MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Information
Herbal, Vegetable & Carrier Oils
ARGAN OIL DESCRIPTION
Argan Oil is a plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree (Argania Spinosa L.), endemic to Morocco, that is valued for its nutritive, cosmetic and numerous medicinal properties. Argan trees were first reported by the explorer Leo Africanus in 1510. An early specimen was taken to Amsterdam where it was cultivated by Lady Beaufort at Badminton House in 1711. The tree is extremely well adapted to drought and other environmentally harsh conditions of southwestern Morocco. The genus Argania once covered North Africa and is now endangered and under protection of UNESCO. The argan tree grows wild in semi-arid soil, its deep root system helping to protect against soil erosion and the northern advance of the Sahara. This biosphere reserve, the Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve, covers a vast intramontane plain of more than 2,560,000 hectares, bordered by the High Atlas and Little Atlas Mountains and the Atlantic in the west. Argan oil remains one of the rarest oils in the world due to the small and very specific growing areas.
ARGAN OIL EXTRACTION METHODS
Before modern times, the Berbers (also known as the Amazighs) of Morocco would collect undigested argan pits from the waste of goats which climb the trees to eat their fruit. The pits were then ground and pressed to make the nutty oil used in cooking and cosmetics. However, the oil used in cosmetic and culinary products available for sale today has most likely been harvested directly from the tree and processed with machines.
Now increasingly important for oil produced for sale, as the oil will keep 12 to 18 months and extraction is much faster. Using mechanical presses, mixing of the dough and water is unnecessary and the dough can be directly pressed.
The fruits of the argan tree are nut-sizes and may be round, oval or conical in shape. The fruits are covered by a thick peel which covers the fleshy pulp. The pulp surrounds a hard-shelled nut which represents approximately 25 percent the weight of the fresh fruit.
Contained within the nut are one to three argan oil-rich kernels. Argan oil is extracted from the kernels, with yields varying from 30 to 55 percent depending on the extraction method used. Extraction of the kernels is key to the argan oil production process. In order to extract the kernels, the argan fruits are first dried in the open air and then the fleshy pulp of the fruit is removed. Sometimes the flesh is removed mechanically without the need to dry the fruits. The flesh is usually used as feed for animals.
The next stage involves cracking the argan nut to obtain the argan kernels. Attempts to mechanize this process have been unsuccessful and therefore it is still carried out by hand, making it a time-consuming and labour-intensive process. Once the kernels are extracted, they are assessed for quality. Kernels used to make argan oil for food use, culinary argan oil, are then gently roasted. After the argan kernels have cooled down, they are ground and pressed. The brown-colored mash expels pure, unfiltered argan oil. After this, unfiltered argan oil is decanted into vessels. The press cake remaining after the argan oil has been expelled is protein-rich and is frequently used as feed for cattle.
Cosmetic Argan Oil is produced almost identically, although the argan kernels are not roasted to avoid an excessively nutty scent.
After pressing, the argan oil is decanted and left to rest for approximately two weeks. This allows solids suspended in the argan oil to settle to the bottom, creating a natural sediment. The clearer argan oil may then be further filtered depending on the clarity and degree of purity required. Pure argan oil may contain some sediment. This is a natural part of the production process and does not affect the quality of the argan oil.
ARGAN OIL PROPERTIES
Argan Oilhas a relative density at 20°C ranging from 0.906 to 0.919. Argan Oil contains tocopherols (Vitamin E), phenols, carotenes, squalene, and fatty acids (80% unsaturated fatty acids). The main natural phenols in Argan Oil are caffeic acid, oleuropein, vanillic acid, tyrosol, catechol, resorcinol, (-)-epicatechin and (+)-catechin. Depending on the extraction method, Argan oil may be more resistant to oxidation than Olive oil.
ORGANIC ARGAN OIL PROFILE
Botanical Name: Argania spinosa Origin: Morocco Extraction: Expeller pressed / Unrefined Shelf life: 1 year recommended Kosher Certified: No
Notes: Keeps well when stored properly (in a cool place (under 77°F) and away from sunlight). The type of Argan oil carried by Mountain Rose Herbs is recommended for cosmetic use only. Wonderful for use in lotion and cream formulations, or used alone.
Color: Golden Odor: Light, distinctive, slightly fatty and nutty
Free Fatty Acids- 0.85
Peroxide Value- 5.7
Specific Gravity- 0.918
Saponification Value- 195
Oleic- 42 to 48%
Palmitic- 12 to 16%
Linoleic- 30 to 38%
Linolenic- less than 0.6%
Stearic- 5 to 6%
Argan Herbal-Carrier Oil Products
The above product information description was obtained from Mountain Rose Herbs regarding their products. For other manufacturers, merchants and vendors, consult individual product label description.
ARGON OIL USES
Culinary Argan oil (Argan Food Oil) is used for dipping bread, on couscous, salads and similar uses. Amlou, a thick brown paste with a consistency similar to peanut butter, is produced by grinding roasted almonds and argan oil using stones, and is used locally as a bread dip.
Various claims about the beneficial effects on health due to the consumption of argan oil have been made. Researchers have concluded that daily consumption of argan oil is highly likely to be one factor helping the prevention of various cancers, cardiovascular diseases and obesity. The results of a nutritional intervention study, in which volunteers were given either argan oil or animal fats (butter) in their diet, were published in 2005. The results showed that regular dietary intake of argan oil led to reduced levels of harmful cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, compared to a diet with regular intake of animal fats.
Unroasted Argan oil is traditionally used as a treatment for skin diseases and as a cosmetic oil for skin and hair. Argan Oil is commonly referred to as "The Gold of Morocco." Pure Argan Oil is a rich source of Vitamin E and essential fatty acids. It is a super food for the skin and hair. An organic plant extract, which will penetrate to moisturize, soften, smooth, and intensify without leaving an oily residue. Traditionally used by women in Morocco to counteract the effects of aging on hair, skin and nails. It intensifies shine and softness to hair while it minmizes fly-aways and treats split ends.
Argan Oil has become increasingly popular for cosmetic use. The number of personal-care products on the US market with Argan Oil as an ingredient increased from just two in 2007 to over one hundred by 2011. Argan oil is also sold without additives as a natural skincare and haircare product. The increasing popularity of Argan Oil has prompted the Moroccan government to plan for increased production: its aim is to triple annual production from approximately 2,500 to 4,000 tonnes by 2020.
ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL IMPACTS OF ARGAN OIL PRODUCTION
The production of Argan oil is beginning to have noticeable environmental and social impacts. Argan oil production means that Argan trees are not seen as a valuable resource. This has led to their preservation with a knock-on impact on the environment. The nature of Argan oil production, now frequently carried out by women's co-operatives, has provided a steady income for many women and their families, improved the social status of some women and has encouraged producers of other agricultural products to examine the co-operative model.
The Argan tree provides food, shelter and protection from desertification. The tree has deep roots which help revent desert encroachment. The canopy of the argan tree also provides shade for other agricultural products and its leaves and fruit provide food for animals. The argan tree also helps landscape stability, helping to prevent soil erosion, providing shade for pasture grasses and helping to replenish aquifers. Producing Argan oil has helped to protect argan trees from being cut down. In addition, regeneration of the Arganeraie has also been carried out. In 2009 and operation to plant 4.300 argan plants was launched in Meskala in the province of Essaouira. RARBA (Réseau des Associations de la Réserve de Biosphère Arganeraie, Network of Associations of the Argan Biosphere Reserve) was founded in 2002 with the aim of ensuring sustainable development in the Arganeraie. RARBA has been involved with several major projects, including the Moroccan national anti-desertification programme (Programme National de Lutte contre la desertification (PAN/LCD)). The project involved local populations and helped with improvements to basic infrastructure, management of natural resources, revenue generating activities (including argan oil production), capacity reinforcement and others.
The production of argan oil has always had a socio-economic function. At present, argan oil production supports approximately 2.2 million people in the main argan oil producing region (the Arganeraie). Much of the argan oil produced today is made by a number of women's co-operatives. Co-sponsored by the Social Development Agency (SDA) with the support of the European Union, the UCFA (Union des Cooperatives des Femmes de l’Arganeraie) is the largest union of argan oil co-operatives in Morocco. It comprises twenty-two co-operatives that are found in other parts of the region (e.g., Coopérative Al Amal, Coopérative Amalou N'Touyag, Coopérative Tissaliwine, Coopérative ArganSense, and Coopérative Maouriga). Employment in the co-operatives provides women with an income, which many have used to fund education for themselves or their children. It has also provided them with a degree of autonomy in a traditionally male-dominated society and has helped many become more aware of their rights. The success of the argan co-operatives has also encouraged other producers of agricultural products to adopt the co-operative model. The establishment of the co-operatives has been aided by support from within Morocco, notably the Fondation Mohamed VI pour la Recherche et la Sauvegarde de l’Arganier (Mohammed VI Foundation for Research and Protection of the Argan Tree, and from international organisations, including Canada’s International Development Research Centre and the European Commission. Funding has enabled technical support for the production and marketing of argan oil and for technical, professional and personal development of the women involved in the co-operatives.
REFERENCES: Information Source: Wikipedia.org: Argan Oil
ARGAN HERBAL OIL PRODUCTS
QUALITY SUPPLIES & PRODUCTS
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ARGAN HERBAL OIL PRODUCTS
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS PRODUCTS
Mountain Rose Herbs: Argan Oil (Argania Spinosa), Bulk Organic Carrier & Vegetable Oils
Argan Oil extraction is expeller pressed and unrefined. This rare and exquisite oil is meticulously expeller pressed from the fruit kernels of the Moroccan Argan tree. Argan oil is rich in natural tocopherols (vitamin E) and phenols, carotenes, squalene and fatty acids, making it a truly luxurious oil. Argan oil absorbs quickly and is often used in skin, nail and hair treatments to deliver deep hydration, strengthen brittle hair and nails, and prevent / reduce stretch marks. Certified Organic through OTCO.
STARWEST BOTANICALS PRODUCTS
Starwest Botanicals: Morocco Argan Oil (Argania spinosa), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 fl. oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Morocco Argan Oil (Argania spinosa), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 4 fl. oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Morocco Argan Oil (Argania spinosa), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 16 fl. oz.
Starwest Botanicals: Morocco Argan Oil (Argania spinosa), Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 Gallon
HerbsPro: Moroccan Argan Oil, Organic 100% Pure, Tane, 30 ml
HerbsPro: Moroccan Argan Oil, Organic 100% Pure, Tane, 50 ml
HerbsPro: Argan Oil, Larenim, 1 fl. oz.
Certified organic, 100% raw Argan (argania spinosa kernel) oil, a moisturizer for all skin tyupes. Used to nourish, protect and restore skin. Apply to skin for silky-smooth moisture. Excellent for dry and oily skin types. Vegan, no animal testing.
HerbsPro: Argan Organic Skincare Oil, Aura Cacia, 1 fl. oz.
Certified organic Morocco pure essential skin care Argan Kernel oil. Apply as a general body oil, a nourishing hair and scalp massage or to soften and rejuvenate dry skin. Enjoy the benefits of Aura Cacia essential oils by adding 1 to 2 drops of essential oil to each pump of argan in the palm of your hand.
HerbsPro: Argan Oil, Organic, Simplers Botanicals, 1 fl. oz.
Certified organic, hand processed, expeller pressed, raw 100% pure Moroccan Argan OIl (Argania spinosa). Apply as needed for skin care or massage. Hair or scalp care: Massage in and leave for one hour, then wash out. To moisturize, control frizz and add shine, warm a few drops in palms, smooth over damp or fry hair and massage into ends. As a facial serum: After misting with a hydrosol, warm in palms and gently massage into damp skin. Create your own body or facial oils: Use argan oil as a carrier to dilute essential oils.
HerbsPro: Daytime Argan Facial Oil Serum, Aura Cacia, 1 fl. oz.
A blend of pure botanicals to nourish and rejuvenate the skin. Ingredients include organic Sunflower oil, Organic Argan Kernel oil, Jojoba oil, Patchouli oil, and Immortelle oil.
HerbsPro: Argan Oil, Certified Organic, Now Foods, 2 fl. oz.
Certified organic 100% Pure Argania Spinosa multi-purpose oil. Expeller pressed and hexane-free. For dry skin, apply a liberal amount where needed most. For hair, rub a few drops between hands and run through hair to add shine and reduce fly-aways.
HerbsPro: Argan Organic Multi Purpose Oil, Nourish Organic, 3.4 fl. oz. Organic Argan Oil Blend with Pomegranate and Rosehips for the face, body and hair. Other ingredients include Safflower Seed oil, Jojoba Seed oil, Coconut Oil, Hibiscus Flower extract, and Vitamin E.
HerbsPro: Argan Oil, Now Foods, 4 fl. oz.
Certified organic 100% Pure Argania Spinosa, a multipurpose oil, the Gold of Morocco, expeller pressed and hexane free from the tree nuts of the Argan tree. For dry skin, apply a liberal amount where needed most. For hair, rub a few drops between hands and run through hair to add shine and reduce fly aways. Add a few drops to your favorite essential oils, creams or lotions and mix well.
HerbsPro: Pure Argan Oil, Life-Flo, 4 fl. oz.
Certified organic, cold pressed, first choice Argania Spinosa (Argan) oil (99.5% Pure With Vitamin E added to preserve the freshness of the oil). Intensifies shine and softness to hair, organic living and organic grown. Use as a daily moisturizer for skin and hair. Helps to alleviate dry skin. Rub oil between your hands and smooth through hair to minimize fly-aways and treat split ends.
HerbsPro: Argan Body Oil, Organic, Dr. Scheller, 5.1 fl. oz.
Firming body oil for demanding skin care. A botanical blend of Argan oil, Inca Inchi oil, Avocado oil.
Kalyx: Argan Oil Natural Skin Care, Certified Organic, Aura Cacia, 1 fl. oz: HF
Rejuvenating USDA Organic Morocco Natural Skin Care Natural Skin Care Aura Cacia 100% Pure Argan Oil is sustainably sourced from the kernels of a native desert tree in Morocco. Argan oil contains high levels of skin rejuvenating essential fatty acids and is great for moisturizing and nourishing the skin.
Kalyx: Pure Argan Oil, Life-Flo, 4 fl oz: K Pure Argan Oil. A rich source of Vitamin E and essential fatty acids. A`super food` for the skin and hair. Commonly referred to as The Gold of Morocco, it is cold pressed and organically grown. Traditionally used by women in Morocco to counteract the effects of aging on hair, skin and nails. Intensifies shine and softness to hair whiles it minimizes fly-aways and treats split ends.
Kalyx: Argan Oil, Certified Organic, Starwest Botanicals, 1 Gallon: C
Amazon: Organic Argan Oil Products
Aromatherapy Oils: Argan Herbal-Carrier Oil Information
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AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
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