MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information
PSYCHOTHERAPY & COUNSELING
Mind & Emotion Therapies
For "Informational Use Only".
For more detailed information, contact your health care provider
about options that may be available for your specific situation.
Covering a wide rage of techniques used to ease psychological suffering, psychotherapy and counseling owe much to the work of Austrian psychiatrist Sigmund Freud at the turn of the 20th century. Whether treating mental and emotional disorders or promoting self-awareness, these therapies offer a chance to understand and resolve difficult thoughts, feelings, and situations by talking about them with a skilled listener. Many hospitals and health care providers' practices now employ psychologists and psychotherapists, and many other practitioners offer a range of less mainstream therapies in the same field.
MAIN USES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY & COUNSELING
Stress, anxiety, Depression. Phobias, obsessions, compulsions. Eating disorders. Bereavement, grief. Relationship problems. Sexual problems. Emotional instability. Psychosomatic illness. Personal development.
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Stress
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Anxiety Disorder
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Depression
MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Manic Depression & Bi-Polar Mood Disorder
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Phobias & Fears
MoonDragon's Pagan Pathway: Death Index (Rituals & Information)
MoonDragon's MDBS Guidelines: Grieving After Loss
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Depression
MoonDragon's Women's Empowerment: Relationships
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Domestic Violence
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Impotence - Sexual Dysfunction - Male
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Premature Ejaculation - Male
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Rape Trauma
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Sexual Dysfunction - Female
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Bulimia
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Anorexia
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Obesity
MoonDragon's Womens Health Information: Fatigue
MoonDragon's Health Therapy: Pain Control Therapies
Sigmund Freud was the father of psychoanalysis, the forerunner of psychotherapy. He believed that sexuality, hunger, and other drives experienced unconsciously at an early age shape emotional responses throughout life.
The origins of psychotherapy as we know it today can unquestionably be traced to the work of Sigmund Freud, who practiced psychoanalysis in Vienna from the 1880s to the 1930s. He introduced the idea of the unconscious mind, and tried to uncover buried motives for the disturbed thoughts, feelings, and actions of his patients by allowing them to talk freely.
Carl Jung, a Swiss psychoanalyst and originally one of Freud's disciples, developed his own theories about man's search for his "essential self", and the existence of a "collective unconscious" shared by all human beings.
In around 1914, a pupil of Freud, Carl Jung, broke away from his mentor to develop his own brand of analytic psychotherapy, based on the idea of a human drive toward an inner world of wholeness.
Another influential psychoanalyst was Melanie Klein. Between World Wars I and II, she carried out research into infant behavior, believing that young children's relationships with the outside world are at least as formative as their struggles to come to terms with their own bodies. Klein's theories about how children learn to think influenced many psychoanalysts.
During the first half of the 20th century, "behavioral" psychologists, such as John Watson and Burrhus Frederic Skinner, criticized the psychoanalysts' emphasis on the unconscious. They claimed that such unconscious states of mind, which could not be measured, were irrelevant, while hunger and other biological triggers "conditioned" predictable behavior that could be unlearned or corrected by therapy.
In reaction to the behaviorists' theories of negative "conditioning" and the clinical nature of Freudian psychoanalysis, psychologists Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, and others developed a "humanistic" approach to therapy, focusing on the positive, rather than the dysfunctional, aspects of behavior. By the 1960s, techniques such as encounter groups were being used to encourage "personal growth" and help people realized their "human potential".
While psychoanalysis remained popular in central Europe and on the East Coast of the US, the "personal growth movement" burgeoned on the West Coast, and the work of therapists such as Virginia Satir and Milton Erickson proved to be a major influence on developing techniques for brief psychotherapy. By the 1970s, psychotherapy and its sister therapy, counseling, were becoming established outside the US. Today, many health care providers refer patients to various types of psychotherapists and counselors, or even employ them in their practices.
For many people, the existence of the "unconscious" remains controversial. Analytic and psychodynamic therapies are based on the theory that memories and feelings become "repressed", or forgotten, and therefore disturb the mind and body. These approaches usually involve encouraging clients to talk about their experiences and vent emotions that have been repressed, while cognitive and behavioral therapies do not deal with the unconscious at all. The client usually initiates the dialogue and decides what is talked about.
Trained practitioners should be able to identify the importance not only of what clients say, but what they do not say, and suggest links between present behavior and past events. Most practitioners will have undergone therapy as part of their training, and even when qualified they should receive regular supervision from another practitioner. While the distinctions between practitioners may be blurred (particularly in the case of psychotherapists and counselors), they can usually be categorized as one of the following:
PSYCHOANALYSTS: Practitioners train for 5 to 7 years at a recognized institution, following the teachings of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, or Melanie Klein. Some may also have a medical degree.
PSYCHOLOGISTS: After taking a science-based university degree, studying the mind and behavior, practitioners choose a branch of psychology in which to specialize. Personal therapy is not part of their training. Clinical psychologists often use cognitive and behavioral methods directed by the practitioner.
PSYCHOTHERAPISTS: Practitioners usually train for 4 years with a recognized organization, but do not necessarily have a degree. They may specialized in a variety of techniques.
COUNSELORS: While some counselors may receive only a weekend's training, the better ones have 2 to 3 years' training and work under supervision.
Both psychotherapists and counselors may use a variety of approaches, including psychodynamic as well as humanistic.
EVIDENCE & RESEARCH
Psychological therapies are difficult to research. Not only are the methods diverse but they rely on theories about human condition that are impossible to proved scientifically. Often it is the skill of the practitioner, rather than the type of therapy, that determines a successful outcome. Behavioral and cognitive therapies have been widely evaluated - for example, studies published in the Journal of Counseling & Clinical Psychology in the 1990s - have been shown to be effective for anxiety, phobias, mild to moderate depression, relationship problems, and sexual dysfunctions.
In 1994, the British Journal of Psychiatry published research suggesting that cognitive therapy was more effective for panic attacks than other conventional medication or relaxation techniques. When the results of such studies are compared, clients are generally found to have benefited from treatment in the long term, although no technique seems more effective than another. Less research evidence is available for longer-term psychoanalytic therapies, but some studies indicate that there is little change even after the third year of treatment.
CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL OPINION
Conventional health care practitioners do not doubt the value of good listening skills and communication, particularly where there has been loss or trauma. Giving patients the emotional help they need can be distressing for practitioners and patients alike, and most conventional practitioners stress the need for formal training. Many practitioners are trained counselors in their practices, and forms of brief psychotherapy are widely available. The medical profession, however, is skeptical of more extreme theories and therapies.
CONSULTING A PRACTITIONER
There are many reasons why you may consult a psychotherapist or counselor: a life event may have triggered powerful emotions, or you may be distressed for reasons that you do not comprehend. The inability to make a major decision may be affecting your life, or you may have a history of relationship problems and wish to understand why.
It can be difficult to decide which type of therapy to choose, particularly as many practitioners adapt a range of approaches. Try to be as clear as possible about what you want to be doing differently at the end of treatment.
The initial consultation is a chance to see if you feel comfortable with the type of therapy and the practitioner. You will be asked to explain why you think you need help, and the practitioner will decide whether she can help you. Some practitioners offer the first consultation without charge, particularly if therapy is likely to be long term. It is important to be able to talk freely to your practitioner, so if you cannot do so on your first visit, do not hesitate to find someone else. Always ask how long therapy is likely to last, and if there will be regular progress reviews.
By asking the client to speak about himself, the practitioner can help him to identify any deep-seated reasons for his problem. The client is encouraged to talk freely and the practitioner interrupts only to help the client focus on his problems.
PSYCHOTHERAPY - A CLIENT'S EXPERIENCE
Agnes, 34, saw a psychotherapist because of her bad relationship with an ex-boss:
"The therapist would wait for me to speak and there was no social chitchat. I thought my problems were tied up with my boss, but once I started talking about my childhood, I realized my father was a similar man. He was always shouting at me, and I never answered him back. Talking to the therapist, I found myself crying in anger. Because my boss had unconsciously reminded me of my dad, I could not stand up to him and had to leave the job. Knowing why now makes a difference, and I feel stronger when I see my father."
When choosing a practitioner ask about training and qualifications, and whether he or she belongs to a professional body. It is essential to trust your practitioner. Remember that you are paying for treatment and are entitled to stop therapy whenever you wish. Avoid psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, or counseling if you have any psychotic illness, such as schizophrenia or manic depression.
QUESTIONS TO ASK A PSYCHOTHERAPIST OR COUNSELOR
Q: How long does a treatment session last?
A: The usual length is 50 to 60 minutes.
Q: How many sessions will I need?
A: Sessions are usually held at least once a week. The length of treatment varies widely, from a few months to several years or more, depending on the approach.
Q: Will it be distressing?
A: Therapy may release disturbing emotions. Your practitioner must be trained to help you work through these.
Q: Will there be any aftereffects?
A: Provided your practitioner has been fully trained by a recognized institution and long-term treatment is properly reviewed, there should be no negative aftereffects.
TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY & COUNSELING
Psychoanalysis, psychodynamic therapies, and counseling rely on the verbal communications of thoughts and emotions. Behavioral and cognitive therapies help to change habitual actions or perceptions by offering positive ways of behaving and thinking. The humanistic psychotherapies retain ideas from all of the above but focus on a creative awareness of the present.
The essential premise of psychoanalysis is based on the work of Freud. The unacceptable feelings of early childhood are said to be banished to the unconscious mind, but to continue to influence thoughts, emotions, and behavior. "Repressed" feelings may surface later in life as conflictions, anguish, depression, or anxiety, or express themselves through dreams and creative activities. The client-analyst relationship is taken as a reflection of previous significant feelings and relationships which the analyst interprets and gradually helps make acceptable to the client's conscious mind.
The patient "transfers" deeply buried feelings on to the analyst. He may, for example, react to the analyst as defensively as he did with his parents.
You lie on a couch or sit in a chair and talk about whatever comes to mind. Treatment is aimed at encouraging the "transference" onto the analyst of feelings about figures in your life, and then trying to identify these feelings. Patients undertaking psychoanalysis are usually suffering high levels of distress, and treatment may be a lengthy process, consisting of as many as three to five 50-minute sessions a week for 2 to 5 years.
- JUNGIAN ANALYTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
Carl Jung believed in a human drive toward "individuation", a spiritual quest to get in touch with the "collective unconscious," the myth-inspiring level of mind shared by the whole human race. He developed a form of psychoanalysis in which clients examine past experiences in order to confront deep-seated personal issues affecting their identity. Transference is a crucial element, and the therapy may bring about profound changes. Jung suggested that we have aspects of ourselves that we find unacceptable, and that it is this "shadow", which is repressed, that has to be "integrated" if we are to find our true self. One or two weekly sessions are needed for at least six months, and a two-year period course of treatment is the norm.
- PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY
This therapy works with the unconscious mind, exploring connections between past and present life events and making use of transference, but emphasizing change and development.
If you have a history of broken relationships, for example, you might examine possible formative childhood experiences. Knowing why difficulties are occurring can free you to make changes. Treatment is traditionally open-ended, but therapy for a core issue can be short-term work involving 15 to 40 sessions.
For severe problems, such as child abuse or autism, a child psychologist would use a psychoanalytic approach to help the child make sense of relationship experiences and learn from them. This is usually one-to-one, but include group and family work.
In child therapy, play is used as a means of communication.
For less severe problems, such as bed-wetting, a child counselor or play therapist may work with children singly or groups, often using play - this can be the easiest way for children to express themselves.
Group therapy can include psychoanalytical, behavioral, and humanistic approaches. It is helpful for people who find it difficult to relate to others, and is also used to treat addiction.
In group work, clients meet in small groups, usually no more than ten. The practitioner helps clients to articulate their feelings. By sharing their thoughts, clients learn more about themselves.
You meet in small groups over several months to share experiences and feelings. A practitioner acts as a "facilitator" to interpret group dynamics and help you express your feelings and insights.
Family therapy explores the interactions between family members. Because the earliest relationships we form are those within a family, the attitudes and habits developed at this time can have a powerful influence on our patterns of behavior later in life. In a dysfunctional family, one member sometimes becomes disturbed or ill when they feel they try to express something that they feel they cannot mention to the others. When the whole family sits down together with a practitioner, issues that affect each member, such as a lack of communication, can be discussed without targeting any one person. For this reason, the therapy needs the cooperation of everyone in the family to be successful.
Family therapy can be effective in resolving communication difficulties between family members and in changing patterns of behavior.
Family therapy has proved particularly helpful in treating young anorexics. The course is often brief, perhaps between 10 and 20 sessions of 50 minutes' duration.
Counseling usually focuses on specific problems, such as bereavement or job loss, rather than deep-seated personal issues. A counselor is supportive and skilled in listening, and will prompt you to talk freely, but will probe less deeply into personal problems that a psychotherapist, and offer little or no direct advice. Instead, your thoughts and feelings are reflected back to you to increase your self-awareness. The counselor also helps you to look at your situation from different perspectives in order to gain fresh insights and find your own solutions. If you are depressed or lack confidence, you may feel encouraged to stand up for yourself, or you may learn to express difficult emotions, such as anger, sadness, or fear.
Training for counselors is usually shorter and less academic than for psychotherapists, and a good counselor should know when to refer you to more expert treatment. The boundary between counseling and psychotherapy can be difficult to define. Some "psychodynamic counselors" may offer what others call psychotherapy, while a psychotherapist in a private practice may be called a counselor when working in a medical setting. Specialized counselors are often available for marital and sexual problems and bereavement crises, and many health care providers now have counselors attached to their practice. A course of counseling should take weeks or months rather than years.
Couples with relationship difficulties may benefit from talking to a counselor who can help them decide how to approach the future. The counselor offers little direct advice. One of the couple may talk more freely than the other.
- MARRIAGE COUNSELING
Dealing with marital or relationship problems, this type of counseling aims not so much to restore the relationship as to help couples understand the nature of their difficulties, and decide what action can be taken in the future. You can see a counselor individually, as a couple, or in supportive group setting. As counseling often explores deeper psychological problems, the counselor may refer you to a psychotherapist or sexual counselor. Counselors work with all couples, including unmarried or gay partners. Sessions are usually 50 minutes weekly and may continue for several months.
- SEXUAL COUNSELING / PSYCHOSEXUAL THERAPY
Known by both names, this therapy is used specifically to help people with sexual problems that may be causing relationship difficulties. The counselor helps couples improve their verbal and physical communication, and advises on common problems, such as impotence, difficulties in achieving an erection or becoming aroused, and premature ejaculation. Other sex-related conditions that may benefit from counseling and psychotherapy include vaginismus (muscle tension preventing penetration) and painful intercourse, loss of libido, failure to reach orgasm, dislike of sex, and fertility issues. You may seek advice singly or as a couple. Weekly sessions of 50 minutes continue for weeks or months.
- SOLUTIONS-FOCUSED BRIEF THERAPY
This counseling therapy promotes positive change rather than dwelling on past problems. The counselor encourages you to focus positively on things that you do well - to set yourself goals and work out how to achieve them. For example, you may be asked the following: "If a miracle happened and all your problems were resolved, what would be different about your life?" Practitioners claim that clients can make worthwhile progress in as little as three to four sessions.
At the end of the 19th century, Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov discovered that animals learn to associate certain situations with reward or punishment. This led to the premise that behavior is learned in response to past experiences and can be unlearned, or reconditioned, without analyzing the past for reasons why the pattern had formed. You are taught to change certain unwanted habitual actions or emotions through mental and physical exercises, including punishment and reward strategies, employed to lever you out of destructive patterns of behavior. The therapy works well with some stress-related illnesses, compulsive and obsessive behavior, irrational fears, phobias, and addictions. For example, if you have a fear of flying you are taught relaxation methods, offered information about aerodynamics, encouraged to visit an airport, and then eventually accompanied on a flight.
- COGNITIVE THERAPY
Cognitive therapy takes a positive view of the power of the mind to influence behavior. It is based on the theory that previous experiences may adversely affect your self-perception, and condition your attitudes, emotions, and ability to deal with certain situations. By learning to identify, question, and change negative or self denigrating thoughts, it is possible to alter habitual responses and behavior. If you are pessimistic or depressed, for example, you are encouraged to view situations from different perspectives rather than always interpreting everything in the same gloomy way. Weekly sessions of 50 minutes may continue for several months.
- COGNITIVE ANALYTICAL THERAPY
Combining cognitive therapy and psychotherapy, this approach encourages you to draw on your own resources to acquire the skills to change destructive patterns of behavior. Negative ways of thinking and behaving are explored with a psychotherapist. Treatment is structured and directive, and takes place over 16 weekly sessions of 50 minutes, involving diary-keeping, progress charts, and diagrams that explain the destructive emotional cycles in which you may be trapped. There is a follow-up session three months later.
- COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
Pioneered by clinical psychologists in the 1960s, this approach combines cognitive and behavioral techniques. For example, relaxation techniques may be taught alongside ways to change your thoughts and expectations. It has proved effective in treating stress-related ailments, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders, and in conjunction with drug treatment, major depression. Treatment may involve as few as 10 to 15 weekly sessions of 50 minutes' duration, with "homework" that may include practicing a certain skill or focusing on something that arouses anxiety.
- PERSONAL CONSTRUCT THERAPY
Developed by psychologist George Kelly in 1955, this approach helps you restructure perceptions of yourself and so change your outlook. A questionnaire helps to analyze your view of the world, and techniques may include pretending for a week to be a fictional character who views the world differently. Weekly 50 minute sessions may continue for several months.
- THE 12-STEP PROGRAM
Originally developed in the US in the 1930s to treat alcohol dependency, this cognitive behavioral technique is now used for any addictive behavior, from recurring problems when forming relationships, sexually-related addictions, gambling addictions, to drug abuse and addictions. Within the support of a group, the steps teach you new ways of behaving and thinking about yourself and your life. The first step is to admit to the problem, while the final step includes a pledge to help others in the same situation. Weekly sessions may continue for years or for life.
- BRIEF THERAPY
Treatment by this cognitive behavioral approach consists of three one-hour sessions with one follow-up session three months later. In the first stage, the practitioner helps you to establish the nature of the problem; over the next two sessions, you look at strategies to resolve it. You are expected to act on these strategies in the three months before the follow-up session. This therapy can be effective in treating certain clearly defined problems linked to stress and anxiety, such as panic attacks.
- NEUROLINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING (NLP)
Combining cognitive behavioral techniques with ideas form humanistic psychotherapy and hypnotherapy, NLP was developed in the 1970s by American psychotherapists John Ginder and Richard Bandler. It works on the theory that life experiences, from birth onward, program the way you see the world. A practitioner, who may be a psychotherapist or counselor, helps you discover how you have learned to think and feel so that you can take control of your actions. You are taught to consciously change your patterns of speech and body language in order to communicate better and bring about personal change. NLP even claims a "ten-minute phobia cure". The length and number of sessions vary, but are usually brief compared to other approaches.
Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) teaches clients to see their connection with the world in terms of six levels, shown here as discs. Understanding these levels helps bring about positive change. The client is guided physically and psychologically by the practitioner.
Embracing many techniques that sprang from the "personal growth movement" of the 1960s, humanistic psychotherapy owns much to American psychologist Abraham Maslow. It invites people to explore their feelings and take responsibility for their thoughts and actions. Emphasis is not on dysfunctional behavior or neuroses, but on self-development and achieving one's highest potential ("high-level wellness").
Many humanistic therapies are based on a "client-centered" or "non-directive" approach, which assumes that people know best how to deal with their personal problems, and the practitioner offers clients a non-judgmental "space". Humanistic therapies such as psychosynthesis can also be described as "holistic", since patients use the "whole-self" - including their creative instincts - to explore and resolve personal issues.
- GESTALT THERAPY
Gestalt therapy was developed in the 1960s by German psychoanalyst Fritz Perls. Its name is from the German for "organized whole", reflecting Perl's belief that the human response to experiences is a totality of thoughts, feelings, and actions. You gain self-awareness by analyzing your behavior and body language, and giving expression to any feelings you may be repressing. Treatment consists of one-to-one or group sessions, and often includes action out scenerios and dream recall. Sessions are held weekly, and practitioners claim that benefits can be felt after a few months' treatment.
In one Gestalt technique the client images a problem embodied as herself in an empty chair, with whom she talks through her feelings. The practitioner analyzes the clients habitual reactions.
- TRANSPERSONAL THERAPY
Like Jungian therapy, this approach explores aspects of the mind that unite humanity, such as myth, spirituality, birth, and loss. It utilizes the human capacity to develop "inner vision" and create stories and meaningful rituals that enable people to "transcend" themselves and feel "in touch". Sessions are one-to-one or in groups, and may be long term.
Sometimes called the "psychology of the soul", psychosynthesis was developed by an Italian psychiatrist, Dr. Roberto Assagioli, early in the 20th century. It aims to integrate, or "synthesize," the level of consciousness at which thoughts and emotions are experienced with a higher, spiritual level of consciousness. Through painting, movement, writing, and other techniques, you learn to recognize and value different facets of your personality. Psychosynthesis is helpful for people seeking a new, more spiritually oriented vision of themselves. The work can be one-to-one or in groups and continue over a long-period.
- TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
The premise of transactional analysis - first outlined in the 1960s by Canadian psychiatrist Eric Berne - is that everyone has a child, adult, and parent self within them, and in each social interaction, one self predominates. By learning to recognize these roles, you can choose which one to adopt and so change your behavior. The therapy has given rise to the term "inner child", used to describe unfulfilled needs neglected or frustrated during childhood. One-to-one or group sessions of short - (six sessions) or long-term treatment are used.
This therapy was devised in the 1920s by Jacob Moreno, and Austrian psychoanalyst. You act out inner conflicts, rather than talking about them, giving vent to feelings that are hard to express in everyday life. Therapy takes place in groups, in which members take turns acting out their personal dramas on a "therapeutic stage." The first scene usually focuses on present issues, and subsequent scenes trace the problems of the "protagonist" back to childhood experiences. Other group members play key characters in the protagonist's life. The practitioner acts as "facilitator", guiding the action and helping members share their feelings. Several psychodramas may be required to achieve results and extreme emotions may be released in the process. Groups may meet weekly or over a weekend.
In this psychodrama, the "protagonist" shows a drawing to her "father", the antagonist, demanding from him the praise and attention she was denied in childhood. Other members of the group play her mother and husband. The protagonist uses a cushion to vent her frustration.
- PRIMAL THERAPY
Based on the theory that suppressed birth or infancy traumas can resurface as neuroses, primal therapy grew out of the work of American psychologist Arthur Janov in the 1960s. It aims to take you back to the "primal scene," where trauma can be re-experienced in a cathartic way, often resulting in what is called the "primal scream". Therapy may last several years.
Emotional or physical trauma during birth are said to create feelings of separation or fear later in life. This therapy, developed in the 1970s, uses breathing techniques to release tension and help you re-experience traumatic emotions. Skilled counseling is important, and 10 individual or group sessions may be recommended.
In rebirthing, the practitioner asks the patient to gaze into the reflection of her left eye, the "mirror of the soul", while focusing on her breathing patterns.
MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information: Therapy Index
LOCAL PRACTITIONER RESOURCES
Jane B. Ross, LICSW
10 Federal Street, Suite 2-1
Salem, MA 01970
Office Phone: 978-836-8612
Web Site: www.triwellhealth.com
Tri-Well is a therapeutic and consultative psychotherapy practice for those seeking an integrative approach to health, wellness and healing. Their goal is to partner with patients to address issues such as transitions, parenting and family relationships and to assist them to learn practical and appropriate stress management techniques. Group therapy is offered for:
- Parenting For Parents of Young Children
- Stress Management & Self-Esteem For Women
Additionally Jane continues to accept referrals for individuals and families for her private psychotherapy practice. An objective of her mindfulness based practice is to assist patients to manage their stress more effectively.
MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information: Find A Practitioner
Note: If you are a local practitioner in the Salem, Massachusetts area that would like to be listed on this and my Find A Practitioner Listing, send me your information about you and your services and I will add you to the Local Practitioners list. For address information visit my main indexlisting page at www.moondragon.org/moondragon/indexlisting.html.
MIND & EMOTION THERAPIES
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Art Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Autogenic Training
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Biofeedback
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Biorhythms
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Color Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Feng Shui
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Flotation Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Geomancy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Hypnotherapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Light Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Meditation
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Music Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Other Therapies
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Psychotherapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Relaxation Breathing
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Sound Therapy
MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: M&E - Visualization Therapy
AROMATHERAPY: ESSENTIAL OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Allspice Leaf Oil Angelica Oil Anise Oil Baobab Oil Basil Oil Bay Laurel Oil Bay Oil Benzoin Oil Bergamot Oil Black Pepper Oil Chamomile (German) Oil Cajuput Oil Calamus Oil Camphor (White) Oil Caraway Oil Cardamom Oil Carrot Seed Oil Catnip Oil Cedarwood Oil Chamomile Oil Cinnamon Oil Citronella Oil Clary-Sage Oil Clove Oil Coriander Oil Cypress Oil Dill Oil Eucalyptus Oil Fennel Oil Fir Needle Oil Frankincense Oil Geranium Oil German Chamomile Oil Ginger Oil Grapefruit Oil Helichrysum Oil Hyssop Oil Iris-Root Oil Jasmine Oil Juniper Oil Labdanum Oil Lavender Oil Lemon-Balm Oil Lemongrass Oil Lemon Oil Lime Oil Longleaf-Pine Oil Mandarin Oil Marjoram Oil Mimosa Oil Myrrh Oil Myrtle Oil Neroli Oil Niaouli Oil Nutmeg Oil Orange Oil Oregano Oil Palmarosa Oil Patchouli Oil Peppermint Oil Peru-Balsam Oil Petitgrain Oil Pine-Long Leaf Oil Pine-Needle Oil Pine-Swiss Oil Rosemary Oil Rose Oil Rosewood Oil Sage Oil Sandalwood Oil Savory Oil Spearmint Oil Spikenard Oil Swiss-Pine Oil Tangerine Oil Tea-Tree Oil Thyme Oil Vanilla Oil Verbena Oil Vetiver Oil Violet Oil White-Camphor Oil Yarrow Oil Ylang-Ylang Oil Aromatherapy
Healing Baths For Colds
Using Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: HERBAL & CARRIER OILS DESCRIPTIONS & USES
Almond, Sweet Oil Apricot Kernel Oil Argan Oil Arnica Oil Avocado Oil Baobab Oil Black Cumin Oil Black Currant Oil Black Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Calendula Oil Camelina Oil Castor Oil Coconut Oil Comfrey Oil Evening Primrose Oil Flaxseed Oil Grapeseed Oil Hazelnut Oil Hemp Seed Oil Jojoba Oil Kukui Nut Oil Macadamia Nut Oil Meadowfoam Seed Oil Mullein Oil Neem Oil Olive Oil Palm Oil Plantain Oil Plum Kernel Oil Poke Root Oil Pomegranate Seed Oil Pumpkin Seed Oil Rosehip Seed Oil Safflower Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Sesame Seed Oil Shea Nut Oil Soybean Oil St. Johns Wort Oil Sunflower Oil Tamanu Oil Vitamin E Oil Wheat Germ Oil
HELPFUL RELATED MOONDRAGON NUTRITION BASICS LINKS
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Amino Acids Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Antioxidants Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Enzymes Information MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Herbs Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Homeopathics Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Hydrosols Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Minerals Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Mineral Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary & Cosmetic Supplements Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Dietary Supplements Introduction MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Specialty Supplements MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Vitamins Introduction
NUTRITION BASICS ARTICLES
MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: 4 Basic Nutrients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Foods That Contain Additives & Artificial Ingredients MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Is Aspartame A Safe Sugar Substitute? MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Guidelines For Selecting & Preparing Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Destroy MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Foods That Heal MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: The Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Avoid Overcooking Your Foods MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Phytochemicals MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Increase Your Consumption of Raw Produce MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Limit Your Use of Salt MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Use Proper Cooking Utensils MoonDragon's Nutrition Basics: Choosing The Best Water & Types of Water
RELATED MOONDRAGON HEALTH LINKS & INFORMATION
MoonDragon's Nutrition Information Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Therapy Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Analysis Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Diet Index MoonDragon's Nutritional Recipe Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Therapy: Preparing Produce for Juicing MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Additives Index MoonDragon's Nutrition Information: Food Safety Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Index MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Articles MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Back Pain MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Labor & Birth MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Blending Chart MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Essential Oil Details MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Links MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Miscarriage MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Post Partum MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Childbearing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy For Problems in Pregnancy & Birthing MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #1 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart of Essential Oils #2 MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Tips MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Uses MoonDragon's Alternative Health Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Information Overview MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Touch & Movement Therapies Index MoonDragon's Alternative Health Therapy: Touch & Movement: Aromatherapy MoonDragon's Alternative Therapy: Touch & Movement - Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Alternative Health: Therapeutic Massage MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 1 MoonDragon's Holistic Health Links Page 2 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Nutrition Basics Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy Index MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Massage Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Hydrotherapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Pain Control Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Relaxation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Steam Inhalation Therapy MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Therapy - Herbal Oils Index
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MOONDRAGON'S REALM - WEBSITE DIRECTORY
A website map to help you find what you are looking for on MoonDragon.org's Website. Available pages have been listed under appropriate directory headings.