MoonDragon's Health & Wellness
DRY EYES & DRY EYE SYNDROME (DES)
Eye Disorders & Problems
For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
DRY EYES DESCRIPTION
Dry eyes occur when the tear ducts do not produce enough fluid (tears) to keep the eyes moist, resulting in burning and irritation. This problem is more common in women than in men, and women's susceptibility increases after menopause.
Contact lens wearers are particularly prone to develop dry eye problems. Dry eyes generally stem from a lack of vitamin A. This problem often comes with age, but it can also be caused by certain drugs, including antidepressant imipramine (Tofranil), beta-blockers (used for treatment of high blood pressure and heart problems), and marijuana, birth control pills, and antihistamines (used for allergies).
DRY EYE SYNDROME (DES)
To help keep your eyes comfortable and your vision optimal, a normal, thin film of tears coats your eyes. Three main layers make up this tear film:
- The innermost layer is the thinnest. It is a layer of mucin (or mucus). This very thin layer of mucus is produced by the cells in the conjunctiva (the clear skin that lines the eye). The mucus helps the overlying watery layer to spread evenly over the eye.
- The middle (or aqueous) layer is the largest and the thickest. This layer is essentially a very dilute saltwater solution. The lacrimal glands under the upper lids and the accessory tear glands produce this watery layer. This layer's function is to keep the eye moist and comfortable, as well as to help flush out any dust, debris, or foreign objects that may get into the eye. Defects of the aqueous layer are the most common cause of dry eye syndrome, also referred to as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS).
- The most superficial layer is a very thin layer of lipids (fats or oils). These lipids are produced by the meibomian glands and the glands of Zeis (oil glands in the eyelids). The main function of this lipid layer is to help decrease evaporation of the watery layer beneath it.
Dry eye syndrome (DES) is a common disorder of the tear film, affecting a significant percentage of the population, especially those older than 40 years of age. The estimated number of people affected ranges from 25 to 30 million in the United States. Worldwide, the incidence rate closely parallels that of the United States. DES can affect any race and is more common in women than in men.
DRY EYE FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
MILD DRY EYE SYMPTOMS
Temporary mild symptoms of tired, itchy, or red eyes that abate with sleep, a change in environment, or taking your contact lenses out can be chalked up to obvious culprits. But worsening or persistent symptoms should be taken seriously. They include:
Itchiness. A scratchy or gritty feeling. Tears running down the cheeks. Increasingly tired eyes during the day. Irritation from smoke, wind, or air movement. Stringy mucus. Sensitivity to light. Blurriness. Problems wearing contact lenses.
SERIOUS DRY EYE SYMPTOMS
There are some symptoms (red, itchy, tired) that are mild and are relieved with rest, environmental change, or by removing your glasses or contacts. If the symptoms persist or get worse, please see your health care provider. Serious symptoms include the following:
Blurriness. Extra sensitivity to light. Irritation from smoke, wind, or air movement. Itchiness. Problems with wearing contact lenses. A scratchy or gritty feeling. Stringy mucus in your eye. Tears that spill out of your eyes and running down your cheeks. Increasingly tired eyes during the day.
It is recommended that if you have dry eye that you begin to seek treatment for your dry eyes, so that you can avoid harsh damage like scaring your cornea, which in turn can cause ulcers. You are also at a higher risk of an eye infection, because the fluids in your eye cannot carry the debris away and protect your eye. Furthermore, you might also notice changes in your vision and feel constant pain in your eyes.
CHRONIC DRY EYE SYNDROME SYMPTOMS
If you have Dry Eye Syndrome (DES), you may also experience the following symptoms:
- Dry, gritty/scratchy, or filmy feeling in the eyes.
- Burning or itching in the eyes.
- Redness of the eyes.
- Blurred vision.
- A sensation of having a foreign body in the eyes.
- Light sensitivity.
Symptoms seem to worsen in dry climates, in windy conditions, with higher temperatures, with lower humidity, with prolonged use of your eyes (for example, reading, watching TV), and toward the end of the day.
Sometimes a symptom of DES may actually be intermittent excessive tearing with DES. When your eye becomes slightly dry and irritated, it may initiate reflex tearing with production of a large amount of tears all at once to try to get moist and comfortable again. Unfortunately, your eye can only handle so many tears at any one time; the rest pour over your eyelids and down your cheeks. Those tears that pour down your cheeks do not help your eyes and are wasted. A short time later, your eyes will become slightly dry and irritated again, and the whole process may repeat itself.
You should seek medical attention if you routinely experience any of the following symptoms, you should probably see your ophthalmologist (a medical health care provider who specializes in eye care and surgery).
- Eye pain.
- Excessive tearing.
- Dry, gritty/scratchy, or filmy feeling in the eyes.
- Burning or itching of the eyes.
- Redness of the eyes.
- Blurred vision.
- A sensation of having a foreign body in the eyes, or light sensitivity.
See your health care provider if you have dry eyes. It may be a symptom of a more serious condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Also, constant irritation to the eye as a result of dryness can result in injury and damage.
QUESTIONS FOR YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
Is there a specific cause for my dry eyes?
What is the most effective way to treat my dry eyes?
Is there anything I can do to decrease the need for eyedrops or artificial tears?
DRY EYE SYNDROME CAUSES
There are two reasons that dry eyes develop: (1) not enough oil production by the meibomian glands (in the inner eyelids) or (2) excessive evaporation of the tears. Usually people are affected with low oil and high evaporation. If you have certain autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes, arthritis, lupus, and Sjogren's syndrome, you are more prone to develop dry eye. If you have ongoing symptoms of dry eye, please call your health care provider to schedule an evaluation.
Below are some common reasons that may contribute to your dry eyes:
Reading or computer work (you may not blink enough to redistribute eye fluid). Living and/or working in dry environments. Contact lenses that absorb eye fluids. LASIK eye surgery, which cuts nerves and reduces blinking. Allergy drugs, diuretics, beta-blockers, birth control pills, or other drugs. Diets poor in essential fatty acids or anti-inflammatory foods. Certain health conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, lupus, and Sjogren's syndrome, which also causes dryness in the mouth.. Eyes that have excessive droopiness.
It is important to identify the cause of the dry eyes. If we take a closer look we know that hormones are quite important for production of tears and lubrication of the eyes.
DRY EYES & HORMONAL CHANGES
Most people think of hot flashes, moodiness, vaginal dryness, and night sweats when they think of menopause. Research has found, however, that dry eyes affect 60-percent of menopausal women. There are other imbalances at work that might also affect the eye and they often become more evident when your hormones begin to fluctuate.
The way in which particular hormones affect your eyes depends on your individual genes and diet and lifestyle. Since we know that hormones are important to your eye health and studies have associated androgen (testosterone) and estrogen receptors on the cornea and on the meibomian gland. What this means is that there is a connection between your tears and your sex hormones.
Before menopause it is known that the greater your testosterone, the fewer tears you produce and the greater your estrogen, the greater your tears. During menopause, this reverses, the greater your testosterone, the greater your tears and the greater your estrogen, the fewer your tears. We have much more to learn about how hormones play a role in the lubrication of your eyes, but we are understanding that dry eyes can result from a deficiency in estrogen, progesterone, or testosterone.
If your eyes are dry for a long period of time then you will experience inflammation. The immune response releases inflammatory substances that make your eyes become red, itchy, and swollen. Dry eye symptoms go along with other menopausal signs of "drying," such as sore joints and dry vaginal tissues. One way to help remedy your dry eyes is to restore a natural balance among estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone.
DRY EYE SYNDROME CAUSES
DES is a common disorder of the normal tear film that results from one of the following:
- Decreased tear production.
- Excessive tear evaporation.
- An abnormality in the production of mucus or lipids normally found in the tear layer.
Aqueous (watery) tear deficiency is caused by either poor production of watery tears or excessive evaporation of the watery tear layer.
- Poor production of tears by the tear glands may be a result of age, hormonal changes, or various autoimmune diseases, such as primary Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus.
- Evaporative loss of the watery tear layer is usually a result of an insufficient overlying lipid layer.
- Some medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and oral contraceptives, may decrease tear production.
If blinking is decreased or if the eyelids cannot be closed, the eyes may dry out because of tear evaporation.
- When you read, watch TV, or perform a task that requires close attention with your eyes, you may not blink as often. This decreased blinking allows excessive evaporation of the tears.
- Certain conditions, such as stroke or Bell's palsy, make it difficult to close your eyes on your own. As a result, your eyes may become dry from tear evaporation.
Abnormal production of mucin by the conjunctiva may occur.
- This can result from chemical (alkali) burns to the eye or as a result of different autoimmune diseases, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome and cicatricial pemphigoid.
- This abnormal production of mucin leads to poor spreading of the tears over the surface of the eye. The surface of the eye can dry out and even become damaged, even though more than enough watery tears may be present.
Insufficient lipid layers are the result of meibomian gland dysfunction, as with rosacea or as a result of taking oral isotretinoin medication.
- Meibomian glands are the oil glands in the eyelids that produce the lipid layer.
- If the oil glands become blocked or if the oil is too thick, there may not be enough oil to cover the watery tear layer to prevent its evaporation.
- Also, if an infection is present along the eyelids or the eyelashes, called blepharitis, the bacteria may breakdown the oil so there may not be enough oil.
DRY EYES MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS
EXAMS & TESTS
During your eye examination, your ophthalmologist will most likely be able to diagnose DES just from hearing your complaints regarding your eyes. As part of your eye examination, the following tests may also be performed.
- The front of your eyes are examined using a special microscope, called a slit lamp.
- The amount and thickness of the tear film are inspected.
- The stability of the tear film is assessed by checking the tear break-up time.
- The conjunctiva is examined to determine if it is too dry.
- The cornea is checked to see if it has dried out or become damaged.
Different dyes may be used during your eye examination.
- Fluorescein is a yellow dye that stains the cornea where the epithelial (surface) cells have been worn away because of the lack of an adequate protective tear film.
- Rose Bengal is a red dye that stains the cornea and the conjunctiva where the cells are dead or dying as well as where healthy cells are inadequately protected by the tear film.
- Lissamon Green is a green dye which likewise can help differentiate between normal and abnormal surface cells of the cornea and conjunctiva.
Schirmer tests measure the amount of tears produced by your eyes. Your ophthalmologist places the end of a thin strip of filter paper just inside the lower eyelid. After a minute, the filter paper is removed and the amount of wetting is measured. Less wetting of the filter paper is more indicative of DES.
The osmolarity (salt content) of the tears may be measured. This is a newer test which has been developed to aid in the diagnosis of DES.
If autoimmune diseases are suspected as a cause of DES, blood tests may be performed. These blood tests check for the presence of different autoantibodies that may be associated with DES.
Rarely a biopsy of the salivary glands may be performed. Certain disease processes affect both the salivary glands, which produce saliva in your mouth, and the lacrimal glands, which produce tears.
DRY EYES CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT
Although no cure exists for DES, many treatments are available. Treatment is dependent on the cause and severity of DES. You may only require a humidifier or occasional eye drops, or you may require surgery to help treat DES. Over-the-counter lubricating eyedrops, commonly referred to as artificial tears, may help relieve your dry eyes. Some examples of these products include 20/20 Tears, Celluvisc, Comfort Tears, Dry Eyes, Murine, Refresh, and Tears Naturale. Your ophthalmologist may also prescribe medications to help with DES.
Certain prescription medications may help with DES. Eye lubricants may be prescribed, such as Lacrisert, an artificial tear insert. The insert is similar to a contact lens and is inserted one to two times per day. Cellulose is contained in the insert and acts to stabilize and thicken the film of tears over the eyes and to prolong the time the tear film works. The artificial tear insert must be properly inserted, otherwise corneal abrasion may occur.
Cyclosporine A 0.5-percent (Restasis) helps decrease any inflammation on the surface of your eye. This inflammation is thought to decrease the ability of your eyes to maintain a healthy tear film. Used twice a day, cyclosporine 0.5-percent helps you make healthier tears on your own.
Corticosteroid drops (Lotemax, Alrex, FML, Vexol), either alone or used in conjunction with Cyclosporine, reduce signs and symptoms of dry eye. Although the FDA has not yet approved this group of drops for the treatment of DES, they are being successfully used by many ophthalmologists. Corticosteroid drops, if used in excess, may have some side effects, but new formulations with fewer side effects have become available. Like all medications, these should only be used under your health care provider's supervision and according to her or his instructions.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops (Voltaren, Acular, Nevanac, Xibrom) likewise reduce the inflammation associated with DES.
Antibiotics are used if you have blepharitis or meibomian gland dysfunction. Antibiotic ophthalmic ointments, such as erythromycin and bacitracin, among others, are used at night for about seven to 10 days to decrease the number of bacteria that break down the lipid layer of your tear film. These ointments also lubricate your eyes overnight. Oral antibiotics, particularly tetracycline and doxycycline, not only help to decrease the number of bacteria but also help to make the oil more fluid so it flows out of the oil glands more easily. This is often used if you have rosacea. There are many people who have rosacea of the eyelids and do not have the typical changes of rosacea on the rest of the face.
Different minor surgical procedures may help in the treatment of DES.
Near the inner corner of each eyelid are small openings, called punctae, that are the beginning of the normal tear drainage system. A procedure known as punctal occlusion can help by decreasing the normal drainage of your tears off the eye and down the tear drainage system, into the back of your nose, and down your throat. This occlusion is usually a very simple office procedure and only takes a few minutes.
- Different punctal plugs or lacrimal canalicular plugs can be placed at or just inside these openings to block the normal drainage of tears down the tear drainage system. Just like a stopper that you put in the drain of a sink to keep the water from flowing down the drain, these plugs keep the tears that you have from flowing down the tear drainage system. Therefore, your eyes stay more moist and comfortable, even if you have fewer tears. These plugs can usually be removed very easily, if necessary.
- Sometimes, in severe cases of DES, these openings are permanently closed, usually by cautery (burning) or laser. This accomplishes the same thing as the plugs, but it is very difficult, if not impossible, to reverse.
If you have difficulty closing your eyes for any reason, your eye may dry out because of tear evaporation.
- Lateral tarsorrhaphy is a procedure during which the lateral (outside) one-third of your eyelids are sewn together to decrease the ability of your eye to open widely and to help your eye close more easily.
- If stroke or nerve damage keeps your eyelids from closing properly, a small gold weight may be implanted into your upper eyelid to help it close.
Sometimes, people sleep with their eyes slightly open. If you do sleep this way, you might want to actually tape your eyes shut at night.
Moisture chambers are plastic shields (similar to swim goggles) that help keep the eyes from drying out by decreasing the evaporation of tears off the eye. The moisture chambers may be used just at night if you sleep with your eyes slightly open, or they may be used all day, if necessary.
If you have mild DES, you may only need annual follow-up examinations with your ophthalmologist. If you have more serious DES, more frequent follow-up appointments are required, based on the severity of your disease.
Most people with DES have nothing to worry about more than an annoying inconvenience. Although your symptoms might make activities of daily living (for example, reading, watching TV, driving) miserable for you, no long-term vision loss is to be expected. For those with more severe DES, significant drying of the surface of the eye can lead to an increased risk of serious infections. Ultimately, scarring, thinning, and even perforation of the cornea may occur. As a result, vision, or even the eye itself, may be permanently lost.
SUPPORT & COUNSELING
Support groups and counseling for people with DES are available through various organizations specializing in eye care.
In some cases, an ophthalmologist may perform a procedure to close the internal tear ducts, through which some tears drain from the eyes into the nose, to conserve tears and keep the eyes moist.
Contact lenses made of a material called sulfoxide hydrogel may hold promise for people who currently cannot wear contact lenses because they are prone to dry eyes or frequent eye infections. The new material holds more water than current lens materials. It is currently being tested in clinical trials.
Sjogren's syndrome is a disorder that can cause dryness in the eyes.
DES cannot be prevented. If you develop DES, you can help decrease its effects through some of the self-care suggestions listed below.
You may be able to manage your dry eyes with frequent eyelid washing and use of over-the-counter (OTC) eyedrops or other products that help lubricate your eyes. If your condition is long term (chronic), use eyedrops even when your eyes feel fine to keep them well-lubricated. The problem with dry eye medications is that they do not resolve the problem, just temporarily relieve symptoms. Many are expensive and do not work as advertised. If you use OTC eyedrops, use those labeled artificial tears, not drops meant to relieve redness or itchy eyes (these may actually worsen dry eyes and cause dependence).
Contact lenses are possible cause of dry eyes. Use a eye lubricant specially made for contact lenses or talk to your eye care provider.
Artificial tears are safe and effective for keeping the eyes moist. Choose a product that is preservative-free, such as Cellufresh (Refresh Plus) from Allergan, Dry Eye Therapy from Bausch & Lomb, or Tears Naturale from Alcon. Artificial tears and lubricating eyedrops and gels (available OTC) help provide more moisture and lubrication for the surface of your eye. They are typically used about 4 times a day, but they can be used as often as needed. Preservative-free solutions are recommended if you wish to use artificial tears more than 6 times daily. There is no single eye drop product that is best for everyone. Each individual will determine which drop provides the most relief from symptoms. Some drops may have a longer effect than others. If you wear contact lenses, be sure to read product labels before using. You may have to remove your contacts before using the eye drops or get a product that states it is safe for contact lenses. Always follow package instructions for proper use.
Lubricating eye ointments are much thicker than eyedrops and gels. Because ointments are so thick, they last much longer than eyedrops and gels. However, because of their thickness, ointments may blur your vision if used during the day. Therefore, they are typically used to lubricate the eyes overnight while you are asleep. If you wear contact lenses, be sure to remove them before using an ointment and follow the package instructions for proper use.
OTC PRODUCT SELECTION
When selecting and using OTC products for dry eyes, a variety of nonprescription products for dry eyes are available, including eyedrops (artificial tears), gels, gel inserts and ointments. Talk with your health care provider about which might be best for you. Artificial tears may be all you need to control mild dry eye symptoms. Some people need to put drops in several times a day, and some use them only once a day.
Consider these factors when selecting an OTC product:
- Preservative vs. nonpreservative drops. Preservatives are added to some eyedrops to prolong shelf life. You can use eyedrops with preservatives up to four times a day. But using the preservative drops more often can cause eye irritation. Nonpreservative eyedrops come in packages that contain multiple single-use vials. After you use a vial, you throw it away. If you rely on eyedrops more than four times a day, nonpreservative drops are safe.
- Drops vs. ointments. Lubricating eye ointments coat your eyes, providing longer lasting relief from dry eyes. But these products are thicker than eyedrops and can cloud your vision. For this reason, ointments are best used just before bedtime. Eyedrops can be used at any time and will not interfere with your vision.
- Drops that reduce redness. It is best to avoid these as your solution for dry eyes, as prolonged use can cause irritation.
WASHING EYELIDS TO CONTROL INFLAMMATION
Washing your eyelids to control inflammation. For people with blepharitis and other conditions that cause eyelid inflammation that blocks the flow of oil to the eye, frequent and gentle eyelid washing may help. To wash your eyelids:
Apply a warm washcloth to your eyes. Wet a clean cloth with warm water. Hold the cloth over your eyes for five minutes. Rewet the cloth with warm water when it cools. Gently rub the washcloth over your eyelids, including the base of the eyelashes, to loosen any debris.
Use a mild soap on your eyelids. Use baby shampoo or another mild soap. Put the cleanser on your clean fingertips and gently massage your closed eyes near the base of your eyelashes. Rinse completely.
Your health care provider may recommend that you do this daily, even when your dry eye symptoms have been relieved. Stopping this daily routine may allow your symptoms to return.
CASTOR OIL HOME REMEDY
Obtain Organic, Cold-pressed, Hexane-free Castor Oil in a glass bottle. After removing contact lenses before bedtime, apply the Castor oil on both upper and lower eyelids and put one to two drops Castor oil (using an eye dropper) in the corner of each eye, allowing it to get inside and roll the eyes around to spread it out over the eyeball. Next morning, wash your eyes with an eye wash and put in your contacts. Continue until dry eye symptoms are relieved. Some people may have to continue longer than others, usually 10 to 14 days are recommended. Some find relief after a few uses. Whenever you feel your eyes are becoming dry again, rinse and repeat remedy. This remedy is not dependent upon the cause of your dry eyes.
According to users, a beneficial side effects of using Castor Oil drops is that your eyelashes may grow longer and thicker and the whites of the eyes seem to be much whiter and less yellow. Castor oil can help minimize dark under eye circles and puffiness.
Cautions: If you experience any swelling or red eyes after using, do not repeat and discontinue use. Use caution when applying drops. Do not touch eye dropper to the eye. This can contaminate the bottle of oil when the dropper is reused, resulting with an eye infection.
Castor Oil Supplement Products
Chamomile is an excellent way to sort out the problem of dry eyes. Known for its anti-inflammatory properties, Chamomile has a soothing effect on the eyes. It is a good remedy for dry eyes and it ensures that the eyes are able to regain moisture again.
You can use dried Chamomile herb or teabags containing this herb for making a solution to treat your eyes. Boil the dried herb or teabag in 750 milliliters of water and strain the liquid once it boils. Then wait for the solution to cool. Following this, dip a compress into the solution and place it over your eyes. Continue this treatment until your eyes have become healthy again. The used moist teabags can also be placed over the eyes as a compress.
Cautions: If you have an allergy to Chamomile (it is a member of the Ragweed family), caution should be used. If you have an allergic reaction, discontinue use and flush eyes with cool running water.
Chamomile Herbal Supplement Products
Fennel, also known as Foeniculum Vulgare, is a wondrous herb which can quickly and effectively solve the problem of dry eyes. This aromatic herb has many medicinal properties. Native to the Mediterranean region, root extracts of Fennel are used to cure vision problems.
A common herb in various cuisines, Fennel can be used to help cure dry eyes. Soak 1 tablespoon of Fennel seeds in 1 cup of hot water for about 20 minutes. Then drain the seeds and strain the liquid. The liquid should then be allowed to cool and you can then soak pads in this solution and apply it on your eyes for quick relief from dry eyes.
Fennel Herbal Supplement Products
Bilberry is a herbaceous shrub which is related to Blueberry is an effective cure for dry eyes. As an antioxidant supplement, it is even used for retinal disorders such as macular degeneration. Bilberry cures dry eyes by restoring functionality to the tear glands responsible for generating a tear film over the eyes which moisturizes the eyes.
Bilberry also contains citrin which makes it an effective herbal remedy for itchy and dry eyes. Anthocynadins are the phytochemicals contained in Bilberry which restore vitality and good health to the eyes. You can take Bilberry in capsule form. Tea made from Bilberry leaves may also be taken to cure dry eyes.
Bilberry Herbal Supplement Products
Spearmint can also be used to restore moisture to dry eyes. You can soak the leaves of this herb in hot water, strain the liquid and ensure the liquid cools. Once it reaches a lukewarm state, place a cotton cloth into the liquid and apply it directly on the closed eye lids.
The menthol in this strained liquid actually stimulates the production of tear film which is the moisture in the eyes. Menthol also refreshes and stimulates the eyes, revitalizing them and removing the itching and dryness. Spearmint solution is an ideal cure for dry eyes.
Spearmint Herbal Supplement Products
Eyebright is a powerful medicinal herb which is commonly used in healing dry eyes. Also known as Euphrasia, it is called Eyebright colloquially because it refreshes, soothes and revitalizes tired and dry eyes. It can even be used as a cure for various eye related conditions such as conjunctivitis, eye strain and various other eye ailments.
This herb is a very wonderful herbal remedy for dry eyes because it possesses astringent properties. Eyebright herb can be heated in water till it dissolves and then you can strain this liquid and use it on a compress for healing and soothing dry eyes. This herb revitalizes the eyes and ensures that a person is able to regain normal moisture in the eyes.
Eyebright Herbal Supplement Products
Goji Berries, also called the Wolfberry, is found in Asia, specifically China. It is part of traditional Chinese medication for eye problems. Goji Berries can be dried and eaten like raisins. They can also be eaten raw or added to the dishes to gain the benefit of healthy eyes.
They are also commonly consumed in the form of teas and juices. Goji Berries contain antioxidants and they are rich in vitamin A as well. This makes them a very effective herbal cure for dry eyes. When consumed in moderation, Goji Berries are a completely safe herbal remedy for dry eyes.
Goji Berry (Wolfberry) Herbal Supplement Products
DIET, NUTRITION & LIFESTYLE RECOMMENDATIONS
These recommendations are given as a home treatment to help alleviate your symptoms of DES.
Drink at least 10 glasses (80-ounces) of water every day. Steam-distilled or quality bottled water is best. Drinking plenty of water will help keep mucous membranes in your eyes moist.
Eat three healthy and sensible meals and snacks every day. The meals should always include whole foods. Take a daily Multivitamin, Essential Fatty Acids, with EPA and DHA, plus Vitamin E, which helps omega-3 do its work. Look for the right balance of omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9. It is all about balance. Read the label to determine if the supplement is free of lead, mercury, PCBs, and other contaminants.
Eat more foods rich in Omega-3 & Omega-6 Essential Fatty Acids. These may include Flaxseed, Walnuts, and fatty fish like Salmon and Sardines. Fish & Salmon Oil supplements may be taken to provide needed essential fatty acids in the diet to help relieve dry eye signs and symptoms. In a 2005 study, women who consumed more Omega-3s were less likely to experience dry eyes.
BALANCE & DETOXIFICATION
The eyes are crucial diagnostic tools in many Eastern healing traditions. Practitioners will look deeply at a patient's eyes to obtain better insight about the health concerns. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the eyes are thought to be where your purest energy flows. When your life is balanced and you are healthy, your eyes radiate clarity that is visible to the practitioner. When your life is not balanced, your eyes show it, because the liver (organ of detoxification) rules the eye in TCM.
Symptoms of dry eye might be a warning sign that your body is not detoxifying properly and thus inflammation occurs. The inflammation connection is supported many conventional eye practitioners who encourage their patients to add omega-3 supplements or fish oil to their dry eye treatment. A recent study showed that a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids reduced the risk of dry eye by 20-percent compared to women with low levels of omega-3.
In addition, there are other benefits when you increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids (with supplements; eating fish, such as mackerel, tuna, or wild salmon; or eating some nuts and seeds). They naturally moderate inflammation. They also assist in tear stimulation and secretion and help to increase oils in the secretion. In addition they are thought to moderate extra production of estrogen. These all help provide natural lubrication instead of temporary "artificial" relief, such as over the counter eye drops.
Balance your hormones. Endocrine support can help your body produce natural levels of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Try eating more whole grains, less sugar, and fewer processed foods. This will help to control insulin levels and keep inflammation under control.
Hot or Warm compresses can be used to relieve dry eyes. Soak a washcloth in hot water and place it over your eye for 10 minutes two times a day. This method may stimulate your glands to produce more oil by warming the oil in the oil glands, making it flow more easily, which will keep your tears from evaporating as quickly. Eyelid scrubs or massages with a baby shampoo help by providing a thicker, more stable lipid layer. This is especially helpful if you have meibomian gland dysfunction, rosacea, or blepharitis. The massaging action helps to get the oil of the glands. The cleansing action decreases the number of bacteria that break down the oil.
If your tear ducts are swollen, add more Calcium to your diet and avoid processed foods.
Some people have seen their dry eye symptoms improve after acupuncture therapy.
Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air in your home or workplace. Lack of humidity may be the source of your dry eyes. Get a hygrometer to measure the humidity, then add the humidifier to raise the level. With more moisture in the air, your tears evaporate more slowly, keeping your eyes more comfortable. Both furnaces in the winter and air conditioning in the summer decrease the humidity in the air. Change the water and clean and disinfect the tank frequently to prevent mold contamination.
Wear wraparound glasses on windy days. Protective eyewear or safety shields can be added to the sides of eyeglasses to block wind and dry air. Excessive air movement dries out your eyes. Avoid having excessive air movement by decreasing the speed of ceiling fans and/or oscillating fans. Ask about shields where you buy your eyeglasses.
Be aware of your environment. The air at high altitudes, in desert areas and in airplanes can be extremely dry. When spending time in such an environment, it may be helpful to frequently close your eyes for a few minutes at a time to minimize evaporation of your tears.
Check your medications. If you are on prescription drugs, talk to your health care provider to see if anything might be causing your dry eyes. There could be alternative medications.
Avoid pollution and irritants. Smoke and pollutions can aggravate dry eyes. Avoid rubbing your eyes because that can disturb the tear film, remove tears, and transfer irritants to your eyes. If you wear makeup, it is suggested that you purchase hypoallergenic make-up.
Avoid cigarette smoke and other types of smoke. If you smoke, stop smoking and ask health care provider about devising a quit-smoking strategy that is most likely to work for you. If you do not smoke, stay away from people who do. Also avoid campfire smoke, barbeque or grilling smoke, trash burning smoke, and smoke caused by any type of fire. Smoke can worsen dry eyes symptoms. Large amounts of dust or other particulate matter in the air may worsen the symptoms of dry eye. In those situations, an air filter may be helpful.
Position your computer screen below eye level. If your computer screen is above eye level, you will open your eyes wider to view the screen. Position your computer screen below eye level so that you will not open your eyes as wide. This may help slow the evaporation of your tears between eye blinks.
Avoid products that claim they can "get the red out". Some over-the-counter drops used to relieve red eyes contain vasoconstrictors that can further dry your eyes, especially if used for an extended period of time.
Limit your use of hair dryers. Allow your hair to dry naturally. Shield your eyes from direct heat blasts from hair dryers, open ovens and other heat sources, such as car heaters, as well as fans or air conditioners.
Computer use, watching television, reading or other close work where you need to visually concentrate can cause or exacerbate dry eye syndrome. When you concentrate you do not blink as often and therefore your eyes are not being lubricated. Try to blink more frequently and take frequent breaks to allow your eyes to rest and become moist and comfortable again. Closing your eyes for 10 seconds every 5 to 10 minutes will also increase your comfort and help spread your natural tears evenly over your eyes.
Take special care with contact lenses. Contact lenses can soak up the fluid in your eye and they also collect proteins on the surface, which further irriates the eyes. Keep lenses clean, and try not to wear them all the time. If you need to use eye drops, check the label, as not all drops are made to be used with contacts.
Get more regular sleep. This will give your eyes the rest they need and will also help reduce the stress that contributes to hormonal imbalances. Your body repairs its cells and detoxifies while you sleep, which in turn also helps decrease inflammation.
Pay attention to your intuition. This could be the best tool for you to find a way to keep your eyes healthy. Dry eye is a common symptom during menopause. Many women experience this symptom and many get relief. Be patient while you are improving and speak with your health care provider if your symptoms get worse. Eyesight is an important part of daily lives and is often taken for granted. Make positive changes in your healthy lifestyle that will benefit you and your eyes.
Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments
Vitamin A 25,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. Benefit for eyes that seem scratchy and dry. Tears contain vitamin A. Plus
& Carotene Complex
As directed on label. Needed for all eye disorders. Lutein As directed on label. Lutein can help protect the retina from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light and free radicals. Needed for all eye disorders. And
As directed on label. Needed for all eye disorders. Evening Primrose Oil 1,000 mg two to three times daily. A source of essential fatty acids.
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
If you or a family member (such as a child) is having problems distinguishing colors or find colors confusing. This member may need to be tested for color blindness.
If you or a family member are having problems with vision and/or you suspect an infection. Call your health care provider immediately if you experience severe eye pain or a sudden change in your vision, such as loss of vision or double vision.
If you have any increase of symptoms. You may need frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription. If you have blurred or double vision that develops slowly; are having a problem seeing because of daytime glare or have difficulty driving at night because of glare from headlights, you need to see your health care provider.
If you have any unexpected or unusual symptoms. There may be underlying health issues that need to be addressed.
If you are having vision problems that are affecting your ability to perform daily activities.
Call your child's health care provider if your baby does not look directly at or respond readily to faces or large, colorful objects by age 2 to 3 months or if your child scowls, squints, or shields his or her eyes more than expected when in sunlight, or light seems to hurt your child's eyes.
You and your family members should have your eyesight checked regularly by your health care provider to rule out any problems and to receive a prescription for contacts or eyeglasses, if they are needed. Preserve you vision. It is very important.
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness Nutrition Basics: Vitamin A
MoonDragon's Nutrition Guidelines & Index
Dry Eye Syndrome How to Relieve Dry Eye Syndrome Dry Eye Syndromes Fact Sheet Dry Eyes In Winter Mayo Clinic: Dry Eyes American Optometric Association: Dry Eye Focus on Dry Eye - Chronic Dry Eye Aging Eyes: The Eye Digest - Dry Eye Treatments - List of Commercial DES Products & Ingredients
American Academy of Ophthalmology
655 Beach Street
San Francisco, CA 94120
Website: American Academy of Ophthalmology
EYE CARE SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products for dry eye syndrome, a condition which occurs when tear ducts do not produce enough fluid to sufficiently moisten the eyes, causing irritation and burning.
EYE CARE & VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Alive Multi-Nutrient Products Alpha Carotene Supplement Products Antioxidant Complex Products Beta Carotene Products Bilberry Herbal Poducts Carotene Complex Products Carrot Herbal Products Cod LIver Oil Supplement Products EFA Supplement Products Eyebright Herbal Products Eye Care Products Fish & Salmon Oil Supplement Products Ginkgo Biloba Herbal Products Hyaluronic Acid Supplement Products
Lutein Supplement Products Lycopene Supplement Products Magnesium Supplement Products Multi-Enzymes Supplement Products Multi-Mineral Supplement Products Multi-Vitamin Supplement Products Neuromins Supplement Products Prenatal Multi-Nutrient Products Selenium Supplement Products Taurine Supplement Products Vitamin A Supplement Products Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products Zeaxanthin Supplement Products Zinc Supplement Products
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
FTC Advertising & Affilate Disclosure: This website has an affiliate relationship with certain merchants selling products and we recieve commissions from those sales to help support this website. Any products listed here are not listed by any rating system. We do not rate any product or post any feedback about products listed here. We leave this to the individual merchants to provide. We do not provide product prices or shopping carts since you do not order these products directly from us, but from the merchant providing the products. We only provide the link to that merchant webpage with all related product information and pricing. The products are listed here by merchant, product use, quantity size or volume, and for nutritional supplements - dosage per unit. All product descriptions are provided by the merchant or manufacturer and are not our descriptive review of the product. We do not endorse any specific product or attest to its effectiveness to treat any health condition or support nutritional requirements for any individual.
EYE CARE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Vision Enhancement Phyto Capsules, Gaia Herbs, 2685 mg, 60 Caps
Our eyes rely on antioxidants to protect against the oxidative damage that occurs daily. Vision Enhancement promotes healthy vision while supporting normal eye function. With naturally occurring antioxidants such as Anthocyanins from Bilberry, Proanthocyanidins from Grape Seed, and Carotenoids like Lutein and Astaxathin, Vision Enhancement is a protective shield for the eyes. Contains: Bilberry Berry (Vaccinium myrtillus), Vitamin C, Grape Seed (Vitis vinifera), Lutein, Astaxanthan, Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable cellulose (capsule). Each capsule contains the equivalent of 2685 mg. crude herb. 60 capsules per bottle.
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Flents Plastic Eyewash Cup
HerbsPro: OcuSense Eye Health With Lutein, Natrol, 50 Caps
Natrol OcuSense provides a comprehensive blend of the most clinically studied ingredients for eye health. There has never been such a complete and advanced eye-health formula! Keep your future in focus with OcuSense. Eyes are susceptible to the effects of light radiation, accumulated sun exposure, and diet deficiencies. There is also the ever-present threat from free radicals - molecules which constantly bombard healthy cells. Take steps now to help maintain healthy vision during the aging process. OcuSense contains a highly concentrated form of lutein which filters harmful light and acts as an antioxidant, shielding cells from free-radical damage. Most people do not eat the necessary amount of lutein-containing vegetables such as spinach and kale. Clinical research indicates a diet high in lutein may protect against vision loss. This formula includes lutein as well as carrot extract and six recommended vitamins and minerals.
HerbsPro: Bilberry, Ginkgo, Eyebright Complex Plus Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps
This proprietary, antioxidant-rich formula supplies important vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, the vital carotenoid Lutein, and herbal extracts to help improve circulation and decrease free radical damage to bodily tissue, including the eyes and skin.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral Supplements With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 50 Softgels
HerbsPro: Ginkgold Eyes, For Visual Function, Natures Way, 60 Tabs
For visual function. Strengthens capillaries supports healthy connective tissue and microcirculation. Supports the retina and its adaptation to light and dark conditions. Provides lutein and zeaxanthin, two protective carotenoids essential to the macula.
HerbsPro: Raw Eye Glandlar, 100% Pure Bovine Eye Tissue, Ultra Glandulars, 200 mg, 60 Tabs
The eye is nearly a perfect sphere and occupies the anterior part of the frontal cavity of the skull. It is made of three concentric layers: the cornea, iris and the retina. It is one of the most adaptable organs and it's distinctness varies with individuals. It is the organ of sight.
HerbsPro: Eye Care, Canfo Natural Products, 900 mg, 60 Tabs
Eye strain is a serious problem, more than many realize. The liver is believed to nourish and moisten the eyes. When the liver is deficient in nutrients, common problems include blurry vision, myopia, floaters in the eyes, color blindness, or dry eyes. When there is heat in the liver, eyes are likely to be bloodshot, often with a painful or burning sensation. EyeCare focuses on the liver, providing it the nutrients it needs for overall liver health and wellness. Vegan, non-GMO project verified, and gluten free. Supports overall eye health and function. Designed for the heavy computer user, 100% natural herbal supplement.
HerbsPro: Eye Sentials, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
Eye-Sentials is an advanced nutritional supplement designed to maintain ocular health that may decline as a result of dietary deficiencies, aging, toxins, free radical exposure, stress, and sunlight. The formula includes the antioxidants Alpha Lipoic Acid and Beta Carotene; Bilberry Extract, which contains bioflavonoids that support healthy histamine levels and helps remove materials from the retina; Eyebright, an herb that is used extensively for dry, irritated eyes, and eye strain; L-Glutathione and Lutein to help protect the lens from UV rays; Taurine, essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the retina; Quercetin and Rutin, antioxidants to support capillary strength; and Lycopene, a phytonutrient from tomatoes with antioxidant properties.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein Supplements, Bausch & Lomb, 120 Softgels
HerbsPro: Clear Eye Herb Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags
Clear Eye Herb Tea is made of wild Dendrobium (dendrobii caulis), Solomon Seal (polygonati rhizoma) and Abalone Shell (haliotidis concha), Green Tea and Jasmine Flower. They provide dendroxine, dendramine, amino acids, calcium carbonate, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine uses them to nurture the eye and pacify the nervous system, protect retina, and improve eyesight.
HerbsPro: Similasan Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33 oz.
Similasan's unique Active Response Formula homeopathic medicine stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge, & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. The active ingredients in Similasan Eye Drops work effectively with no known side effects and no known drug interactions.
HerbsPro: Eye Stress Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Eye Stress Indications for Use: For fast relief of tense, tired, irritated, red, itchy and burning eyes due to eye strain, stress and overuse; intolerance to artificial light as from computers. For eyes that easily fatigue.
HerbsPro: Allergy & Red Eye Relief Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Allergy & Red Eye Relief Indications for Use: For relief of allergy & red eye - dry, red, itchy, burning, swollen, inflamed, mucoid, watery, conjuntiva, sensitive eyes associated with allergies, hay fever, irritations, overuse.
HerbsPro: Platinum Eye Care Liquid, Natures Answer, 8 fl. oz.
Natural Strawberry Flavor. Synergistically combines vitamins, well known for their antioxidant support, along with minerals, protective phytonutrients, & carotenoids.
HerbsPro: Apricot Eye Care, Better Botanicals, 0.5 oz.
Tighten, brighten and strengthen delicate under-eye skin with this antioxidant power pack. Rejuvenate skin and even skin tone with Ayurvedic herbs rich in Vitamins A, C, B complex, organic protein and calcium. Fine lines will seem to melt away under this tender touch.
HerbsPro: Age Defying Eye Creme With Astazanthin & Pycnogenol, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Astazanthin & Pycnogenol Age-Defying Eye Crème is an intensive age-defying eye creme that soothes and moisturizes for velvety-smooth skin. Helps fight damage and improve the skin health to diminish the appearance of wrinkles for smoother, firmer, younger-looking eyes. Astazanthin and Pycnogenol are two of the most powerful antioxidants that counteract the signs of aging.
HerbsPro: Pycnogenol Eye Gel With Green Tea Extract, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel combines the best of science and nature to offer you continuing benefits for the most vulnerable area of the skin's surface-the tissues surrounding your eyes. Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea are two powerful antioxidants that will penetrate your skin and fight the signs of aging by gently repairing and restoring damaged tissues, while an added ingredient, Witch Hazel, blends in to tighten up the eye area and promote smoothness. Your eyes will not only feel smooth and firm, they will look younger too. In many cases, Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel will even help to reduce under eye puffiness caused by water retention. No animal testing.
HerbsPro: Revitalizing Eye Gel Organic Lavender, Avalon Organics, 1 oz.
Product description: for firmer, revitialized and radiant eyes. Brightens, hydrates and soothes delicate eye area with our Peptide Complex and Hyaluronic Acid to reduce the appearance of lines, puffiness and dark circles.
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Green Tea Eye Gel, Alba Botanica, 1 oz.
Alba's collection of natural Hawaiian beauty secrets made with tropical fruit and flower extracts, nourishing nut oils and certified organic aloe vera, revered for their curative and rejuvenating properties, are blended together to create exotic skin care products for soft, healthy, luminous skin. Skin friendly. Maui approved. Alba Hawaiian Skin Care products are made with only hypo-allergenic ingredients within the vegetarian ethic, and no animal testing. Certified organic aloe vera and green tea antioxidants soothe, smooth and protect delicate eye area. 100% Vegetarian Ingredients. No Animal Testing. PH Balanced.
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Regular, Nexcare, 20 Units
Highly breathable backing - 10 times better than Coverlet brand. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent non-stick pad. Ideal for treating Strabismus (lazy eye) and for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive. Regular size patches measure 3.189 inches x 2.185 inches oval (81 mm x 55.5 mm).
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Junior, Nexcare, 20 Units
Doctor recommended. Gentle to skin. Sticks well, yet removes easily. Highly breathable backing. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent nonstick pad. Ideal for treating strabismus (lazy eye) or for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive.
HerbsPro: Collagen Fibre Eye Pads With Myoxinol, Instant Firming, Reviva, 1 Kit
100% native collagen; amazing salon treatment for under-eye wrinkles, pouches, dark circles. Cut into strips for more economical usage.
Amazon: Eye & Vision Care Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information
TYPES OF EYE PROBLEMS & DISORDERS
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.