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Glaucoma is a serious eye disease marked by an increase in the pressure that the fluids within the eyeball exert on other parts of the eye. If this pressure is unrelieved, it may harm the retina and ultimately damage the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss, even blindness. It is most common in people over 35 years of age, in nearsighted people, and in people with high blood pressure.
FREQUENCY & RISK CONCERNS
Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that affect the optic nerve and can lead to irreversible vision loss. It is usually, but not always, associated with elevated fluid pressure within the eye. All forms of glaucoma can cause damage to the optic nerve and lead to vision loss, even blindness, if left untreated.
Glaucoma is characterized by abnormally high intraocular pressure, which is the pressure that the fluids within the eyeball exert on the other parts of the eye. If this pressure is unrelieved, it damages, the retina and ultimately destroys the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss and even total blindness.
More than 2.2 million Americans have been diagnosed with glaucoma and as many as 2 million more could have it and not yet know. It is one of the leading causes of blindness, and is expected to become more prevalent in years to come due to the growing population of older adults. Those at greatest risk are people over the age of 60; people of African ancestry; and people with diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), severe myopia (nearsightedness), or a family history of glaucoma. Smokers have an elevated risk, as do those who have sustained eye injuries or who have used steroids (corticosteroid preparations) for an extended period of time. Many cases of glaucoma go undetected until vision loss begins.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Eye Disorders & Problems: Glaucoma
GLAUCOMA FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
There are two basic categories of glaucoma.
CLOSED ANGLE OR ACUTE GLAUCOMA
The more severe (and, fortunately, less common) form of this disorder is called acute glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma. Closed-angle glaucoma is much more insidious than open-angle forms because it almost never manifests any symptoms until very late in the condition. By that time, vision may be irreversibly damaged.
Closed-angle glaucoma accounts for about 15-percent of all reported cases, but it comes on quickly and requires urgent medical attention. If left untreated, it can irreversibly damage the optic nerve, which carries visual images from the eye to the brain, causing blindness - sometimes in a matter of days. Attacks of this type of glaucoma occur when the channel through which the eye's fluids normally drain become constricted or obstructed. This is usually due to narrowing or hardening of the exit channels from the eyes, and it results in extreme pain, poor vision, and even blindness. It is considered a medical emergency. Early warning signs that a problem may be developing include:
Symptoms of the acute attack itself include:
- Eye pain or discomfort mainly in the morning.
- Blurred vision.
- Seeing halos around lights.
- Inability of the pupils to adjust to a dark room.
These symptoms come on very rapidly and may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Permanent vision damage can occur in as little as three to five days, making treatment within the first 24 to 48 hours imperative.
- Throbbing eye pain.
- Loss of sight, especially peripheral vision.
- Pupils that are fixed in a mildly dilated condition and do not respond to light properly.
- A sharp increase in the pressure in the inner eye, especially on one side.
CHRONIC OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA
The most common form of glaucoma, accounting for 90-percent of all cases of this disorder, is chronic open-angle glaucoma. It is estimated that as many as 3 million Americans are believed to have this form of glaucoma. Yet because this disorder causes no symptoms until it is quite advanced, only about half of those who have it are aware of it. Chronic glaucoma usually appears in middle age and seems to have a genetic component. One out of five sufferers has a close relative with the condition. Health care providers often refer to chronic glaucoma as the "sneak thief in the night" because it comes on gradually to steal your vision. In open-angle glaucoma, there is no physical blockage and the structures of the eye appear normal, but the drainage of fluid nevertheless is inadequate to keep the intraocular pressure at a normal level. While the acute form of glaucoma is a frightening prospect, especially to those in high-risk categories, chronic glaucoma is much more insidious because it almost never manifests any symptoms until very late in the condition. By that time, vision may be irreversibly damaged. The most pronounced symptoms of open-angle glaucoma are:
Other possible symptoms include:
- The gradual loss or "darkening" of peripheral vision. Peripheral vision is the ability to see "out of the corner of the eye" and the loss of this ability leaves a person with "tunnel" vision.
- A marked decrease in night vision or the inability of the eye to adjust to darkness.
OTHER FORMS OF GLAUCOMA
- Chronic low-grade headaches (often mistaken for tension headaches).
- The need for frequent changes in eyeglass prescription.
- And/or seeing halos around electric lights.
Secondary Glaucoma and it is usually associated with another eye disease or disorder, such as an enlarged cataract, uveitis (an inner-eye inflammation), and eye tumor, or an eye injury. People suffering from diabetes are also susceptible to neovascular glaucoma, a particularly severe form of the disease.
Congenital Glaucoma is an extremely rare condition affecting babies, 80-percent of cases occur by age 1. In infants, teary or cloudy eyes, unusual sensitivity to light and enlarged corneas are signs of congenital glaucoma.
In some cases, glaucoma manifests itself even though there is normal fluid pressure within the eye. This form of glaucoma is called normotensive (normal-tension) glaucoma, or NTG, and accounts for about 15-percent of all cases. With this condition, the optic nerve is damaged and vision is impaired much the same way as in open-angle glaucoma, but without the increased fluid pressure. This has led many researchers to shift their focus in recent years to the optic nerve itself. Mechanisms other than pressure may cause changes in the eye that can cause damage to the optic nerve.
Glaucoma probably has many causes, but many scientists believe it is closely related to stress and nutritional problems, and is closely related to other disorders such as diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension). Some suspect that excessive amounts of glutamic acid, a non-essential amino acid also known as glutamate, may be involved. Glaucoma has also been linked with a deficiency in nitric oxide, a molecule that is critical for healthy blood vessels. Problems with collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body, have been linked to glaucoma.
The eye's lens, iris, and cornea are continuously bathed and nourished by a water-based fluid called aqueous humor. As new fluid is produced by cells inside the eye, excess fluid normally drains out through a complex network of tissue called drainage angle, where the cornea and iris meet. An imbalance between the rate of production of aqueous humor and the rate of drainage will bring on chronic, or open-angle, glaucoma. This is the most prevalent form of the ailment and generally develops slowly with age.
Some people apparently inherit a condition of the inner eye in which the iris can block normal drainage channels. When this happens, the fluid does not drain out of the eye fast enough, and the sudden pressure from fluid buildup causes acute glaucoma. In newborns, defects in the drainage angle are the cause of congenital glaucoma. Both conditions need prompt medical attention to prevent potential loss of sight.
Problems with collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body, have been linked to glaucoma. Collagen acts to increase the strength and elasticity of tissues in the body, especially those of the eye. Collagen and tissue abnormalities at the back of the eye contribute to the "clogging" of the tissues through which intraocular fluid normally drains. The result is elevated inner eye pressure that leads to glaucoma and related vision loss. Conditions characterized by errors of collagen metabolism are frequently associated with eye disorders.
PREVENTION & RISK FACTORS
There is no sure way to prevent glaucoma, but early treatment helps slow the disease. If you are in a high-risk group for glaucoma, get regular eye checkups (at least once every two to three years) or follow your health care provider's recommended schedule. Risk factors for developing glaucoma include:
- Being of African, Hispanic, Inuit, Irish, Japanese, Russian or Scandinavian descent.
- Having a family history of glaucoma.
- Being older than age 40.
- Having poor vision.
- Having diabetes.
- Taking steroidal medications.
- Having high blood pressure.
Procedures for glaucoma screening are brief and painless. Your optometrist will routinely measure your inner-eye pressure (IOP) with an air-puff tonometer; an ophthalmologist may use a more sensitive instrument called an applanation tonometer. But the mere presence of higher-than-normal pressure within the eye does not mean that you have glaucoma: Slight pressure in your eye without evidence of damage to your optic nerve is called ocular hypertension. In most cases, this condition calls only for repeat testing at regular intervals to check for early signs of nerve damage. Experts now believe that a simple pressure test is inadequate for diagnosis of glaucoma.
If glaucoma is suspected, your ophthalmologist may dilate your eyes and examine the optic nerve with a hand-held ophthalmoscope or other lens. You should have a visual field test, which measures your peripheral, or side, vision.
Congenital glaucoma is difficult to diagnose because a child under a year old cannot describe the symptoms. If the cornea in your child's eye appears cloudy, a congenital condition may be present. Babies are routinely checked for the disorder at birth, but if you suspect congenital glaucoma, see a pediatric ophthalmologist at once.
CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT
There is no cure for glaucoma, and any damage to vision is irreversible. Treatment of glaucoma requires measures to control the flow and drainage of aqueous humor in the eye, restoring the normal balance of inner-eye pressure. Chronic glaucoma may not be noticed until it has progressed to a relatively advanced stage, but it can usually be controlled. Both medical and surgical approaches have high rates of success in treating chronic glaucoma but you can help yourself by relieving stress and getting regular eye exams. Acute glaucoma is different: If the pressure of excess fluid in the eye is not relieved quickly, the result can be blindness.
Appropriate therapy depends on the nature and stage of the ailment. Your ophthalmologist may not prescribe any therapy for ocular hypertension when the pressure in your eye is minimal; periodic evaluation with close monitoring of your peripheral vision and of the appearance of the optic nerve may be sufficient.
Chronic open-angle glaucoma is typically managed or can often be controlled through the use of medication, usually in the form of eye drops. Several types of these medications are available. Often an ophthalmologist has to experiment a little to find the specific one that works most effectively for a particular individual. However, many people with glaucoma find that the eye drops cause severe headaches and other side effects. This problem can often be alleviated by changing the prescription. If headaches persist, it may help to adjust the schedule for taking the medication so that it interferes with normal activities as little as possible.
There are several classes of eye drops. Those that contain epinephrine or pilocarpine help increase fluid outflow but may have undesirable side effects: Pilocarpine may cause headaches and blurred vision; epinephrine may cause excessively red, teary eyes and in rare cases may aggravate heart problems. Eye drops containing beta-adrenergic blockers such as timolol, betaxolol and levobunolol may have heart or lung side effects. Eye drops called prostaglandins -- such as latanoprost (Xalatan), travoprost (Travatan), unoprostone ophthalmic (Rescula), or bimatoprost (Lumigan) -- may cause lighter colored eyes to turn brown in some people. Some other drops can cause allergic reactions in the eye. Oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitors help decrease fluid production but may cause stomach upset or tingling hands and feet. Because of potential drug interactions, your ophthalmologist should know before prescribing eye drops about any other medications you take.
If your eye drops fail to control intraocular pressure and your chronic glaucoma does not respond to medication, or if you cannot tolerate the side effects, your health care provider may recommend one of several surgical techniques. These include, but are not limited to:
Trabeculoplasty creates 50 to 100 small laser burns at the drainage angle, where the iris and cornea meet, making tiny holes in the meshwork through which the aqueous fluid normally drains thus opening up blocked drainage channels and increasing the outflow rate of aqueous fluid. This relatively brief procedure can be done in an ophthalmologist's office.
Trabeculectomy creates an artificial channel for fluid outflow in advanced cases in which the inner-eye pressure is high and the optic nerve continues to be damaged. Results vary, but generally the success rate is high.
There is no cure for glaucoma, and any damage to vision is irreversible. Chronic open-angle glaucoma can often be controlled through the use of medication, usually in the form of eye drops. Several types of these medications are available. Often an ophthalmologist has to experiment with medications to find the specific one that will work most effectively for a particular person. However, many people with glaucoma find that the eye drops cause severe headaches and other side effects. This problem can often be alleviated by changing the prescription. If headaches persist, it may help to adjust the schedule for taking the medication so it interferes with normal activities as little as possible.
Several studies have shown that smoking marijuana can help reduce intraocular pressure. However, marijuana is not recommended in the treatment of glaucoma for a variety of reasons, not least of which is its illegal status in many states. However, slowly, the laws are changing allowing medicinal uses of Marijuana. Marijuana tends to increase the heart rate and lower blood pressure, which could compromise blood flow to the optic nerve. Also, the mechanisms by which marijuana lowers intraocular pressure are not fully understood, not has it been shown that marijuana can work safely and effectively as many FDA-approved drugs currently on the market. More reliable research should be considered.
Surgery has certain advantages over medication, such as reduced out-of-pocket costs. However, it has disadvantages as well. An estimated 40-percent of people who undergo surgery for glaucoma experience no improvement, and the procedure may have to be repeated; approximately 15-percent report a decline in their quality of life after surgery.
A new technique called selective laser trabeculoplasty, or SLT, is now used to lower pressure inside the eye. The outpatient procedure works by activating only pigment-containing cells, which through a series of events causes the release of cytokines that lead to microphage recruitment, along with other changes, to lower the pressure within the eye. SLT can zero in on specific cells without causing thermal damage to surrounding tissue, thus it can be repeated if necessary. The older Argon laser therapy can be used only twice in a lifetime due to collateral damage.
For acute closed-angle glaucoma attacks, surgery is usually necessary. Even though only one eye may be affected initially, the ophthalmologist performing the surgery will likely recommend that you have the surgical procedure on both eyes to prevent a second attack.
The conventional treatment for acute closed-angle glaucoma is to immediately reduce eye pressure by employing an osmotic diuretic agent, followed by surgery. These osmotic agents (applied as eye drops) almost always act immediately to alleviate symptoms. However, surgery is still recommended because without it, the attacks are likely to recur, and each attack can cause additional irreversible vision damage. Using only osmotic agents can lull a person into thinking that his or her condition is improving while in fat it is worsening rapidly.
Agents that act to dilate the pupils, such as ephedra and belladonna, should be avoided at all costs.
Vitamin C supplementation has been demonstrated to lower intraocular pressure in several clinical studies. Nearly normal tension levels have been achieved in some people who were unresponsive to conventional therapies. Intravenouse administration of Vitamin C has yielded even greater initial pressure reduction, but close monitoring by a health care provider is necessary to determine required dosage. The role vitamin C plays in collagen formation may be the key to its action.
Bioflavonoid supplementation prevents the breakdown of Vitamin C in the body before it is metabolized. It also improves capillary integrity and stabilizes the collagen matrix by preventing free radical damage. The bioflavonoid Rutin is known to help in lowering ocular pressure when used in conjunction with conventional drugs. Bilberry extract is particularly rich in this beneficial flavonoid compound. It is also good for diabetic retinopathy.
Corticosteroids can induce glaucoma by destroying collagen structures in the eye. If you must take corticosteroids, you should take the smallest amount possible and for the shortest possible time. If you have glaucoma, you should avoid these medications entirely.
There are many types of glaucoma medications available. Most are in eye drop form and are administered several times a day. Types of medications your health care provider may prescribe include:
- Miotic, which increase the outflow of aqueous (liquid) from the eye. Examples include Pilocarpine (Adsorbocarpine, Ocu-Carpine, Piloptic, and others), Carbachol (Carbastat, Carboptic, and others), and echothiophate (Phospholine Iodine).
- Epinephrine compounds, which lower intraocular pressure by increasing the outflow of aqueous from the eye.
- Beta-blockers, which can reduce the amount of aqueous humor produced in the eye. Examples include betaxolol (Betoptic) and Timolol (Timoptic).
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and alpha-adrenergic agonists, which also work to reduce the amount of aqueous humor. Examples include Acetazolamide (Dazamide, Diamox, and others) and Methazolamide (Neptazane).
- Prostaglandin analogs, which work near the drainage area of the eye to increase the secondary route of aqueous outflow to lower pressure. Latanoprost (Xalatan) is one such drug.
Many of the same medications used to treat open-angle glaucoma are also used to treat angle-closure glaucoma. Several medications that help to reduce intraocular pressure can have potentially serious side effects, such as headaches or respiratory problems.
Beta-blocking eye drops, which are often prescribed for people with glaucoma, have a number undesirable of side effects. They tend to cause unfavorable changes in blood fats, lowering the proportion of high-density lipoproteins (the so-called "good" cholesterol) to low-density lipoproteins (or "bad" cholesterol). In addition, the incidence of hip fracture among beta-blocker users is roughly three times greater than that seen in the general population. This is attributed to the dizziness and fainting experienced by some people who take these medications. Vision loss compounds the risk of falls and other accidents. Hip fracture is a major health threat among post-menopausal women.
Some laser surgery treatments are being used to improve fluid drainage in the eyes, frequently in conjunction with other medications. Other surgical procedures have a fairly high success rate, but are usually used only when traditional medications fail.
The best way to prevent vision loss due to glaucoma is to receive regular eye exams from a qualified ophthalmologist. This is especially important if you fall into one of the risk categories.
Bilberry (Vaccinium Myrtillus) contains flavonoids and nutrients needed to protect the eyes from further damage. Bilberry Leaf is used in connection with vascular and blood disorders and shows positive effects when treating varicose veins, thrombosis, and angina.
Fresh Blueberries and Red Raspberry Leaf can be used for flavonoid properties and nutrients to protect the eyes.
Chickweed and Eyebright are good for all eye disorders.
Coleus Forskohlii, an Ayurvedic herb, has been shown to reduce eye pressure. Forskolin, an extract from the coleus plant, has been reported by Yale University to be effective for glaucoma, without causing side effects.
Eye baths using warm Fennel tea, alternating with Chamomile and Eyebright, are helpful. Or use an eye dropper and apply 3 drops to each eye three times a day. Always dilute any herbal preparations used in the eyes. Caution: do not use Chamomile on an ongoing basis, as ragweed allergy may result. Avoid it completely if you are allergic to ragweed.
A combination of Gingko Biloba Extract and Zinc Sulfate may slow progressive vision loss. Ginkgo biloba extract has been proven to support healthy circulation to the brain as well as the extremities.
Jaborandi is a rainforest herb that contains pilocarpine, used for more than 120 years to relieve intraocular pressure in glaucoma. Caution: Do not use this herb if you have pleurisy, are nursing, or have excess fatty tissue around the heart.
Rose Hips supply valuable flavonoids and vitamin C.
Avoid: the herbs Ephedra (Ma Huang) and Licorice.
NUTRITION & LIFESTYLE RECOMMENDATIONS
Follow the Supplement Program outlined below.
Alpha Lipoic Acid is central to recycling other antioxidants like Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and GSH glutathione.
B Vitamins, as found in a Vitamin B-Complex, are precursors of coenzymes involved in the conversion of cellular energy, manufacture of hormones and proteins, and repair and maintenance of nerve structures.
Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids provides antioxidant protection for many of the body's important enzyme systems.
Exercise regularly. Research has shown that people with open-angle glaucoma who exercise at least 3 times a week can reduce intraocular pressure by 20 percent or more. If they stop exercising, the pressure again begins to build up. Exercise does not appear to have the same benefits for people with closed-angle glaucoma.
If your ophthalmologist recommends medication to control glaucoma and it is working to your satisfaction, continue to use it faithfully. Also take Vitamin C in high doses, but only under supervision.
If you are using eye drops to reduce intraocular pressure, make sure you know how to administer the eye drops properly to ensure that your eyes receive a sufficient amount of the medication. If improperly administered, eye drops can roll of the eye, spill down your cheek, or even get absorbed into your own tear duct. It can be difficult to gauge how effective you are at administering your own eye drops. Ask your ophthalmologist for help in finding the best method. It also helps to occasionally have someone watch you administer the drops to make sure they are getting into the eye. It is also a good idea to close your eye gently for a minute or two after administering eye drops to give time for the medication to be absorbed.
Avoid prolonged eye stress such as watching television, reading, and using a computer for long periods. If you must engage in close work for any length of time, take periodic "focus breaks" and every 20 minutes or so, raise your eyes and focus on something in the distance for a minute or so.
Avoid tobacco smoke, coffee, alcohol, nicotine, and all caffeine.
Drink only small amounts of liquid at any given time.
Avoid taking high doses of Niacin (over a total of 200 mg daily).
GLAUCOMA ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
By Glaucoma Research Foundation
Proponents of homeopathic medicine believe that symptoms represent the body's attack against disease, and that substances which induce the symptoms of a particular disease or diseases can help the body ward off illness.
Holistic medicine is a system of health care designed to assist individuals in harmonizing mind, body, and spirit. Some of the more popular therapies include good nutrition, physical exercise, and self-regulation techniques including meditation, biofeedback and relaxation training. While holistic treatments can be part of a good physical regimen, many Allopathic practitioners state that there is no proof of their usefulness in glaucoma therapy.
EATING & DRINKING
No conclusive studies prove a connection between specific foods and glaucoma, but it is reasonable to assume that what you eat and drink and your general health have an effect on the disease.
Some studies have shown that significant caffeine intake over a short time can slightly elevate intraocular eye pressure (IOP) for one to three hours. However, other studies indicate that caffeine has no meaningful impact on IOP. To be safe, people with glaucoma are advised to limit their caffeine intake to moderate levels.
Studies have also shown that as many as 80-percent of people with glaucoma who consume an entire quart of water over the course of twenty minutes experience elevated IOP, as compared to only 20-percent of people who do not have glaucoma. Since many commercial diet programs stress the importance of drinking at least eight glasses of Water each day, to be safe, people with glaucoma are encouraged to consume water in small amounts throughout the day.
The ideal way to ensure a proper supply of essential vitamins and minerals is by eating a balanced diet. If you are concerned about your own diet, you may want to consult with your health care provider about taking a Multivitamin or Multimineral nutritional supplements.
Some of the vitamins and minerals important to the eye include Zinc and Copper, antioxidants Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Vitamin A (as Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex), and Selenium, an antioxidant mineral.
While no disease in humans has been proven to arise as a result of Vitamin E deficiency, Vitamin E added to regular glaucoma medication improved visual fields in a majority of patients studied. Vitamin E has also shown promise in the treatment of premature retinopathy.
HERBS - BILBERRY
An extract of the European Blueberry, Bilberry is available through online or catalog mail ordering and in some health food stores. It is most often advertised as an antioxidant eye health supplement that advocates claim can protect and strengthen the capillary walls of the eyes, and thus is especially effective in protecting against glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration. There is some data indicating that Bilberry may improve night vision and recovery time from glare, but there is no evidence that it is effective in the treatment or prevention of glaucoma.
Remember that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not tested homeopathic remedies for safety or effectiveness. There is no guarantee that they contain consistent ingredients, or that dosage recommendations are accurate. It would be a serious mistake to use homeopathic remedies and dismiss valid therapies, delaying proven treatment for serious conditions. Consult with a qualified alternative health care provider before using an alternative therapy.
Bilberry Herbal Supplement Products
There is some evidence suggesting that regular exercise can reduce eye pressure on its own, and can also have a positive impact on other glaucoma risk factors including diabetes and high blood pressure.
In a recent study, people with glaucoma who exercised regularly for three months reduced their IOPs an average of 20-percent. These people rode stationary bikes 4 times per week for 40 minutes. Measurable improvements in eye pressure and physical conditioning were seen at the end of three months. These beneficial effects were maintained by continuing to exercise at least three times per week; lowered IOP was lost if exercise was stopped for more than two weeks.
In an ongoing study, glaucoma patients who walked briskly 4 times per week for 40 minutes were able to lower their IOP enough to eliminate the need for beta blockers. Final results are not available, but there is hope that glaucoma patients with extremely high IOP who maintain an exercise schedule and continue beta-blocker therapy could significantly reduce their IOP.
Regular exercise may be a useful addition to the prevention of visual loss from glaucoma, but only your eye care provider can assess the effects of exercise on your eye pressure. Some forms of glaucoma (such as closed-angle) are not responsive to the effects of exercise, and other forms of glaucoma (for example, pigmentary glaucoma) may actually develop a temporary increase in IOP after vigorous exercise. And remember - exercise cannot replace medications, therapies, or health care provider visits!
YOGA & RECREATIONAL BODY INVERSION
The long-term effects of repeatedly assuming a head-down or inverted position on the optic nerve head (the nerve that carries visual images to the brain) have not been adequately demonstrated, but due to the potential for increased IOP, people with glaucoma should be careful about these kinds of exercises.
Glaucoma patients should let their health care providers know if yoga shoulder and headstands or any other recreational body inversion exercises that result in head-down or inverted postures over extended periods of time are part of their exercise routines.
The results of studies regarding changes in IOP following relaxation and biofeedback sessions have generated some optimism in controlling selected cases of open-angle glaucoma, but further research is needed.
However, findings that reduced blood pressure and heart rate can be achieved with relaxation and biofeedback techniques show promise that non-medicinal and non-surgical techniques may be effective methods of treating and controlling open-angle glaucoma.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Eye Disorders & Problems: Glaucoma
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Biofeedback
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Meditation
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Relaxation
Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments Essential Vitamin A 50,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. Promotes healthy eyes, skin and hair. Needed for good eyesight. Essential in formation of visual purple, the substance necessary for night vision. Plus
& Carotene Complex
25,000 IU daily, with meals
Carotene complex, as directed on label.
Needed for all eye disorders. Plus
As directed on label. Lutein is an antioxidant that can help protect the retina from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light and free radical damage. Needed for all eye disorders. And
As directed on label. Antioxidant needed for all eye disorders. Plus
50 mg 3 times daily. An important bioflavonoid that works with Vitamin C and aids in reducing pain and intraocular pressure. Vitamin B-Complex 100 mg three times daily of each major B-Vitamin. Amounts of individual vitamins in a complex may vary. The B-Vitamins help prevent loss of eyelashes, offers nerve support, and stress management. B-vitamins work best when taken together. Use sublingual form. Injections under a health care provider's supervision may be necessary. Whenever stress is a factor, B-Complex injections are a good idea. Plus
50 mg daily. Important for intracellular eye metabolism. Plus Extra
50 mg daily. Deficiency has been linked to cataracts. Plus Extra
As directed on label. Important for eye health. Niacin improves circulation by relaxing arteries and veins, increasing blood flow. Caution: Do not take niacin if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure. Plus Extra
100 mg 3 times daily. Anti-stress vitamin needed for the adrenal glands and an essential constituent of conenzyme A, needed for many vital metabolic processes. Plus Extra
50 mg 3 times daily. Involved in cellular reproduction. Deficiencies have been associated with bloodshot eyes. Plus
2 tablespoons daily. An excellent source of protein and a good source of B-Vitamins. Vitamin C
10,000 to 15,000 daily, in divided doses. Under a health care providers supervision you can increase the dose to 30,000 mg dialy. See Ascorbic Acid Flush. Reduces intraocular pressue. Important antioxidants and necessary free radical destroyers. Required for tissue growth and repair. Amino Acids Complex As directed on label. Take on an empty stomach 1/2 hour before meals. To supply protein, needed for healing and repair of tissue. Use a formula containing both essential and non-essential amino acids. Multivitamin
As directed on label. All nutrients are needed in balance for good health, for healing, and to reduce intraocular pressure . Selenium 200 mcg daily. Promotes the action of Vitamin E. Caution: Do not take supplemental Selenium if you are pregnant or have heart, kidney, or liver disease. Vitamin E Start with 200 to 400 IU daily and increase by 200 IU each week until you reach 1,000 IU daily. Vitamin E added to regular glaucoma medication improved visual fields. Helpful in removing particles from the lens of the eye. Antioxidant properties protect the lens and other eye tissues. Use d-alpha-tocopherol. Caution: If you are taking blood-thinning medication, consult your health care provider before taking Vitamin E. Zinc 50 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from ll supplements. Essential in activating Vitamin A from the liver. Very beneficial in glaucoma therapy. Aids in cleansing and in healing processes. Zinc sulfate form is recommended. Plus
3 mg daily. Needed to balance with Zinc. Very Important Choline 1,000 to 2,000 mg daily. Important B-Vitamin for the eyes and brain. And
1,000 to 2,000 mg daily. Important B-Vitamins for the eyes and brain. Or
As directed on label. A good source of choline and inositol. Glutathione 500 mg twice daily, on an empty stomach. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. A powerful antioxidant that protects the lens and maintains the molecular integrity of the lens fiber membranes. Taurine As directed on label. An antioxidant that protects the lens of the eye. Use the liquid or sublingual form. Essential Fatty Acids As directed on label. Take with meals. Protects and aids repair of new tissues and cells. Arginine As directed on label. Facilitates natural synthesis of nitric oxide, which promotes healthy blood vessels. Note: Avoid Arginine if you are pregnant or have cataracts, colitis, or a viral infection such as herpes. Helpful Alpha Lipoic Acid 150 mg daily. An important antioxidant. Improves visual functions. Magnesium 500 to 1,000 mg daily. Dilates blood vessels, enhancing flow to the eyes.
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
If you have symptoms of acute glaucoma. You need immediate medical attention to prevent potentially permanent eye damage or blindness.
If you become drowsy, fatigued or short of breath after using eye drops containing beta-adrenergic blockers such as timolol, betaxolol or levobunolol. The medication may be aggravating a heart or lung problem.
If you are prescribed drugs for other ailments. Many medications, especially those used to treat stomach and intestinal disorders, as well as some allergy or medications, may aggravate glaucoma.
If You are having problems with your vision and/or suspect an infection of your eye.
If You have allergies that may be causing visual problems.
You have been exposed to toxic substances that are affecting your eyesight.
If you or a family member (such as a child) is having problems distinguishing colors or find colors confusing. This member may need to be tested for color blindness.
If you or a family member are having problems with vision and/or you suspect an infection. Call your health care provider immediately if you experience severe eye pain or a sudden change in your vision, such as loss of vision or double vision.
If you have any increase of symptoms. You may need frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription. If you have blurred or double vision that develops slowly; are having a problem seeing because of daytime glare or have difficulty driving at night because of glare from headlights, you need to see your health care provider.
If you have any unexpected or unusual symptoms. There may be underlying health issues that need to be addressed.
If you are having vision problems that are affecting your ability to perform daily activities.
Call your child's health care provider if your baby does not look directly at or respond readily to faces or large, colorful objects by age 2 to 3 months or if your child scowls, squints, or shields his or her eyes more than expected when in sunlight, or light seems to hurt your child's eyes.
You and your family members should have your eyesight checked regularly by your health care provider to rule out any problems and to receive a prescription for contacts or eyeglasses, if they are needed. Preserve you vision. It is very important.
The Glaucoma Foundation
Lighthouse International: Hope When Vision Fails
All About Vision: Low Vision Aids for Computer Users
WebMD: Glaucoma: Topic Overview
EYE CARE SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products for eye health care, including cataracts, dry eyes, and other eye-related conditions.
EYE CARE & SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Alive Multi-Nutrient Products Alpha Carotene Supplement Products Antioxidant Complex Products Beta Carotene Products Bilberry Herbal Poducts Bioflavonoids Supplement Products Brewers Yeast Products Carotene Complex Products Carrot Herbal Products Castor Oil Supplement Products Cod LIver Oil Supplement Products EFA Supplement Products Emu Oil Products Eyebright Herbal Products Eye Care Products Eyelash Care Products Fish-Salmon Oil Supplement Products Flaxseed Herbal Products Ginkgo Biloba Herbal Products Hyaluronic Acid Supplement Products
Lutein Supplement Products Lycopene Supplement Products Magnesium Supplement Products Multi-Enzymes Supplement Products Multi-Mineral Supplement Products Multi-Vitamin Supplement Products Neuromins Supplement Products Pinkeye Supplement Products Prenatal Multi-Nutrient Products Selenium Supplement Products Taurine Supplement Products Vitamin A Supplement Products Vitamin B-2 Supplement Products Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products Vitamin B-Complex Products Vitamin C Supplement Products Vitamin E Supplement Products Zeaxanthin Supplement Products Zinc Supplement Products
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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EYE CARE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Vision Enhancement Phyto Capsules, Gaia Herbs, 2685 mg, 60 Caps
Our eyes rely on antioxidants to protect against the oxidative damage that occurs daily. Vision Enhancement promotes healthy vision while supporting normal eye function. With naturally occurring antioxidants such as Anthocyanins from Bilberry, Proanthocyanidins from Grape Seed, and Carotenoids like Lutein and Astaxathin, Vision Enhancement is a protective shield for the eyes. Contains: Bilberry Berry (Vaccinium myrtillus), Vitamin C, Grape Seed (Vitis vinifera), Lutein, Astaxanthan, Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable cellulose (capsule). Each capsule contains the equivalent of 2685 mg. crude herb. 60 capsules per bottle.
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Flents Plastic Eyewash Cup
HerbsPro: OcuSense Eye Health With Lutein, Natrol, 50 Caps
Natrol OcuSense provides a comprehensive blend of the most clinically studied ingredients for eye health. There has never been such a complete and advanced eye-health formula! Keep your future in focus with OcuSense. Eyes are susceptible to the effects of light radiation, accumulated sun exposure, and diet deficiencies. There is also the ever-present threat from free radicals - molecules which constantly bombard healthy cells. Take steps now to help maintain healthy vision during the aging process. OcuSense contains a highly concentrated form of lutein which filters harmful light and acts as an antioxidant, shielding cells from free-radical damage. Most people do not eat the necessary amount of lutein-containing vegetables such as spinach and kale. Clinical research indicates a diet high in lutein may protect against vision loss. This formula includes lutein as well as carrot extract and six recommended vitamins and minerals.
HerbsPro: Bilberry, Ginkgo, Eyebright Complex Plus Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps
This proprietary, antioxidant-rich formula supplies important vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, the vital carotenoid Lutein, and herbal extracts to help improve circulation and decrease free radical damage to bodily tissue, including the eyes and skin.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral Supplements With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 50 Softgels
HerbsPro: Ginkgold Eyes, For Visual Function, Natures Way, 60 Tabs
For visual function. Strengthens capillaries supports healthy connective tissue and microcirculation. Supports the retina and its adaptation to light and dark conditions. Provides lutein and zeaxanthin, two protective carotenoids essential to the macula.
HerbsPro: Raw Eye Glandlar, 100% Pure Bovine Eye Tissue, Ultra Glandulars, 200 mg, 60 Tabs
The eye is nearly a perfect sphere and occupies the anterior part of the frontal cavity of the skull. It is made of three concentric layers: the cornea, iris and the retina. It is one of the most adaptable organs and it's distinctness varies with individuals. It is the organ of sight.
HerbsPro: Eye Care, Canfo Natural Products, 900 mg, 60 Tabs
Eye strain is a serious problem, more than many realize. The liver is believed to nourish and moisten the eyes. When the liver is deficient in nutrients, common problems include blurry vision, myopia, floaters in the eyes, color blindness, or dry eyes. When there is heat in the liver, eyes are likely to be bloodshot, often with a painful or burning sensation. EyeCare focuses on the liver, providing it the nutrients it needs for overall liver health and wellness. Vegan, non-GMO project verified, and gluten free. Supports overall eye health and function. Designed for the heavy computer user, 100% natural herbal supplement.
HerbsPro: Eye Sentials, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
Eye-Sentials is an advanced nutritional supplement designed to maintain ocular health that may decline as a result of dietary deficiencies, aging, toxins, free radical exposure, stress, and sunlight. The formula includes the antioxidants Alpha Lipoic Acid and Beta Carotene; Bilberry Extract, which contains bioflavonoids that support healthy histamine levels and helps remove materials from the retina; Eyebright, an herb that is used extensively for dry, irritated eyes, and eye strain; L-Glutathione and Lutein to help protect the lens from UV rays; Taurine, essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the retina; Quercetin and Rutin, antioxidants to support capillary strength; and Lycopene, a phytonutrient from tomatoes with antioxidant properties.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein Supplements, Bausch & Lomb, 120 Softgels
HerbsPro: Clear Eye Herb Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags
Clear Eye Herb Tea is made of wild Dendrobium (dendrobii caulis), Solomon Seal (polygonati rhizoma) and Abalone Shell (haliotidis concha), Green Tea and Jasmine Flower. They provide dendroxine, dendramine, amino acids, calcium carbonate, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine uses them to nurture the eye and pacify the nervous system, protect retina, and improve eyesight.
HerbsPro: Similasan Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33 oz.
Similasan's unique Active Response Formula homeopathic medicine stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge, & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. The active ingredients in Similasan Eye Drops work effectively with no known side effects and no known drug interactions.
HerbsPro: Eye Stress Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Eye Stress Indications for Use: For fast relief of tense, tired, irritated, red, itchy and burning eyes due to eye strain, stress and overuse; intolerance to artificial light as from computers. For eyes that easily fatigue.
HerbsPro: Allergy & Red Eye Relief Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Allergy & Red Eye Relief Indications for Use: For relief of allergy & red eye - dry, red, itchy, burning, swollen, inflamed, mucoid, watery, conjuntiva, sensitive eyes associated with allergies, hay fever, irritations, overuse.
HerbsPro: Platinum Eye Care Liquid, Natures Answer, 8 fl. oz.
Natural Strawberry Flavor. Synergistically combines vitamins, well known for their antioxidant support, along with minerals, protective phytonutrients, & carotenoids.
HerbsPro: Apricot Eye Care, Better Botanicals, 0.5 oz.
Tighten, brighten and strengthen delicate under-eye skin with this antioxidant power pack. Rejuvenate skin and even skin tone with Ayurvedic herbs rich in Vitamins A, C, B complex, organic protein and calcium. Fine lines will seem to melt away under this tender touch.
HerbsPro: Age Defying Eye Creme With Astazanthin & Pycnogenol, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Astazanthin & Pycnogenol Age-Defying Eye Crème is an intensive age-defying eye creme that soothes and moisturizes for velvety-smooth skin. Helps fight damage and improve the skin health to diminish the appearance of wrinkles for smoother, firmer, younger-looking eyes. Astazanthin and Pycnogenol are two of the most powerful antioxidants that counteract the signs of aging.
HerbsPro: Pycnogenol Eye Gel With Green Tea Extract, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel combines the best of science and nature to offer you continuing benefits for the most vulnerable area of the skin's surface-the tissues surrounding your eyes. Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea are two powerful antioxidants that will penetrate your skin and fight the signs of aging by gently repairing and restoring damaged tissues, while an added ingredient, Witch Hazel, blends in to tighten up the eye area and promote smoothness. Your eyes will not only feel smooth and firm, they will look younger too. In many cases, Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel will even help to reduce under eye puffiness caused by water retention. No animal testing.
HerbsPro: Revitalizing Eye Gel Organic Lavender, Avalon Organics, 1 oz.
Product description: for firmer, revitialized and radiant eyes. Brightens, hydrates and soothes delicate eye area with our Peptide Complex and Hyaluronic Acid to reduce the appearance of lines, puffiness and dark circles.
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Green Tea Eye Gel, Alba Botanica, 1 oz.
Alba's collection of natural Hawaiian beauty secrets made with tropical fruit and flower extracts, nourishing nut oils and certified organic aloe vera, revered for their curative and rejuvenating properties, are blended together to create exotic skin care products for soft, healthy, luminous skin. Skin friendly. Maui approved. Alba Hawaiian Skin Care products are made with only hypo-allergenic ingredients within the vegetarian ethic, and no animal testing. Certified organic aloe vera and green tea antioxidants soothe, smooth and protect delicate eye area. 100% Vegetarian Ingredients. No Animal Testing. PH Balanced.
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Regular, Nexcare, 20 Units
Highly breathable backing - 10 times better than Coverlet brand. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent non-stick pad. Ideal for treating Strabismus (lazy eye) and for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive. Regular size patches measure 3.189 inches x 2.185 inches oval (81 mm x 55.5 mm).
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Junior, Nexcare, 20 Units
Doctor recommended. Gentle to skin. Sticks well, yet removes easily. Highly breathable backing. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent nonstick pad. Ideal for treating strabismus (lazy eye) or for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive.
HerbsPro: Collagen Fibre Eye Pads With Myoxinol, Instant Firming, Reviva, 1 Kit
100% native collagen; amazing salon treatment for under-eye wrinkles, pouches, dark circles. Cut into strips for more economical usage.
Amazon: Eye & Vision Care Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information
EYELASH CARE PRODUCTS
Amazon: Eyelash Care Products
Amazon: Eyelash Curler Products
Amazon: False Eyelashes Products
Amazon: Folligen Products
Amazon: Folligen Eyelash Products
Amazon: Mascara Products
Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information
PINK EYE (CONJUNCTIVITIS) EYE CARE PRODUCTS
Amazon: Pink Eye Supplement Products
Amazon: Conjunctivitis Supplement Products
Amazon: Pink Eye Relief, TRP Company, 0.33 oz.
PinkEye Relief is a homeopathic, sterile eye drop used to provide temporary relief from redness, burning, watering, inflammation, sensation of grittiness and overnight crusting in the eyes. This homeopathic formula stimulates the body's natural ability to temporarily relieve these symptoms.
Amazon: Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33-oz Bottle
Similasan's unique Active Response Formula for Pink Eye Relief stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. Can be used alone, or in conjunction with OTC medications and RX prescriptions. Does not contain harsh chemicals and is safe for extended use. Will not sting or burn. No known side effects or contraindications.
Amazon: Eyebright Drops, Wisdom of the Ages, 1 fl. oz.
Eyebright Drops formulated with natural ingredients for moisturizing, cleansing and rejuvenating the eyes. Contains the benefits of organic Eyebright Herb and MSM in a convenient eye drop. Eyebright Drops serves as an eye tonic to promote good eye health and reduce the discomfort associated with various ocular disorders including vision, eye strain, irritations, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), and dry or weeping eyes. Eyebright naturally contains astringent compounds (agents that shrink tissues and blood), which help reduce redness and naturally brighten and enhance the beauty of the eyes.
Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information
TYPES OF EYE PROBLEMS & DISORDERS
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.