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MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Information
Herbal, Vegetable & Carrier Oils

Aromatherapy Oils

borage plant


Borage, (borago officinalis) is a wildflower commonly called the "Starflower". It is a relatively large plant (1.5 to 3.3 feet tall) with star shaped bright blue flowers and is found wild in almost all parts of the world. It is a well known herb that has been recognized and used for over 1500 years. Even though this herb has wonderful healing properties, it favors junkyards and waste places for growing rather than tidy gardens and "perfect" nurseries. Borage has thick soft stems and large leaves. Both of these are covered in fine bristly hairs. The leaves are alternate, simple and 2.0 to 5.9 inches long. The flowers complete, perfect with five narrow, triangular-pointed petals, star shaped most often blue in color, sometimes pink flowers are sometimes seen and there is a rare kind that has white flowers. The blue flower is genetically dominant over the white flower. The flowers arise along scorpioid cymes to form large floral displays with multiple flowers blooming simultaneously, suggesting that Borage has a high degree of geitonogamy. It has an indeterminate growth habit which may lead to prolific spreading. In milder climates, borage will bloom continuously for most of the year. Borage is a wild growing hardy native of the Mediterranean region, as well as Asia Minor, Europe, North Africa, and South America. This plant was thought to be native to Assyria, but is probably of North African origin, where there are other Borago species.

Pink and blue borage plant flowers


Borage's culinary and medicinal uses have been known for at least 2000 years. The Roman historian, Pliny, writes of the virtues of borage, and it is suspected that borage leaves, steeped in wine, were the mysterious Nepenthe elixir that Homer writes of which causes absolute forgetfulness when drunk. In the middle ages, borage leaves were commonly brewed into a medicinal tea. Ancient Romans made an elixir from Borage flowers, which Pliny said had the power to lighten spirits, and in Elizabethan England Borage was prescribed for melancholy. In the early part of the 19th century, the young tops of Borage were sometimes boiled as a pot-herb, and the young leaves were used in salads. Borage flowers were preserved and candied. This herb has a faint cucumber flavor and was used in cool tankards of wine and cider. Today it is still used in a claret cup. Traditionally associated with courage, Borage was used to flavor the wine for soldiers preparing for battle. Today, the borage plant is grown and harvested not for its leaves and stems, but rather for the very valuable oil found in its seeds - Borage Seed Oil. The great value of this oil is that it is the richest known source of an essential fatty acid called gamma- linolenic acid (GLA).

Traditionally Borage was cultivated for culinary and medicinal uses, although today commercial cultivation is mainly as an oilseed. The seed oil is desired as source of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 18:3, cis 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid), for which Borage is the highest known plant-based source (17 to 28 percent). The seed oil content is between 26 to 38 percent and in addition to GLA contains the fatty acids palmitic acid (10 to 11 percent), stearic acid (3.5 to 4.5 percent), oleic acid (16 to 20 percent), linoleic acid (35 to 38 percent), eicosenoic acid (3.5 to 5.5 percent), erucic acid (1.5 to 3.5 percent), and nervonic acid (1.5 percent). Borage Seed Oil is often marketed as Starflower Oil or Borage Seed Oil for uses as a GLA supplement, although healthy adults will typically produce ample GLA through dietary linoleic acid.


Our body is capable of naturally producing gamma-linolenic acid. In order to do so, it must have linoleic acid (LA) as its starting material. This is an essential fatty acid that our body is unable to make and we must ingest as part of our everyday diet. Fortunately, we get plenty of linoleic acid in our daily diet since it is commonly found in almost all edible vegetable oils. Once linoleic acid is ingested, it is acted upon by an enzyme called Delta-6- Desaturase (D6D) which biochemically converts LA into GLA . This is how we normally get our daily fix of GLA. Note the importance of the enzyme D6D - without it we would be deficient in GLA no matter how much linoleic acid we get in our diets. GLA is further converted, via a sequence of biochemical steps, into a very important compound called prostaglandin 1 (PG1), a key molecule for maintaining healthy skin. PG1 exhibits a potent anti-inflammatory effect on the skin and also is very effective in regulating water loss and protecting skin from injury and damage.

The D6D enzyme is often referred to as a "lazy" enzyme. That is to say, it can be slow in doing its job, and under some conditions may actually be impaired. People with skin disorders such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis show increased levels of linoleic acid with a simultaneous decrease in gamma-linolenic acid. This evidence strongly suggests a reduction in the activity of the D6D enzyme. As a consequence, the resulting decrease in the synthesis of PG1 may be responsible for the characteristic dry skin and transepidermal water loss observed in these people. It is here that the importance of Borage Seed Oil with its rich source of gamma-linolenic acid becomes evident. Used as a dietary supplement or even applied topically, Borage Seed Oil can circumvent a "lazy" or impaired D6D enzyme by supplying the body directly with GLA and thus allowing the production of normal levels of PG1.

Blue Borage Flowers

Borage production does include use as either a fresh vegetable or a dried herb. As a fresh vegetable, Borage, with a cucumber like taste, is often used in salads or as a garnish. The flower, which contains the non-toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloid thesinine, has a sweet honey-like taste and as one of the few truly blue-colored edible substances, is often used to decorate dessert. It is notable that the leaves have been found to contain small amounts (10 ppm of dried herb) of the liver-toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids: intermedine, lycopsamine, amabiline and supinine. The levels are extremely low (2 to 10 ppm). Leaves contain mainly the non toxic lycopsamine also amabiline and the non-toxic saturated PA thesinine (the only alkaloid found in seed contained thesinine and amabiline in a ratio of 10:1). No alkaloids have been found so far in seed oil.

Borage plant flowers


The Borage is traditionally likened with good spirit and good health. Borage leaves are characterized by having a cucumber-like taste and a sweet aroma. Hence, these leaves are used in preparation of various foods:
  • Salads
  • Sauces
  • Soups
  • Sorbets
  • Lemonades
  • Pickles
  • Punches
  • Appetizers

In Wales, borage is thus considered to be the "Herb of Gladness". Borage was credited from the earliest of times with inducing calm and fortitude and was commonly thought to instil courage. It was usually steeped in wine or brandy and given to travelers before a long journey or to soldiers before battle. The Celts in particular believed it to be a vital food for their warriors. In medieval times Borage tea was given to competitors in jousting tournaments as a morale booster and again as a source of courage. "Always Borage brings courage", was a popular rhyme of the day. Vegetable use of Borage is common in Germany, in the Spanish regions of Aragón and Navarra in the Spanish Cheese Tortas, in the Greek island of Crete and in the Italian northern region Liguria. Although often used in soups, one of the better known German Borage recipes is the Green Sauce (Grüne Soße) made in Frankfurt. In Italian Liguria, Borage is commonly used as filling of the traditional pasta ravioli and in the preparation of pansotti. The leaves and flowers were originally used in Pimms before it was replaced by mint or cucumber peel. It is used to flavor pickled gherkins in Poland. The famous gin based drink, Pimm's No.1, has Borage as one of its important ingredients. Borage is traditionally used as a garnish in the Pimms Cup cocktail, but is sometimes replaced by a long sliver of cucumber peel if not available. It is also one of the key "Botanical" flavorings in Gilpin's Westmorland Extra Dry Gin. Borage leaves have a cucumber-like flavor and it is sometimes used in salads in preference to the cucumber. Borage leaves are also used as a decorating agent in many food preparations, desserts and drinks. The blue-colored flowers have a taste like honey and are edible. European chefs make starflower pastries which retain the blue color of the flowers. Borage also adds a hearty flavor to soups and stews, enhances the flavor of iced tea and fruit drinks and by itself makes a soothing and calming tea. In Iran people sometimes put it in their tea as an added flavoring agent. Chinese chefs have been known to use the leaves much as others use grape leaves: stuffed and rolled. Charles Dickens is reputed to have been particularly fond of Borage Punch - a rather potent concoction of sherry, brandy, apple cider, lemon, sugar and Borage flowers.


Traditionally Borago officinalis is used in hyperactive gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders. Borage contains calcium, potassium, fatty acids, and mineral acids necessary for cardiovascular function and healthy skin and nails. The flowers can be prepared in infusion to take advantage of its medicinal properties. The oleic and palmitic acid of borage may also confer a hypocholesterolemic effect. A methanol extract has shown in vitro amoebicidal activity against Entamoeba histolytica. Theoretically, omega-6 fatty acid gamma-linoleic acid (GLA), may lower the epileptic seizure threshold, and one case of status epilepticus has been reported that was assciated with Borage Oil ingestion and high blood GLA levels. Borage also has cooling actions and is used as a blood cleanser for detoxifying the system and for any condition associated with heat and congestion. Borage promotes sweating and has diuretic, demulcent, and emollient properties as well. It is possible that Borage may be helpful in treating Raynauds Disease. Like evening primrose, Borage contains GLA, which is used to treat Raynauds Disease and is also useful in reducing the symptoms of menopause (hot flashes).

Borage Seed Oil is thought to be a gland balancer that regulates hormonal systems and is said to be effective in helping relieve menstrual / menopausal problems, especially with the mood swings and depression. Naturopathic practitioners use borage for regulation of metabolism and the hormonal system, and consider it to be a good remedy for PMS and menopause symptoms, such as the hot flush. The leaves and seeds increase milk supply in nursing mothers.

This herb is used to reduce the symptoms of arthritis and rheumatism. Borage has an anti-inflammatory history - it is said to be able to help suppress inflammation of the mucous membranes throughout the body. Borage is sometimes indicated to alleviate and heal colds, bronchitis, and respiratory infections, and in general for its anti-inflammatory and balsamic properties. It can be used for treating catarrh, sore throats, and chest infections. Borage works well as a remedy for gastritis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). As a tonic this herb calms palpitations and boosts the immune system during convalescence and exhaustion. It is also said to help relieve grief and sadness. Borage tea is taken to clear skin problems such as eczema, boils, measles, chickenpox, and rashes. The leaves can be used in a poultice for inflammatory swellings. Borage is rich in fatty, gamma linoleic acid (GLA), an Omega-6 Fatty Acid and one of the "good fats" - this is considered to be necessary for your health and is commonly lost through normal aging.


Borage is used in the garden for companion planting. It is said to protect legumes, spinach, brassicas, and even strawberries. It is also said to be a good companion plant to tomatoes because it confuses the search image of the mother moths of tomato hornworms or manduca looking for a place to lay their eggs. Claims that it improves tomato growth and makes them taste better remains unsubstantiated.

Borage Seed


Borage Seed Oil preparation can be carried out by different methods.
  • THE COLD-PRESSED METHOD: In most cases, a method of extraction called the expression method or cold-pressed method is used to extract oil from borage seeds. This method involves crushing the seeds under high mechanical force and then getting the oil from the crushed seed. This type of extraction process ensures that no chemicals or unnatural substances are added to the oil, generating the purest variety of borage seed oil.

  • THE HEXANE CHEMICAL METHOD: Another process of preparing borage seed oil is by using hexane chemical to extract oil from the borage seeds. The borage seeds are crushed and then immersed in hexane which is then gradually evaporated to leave out borage seed oil.

  • SUPER CRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION METHOD: The Super Critical Fluid Extraction method involves use of high technology to extract oil from borage seeds. Firstly, these seeds are grinded and then they are put within a containing system comprised of carbon dioxide gas. An extreme pressure of around 6000 psi to 10000 psi is now applied to them inside this containing system. Under such extreme pressure, carbon dioxide gas is converted to liquid carbon dioxide in which the grinded seeds remain submerged.

Borage Oil


Pressed from the seeds of the beautiful Borage plant (Borago officinalis; Starflower), Borage Seed Oil is known to be beneficial for both topical and internal applications. The pure oil is light yellow in color and has the consistency typical of carrier oils with a very slight sweet scent. Borage oil leaves an oily feeling on the skin. Borage Seed Oil has the highest concentration of gamma linolenic acid (GLA) naturally found, higher than in any other plant source. GLA is an Omega-6 fatty acid, an essential fatty acid. Omega-6 fatty acids cannot be produced in our bodies, but must be obtained from food sources. Essential Fatty Acids are necessary for brain function, regulation of metabolism, and for the growth and health of bones, hair, and skin. Borage Seed Oil has excellent emollient properties and conditions and soothes the skin. Borage Seed Oil is suitable for all skin types and it is often added to other carrier oils for fortification.


  • Botanical Name: Borago officinalis
  • Origin: China (And several other sources, depending on product brand.)
  • Extraction: Cold Pressed / Unrefined
  • Shelf Life: 1 year recommended
  • Kosher Certified: Yes

  • Notes: This particular oil should be kept refrigerated and away from natural and artificial lighting. No additives, preservatives, antioxidants, or other foreign agents have been used or included in the manufacturing of this oil. Suitable for food and cosmetic use. Certified organic by OTCO.


    Sensory Characteristics with Borage Oil are pale yellow oily liquid, with peculiar smell, taste, soft and non-bitter aftertaste.

  • Color: Yellow with a very faint green hue
  • Odor: Characteristic
  • Acid Value: 2.1
  • Heavy Metals: None Detected
  • Pesticides: None Detected
  • Peroxide Value: 1.4
  • Non-Saponifiables: 0.78%
  • Saponification Value: 190.6 mg / g)
  • Specific Gravity: 0.917
  • pH: 4.26

  • Fatty Acids
      Docosenoic- 2.2%
      Icosenoic- 3.8%
      Gamma Linolenic- 20.1%
      Linoleic- 38.8%
      Oleic- 17.9%
      Palmitic- 10%
      Stearic- 3.6%

    The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.


    Borage Seed Oil comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. For adults the recommended dosage is 330 to 5230 mg of linolenic acid. For best results it is best to consult with a qualified herbalist or your health care provider for the treatment of your condition.

    A dosage of Borage Seed Oil between 1.4 to 2.8 grams is recommended to treat arthritis. A daily dosage of 360 milligrams is sufficient for treating eczema. Diabetic patients taking a dosage of 480 milligrams on a daily basis show good results. Patients with a high degree of triglycerides suffer from hardening of arteries and dangers of heart problems and strokes. A daily dosage of approximately 2000 milligrams has been found to yield highly effective results in lowering triglyceride levels in the body of patients.

    To use Borage Seed Oil in your food preparations, mix it into the meal just before serving. This oil should not be heated, and must be used cold to take full advantage of its health benefits. For cosmetic applications, either apply directly, or add to your recipe after all heating has taken place. Borage Seed Oil is available in the market for over the counter sale in liquid as well as in capsule form. Before consuming a Borage Seed Oil capsules or the liquid for internal use, a health care provider should be consulted to ascertain the specific dosage required.


    Borage Seed Oil is a natural derived from the seeds of Borago officinalis, a plant found throughout the United States and Europe. Borage Seed Oil is high in gamma-linolenic acid, or GLA, an essential omega-6 unsaturated fatty acid that may help reduce inflammation. Essential Fatty Acids are necessary for brain function, regulation of metabolism, and for the growth and health of bones, hair, and skin.

    Borage Seed Oil has one of the highest amounts of gamma (γ)-linolenic acid (GLA) of seed oils - higher than blackcurrant seed oil or evening primrose oil, to which it is considered similar. GLA comprises around 24 percent of the oil typically. GLA is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), a precursor to a variety of the 1-series prostaglandins and the 3-series leukotrienes. It is thought to provide therapeutic benefit in rheumatologic illness by inhibiting leukotriene synthesis. Borage Seed Oil may therefore have anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects and it has been studied for its potential to treat anti-inflammatory disorders, arthritis, atopic eczema, and respiratory inflammation.


    Borage Seed Oil is frequently cited as a treatment for acne, eczema, psoriasis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), endometriosis, female infertility, gout, impotence, lupus (SLE), respiratory infections, coronary and vascular disorders, rosacea, and elevated levels of cholesterol. For massage, use Borage Seed Oil as a base or carrier oil. It is excellent for dry skin. In aromatherapy, Borage Seed Oil is used as a carrier oil for essential oil dilution. In herbal medicine, it is used as a sequestering agent and as an astringent. As a blood purifier, consumption of this oil is essential for blood purification. Borage Seed Oil is typically used to treat the following health-related problems:
    • AIDS & Inflammation: This oil contains gamma-linolenic acid or GLA, which helps in treatment of problems such as inflammation and auto-immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
    • Alcoholism
    • Alzheimer's Disease: GLA also enhances and assists with the transmission of nerve impulses. Borage Seed Oil may be useful in treating Alzheimer's memory disorders.
    • Asthma, bronchitis, chest congestion, cough, inflammation of the lungs and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
    • Attention Deficit - Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
    • Colds, sore throat, respiratory conditions as a expectorant and mucilage, fever. The oil of this seed is used to increase sweating and urination and reduce fever.
    • Depression.
    • Diabetes: Assists with nerve function and nerve disorders associated with diabetes.
    • Diarrhea: As a cure for diarrhea, Borage Seed Oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrheal properties.
    • Dry-Eye conditions and pressure in the eye.
    • Endocrine Glands: Borage Seed Oil is useful for proper functioning of metabolism and endocrine glands.
    • High Cholesterol and Heart disease. As a treatment for cardiovascular conditions, it maintains balance of the adrenal glands and the oil also minimizes the possibilities for strokes and cardiovascular disease.
    • Hypertension: Animal research suggests Borage Seed Oil may help to combat stress and high blood pressure (hypertension).
    • Impotence: Promotes blood flow.
    • Lupus: As an anti-inflammatory.
    • Menopausal Symptoms: Hot flashes and hormone regulation.
    • Menstrual Cycles: Breast inflammation and cramping. As an antidote for premenstrual symptoms, the oil from Borage seeds also plays a pivotal role in reduction of menopausal and PMS (premenstrual symptoms) in women.
    • Multiple Sclerosis: There is some evidence to suggest that borage oil's anti-inflammatory properties may help people with multiple sclerosis. Some researchers believe that the high levels of essential fatty acids present in borage oil could help to combat the inflammation associated with the disease, assist with nerve function and furthermore that these acids may also help to prevent nerve damage.
    • Osteoporosis: Borage Seed Oil assists with calcium deposits and absorption, bone strength and growth.
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis and Joint Sprains: Research into Borage Seed Oil has attempted to discover whether one of its main traditional uses is justified, that of helping with rheumatoid arthritis. The answer appears to be yes, as several clinical studies have reported that high doses of Borage Seed Oil significantly reduces pain and swelling in arthritic joints.
    • Skin Care for nails, scalp and hair to help with growth, nourishment and dry conditions.
    • Thrombosis: As an anticoagulant, prostaglandin E in Borage Seed Oil prevents clotting of blood and a reduction of abnormal blood clotting, promoting blood flow.
    • Ulcers: An anti-inflammatory.
    • Weight Loss: Metabolism regulation.


    Borage Seed Oil has a beneficial influence when applied to the hair and skin. It provides growth and nourishment to skin, hair and nails. It is gentle to the skin and hence used to heal skin ailments such as:
    • Acne
    • Atopic Dermatitis
    • Eczema
    • Psoriasis
    • Seborrheic Dermatitis - Used in infantile children to cure cradle cap.
    • Skin Inflammations

    Borage Seed Oil is a little known secret for keeping your skin healthy. It is a natural oil that not only restores moisture and smoothness to dry and damaged skin, but can also provide relief to people who suffer from chronic skin disorders.


    Several recent studies indicate that Borage Seed Oil taken orally increases PG1 levels in the skin and suppresses chronic inflammation. Evidence from animal studies indicates that skin disorders associated with fatty acid imbalances can be corrected through dietary inclusion of Borage Seed Oil. Similar research with humans has confirmed these findings. In fact, a recent study has shown that dietary supplementation of Borage Seed Oil for patients with skin disorders can result in direct improvement in the condition of their skin. Not only is Borage Seed Oil excellent for your skin when taken internally, but there is also more than enough evidence showing that, when applied topically to your skin, Borage Seed Oil has the same positive effects on clearing up various skin disorders.

    A very interesting experiment measured the effects of skin creams containing Borage Seed Oil on dry or damaged skin. Twenty healthy subjects who had either dry (but otherwise normal skin) or had surfactant induced dry, scaly skin were tested over 14 days. Results indicated that the cream containing the Borage Seed Oil was superior in restoring moisture and smoothness to both the dry skin as well as the surfactant damaged skin. This experiment was interpreted as strong evidence that borage oil plays an important role in restoring the intracellular moisture barrier of adult skin which is either chronically dry or has been environmentally damaged.
      1. Add Borage Seed Oil to your diet. Ingesting borage seed oil is scientifically proven to greatly improve skin conditions such as chronic inflammation, psoriasis, and eczema.

      2. Apply Borage Seed Oil directly to your skin. Studies have shown that topical application of a skin cream containing Borage Seed Oil can heal damaged skin in as little as 14 days. The oil restores moisture and helps heal severely dry, cracked skin noticeably in that short period of time. It helps repair the skin's moisture barrier and reverse the effects of disease and environmental damage.


    One of the more powerful demonstrations of the benefits to the skin of topically applied Borage Seed Oil is a clinical study done on 48 infants suffering from severe infantile seborrhoic dermatitis, a common condition in infants known as "cradle cap." This condition is characterized by dry scales and crusts on the scalp, eyelids, face, armpits, breast and groin. The infants were treated twice daily with topically applied Borage Seed Oil and the condition cleared within two weeks. Not only was there improvement in the areas where the Borage Seed Oil was directly applied, but also in the areas where it was not. This result indicated that the Borage Seed Oil was effectively absorbed through the skin and became available throughout the body as a source of gamma-linolenic acid for the biosynthesis of Prostaglandin. If the treatment was discontinued, the symptoms came back within 1 week. However, if the treatment was maintained until the infants became 7 months old and was then stopped, there was no relapse. The authors hypothesized that these infants were born with an immature D6D enzyme system and were unable to produce sufficient gamma-linolenic acid on their own, thus giving rise to the symptoms of cradle cap. The borage oil treatment corrected the symptoms by supplying GLA until the infant's own enzyme system caught up.
      3. Cure a baby's "cradle cap". Some newborn babies are not able to produce enough GLA on their own. This can result in a crusting of the skin in some areas, which is commonly referred to as "cradle cap". Applying a topical Borage Seed Oil cream to a newborn's skin can clear up the condition in as few as 14 days. The cream does not even need to be applied to every affected area of the baby's skin. The newborn's active system naturally absorbs the oil and distributes it throughout the body. Since "cradle cap" can be found in several spots on a newborn, this natural distribution makes it much easier to treat the condition.

    Borage Seed Oil is a very useful natural product that delivers an essential compound to the human body. Its ability to restore the skin's moisture barrier and help clear up chronic skin conditions is nearly miraculous. With all the ways there are to use this oil, it is easy to take advantage of its tremendous health and beauty benefits. There is ample evidence from research on both humans and animals showing that Borage Seed Oil has a significant effect on improving the health and appearance of skin tissue. Clinically, Borage Seed Oil has been shown to be a very effective agent for treating skin disorders and for alleviating the inflammatory symptoms associated with these disorders. For everyday use, Borage Seed Oil has been shown to be very effective in treating the redness, inflammation, and moisture loss associated with dry skin. Whether you take borage oil orally or apply it to your skin, it appears to positively affect the texture, suppleness and moisture content of skin. Simply put, Borage Seed Oil is good for your skin.


    Borage Seed Oil very helpful when it comes to clearing up acne problems. Acne can be caused by a variety of things, and Borage Seed Oil has many properties that help prevent the onset of this dreaded condition. For people who already suffer from the condition, the most important Borage Seed Oil benefit is that it clears up blemishes in just a couple of weeks. There are many other reasons why Borage Seed Oil is a good cure for acne.
    • Borage Seed Oil helps reduce swelling of the skin. The pores of irritated skin are more prone to becoming clogged. Those clogged pores can become cysts or whiteheads. The soothing effects of this oil help calm irritation of the skin and give the pores a chance to heal themselves.

    • Borage Seed Oil helps balance hormones. One of the lesser-known borage oil benefits is its ability to regulate hormones in the skin and body. If your body produces too many hormones - especially testosterone - your body must eliminate the excess quantities in some way. The quickest method is through the skin. Sex hormones such as testosterone and estrogen are fat soluble. They must be carried out of the body through oil excretion. Unfortunately, oil has a tendency to clog pores on its way through the skin's layers. This is one reason why many teenagers suffer from severe acne problems. Borage Seed Oil helps regulate the body's hormone production, which can prevent the need to excrete extreme amounts of oil through the skin.

    • Borage Seed Oil can diminish the size of pores. Another one of the great acne-reducing borage oil benefits is pore size reduction. When applied topically, the natural tannins in the oil slightly tighten the skin. This tightening action causes pores in the skin to shrink. Smaller pores create smaller areas for dirt and environmental irritants to invade. This can prevent blemishes caused by dust, sand, or other particles found in the air.

    Borage Seed Oil has dozens of incredible uses. People all over the world have discovered its beneficial healing properties. With the attributes discussed in this article, it is clear that this oil can be helpful to anyone with persistent acne problems.


    There are no known safety issues and interactions associated with Borage Seed Oil when taken in the recommended doses. Borage Seed Oil is considered perfectly safe for home use for healthy individuals as recommended by their health care provider.


  • Consumption of Borage Seed Oil can have some gastrointestinal effects which include gas, constipation, bloating combined with indigestion, nausea and headaches.

  • Other side effects of Borage Seed Oil might include stomach problems, urinary problems as well as discoloration of the skin and the eyes. Long term intake of this oil may lead to acute health issues.

  • Not for use while pregnant. Pregnant and lactating women should avoid Borage Seed Oil as it can make the processes of childbearing and breastfeeding risky. It is not advisable for pregnant women to consume Borage Seed Oil as it may lead to miscarriages. Breastfeeding mothers should avoid Borage Seed OIl during lactation as it can pass on to their babies causing several health problems. Borage Seed Oil may contain the pyrrolizidine alkaloid amabiline, which is hepatotoxic leading to a risk of liver damage. Patients should use Borage Seed Oil certified free of unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Borage Seed OIl may be unsafe during pregnancy because preliminary studies suggest Borage Seed Oil has a teratogenic effect and that its prostaglandin E agonist action may cause premature labor.
  • Seizures have been reported as a complication of ingestion of Borage Seed Oil in doses of 1,500 to 3,000 mg daily. A specific extraction process may offer purified products with 50-percent-plus GLA content.

  • If you suffer from epilepsy or schizophrenia, those taking epileptogenic or neuroleptic drugs. If you have epilepsy, it is advisable not to consume this oil as this may increase your seizures. Gamma linolenic acid present in Borage Seed Oil can make a case of temporal lobe epilepsy worse than it already is.

  • Touching the Borage plant can cause dermatitis in those with sensitive skin.

  • Sometimes, this oil is found to have Pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which may give rise to serious health injuries. However, these toxic alkaloids are often removed before being sold commercially. People having kidney or liver disease should not use this oil as the Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in the oil can cause liver damage.

  • Shelf life: Borage Seed Oil is quick to go rancid. Its shelf life is 3 to 6 Months with proper storage conditions (cool, out of direct sunlight). Refrigeration after opening is recommended.


  • If you are currently on medication, speak to your healthcare provider before using Borage Seed Oil, as potential interactions or side effects may occur. Borage Seed Oil should be avoided during pregnancy and nursing, as potential risks are unknown at this time. Borage Seed Oil should not be used in high doses or over a longer period of time without prior approval by a healthcare provider. This oil may cause constipation or loose stools, and possibly minor stomach complaints in some individuals.

  • Borage Seed Oil is not recommended for use by hemophiliacs and those taking anticoagulant drugs such as warfarin. They should consult their health care provider before taking Borage Seed Oil. Stop use if you are undergoing any surgical procedure.

  • Although Borage Seed Oil is generally considered safe, due to the lack of science behind Borage Seed Oil's effectiveness, it is important to take caution when using Borage Seed Oil supplements. If you are considering the use of Borage Seed Oil in treatment of any health condition, make sure to consult your health care practitioner before starting your supplement regimen.


  • Borage Herbal Oil Products

  • Borage Herbal Products


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    Mountain Rose Herbs: Borage Seed Oil (Borago officinalis), Certified Organic Bulk Oils
    A high GLA Borage oil made from organic cold pressed seeds with a nice deep color, and pleasant taste. No other carriers or oils are included, just 100% pure Borage seed oil (Borago officinalis). A prized oil for its abundant dietary, health, cosmetic and medicinal benefits.
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Borage (Borago officinalis), Certified Organic Bulk Herbs
    Mountain Rose Herbs: Borage Seeds (Borago officinalis), Certified Organic Garden Seeds, 50 Seed Packet


    HerbsPro: Borage Super GLA 300, Planetary Herbals, 30 Softgels (13051)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil. Health From The Sun, GLA Bio-EFA, 300 mg GLA, 30 Caps (15359)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil. Health From The Sun, GLA Bio-EFA, 300 mg GLA, 60 Caps (15358)
    HerbsPro: Vegan Borage Oil, Deva Vegan Vitamins, 500 mg, 90 VCaps (87417)
    HerbsPro: Flax With Borage Oil, Organic, Spectrum Essentials, 600 mg, 100 Caps (29866)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, Thompson Nutritional Products, 1000 mg, 30 Softgels (35535)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, Spectrum Essentials, Organic, 1000 mg, 60 Caps (29855)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, 100% Vegetarian, Health From The Sun, 1000 mg, 60 Caps (84568)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, Natures Way, 1300 mg, 60 Softgels (82152)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, FoodScience of Vermont, 1300 mg / 300 mg GLA, 120 Caps (74903)
    HerbsPro: GLA 320 Borage Oil, Nutricology, 30 Softgels (18276)
    HerbsPro: Borage Super GLA 300, Rich Source Gamma Linolenic Acid, Planetary Herbals, 60 Softgels (13095)
    HerbsPro: Flax & Borage, Omega-3, Natrol, 60 Softgels (16668)
    HerbsPro: Borage GLA-240 Plus Gamma Tocopherol, Jarrow Formulas, 60 Softgels (1280)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, Foodscience of Vermont, 60 Caps (74902)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil, 100% Vegetarian, Health From The Sun, 60 Caps (84568)
    HerbsPro: Flax-Borage Combo, Organic, Health From The Sun, 90 Caps (67089)
    HerbsPro: Mega-GLA 240 Borage Seed Oil, Source Naturals, 120 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Borage GLA-240 Plus Gamma Tocopherol, Jarrow Formulas, 120 Softgels (1281)
    HerbsPro: Borage Oil (Highest GLA-240 Concentration), Now Foods, 1000 mg, 120 Softgels
    HerbsPro: Mega-GLA 300 Borage Seed Oil, Source Naturals, 120 Softgels (7105)
    HerbsPro: WellBetX RxOmega-3 Factors With Borage Oil, Natural Factors, 120 Softgels (84413)
    HerbsPro: Borage Seed Liquid Gold Oil & Rosemary Extract, Hexane Free, Health From The Sun, 2 fl. oz. (15367)


    Kalyx: Borage Oil, Deva Vegan, 500 mg, 90 VCaps: HF
    Kalyx: Borage Oil, Spectrum Essentials, 1000 mg, 60 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: GLA Borage Oil, Nutricology, 1300 mg, 30 Softgels: N
    Kalyx: Borage Oil 300, Health From the Sun, 1300 mg, 30 Softgels: HF
    Kalyx: Borage Seed Oil, FoodScience Labs, 1,300 mg, 60 Caps: K
    Kalyx: Borage Oil, Health From The Sun, 300 mg GLA, 60 Caps: HF
    Kalyx: Borage (Borago officinalis) Oil Powder, Kalyx, 1 kg (2.2 lbs): RF


    Amazon: Borage Herbal Products
    Amazon: Borage Herbal Oil Products

  • Aromatherapy: Borage Herbal Oil Information
  • Nutrition Basics: Borage Herbal Information


    MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
    MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses


    MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
    MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
    MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index

    MoonDragon's Womens Health Index

    | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    Health & Wellness Index


    Allspice Leaf Oil
    Angelica Oil
    Anise Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Basil Oil
    Bay Laurel Oil
    Bay Oil
    Benzoin Oil
    Bergamot Oil
    Black Pepper Oil
    Chamomile (German) Oil
    Cajuput Oil
    Calamus Oil
    Camphor (White) Oil
    Caraway Oil
    Cardamom Oil
    Carrot Seed Oil
    Catnip Oil
    Cedarwood Oil
    Chamomile Oil
    Cinnamon Oil
    Citronella Oil
    Clary-Sage Oil
    Clove Oil
    Coriander Oil
    Cypress Oil
    Dill Oil
    Eucalyptus Oil
    Fennel Oil
    Fir Needle Oil
    Frankincense Oil
    Geranium Oil
    German Chamomile Oil
    Ginger Oil
    Grapefruit Oil
    Helichrysum Oil
    Hyssop Oil
    Iris-Root Oil
    Jasmine Oil
    Juniper Oil
    Labdanum Oil
    Lavender Oil
    Lemon-Balm Oil
    Lemongrass Oil
    Lemon Oil
    Lime Oil
    Longleaf-Pine Oil
    Mandarin Oil
    Marjoram Oil
    Mimosa Oil
    Myrrh Oil
    Myrtle Oil
    Neroli Oil
    Niaouli Oil
    Nutmeg Oil
    Orange Oil
    Oregano Oil
    Palmarosa Oil
    Patchouli Oil
    Peppermint Oil
    Peru-Balsam Oil
    Petitgrain Oil
    Pine-Long Leaf Oil
    Pine-Needle Oil
    Pine-Swiss Oil
    Rosemary Oil
    Rose Oil
    Rosewood Oil
    Sage Oil
    Sandalwood Oil
    Savory Oil
    Spearmint Oil
    Spikenard Oil
    Swiss-Pine Oil
    Tangerine Oil
    Tea-Tree Oil
    Thyme Oil
    Vanilla Oil
    Verbena Oil
    Vetiver Oil
    Violet Oil
    White-Camphor Oil
    Yarrow Oil
    Ylang-Ylang Oil
    Healing Baths For Colds
    Herbal Cleansers
    Using Essential Oils


    Almond, Sweet Oil
    Apricot Kernel Oil
    Argan Oil
    Arnica Oil
    Avocado Oil
    Baobab Oil
    Black Cumin Oil
    Black Currant Oil
    Black Seed Oil
    Borage Seed Oil
    Calendula Oil
    Camelina Oil
    Castor Oil
    Coconut Oil
    Comfrey Oil
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Flaxseed Oil
    Grapeseed Oil
    Hazelnut Oil
    Hemp Seed Oil
    Jojoba Oil
    Kukui Nut Oil
    Macadamia Nut Oil
    Meadowfoam Seed Oil
    Mullein Oil
    Neem Oil
    Olive Oil
    Palm Oil
    Plantain Oil
    Plum Kernel Oil
    Poke Root Oil
    Pomegranate Seed Oil
    Pumpkin Seed Oil
    Rosehip Seed Oil
    Safflower Oil
    Sea Buckthorn Oil
    Sesame Seed Oil
    Shea Nut Oil
    Soybean Oil
    St. Johns Wort Oil
    Sunflower Oil
    Tamanu Oil
    Vitamin E Oil
    Wheat Germ Oil


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute?
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water


  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index
  • MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips
  • MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1
  • MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy
  • MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index

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