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MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Information
Aromatherapy Oils
EVENING PRIMROSE OIL

(Oenothera Biennis)


"For Informational Use Only"
For more detailed information contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.





  • Evening Primrose Herbal & Oil Description
  • Evening Primrose Uses, Health Benefits & Scientific Evidence
  • Evening Primrose Dosage Information
  • Evening Primrose Safety, Cautions & Interactions
  • Evening Primrose Essential Oils amp; Related Products




  • evening primrose flower


    EVENING PRIMROSE HERBAL & OIL DESCRIPTION

    Evening Primrose is also known as Oenothera biennis, Oenothera, Common Evening Primrose, Evening Star, Sun Drop, King's Cureall, Weedy Evening Primrose, German Rampion, Hog weed, Fever Plant, and Evening Primrose Wildflower.

    Evening primrose is a stunning yellow flower originating from North America and native to eastern and central North America from Newfoundland west to Alberta, southeast to Florida, and southwest to Texas, and widely naturalized elsewhere in temperate and subtropical regions.

    Evening Primrose has a life span of two years (biennial) growing to from about 12 to 59 inches tall. The leaves are lanceolate, 2 to 7.9 inches long and about 0.39 to about 1 inch broad. They are produced in a tight rosette the first year, and spirally on a stem the second year. Blooming last from late spring to late summer.

    The flowers are hermaphrodite, produced on a tall spike and only last until the following noon. They open visibly fast every evening producing an interesting spectacle. This beautiful flower typically only blooms during the evening, thus giving it its common names of Evening Primrose and Evening Star. The blooms are yellow, about an inch to 2 inches in diameter, with four bilobed petals. The flower structure has an invisible to the naked eye bright nectar guide pattern. This pattern is apparent under ultraviolet light and visible to its pollinators, moths, butterflies, and bees.

    The fruit is a capsule about 2 to 4 cm long and 4 to 6 mm broad, containing numerous 1 to 2 mm long seeds, released when the capsule splits into four sections at maturity. The seeds of the plant are important food for birds and for humans. The beneficial health secrets of this native flower are hidden away inside the tiny seeds found within. Evening primrose oil is made from the seeds.

    Young roots can be eaten like a vegetable (with a peppery flavor), or the shoots can be eaten as a salad. The leaves are edible and traditionally were used as a leaf vegetable.

    Poultices containing Evening Primrose were at one time used to ease bruises and speed wound healing. One of the common names for Oenothera, "King's cureall", reflects the wide range of healing powers ascribed to this plant, although it should be noted that its efficacy for these purposes has not been demonstrated in clinical trials.

    Evening Primrose Oil is good as a natural source of the essential fatty acid, Gamma Linolenic Acid, which is needed by the body. Essential fatty acids are critical in the production of prostaglandins. The mature seeds contain approximately 7 to 10 percent gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid. The oil also contains around 70 percent linoleic acid. Gamma Linolenic Acid must be obtained from the diet. Essential fatty acids are critical in the production of prostaglandins. In the body prostaglandins help regulate fat metabolism, inflammatory response, hormones, as well as the cardiovascular, immune and central nervous systems. Modern diets and lifestyles may block the conversion of the essential fatty acid LA into GLA.




    evening primrose oil capsules


    EVENING PRIMROSE USES, HEALTH BENEFITS & SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

    MEDICINAL USES

    Evening Primrose Oil is especially helpful in treating premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual cycle irregularities, menopause, and endometriosis. It is used to promote smooth skin and to treat actopic eczema. It is also used in the treatment of arthritis, particularly rheumatoid arthritis, and to improve proper joint function. It is also useful in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy, Mastalgia (breast pain), prostatic hypertrophy, gastrointestinal disorders, viral infections, Alzheimer's, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension.

    EVENING PRIMROSE OIL USES

    Evening primrose oil (EPO) is a welcome addition to the already long list of natural substances containing beneficial health and skin care properties. Evening Primrose Oil is a vital source of gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid required by the body for growth and development. A rich source of healthy omega-6 fatty acids which is essential for healthy skin. It is needed to build the structure of cell membranes and to regulate a wide range of enzymatic reactions. Evening Primrose Oil is generally added 3 to 10 percent in formulations.

    EPO is taken for a host of ailments, including eczema, the pains of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual cycle irregularities, endometriosis, symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, breast pain (mastalgia) including breast pain related to the menstrual cycle, and other conditions. There are indications EPO may help with some of these, while for others there is little to no evidence. Evening primrose oil is used for skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, and acne. EPO can treat certain conditions, according to the National Institute of Health (NIH). EPO taken orally can reduce the symptoms of eczema. It is used to promote smooth skin and to treat actopic eczema. Evening Primrose Oil restores moisture and smoothness to the skin, absorbing quickly when applied topically. EPO regenerates the skin and has an anti-inflammatory effect. It has been used for an itching disorder called neurodermatitis. Because of its anti-aging properties it is a recommended ingredient in moisturizing and anti-wrinkle creams. It is also great in nail and sun care applications.

    It is also used in the treatment of arthritis, particularly rheumatoid arthritis, and to improve proper joint function. It is also useful in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage related to diabetes), prostatic hypertrophy, gastrointestinal disorders, viral infections, Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular (heart) disease, high cholesterol, and hypertension. Gamma-linolenic acid also shows promise against breast cancer. EPO has been used for weak bones (osteoporosis), Raynaudís syndrome, multiple sclerosis (MS), Sjogrenís syndrome (an autoimmune disorder in which certain body cells attack and destroy the glands that produce tears and saliva), a movement disorder in children called dyspraxia, leg pain due to blocked blood vessels (intermittent claudication), alcoholism, and schizophrenia.

    Some people use evening primrose oil for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). There is some early evidence that a specific combination of evening primrose oil and fish oils (Efamarine) might reduce the symptoms of CFS. Asthma, hyperactivity in children and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); obesity and weight loss; whooping cough; and gastrointestinal disorders including ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and peptic ulcer disease. Women use evening primrose oil in pregnancy for preventing high blood pressure (pre-eclampsia), shortening labor, starting labor, and preventing late deliveries.

    In foods, evening primrose oil is used as a dietary source of essential fatty acids. In manufacturing, evening primrose oil is used in soaps and cosmetics.
    • Eczema: Evening primrose oil may help relieve the itching, crusting, redness and swelling associated with atopic eczema according to a meta-analysis published in 2006. Fatty acids are thought to play a role in these beneficial effects. Evening primrose is sometimes used to treat eczema. Natural Standard has given evening primrose oil a "B" score for the treatment of eczema; meaning there is good scientific evidence supporting its use. The symptoms of eczema can be exacerbated due to scratching and drying out the skin. Evening primrose oil contains linoleic acid, which is the primary oil found in the stratum corneum. Supplementation with EPO may help rehydrate skin that has been scratched due to eczema. Furthermore, gamma-linoleic acid is metabolized into anti-inflammatory compounds, which may contribute to its ability to provide symptomatic relief in eczema. Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of EPO used 4 capsules of standardized extract (approximately 1600 mg of evening primrose oil TOTAL) dosed by mouth twice daily for up to 12 weeks.

    • Hypertension, Clotting & Seizures: Evening Primrose Oil has been shown to slightly reduce blood pressure, can increase clotting time (use with caution if you take warfarin or aspirin), and should not be used by epileptics as it lowers the seizure threshold. Safety has not been evaluated in pregnant or nursing women.

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition that causes pain and swelling of the joints. A report published in 2001 suggests that EPO may have indirect anti-inflammatory actions and may help manage this autoimmune disease.

    • Breast Cysts: Breast cyst formation is an unpleasant and sometimes painful occurence in some women. It can however be remedied through proper diagnosis. The cyst may arise due to a variety of reasons, and one of them called fibrocystic breast disease has been identified as the most common cause of breast cysts. The physical manifestation of this illness are the formation of fluid filled masses that are encysted in lumps that can be felt through the skin, Breast cysts can affect one or both of the breasts with telltale lumps that are recurrent and can cause pain. Changes in hormonal levels and subsequent hormonal fluctuations within the body which usually occur one to two weeks before menstruation can cause glands present in the breast to fill with fluid and increase or decrease in size according to the hormonal level. These chemical changes lead to the formation of a breast cyst. The breast can become uncomfortably swollen and inflamed and this results in varying degrees of pain. Another probable cause of breast cyst formation and one of the contributing factors is a deficiency in one of an essential fatty acid, gamma linolenic acid or GLA, which is used as a raw material in the formation of a hormone-like substance known as prostaglandin in the body. Prostaglandin is thought to play a role in the onset of breast disease. A dietary supplement rich in GLA as found in EPO is beneficial and often very helpful in the therapeutic process.

    • Breast Cancer: Preliminary research suggests GLA may help destroy tumors without inducing damage to normal cells or causing harmful side effects. In a small study published in 2000, researchers found that participants who took GLA supplements in addition to the breast cancer drug tamoxifen responded more quickly to breast cancer treatment than those who took tamoxifen alone.

    • Hair Loss: This particular oil helps in the fight against hair loss in which many men and women are struggling with on a daily basis. One of the main contributing factors responsible for hair loss is poor circulation and inflammation. High levels of omega-6 can cause inflammation and therefore omega-3 fatty acids are required to reduce inflammation, evening primrose oil contains high levels of omega-3s to help maintain that balance. These essential fatty acids are also responsible for restoring and maintaining moisture of the scalp and hair promoting healthy hair growth. Keeping the hair hydrated is another beneficial function of evening primrose oil, this function is important in order to prevent dry and brittle hair therefore avoiding potential breakage and hair loss. Evening primrose oil improves blood circulation of the scalp, which in turn increases flow to the hair follicles. This increased blood flow also provides increased nutrition to the skins cell resulting in lively well-nourished hair. Evening primrose oil can either be applied topically in the form of a scalp massage or conditioning treatment to nourish hair follicles or taken orally as a capsule supplement, either way you will receive the same beneficial results this natural oil has to offer. The recommended oral dosage for evening primrose oil is 1000 mg taken 3 times daily in order to stimulate growth. This supplement is very affordable and is one of the most inexpensive natural treatments for hair loss. Unfortunately it is not a quick fix solution - in order for it to be effective it must be used on a regular basis. In most cases you may not even experience noticeable results until at least 2 months of use. Patience and consistency is key to success.



    HAIR CONDITIONING TREATMENT

    Try out this conditioning treatment to get the ball rolling on your hair re-growth journey.
    Mix oils and use topically as a scalp massage and reconditioning formula.

  • Evening Primrose Oil Products
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  • evening primrose oil beaker


    EVENING PRIMROSE DOSAGE INFORMATION

    There are many formulations containing Evening Primrose and many products that contain Evening Primrose. It is important to read product label directions before use.

    Evening primrose oil is extracted from the seeds of the evening primrose. The oil is usually put into capsules for use. For breast pain, 3 to 4 grams daily is the recommended dosage. Evening primrose oil has been administered orally in clinical trials at doses between 6 and 8 grams per day in adults and 2 and 4 grams per day in children. Wide-ranging doses of 0.27 grams (270 mg) to 6.48 grams (6,480 mg) GLA per day have been used in clinical studies in mastalgia. The typical content of GLA in the oil is 8 to 10 percent.

    Take this product by mouth as directed. Follow all directions on the product package. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your health care provider or pharmacist. If your condition persists or worsens, or if you think you may have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.


    EVENING PRIMROSE OIL PROFILE


  • Botanical Name: Oenothera Biennis
  • Origin: China
  • Extraction: Cold Pressed / Partially Refined - Organic
  • Shelf Life: 1 Year Recommended
  • Kosher Certified: Yes


  • Notes: This particular oil should be kept refrigerated to help prolong shelf life. No additives, preservatives, antioxidants, or other foreign agents have been used or included in the manufacturing of this oil. A true cold pressed oil from certified organically grown Evening Primrose seeds. Suitable for food and cosmetic use, however bloating or abdominal upset may occur from the excessive use of Evening Primrose Seed Oil internally.

    SPECIFICATIONS
      Color- Yellow
      Odor- Characteristic
      Acid Value- 0.59
      Heavy Metals- Less than 0.20 ppm
      Pesticide Residue- Tested Negative
      Peroxide Value- 0.71
      Non-Saponifiables- 1.4%
      Saponification Value- 191.2
      pH- 4.51

    FATTY ACIDS
      Gamma Linolenic- 9.1%
      Linoleic- 72.6%
      Oleic- 8.4%
      Palmitic- 6.2%
      Stearic- 2.2%

    INTRODUCTION

    Evening Primrose Seed Oil is pressed the seeds of the Evening Primrose plant, Oenothera biennis . The yellow flowers only open in the evening, hence their common name. Evening Primrose is a common wildflower found in North America, Europe, and parts of Asia . This plant was used by Native Americans and early settlers as a nutritional support and to treat against conditions such as sore throats, stomachaches, hemorrhoids, and bruises. Evening Primrose has also been used medicinally in Europe since the seventeenth century. Over the last 20 years, this oil has once again become popular for its medicinal properties, and is now a common dietary supplement.

    MEDICINAL USE

    With the popularity of anti-fat diets and trends, many people are under the incorrect impression that all fats are bad, and that they should be avoided. However, this is a falsehood, and the truth is that some fats are necessary and vital for our health. Essential Fatty Acids support our physiological functions, and are essential for the health of our organs and overall health. Essential Fatty Acids cannot be produced by our own bodies, and instead must be obtained from dietary sources. Evening Primrose Seed Oil is a rich source of gamma linoleic acid, an Omega 6 fatty acid that is needed for our cardiovascular, immune, nervous, and reproductive systems, and to maintain healthy cells and body functions. In addition, Evening Primrose Seed Oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects and may also act as a blood thinner and blood vessel dilator. Specifically, Evening Primrose Seed Oil has been shown to be effective for the following conditions:
    • Premenstrual symptoms: menstrual cramps and breast tenderness.
    • Acne.
    • Eczema.
    • Rosacea.
    • Nourishes the scalp, hair, and nails.
    • Signs of aging.
    • Diabetes associated nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy).
    • Altheimer's related memory deficiencies.
    • Damage from Multiple Sclerosis.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Inflammation from Lupus.
    • Numbness or tingling in hands, feet, or legs.
    • Alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
    • Impotence and female infertility.
    • Raynaud's disease symptoms.
    • High cholesterol levels.
    • Fibrocystic breast disease.
    • Osteoporosis, when used in combination with calcium and fish oils.
    • Skin ulcers.
    • Attention Deficit Disorder.
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
    • Weight loss.
    • High blood pressure (hypertension).

    Because of its many health benefits, Evening Primrose Seed Oil is truly a wonderful supplement. It may be taken alone, or can be drizzled on top of salads or other prepared meals. For cosmetic use, simply add it once that the product no longer needs to be heated. Evening Primrose Seed Oil should not be heated.


    The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs, Aromatherapy Essential Oils regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.




    EVENING PRIMROSE SAFETY, CAUTIONS & INTERACTIONS INFORMATION

    SAFETY CONCERNS

    Evening primrose oil may interfere with certain medications. It is best to consult with your health care provider before use. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known. Evening primrose oil is well tolerated by most people. Mild side effects include gastrointestinal upset and headache. Some other side effects of using evening primrose oil are itching, sore throat and severe or extreme gassiness, upset stomach, nausea, or soft stools. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your health care provider promptly. A very serious allergic reaction to this product is rare, however, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, or trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your health care provider.

    PRECAUTIONS: Before taking evening primrose oil, tell your health care provider if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies.This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. If you have any of the following health problems, consult your health care provider before using this product: bleeding or clotting problems. Liquid products may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, alcohol dependence, or liver disease. This product is not recommended for use during pregnancy. This product passes into breast milk, but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS: Before using this product, tell your health care provider all prescription and non-prescription / herbal products you may use, especially of: medications / herbal products that may increase your risk of bleeding (e.g., "blood thinners" such as warfarin and heparin, anti-platelet drugs such as clopidogrel, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, herbals such as danshen / garlic / ginger). Aspirin may also increase the risk of bleeding when used with this product. If your health care provider has directed you to take low-dose aspirin for heart attack or stroke prevention (usually at dosages of 81-325 mg a day), you should continue taking it unless your health care provider instructs you otherwise.

    Evening primrose oil contains GLA (gamma-linolenic acid), which might slow blood clotting. Taking evening primrose oil along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. There is a concern that evening primrose oil might increase the chance of bruising and bleeding. Do not use it if you have a bleeding disorder. Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) - Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others. EPO might increase the chance of bleeding during or after surgery and might intereact with medications used during surgery. Stop using EPO at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

    Using evening primrose oil along with herbs that can slow blood clotting could increase the risk of bleeding in some people. These herbs include angelica, clove, danshen, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, red clover, turmeric, and others.

    This product may interfere with certain laboratory tests (bleeding time, cholesterol levels), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your health care providers know you use this product. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your health care provider first. This document does not contain all possible interactions. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your health care provider.

    If you have epilepsy or another seizer disorder, there is a concern that taking evening primrose oil might make seizures more likely in some people. If you have a history of seizure, avoid using it. Seizures have been reported in people with schizophrenia treated with phenothiazine drugs, GLA (a chemical found in evening primrose oil), and vitamin E. Get your health care provider's opinion before starting evening primrose oil. Taking evening primrose oil with phenothiazines might increase the risk of having a seizure in some people. Some phenothiazines include chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), trifluoperazine (Stelazine), thioridazine (Mellaril), and others.

    There are no known interactions with foods.

    OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.




    EVENING PRIMROSE HERBAL & RELATED PRODUCTS

  • Evening Primrose Herbal Products

  • Evening Primrose Oil Products


  • QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS


    FTC Advertising & Affilate Disclosure: This website has an affiliate relationship with certain merchants selling products and we recieve commissions from those sales to help support this website. Any products listed here are not listed by any rating system. We do not rate any product or post any feedback about products listed here. We leave this to the individual merchants to provide. We do not provide product prices or shopping carts since you do not order these products directly from us, but from the merchant providing the products. We only provide the link to that merchant webpage with all related product information and pricing. The products are listed here by merchant, product use, quantity size or volume, and for nutritional supplements - dosage per unit. All product descriptions are provided by the merchant or manufacturer and are not our descriptive review of the product. We do not endorse any specific product or attest to its effectiveness to treat any health condition or support nutritional requirements for any individual.


    EVENING PRIMROSE HERBAL PRODUCTS

    Evening Primrose is a North American native that grows in dry meadows from Canada to Texas and east of the Rockies to the Atlantic. It was brought to Europe in the seventeenth century, where it continues to be used in herbal medicine. The entire plant is edible, and it was once a popular food for North American Indians who also used it as a painkiller and as an asthma treatment. The oil derived from the seeds contains rare gamma linolenic acid, mucilage, tannin, lignin, amino acids, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, essential fatty acids, B-vitamins and vitamin E.

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Oil, Certified Organic, Bulk Carrier & Vegetable Oils
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Oil, Certified Organic, Herbal Oils
    Method of extraction: Cold pressed and partially refined. Made from fresh cold pressed Evening Primrose seeds (Oenothera biennis). No other carriers or oils are included, just 100% pure Evening Primrose seed oil. A prized oil for its abundant food, health, cosmetic and medicinal benefits.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Seeds, Certified Organic, Medicinal Herb Seeds, 200 Seeds Per Packet
    Self-seeding biennial. Scatter seed on surface of disturbed soil in fall or early spring, or start on surface of flat and transplant. Seed requires exposure to light in order to germinate. Drought tolerant. Some women report alleviation of PMS by eating the plant and the seeds. The flowers especially make a tasty addition to salads. 200 seeds per packet.


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 50 kg (110 lbs): EB


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Evening Primrose Herbal & Oil Health & Personal Care Products
    Amazon: Evening Primrose Liquid Extract, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Evening Primrose Leaf/Stem/Flower Extract (Oenothera Biennis), Alcohol Free, Cedar Bear Naturals, 1 fl. oz.
    Amazon: Evening Primrose (Oenothera Biennis) Liquid Extract, Stakich, 4 fl. oz.




  • Nutrition Basics: EFA (Essential Fatty Acids) Supplement Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Evening Primrose Herbal Information
  • Aromatherapy: Evening Primrose Oil Information



  • EVENING PRIMROSE HERBAL OIL PRODUCTS

    MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS

    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Oil, Certified Organic, Bulk Carrier & Vegetable Oils
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Oil, Certified Organic, Herbal Oils
    Method of extraction: Cold pressed and partially refined. Made from fresh cold pressed Evening Primrose seeds (Oenothera biennis). No other carriers or oils are included, just 100% pure Evening Primrose seed oil. A prized oil for its abundant food, health, cosmetic and medicinal benefits.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Evening Primrose Seeds, Certified Organic, Medicinal Herb Seeds, 200 Seeds Per Packet
    Self-seeding biennial. Scatter seed on surface of disturbed soil in fall or early spring, or start on surface of flat and transplant. Seed requires exposure to light in order to germinate. Drought tolerant. Some women report alleviation of PMS by eating the plant and the seeds. The flowers especially make a tasty addition to salads. 200 seeds per packet.


    STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS

    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil (9% GLA), 500 mg, 100 Softgels
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil (9% GLA), 500 mg, 500 Softgels
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, 4 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, Organic, 4 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, 16 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, Organic, 16 fl. oz.
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, 1 gallon.
    Starwest Botanicals: Evening Primrose Oil, Organic, 1 gallon


    HERBSPRO PRODUCTS

    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Woodland Publishing, 30 Page Booklet (90511)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Organic, Natures Answer, 1 fl. oz. (17172)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Liquid Gold, Hexane-Free, Health From The Sun Arkopharma, 2 fl. oz. (15388)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Liquid Gold, Hexane-Free, Health From The Sun Arkopharma, 4 fl. oz. (15387)
    HerbsPro: Platinum Evening Primrose Oil, Natures Answer, 4 fl. oz. (66342)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Now Foods, 4 fl. oz. (68170)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Jarrow Formulas, 60 Softgels (1289)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Vegetarian, Health From The Sun, 90 Softgels (79655)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Natures Answer, 90 Softgels (35247)
    HerbsPro: Vegan Evening Primrose Oil, Deva Vegan Vitamins, 90 VCaps (75869)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Oregon's Wild Harvest, 100 Softgels (83550)
    Herbs Pro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 30 Softgels (6836)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Thompson Nutritional Products, 500 mg, 30 Softgels (35590)
    Herbs Pro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 60 Softgels (6837)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Solgar, 500 mg, 60 Softgels (36397)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Country Life, 500 mg, 60 Softgels (37171)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Solgar, 500 mg, 90 Softgels (36398)
    Herbs Pro: Evening Primrose Oil, Olympian Labs, 500 mg, 90 Softgels (74328)
    Herbs Pro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 90 Softgels (6838)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Bluebonnet Nutrition, 500 mg, 100 Softgels (100783)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Spectrum Essentials, 500 mg, 100 Caps (29800)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose, Now Foods, 500 mg, 100 Softgels (68167)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Nutricology, 500 mg, 120 Softgels (18274)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Natural Factors, 500 mg, 180 Softgels (84329)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Health From The Sun, 500 mg, 180 Softgels (61556)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Solgar, 500 mg, 180 Softgels (36395)
    Herbs Pro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 500 mg, 180 Softgels (6839)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, American Health, 500 mg, 200 Plus 200 Softgels (13663)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose, Now Foods, 500 mg, 250 Softgels (68168)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Natural Factors, 1000 mg/100 mg, 90 Softgels (84330)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Natural Factors, 1000 mg, 180 Softgels (84331)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Natural Factors, 1000 mg, 240 Softgels (84489)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Solgar, 1300 mg, 30 Softgels (36393)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Bluebonnet Nutritionals, 1300 mg, 30 Softgels (100785)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Seed Oil, Natures Life, 1300 mg, 50 Softgels (90475)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Organic, Health From The Sun Arkopharma, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (69636)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil Deluxe, Health From The Sun Arkopharma, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (15381)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Olympian Labs, 1.3 g (1300 mg), 60 Softgels (74327)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Cold Pressed, Natures Way, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (17857)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Solgar, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (36394)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Bluebonnet Nutritionals, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (100786)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Super Potency, American Health, 1300 mg, 60 Plus 60 Softgels (34618)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Spectrum Essentials, Organic, 1300 mg, 90 Caps (64189)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose, Bluebonnet Nutritionals, 1300 mg, 90 Softgels (100792)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Seed Oil, Natures Life, 1300 mg, 100 Softgels (90478)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil High Potency Gold, Cold Pressed, Natures Way, 1300 mg, 120 Softgels (17858)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Super Potency, American Health, 1300 mg, 120 Plus 120 Softgels (34616)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 1350 mg, 30 Softgels (6833)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 1350 mg, 60 Softgels (6834)
    HerbsPro: Evening Primrose Oil, Source Naturals, 1350 mg, 120 Softgels (6835)


    KALYX PRODUCTS

    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Thompson, 500 mg, 30 Softgels: K
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Deva Vegan, 500 mg, 90 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose, 9% GLA, Starwest Botanicals, 500 mg, 100 Softgels: C
    Kalyx: EPO Evening Primrose Oil, Nutricology, 500 mg, 120 Softgels: N
    This renowned oil, prepared from the seeds of the Evening Primrose plant is the closest to the actual formulation used in the original research studies done on GLA. Some individuals therefore prefer to obtain their GLA from this source. GLA is an omega-6 fatty acid the body may use in hormone production, fat metabolism, and insulin regulation. These plants are wild-crafted in Asia and the oil is cold-pressed and hexane free. Standardized to 9% GLA.
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose, 9% GLA, Starwest Botanicals, 500 mg, 500 Softgels: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Nature's Answer, 1000 mg, 90 Softgels: HF
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Health From The Sun, 1000 mg, 90 Vegetarian Liquid Softgels: K
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Health From the Sun, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels: HF
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Liquid Oil, Nature's Answer, 4 fl oz: HF
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals 4 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Starwest Botanicals, 16 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 16 fl oz: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Starwest Botanicals, 1 Gallon: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Cert. Organic Starwest Botanicals, 1 gallon: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil, Refined, Starwest Botanicals, 5 Gallons: C
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 5 kg (11 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 10 kg (22 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 25 kg (55 lbs): EB
    Kalyx: Evening Primrose Oil Powder, Kalyx, 50 kg (110 lbs): EB


    AMAZON PRODUCTS

    Amazon: Evening Primrose Herbal & Oil Health & Personal Care Products


  • Nutrition Basics: EFA (Essential Fatty Acids) Supplement Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Evening Primrose Herbal Information
  • Aromatherapy: Evening Primrose Oil Information





  • AROMATHERAPY LINKS & INFORMATION

    MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses

    RELATED LINKS

    MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
    MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index






    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

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    Health & Wellness Index





    AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Aromatherapy
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Aromatherapy
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil





    HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water





  • RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION

  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index







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