MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
GROWTH DISORDERS & PROBLEMS
For "Informational Use Only".
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GROWTH DISORDERS DESCRIPTION
Growth disorders are problems that prevent children from achieving normal height, weight or sexual maturity. Just because your child is not developing at the same rate as peers is usually not a cause for concern. Some children may be small for their age but still develop normally. Some kids are short or tall because their parents are, while others mature at different rates.
Growth problems usually occur when the pituitary gland fails to function as it should. The pituitary gland distributes hormones, including the growth hormone somatotropin, to various parts of the body. Somatotropin stimulates the growth of muscle and bone in growing children.
THE GROWTH MECHANISM
Growth occurs when bones of the arms, legs, and back increase in size. The long bones of the limbs have a growth plate at the end. The growth plate is made of cartilage, which is a tough, elastic tissue. Cartilage cells in the growth plate multiply and move down the bone to produce a matrix, or tissue from which new bone is formed. These cartilage cells then die, leaving spaces. Special cells called osteoblasts, meaning bone beginners, then produce bone (by laying down the minerals calcium and phosphorus) to fill the spaces and replace the matrix. Once all the cartilage in the growth plate has been turned to bone, growth stops. This usually occurs before ages 16 to 18 years. An x-ray of the hand or knee can show a health practitioner the bone age (maturity of the bone) and how much potential growth remains.
GROWTH DISORDERS FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
The signs and symptoms depends upon the type of growth disorder. A child with a growth problem needs to be evaluated by a health care provider to determine the underlying health issues involved.
Short Stature is when your child is significantly shorter than kids of the same age and sex. This is usually due to a family’s genetic makeup and is not considered a growth disorder. Short parents tend to have short children.
Constitutional Growth Delay occurs when kids are small for their age but grow at a normal rate. These children tend to reach puberty and other developmental milestones later than their friends. Because they also grow until an older age, they usually catch up with peers. These "late bloomers" do not have a growth disorder either.
Some children, however, do have growth disorders. Very slow or very fast growth can signal an overactive or underactive gland or another disease. Symptoms of growth disorders include the following:
A pediatrician has most likely plotted a child's growth on a growth chart since infancy. Children who are at or below the 3rd or at or above the 97th percentile on the growth chart may have a growth disorder. A child grows less than 2 inches per year after reaching the age of 3 years old. A child is much shorter than peers of the same age and gender. A short child may be "chubby," with otherwise normal proportions. A child's face may look younger than other kids of the same age and gender. An older child reaches puberty much later than peers (or at all, depending on the disorder). A failure to thrive may also be a sign of an underlying growth disorder.
PLOTTING A NORMAL GROWTH CHART
Everyone has a different size and shape, and there is a very wide range of what health care providers consider "normal growth." In order to monitor growth, health practitioners use an established range of normal heights and weights for different age groups. From the time a child first goes to the health practitioner, measurements of height and weight are taken. The health practitioner uses a growth chart to compare a child's height and growth rate with those of others the same age. As a newborn, everyone starts out at about the same size. Yet, some end up short and some tall.
When developing a standard growth chart, researchers take a large number of children of different ages and make a graph of their heights and weights. The height at the 50th percentile means the height at which half of the children of that age are taller and half are shorter. The 25th percentile means that three quarters (75-percent) of the children are taller at that age, and one quarter (25-percent) are shorter. The 75th percentile means that three quarters of the children (75-percent) will be shorter and one quarter (25-percent) taller.
People vary greatly, and if children are between the 3rd and 97th percentile, and if they growing at a normal rate, they usually are regarded as normal. If children are outside these ranges (over 97th percentile or under 3rd percentile), the health practitioner may look for some explanation. Most often, these children simply have inherited "short" or "tall" genes from their parents, and they will continue to grow at a normal pace.
GROWTH DISORDER CAUSES
Either overproduction or underproduction of growth hormone can cause growth abnormalities. The secretion of too little growth hormone by the pituitary causes dwarfism while too much causes the body to grow in an exaggerated fashion, resulting in abnormally large hands, feet, and jaw. Some cases of malfunction of the pituitary are caused by the growth of a tumor on the gland.
In some cases, growth problems are caused by the failure of the thyroid gland to function properly. The thymus gland may also be involved. If the thymus gland of an infant is damaged, development is retarded and the child has a greater than normal susceptibility to infection.
Chronic diseases that may impair growth includes diabetes, congenital heart disorders, sickle cell disease, chronic kidney failure, cystic fibrosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Abnormal formation and growth of cartilage and bone results in one form of extreme shortness of height. Children with chondrodystrophies or skeletal dysplasia, are short and have abnormal body proportions. Their intelligence levels usually are normal. Most of these conditions are inherited or occur due to genetic mutations (changes).
INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDATION (IUGR)
If growth in the uterus is interrupted while a fetus is forming or developing, the condition is called intrauterine (meaning within the uterus) growth retardation or IUGR. IUGR is not the same as when a baby is born prematurely. The small size of a premature infant usually is normal according to the gestational age (or the age from conception).
Failure to grow normally in the uterus may result from a problem with the placenta (the organ that supplies nutrients and oxygen to the baby). Growth of the fetus can be affected if the mother smokes cigarettes or drinks alcohol during the pregnancy. Infections, such as German measles, may cause the problem, and sometimes the cause cannot be determined.
- Dysplasia means abnormal growth or development.
- Chrondrodystrophy means abnormal growth at the ends of the bones.
FAILURE TO THRIVE (FTT)
Failure to thrive (FTT), or inadequate weight gain anytime after birth, occurs frequently in infants. There are many possible causes, and the health practitioner must examine the child carefully. Often, the baby or child simply is not getting enough to eat. Sometimes there are other illnesses interfering with weight gain that must be treated.
Nutrition can also play a significant role in the growth and development of a child. Children with poor nutrition may have poor growth. A balanced diet and adequate protein are essential for normal growth. Some parts of the world have serious problems with malnutrition, and the growth of children may be affected in these areas.
Nutritional deficiencies may not only be cause by the lack of proper nutrition, or the abundance of food, but also caused by malabsorption disorders and problems, allergies, and food sensitivities.
Congenital disorders are those present at birth. Many congenital growth disorders are genetic and include:
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, which prevents the body from making enough cortisol. Children born with congenital adrenal hyperplasia may have other hormone imbalances that affect growth.
Turner Syndrome, which is a genetic disorder that occurs in girls. Girls with Turner syndrome are short and usually have an abnormal puberty because of underdeveloped ovaries. Girls with Turner Syndrome have only one X chromosome or a second X chromosome that may be abnormal or incomplete.
Klinefelter Syndrome occurs when a boy is born with an extra Y-chromosome (boys normally have one X- and one Y-chromosome). Boys with Klinefelter syndrome may have long legs and a short trunk, along with some sexual symptoms.
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) occurs when a child has one X- and one Y-chromosome, as a boy does, but the body doesn’t process, or is resistant to, male hormones. This results in a child with mostly female physical characteristics, but the genetic makeup of a male.
Marfan Syndrome is a hereditary condition affecting connective tissue and is associated with tall stature. People with Marfan Syndrome have very long arms and legs, eye problems, and differences in facial features. Other physical problems, such as heart abnormalities, also may be present. It is commonly believed that Abraham Lincoln had Marfan Syndrome.
The endocrine system is made up of glands that secrete hormones into the circulatory system. Growth is controlled by hormones, which are chemical messengers from various glands. f something goes wrong, it can affect a child's growth. Endocrine disorders associated with growth include:
One of the most important growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland looks like a peanut sitting at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland is attached by a stalk to the hypothalamus, an area of the brain that controls the function of the pituitary. The antierior or front part of the pituitary gland secrets the following hormones that can effect growth:
PUBERTY & SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT GROWTH DISORDERS
- GROWTH HORMONE (GH): Growth Hormone regulates bone growth. Growth Hormone (GH) Deficiency occurs when the pituitary gland does not secrete enough GH. Without enough GH, a child is likely to grow slowly and be much shorter than other children of the same age and sex.
- PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH): The parathyroid makes parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps balance calcium and phosphorous in a child's body. Hypoparathyroidism is a calcium disorder related to the parathyroid. Hypoparathyroidism can lead to juvenile osteoporosis and delayed growth.
- THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH): TSH controls the production and secretion of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid (a gland located in the neck) does not produce enough of certain hormones. The thyroid gland in the neck secrets thyroxine, a hormone required for normal bone growth. As with hypoparathyroidism, it can cause delayed growth in kids.
- GONAD-STIMULATING HORMONES: Gonad stimulating hormones control the development of the sex glands or gonads and secretion of sex hormones.
At the time of adolescence, a growth spurt normally occurs. Generally, growth spurts for girls start about two years earlier than growth spurts for boys. Rates of growth and change during puberty vary with the individual. Parents' growth and puberty patterns often are passed on through their genes to their children. If one or both parents had a late puberty, then their children are more likely to reach puberty later and to experience a later growth spurt. This late bloomer pattern is known as Constitutional Growth Delay.
The gonads are the main source of sex hormones in both males and females. The increase in growth rate that occurs during puberty is driven by the body's increase in production of sex hormones. In males, the gonads are called testes, which secrete androgen hormones such as testosterone. In girls, the gonads are the ovaries that produce eggs and secrete hormones including estrogen. Normally, these hormones help regulate the body changes associated with puberty. These hormones cause the skeleton to grow and to mature more rapidly. Hormones produced by the adrenal glands at puberty contribute to the development of pubic hair (near the genitals) and under arm hjair, but have little effect on bone growth. Sometimes, a lack or abundance of these hormones can either delay or accelerate puberty and growth. Disorders of pubertal development can affect a child's growth pattern and ultimate height. Pubertal disorders usually are grouped into two categories: precocious or premature puberty (which starts earlier than expected), and delayed or late puberty.
Delayed Puberty occurs when the hormonal changes of puberty occur later than normal, or not at all. Delayed puberty is defined as the lack of any signs of puberty by age 14 in either sex (some sources say puberty is considered late if it has not begun by age 13 in girls or by age 15 in boys). Most often, delayed puberty is a result of constitutional growth delay.
Sometimes, a medical condition can delay puberty. Several medical conditions, such as disorders of the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, and testicles, can result in delayed puberty by interfering with the pubertal rise in sex hormones. Many chronic disorders of other body organs and systems, such as the intestines and the lungs, as well as long-term treatmentments with certain medications (such as cortisone) also may cause delayed puberty. Illnesses such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis, kidney disease or asthma can all cause puberty to occur later on. Malnourished kids may have delayed puberty as well.
Children with delayed puberty do not experience growth spurts at the usual age, so they lag behind in height as their peers grow rapidly and mature sexually. When puberty finally occurs for these children, on its own or as a result of treatment, they will catch up and may continue to grow into their late teens and may even exceed the final adult heights of some of their peers.
Precocious Puberty, also known as early or premature puberty, is when there are signs of secondary sexual maturation before 8 years of age in girls and 9 years of age in boys (some sources say before age 10 in boys). In girls, signs of precocious puberty might include breast growth and a first period. Boys may have enlarged testicles and penis, facial hair and a deepening voice. Both boys and girls both may have pubic or underarm hair growth, acne, and body odor as well. Children with precocious puberty experience early growth spurts because of the abnormally early rise in sex hormone levels in their bodies. Although initially this causes these children to grow taller that others of their age, their skeletons mature more rapidly, often causing them to stop growing at an early age. If precocious puberty is left untreated, it may lead to a decrease in a child's ultimate height.
Most cases of precocious puberty result from the premature "switching on" of the puberty control center in the brain, located in the part of the brain called the hypothalamus. The hormones from the hypothalamus trigger the release of hormones from the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, which in turn stimulate the ovaries in girls and the testicles in boys to produce the higher levels of sex hormones needed to bring about puberty bodily changes.
There are many possible causes for precocious puberty. Causes might include brain tuors and other disorders of the central nervous system, and tumors or other conditions that cause the gonads or adrenal glands to overproduce sex hormones. This may include ovarian cysts in girls and certain tumors in both girls and boys. Exposure to certain creams and ointments containing estrogen or testosterone might also trigger precocious puberty. In girlse, however, the majority of cases of precocious puberty are idiopathic, which means the precise cause is unknown.
Precocious puberty often can be treated effectively or controlled with medications that decrease the overproduction of sex hormones or that block their effects on the body. In many cases, this type of treatment can prevent or decrease the shortening of the child's ultimate height that would otherwise occur.
Dwarfism is a condition characterized by abnormally short stature. In some cases, individuals are very small, but normally proportioned; in others, the limbs are short as compared to the sized of the rest of the body. Causes of dwarfism include unrecognized or untreated congenital hypothyroidism (once known as cretinism), Down syndrome, achondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, and spinal tuberculosis.
Achondroplasia is a primary bone disorder caused by chemical changes within a single gene. People with achondroplasia have large heads and arms and legs that are short in comparison with the length of the trunk. They usually also have a large forehead, a flat area between the eyes, and a protruding jaw. Often, the teeth are crowded together. In most cases, intelligence is normal, although motor development may occur a bit more slowly than normal. Both children and adults with achondroplasia must be particularly attentive to diet and nutrition, as obesity can be a problem. People with achondroplasia are at greater than normal risk for a number of other health problems, including certain neurologic and respiratory problems, orthopedic problems, fatigue, and numbness or pain in the lower back and thighs.
MoonDragon's Pregnancy Information: Achondroplasia
Gigantism is a growth disorder characterized by an abnormally great height, usually due to excessive cartilage and bone formation at the ends of the long bones. Pituitary gigantism is the most common form of this condition. It is a result of the pituitary gland secreting excessive amounts of growth hormone. See more information about Gigantism under Rare Disorders.
NUTRITIONAL IMBALANCES & OTHER PROBLEMS
Nutritional imbalances, delayed puberty, obesity, and certain diseases (including congenital heart disorders and chronic kidney failure) can be other factors involved in growth problems. If you are concerned about your child's growth rate, you should have him or her examined to determine if there is a problem and, if so, what the exact nature of the problem is. It is important to remember that some people are just naturally shorter or taller than average.
GROWTH DISORDER TREATMENT
There are many causes for growth problems. In order to detect these disorders early, it is important for health practitioners to track growth carefully in infants and children. Many of these conditions can be treated effectively, resulting in more normal adult heights for children with growth disorders.
When evaluating a child's growth, it is the overall growth pattern, rather than size, that is important. If a child seems to "fall off" a previously steady growth curve, he or she should be evaluated for possible nutritional deficiencies and other underlying health problems.
Sometimes the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone. Too little growth hormone is known as hypopituitarism. Usually, this will slow a child's growth rate to less than 2 inches a year. The deficiency may appear at any time during infancy or childhood. When health practitioners have ruled out other causes of growth failure, they may recommend special tests for growth hormone (GH) deficiency. Children with growth hormone deficiency are treated with daily injections of the hormone, often for a period of years. With early diagnosis and treatment, these children usually increase their rate of growth, and may catch up to achieve average or near-average height as adults.
In pituitary dwarfism, caused by low amounts of growth hormone, the person is short but has normal body proportions. This is different from other forms of dwarfism due to genetic skeletal dysplasias. In these cases, the person with dwarfism is short, and the growth of the arms, legs, torso, and head often is out of proportion. For example, the person's arms and legs may appear relatively smaller than the head or torso.
If growth is slowed because of insufficient growth hormone production, a health care provider may prescribe growth hormone therapy.
Too much growth hormone is known as hyperpituitarism. Two conditions arise from excessive amounts of growth hormone in the body: acromegaly and gigantism. The cause usually is a benign pituitary tumor. Benign means the tumor is not cancerous or spreading and is contained in one area.
Acromegaly, a condition caused by increased secretion of growth hormone after normal growth has been completed, occurs in adults. The condition is rare, occurring in 6 out of 100,000 people. Because the adult cannot grow taller, the excess growth hormone in acromegaly causes adult bones to thicken and other structures and organs to grow larger. Usually, it does not appear until middle age, when the person notes a tightening of a ring on the finger, or an increase in shoe size. Tests at that time may reveal a pituitary tumor.
Gigantism occurs when excessive secretion of growth hormone occurs in children before normal growth has stopped. This results in the overgrowth of long bones. The vertical growth in height is accompanied by growth in muscle and organs. The result is a person who is very tall, with a large jaw, large face, large skull, and very large hands and feet. Many health problems may be associated with gigantism, including heart disease and vision problems. Delayed puberty also may occur in this condition. Surgery or radiation can correct the problem. If growth problems are the result of a tumor of the pituitary gland, surgical removal or treatment of the tumor with drugs or by other means, may be recommended. Hormone replacement may be necessary if there is pituitary damage from this treatment.
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Human Growth Hormone Therapy (HGH)
Too little thyroid hormone is known as hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland looks like a big butterfly at the base of the neck. One wing is on one side of the windpipe or trachea, and the other on the other side. The wings are joined by a thin strip of thyroid tissue. The thyroid gland makes the hormone thyroxine. The thyroid is controlled by the pituitary gland, which makes thyroid-stimulating hormone. The hormone thyroxine controls the rate of chemical reactions (or metabolism) in the body. Too much thyroxine, or hyperthyroidism, speeds up metabolism. Hypothyroidism is the opposite. Hypothyroidism is caused by the body's underproduction of thyroid hormone, and this affects many different body processes.
A child with thyroid hormone deficiency has slow growth and is physically and mentally sluggish. The lack of this hormone may be present at birth, if the thyroid gland did not develop properly in the fetus. Or the problem may develop during childhood or later in life as a result of certain diseases of the thyroid. In most states, babies are tested for hypothyroidism at birth. Blood tests can detect the problem, and treatment usually is a daily pill (levothyroxine) )that replaces the missing thyroid hormone. Early diagnosis and continuing treatment help these children grow and develop normally. The addition of iodine to public drinking water supplies has shown a decrease in the occurrence of neonatal and congenital hypothyroidism in some areas of the United States.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Hyperthyroidism
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Hypothyroidism
Too much cortisol is known as Cushing's Syndrome. The adrenal glands, which are located on top of the kidneys in the abdomen, secrete the hormone cortisol. If too much cortisol is made by the child's adrenals, or if large doses of the hormone are given to the child to treat certain diseases, Cushing's syndrome may develop. Children with this syndrome grow slowly, gain weight excessively, and may experience delayed puberty due to the effects of the abnormally large amounts of cortisol in the body.
There is currently no treatment to promote growth in people with achondroplasia. Therapy is directed toward prevention and treatment of complications. Surgery is now being performed on an experimental basis to lengthen the arms and legs of those with achondroplasia. It is an arduous procedure, often involving many complications.
NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES & MALABSORPTION PROBLEMS
Kwashiorkor is a protein/calorie deficiency disorder that causes children to grow slowly and have very little resistance to disease. It is most common among very poor people in developing countries. However, it can occur anywhere if a child's protein and/or calorie requirements are not met over a period of time. If detected early, it can be treated.
Malabsorption syndromes, such as that associated with Celiac Disease, can cause similar problems even though nutritional intake appears to be adequate.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Celiac Disease
High levels of lead, a toxic metal, may cause growth problems. A hair analysis can be done to rule out metal toxicity.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Lead Toxicity & Poisoning
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Hair Analysis
A large amount of research is being done on growth problems. Interestingly, some studies have indicated that shorter people may live longer than people of average height.
Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa) is a valuable source of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that promote the proper functioning of the pituitary gland. Alfalfa delivers excellen health benefits, is a rich natural source of Chlorophyll. vitamins, minerals, and Protein which supports a health colon. It can be taken in tablet or capsule form, as well as be eaten in a natural form such as alfalfa sprouts. Alfalfa promotes pituitary gland function. Alfalfa is useful to generate energy and endurance. A tonic for the whole family, due to its highly nutritive value.
Alfalfa's deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sunlight, nutrients including Beta Carotene and Chlorophyll are made available to the body in a usable form. A homeopathic Alfalfa tonic helps to relieve fatigue, stress, and sleeplessness. Alfalfa Powder is a supplement which can be blended into vegetable juices or used in baking or in vegetarian dishes. It is 20-percent Protein and 15-percent Fiber; plus it contains 16 amino acids, 13 trace minerals and 13 vitamins. Alfalfa is also a rich source of Vitamin K and is a whole food supplement highly valued for its nutrition.
Chlorophyll is a unique substance found in all green plants and is sometimes called the blood of plant life. Identified as sodium-copper chlorophyllin, this water soluble extract is often derived from alfalfa through a natural process. Barley Grass, Wheat Grass, Chlorella, Spirulina, and Green Foods.
DIET & NUTRITIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS
Eat a well-balanced diet high in healthful sources of protein. Protein is necessary for growth.
Include in the diet foods high in the amino acid arginine. Arginine is used in the body is used by the body to synthesize another amino acid, Ornithine, which promotes the release of natural growth hormone. Good food sources of arginine include carob, coconut, dairy products, gelatin, oats, peanuts, soybeans, walnuts, wheat, and wheat germ.
MoonDragon's Nutrition Index & Guidelines, Menu and Food Guides
The following nutrients are important for healing once appropriate local treatment has been administered. Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments Very Important Alfalfa As directed on label. A good source of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that help promote the proper functioning of the pituitary gland. It can be taken in capsule form, as well as eaten in a natural form such as alfalfa sprouts. Cod Liver Oil As directed on label. Contains Vitamin A and Vitamin D, needed for proper growth and for strong tissue and bones. Essential Fatty Acids Complex As directed on label. For normal growth. Kelp As directed on label. Contains natural iodine. An iodine deficiency can cause growth problems. A rich source of important vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. L-Lysine As directed on label, on an empty stomach. Take with water or juice. Do not take with milk. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. Needed for normal growth and bone development. Caution: Do not take this supplement for longer than 6 months at a time. Zinc As directed on label. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Deficiency has been linked to growth problems. Use Zinc Gluconate lozenges or OptiZinc for best absorption. Important Calcium As directed on label. Needed for normal bone growth. Works with Magnesium. Magnesium As directed on label. Needed for normal bone growth. Works with Calcium. Free-Form Amino Acid Complex As directed on label. Deficiency has been linked to growth disorders. Raw Pituitary Glandular As directed on label. For children. Stimulates growth. Helpful Acidophilus
As directed on label. For bowel flora replacement of necessary friendly bacteria to improve assimilation and elimination. L-Ornithine As directed on label or by health care provider. Helps promote release of growth hormone. Use only under a health care provider's suppervision. Multi-Glandular Complex As directed on label. For the endocrine, hormonal, and enzyme systems. Vitamin B-Complex 50 mg of each major B-Vitamin daily. Amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary. B-Vitamins work best when taken together. Plus Extra
50 mg three times daily, with meals. Needed for the uptake of the amino acids and for proper growth.
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
You or your child has have symptoms of a growth disorder. Medical evaluation will be required to determine underlying health issues.
HELPFUL RELATED LINKS
WebMD: Diagnosing Growth Problems - Watch WebMD Video
FamilyVillage: Growth Disorders - Organizations & Links
The DRM WebWatcher: Growth Disorders - Links
KidsHealth: Growth Problems
Growth Disorders - Types
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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GROWTH DISORDER SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.