MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
Gas, Intestinal Gas, Breaking Wind, Farting
For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
Everyone has gas. Most people think they have too much of it and passing gas in the wrong place at the wrong time can cause great embarrassment. Flatulence is the state of having excessive stomach or intestinal gas resulting in uncomfortable feelings of bloating as well as increased belching or passing gas from the rectum.
Although passing gas can be distressing social embarrassment, it is not a symptom of a serious disease or considered a life threatening problem.
Flatulence is the production of a mixture of gases in the digestive tract of mammals or other animals that are byproducts of the digestion process. Such a mixture of gases is known as flatus, and is expelled from the rectum in a process colloquially referred to as "farting" or "passing wind". Flatus is brought to the rectum by the same process which causes feces to descend from the large intestine. The noises commonly associated with flatulence are caused by the vibration of the anal sphincter, and occasionally by the closed buttocks. Most people produce about 1 to 3 pints a day and pass gas about 14 times a day.
Nonetheless, if you are concerned about excess gas, it is not a laughing matter. It is a medical concern that you may want to talk about with your health care provider.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Indigestion
FLATULENCE FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of flatulence are increased passage of gas, abdominal bloating or pain, and belching. Embarrassment can be caused by the increased passage of flatus or the often-offensive odor it causes.
- Gas: Everyone passes gas normally each day. A certain amount of gas is present in your GI tract at any one time, mainly in your stomach and colon. The average person passes gas about 10 times each day and up to 20 to 25 times normally. More than that may be excessive.
- Belching: An occasional belch during or after meals is normal and releases gas when the stomach is full of food. But if you belch frequently, you may be swallowing too much air and releasing it before the air enters the stomach. Some people swallow air to make themselves belch, thinking it will relieve their discomfort. This practice may turn into an annoying habit. Belching may signal a more serious upper GI disorder such as peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or gastroparesis.
- Abdominal Bloating: Many people believe that too much gas causes abdominal bloating. However, people who complain of bloating from gas often have normal amounts of gas. They actually may be unusually aware of gas in the digestive tract. A diet of fatty foods may delay stomach emptying and cause bloating and discomfort, but not necessarily too much gas. Certain conditions may cause bloating, such as irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, or colon cancer. People with scar tissue (adhesions) from abdominal operations or internal hernias may have a sensation of bloating because of increased sensitivity to gas.
- Abdominal Pain & Discomfort: Some people have pain when gas is present in the intestine. When pain is on the left side of the colon, it can be confused with heart disease. When the pain is on the right side of the colon, it may mimic gallstones or appendicitis.
Flatus is expelled under pressure through the anus, whereby, as a result of the voluntary or involuntary relaxation of the anal sphincter, the rapid evacuation of gases from the lower intestine occurs. Essentially this happens when the flatus pressure inside the rectum exceeds the anal sphincter's ability to restrain it. Depending upon the relative state of the sphincter (relaxed/tense) and the positions of the buttocks, this often results in a crackling or trumpeting sound, but gas can also be passed quietly. The sound varies depending on the tightness of the sphincter muscle and velocity of the gas being propelled, as well as other factors such as water and body fat. The auditory pitch (sound) of the flatulence outburst can also be affected by the anal embouchure (shape of the sphincter). Among humans, flatulence occasionally happens accidentally, such as incidentally to coughing or sneezing or during orgasm; on other occasions, flatulence can be voluntarily elicited by tensing the rectum or "bearing down" and subsequently releasing the anal sphincter, resulting in the expulsion of flatus.
Flatus is brought to the rectum by the same process which causes feces to descend from the large intestine, and may cause a similar feeling of urgency and discomfort. Nerve endings in the rectum usually enable individuals to distinguish between flatus and feces, although loose stool can confuse the individual, occasionally resulting in accidental defecation, or "sharting."
The characteristic odors of flatulence is attributed to trace gases which include skatole, indole, and sulfurous compounds. The non-odorous gases are mainly nitrogen (ingested), carbon dioxide (produced by aerobic microbes or ingested), and hydrogen (produced by some microbes), as well as lesser amounts of oxygen (ingested) and methane (produced by anaerobic microbes).
Flatus is flammable, as both methane and hydrogen are flammable gases. The odor in flatulence comes from hydrogen sulphide (from foods in the diet) and other sulphur- or nitrogen-containing compounds including methanethiol (methyl mercaptan). Upon lighting a match the hydrogen sulphide will ignite to form water (vapor) and sulphur dioxide. Removing the hydrogen sulphide may also remove the odor, although this has been disputed.
COMPOSITION OF FLATUS GASES
Nitrogen, the main constituent of air, is the primary gas released during flatulence, along with carbon dioxide which is present in higher quantities in those who drink carbonated beverages regularly. The lesser component gases methane and hydrogen are flammable, and so flatus containing adequate amounts of these can be ignited. However, not all humans produce flatus that contains methane. For example, in one study of the feces of nine adults, only five of the samples contained archaea capable of producing methane. Similar results are found in samples of gas obtained from within the rectum.
The gas released during a flatus event frequently has an unpleasant odor which mainly results from low molecular weight fatty acids such as butyric acid (rancid butter smell) and reduced sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide (rotten egg smell) and carbonyl sulphide that are the result of protein breakdown. The incidence of odoriferous compounds in flatus increases from herbivores, such as cattle, through omnivores to carnivorous species, such as cats. Such odor can also be caused by the presence of large numbers of microflora bacteria and/or the presence of feces in the rectum.
The major components of the flatus, which are odorless, by percentage are:
Nitrogen: 20 to 90-percent
Hydrogen: 0 to 50-percent
Carbon Dioxide: 10 to 30-percent
Oxygen: 0 to 10-percent
Methane: 0 to 10-percent
Excess gas in the digestive tract (which is your esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon/large intestine) can come from 2 sources: increased intake of gas, for example, from air you swallow; or increased production of gas as certain undigested foods are broken down by harmless bacteria normally found in your colon. Eating a meal that is too heavy, lactose intolerance and irritable bowel syndrome can also be linked to flatulence.
SWALLOWED AIR (AEROPHAGIA)
Often, something as simple as improper swallowing of too much air (ingested through the nose and mouth) while eating or drinking can be the root of intestinal gas. Increased swallowing during times of excessive salivation (as might occur when nauseated or as the result of gastrointestinal reflux disease) or even unconscious swallowing of air out of habit. Interestingly, excessive air intake also causes belching.
BREAKING DOWN OF UNDIGESTED FOODS
- Activities that cause you to swallow air include rapid drinking, chewing gum, use of tobacco products, sucking on hard candy, drinking carbonated beverages, loose dentures, and hyper-ventilation in anxious people.
- Most people burp or belch to expel this excess swallowed air. The remaining gas moves into your small intestine. Air can be absorbed, but some moves along to the large intestine for release through the rectum.
- Analysis of the gas can help determine if it originated from aerophagia (mostly nitrogen, also oxygen and carbon dioxide) or GI production (mainly carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and methane).
In the large intestine, incompletely digested carbohydrates (for example the sugar, starches, and fiber found in many foods) are fermented by intestinal bacteria. There may be a shortage or absence of certain enzymes in the small intestine to properly digest and absorb food and then this undigested food then passes from the small intestine into the large intestine where normal, harmless bacteria break down the food producing hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and in about 1/3 of all people, methane. The fermentation process of digestion releases the offending gases including nitrogen and hydrogen sulfide, which are usually responsible for the unpleasant odor. If gases cannot escape naturally - because of a temporary blockage, for example - an uncomfortable feeling of fullness and pressure can develop, often accompanied by painful intestinal spasms.
Foods that produce gas in one person may not cause gas in another. Some common bacteria in the large intestine can destroy the hydrogen that other bacteria produce. The balance of the 2 types of bacteria may explain why some people have more gas than others.
Most foods that contain carbohydrates can cause gas. By contrast, fats and proteins cause little gas. These common foods and their natural components may create gas:
- BEANS: Beans contain large amounts of the complex sugar known as raffinose. Smaller amounts are found in cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, and in other vegetables and whole grains.
- STARCHES: Most starches (potatoes, corn, noodles, and wheat) produce gas as they are broken down in the large intestine. Rice is the only starch that does not cause gas.
- ONIONS: The sugar known as fructose occurs naturally in onions, artichokes, pears, and wheat. It is also used as a sweetener in some soft drinks and fruit drinks.
- DARK BEEAR & RED WINE.
- SORBITOL: This sugar is found naturally in fruits including apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is also used as an artificial sweetener in sugar-free gum, candy, and other diet products.
- FIBER: Many foods contain soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber dissolves easily in water and takes on a soft, gel-like texture in the intestines. Found in oat bran, beans, peas, and most fruits, soluble fiber is not broken down until it reaches the large intestine, where digestion causes gas. Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, passes essentially unchanged through the intestines and produces little gas. Wheat bran and some vegetables contain this kind of fiber.
Another major source of flatulence is lactase deficiency, which results in a decreased ability to digest lactose, a natural sugar found in milk and other dairy products such as cheese and ice cream and in certain processed food such as bread, cereal, and salad dressing. This flatulence is often associated with diarrhea and cramping but can appear as only gas. Many people, particularly those of African, Native American, or Asian background, normally have low levels of the enzyme lactase needed to digest lactose after childhood. Also, as people age, their enzyme levels decrease. As a result, over time people may experience increasing amounts of gas after eating food containing lactose.
Certain conditions can result in other foods being poorly absorbed in the GI tract, allowing for increased bacterial activity.
SEXUAL ACTIVITY-RELATED FLATULENCE
- Malabsorption syndromes can be the result of decreased production of enzymes by the pancreas or problems with the gallbladder or lining of the intestines.
- If transit through the colon is slowed down for any reason, bacteria have increased opportunity to ferment remaining material. Therefore, if you are constipated or have decreased bowel function for any reason, flatulence can follow.
- Alterations in bowel habits can be a result of the following:
- Poor dietary fiber.
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS).
- Intestinal obstruction (including cancer).
- Diverticulosis or diverticulitis.
- Poor thyroid function.
- Narcotic and other drug use.
A marked increase in flatulence has been noted in subjects who engage in anal sex. Vaginal "passing of gas" may occur with vaginal sex when air has been pushed into the vaginal vault by aggressive intercourse, but although the sound may be similar, the air is not the same as the gases formed in the intestinal tract by bacteria and there is usually no odor involved with the release of vaginal "air", however anal-sex related flatulence may have the characteristic odor.
HIGH ALTITUDE FLATULENCE
Interest in the causes of flatulence was spurred by high-altitude flight and the space program; the low atmospheric pressure, confined conditions, and stresses peculiar to those endeavors were cause for concern. In the field of mountaineering, High Altitude Flatus Expulsion was first noticed over two hundred years ago.
GAS & PREGNANCY
Gas, like other digestive upsets, is a common complaint during pregnancy. Even foods that cause no difficulties at other times may begin to cause trouble during pregnancy.
Flatulence-producing foods are typically high in certain polysaccharides (especially oligosaccharides such as inulin) and include beans, lentils, dairy products, onions, garlic, scallions, leeks, radishes, sweet potatoes, cashews, Jerusalem artichokes, oats, wheat, yeast in breads, and other vegetables. Cauliflower, Broccoli, cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables that belong to the genus Brassica are commonly reputed to not only increase flatulence, but to increase the pungency of the flatus. In beans, endogenous gases seem to arise from complex oligosaccharide (carbohydrates) that are particularly resistant to digestion by mammals, but which are readily digestible by microorganisms that inhabit the digestive tract. These oligosaccharides pass through the upper intestine largely unchanged, and when these reach the lower intestine, bacteria feed on them, producing copious amounts of flatus. In the case of those with lactose intolerance, intestinal bacteria feeding on lactose can give rise to excessive gas production when milk or lactose-containing substances have been consumed.
HEALTH EFFECTS OF FLATULENCE
As a normal body function, the action of flatulence is an important signal of normal bowel activity and hence is often documented by nursing staff following surgical or other treatment of patients. However, symptoms of excessive flatulence can indicate the presence of irritable bowel syndrome or some other organic disease. In particular, the sudden occurrence of excessive flatulence together with the onset of new symptoms provide reason for seeking further medical examination.
Flatulence is not poisonous; it is a natural component of various intestinal contents. However, discomfort may develop from the build-up of gas pressure. In theory, pathological distension of the bowel, leading to constipation, could result if a person holds in flatulence.
Not all flatus is released from the body via the anus. When the partial pressure of any gas component of the intestinal lumen is higher than its partial pressure in the blood, that component enters into the bloodstream of the intestinal wall by the process of diffusion. As the blood passes through the lungs this gas can diffuse back out of the blood and be exhaled. If a person holds in flatus during daytime, it will often be released during sleep when the body is relaxed. Some flatus can become trapped within the feces during its compaction and will exit the body, still contained within the fecal matter, during the process of defecation.
The flatulence of cows is only a small portion of cows' methane release. Cows burp methane due to the physiology of their digestive systems. Flatulence is often blamed as a significant source of greenhouse gases owing to the erroneous belief that the methane released by livestock is in the flatus. While livestock account for around 20-percent of global methane emissions, 90 to 95-percent of that is released by exhaling or burping. Only 1 to 2-percent of global methane emissions come from livestock flatus.
Since New Zealand produces large amounts of agricultural produce it is in a unique position of having high methane emissions livestock compared to other greenhouse gas sources. The New Zealand government is a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol and therefore attempts are being made to reduce greenhouse emissions. To achieve this an Agricultural emissions research levy was proposed and it promptly became known as a "fart tax" or sometimes a "flatulence tax". It encountered opposition from farmers, farming lobby groups and opposition politicians.
In Fresno, California, a system to harvest methane by-product from dairy cattle and convert it to usable bio-gas is being used, in a partnership with Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) and BioEnergy Solutions, in which BioEnergy Solutions sells the methane harvested from cows to PG&E, who then converts the methane to usable bio-gas, which is very similar to natural gas.
In many cultures, human flatulence in public is regarded as embarrassing but depending on context also humorous. People will often strain to hold in the passing of gas when in polite company, or position themselves to conceal the noise and scent. In other cultures it may be no more embarrassing than coughing.
While the act of passing flatus is generally considered to be an unfortunate occurrence in public settings, flatulence may, in casual circumstances, be used as either a humorous supplement to a joke ("pull my finger"), or as a comic activity in and of itself.
FLATULENCE CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT
DIAGNOSIS & TESTS
Your health care provider may review what you eat and the symptoms produced. You might keep a diary of food and drink for a specific period of time and track the passage of gas during the day. Careful review of diet and the amount of gas passed may help relate specific foods to symptoms and determine the severity of the problem.
The primary tests, if necessary, will likely include measuring the amount of hydrogen in your breath after you eat suspected foods. Because bacteria are largely responsible for the production of hydrogen, an increase in exhaled hydrogen as measured by the breath test will suggest a food intolerance, with the bacteria fermenting the undigested food to produce excess gas. After you eat a problem food, breath testing should show an increase in hydrogen in as little as 2 hours.
Another possible test is analysis of flatus for gas content. This should help differentiate gas produced by swallowing air from gas produced in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
If these tests produce no answers, more broad testing can be accomplished to help exclude more serious disorders such as diabetes, cancer, malabsorption, cirrhosis of the liver, poor thyroid function, and infection.
If you have abdominal pain or appear to have a swollen abdomen, your health care provider may have x-rays taken to show intestinal obstruction or perforation. X-rays can also be taken after you drink x-ray dye to show the GI tract, which can be followed up with an internal view of the colon through colonoscopy, if problems are noted.
If lactase deficiency is the suspected cause of gas, the provider may suggest you avoid milk products for a period of time. A blood or breath test may be used to diagnose lactose intolerance.
TREATMENT OF FLATULENCE
Experience has shown that the most common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas are changing diet, taking medicines, and reducing the amount of air swallowed.
The goal of treatment of flatulence is to reduce gas and odor. Medical intervention includes treatment with antibiotics if bacterial overgrowth of the GI tract is suspected or evidence of parasitic infection is seen.
Some promising studies have investigated feeding non-offensive strains of bacteria to push out the bacteria that are offensive, although no established treatments are available at this time.
Regulation of bowel function is essential. Constipation should be treated with increased dietary fiber or certain laxatives.
In cases where anxiety causes you to swallow air, your health care provider may suggest you seek mental health counseling to change habit patterns.
If you do not desire to avoid the foods that cause gas for you, many non-prescription medicines are available to help reduce symptoms. Over-the-counter (OTC) remedies are not usually much help as most of these make large gas bubbles smaller. But there are numerous behavioral, dietary and naturopathic routes to eliminating or controlling flatulence. See Home Remedies below for some helpful suggestions.
Antacids, such as Mylanta II, Maalox II, and Di-Gel, contain simethicone, a foaming agent that joins gas bubbles in the stomach so that gas is more easily belched away. However, these medicines have no effect on intestinal gas. These can be taken before meals. Dosage varies so read the labels.
Activated charcoal tablets (Charcocaps) may provide relief from gas in the colon. Gas can be reduced if tablets are taken before and after a meal. The usual dose is 2 to 4 tablets taken just before eating and 1 hour after meals.
Certain prescription medicines may help reduce symptoms, especially if you have a disorder such as irritable bowel syndrome. Some medicines such as metoclopramide (Clopra) have also been shown to decrease gas complaints by increasing gut activity.
FLATULENCE & DIET
Flatulence is most often related to diet, and sometimes to those habits that cause you to swallow air. You can begin by trying to remove the problem foods from your diet. For many people, this is a trial-and-error procedure.
Most starches, including potatoes, corn, noodles, and wheat, produce gas as they are broken down in the large intestine. Rice is the only starch that does not cause gas. The amount of water-soluble oligosaccharide in beans that may contribute to production of intestinal gas is reputed to be reduced by a long period of soaking followed by boiling, but at a cost of also leaching out other water-soluble nutrients. Also, intestinal gas can be reduced by fermenting the beans, and making them less gas-inducing, and/or by cooking them in the liquor from a previous batch. Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus plantarum have recently been hypothesized as being responsible for this effect. Some legumes also stand up to prolonged cooking, which can help break down the oligosaccharides into simple sugars. Fermentation also breaks down oligosaccharides, which is why fermented bean products such as miso and tofu are less likely to produce as much intestinal gas.
KEEP A FOOD DIARY
Keep a food diary to help you determine which foods or combination of foods, seem to be causing the gas. This may take some careful observation to notice what foods cause increased gas. Note excess passage of gas. Any of the gas-producing foods can be removed from your diet one group at a time until you see relief. Sorbitol and fructose are common offenders, so try these first. Avoid any suspect foods.
You may have to adapt your usual diet during pregnancy. Many foods you like before may suddenly seem unappealing.
If the eliminating sorbitol and fructose method does not work, a more restrictive approach is to start with a very limited number of safe foods, and add one new food every 48 hours in order to determine what food or food group causes difficulty. If the offending food is found, then you can avoid eating that food or be prepared for its consequences.
If you suspect lactose intolerance is the problem, remove all dairy foods from your diet for 10 to 14 days to assess the effect on flatulence (using a diary). The enzyme lactase, which aids with lactose digestion, is available in liquid and tablet form without a prescription (Lactaid, Lactrase, and Dairy Ease are familiar brand names). Adding a few drops of liquid lactase to milk before drinking it or chewing lactase tablets just before eating helps digest foods that contain lactose. Also, lactose-reduced milk and other products are available at many grocery stores (Lactaid and Dairy Ease).
CHARCOAL FOR ODOR CONTROL
If odor is a concern, there is also some reported success with charcoal filter undergarments.
If belching is a problem, you should avoid the behaviors that cause you to swallow air, such as chewing gum or eating hard candy. Eat slowly. Make sure your dentures fit properly if you wear them.
In general, avoid overeating because this contributes to flatulence as well as obesity. Limit high-fat foods to reduce bloating and discomfort. Your stomach will empty faster, allowing gases to move into the small intestine.
HEALTH CARE CONSULTATION
An elimination or challenge diet may be suggested. This is a diagnostic diet to help uncover food sensitivities and intolerances. Consult your health care provider to rule out malabsorption disorder if you are also experiencing weight loss and diarrhea. When someone has persisting bloating and flatulence, lab tests and x-rays are first conducted to exclude the presence of medical disease. Colorectal cancer often presents with the symptoms of abdomen discomfort and bloating. Celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease may have similar symptoms.
Certain herbs and spices have been reported to counteract the production of intestinal gas, most notably Cumin, Coriander, Caraway and the closely related Ajwain, Turmeric, Asafoetida (hing), Epazote, and Kombu Kelp (a Japanese seaweed).
IN THE KITCHEN
Use Marjoram, Caraway, Fennel, Coriander, Aniseed, Rosemary and Ginger in your cooking. These promote digestion, relax intestinal muscles and inhibit flatulence. Cabbage and Onion, which cause gas, are traditionally flavored with Caraway to counteract that effect. Dried Beans also often cause gas. To remove their gas-causing carbohydrates, throw out the water that you soaked them in and use fresh water when you boil them.
Acacia is a natural, pure, certified organic, soluble dietary fiber produced from the gum of the Acacia tree (also known as gum arabic). Acacia is a natural plant water-soluble fiber that has been harvested for millennia in Africa; its recorded dietary use dates back to the Egyptian pharaohs.
Activated Charcoal supplement captures unwanted material of gas and carries it safely through the digestive system.
Acidophilous is essential for maintaining healthy digestion and helps cure diarrhea, helps eliminate smelly stools and foul gas, reducing bad breath, cure Candida infections, lower cholesterol, prevent and heal cancer and restores healthy intestinal flora after antibiotic treatment.
Beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus Acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum, are called probiotics, Lactobacillus Acidophilus taken as a dietary supplement may help to detoxify and to rebuild a balanced intestinal flora.
An Acid Reduction Formula is a proprietary formulation of acid buffering agents that can be helpful in the alleviation of occasional acid indigestion. There are several formulations to choose from that can do the the same thing. Use an all-natural dietary supplement, containing no artificial flavors or colors.
Alfalfa's (Medicago sativa) deep root system pulls valuable minerals from the soil. With the aid of sunlight, nutrients including Beta Carotene and Chlorophyll are made available to the body in a usable form.
AlkaMax is a natural antacid and alkaline booster for digestion and the entire body. Alfa-Max Alfalfa Extract capsules is a 10X extract of fresh green alfalfa leaves.
Aloe Vera juice, organically grown and unprocessed, renatures the cells, tissues, glands, organs and all systems of the body to function as originally designed. The magnificent Aloe plant, that is designed to be self-sufficient & thrive in the desert, feeds us in unique ways with its 250-plus naturally occurring constituents including: enzymes, amino acids, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, glycoproteins, sterols, growth factors, & all sizes of uniquely complex Aloe polysaccharides and mannans. Aloe Vera is an all natural laxative that offers healing benefits to the digestive system.
Amalaki is said to stimulate the production of red blood cells, enhance cellular regeneration, increase lean body mass and support proper function of the liver, spleen, heart and lungs. It has also been used to purify the blood, improve eyesight, strengthen the bones and teeth, and cause hair and nails to grow.
Castor oil has long been recognized as a powerful natural laxative which may be used for the relief of occasional constipation.
Cat's Claw Bark (Uncaria tomentosa) was reputed to be a super drug in the Andean region of South America. It has a long history of indigenous use for arthritis and rheumatism as well as other types of inflammation associated with various stomach disorders and ulcers where it was clinically shown to be effective.
Cayenne is a blood warming herb that has an invigorating effect on several body systems including chronic laryngitis, pain relief, poor circulation, skin irritation and urinary urgency. A strong stimulant, Cayenne is a digestive and heart tonic. Relaxes the stomach and colon, helps to heal ulcers, improves circulation, and stops bleeding. It stimulates the heart, increasing and strengthening the pulse.
Chamomile tea with its subtle fragrance and flavor, is a great way to ease your daily tensions. Chamomile is a gentle relaxer that soothes upset stomachs and gas pain.
Cinnamon bark is warming to the body, an analgesic, carminative, antiseptic, and antibacterial. Experiments conducted by the USDA have shown that this the variety we call "True Cinnamon" can lower blood sugar by mimicking insulin, activating insulin receptors and working with insulin in the cells to reduce blood sugar by up to 20-percent.
Cloves are used against parasites, flatulence, and nausea. Eating cloves is considered to be an aphrodisiac. Use as a dietary supplement or put directly on tooth for a toothache.
Corydalis tuber and Angelica root is a well known TCM Herbal Combination used in Chinese medicine for its tranquilizing, analgesic, antibacterial, and anti-hypoxia properties to regulate the Qi, promote normal blood circulation, protect mucous membrane of the stomach and to stop pain.
Multi-Enzyme Supplement can help improve digestion and the breakdown of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Enzymes are protein based substances found in every cell of every plant and animal. Enzyme complex dietary supplement, is an important combination of critical enzymes that help support normal digestive function, cholesterol levels, fat metabolism and more, all in one convenient tablet.
Fennel Seed (Foeniculum Vulgare), according to recent studies, have been found to possess diuretic, choleretic (increase in production of bile), pain-reducing, fever-reducing, and antimicrobial actions. Fennel was formerly an official drug in the United States and was listed as being used for indigestion and possibly for stimulating milk flow in women. Whole seeds may be chewed or used in tea. Fennel assists in the dietary management of IBS symptoms, and is exceptional for IBS bloating, gas and abdominal pain. Fennel is also a traditional digestive aid for colic, heartburn, indigestion, and stomachaches.
Ginger from Asia combined with Lemongrass from Malaysia with a base of fine Green Tea is a soothing digestive combination. Ginger and Lemongrass both aid in digestion, while Green Tea is plentiful in healthful antioxidant properties.
Ginger Root (Zingiber Officinale) is especially useful for bowel disorders including indigestion, morning sickness, motion sickness, and nausea. Ginger is used medically to help expel gas from the intestines and treat nausea from morning sickness, upset stomach, seasickness, and motion sickness. It is also used to help reduce fevers and lessen the symptoms of colds. Ginger's ability to prevent vomiting has been verified by clinical trial, and it has been shown to stimulate the intestines and promote production of saliva, digestive juices, and bile. It also tends to boost the pumping action of the heart.
Guarana (Paullinia Cupana) is a creeping shrub native to the Amazon (and particularly the regions of Manaus and Parintins). In the lushness of the Brazilian Amazon where it originates, it often grows to 12 meters high. The fruit is small, round, bright-red in color, and grows in clusters. As it ripens, the fruit splits and a black seed emerges - giving it the appearance of an "eye" about which Indians tell legends.
Guduchi Stem Powder (Tinospora Cordifolia) is a slightly bitter Ayurvedic herb that balances all doshas, and is especially useful for a variety of pitta-related conditions.
Haritaki, as a natural laxative and purgative, removes undigested food and accumulated toxins from the gastrointestinal tract. It strengthens and nourishes the tissues and supports proper function of the colon, lungs, liver and spleen.
Lemon and Ginger tea is a special healing formula designed to aid digestion, ease upset stomach and provide a caffeine-free pick-me-up.
Magnesium is a natural tranquilizer. Called the "anti-stress mineral," it aids in relaxing nerves, relieving tension, assisting digestion, activating enzymes important for protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
Marshmallow Root (Althea Officinalis) is approved by the German Commission E to be used internally for irritation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa and associated dry cough, and for mild inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Marshmallow Root has soothing properties and nutritionally supports the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems.
Niacin (Vitamin B-3), is necessary for normal breakdown of fats and fatty acids and the release of energy from carbohydrates. It is also an excellent vasodilator and may be useful in maintaining proper cholesterol levels.
After a meal, Orange, Ginger, & Peppermint tea is spicy and soothing to the digestive system. Mint tea has the power to calm a stormy stomach with sweetness.
Pennyroyal is used for coughs, congestion, and fevers, and to aid the stomach and digestion. It can also hasten menstrual flow. Do not use during pregnancy.
Peppermint Leaf (Mentha X Piperita) calms the muscles of the stomach and improves the flow of bile, which the body uses to digest fats. As a result, food passes through the stomach more quickly. Peppermint is a nutrient rich member of the mint family that contains menthol - a potent compound that has been used for centuries to help encourage optimal health and wellness. Most notably, it has the ability to promote healthy digestion and may also be able to normalize enzymatic activity. Organic Peppermint tea is the perfect way to lift your spirits and quiet your stomach; with a fresh flavor and aroma you will want to enjoy everyday. Peppermint is a cooling, calming herb that, through dietary management, helps relieve the symptoms of IBS. Clinical studies have shown that peppermint is exceptionally beneficial for IBS abdominal pain and spasms, diarrhea, and urgency (it will not cause or worsen constipation). Peppermint oil capsules, as part of the diet, have been clinically proven to help IBS symptoms, even in children. A recent survey of clinical trials declared peppermint oil capsules the drug of first choice for IBS patients with constipation or diarrhea, to alleviate general symptoms, and to improve quality of life.
Psyllium is a true dietary fiber, even though it is classified by some as a laxative or mucilaginous fiber, and is a convenient way to increase intake of dietary fiber because of its high mucilage content.
Samento (Uncaria Tomentosa) is beneficial in the treatment of a wide range of immune system related conditions; these include but are not limited to cancer, arthritis, bursitis, rheumatism, allergies, ulcers, systemic candidiasis, all forms of herpes, diabetes, lupus, chronic fatigue syndrome, intestinal disorders and HIV infection.
Slippery Elm Bark is a soothing nutritive demulcent which is perfectly suited for sensitive or inflamed mucous membrane linings in the digestive system.
Spirulina provides an all-inclusive proprietary formula to support gastrointestinal function, antioxidant protection and immunity.
Tansy Herb Tincture is used to expel worms, especially round and thread worms.
Thyme is used to clear respiratory congestion, whooping cough, laryngitis, catarrh, and sore throat. This herb also can be used to treat stomach cramps, diarrhea, heartburn, chronic gastritis, flatulence, colic, and diminished appetite.
Wormwood is above all a stomach medicine, being useful for indigestion, gastric pain and lack of appetite, as well as the related problems of heartburn, flatulence and is an antiparasitic.
OTHER HELPFUL HOME REMEDIES
Mix 1/2 teaspoon of dry Ginger powder with a pinch of Asafoetida and a pinch of Sea Salt in a cup of warm water. Drink this concoction to get relief from gas.
Mix 2 teaspoons of Brandy with a cup of warm water and drink this before going to bed.
Chew on some fresh Ginger slices that are soaked in Lime juice after meals.
A drop of Dill Oil in a teaspoon of Honey taken immediately after a meal should be of great help.
Dry grind 1 teaspoon of Pepper, 1 teaspoon of dry Ginger and 1 teaspoon of green Cardamom seeds. Add 1/2 teaspoon of this mixture to water and drink after 1 hour after meal.
Chewing a fresh leaf or drinking a cup of tea made from Peppermint after a meal does a lot more than just freshening your breath. Peppermint contains menthol that soothes the digestive muscles. It helps in treating flatulence, bloating and abdominal pain that accompanies gas. Peppermint oil combined with Caraway oil has been used since ages to treat abdominal discomfort caused by flatulence. A cup of Peppermint and Caraway tea may help sooth discomfort.
MEDICINAL HERBAL TEAS - FOR ACUTE SYMPTOMS
Antispasmodic plants, such as Angelica Root, Chamomile, Coriander, Caraway, Sage and Peppermint, help force the air out of the intestines. Try this tea mixture:
1 ounce crushed Fennel Seeds
1 ounce crushed Caraway Seeds
1 ounce Chamomile
1 ounce Peppermint Leaves
Brew 1 heaping teaspoon of the mixture with 1 cup of boiling water. Steep for 10 minutes and strain. Drink 1 cup 3 times daily after meals.
MEDICINAL TEAS - FOR BLOATING
To help alleviate or prevent bloating that often accompanies flatulence:
1-1/2 ounce Chamomile Blossoms
1-1/2 ounce Yarrow
Pour 1 cup of boiling water of 1 teaspoon of the mixture. Steep 5 minutes and strain. Drink 1 cup 3 times daily.
Juniper is known to settle digestive upset and relieve colic. For an easy remedy, thoroughly chew a few Juniper Berries after meals. Their essential oil can help mitigate annoying, foul-smelling intestinal flatus that sometimes escapes uncontrollably.
Take 7 tablets 3 times daily or as recommended by your homeopathic practitioner:
Carbo Vegetabilis 6C, 30C for painful abdominal distension and weakness. Carbo Veg homeopathic is useful for treating heartburn, nausea, bloating, sour regurgitations, but belching relieves. Slow digestion. Sensitive to dietary indiscretions: fats, milk, rich food. Hunger, but fullness after eating a little; causes shortness of breath. Food poisoning, alcohol abuse. Craves fresh air. Heavy, dull and sleepy. Worse: coffee, fish, beans, fats, milk, lying down. Better: release of gas.
Chamomile 6C, 30C for colic and for children with loose stools.
DIET, NUTRITION & LIFESTYLE RECOMMENDATIONS
These recommendations are useful for non-pregnant individuals as well as pregnant women. Important: Before taking any remedy during pregnancy, you should consult with your midwife. Some herbs and other remedies should be avoided during pregnancy.
Eat 4 to 6 small meals daily instead of 3 larger big meals. This is very helpful during later pregnancy when the baby and uterus are pressing upward into your stomach and squishing your intestines. Frequent small meals also helps to keep blood glucose (sugar) more level without highs and lows that can occur with less frequent meals. Chew your food slowly and well. Do not overtax your digestive system.
Eat 4 or more servings of fresh fruits and raw vegetables every day to help supply needed digestive plant enzymes.
If you must cook your vegetables, cook them quickly using a perforated steamer instead of boiling them for long periods of time. This will help preserve some of your important nutrients in the vegetable.
Drink as much quality water (not tap water) as you can. This is necessary for your expanding blood volume and also helps to keep your digestive system flushed out helping to prevent food from forming excessive gas.
Get adequate exercise. Walking is an excellent way to alleviate gas.
To reduce gas-causing sulfur compounds in beans (garbanzo, pinto, navy, and so on), use the following cooking method: Place 1 cup of beans in 5 cups of water and bring them to a boil. Boil the beans for one minute. Then drain them and add 5 cups of fresh water. Bring the water to a boil and continue cooking the beans according to directions. Cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli can also cause flatulence.
When eating potentially gas-inducing foods, take the enzyme product called Beano with the first bite. This should help to eliminate the problem. Beano is an enzyme supplement that may be useful with bean ingestion. It contains the sugar-digesting enzyme that the body lacks to digest the sugar in beans and many vegetables. Beano has no effect on gas caused by lactose or fiber. You can buy the enzyme over-the-counter. Add 3-10 drops per serving just before eating to break down the gas-producing sugars.
Take your time at meals, and chew each bite carefully. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the mouth. Any work your teeth do not do, your stomach will have to do later. Whenever you eat fast, you tend to swallow air and so risk becoming flatulent. You can also swallow too much air if you do a great deal of talking while you eat, so try to relax and make it a habit to listen more. Chew meat and other proteins carefully. Digestion begins while food is still in the mouth, chewing and breaking down fibers and mixing with saliva. Avoid excessive protein in your diet.
Eat in moderation and be mindful of your food choices. Note which foods you react to with flatulence and try to avoid these. Eating a high fat meal can generate a large amount of carbon dioxide, some of which is released as gas. That is because carbon dioxide is produced in the small intestine when bicarbonate is released to neutralize stomach acid and fat during meals. Gas that has a strong odor results from the metabolism of sulfur-containing proteins and amino acids in the intestines. Taking activated charcoal tablets can help remove the odor. Do not take charcoal tablets with food, nutritional supplements or medications.
Become consciously aware that air is being swallowed and curb behavior.
Relaxation techniques may help to reduce anxiety.
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Relaxation Techniques
Avoid lying down after eating. Gas from the stomach passes into the intestines more readily in this position.
In addition to watching your diet, you can also try medicinal teas, warm compresses and natural medicines to help you effectively prevent or control flatulence.
Aniseed Milk tastes good and loosens up flatulence. Bring slowly to a boil 1 tablespoon of crushed Aniseed with 1 cup of milk. Strain off seed; drink while hot.
Probiotics (Live yogurt, kefir, etc.) are reputed to reduce flatulence when used to restore balance to the normal intestinal flora. Live Yogurt contains Lactobacillus acidophilus which may be useful in reducing flatulence. L. acidophilus may make the intestines more acidic, thus maintaining the natural balance of fermentation processes. L. Acidophilus is available in supplements (non-dairy is reputedly best). Prebiotics, which generally are non-digestible oligosaccharides, such as fructooligosaccharide, generally increase flatulence in a similar way as described for lactose intolerance. To combat unhealthy intestinal bacteria, take 1/4 teaspoon of Acidophilus powder in water twice a day.
When Digestive Enzymes are lacking, food is poorly digested and forms gases. Drink Papaya juice or take enzyme supplements with meals.
Gentle stomach massage eases intestines. Lie on your back and with a flat palm stroke your stomach in a clockwise motion. The follows the course of the intestines and stimulates intestinal movement, so gas bubbles loosen up. Even more effective is a "wind salve":
2 drops Anise Essential Oil
2 drops Fennel Essential Oil
2 drops Clove Essential Oil
2 drops Caraway Essential Oil
1/2 teaspoon Olive Oil
Place the essential oil drops in the olive oil. Massage into the abdomen and cover with a hot-water bottle or a warm compress.
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Massage
Hot, damp compresses with Vinegar diluted in water alleviate gas pains and relax the cramped muscles of the intestines. A hot-water bottle on the abdomen also relieves acute flatulence.
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Poultices & Compresses
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Hot & Cold Therapy
Taking a walk can clear up painful gas. Wear clothes that do not constrain your abdomen; tight clothes just make matters worse. Another simple effective exercise is to lie on your back and bicycle your legs in the air.
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Exercise
The following nutrients are important for healing once appropriate local treatment has been administered. These nutrients will help digestion problems and prevention of digestive upsets. Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments Very Important Aerobic 07 9 drops in water once daily. Controls putrefying action of bacteria in the bowel. Aloe Vera 1/4 cup of Aloe Vera juice on an empty stomach in the morning and again at bedtime. Aloe Vera is good for heartburn and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Beneficial for constipation problems because it softens stools and has a healing effect on the digestive tract. Aerobic Bulk Cleanse
1 tablespoon in liquid upon arising. Take separately from other supplements and medications. Colon cleansers aid in normal stool formation. Proteolytic Enzymes
As directed on label, with each meal. Take 1/2 the recommended dose with snacks. To aid in the breakdown of protein for proper absorption. Important for combating gas and bloating. Caution: Do not give these supplements to a child. Important Acidophilus
As directed on label, 1/2 hour before each meal. Acidophilus is necessary for normal digestion. Use a non-dairy formula. Kyo-Dophilus contains both Garlic and Acidophilus. Milk Free and heat resistant. Garlic 2 capsules 3 times daily. Aids in digestion and destroys unwanted bacteria in the bowel. Essential Fatty Acids
As directed on label. Maintains proper digestive function. Vitamin B-Complex 100 mg of each B-Vitamin daily, with meals 3 times daily (amounts of individual vitamins in a complex will vary). Essential for normal digestion. Plus Extra
50 mg 3 times daily. Enhances production of hydrochloric acid. Vitamin B-12 1,000 mcg twice daily. Important for proper digestion. Use a lozenge or sublingual form. Helpful AbsorbAid As directed on label. To prevent acid reflux. Activated Charcoal Take as directed on label. Take separately from other supplements and medications. To absorb intestinal gas. Alfalfa As directed on label. It can be taken in liquid or tablet form. Needed for Vitamin K and trace minerals. Or
As directed on label. Vital to colon health. Deficiency is common in people with this disorder due to malabsorption and diarrhea. Copper 2 to 3 mg daily. Needed to balance with Zinc. Required for protein metabolism. Gastro-Calm As directed on label. A combination of herbs and digestive enzymes to help relieve indigestion and reduce gastrointestinal inflammation. Hydrochloric Acid
Take as directed on label. Required for protein digestion. L-Carnitine
As directed on label. Carries fat into the cells for breakdown into energy. See Amino Acids for more information.. Lecithin Granules: 1 tablespoon 3 times daily, before meals.
Capsules: 1,200 mg 3 times daily, before meals. Take with Vitamin E.
Aids in cellular protection. Or
Take as directed on label. Aids in cellular protection. L-Methionine Take as directed on label, on an empty stomach. Take with water or juice. Do not take with milk. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. A potent liver detoxifier. Manganese 3 to 10 mg daily. Required for fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Multi-Enzyme Complex Take as directed on label. Take between meals. To improve digestion. Do not use a formula containing HCl (hydrochloric acid). N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) 500 to 1,000 mg daily, on an empty stomach with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. Essential for repair of the large, and especially the small intestines. Also detoxifies harmful substances. Pro-Flora Probiotic Take as directed on label. Essential for maintaining the proper pH of the colon flora. Helps prevent constipation and prevents infection. Selenium 100 to 300 mcg daily. Do not exceed a total of 800 mcg daily from all sources including diet. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 40 mcg daily. Required for proper digestion and protein metabolism. Caution: Do not take supplemental Selenium if you are pregnant or have heart, kidney, or liver disease. Zinc 20 to 50 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Required for proper digestion and protein metabolism.
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
Seek medical attention whenever symptoms other than simply excess flatulence occur, such as these:
Seek emergency help if you experience:
- Crampy discomfort.
- Change in bowel habits.
Blood in the stool.
You have a fever above 101°F, chills, and abdominal swelling, or are vomiting, or your abdomen becomes rigid and you experience pain when you move. You may have an infection that requires medication. You could also have peritonitis, an infection of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. Get medical help immediately.
You have symptoms, such as severe pain, that get worse despite treatment. You may have another abdominal disorder.
You have any unexpected or unusual symptoms. Some people may have sensitivity, allergies, or other health conditions which would prevent them from using certain medications, herbs, or other treatments. Some medications may produce side effects.
RELATED DIGESTIVE DISORDER LINKS
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Abdominal Pain
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Alcoholism
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Allergies
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Anxiety Disorder
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Appetite, Poor
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Celiac Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Crohn's Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Diarrhea
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Diverticulitis
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Flatulence (Gas)
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Food Poisoning
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Gall Bladder Disease
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Heartburn
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Hiatal Hernia
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Irritable Bowel
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Lactose Intolerance
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Malabsorption Disorders
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Peptic Ulcers
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Disorders: Ulcerative Colitis
FLATULENCE / GAS / INDIGESTION SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products to help with flatulence (gas), a condition of excess gas in the intestines and to help with dyspepsia and gastritis, an inflammation, irritation or erosion of the lining of the stomach.
FLATULENCE RELIEF & DIGESTION PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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FLATULENCE RELIEF SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Amazon: Flatulence Products
Amazon: Flatulence Relief Supplement Products
Amazon: Gas Relief Supplement Products
Amazon: Intestinal Gas Relief Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Digestion Supplement Information
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.