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Eye Disorders & Problems
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Cataracts Description Cataracts Signs & Symptoms Cataracts Causes Cataracts Risk Factors Cataracts Prevention Cataract Diagnosis Cataract Treatment Cataract Herbal Recommendations Cataract Diet & Nutrition Cataract Nutritional Supplements Notify Your Health Practitioner Eye Care Supplement & Support Products
CLOUDING OF THE LENS
A cataract is a clouding of the eye's normally clear lens that can lead to vision problems. When the lens of the eye thickens, becoming clouded or opaque, it becomes unable to focus or admit light properly. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window. This eye condition is referred to as a cataract. Clouded vision caused by cataracts can make it more difficult to read, drive a car (especially at night) or see the expression on a friend's face.
Most cataracts develop slowly and do not disturb your eyesight early on. But with time, cataracts will eventually interfere with your vision. At first, stronger lighting and eyeglasses can help you deal with cataracts. But if impaired vision interferes with your usual activities, you might need cataract surgery. Fortunately, cataract surgery is generally a safe, effective procedure. Untreated, blindness may result as more of the lens is affected by the growing cataract.
Some causes of cataracts include aging, diabetes, heavy metal poisoning, exposure to radiation, injury to the eye, and the use of certain drugs, such as steroids.
The lens, where cataracts form, is positioned behind the colored part of your eye (iris). The lens focuses light that passes into your eye, producing clear, sharp images on the retina. The light-sensitive membrane on the back inside wall of your eyeball that functions like the film of a camera.
A cataract scatters the light as it passes through the lens, preventing a sharply defined image from reaching your retina. As a result, your vision becomes blurred. As you age, the lenses in your eyes become less flexible, less transparent and thicker. Age-related changes cause tissues within the lens to break down and clump together, clouding small areas within the lens. As the cataract continues to develop, the clouding becomes denser and involves a greater part of the lens.
Cataracts may develop in only one eye, but they usually develop in both of your eyes. However, the cataracts usually are not totally symmetrical, and the cataract in one eye may be more advanced than the other.
Nuclear Cataracts: Cataracts that affect the center of the lens are known as nuclear cataracts. A nuclear cataract may at first cause you to become more nearsighted or even experience a temporary improvement in your reading vision. But with time, the lens gradually turns more densely yellow and further clouds your vision. As the cataract slowly progresses, the lens may even turn brown. Advanced yellowing or browning of the lens can lead to difficulty distinguishing between shades of color.
Cortical Cataracts: Cataracts that affect the edges of the lens are known as cortical cataracts. A cortical cataract begins as whitish, wedge-shaped opacities or streaks on the outer edge of the lens cortex. As it slowly progresses, the streaks extend to the center and interfere with light passing through the center of the lens. People with cortical cataracts often experience problems with glare.
Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts: Cataracts that affect the back of the lens are known as posterior subcapsular cataracts. A posterior subcapsular cataract starts as a small, opaque area that usually forms near the back of the lens, right in the path of light on its way to the retina. A posterior subcapsular cataract often interferes with your reading vision, reduces your vision in bright light, and causes glare or halos around lights at night.
Congenital Cataracts: Cataracts you are born with are known as congenital cataracts. Some people are born with cataracts or develop them during childhood. Such cataracts may be the result of the mother having contracted an infection during pregnancy. These cataracts also may be due to certain conditions, such as myotonic dystrophy, galactosemia, Lowe's syndrome or rubella. Congenital cataracts do not always affect vision, but if they do they are usually removed soon after detection.
CATARACT FREQUENT SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
LOSS OF VISION
The main symptom of a developing cataract is a gradual, painless loss of vision. Cataracts are the number one cause of blindness in the world. Occasionally, a cataract may swell and cause secondary glaucoma.
Common signs and symptoms of cataracts include
- Clouded, blurred or dim vision.
- Increasing difficulty wiht vision at night.
- Sensitivity to light and glare.
- Seeing "halos" around lights.
- Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions.
- Fading or yellowing of colors.
- Double vision in a single eye.
In the beginning, the cloudiness in your vision caused by the cataract may only affect a small part of the eye's lens and you may be unaware of any vision loss. As the cataract grows larger, more of your lens becomes cloudy, distorting the light passing through the lens. This may lead to signs and symptoms you are more likely to notice.
You should make an appointment with your eye practitioner if you notice any vision changes. This is especially important if you develop sudden vision changes, such as double vision or blurriness. If this occurs, see your eye practitioner right away.
Most cataracts develop when aging or injury changes the tissue of the eye lens. General poor eye health, UV light exposure, poor nutrition, and other lifestyle habits, stress, and chronic disease are related to the develoment of cataracts.
Cataracts can be caused by other eye conditions, chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, and obesity. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption may influence the development of cataracts.
The most common form of cataract is senile cataract, which affect people over 65 years of age. This type of cataract is often caused by free radical damage. Exposure to ultraviolet rays and low-level radiation from x-rays leads to the formation of reactive chemical fragments in the eye lens. These free radicals attack the structural proteins, enzymes, and cell membranes of the lens. The free radicals in our food, water, and environment are probably a major factor in the increasing number of cataracts in our population.
Some cataracts are related to inherited genetic disorders that cause other health problems and increase your risk of cataracts. Congenital disorders in children.
An article in Science magazine reported that the single greatest cause of cataracts is the body's inability to cope with food sugars. Lactose (milk sugar) was the worst offender; followed by refined white sugar. Many eye specialists note that most people with cataracts eat diets that include substantial amounts of dairy products and refined white sugar. Cataracts can also develop if the diet is inadequate and prolonged stress is endured.
People who are deficient in the enzyme that converts galactose into glucose (ordinary blood sugar) develop cataracts much sooner than the rest of the population.
Eye trauma, even years after an eye injury or surgery on or around the eye. Welding, glassblowing and ironwork occupations are exposed to increased heat or other types of radiation. Living at increased altitudes increases risks of developing cataracts.
Medications, especially photosensitizing agents that increase exposure of the lens to UV damage. Steroids, especially eye drops. Long term use of steroid medications can cause cataracts to develop.
CATARACT RISK FACTORS
Factors that increase your risk of cataracts include:
UV-LIGHT & SUNLIGHT
- Increasing age.
- Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.
- Excessive exposure to sunlight.
- Exposure to ionizing radiation, such as that used in X-rays and cancer radiation therapy.
- Family history of cataracts.
- High blood pressure.
- Previous eye injury or inflammation.
- Previous eye surgery.
- Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications.
Avoid direct sunlight. Wear a wide-brimmed hat when outdoors, and protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses (polarized) that completely block ultraviolet rays. Make sure the sunglasses are large enough to adequately protect your eyes.
MEDICATIONS & RADIATION
If you have cataracts, avoid antihistamines. Avoid overuse or prolonged use of corticosteroid medications. Limit radiation exposure.
Many synthetic pharmaceuticals and chemicals can contribut to cataract formation. Steroids, taken internally or applied to the skin, are a typical cause of cataracts because they block the normal metabolism of connective tissue of which the lens is composed.
Avoid microwaves and minimize exosure to other ionizing radiations from xrays and cancer radiation therapy. Radiation leakage from microwave ovens are suspected to be a direct cause of cataracts. Avoid peeking into the open door window while you cook. In addition, food proteins exposed to microwave s can become toxic to the lens that is made mostly of protein.
A number of heavy metals increase in concentration in the lenses of both aging people and people with cataracts. Cadmium, for instance, is found at levels two or three times higher than normal in lenses with cataracts. Concentrations of other metals, such as cobalt, nickel, iridium, and bromine also are elevated.
Smoking is a risk factor for cataracts, probably because the free radicals it generates increase the oxidant stress on the body. A study of cigarette smoking and the risk of cataracts reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association found a significant association between smoking and the incidence of cataracts. Cigarette smoking causes about 20-percent of all cataracts. Men who smoke more than a pack a day increase their risk for cataracts by 205-percent. For female smokers, the risk of getting cataracts increases 63-percent. Quitting without supplementing the diet with additional vitamins and minerals does not seem to eliminate the increased risk for almost ten years, probably due to smoking having depleted antioxidant levels in the eye.
PROPER NUTRITION & POSITIVE LIFESTYLE CHOICES
Several stategies may be helpful in the prevention or slowing the progression of cataracts.
Regular Eye Exams. Eye examinations can help detect cataracts and other eye problems at their earliest stages. Eye exam frequency will be deteremined by your eye-health care practitioner depending upon your health, age and other factors.
Quit Smoking. If you need helpful suggestions about how to stop smoking, there are medications, counseling and other strategies are available to help you. Discuss it with your health care provider.
Reduce Alcohol Use. Excessive alcohol use can increase the risk of cataracts and nutritional deficiencies of important nutrients.
Wear Sunglasses. Ultraviolet light from the sun may contribute to the development of cataracts. Wear sunglasses that provide 100-percent blocking of ultraviolet B (UVB) rays when you are outdoors.
Manage Other Health Problems. Follow your treatment plan if you have diabetes or other medical conditions that can increase your risk of cataracts.
Maintain Healthy Weight. If you currently have a healthy weight, work to maintain it by exercising most days of the week. If you are overweight or obese, work to lose weight slowly by reducing your calorie intake and increasing the amount of exercise you get each day.
Follow A Healthy Dietary Plan. Choose a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. Adding a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables to your diet ensures that you are getting many vitamins and nutrients. Fruits and vegetables have many antioxidants, which help maintain the health of your eyes. A large population study recently showed that a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals was associated with a reduced risk of developing cataracts. Fruits and vegetables have many proven health benefits and are a safe way to increase the amount of minerals and vitamins in your diet.
DIAGNOSTIC EYE EXAM TESTS
Your health care provider will review your medical history and symptoms. An eye examination is done and several tests will be conducted.
Visual Acuity Test: This test uses an eye chart to measure how well you can read a series of letters. Your eyes are tested one at a time, while the other is covered. Using a chart or viewing device with progressively smaller letters, your eye practitioner determines if you have 20/20 vision or if your vision shows signs of impairment.
Slit-Lamp Examination: Using a light and magnification to examine your eye, a slit lamp allows your eye practitioner to see the structures at the front of your eye under magnification. The microscope is called a slit lamp because it uses an intense line of light, a slit, to illuminate your cornea, iris, lens, and the space between your iris and cornea. The slit allows your eye practitioner to view these structures in small sections, which makes it easier to detect any tiny abnormalities.
Retinal Examination: To prepare for a retinal examination, your eye practitioner puts dilating drops in your eyes to open your pupils wide. This makes it easier to examine the back of your eyes (retina). Using a slit lamp or a special device called an ophthalmoscope, your eye doctor can examine your lens for signs of a cataract.
CATARACT CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT
The conventional treatment for cataracts is surgery. Surgery is the only effective treatment for cataracts. Discuss with your eye practitioner about whether surgery is right for you. Most practitioners suggest considering surgery for cataracts when your quality of life is affected or the cataracts interfere with your ability to perform normal daily activities, such as reading or driving at night. This decision will be made between you and your eye practitioner. Usually there is no rush to remove cataracts because they usually do not harm the eye. Delaying the procedure will not make it more likely that you will not recover your vision if you decide to have surgery at a later time. Consider benefits and risks of cataract surgery. If you decide to wait, periodic follow-up exams may be recommended to determine progression of your cataracts.
In cataract surgery, the eye's own dysfunctional cloudy lens is removed, and usually is replaced with a prosthetic artificial lens implant. The lens may be removed whole, or a surgical procedure called phacoemulsification (often, called the "phaco" technique) may be used. In this operation, the surgeon makes one minuscule incision, inserts the tip of a vibrating instrument into the cataract, and beats it until it turns liquid. The liquid is then sucked out and a new lens is implanted. The artificial lens, called an intraocular lens, is postioned in the same place as your natural lens, and it remains a permanent part of your eye. With this type of surgery, the incision is only 1/10th of an inch long, compared to conventional 1/3 inch or 1/2 inch incisions.
For some people, other eye problems prohibit the use of an artificial lens. In these situations, once the cataract is removed, vision may be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Another method used is extracapsular surgery, in which a slightly longer incision is made on the side of the cornea. The surgeon then removes the hard center of the lens, and the remainder of the lens is removed by suction.
Cataract surgery is generally done on an outpatient basis, which means you will not need to stay in a hospital after the surgery. During cataract surgery, your eye practitioner uses local anesthesia to numb the area around your eye, but you usually stay awake during the procedure. Cataract surgery is generally safe, but it carries a risk of infection and bleeding. Cataract surgery increases the risk of retinal detachment.
After the procedure, you will have some discomfort for a few days. You generally will be healed within eight weeks. If you need cataract surgery in both eyes, your eye practitioner will schedule surgery to remove the cataract in the second eye a month or two after the first surgery.
According to the National Eye Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, about 1.5 million Americans had cataract surgery in 1990, up from only 250,000 in 1980. Cataract surgery is among the most frequently performed operations in the United States. Yet a 1991 survey concluded that half of the people who had cataract surgery were dissatisfied with the results. In some people, the capsules holding the implants become cloudy, diminishing vision. An ophthalmologist can correct this problem by using a laser to make a tiny hole in the capsule, clearing the passage to the retina. In 1991, this surgery was performed on more than 640,000 Medicare recipients, according to researchers at Georgetown University and Johns Hopkins Schools of Medicine. However, the Wall Street Journal has reported that people with cataracts who undergo this procedure are nearly four times more likely than others to suffer a detached retina or other difficulties, even vision loss. Surgery should be resorted to only when absolutely necessary - when your natural lens becomes so opaque that you cannot read or drive.
LIVING WITH CATARACTS
TIPS FOR IMPROVING VISION WHEN YOU HAVE CATARACTS
To deal with cataract symptoms until you decide to have surgery, here are some tips that might help you adapt to mild vision problems:
- Reposition room lights and use window shades to avoid glare (on TV screens, computer screens).
- When you go outside during the day, wear sunglasses or a broad-brimmed hat to reduce glare.
- Use table or floor lamps for close reading and other fine work, moving them closer to work or reading areas.
- Use a magnifying glass to read.
- Use more lighting or higher-watt bulbs for steps and hallways.
- Keep your eyeglass lens prescription current. Replace your prescription before considering cataract surgery.
- Limit night driving.
Self-care measures may help for a while, but as the cataract progresses, your vision may deteriorate further. When vision loss starts to interfere with your everyday activities, consider cataract surgery.
LOW-VISION ACCOMMODATIONS IN YOUR HOME
These are just a few suggestions on ways you can make living with low vision easier and safer. Low-vision rehabilitation specialists can provide you with detailed information and training on managing your household, personal grooming, cooking, shopping, traveling, and other activities that can be more challenging when you have low vision.
Position lighting so that it is aimed at what you want to see, and away from your eyes. Add table and floor lamps in areas where extra lighting is frequently needed. Use window coverings that allow you to adjust the level of natural lighting. Make sure potentially hazardous areas such as entries and stairways are well lit.
Contrast makes use of your eyes' ability to distinguish objects and their surroundings based on differences in brightness or color (contrast), rather than shape or location. If you have low vision, you may need more light (illumination) to be able to distinguish objects with similar brightness or color (low contrast). There are many ways you can increase the contrast in your environment to help you locate and identify things.
Place light objects against dark backgrounds, or dark objects against a light background. For example, if you have white or light-colored walls, use dark switch plates to mark the location of light switches. You can also use lighted switches that glow softly and so are easier to identify. You can also use paint in a contrasting color to mark electrical outlets, oven dials, thermostats, and other items so that they are easier to find and use. Paint door frames in a contrasting color; if the door is light, paint the frame with a dark color. Use dark doorknobs on light-colored doors. In your bathroom, use contrasting color for items such as cups, soap dishes, and even the soap.
LABELING & MARKING
Use high contrast, such as bold black lettering on a white background, when making labels, signs, and other markings. Label any medications you take so that they are easily and clearly identified. You can also use colored, high-contrast labels to "color code" medications, spices, foods, stove dials, and other items. If you need to post signs, place them at eye level. Use large, high-contrast lettering. Mark the positions of the temperature settings you use most frequently on your stove and oven controls, as well as the "on" and "off" positions. Some appliances are available with extra-large, high-contrast markings and indicators. In the kitchen and bathroom, it may be useful to mark the positions of hot and cold water faucets. In a bathtub or shower, you can clearly mark the settings for the faucets that provide the right water temperature. To prevent overfilling a sink or bathtub, you can mark the water level you want with a strip of waterproof tape or waterproof marker.
ELIMINATE POTENTIAL HAZARDS
Replace or remove any worn carpeting or floor coverings. If you use throw rugs or area rugs, tape them down or consider removing them. Avoid smooth floor coverings, and do not wax kitchen and bathroom floors. Use nonskid, non-glare cleaners on smooth floors if you have them. Remove electrical cords from areas where you need to walk. If this is not possible, tape them down so you will not trip over them. Arrange your furniture so it does not stick out into areas where you need to walk. Keep chairs pushed in under tables and desks when not in use. Similarly, keep desk, cabinet, and bureau drawers closed. Keep doors either fully opened or fully closed, but not halfway. Keep doors that stick out into a room or hallway closed. Mark the areas around stairways and ramps with paint or tape, preferably with a high-contrast color such as dark tape on light carpeting. Make sure stairways, ramps, and hallways are well lit. Make sure the handrails on stairways and ramps extend beyond the top and bottom steps, because people often stumble when they miss a step at the top or bottom of an incline. Consider installing handrails in other potentially hazardous areas.
LOW-VISION AIDS & ADAPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
Low-vision aids and adaptive technology help people with impaired vision to work, communicate, travel, and manage their daily life.
Your eye care professional or a low-vision specialist will use the information from a low-vision evaluation to recommend the most appropriate types of aids that will help you cope with your specific vision impairment.
Low-vision aids are special lenses or electronic systems that make images appear larger. They may include:
Magnifying Lenses. These may range from simple hand held lenses for reading to special eyeglasses or magnifiers much like the lenses that jewelers use. Some magnifying lenses have a built-in light for better illumination, and some are mounted on stands so your hands are free. For distance vision, small hand held telescopes or lenses that clip onto your eyeglasses may be used.
Video Enlargement Systems. These are electronic systems that include a closed-circuit television camera (CCTV) or video camera that can be used to transmit an enlarged image of print, pictures, or other items onto a screen where it is easier for you to see. These systems can also sometimes adjust brightness and contrast to make the enlarged image easier to see. Some video systems have both the camera and screens built into a head-mounted device that looks like a pair of large goggles, allowing a person to move around while using them.
Computer Display & Enlargement Systems. Large screens and software that enlarge print, pictures, and other visual information are available. Computers also allow you to alter brightness, contrast, color, and other parts of the display to make it easier to see what is on the screen. Computers are sometimes used with video enlargement systems.
Adaptive technology is used in devices or products that may not necessarily help you see better but can make life easier and safer. Many are designed to help you perform common tasks that may be more difficult when you have impaired vision. Examples of adaptive technology include:
Large-Print Items. Books, newspapers, magazines, medicine labels, bank checks, and playing cards are often available in large print. Many people with low vision also use recordings of books and other printed materials.
Special Papers & Writing Aids. These may be something as simple as paper with extra-bold lines that help you write information on checks in the proper spaces.
Adaptive Appliances. These are common household items that have been adapted for use by people with low vision, such as clocks and watches with electronic voices that announce the time, or clocks, telephones, and calculators with extra-large buttons and numerals that can be seen more easily. Kitchen appliances with similar features, such as ovens, are also available.
Speech Software For Computer Systems. Special software allows computers to recognize spoken commands or to convert dictated speech into text. Speech synthesis software allows computers to speak text and read documents.
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Software. OCR systems allow you to scan documents and convert them into computer text that can be enlarged for display or read aloud by a speech synthesis program.
RELATED EXTERNAL INTERNET LINKS
FAQ's: Cataracts & Cataract Surgery by AllAboutVision.com
St. Luke's Eye: Cataracts
Harvard: Cataracts Fact Sheet
Cataracts In America
Cataracts In Animals
CATARACT HERBAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The best thing you can do to prevent eye disorders is to make sure that your diet contains a variety of antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables. Both the lens of the eye and the aqueous humor contain protective enzymes that breakdown the damaged proteins that clump together and cause cataracts. Antioxidants keep these enzymes from being destroyed. Vitamin C, Vitamin E (mainly tocopherols), Glutathione, and a variety of Carotenoids are present in lens tissue and in the fluid that surrounds it.
Lutein is one such carotenoid. It is a major component of the yellow and orange pigment found in many fruits and vegetables including mangoes, corn, sweet potatoes, carrots, squash, tomatoes and dark, leafy greens such as kale, collards and bok choy. There is very good evidence that the lutein in food helps protect against cataracts and macular degeneration, two common, age-related eye disorders. Lutein and another carotenoid, Zeaxanthin, form the yellow pigment of the retina and help absorb ultraviolet blue light, a harmful component of sunlight. You can get zeaxanthin in orange bell peppers, oranges, corn and honeydew melon. Egg yolks also contain both lutein and zeaxanthin, but if you have high cholesterol, you are much better off getting the yellow nutrients from fruits and vegetables.
In addition to eating these foods, taking a good whole-food multivitamin-mineral complex that contains vitamin C, vitamin E in the form of mixed tocopherols and tocotrienols, mixed carotenoids (including lutein and zeaxanthin as well as beta-carotene) and the B-complex vitamins is recommended, especially for seniors. An anti-inflammatory diet may be recommended, including Essential Fatty Acids such as Fish Oil, and herbs like Turmeric and Ginger.
Bilberry extract ,taken orally, supplies bioflavonoids that aid in removing toxic chemicals from the retina of the eye. Ginkgo Biloba improves microcapillary circulation.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM) APPROACH
In TCM, senile cataracts often are seen as a result of a deficiency in the kidney and liver meridians. This causes a reduction of the energy and blood flow to the eyes, which leads to poor eye nutrition, resulting in opacity of the lens. The spleen meridian also plays a role in the nourishment of the eyes and, if dysfunctional, it can cause cataracts.
Chinese Herbal Formulas include:
Chinese Acupuncture Points: Points BL 1, BL 2, GB 1, ST 1, GB 37, LI 4, SP 6, CV 4, ST 36, KI 3, Yu Yao, Qiuhou.
- Dendrobium Pill for Night Vision (Shi Hu Ye Guang Wan): Extinguishes liver wind and enriches the yin.
- Brighten the Eyes (Ming Mu Di Huang Wan): Nourishes the liver, enriches the kidneys and improves vision.
- Preserve Vistas Pill (Zhu Jing Wan): Tonifies and nourishes the liver and kidneys, enriches the yin and improves vision.
- Lycium Fruit, Chrysanthemum and Rehmannia Pill (Qi Ju Di Huang Wan) Tonifies kidney yin, tonifies blood and clears the eyes.
Some information obtained from Natural Eye Care
CATARACT DIET & NUTRITION RECOMMENDATIONS
A nutritional program should be reviewed and maintained for at least three to four months before cataract surgery is considered. A low calorie diet, cutting calories 20 to 40 percent has been shown in animal studies a reduction in cataracts by 30 to 50 percent, as well as a 30 percent increase in longevity, increasing immune function and a decreased cancer risk.
High levels of sugar in the blood contribute to cataract formation. People with diabetes are 3 to 4 times more at risk for cataract formation. Blood sugar interferes with the len's ability to pump out excess fluid from the eye and maintain its clarity. An abundance of dietary sugar can cause this function to become difficult and sometimes impossible. Cataract prevention is important for people with diabetes because diabetic retinopathy can accelerate for 6 months following cataract surgery.
Vitamin C can both prevent and help heal cataracts. The normal lens contains a higher level of vitamin C than any other body organ except the adrenal glands. When cataracts are forming, the vitamin C level in the lens has been show to be very low. The vitamin c level in the aqueous humor, which supplies nutrition to the lens of the eye, is also low whan cataracts are forming. This reduction of vitamin c is due to the eye's impaired ability to secrete vitamin C into the aqueous humor and the body's overall vitamin c deficiency.
Taking Vitamin C supplements for at least a decade and eating a diet rich in antioxidants can lower risk of cataracts, according to researchers at Harvard Medical School.
Bioflavonoids, such as Quercetin and Rutin are immportant antioxidants. They work together efficiently with Vitamin C. Quercetin seems to be the moste effective in cataract prevention (1,000 mg daily).
Increase your consumption of green leafy vegetables - especially Collard Greens, Kale, Mustard Greens, Spinach, and Turnip Greens - legumes, and yellow vegetables. Also, flavonoid-rich berries - such as Blueberries, Blackberries, and Cherries - and foods rich in Vitamins E and Vitamin C, such as raw fruits and vegetables.
Several studies have found that people who eat foods rich in Lutein and Zeaxanthin (Broccoli, Collard Greens, Kale, Mustard Greens, Spinach, and Turnip Greens) are much less likely to develop age-related cataracts than those who do not include these foods in their diets. These foods also are effective in reducing the risk of macular degeneration. Researchers believe lutein and zeaxanthin act as antioxidants, protecting the cells in the eyes from free radical damage.
Eat foods high in antioxidants such as Beta-Carotene, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. Most of the nutritional components of cataract prevention and reversal are related to boosting antioxidant levels. Antioxidants are one of the most important combatants against free radicals, a major cause of cataract formation. A good diet supplemented with antioxidant vitamins and minerals can help prevent oxidation. Eat foods high in antioxidants, including Garlic, Onions, Beans, Celery, Seaweed, Apples, Carrots, Tomatoes, Turnips and Oranges.
In a study reported by the British Medical Journal, consumption of Carotene and Vitamin A was inversely related to the occurrence of cataracts. But only spinach - not carrots - appeared to protect against cataracts. Researchers theorize that a carotenoid other than beta-carotene is what exerts a protective effect.
Low levels of Glutathione is closely associated with senile cataract formation. It is considered the most important antioxidant made by the body and is involved in maintaining good vision. Glutathione is composed of Cysteine, Glutamic Acid and Glutamine. Glutathione levels can be increased by including several nutrients in the diet, such as Alpha-Lipoic Acid, N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC(, Selenium, Vitamin B-2, Vitamin B-6, Vitamin C, and Zinc
Alpha-Lipoic Acid has important benefits for healthy eye health and function. According to research, this antioxidant helps to halt complications resulting from blood sugar imbalances and lens hardening. It can help prevent or stop cataract formation and has the ability to protect the lens from substances that can cause hardening and opaqueing.
A study published by the Journal of Pineal Research showed that Melatonin was very effective in preventing laboratory-induced cataracts in rats. A control group of rats no given melatonin developed cataracts in 89 percent of the cases, whereas only 7 percent of the rats that had received melatonin developed cataracts. It is known that melatonin production slows with age, and most cataract cases develop in people who are 60 or older. Melatonin is known to be a powerful antioxidant, with the ability to permeate every level of the cell. Its effectiveness against cataract formation in humans needs to be further studied.
Drink eight 8-ounce glasses of quality water, preferably filtered, purified or steam-distilled daily. This is 64 ounces or 2 quarts of water daily. It has been recommended that water be taken throughout the day (about every 39 minutes) in 4-ounce glasses to prevent overdilution of the bloodstream and to prevent extra work for the kidneys filtering water that has not had a chance to travel through the lymph system and clean body tissues of wastes. Sufficient water intake is absolutely necessary in cataract prevention. Adequate water intake helps to maintain the flow of nutrients to the lens and to release wastes and toxins from tissues. Avoid fluoridated and chlorinated water. Even water from deeply driven wells may not be safe, since many aquifers (underground water sources), especially those located near or under farmland, are contaminated with toxic residue from farm runoff.
Avoid saturated fats, and any fats or oils that have been subjected to heat, whether by cooking or processing. These foods promote formation of free radicals, which can damage the lens. Use cold-processed vegetable oils only.
Reduce or eliminate refined sugars, particularly white sugar, but also fructose, sucrose, fruit juice concentrates, dextrose, maltose, glucose, and refined carbohydrates. Do not use natural drinks that contain a lot of sugar, including fruit juices. Lactose (milk sugar) found in dairy products, can contribute to cataract formation. It can destroy vitamin C and glutathione in the lens.
Avoid dairy products. Some foods, particularly dairy products, can exacerbate eye problems by causing sinus congestion, which can impair lymph and blood drainage from the area around the eyes. When lymph and blood cannot flow in and out of the eyes, nutrients do not reach the eyes, and toxins and metabolic wastes are not efficiently eliminated. Try avoiding dairy for a month to see whether you become less congested. Then reintroduce dairy products one at a time to identify your specific problem foods.
Unless otherwise specified, the following recommended doses are for adults over the age of 18. For children between the ages of 12 and 17, reduce the dose to 3/4 the recommended amount. For children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old, reduce the dose to 1/2 the recommended amount. For children under 6 years old, use 1/4 the recommended amount.
NUTRIENTS Supplement Suggested Dosage Comments
Copper 3 mg daily. Take separately from calcium. Copper, along with Manganese, are important minerals for proper healing and for retarding the growth of cararacts. Manganese 10 mg daily. Take separately from calcium. Manganese, along with Copper, are important minerals for proper healing and for retarding the growth of cararacts. Grapeseed Extract As directed on label. A powerful antioxidant. L-Glutathione As directed on label. A potent antioxidant that aids in maintaining a healthy lens and protects against toxins. Has been shown to slow the progression of cataracts. L-Lysine As directed on label, on an empty stomach. Take with water or juice. Do not take with milk. Take with 50 mg Vitamin B-6 and 100 mg Vitamin C for better absorption. Important in collagen formation, which is necessary for lens repair. Also neutralizes viruses implicated in lens damage. Caution: Do not take Lysine for longer than 6 months at a time. Pantothenic Acid
500 mg daily. An anti-stress vitamint. Selenium 400 mcg daily. Do not exceed a total daily intake of 800 mcg daily from all sources, including diet. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 40 mcg daily. An important free radical destroyer that works synergistically with Vitamin E. Caution: Do not take supplemental selenium if you are pregnant or have heart, kidney, or liver disease. Vitamin A 25,000 to 50,000 IU daily. If you are pregnant, do not exceed 10,000 IU daily. Vital for normal visual function. Beta Carotene
As directed on label. Precursors of Vitamin A. Vital for normal visual function. Needed for all eye disorders. Vitamin B-Complex As directed on label. B vitamins work best when taken together. Vitamin B-1
50 mg daily. Important for intracellular eye metabolism. Vitamin B-2
50 mg daily. Deficiency has been linked to cataracts. Vitamin C
3,000 mg 4 times daily. A necessary free radical destroyer that also lowers intraocular pressure. Vitamin E 200 to 400 IU daily. An important free radical destroyer. Has been shown to arrest and reverse cataract formation in some cases. Use d-alpha-tocopherol form, if available.. Zinc 50 mg daily. Do not exceed a total of 100 mg daily from all supplements. Protects against light-induced damage. Use zinc gluconate lozenges or OptiZinc for best absorption.
NOTIFY YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IF
You or a family member are having problems with vision and/or you suspect an infection. Call your health care provider immediately if you experience severe eye pain or a sudden change in your vision, such as loss of vision or double vision.
You have any increase of symptoms. You may need frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription. If you have blurred or double vision that develops slowly; are having a problem seeing because of daytime glare or have difficulty driving at night because of glare from headlights, you need to see your health care provider.
You have any unexpected or unusual symptoms. There may be underlying health issues that need to be addressed.
Are having vision problems that are affecting your ability to perform daily activities.
Call your child's health care provider if your baby does not look directly at or respond readily to faces or large, colorful objects by age 2 to 3 months or if your child scowls, squints, or shields his or her eyes more than expected when in sunlight, or light seems to hurt your child's eyes.
You and your family members should have your eyesight checked regularly by your health care provider to rule out any problems and to receive a prescription for contacts or eyeglasses, if they are needed. Preserve you vision... it is very important.
EYE CARE SUPPLEMENTS & PRODUCTS
Information, supplements and products for cataracts, a clouding of the eye's normally clear lens that can lead to vision problems.
EYE CARE & VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
Alive Multi-Nutrient Products Alpha Carotene Supplement Products Antioxidant Complex Products Beta Carotene Products Bilberry Herbal Poducts Carotene Complex Products Carrot Herbal Products Cod LIver Oil Supplement Products EFA Supplement Products Eyebright Herbal Products Eye Care Products Fish & Salmon Oil Supplement Products Ginkgo Biloba Herbal Products Hyaluronic Acid Supplement Products
Lutein Supplement Products Lycopene Supplement Products Magnesium Supplement Products Multi-Enzymes Supplement Products Multi-Mineral Supplement Products Multi-Vitamin Supplement Products Neuromins Supplement Products Prenatal Multi-Nutrient Products Selenium Supplement Products Taurine Supplement Products Vitamin A Supplement Products Vitamin B-12 Supplement Products Zeaxanthin Supplement Products Zinc Supplement Products
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
FTC Advertising & Affilate Disclosure: This website has an affiliate relationship with certain merchants selling products and we recieve commissions from those sales to help support this website. Any products listed here are not listed by any rating system. We do not rate any product or post any feedback about products listed here. We leave this to the individual merchants to provide. We do not provide product prices or shopping carts since you do not order these products directly from us, but from the merchant providing the products. We only provide the link to that merchant webpage with all related product information and pricing. The products are listed here by merchant, product use, quantity size or volume, and for nutritional supplements - dosage per unit. All product descriptions are provided by the merchant or manufacturer and are not our descriptive review of the product. We do not endorse any specific product or attest to its effectiveness to treat any health condition or support nutritional requirements for any individual.
EYE CARE SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Vision Enhancement Phyto Capsules, Gaia Herbs, 2685 mg, 60 Caps
Our eyes rely on antioxidants to protect against the oxidative damage that occurs daily. Vision Enhancement promotes healthy vision while supporting normal eye function. With naturally occurring antioxidants such as Anthocyanins from Bilberry, Proanthocyanidins from Grape Seed, and Carotenoids like Lutein and Astaxathin, Vision Enhancement is a protective shield for the eyes. Contains: Bilberry Berry (Vaccinium myrtillus), Vitamin C, Grape Seed (Vitis vinifera), Lutein, Astaxanthan, Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable cellulose (capsule). Each capsule contains the equivalent of 2685 mg. crude herb. 60 capsules per bottle.
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Flents Plastic Eyewash Cup
HerbsPro: OcuSense Eye Health With Lutein, Natrol, 50 Caps
Natrol OcuSense provides a comprehensive blend of the most clinically studied ingredients for eye health. There has never been such a complete and advanced eye-health formula! Keep your future in focus with OcuSense. Eyes are susceptible to the effects of light radiation, accumulated sun exposure, and diet deficiencies. There is also the ever-present threat from free radicals - molecules which constantly bombard healthy cells. Take steps now to help maintain healthy vision during the aging process. OcuSense contains a highly concentrated form of lutein which filters harmful light and acts as an antioxidant, shielding cells from free-radical damage. Most people do not eat the necessary amount of lutein-containing vegetables such as spinach and kale. Clinical research indicates a diet high in lutein may protect against vision loss. This formula includes lutein as well as carrot extract and six recommended vitamins and minerals.
HerbsPro: Bilberry, Ginkgo, Eyebright Complex Plus Lutein, Solgar, 60 VCaps
This proprietary, antioxidant-rich formula supplies important vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, the vital carotenoid Lutein, and herbal extracts to help improve circulation and decrease free radical damage to bodily tissue, including the eyes and skin.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral Supplements With Lutein, Bausch & Lomb, 50 Softgels
HerbsPro: Ginkgold Eyes, For Visual Function, Natures Way, 60 Tabs
For visual function. Strengthens capillaries supports healthy connective tissue and microcirculation. Supports the retina and its adaptation to light and dark conditions. Provides lutein and zeaxanthin, two protective carotenoids essential to the macula.
HerbsPro: Raw Eye Glandlar, 100% Pure Bovine Eye Tissue, Ultra Glandulars, 200 mg, 60 Tabs
The eye is nearly a perfect sphere and occupies the anterior part of the frontal cavity of the skull. It is made of three concentric layers: the cornea, iris and the retina. It is one of the most adaptable organs and it's distinctness varies with individuals. It is the organ of sight.
HerbsPro: Eye Care, Canfo Natural Products, 900 mg, 60 Tabs
Eye strain is a serious problem, more than many realize. The liver is believed to nourish and moisten the eyes. When the liver is deficient in nutrients, common problems include blurry vision, myopia, floaters in the eyes, color blindness, or dry eyes. When there is heat in the liver, eyes are likely to be bloodshot, often with a painful or burning sensation. EyeCare focuses on the liver, providing it the nutrients it needs for overall liver health and wellness. Vegan, non-GMO project verified, and gluten free. Supports overall eye health and function. Designed for the heavy computer user, 100% natural herbal supplement.
HerbsPro: Eye Sentials, FoodScience of Vermont, 90 Caps
Eye-Sentials is an advanced nutritional supplement designed to maintain ocular health that may decline as a result of dietary deficiencies, aging, toxins, free radical exposure, stress, and sunlight. The formula includes the antioxidants Alpha Lipoic Acid and Beta Carotene; Bilberry Extract, which contains bioflavonoids that support healthy histamine levels and helps remove materials from the retina; Eyebright, an herb that is used extensively for dry, irritated eyes, and eye strain; L-Glutathione and Lutein to help protect the lens from UV rays; Taurine, essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the retina; Quercetin and Rutin, antioxidants to support capillary strength; and Lycopene, a phytonutrient from tomatoes with antioxidant properties.
HerbsPro: Preservision Eye Vitamin & Mineral With Lutein Supplements, Bausch & Lomb, 120 Softgels
HerbsPro: Clear Eye Herb Tea, Health King, 20 Tea Bags
Clear Eye Herb Tea is made of wild Dendrobium (dendrobii caulis), Solomon Seal (polygonati rhizoma) and Abalone Shell (haliotidis concha), Green Tea and Jasmine Flower. They provide dendroxine, dendramine, amino acids, calcium carbonate, etc. Traditional Chinese medicine uses them to nurture the eye and pacify the nervous system, protect retina, and improve eyesight.
HerbsPro: Similasan Irritated Eye Relief Drops, Similasan, 0.33 oz.
Similasan's unique Active Response Formula homeopathic medicine stimulates the eye's natural ability to relieve the redness, watery discharge, & burning associated with viral and environmental conjunctivitis. The active ingredients in Similasan Eye Drops work effectively with no known side effects and no known drug interactions.
HerbsPro: Eye Stress Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Eye Stress Indications for Use: For fast relief of tense, tired, irritated, red, itchy and burning eyes due to eye strain, stress and overuse; intolerance to artificial light as from computers. For eyes that easily fatigue.
HerbsPro: Allergy & Red Eye Relief Homeopathic, King Bio Natural Medicines, 2 fl. oz.
Allergy & Red Eye Relief Indications for Use: For relief of allergy & red eye - dry, red, itchy, burning, swollen, inflamed, mucoid, watery, conjuntiva, sensitive eyes associated with allergies, hay fever, irritations, overuse.
HerbsPro: Platinum Eye Care Liquid, Natures Answer, 8 fl. oz.
Natural Strawberry Flavor. Synergistically combines vitamins, well known for their antioxidant support, along with minerals, protective phytonutrients, & carotenoids.
HerbsPro: Apricot Eye Care, Better Botanicals, 0.5 oz.
Tighten, brighten and strengthen delicate under-eye skin with this antioxidant power pack. Rejuvenate skin and even skin tone with Ayurvedic herbs rich in Vitamins A, C, B complex, organic protein and calcium. Fine lines will seem to melt away under this tender touch.
HerbsPro: Age Defying Eye Creme With Astazanthin & Pycnogenol, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Astazanthin & Pycnogenol Age-Defying Eye Crème is an intensive age-defying eye creme that soothes and moisturizes for velvety-smooth skin. Helps fight damage and improve the skin health to diminish the appearance of wrinkles for smoother, firmer, younger-looking eyes. Astazanthin and Pycnogenol are two of the most powerful antioxidants that counteract the signs of aging.
HerbsPro: Pycnogenol Eye Gel With Green Tea Extract, Derma-E, 0.5 oz.
Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel combines the best of science and nature to offer you continuing benefits for the most vulnerable area of the skin's surface-the tissues surrounding your eyes. Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea are two powerful antioxidants that will penetrate your skin and fight the signs of aging by gently repairing and restoring damaged tissues, while an added ingredient, Witch Hazel, blends in to tighten up the eye area and promote smoothness. Your eyes will not only feel smooth and firm, they will look younger too. In many cases, Derma E Pycnogenol & Green Tea Extract Eye Gel will even help to reduce under eye puffiness caused by water retention. No animal testing.
HerbsPro: Revitalizing Eye Gel Organic Lavender, Avalon Organics, 1 oz.
Product description: for firmer, revitialized and radiant eyes. Brightens, hydrates and soothes delicate eye area with our Peptide Complex and Hyaluronic Acid to reduce the appearance of lines, puffiness and dark circles.
HerbsPro: Hawaiian Green Tea Eye Gel, Alba Botanica, 1 oz.
Alba's collection of natural Hawaiian beauty secrets made with tropical fruit and flower extracts, nourishing nut oils and certified organic aloe vera, revered for their curative and rejuvenating properties, are blended together to create exotic skin care products for soft, healthy, luminous skin. Skin friendly. Maui approved. Alba Hawaiian Skin Care products are made with only hypo-allergenic ingredients within the vegetarian ethic, and no animal testing. Certified organic aloe vera and green tea antioxidants soothe, smooth and protect delicate eye area. 100% Vegetarian Ingredients. No Animal Testing. PH Balanced.
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Regular, Nexcare, 20 Units
Highly breathable backing - 10 times better than Coverlet brand. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent non-stick pad. Ideal for treating Strabismus (lazy eye) and for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive. Regular size patches measure 3.189 inches x 2.185 inches oval (81 mm x 55.5 mm).
HerbsPro: Opticlude Orthoptic Eye Patch, Junior, Nexcare, 20 Units
Doctor recommended. Gentle to skin. Sticks well, yet removes easily. Highly breathable backing. Comfortable to wear. Absorbent nonstick pad. Ideal for treating strabismus (lazy eye) or for use on tender skin. Extra gentle, hypoallergenic adhesive.
HerbsPro: Collagen Fibre Eye Pads With Myoxinol, Instant Firming, Reviva, 1 Kit
100% native collagen; amazing salon treatment for under-eye wrinkles, pouches, dark circles. Cut into strips for more economical usage.
Amazon: Eye & Vision Care Supplement Products
Nutrition Basics: Eye Care Supplement Information
TYPES OF EYE PROBLEMS & DISORDERS
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.