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MoonDragon's Health & Wellness

Eye Disorders & Problems

For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.

  • Scotoma Description
  • Scotoma Frequent Signs & Symptoms
  • Scotoma Causes
  • Scotoma Medical Diagnosis
  • Scotoma Conventional Medical Treatment
  • Herbal Recommendations
  • Diet & Nutritional Recommendations
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Notify Your Health Practitioner
  • Eye Care Supplement & Support Products


    A scotoma is a blind spot (non-functional portion of the retinal field) in the visual field. Unless a scotoma is large or is located in the center of the field of vision, it may not be noticed. Many people with this condition notice a dark spot at the corner of the eye that obstructs peripheral vision. Rather than a dark spot in your vision, you may have a spot of flickering light near the center of your vision that may drift around the eye, or create arcs of light.

    When scotomas are in the peripheral areas and are not large, they usually do not cause severe problems in general visual functioning. If the scotomas are large or numerous, mobility may be affected. Central scotomas are another situation entirely. Functional acuity is severely affected and educational adjustments are indicated. Magnification or large print may be indicated. Higher levels of illumination and good contrast in reading materials may also be useful. Color perception may be affected. Eccentric viewing may be a symptomatic and spontaneous adjustment to a central scotoma.


    Scotoma is defined, medically, as an island or area of impairment or loss of visual acuity circumvented by a field of normal or comparatively well-preserved vision. The disorder is commonly referred to as "Blind Spot". Scotoma symptoms may include:
    • One or more spots in your visiual field that can be dark, very light, blurred, or flickering (scintillating).
    • Trouble seeing or perceiving certain colors.
    • The need for greater contrast and bright light in order to see clearly while reading.
    The retina is similar to a thin skin on the inner side of the posterior (back) region of the eye. These contain the nerves that receive light through the pupil and send it to the brain as visual messages. There are certain areas on the retina where these nerves are unable to function. The light fails to make them work. These spots are referred to as Scotomas.

    In the majority of sufferers, these blind spots or dark regions are persistent. In some cases, however, the spots may be temporary and shifting in nature as is the case with the Scotomata of migraine headache. The visual fields of the left and the right eye overlap to a great extent. The visual fields may not be evident without separately testing each eye in a specific manner.

    Those affected by this disorder may find it difficult to know the identity of people by looking at their faces.

    Following a brain injury or stroke, a Scotoma of any size or shape may arise and can affect any part of the visual field. In some individuals, a Scotoma is likely to include and lead to the enlargement of the blind spot that naturally occurs in the eye of a person.

    A pathological scotoma, or Scotoma that gives rise to symptoms, may include any section of the visual field and may be of any size or shape. A scotoma may involve and magnify the normal blind spot. A severe visual handicap may arise as a result of even a small scotoma that happens to affect the macular or central vision of sufferers. On the other hand, a big scotoma in the more peripheral section of a visual field may go undetected by a person having it.

    In pregnant women, the condition can manifest itself as a sign of severe Preeclampsia which is a type of hypertension induced by pregnancy. Similarly, it can also arise due to elevated intracranial pressure that results in malignant hypertension.

    scotoma migraine


    Scintillating scotomas often are a symptom of migraine headaches. (I get these myself!) The graphic to the right is a speeded up version of the development of a classic migrainous scintillating scotoma from a small paracentral bright spot to an enlarging bright, curved, zig-zag line (the scintillation) in the left visual field. Inside the line, vision is dark and obstructed (the scotoma). The interval from the onset to the full enlargement of the zig-zag line is usually about 10 to 20 minutes. Soon after its full development, the image disappears. This phenomenon has been called a "fortification spectrum" because of its resemblance to aerial view of the walls surrounding medieval cities. Of his own spectra, Hubert Airy (1854) said that "... at its height it seemed like a fortified town with bastions all round it, these bastions being colored most gorgeously... All the interior of the fortification, so as to speak was boiling and rolling about in a most wonderful manner as if it was some thick liquid all alive." I found that when I have these types of scotomas, I know a migraine headache will soon follow. If I take some over-the-counter pain medication (such as ibuprofen) as soon as these visual disturbances occur, I will not have the resulting headache, with nausea, and other symptoms. If I do not take the medication, then I do suffer from the migraines. The well-described scintillating scotoma is not the most common of visual auras, as shown by a recent retrospective study by Queiroz and Coworkers (1996). Among their 100 patients with visual auras, the following number of patients reported these positive visual phenomena:
      42, Small bright dots
      39, Spots of light
      20, Scintillating scotoma
      17, Other zig-zag lines
      15, Colored spots of light
      9, Other lines

    Scotomas are considered a symptom of disease, not a disease in themselves and are not considered treatable. They may be a sign of a problem with the retina or damage to the optic nerve, such as that caused by glaucoma.


    The scotoma may look light, or dark, or blurred. Sometimes, part of the image may look wavy or distorted.

    visual distortion visual distortion
    complete scotoma incomplete scotoma
    ring scotoma dark ring scotoma
    another ring scotoma migrain scotoma over time

    CENTERAL SCOTOMA: It refers to a region of reduced or lost vision that impedes central vision. It is likely to affect the activities of daily life of patients. Those having this form of the condition may have problems in seeing details and colors. They may find difficulty in recognizing people by looking at their faces. They may also have a tough time in reading books and magazines printed in fonts of regular size. They may look from the peripheries or sides of the eye, and others may not know what they are actually looking at. Such people may see best in dim-lit regions. They may, however, be able to note things best while they are moving.

    HEMIANOPIC SCOTOMA: It is the name given to an area of reduced or lost vision that has an adverse impact on half of the central visual field.

    PERIPHERAL SCOTOMA: It is a region of lost or reduced vision towards the edge of the visual field. It is not likely to have as much impact on daily activities as the previous forms of the disorder. Those with these types of Scotoma may see well when looking at colors and details. They may have the best vision in well-lit regions. They may bump into objects while walking due to an inability to see them.

    PAREACENTRAL SCOTOMA: It is an area of lost or decreased vision near the central visual field, although not actually in it.

    BILATERAL SCOTOMA: It is a type of Scotoma in which a pituitary tumor starts to compress the optic chiasm and leads to a bi-temporal hemicentral scotomatous hemianopia. Based on the symptoms, this form of defect of the visual field tends to be highly prominent. However, it often evades early diagnosis as it is harder to diagnose with the aid of cursory clinical examination rather than bi-temporal peripheral hemianopia. It may even avoid advanced electronic modes of assessment of the visual field. It is only in rare cases that this condition is found to arise.


    A scotoma may arise due to a variety of factors. It is caused by a problem in your brain, a problem in your eye, or a problem in your optic nerve. The optic nerve is located behind your eye and sends pictures to the brain. The kinds of problems that can cause a scotoma include:
    • A stroke or brain injury.
    • A tumor or those arising from the pituitary gland may compress the optic nerve or impede blood supply to it.
    • An eye injury.
    • Blockages (vascular obstructions) in the retinal veins and especially, the optic nerve.
    • A result of corrective surgery in the eye with resulting scar in the eye.
    • An ocular infection that has left a scar in the eye, possibly occurring prenatally before birth.
    • Glaucoma or a problem with your retina.
    • Multiple sclerosis (retrobulbar neuritis) or other demyelinating diseases that can affect the optic nerve.
    • Side effects of high blood pressure.
    • Toxic substances and chemicals such as methyl alcohol or quinine.
    • Serious vitamin-nutritional deficiencies and poor nutrition.
    • A temporary blind spot may the first sign of a migraine headache.
    The condition is found to occur along with a number of eye disorders, optic nerve disorders and other diseases.
    • Central scotomas may be caused by macular or optic nerve disease.
    • Peripheral scotomas may be the result of choriotretinal lesions or retinal holes.
    Scotomas may also result from an eye disorder known as Retinitis Pigmentosa, a degenerative hereditary condition of the retina that is characterized by various symptoms, such as:
    • Night blindness.
    • Changes in pigment within the retina.
    • Eventual loss of vision.
    An eye care provider can detect scotomas and identify the areas affected with a type of examination called a visual field test.


    Your eye care provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history and do a physical exam and possibly some diagnostic tests in the initial stages. Questions will be asked about symptoms, other health conditions or recent eye surgery.
    • An exam using a microscope with a light attached, called a slit lamp, to look closely at the front and back of your eye.
    • An exam using drops to enlarge, or dilate, your pupils and a light to look into the back of your eyes.
    • A visual field test, which uses spots of light to measure your central vision and how well you see things on all sides
    Medical diagnostic tests used for the detection of scotoma include:
    • Amsler grid.
    • Perimetry.
    • Visual field test.
    • Horizontal eccentricity.

    The differential diagnosis of this disease involves ensuring that the symptoms experienced by sufferers are those of Scotoma and not of similar conditions of the eye. These may include:
    • Glaucoma
    • Optic Neuritis
    • Retinitis.
    • Vascular disorders
    • Retinal degeneration
    • Carotid Artery Thrombosis
    • Optic Atrophy
    • Ophthalmodynamometry


    Once the condition has been diagnosed and its underlying cause has been determined, physicians develop a proper treatment option. In some cases, treatment helps the spot, assuming that there has not been a permanent damage to the eye. In other cases, Scotoma persists. However, it is vital to manage the underlying cause and to prevent further damage to the eye. A scotoma that happens before a migraine headache is temporary and usually goes away within an hour.

    Earlier, only a few measures could be used to cure Scotoma. However, advanced research in neuroplasticity and the ability of the brain to develop and heal throughout adulthood has led to effective means rehabilitation of vision.

    Some individuals find that eye exercises help them cope with the condition. Eye exercises help them use their eyes in abnormal ways to compensate for the loss of vision. Some companies also manufacture and promote vision treatment systems that can supposedly cure the symptoms of Scotoma. However, the credibility of such companies and their products have not yet been properly evaluated and established.

    In the past there has been little that could be done by way of treatment for a scotoma; however research into the plasticity connections of the brain and how they can be renewed is showing great promise. New research includes drug trials and both radiation therapy and radiosurgery.


    If the scotoma is on the outer edges of your vision, it usually does not cause severe vision problems. If you have a scotoma in your central vision, it cannot be corrected or treated with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Your provider will recommend that you use aids to support your decreased vision. Tools that can be used to help include:
    • Large-number phone keypads and watch faces.
    • Filters to reduce glare on computer screens.
    • "iTalking" clocks or scales.
    • Audio books, magazines, or newspapers or machines that "read" printed material aloud in a computer voice.
    • Using large type printed books or enlarging the type size in an eReader (electronic devices such as iPads, Nooks, or Kindle).
    • Personal computer hardware such as lighted keyboards, large type, and software that magnifies screens and converts text to speech for both computers and mobile phones.
    • Closed CCTV systems that use video cameras and large TV screens to enlarge reading material, medicine bottles, or pictures.
    • Magnifying eyeglasses, hand-held magnifiers, or stand magnifiers to enlarge your reading material or other objects.
    In the majority of cases, Scotoma cannot be cured. However, it is still important to seek treatment from an ophthalmologist in the event of occurrence of Scotoma as it can suggest an acute problem. Proper medical treatment can be used to prevent the enlargement of the dark spot in the eye and address the underlying developmental cause of Scotoma.


  • Bilberry (Vaccinium Myrtillus) contains flavonoids and nutrients needed to protect the eyes from further damage, protect and strengthen the capillary walls of the eyes, and thus is especially effective in protecting against glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration. It may improve night vision and recovery from glare. Bilberry Leaf is used in connection with vascular and blood disorders and shows positive effects when treating varicose veins, thrombosis, and angina.

  • Fresh Blueberries and Red Raspberry Leaf can be used for flavonoid properties and nutrients to protect the eyes.

  • Chickweed and Eyebright are good for all eye disorders.

  • Coleus Forskohlii, an Ayurvedic herb, has been shown to reduce eye pressure. Forskolin, an extract from the coleus plant, has been reported by Yale University to be effective for glaucoma, without causing side effects.

  • Eye baths using warm Fennel tea, alternating with Chamomile and Eyebright, are helpful. Or use an eye dropper and apply 3 drops to each eye three times a day. Always dilute any herbal preparations used in the eyes. Caution: do not use Chamomile on an ongoing basis, as ragweed allergy may result. Avoid it completely if you are allergic to ragweed.

  • A combination of Gingko Biloba Extract and Zinc Sulfate may slow progressive vision loss. Ginkgo biloba extract has been proven to support healthy circulation to the brain as well as the extremities.

  • Jaborandi is a rainforest herb that contains pilocarpine, used for more than 120 years to relieve intraocular pressure in glaucoma. Caution: Do not use this herb if you have pleurisy, are nursing, or have excess fatty tissue around the heart.

  • Rose Hips supply valuable flavonoids and vitamin C.

  • Avoid: the herbs Ephedra (Ma Huang) and Licorice.


  • The ideal way to ensure a proper supply of essential vitamins and minerals is by eating a balanced diet. If you are concerned about your own diet, you may want to consult with your health care provider about taking a Multivitamin or Multimineral nutritional supplements.

  • Some of the vitamins and minerals important to the eye include Zinc and Copper, antioxidants Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Vitamin A (as Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex), and Selenium, an antioxidant mineral.

  • While no disease in humans has been proven to arise as a result of Vitamin E deficiency, Vitamin E added to regular glaucoma medication improved visual fields in a majority of patients studied. Vitamin E has also shown promise in the treatment of premature retinopathy.

  • Alpha Lipoic Acid is central to recycling other antioxidants like Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and GSH glutathione.

  • B Vitamins, as found in a Vitamin B-Complex, are precursors of coenzymes involved in the conversion of cellular energy, manufacture of hormones and proteins, and repair and maintenance of nerve structures.

  • Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids provides antioxidant protection for many of the body's important enzyme systems.

  • Exercise regularly. Research has shown that people with open-angle glaucoma who exercise at least 3 times a week can reduce intraocular pressure by 20 percent or more. If they stop exercising, the pressure again begins to build up. Exercise does not appear to have the same benefits for people with closed-angle glaucoma.

  • Avoid prolonged eye stress such as watching television, reading, and using a computer for long periods. If you must engage in close work for any length of time, take periodic "focus breaks" and every 20 minutes or so, raise your eyes and focus on something in the distance for a minute or so.

  • Avoid tobacco smoke, coffee, alcohol, nicotine, and all caffeine.

  • Avoid taking high doses of Niacin (over a total of 200 mg daily).


    Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.

    Suggested Dosage
    Bilberry Extract
    Fresh Blueberries
    Gingko Biloba Extract
    160 mg and up daily.
    8 to 10 ounces per day.

    As directed on label.
    Clinical studies have shown that taking the extracts and eating fresh blueberries along with Zinc, can help halt the loss of vision. Blueberries are rich in valuable flavonoids. Treatment in early stage is most effective.

  • Bilberry Herbal Supplement Products
  • Blueberries Herbal Supplement Products
  • Gingko Biloba Herbal Supplement Products
  • Zinc Supplement Products
  • Vitamin A
    25,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. Potent antioxidant and important for eye function. Promotes healthy skin and hair.

  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • Plus
    Beta Carotene
    & Carotene Complex
    As directed on label. Needed for all eye disorders. Use emulsion form for easier assimilation and greater safety at high doses.

  • Beta Carotene & Carotene Complex Supplement Products
  • Plus
    As directed on label. Lutein is an antioxidant that can help protect the retina from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light and free radical damage. Needed for all eye disorders. The macula selectively concentrates Zeaxanthin and Lutein to levels over 1,000 times greater than those in any other body issues.

  • Lutein Supplement Products
  • And
    As directed on label. Antioxidant needed for all eye disorders. The macula places Zeaxanthin in it scenter, where the greatest protection is required and which is the last to degenerate.

  • Zeaxanthin Supplement Products
  • Plus
    50 mg 3 times daily. An important bioflavonoid that works with Vitamin C and aids in reducing pain and intraocular pressure.

  • Rutin Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-Complex
    100 mg three times daily of each major B-Vitamin. Amounts of individual vitamins in a complex may vary. The B-Vitamins help prevent loss of eyelashes, offers nerve support, and stress management. B-vitamins work best when taken together. Use sublingual form. Injections under a health care provider's supervision may be necessary. Whenever stress is a factor, B-Complex injections are a good idea.

  • Vitamin B-Complex Supplement Products
  • Plus
    Vitamin B-1
    50 mg daily. Important for intracellular eye metabolism.

  • Vitamin B-1 Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Vitamin B-2
    50 mg daily. Deficiency has been linked to cataracts.

  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Vitamin B-3
    As directed on label. Important for eye health. Niacin improves circulation by relaxing arteries and veins, increasing blood flow. Caution: Do not take niacin if you have a liver disorder, gout, or high blood pressure.

  • Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Vitamin B-5
    (Pantothenic Acid)
    100 mg 3 times daily. Anti-stress vitamin needed for the adrenal glands and an essential constituent of conenzyme A, needed for many vital metabolic processes.

  • Vitamin B-5 Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Vitamin B-6
    50 mg 3 times daily. Involved in cellular reproduction. Deficiencies have been associated with bloodshot eyes.

  • Vitamin B-6 Supplement Products
  • Plus Extra
    Vitamin B-12
    100 mcg once to three times daily in a sublingual oral dosage.

    1000 mcg (1 mg) injections may be given daily for some days, weekly for some weeks, then monthly thereafter, depending on deficiency causes.
    Deficiencies have been associated with neuropathy. Needed for healthy nerve function and optic (retrobulbar) neuropathy.

  • Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products
  • Plus
    Brewer's Yeast
    2 tablespoons daily. An excellent source of protein and a good source of B-Vitamins.

  • Brewer's Yeast Supplement Products
  • Vitamin C
    1,000 to 2,500 four times daily. Important antioxidants and necessary free radical destroyers. Required for tissue growth and repair. Prevents eye damage. Also relieves pressure from cataracts.

  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Vitamin E
    200 IU daily. An important antioxidant and free radical destroyer. Use d-alpha tocopherol form.

  • Vitamin E Supplement Products
  • Grape Seed Extract
    As directed on label. A powerful antioxidant that protects against free radical damage.

  • Grape Seed Extract Supplement Products
  • Grapeseed Herbal Supplement Products
  • Grapeseed Oil Supplement Products
  • Grape Herbal Products
  • Amino Acids Complex
    As directed on label. Take on an empty stomach 1/2 hour before meals. To supply protein, needed for healing and repair of tissue. Use a formula containing both essential and non-essential amino acids.

  • Amino Acids Complex Supplement Products
  • Multivitamin
    As directed on label. All nutrients are needed in balance for good health, for healing, and to reduce intraocular pressure .

  • Multivitamin Complex Supplement Products
  • Multimineral Complex Supplement Products
  • Selenium
    400 mcg daily. An important antioxidant. Promotes the action of Vitamin E.

  • Selenium Supplement Products
  • Zinc
    45 to 80 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Deficiency has been linked to eye disorders. Use zinc picolinate form.

  • Zinc Supplement Products
  • Plus
    3 mg daily. Needed to balance with Zinc.

  • Copper Supplement Products
  • Very Important
    1,000 to 2,000 mg daily. Important B-Vitamin for the eyes and brain.

  • Choline Supplement Products
  • And
    1,000 to 2,000 mg daily. Important B-Vitamins for the eyes and brain.

  • Inositol Supplement Products
  • Or
    As directed on label. A good source of choline and inositol.

  • Lecithin Supplement Products
  • Glutathione
    500 mg twice daily, on an empty stomach. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. A powerful antioxidant that protects the lens and maintains the molecular integrity of the lens fiber membranes.

  • Glutathione Supplement Products
  • Taurine
    As directed on label. An antioxidant that protects the lens of the eye. Use the liquid or sublingual form.

  • Taurine Supplement Products
  • Essential Fatty Acids
    As directed on label. Take with meals. Protects and aids repair of new tissues and cells.

  • EFA Supplement Products
  • Flaxseed Oil Supplement Products
  • Black Currant Seed Oil Supplement Products
  • Evening Primrose Oil Supplement Products
  • Fish-Salmon Oil Supplement Products
  • Arginine
    As directed on label. Facilitates natural synthesis of nitric oxide, which promotes healthy blood vessels. Note: Avoid Arginine if you are pregnant or have cataracts, colitis, or a viral infection such as herpes.

  • Arginine Supplement Products
  • Helpful
    Alpha Lipoic Acid
    150 mg daily. An important antioxidant. Improves visual functions.

  • Taurine Supplement Products
  • Magnesium
    500 to 1,000 mg daily. Dilates blood vessels, enhancing flow to the eyes.

  • Magnesium Supplement Products



    If you suspect yourself to be exhibiting the symptoms of Scotoma, get in touch with an ophthalmologist at the earliest. Seeking optical care on an immediate basis can help you recover from the condition and its symptoms as early as possible.


  • If you or a family member (such as a child) is having problems distinguishing colors or find colors confusing. This member may need to be tested for color blindness.

  • If you or a family member are having problems with vision and/or you suspect an infection. Call your health care provider immediately if you experience severe eye pain or a sudden change in your vision, such as loss of vision or double vision.

  • If you have any increase of symptoms. You may need frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription. If you have blurred or double vision that develops slowly; are having a problem seeing because of daytime glare or have difficulty driving at night because of glare from headlights, you need to see your health care provider.

  • If you have any unexpected or unusual symptoms. There may be underlying health issues that need to be addressed.

  • If you are having vision problems that are affecting your ability to perform daily activities.

  • Call your child's health care provider if your baby does not look directly at or respond readily to faces or large, colorful objects by age 2 to 3 months or if your child scowls, squints, or shields his or her eyes more than expected when in sunlight, or light seems to hurt your child's eyes.

  • You and your family members should have your eyesight checked regularly by your health care provider to rule out any problems and to receive a prescription for contacts or eyeglasses, if they are needed. Preserve you vision. It is very important.


    Information, supplements and products for eye health care, including cataracts, dry eyes, and other eye-related conditions.


  • Alive Multi-Nutrient Products
  • Alpha Carotene Supplement Products
  • Antioxidant Complex Products
  • Beta Carotene Products
  • Bilberry Herbal Poducts
  • Bioflavonoids Supplement Products
  • Brewers Yeast Products
  • Carotene Complex Products
  • Carrot Herbal Products
  • Castor Oil Supplement Products
  • Cod LIver Oil Supplement Products
  • EFA Supplement Products
  • Emu Oil Products
  • Eyebright Herbal Products
  • Eye Care Products
  • Eyelash Care Products
  • Fish-Salmon Oil Supplement Products
  • Flaxseed Herbal Products
  • Ginkgo Biloba Herbal Products
  • Hyaluronic Acid Supplement Products

  • Lutein Supplement Products
  • Lycopene Supplement Products
  • Magnesium Supplement Products
  • Multi-Enzymes Supplement Products
  • Multi-Mineral Supplement Products
  • Multi-Vitamin Supplement Products
  • Neuromins Supplement Products
  • Pinkeye Supplement Products
  • Prenatal Multi-Nutrient Products
  • Selenium Supplement Products
  • Taurine Supplement Products
  • Vitamin A Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-2 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-3 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products
  • Vitamin B-Complex Products
  • Vitamin C Supplement Products
  • Vitamin E Supplement Products
  • Zeaxanthin Supplement Products
  • Zinc Supplement Products


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    Mountain Rose Herbs: Vision Enhancement Phyto Capsules, Gaia Herbs, 2685 mg, 60 Caps
    Our eyes rely on antioxidants to protect against the oxidative damage that occurs daily. Vision Enhancement promotes healthy vision while supporting normal eye function. With naturally occurring antioxidants such as Anthocyanins from Bilberry, Proanthocyanidins from Grape Seed, and Carotenoids like Lutein and Astaxathin, Vision Enhancement is a protective shield for the eyes. Contains: Bilberry Berry (Vaccinium myrtillus), Vitamin C, Grape Seed (Vitis vinifera), Lutein, Astaxanthan, Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable cellulose (capsule). Each capsule contains the equivalent of 2685 mg. crude herb. 60 capsules per bottle.


    Starwest Botanicals: Flents Plastic Eyewash Cup


    HerbsPro: OcuSense Eye Health With Lutein, Natrol, 50 Caps
    Natrol OcuSense provides a comprehensive blend of the most clinically studied ingredients for eye health. There has never been such a complete and advanced eye-health formula! Keep your future in focus with OcuSense. Eyes are susceptible to the effects of light radiation, accumulated sun exposure, and diet deficiencies. There is also the ever-present threat from free radicals - molecules which constantly bombard healthy cells. Take steps now to help maintain healthy vision during the aging process. OcuSense contains a highly concentrated form of lutein which filters harmful light and acts as an antioxidant, shielding cells from free-radical damage. Most people do not eat the necessary amount of lutein-containing vegetables such as spinach and kale. Clinical research indicates a diet high in lutein may protect against vision loss. This formula includes lutein as well as carrot extract and six recommended vitamins and minerals.
    HerbsPro: Bilberry, Ginkgo, Eyebright Complex Plus Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps
    This proprietary, antioxidant-rich formula supplies important vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, the vital carotenoid Lutein, and herbal extracts to help improve circulation and decrease free radical damage to bodily tissue, including the eyes and skin.
    HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral Supplements With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 50 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Ginkgold Eyes, For Visual Function, Natures Way, 60 Tabs
    For visual function. Strengthens capillaries supports healthy connective tissue and microcirculation. Supports the retina and its adaptation to light and dark conditions. Provides lutein and zeaxanthin, two protective carotenoids essential to the macula.
    HerbsPro: Raw Eye Glandlar, 100% Pure Bovine Eye Tissue, Ultra Glandulars, 200 mg, 60 Tabs
    The eye is nearly a perfect sphere and occupies the anterior part of the frontal cavity of the skull. It is made of three concentric layers: the cornea, iris and the retina. It is one of the most adaptable organs and it's distinctness varies with individuals. It is the organ of sight.
    HerbsPro: Eye Care, Canfo Natural Products, 900 mg, 60 Tabs
    Eye strain is a serious problem, more than many realize. The liver is believed to nourish and moisten the eyes. When the liver is deficient in nutrients, common problems include blurry vision, myopia, floaters in the eyes, color blindness, or dry eyes. When there is heat in the liver, eyes are likely to be bloodshot, often with a painful or burning sensation. EyeCare focuses on the liver, providing it the nutrients it needs for overall liver health and wellness. Vegan, non-GMO project verified, and gluten free. Supports overall eye health and function. Designed for the heavy computer user, 100% natural herbal supplement.
    HerbsPro: Eye Sentials, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
    Eye-Sentials is an advanced nutritional supplement designed to maintain ocular health that may decline as a result of dietary deficiencies, aging, toxins, free radical exposure, stress, and sunlight. The formula includes the antioxidants Alpha Lipoic Acid and Beta Carotene; Bilberry Extract, which contains bioflavonoids that support healthy histamine levels and helps remove materials from the retina; Eyebright, an herb that is used extensively for dry, irritated eyes, and eye strain; L-Glutathione and Lutein to help protect the lens from UV rays; Taurine, essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the retina; Quercetin and Rutin, antioxidants to support capillary strength; and Lycopene, a phytonutrient from tomatoes with antioxidant properties.
    HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein Supplements, Bausch & Lomb, 120 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Clear Eye Herb Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags
    Clear Eye Herb Tea is made of wild Dendrobium (dendrobii caulis), Solomon Seal (polygonati rhizoma) and Abalone Shell (haliotidis concha), Green Tea and Jasmine Flower. They provide dendroxine, dendramine, amino acids, calcium carbonate, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine uses them to nurture the eye and pacify the nervous system, protect retina, and improve eyesight.
    HerbsPro: Similasan Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33 oz.
    Similasan's unique Active Response Formula homeopathic medicine stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge, & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. The active ingredients in Similasan Eye Drops work effectively with no known side effects and no known drug interactions.
    HerbsPro: Eye Stress Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
    Eye Stress Indications for Use: For fast relief of tense, tired, irritated, red, itchy and burning eyes due to eye strain, stress and overuse; intolerance to artificial light as from computers. For eyes that easily fatigue.
    HerbsPro: Allergy & Red Eye Relief Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
    Allergy & Red Eye Relief Indications for Use: For relief of allergy & red eye - dry, red, itchy, burning, swollen, inflamed, mucoid, watery, conjuntiva, sensitive eyes associated with allergies, hay fever, irritations, overuse.
    HerbsPro: Platinum Eye Care Liquid, Natures Answer, 8 fl. oz.
    Natural Strawberry Flavor. Synergistically combines vitamins, well known for their antioxidant support, along with minerals, protective phytonutrients, & carotenoids.
    HerbsPro: Apricot Eye Care, Better Botanicals, 0.5 oz.
    Tighten, brighten and strengthen delicate under-eye skin with this antioxidant power pack. Rejuvenate skin and even skin tone with Ayurvedic herbs rich in Vitamins A, C, B complex, organic protein and calcium. Fine lines will seem to melt away under this tender touch.
    HerbsPro: Age Defying Eye Creme With Astazanthin & Pycnogenol, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
    Astazanthin & Pycnogenol Age-Defying Eye Crème is an intensive age-defying eye creme that soothes and moisturizes for velvety-smooth skin. Helps fight damage and improve the skin health to diminish the appearance of wrinkles for smoother, firmer, younger-looking eyes. Astazanthin and Pycnogenol are two of the most powerful antioxidants that counteract the signs of aging.
    HerbsPro: Pycnogenol Eye Gel With Green Tea Extract, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
    Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel combines the best of science and nature to offer you continuing benefits for the most vulnerable area of the skin's surface-the tissues surrounding your eyes. Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea are two powerful antioxidants that will penetrate your skin and fight the signs of aging by gently repairing and restoring damaged tissues, while an added ingredient, Witch Hazel, blends in to tighten up the eye area and promote smoothness. Your eyes will not only feel smooth and firm, they will look younger too. In many cases, Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel will even help to reduce under eye puffiness caused by water retention. No animal testing.
    HerbsPro: Revitalizing Eye Gel Organic Lavender, Avalon Organics, 1 oz.
    Product description: for firmer, revitialized and radiant eyes. Brightens, hydrates and soothes delicate eye area with our Peptide Complex and Hyaluronic Acid to reduce the appearance of lines, puffiness and dark circles.
    HerbsPro: Hawaiian Green Tea Eye Gel, Alba Botanica, 1 oz.
    Alba's collection of natural Hawaiian beauty secrets made with tropical fruit and flower extracts, nourishing nut oils and certified organic aloe vera, revered for their curative and rejuvenating properties, are blended together to create exotic skin care products for soft, healthy, luminous skin. Skin friendly. Maui approved. Alba Hawaiian Skin Care products are made with only hypo-allergenic ingredients within the vegetarian ethic, and no animal testing. Certified organic aloe vera and green tea antioxidants soothe, smooth and protect delicate eye area. 100% Vegetarian Ingredients. No Animal Testing. PH Balanced.
    HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Regular, Nexcare, 20 Units
    Highly breathable backing - 10 times better than Coverlet brand. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent non-stick pad. Ideal for treating Strabismus (lazy eye) and for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive. Regular size patches measure 3.189 inches x 2.185 inches oval (81 mm x 55.5 mm).
    HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Junior, Nexcare, 20 Units
    Doctor recommended. Gentle to skin. Sticks well, yet removes easily. Highly breathable backing. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent nonstick pad. Ideal for treating strabismus (lazy eye) or for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive.
    HerbsPro: Collagen Fibre Eye Pads With Myoxinol, Instant Firming, Reviva, 1 Kit
    100% native collagen; amazing salon treatment for under-eye wrinkles, pouches, dark circles. Cut into strips for more economical usage.


    Amazon: Eye & Vision Care Supplement Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information



    Amazon: Eyelash Care Products

    Eyelash Curlers

    Amazon: Eyelash Curler Products

    False Eyelashes

    Amazon: False Eyelashes Products

    Folligen Products

    Amazon: Folligen Products
    Amazon: Folligen Eyelash Products

    Mascara Products

    Amazon: Mascara Products

  • Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information



    Amazon: Pink Eye Supplement Products
    Amazon: Conjunctivitis Supplement Products

    Amazon: Pink Eye Relief, TRP Company, 0.33 oz.
    PinkEye Relief is a homeopathic, sterile eye drop used to provide temporary relief from redness, burning, watering, inflammation, sensation of grittiness and overnight crusting in the eyes. This homeopathic formula stimulates the body's natural ability to temporarily relieve these symptoms.

    Amazon: Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33-oz Bottle
    Similasan's unique Active Response Formula for Pink Eye Relief stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. Can be used alone, or in conjunction with OTC medications and RX prescriptions. Does not contain harsh chemicals and is safe for extended use. Will not sting or burn. No known side effects or contraindications.

    Amazon: Eyebright Drops, Wisdom of the Ages, 1 fl. oz.
    Eyebright Drops formulated with natural ingredients for moisturizing, cleansing and rejuvenating the eyes. Contains the benefits of organic Eyebright Herb and MSM in a convenient eye drop. Eyebright Drops serves as an eye tonic to promote good eye health and reduce the discomfort associated with various ocular disorders including vision, eye strain, irritations, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), and dry or weeping eyes. Eyebright naturally contains astringent compounds (agents that shrink tissues and blood), which help reduce redness and naturally brighten and enhance the beauty of the eyes.

  • Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information


    Maintaining Healthy Eyes
    Bags Under The Eyes
    Bitot's Spots
    Bloodshot Eyes
    Blurred Vision
    Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye)
    Corneal Ulcer
    Diabetic Retinopathy
    Dimness or Loss of Vision
    Dry Eyes

    Itchy or Tired Eyes
    Macular Degeneration
    Mucus In The Eyes
    Retinal Edema
    Retinal Hemorrhage
    Retinitis Pigmentosa
    Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
    Thinning Eyelashes
    Ulcerated Eye
    Ulcerated Eyelid
    Vascular Retinopathy

    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    Health & Wellness Index


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index

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