Powder

    Mix together and apply to bruises 3 to 4 times daily.

    comfrey salve


  • Witch Hazel is an astringent herb that can be taken internally for diarrhea and hemorrhage. As an extract, it can be applied externally to help swollen blood vessels (hemorrhoids and varicose veins). Make a Witch Hazel compress by moistening a clean cloth using several drops of Witch Hazel extract or Witch Hazel tea and apply it to the bruise several times daily.

  • Cornflower, Buchu, and Comfrey Root have all been known to reduce the swelling, pain, and discoloration of bruising in some people. Make a tea from them and place a terry cloth towel that has been soaked in the tea over the bruised area for 20 minutes at a time, 2 or 3 times daily.

  • An ointment made by adding 1 part ground Cayenne Pepper to 5 parts melted base (such as Vaseline or a natural Herbal Butter). The Cayenne and Vaseline mixture has been used successfully in China and Taiwan for treating bruises. Mix the combination well and cool. Apply it once every 1 or 2 days.

  • Arnica Tincture can be made by pouring 2 cups of 100 to 140 proof alcohol (vodka works well) over 1/4 cup of Arnica blossoms and steep for 10 to 12 days, shaking daily. Strain and store in a dark bottle. Dilute 1 tablespoon of tincture to 4 tablespoons of water, soak a cloth in it and apply to bruises 3 times daily. Commercially prepared Arnica Tincture is available for purchase (see link above).

  • calendula compress

    CALENDULA COMPRESS


    Pour 1 cup of boiling water over Calendula Flowers, steep 15 minutes, strain and cool. Soak a clean cloth in the mixture, and place it on affected areas 3 to 4 times daily with clean cloths.

  • Witch Hazel compress. Moisten a clean cloth using several drops of Witch Hazel Extract or Witch Hazel Tea and apply it to the bruise several times daily.

  • Dandelion and Yellow Dock are good sources of iron.

  • Oregano Essential Oil, applied topically, has had some positive effects on healing bruises.

  • Fresh Parsley leaves, crushed and applied directly to the bruise, are known to ease discoloration within a few days.

  • Wild Pansy (Violet; Viola tricolor) can be applied externally to treat a bruise.

  • Other beneficial herbs include Bilberry, Black Walnut, Garlic extract, Horsetail, and Rose Hips (which are very high in vitamin C).

  • making comfrey salve


    MoonDragon's Herbal Ointments: Healing Wound Salve Recipes
    MoonDragon's Herbal Ointments Index

    HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES

    Consult a homeopathic practitioner for therapeutic dosages.

  • Arnica Montana is used for bruises, especially those around the eyes, that are painful and have a bluish red discoloration.
  • Ruta Graveolens for bruises to the membranes that cover bones, such as the kneecap.
  • Ledum for painful, swollen bruises that feel cold and numb to the touch.
  • Hypericum for bruises with broken skin.

  • ESSENTIAL OILS

  • The essential oils of Yarrow, Helichrysum, Lavender and Hyssop accelerate healing and help reduce inflammation. Soak a clean cloth in cool water, and apply 4 drops of one of the essential oils. Put the compress on the bruise for 10 minutes, 1 to 2 times daily.

  • An essential oil blend used for bumps and bruises can be used to massage into the skin or held onto the injury with a cloth. It will help reduce swelling and bruising. The swelling and unsightly bruising that comes after a bump or fall can almost be worse than the pain of the original impact. When moments like this happen it is important to act relatively quickly. The sooner you address bruising and swelling, the shorter the duration will be. You can also speed up the healing process by applying ice to the bruise. This blend oil is a great one to have stored in the medicine cabinet, as bumps happen all the time - it's great to have a natural treatment at the ready! Ingredients include unrefined Grapeseed Oil, and an essential oil blend of Lavender Essential Oil, Geranium Essential Oil, & Black Pepper Essential Oil.





  • DIET & NUTRITION RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Eat a healthy diet of fresh, uncooked foods to help reduce bruising problems. People who do not get enough of these can be more prone to bruising.

  • Be sure to consume enough Vitamin C and Iron in your diet. Eat a diet rich in Vitamin B Complex, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and K, and Bioflavonoids. Plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and so on.

  • Eat a diet high in Vitamin K. Foods that contain a measurable amount of this vitamin are Alfalfa, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Egg Yolks, Kale, Liver, Spinach, and all Green Leafy vegetables.

  • Barley Grass, Wheatgrass, and Spirulina are also good sources of Vitamin K, which is necessary for blood clotting and healing.

  • Green Drinks made from the vegetables listed above are very beneficial and healthful. Barley Grass and Wheatgrass are used as green foods. Drink one of these a day for Vitamin K and other essential clotting factors. See Juicing for more information.

  • Multivitamin and Multimineral supplement without added iron supplies needed dietary vitamins and minerals that play many important roles in the body such as antioxidants to protect fats, cells, and DNA, coenzyme precursors for energy production and metabolism, and cofactors for hormones and enzymes which regulate body processes. Alive multi-vitamin with mineral is better absorbed into your blood stream because its tablets disintegrate up to 5X faster than other leading brands. No other supplement contains more life-giving nutrients than Alive, which is just the way it will make you feel.

  • Calcium and Magnesium in an easy to assimilate liquid can help with the development of strong bones and teeth, also prevents muscle cramping, risk of colon cancer, maintain regular heart beat, protects against osteoporosis and helps relax the central nervous system. Calcium and magnesium are essential for blood clotting.

  • MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) with Vitamin C offers support for allergies, connective tissue, joint flexibility, immune function, arthritis, osteoporosis, digestive disorders, circulation, bruising, carpal tunnel syndrome, and antioxidant protection.

  • Vitamin B-Complex with Vitamin B-12 helps to maintain a healthy nervous system, and helps in the prevention of pernicious anemia. Folic Acid should be taken by all females of child bearing age to help prevent neuro-tube birth defects. Folic acid is also linked to heart health. B-Vitamins work best when taken together.

  • Try taking Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids if you find you are bruising very easily, as a deficiency in these often causes easy or unexplained bruising.

  • Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids provides antioxidant protection for many of the body's important enzyme systems. Vitamin C with Rosehips offers a rich whole plant source of vitamin C and provides antioxidant protection for many of the body's important enzyme systems. Ester C with Bioflavonoids offers enhanced Retention. Ester-C is 100% natural Vitamin C (Calcium Ascorbate) with enhanced cellular uptake and retention.

  • Eat plenty of products rich in Zinc, such as chicken, eggs, Soybeans, and Wheat Germ. Zinc is important for strengthening blood vessel walls and aids in blood clotting.

  • Include Garlic and Onions in your diet. These foods contain Quercetin and Mustard oils, which have been shown to inhibit lipoxygenase, an enzyme that aids in releasing an inflammatory chemical in the body. Garlic is also a natural antibiotic.

  • Drink plenty of fluids. Pure water, herbal teas, and soups are all good choices.


  • citrus fruits and vitamin C

    THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRIENTS


    Vitamin deficiencies may be a cause of frequent bruising. Vitamin C and bioflavonoids are especially crucial. They build tissue around the blood vessels, strengthen capillary walls and supply oxygen to injured cells. Vitamin K helps to promote blood clotting; vitamins B and Vitamin D help to protect the skin tissue.


    NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

    The following nutrients are important for healing once appropriate local treatment has been administered. Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.

    NUTRIENTS
    Supplement
    Suggested Dosage
    Comments
    Important
    Calcium
    And
    Magnesium
    Calcium: 1,500 mg daily.
    Magnesium: 1,000 mg daily.
    Calcium is essential for blood clotting, provides energy and maintains proper cell membrane permeability, and helps keep skin healthy. Magnesium is needed to balance with calcium, protects arteries from stress, is involved in blood clotting.

  • Calcium Supplement Products
  • Magnesium Supplement Products
  • Raw Liver Glandular Extract
    Oral supplement, as directed on label. Liver Extract injections: 1 cc once weekly or as prescribed by health care provider. Contains/ vital nutrients for blood clotting.

  • Liver Glandular Supplement Products
  • Desiccated Liver Supplement Products
  • Multivitamin
    And
    Multimineral
    With
    Zinc
    As directed on label. Provides necessary vitamins and minerals. Needed to strengthen skin and reduce bruising.

  • Multivitamin Supplement Products
  • Multimineral Supplement Products
  • Zinc Supplement Products
  • Zinc
    75 mg daily.
    Lozenges: One 15 mg lozenge 5 times daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements.
    Needed for repair of all tissues.

  • Zinc Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-Complex
    As directed on label. Amounts individual vitamins in a complex will vary. All B-vitamins are essential in blood formation and clotting. Aids in protecting the tissues.

  • Vitamin B-Complex Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-3
    (Niacin / Niacinamide)
    50 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 200 mg daily of Niacin if you have a history of rheumatic heart diesease or other valvular heart disease. All B-vitamins are essential in blood formation and clotting. B-Vitamins work best when taken together. Caution: Do not take Niacin if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure. Niacinamide is safer at higher doses without flushing side effects.

  • Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin C
    With
    Bioflavonoids
    3,000 to 10,000 mg daily, in divided dosages. Important in normal blood coagulation. Helps to prevent bruising by supplying oxygen to the injured cells and strengthening capillary walls.

  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Vitamin D
    400 to 800 IU daily. Needed for normal blood clotting, works with calcium and magnesium to protect bones from osteoporosis, immunity, proper cell membrane permeability, and helps to keep skin healthy.

  • Vitamin D Supplement Products
  • Vitamin K
    Or
    Alfalfa
    Vitamin K: 300 mcg daily. Essential in blood clotting mechanism and healing. See Herbs above.

  • Vitamin K Supplement Products
  • Alfalfa Herbal Supplement Products
  • Chlorophyll Supplement Products
  • Green Foods Supplement Products
  • Chlorella Supplement Products





  • NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER

    You or your child has one or more of the following symptoms:
    • Easy bruising.
    • A wound that does not stop bleeding easily or continues to ooze blood.
    • Limited motion or obvious swelling in a limb.
    If you know your child has hemophilia:
    • Immediate treatment is needed for head injuries because they are very dangerous. Take your child to the nearest hospital emergency room when a head injury occurs. If you are trained in treating hemophilia and have the supplies, begin infusions first.
    • Call a hematologist for other types of injuries if you are unsure whether treatment is necessary.

    Watchful Waiting: Most people with hemophilia become skilled at recognizing early signs of bleeding. Work with your health professional to develop a plan describing what to do if you or your child has a bleeding episode. This will allow you to start treatment immediately once a bleeding episode is suspected.

    A child with hemophilia who is injured should be treated to prevent long-term damage to muscles and joints.

    If you have hemophilia, inform your health professionals and people you see often, such as co-workers and close friends. Likewise, people who care for your child, such as school officials or day care staff, should be aware if he or she has hemophilia.

    The following health professionals can help diagnose hemophilia:
    • Family practice physician.
    • Pediatrician.
    After you or your child is diagnosed with hemophilia, one of the following health care providers can help you develop a treatment plan or provide urgent care:
    • Hematologist (blood specialist).
    • Emergency room practitioner when bleeding is severe or a child has had a head injury.
    HELPFUL RELATED LINKS

    WebMD: Hemophilia Medications
    AHF Home Page
    HemophiliaOne.com Home Page
    National Hemophilia Foundation
    World Federation of Hemophilia
    Hemophilia Galaxy Home Page
    Hemophilia Ontario, Canada
    Hemophilia Village
    Hemophilia Health Services
    Hemophilia Federation of America
    Canadian Hemophilia Society
    New England Hemophilia Association, Dedham, MA





    BRUISING SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS

    Information, products and supplements to help with healing bruising and to control bleeding. Hemophilia is a rare disease that prevents the blood from clotting normally. These products are meant to supplement the diet and relieve bruising problems, not take the place of standard medical care for hemophilia.

    BRUISING SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

  • Alive Multi-Nutrient Products
  • Arnica Herbal Supplement Products
  • Blood-Stop Hemostatic Products
  • Bruise Relief Supplement Products

  • Hypericum Homeopathic Products
  • Ledum Homeopathic Products
  • Ruta Graveolens Homeopathic Products



  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS


    FTC Advertising & Affilate Disclosure: This website has an affiliate relationship with certain merchants selling products and we recieve commissions from those sales to help support this website. Any products listed here are not listed by any rating system. We do not rate any product or post any feedback about products listed here. We leave this to the individual merchants to provide. We do not provide product prices or shopping carts since you do not order these products directly from us, but from the merchant providing the products. We only provide the link to that merchant webpage with all related product information and pricing. The products are listed here by merchant, product use, quantity size or volume, and for nutritional supplements - dosage per unit. All product descriptions are provided by the merchant or manufacturer and are not our descriptive review of the product. We do not endorse any specific product or attest to its effectiveness to treat any health condition or support nutritional requirements for any individual.


    ARNICA MONTANA HERBAL & HOMEOPATHIC PRODUCTS

    Arnica Montana is used primarily to relieve the after-effects of falls, blows, bruising, sports injuries and overexertion. It is available for external use as massage oil, tincture-extracts, creams and lotions as well as homeopathic tabs to be taken internally. Externally arnica is used in the form of an infusion, a fomentation, or diluted tincture of the flowers, both to prevent and discuss local inflammations, to remove ecchymosis, and as a dressing for cuts, lacerations, contusions, etc.


    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica Flowers (Arnica Montana), Whole, Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica Herbal Oil, Certified Organic Herbal Oils
    Made from fresh certified organic Arnica flowers (Arnica montana), infused in certified organic Olive Oil.A specific external treatment for physical trauma, sprains, bruising and other injuries. Use immediately after strenuous exertion or injury to prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. Absorbs well, and soothing to the skin.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica & St. John's Massage Oil, Herbal Massage Oils
    An excellent muscle massage oil based on the ever popular and highly effective Injur-Heal oil. Suitable for use on bruises, strains, general aches, and after strenuous exercise. A wonderful way to treat your sore and exhausted body, and is best reserved for times of "severe need". Contains: Organic Olive oil, organic Sweet Almond oil, Arnica oil, St. John's wort flower oil, organic Calendula oil, Vitamin E oil, and organic Lavender essential oil.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Injur-Heal Herbal Oil, Herbal Oils
    Truly the most fabulous oils of all! Our favorite external treatment for bruises, bumps, aches, pains and strains. A perfect remedy for exhausted sports-bodies and hikers, this anti-traumatic oil can be used immediately after strenuous exercise, exertion, or injury to help prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. A concentrated oil, just rub a little on and feel the difference. Contains: Fresh hand picked St. John's Wort flowers, organic Arnica flowers, organic Calendula flowers, organic Olive oil and organic Lavender essential oil.


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Arnica Flower Whole, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Seasons of the Soul, Arnica Alleve Oil, By FES, 2 fl. oz.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Arnica Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (2255)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz. (32209)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Relief, NatraBio, 60 Tabs (70813)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana 6X, Hyland, 250 Tabs (15733)
    HerbsPro: Arnica 30X, Hylands, 50 Tabs (78347)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana 30X, Hyland, 250 Tabs (15732)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana 30X, Boericke & Tafel, 250 Tabs (14342)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Clikpak 30C, Nelson Homeopathic Products, 84 Pills (36155)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana, Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics, 30 C, 100 Tabs (14340)
    Arnica Montana 30C 100 Tablet by Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics is a homeopathic anti-inflammatory that may be used for traumatic injury, bruises, strained joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, tensive backache, concussion, stroke, heart strain and for reducing pain and bleeding after surgery.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana, Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics, 30 C, 250 Tabs (14341)
    Arnica Montana 30C 100 Tablet by Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics is a homeopathic anti-inflammatory that may be used for traumatic injury, bruises, strained joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, tensive backache, concussion, stroke, heart strain and for reducing pain and bleeding after surgery.
    HerbsPro: Backache With Arnica, Hylands, 100 Tabs (15826)
    Hyland's Low Back Pain Tablets is a traditional formula for the relief symptoms of pains in the lower bac, pain due to strain, overexertion, cold or exposure. Hyland's Low Back Formula with Arnica is all-natural and effective for any age. It contains Arnica Montana, which is the most commonly used homeopathic medicine for the relief of muscular pain. Working without contraindications or side effects, Hyland's Low Back Formula stimulates your body's natural healing response to relieve symptoms.
    HerbsPro: Children's Bumps N Bruises With Arnica, Hylands, 125 Tabs (15752)
    HerbsPro: Children's Bumps N Bruises Ointment With Arnica Oil, Hylands, 0.26 oz. (35082)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Cooling Gel, Nelson Homeopathic Products, 30 Grams (71285)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Cream, Nelson Homeopathic Products, 50 Grams, (35356)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Ointment, Heel Inc, 50 Grams (88747)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Lotion Spray, Hylands, 1 oz. (15734)
    Arnica Spray is a soothing lotion for external use on bruises, strains, rheumatism, and sore strained joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Contains 10% extract of arnica montana flowers. Apply spray on affected area as needed.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Cream, Nelson Homeopathic Products, 1 fl. oz. (18189)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Ointment, Hylands, 1 fl. oz. (38554)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (32366)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Eclectic Institute Inc, 1 fl. oz. (2207)
    HerbsPro: The Rub Arnica Cream, NatraBio, 2 oz. (16462)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Cream, Boiron, 2.5 oz.
    Arnica Cream for muscle aches, stiffness and bruises. Non greasy texture. Great for massaging sore muscles. Boiron Arnica Cream has a smooth texture and Boiron Arnica Cream is also suitable for use on the face. Arnica montana is a mountain plant (leopard's bane) found in the Northwest part of the United States as well as Central Europe. Generations of athletes, trainers and parents have long enjoyed the relief that Arnica provides. For homeopathic relief of muscle aches and stiffness due to minor injuries, overexertion, falls and blows. Reduces pain, swelling and discoloration from bruises.
    HerbsPro: Arniflora Arnica Gel, Muscle Stiffness & Pain, Boericke & Tafel, 2.75 fl. oz.
    Arnica (Arnica Montana) is a homeopathic anti-inflammatory that may be used for traumatic injury, bruises, strained joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, tensive backache, concussion, stroke, heart strain and for reducing pain and bleeding after surgery.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Muscle Therapy Gel, Hylands, 3 oz. (78345)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Massage Oil, Weleda, 3.4 fl. oz. (20132)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Lotion Spray, Hylands, 4 oz. (15735)
    Arnica Spray is a soothing lotion for external use on bruises, strains, rheumatism, and sore strained joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Contains 10% extract of arnica montana flowers. Apply spray on affected area as needed.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz. (32367)
    HerbsPro: The Rub Arnica Cream, NatraBio, 4 oz. (35120)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Gel, Roberts Research Labs, 7.5 oz. (50945)
    Arnica Montana is a mountain plant found in Northwest region of the U.S. It is indicated as a superb homeopathic therapy for muscle soreness and bruises by speeding up the bodyís natural healing process. Arnica Care Gel is non-greasy, fragrance free and quickly absorbed by the skin. No burn, no chill.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, NOW Foods, 8 fl. oz. (71708)
    Arnica Warming Relief Massage Oil captures the soothing essence of Arnica to provide immediate warmth and relief to tired, overworked muscles. Set in a base of antioxidant-rich Olive Oil, this deep-penetrating massage oil contains potent Arnica, in addition to a perfectly arranged collection of essential oils and other natural extracts.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica Montana), Starwest Botanicals, 4 oz: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica chamissonis), Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica Montana), Kalyx, 5 lbs: G
    Kalyx: Arnica Tincture-Extract (Arnica montana), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz: HH
    Kalyx: Arnica Tincture-Extract (Arnica montana), Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.: HH
    Arnica is used for soreness in the small of the back, lame back, general weakness of the muscles of the back, with soreness prevailing, sickening backache in the region of the kidneys, are all benefited by arnica. It not only relieves the soreness and the bruised conditions, when given internally, but quickly overcomes the ecchymosis. As an external application, to cuts, bruises, lacerations, and sores, arnica has long been a popular domestic remedy. It is used in full strength, but the best results are not so attained. It is more serviceable when diluted with from one to six parts of warm water. It is a stimulant to the skin, promoting absorption of nutritive material. It undoubtedly assists in carrying off the broken down tissue, which results from the traumatism, and promotes rapid repair. In cases where the muscles beneath the skin were severely lacerated, torn and bruised, an application of one part of arnica with five parts of warm fresh sweet milk, keeping the application warm, covered with a protective dressing, and renewed every two or three hours. It is incredible how rapidly the restoration will take place. Use 6 to 12 drops in juice, water, under the tongue or as desired. May be taken 3 times daily. Shake well. Store in cool dark place. Keep out of reach of children. Do not use on open wounds. About 30 dropperfuls per fl oz. 30 to 40 drops per dropperful. Herbal tinctures (extracts) are a highly effective way to administer herbs. They are very concentrated, they work faster than teas and are four to eight times stronger than capsules. Extracts are easily digestible and quickly assimilate into the system.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Arnica Herbal & Homeopathic Products

  • Aromatherapy: Arnica Herbal Oil Products
  • Nutrition Basics: Arnica Herbal Information


  • For more Arnica products, visit the banner links of our merchants below or visit the provided links above and do a search for Arnica. They have many more products available.

    ARNICA HERBAL OIL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica Herbal Oil, Certified Organic Herbal Oils
    Made from fresh certified organic Arnica flowers (Arnica montana), infused in certified organic Olive Oil.A specific external treatment for physical trauma, sprains, bruising and other injuries. Use immediately after strenuous exertion or injury to prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. Absorbs well, and soothing to the skin.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica & St. John's Massage Oil, Herbal Massage Oils
    An excellent muscle massage oil based on the ever popular and highly effective Injur-Heal oil. Suitable for use on bruises, strains, general aches, and after strenuous exercise. A wonderful way to treat your sore and exhausted body, and is best reserved for times of "severe need". Contains: Organic Olive oil, organic Sweet Almond oil, Arnica oil, St. John's wort flower oil, organic Calendula oil, Vitamin E oil, and organic Lavender essential oil.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Injur-Heal Herbal Oil, Herbal Oils
    Truly the most fabulous oils of all! Our favorite external treatment for bruises, bumps, aches, pains and strains. A perfect remedy for exhausted sports-bodies and hikers, this anti-traumatic oil can be used immediately after strenuous exercise, exertion, or injury to help prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. A concentrated oil, just rub a little on and feel the difference. Contains: Fresh hand picked St. John's Wort flowers, organic Arnica flowers, organic Calendula flowers, organic Olive oil and organic Lavender essential oil.


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Arnica Flower Whole, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Arnica Herbal Oil (Arnica montana), 1 fl. oz., 4 fl. oz., & 16 fl. oz.
    Arnica Flowers extracted and concentrated infused into certified Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Arnica flowers (Arnica montana) are infused into our cold-pressed Extra Virgin Organic Olive Oil. Arnica oils and creams have traditionally been used topically due to its anti-inflammatory properties, making it the perfect oil to massage into the skin after exercise or strenuous physical activity, providing soothing warmth to muscles and joints. For external use only and do not use on open wounds or broken skin.
    Starwest Botanicals: Seasons of the Soul, Arnica Alleve Oil, By FES, 2 fl. oz.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Arnica Massage Oil, Trial Size, Weleda, 0.34 fl. oz. (20134)
    Arnica Massage Oil for soothing and warming skin care. Helps restore tired, aching muscles before and after physical activity. This preferred choice of massage therapists throughout the world is formulated with rejuvenating organic Arnica Extract and organic Birch Leaf Extract.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Flower Oil, Gaia Herbs, 1 fl. oz. (90816)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil (Arnica Latifolia), Eclectic Institute, 1 fl. oz. (2207)
    Arnica Oil, valuable for bruises and sprains as a massage oil for muscular aches especially after participating sport activities. Arnica Oil can be used mixed with a base and/or essential oils or even used in full strength. Rub a little into your body. To create different moods or therapeutic effects simply add your choice of pure essential oils.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (32366)
    Arnica Oil prepared from the flowers of Arnica montana plants which are Custom Wildcrafted especially for Herb Pharm in their native wild habitat in the Italian Alps, and are then carefully shade-dried to retain their full color and aroma.The flowers are extracted and concentrated into cold-pressed certified organic olive oil.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Massage Oil, 3.4 fl. oz. (88164)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Massage Oil, Soothing & Warming Skin Care, Weleda, 3.4 fl. oz. (20132)
    Massage Oil for toning and warming skin care. Helps restore tired, aching muscles before and after physical activity. This preferred choice of massage therapists throughout the world is formulated with rejuvenating biodynamic Arnica Extract and organic Birch Leaf Extract.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Flower Oil, Gaia Herbs, 4 fl. oz. (90818)
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz. (32367)
    Arnica Oil prepared from the flowers of Arnica montana plants which are Custom Wildcrafted especially for Herb Pharm in their native wild habitat in the Italian Alps, and are then carefully shade-dried to retain their full color and aroma.The flowers are extracted and concentrated into cold-pressed certified organic olive oil.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, Now Foods, 8 fl. oz. (71708)
    Now Foods Arnica Warming Relief Massage Oil captures the soothing essence of Arnica to provide immediate warmth and relief to tired, overworked muscles. Set in a base of antioxidant-rich Olive Oil, this deep-penetrating massage oil contains potent Arnica, in addition to a perfectly arranged collection of essential oils and other natural extracts.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Arnica Massage Oil, Trial Size, Weleda, 0.34 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Arnica Liquid Herbal Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Arnica & Olive Oil Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz.: HF
    Arnica extract made from the whole flowers of Arnica montana plants which are custom wildcrafted in their high mountain habitat. To assure optimal extraction of Arnica's bioactive compounds, the plants are hand-harvested when in full flower, are carefully shade-dried to retain the full color and aroma, and are then shipped directly to the lab and thoroughly extracted. The Arnica is never fumigated or irradiated.
    Kalyx: Arnica Oil, Starwest Trinity, 1 fl. oz.: C
    Arnica oil is made from the bright yellow flowers picked in late summer. It is used for sports injuries, sore muscles, swelling, bruising and inflammation. Cold pressed Arnica Oil, 1:2 Arnica Oil infused in Olive Oil. Clear green colored liquid with a slight aroma and flavor.
    Kalyx: Arnica Allay Herbal Flower Oil, Flower Essence Services, 2 fl. oz: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Oil, Starwest Trinity, 4 fl. oz.: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Oil in Olive Oil, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Oil in Olive Oil, Starwest Botanicals, 16 fl oz: C


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Arnica Herbal & Homeopathic Products

    ARNICA MONTANA HOMEOPATHIC PRODUCTS

    Arnica Montana is used primarily to relieve the after-effects of falls, blows, bruising, sports injuries and overexertion. It is available for external use as massage oil, tincture-extracts, creams and lotions as well as homeopathic tabs to be taken internally. Externally arnica is used in the form of an infusion, a fomentation, or diluted tincture of the flowers, both to prevent and discuss local inflammations, to remove ecchymosis, and as a dressing for cuts, lacerations, contusions, etc.


    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica Flowers (Arnica montana), Whole, Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica Herbal Oil, Certified Organic Herbal Oils
    Made from fresh certified organic Arnica flowers (Arnica montana), infused in certified organic Olive Oil. A specific external treatment for physical trauma, sprains, bruising and other injuries. Use immediately after strenuous exertion or injury to prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. Absorbs well, and soothing to the skin.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Arnica & St. John's Massage Oil, Herbal Massage Oils
    An excellent muscle massage oil based on the ever popular and highly effective Injur-Heal oil. Suitable for use on bruises, strains, general aches, and after strenuous exercise. A wonderful way to treat your sore and exhausted body, and is best reserved for times of "severe need". Contains: Organic Olive oil, organic Sweet Almond oil, Arnica oil, St. John's wort flower oil, organic Calendula oil, Vitamin E oil, and organic Lavender essential oil.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Injur-Heal Herbal Oil, Herbal Oils
    Truly the most fabulous oils of all! Our favorite external treatment for bruises, bumps, aches, pains and strains. A perfect remedy for exhausted sports-bodies and hikers, this anti-traumatic oil can be used immediately after strenuous exercise, exertion, or injury to help prevent, relieve and reduce swelling, bruises and pain. A concentrated oil, just rub a little on and feel the difference. Contains: Fresh hand picked St. John's Wort flowers, organic Arnica flowers, organic Calendula flowers, organic Olive oil and organic Lavender essential oil.


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Arnica Flower Whole, 1 lb.
    Starwest Botanicals: Arnica Herbal Oil (Arnica montana), 1 fl. oz., 4 fl. oz., & 16 fl. oz.
    Arnica Flowers extracted and concentrated infused into certified Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Arnica flowers (Arnica montana) are infused into our cold-pressed Extra Virgin Organic Olive Oil. Arnica oils and creams have traditionally been used topically due to its anti-inflammatory properties, making it the perfect oil to massage into the skin after exercise or strenuous physical activity, providing soothing warmth to muscles and joints. For external use only and do not use on open wounds or broken skin.
    Starwest Botanicals: Seasons of the Soul, Arnica Alleve Oil, By FES, 2 fl. oz.


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Arnica Oil, NOW Foods, 8 fl. oz.
    Arnica Warming Relief Massage Oil captures the soothing essence of Arnica to provide immediate warmth and relief to tired, overworked muscles. Set in a base of antioxidant-rich Olive Oil, this deep-penetrating massage oil contains potent Arnica, in addition to a perfectly arranged collection of essential oils and other natural extracts.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Rub, Bioforce USA, 3.5 oz.
    Made with the power of fresh herbs New Arnica Rub is not homeopathic. Itís made from fresh, organically-grown Arnica Montana. It has all the strength of a fresh herb. And itís clinically shown to be effective. Itís uniquely fast-working, too. In fact, Arnica Rub is so unique, youíll feel the benefits almost immediately.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana 6X, Hyland, 250 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana 30X, Hyland, 250 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Arnica Montana, Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics, 30 C, 100 Tabs
    Arnica Montana 30C 100 Tablet by Boericke & Tafel Homeopathics is a homeopathic anti-inflammatory that may be used for traumatic injury, bruises, strained joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, tensive backache, concussion, stroke, heart strain and for reducing pain and bleeding after surgery.
    HerbsPro: Backache With Arnica, Hylands, 100 Tabs
    Hyland's Low Back Pain Tablets is a traditional formula for the relief symptoms of pains in the lower bac, pain due to strain, overexertion, cold or exposure. Hyland's Low Back Formula with Arnica is all-natural and effective for any age. It contains Arnica Montana, which is the most commonly used homeopathic medicine for the relief of muscular pain. Working without contraindications or side effects, Hyland's Low Back Formula stimulates your body's natural healing response to relieve symptoms.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Cream, Boiron, 2.5 oz.
    Arnica Cream for muscle aches, stiffness and bruises. Non greasy texture. Great for massaging sore muscles. Boiron Arnica Cream has a smooth texture and Boiron Arnica Cream is also suitable for use on the face. Arnica montana is a mountain plant (leopard's bane) found in the Northwest part of the United States as well as Central Europe. Generations of athletes, trainers and parents have long enjoyed the relief that Arnica provides. For homeopathic relief of muscle aches and stiffness due to minor injuries, overexertion, falls and blows. Reduces pain, swelling and discoloration from bruises.
    HerbsPro: Arniflora Arnica Gel, Boericke & Tafel, 2.75 fl. oz.
    Arnica (Arnica Montana) is a homeopathic anti-inflammatory that may be used for traumatic injury, bruises, strained joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, tensive backache, concussion, stroke, heart strain and for reducing pain and bleeding after surgery.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Gel, Roberts Research Labs, 7.5 oz.
    Arnica Montana is a mountain plant found in Northwest region of the U.S. It is indicated as a superb homeopathic therapy for muscle soreness and bruises by speeding up the bodyís natural healing process. Arnica Care Gel is non-greasy, fragrance free and quickly absorbed by the skin. No burn, no chill.
    HerbsPro: Arnica Lotion Spray, Hylands, 4 oz.
    Arnica Spray is a soothing lotion for external use on bruises, strains, rheumatism, and sore strained joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Contains 10% extract of arnica montana flowers. Apply spray on affected area as needed.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Arnica Rub Homeopathic Gel, A. Vogel, 3.5 oz: HF
    A. Vogel Arnica Rub is a specially formulated homeopathic gel made from freshly harvested and organically grown Arnica Montana flowers. Cultivated for centuries, Arnica Montana is well known for easing the symptoms of bruising and muscle soreness. The beautiful yellow arnica Montana flowers used to create this Arnica Rub are picked by hand from the fields of an organic farm in Germany.
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica Montana), Starwest Botanicals, 4 oz: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica chamissonis), Frontier Bulk Herbs, 1 lb: K
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C
    Kalyx: Arnica Flowers Whole (Arnica Montana), Kalyx, 5 lbs: G
    Kalyx: Arnica Tincture-Extract (Arnica montana), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.: HH
    Kalyx: Arnica Tincture-Extract (Arnica montana), Health & Herbs, 8 fl. oz.: HH
    Arnica is used for soreness in the small of the back, lame back, general weakness of the muscles of the back, with soreness prevailing, sickening backache in the region of the kidneys, are all benefited by arnica. It not only relieves the soreness and the bruised conditions, when given internally, but quickly overcomes the ecchymosis. As an external application, to cuts, bruises, lacerations, and sores, arnica has long been a popular domestic remedy. It is used in full strength, but the best results are not so attained. It is more serviceable when diluted with from one to six parts of warm water. It is a stimulant to the skin, promoting absorption of nutritive material. It undoubtedly assists in carrying off the broken down tissue, which results from the traumatism, and promotes rapid repair. In cases where the muscles beneath the skin were severely lacerated, torn and bruised, an application of one part of arnica with five parts of warm fresh sweet milk, keeping the application warm, covered with a protective dressing, and renewed every two or three hours. It is incredible how rapidly the restoration will take place. Use 6-12 drops in juice, water, under the tongue or as desired. May be taken 3 times daily. Shake well. Store in cool dark place. Keep out of reach of children. Do not use on open wounds. About 30 dropperfuls per fl oz. 30-40 drops per dropperful. Herbal tinctures (extracts) are a highly effective way to administer herbs. They are very concentrated, they work faster than teas and are four to eight times stronger than capsules. Extracts are easily digestible and quickly assimilate into the system.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Arnica Herbal & Homeopathic Products

    For more Arnica products, visit the banner links of our merchants below or visit the provided links above and do a search for Arnica. They have many more products available.

  • Aromatherapy: Arnica Herbal Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Arnica Herbal Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Arnica Homeopathic Information



  • BLOOD STOP HEMOSTATIC PRODUCTS

    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: BloodSTOP & BloodSTOP IX Hemostatic Gauze
    BloodStop products can be used on anyone who is bleeding whether they are bleeding because of a minor cut or a major surgery. It is commonly used in a wide variety of settings including home first aid kits, school athletic fields, emergency responders' kits, veterinary offices, surgery rooms, dental offices, ob/gyn offices, and battlefields.



    BRUISE RELIEF SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Childrens Bumps N Bruises w/Arnica, Hylands Homeopathics, 125 Tabs
    100% Natural aspirin free soft homeopathic tablets for relief of pain, swelling and bruising. Ingredients include Arnica montana (6X), Hypericum perforatum (6X), Bellis perennis (6X), Ruta graveolens (6X) for bruising, swelling pain and injuries to nerve rich areas, soreness, and sprains.
    HerbsPro: Injuries Formula, Liddell Laboratories, 1 fl. oz.
    Injuries is made from all natural ingredients that quickly relieves pain and bruising and speeds up healing after an accident, injury or surgery. It also reduces inflammation. Injuries has been used to help people recover from sprained joints, strained or pulled muscles, bruises, nerve pain, swelling, post-surgical pain and to speed wound healing. Injuries is easy to use. Just take 2 sprays under the tongue and, if desired, it can also be sprayed topically on the site of the injury for added symptom relief. Every medicine cabinet should include Injuries for those unexpected first aid emergencies! You will be glad you have some on hand when you need it.
    HerbsPro: Childrens Bumps N Bruises Ointment w/Arnica, Hylands Homeopathic, 0.26 oz.
    Arnica Montana 6X HPUS - first aid for bruising and swelling due to falls, blows or other injury. Hypericum Perforatum 6X HPUS - for pain and injuries in nerve-rich areas of the body (like toes and fingers.) Bellis Perennis 6X HPUS - for bruising, soreness and swelling as a result of injury, Ruta Graveolens 6X HPUS - for sprains and bruises, injuries to bursa, In a base of Lactose (milk sugar) NF.
    HerbsPro: Bruise Cream, Scar Zone, 0.5 oz.
    Super antioxidant speeds away the appearance of ugly bruises. Helps bruises to disappear rapidly, reduces appearance of bruises, reduces swelling and redness, restores healthy looking skin. Plastic surgeon tested. Recommended by top professional models and athletes.
    HerbsPro: Kid-E-Kare OweeZ Oil, North American Herb & Spice, 1 oz

    For cuts, bumps and burns. Apply topically as needed. may be applied to wounds and burns. Avoid eyes and genitals.
    HerbsPro: Diabetic Bruise Defense Healing Cream, TriDerma MD, 4.2 oz.
    For Skin that bruises easily, is thin, or heals slowly. Soothing Relief for Itching and Redness. With Exclusive AP4 Aloe. No Cortisone or Parabens. Non-Greasy , Fragrance Free. For and Body. Apply generously to bruised or injured skin as soon as possible. Repeat several times a day. May also be used daily to help maintain healthy skin. Safe for use on sensitive skin.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Bumps'n Bruises With Arnica, Hylands Homeopathics, 125 Tabs: HF
    Kalyx: Bumps 'n Bruises, Hylands Homeopathics, 125 Tabs: K
    A homeopathic medicine for the temporary relief of symptoms of bruising and swelling from falls, trauma or overexertion. Easy to take soft tablets dissolve instantly in the mouth. Hyland's Bumps & Bruises is a natural, homeopathic formula for immediate first aid treatment after falls or other traumas where bruising, swelling and pain is inevitable. Hyland's Bumps & Bruises contains Arnica Montana, the most commonly used homeopathic medicine for relieving the traumatic symptoms after a fall (or other trauma.) Safe for toddlers and young adults alike, these products work without side effects or contraindications and are aspirin free. Hyland's Bumps and Bruises tablets are soft and dissolve almost instantly in the mouth. Available in bottles of 125 quick dissolving tablets.
    Kalyx: Rescue Cream, Bach Flower Remedies, 30 grams: K
    Use externally on bruises, bumps, sprains, rash, diaper rash, sore feet, headaches, razor burns, bug bites, sun burns, chapped lips and a lot more. Natural skincare for hands, body, and face. Paraben free, fragrance-free, lanolin-free, non-greasy, and not tested on animals. 1 oz. Made in England.
    Kalyx: Hyland's Bumps'n Bruises With Arnica Ointment, Hylands Homeopathic, 0.26 oz: HF
    A Homeopathic medicine for the temporary relief of symptoms of bruising and swelling from falls, trauma or overextertion. Hyland's Bumps 'n Bruises ointment is a homeopathic medicine for the temporary relief of symptoms of bruising and muscle soreness due to falls, blows or overextertion. Arnica Montana is the most commonly used and most popular homeopathic medicine noted for its dramatic effects on bruising and sore muscles.
    Kalyx: Vitamin K Bruise Cream, Reviva Labs, 1.5 oz.: K
    Helps fade and clear bruises. For all skin types. Recent research has proven that vitamin K, in the proper formulation, can dramatically minimize the bruised or reddened look. This special formula helps fade and clear bruises; helps improve appearance of broken capillaries, spider veins, rosacea, and any reddened, irritated areas on face. Also useful prior to facial surgery (use two weeks prior) and after surgery.
    Kalyx: Clear Vein Creme Spider Vein Bruise Solution, Derma E, 2 oz: HF
    Derma E Clear Vein Creme contains Horse Chestnut (3%), Grape Skin Extract, Witch Hazel and Pycnogenol to help eliminate spider veins and capillary redness, disperse bruises, and enhance the healing process. This unique formula is safe and effective. An easy-to-use topical application that may make spider veins and broken capillaries disappear from sight.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Bruise Health Care Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Skin Care Supplement Information



  • HYPERICUM PERFORATUM HOMEOPATHIC PRODUCTS

    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Hypericum Perfoliatum 6X, Hylands, 250 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Hypericum Perfoliatum 30X, Hylands, 250 Tabs
    HerbsPro: Hypericum Spray, Hylands, 4 fl. oz.


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Hypericum Perforatum Homeopathic Supplement Products

  • Hypericum Perforatum Homeopathic Information



  • LEDUM PALUSTRE (MARSH TEA) HOMEOPATHIC SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS

    Ledum Palustre (Marsh Tea) is a herbal and homeopathic preparations used for puncture wounds, insect stings and bites.

    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Ledum Palustre Homeopathic Supplement Products

  • Skin Care Supplement Information



  • RUTA GRAVEOLENS HOMEOPATHIC & RUE HERBAL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Rue (Ruta Graveolens), Certified Organic, Bulk Organic Herbs & Spices


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Rue Herb, Organic, Cut & Sifted, 4 oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Rue Herb, Organic, Cut & Sifted, 1 lb.


    HERBPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Rue Extract, Herb Pharm, 1 fl. oz. (31334)
    HerbsPro: Rue Extract, Herb Pharm, 4 fl. oz.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Rue Leaf Extract (Ruta Graveolens), Health & Herbs, 2 fl. oz.: HH
    Kalyx: Rue Herb Single Herb Alcohol Fluid Extract (Ruta Graveolens), Golden Lotus Botanicals, 2 fl. oz: GL
    Kalyx: Rue Herb (Ruta Graveolens), Cut & Sifted, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 lb: C


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Ruta Graveolens Homeopathic Supplement Products
    Amazon: Rue Herbal Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Rue Herbal Information






  • MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |






    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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    MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY


    A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.




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